Zechariah (Hebrew prophet)

Zechariah[lower-alpha 1] was a person in the Hebrew Bible and traditionally considered the author of the Book of Zechariah, the eleventh of the Twelve Minor Prophets.

Zechariah as depicted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Prophet

Zechariah as depicted by James Tissot

The Book of Zechariah introduces him as the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo (Zechariah 1:1). The Book of Ezra names Zechariah as the son of Iddo (Ezra 5:1 and Ezra 6:14), but it is likely that Berechiah was Zechariah's father, and Iddo was his grandfather.[1]

His prophetical career probably began in the second year of Darius the Great, king of the Achaemenid Empire (520 BC). His greatest concern appears to have been with the building of the Second Temple.[1]

He was probably not the "Zechariah" mentioned by Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew (23:35) and the Gospel of Luke (11:51); Zechariah ben Jehoiada was more likely intended.[2]

Bahá'í Faith

Bahá'í teachers have made comparisons between the prophecies of Zechariah and the Súriy-i-Haykal in the Summons of the Lord of Hosts, a collection of the Tablets of Bahá’u’lláh.[3]

Liturgical commemoration

On the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, his feast day is February 8. He is commemorated in the calendar of saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church on the Tuesday after the fifth Sunday of Pentecost[4] and, with the other Minor Prophets, on July 31. The Roman Catholic Church honors him with a feast day assigned to September 6.

See also

  • Tomb of the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi
  • Zechariah (given name) for the derivation and translations of his name
  • Zechariah ben Jehoiada, a much earlier figure mentioned in 2 Chronicles
  • Zechariah (priest), the father of John the Baptist in the New Testament

Notes

  1. (/zɛkəˈr.ə/; Hebrew: זְכַרְיָה, Modern: Zekharya, Tiberian: Zəḵaryāh, "YHWH has remembered"; Arabic: زكريّا Zakariya' or Zakkariya; Greek: Ζαχαρίας Zakharias; Latin: Zacharias)

References

  1. Hirsch, Emil G. (1906). "Zechariah". In Cyrus Adler; et al. (eds.). Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Co.
  2. Pao & Schnabel on Luke 11:49–51 (2007). Beale & Carson (ed.). Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. ISBN 978-0801026935. most identify this figure with the Zechariah of 2 Chron. 24:20–25, who was killed in the temple court
  3. Cynthia C. Shawamreh (December 1998). "Comparison of the Suriy-i-Haykal and the Prophecies of Zechariah". Wilmette Institute.
  4. Domar: the calendrical and liturgical cycle of the Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church, Armenian Orthodox Theological Research Institute, 2003

Sources

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. Missing or empty |title= (help)
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