Wreck-It Ralph is a 2012 American computer-animated comedy film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The 52nd Disney animated feature film, it was directed by Rich Moore (in his directorial debut), written by Phil Johnston and Jennifer Lee from a story by Moore, Johnston, and Jim Reardon and executive produced by John Lasseter. The film features the voices of John C. Reilly, Sarah Silverman, Jack McBrayer and Jane Lynch and tells the story of the eponymous arcade game villain who rebels against his "bad-guy" role and dreams of becoming a hero.
|Directed by||Rich Moore|
|Produced by||Clark Spencer|
|Edited by||Tim Mertens|
|Music by||Henry Jackman|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures|
|Box office||$471.2 million|
Wreck-It Ralph premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on October 29, 2012, and went into general release on November 2. The film was a critical and commercial success, grossing $471 million worldwide against a $165 million budget and winning the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature, as well as receiving nominations for the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. The sequel, Ralph Breaks the Internet, was released in November 2018.
When Litwak's Arcade closes at night, the various video game characters leave their normal in-game roles and socialize in a power strip. Wreck-It Ralph, the villain of the game Fix-It Felix Jr., is ostracized by its other characters, while the titular hero Felix is celebrated. After the game's inhabitants exclude Ralph from their thirtieth anniversary party, he sets out to earn a medal for himself to gain his neighbors' respect. Ralph overhears that he can win a medal from the first-person shooter, Hero's Duty. He disrupts the game during a fight with Cy-Bugs to obtain the medal. He and a Cy-Bug are ejected from the game via an escape pod, crash landing in the game Sugar Rush, a candy-themed kart racing game.
Meanwhile, with Ralph missing, his game is labeled as malfunctioning. Felix worries that Ralph has "gone Turbo"—a term coined by the inhabitants of the arcade when racing game character Turbo, jealous of being overshadowed, attempted to take over a newer racing game RoadBlasters, which resulted in both of their games being unplugged. Felix ventures to Hero's Duty and allies with the game's heroine, Sergeant Calhoun, to retrieve Ralph.
In Sugar Rush, a young girl, Vanellope von Schweetz, steals Ralph's medal to buy her way into the nightly race that determines which characters are playable the next day. King Candy, the ruler of Sugar Rush, forbids her from racing because she has glitches that cause her to teleport erratically. Ralph and Vanellope agree to work together to retrieve his medal and help her win a race. They build a kart and hide out at Diet Cola Mountain, an unfinished race track, where Ralph teaches her to drive.
King Candy hacks the game's code to obtain Ralph's medal and offers it to Ralph in exchange for preventing Vanellope from racing. He claims that if Vanellope wins and becomes playable, her glitches will lead to Sugar Rush being unplugged. Ralph reluctantly agrees and destroys Vanellope's kart despite her pleas. Distraught, she tells Ralph that he "really is a bad guy" and runs off. A heartbroken Ralph leaves Sugar Rush to travel back to his own game, which has been evacuated. Ralph notices Vanellope's image on the side of the Sugar Rush cabinet and realizes she was meant to be a playable character. Ralph returns to Sugar Rush and confronts King Candy's assistant, Sour Bill. Bill reveals that King Candy tried to delete her code and prevented her from winning the race as that would cause the game to reset and restore her as a playable character.
Meanwhile, Felix and Calhoun search Sugar Rush for Ralph. Felix falls in love with Calhoun, but she leaves him as Felix inadvertently reminds her of her late fiancé who was killed by a Cy-Bug on their wedding day. Felix is later imprisoned in King Candy's castle, but Ralph frees him and Vanellope, and Felix fixes the kart. Calhoun discovers a swarm of Cy-Bug eggs underground, which hatch and start devouring the game.
Vanellope participates in the race but is attacked by King Candy. She starts glitching nervously, and the force of the glitch reveals King Candy's identity as Turbo, who took over Sugar Rush and displaced Vanellope as the main character. Vanellope flees as Turbo is eaten by a Cy-Bug. Ralph, Felix, and Calhoun help evacuate the game as it is taken over by Cy-Bugs, but Vanellope, as a glitch, cannot leave. Ralph recalls from Hero's Duty that Cy-Bugs are drawn by a beacon of light, and causes Diet Cola Mountain to erupt, replicating the beacon. As the Cy-Bugs are consumed by the eruption, Ralph faces a fusion of Turbo with a Cy-Bug, but is rescued by Vanellope with her glitching abilities. Turbo is destroyed by the volcanic beacon.
Vanellope crosses the finish line, rebooting Sugar Rush and restoring her status and memory as Princess Vanellope, the game's main character, while still retaining her glitching ability. Ralph and Felix return home and their game is spared. Felix and Calhoun marry, Vanellope gains popularity as a playable character, and a content Ralph gains respect from his fellow characters.
- John C. Reilly as Wreck-It Ralph, a gigantic but soft-hearted man who is the villain of the fictional arcade game Fix-It Felix Jr.
- Sarah Silverman as Vanellope von Schweetz, a racer/glitch in Sugar Rush.
- Jack McBrayer as Fix-It Felix Jr., a repairman who is the hero of Fix-It Felix Jr.
- Jane Lynch as Sergeant Tamora Jean Calhoun, the lead character of Hero's Duty.
- Alan Tudyk as King Candy, the ruler of Sugar Rush who is revealed to be Turbo, an infamous character from another kart racing video game known for having crashed another game out of jealousy. King Candy's vocal stylings are based on comedian Ed Wynn, and his physical mannerisms are modeled from Wynn's Mad Hatter character in Alice in Wonderland.
- Mindy Kaling as Taffyta Muttonfudge, a racer in Sugar Rush who thinks that Vanellope is a mistake.
- Joe Lo Truglio as Markowski, a soldier from Hero's Duty that Ralph meets in Tapper.
- Ed O'Neill as Mr. Stan Litwak, owner of Litwak's Family Fun Center & Arcade.
- Dennis Haysbert as General Hologram, a holographic general in Hero's Duty.
- Adam Carolla as Wynnchel, a Long John who is a member of the Sugar Rush police department.
- Horatio Sanz as Duncan, a doughnut who is a member of the Sugar Rush police department.
- Rich Moore as Sour Bill, King Candy's sour ball henchman.
The cast also includes the Fix-It Felix Jr. Nicelanders, Edie McClurg as Mary, Raymond S. Persi as Mayor Gene, Jess Harnell as Don, Rachael Harris as Deanna, and Skylar Astin as Roy; Katie Lowes as Candlehead, Jamie Elman as Rancis Fluggerbutter, Josie Trinidad as Jubileena Bing-Bing, and Cymbre Walk as Crumbelina DiCaramello, racers in Sugar Rush; Phil Johnston as Surge Protector, Game Central Station security; Stefanie Scott as Moppet Girl, a young arcade-game player; John DiMaggio as Beard Papa, the security guard at the Sugar Rush candy-kart factory; Raymond Persi as a Zombie, Brian Kesinger as a Cyborg (based on Kano from Mortal Kombat) and Martin Jarvis as Saitine, a devil-like villain, who attends the Bad-Anon support group; Tucker Gilmore as the Sugar Rush Announcer; Brandon Scott as Kohut, a soldier in Hero's Duty; and Tim Mertens as Dr. Brad Scott, a scientist who is Sgt. Calhoun's deceased fiancé in Hero's Duty (voiced by Nick Grimshaw in the UK version but not in the UK home release).
The film features several cameos from real-world video game characters including: Tapper (Maurice LaMarche), the bartender from Tapper; Sonic the Hedgehog (Roger Craig Smith); Ryu (Kyle Hebert), Ken Masters (Reuben Langdon), M. Bison (Gerald C. Rivers), and Zangief (Rich Moore) from Street Fighter II; Clyde (Kevin Deters) from Pac-Man; and Yuni Verse (Jamie Sparer Roberts) from Dance Dance Revolution.
Video game cameos and references
In addition to the spoken roles, Wreck-It Ralph contains a number of other video game references, including characters and visual gags. The video game villains at the support meeting, in addition to those mentioned above, include Bowser from the Mario franchise, Doctor Eggman from Sonic the Hedgehog, and Neff from Altered Beast. Additionally, the game cabinet of the fictional Fix It Felix, Jr. arcade game is stylized to strongly resemble the cabinet of Nintendo's original 1981 Donkey Kong arcade game, with Ralph and Felix taking similar poses as Donkey Kong and Mario, respectively. The Hero's Duty game is a reference to the hugely successful first-person shooter games Halo and Call of Duty. Characters from Q*bert, including Q*bert, Coily, Slick, Sam, and Ugg, are shown as "homeless" characters and later taken in by Ralph and Felix into their game (Q*bert also speaks to Felix at one point using the signature synthesized gibberish and word-balloon symbols from his game, called Q*bert-ese). Scenes in Game Central Station and Tapper's bar include Chun-Li, Cammy and Blanka from Street Fighter, Pac-Man, Blinky, Pinky, and Inky from Pac-Man, the Paperboy from Paperboy, the two paddles and the ball from Pong, Dig Dug, a Pooka, and a Fygar from Dig Dug, The Qix from Qix, Frogger from Frogger, and Peter Pepper from BurgerTime. Lara Croft and Mario are also mentioned.
Additional references are based on sight gags. The residents of Niceland and the bartender from Tapper are animated using a jerky motion that spoofs the limited animation cycles of the sprites of many eight- and sixteen-bit arcade games. King Candy uses the Konami Code on an NES controller to access the programming of Sugar Rush. Throughout Game Central Station is graffiti that includes "Aerith lives" (referencing the character of Aerith Gainsborough from Final Fantasy VII), "All your base are belong to us" (an Engrish phrase popularized from the game Zero Wing), "Sheng Long Was Here" (referencing an April Fool's joke around a made-up character Sheng Long from Street Fighter), and "Jenkins" (a nod to the popular Leeroy Jenkins meme from World of Warcraft). There is also a reference to the Metal Gear series when Ralph is searching for a medal in Tapper's Lost and found, finding first a Super Mushroom from the Mario franchise, and then Metal Gear Solid's "Exclamation point" (with the corresponding sound effect from the game). Mr. Litwak wears a black and white striped referee's shirt, a nod to the iconic outfit of Twin Galaxies founder Walter Day. One of the songs in the credits is an original work from Buckner and Garcia, previously famous for writing video game-themed songs in the 1980s. The Walt Disney Animation Studios opening logo is animated in an 8-bit pixelated fashion, whereas the Walt Disney Pictures closing production logo appears in a glitched state, a reference to the kill screen from many early arcade games such as Pac-Man. Company founder Walt Disney is subtly paid homage to on the main screen of Fix It Felix, Jr. The high score of 120501 refers to his birthdate, December 5, 1901.
Concept and story
The concept of Wreck-It Ralph was first developed at Disney in the late 1980s, under the working title High Score. Since then, it was redeveloped and reconsidered several times: In the late 1990s, it took on the working title Joe Jump, then in the mid-2000s as Reboot Ralph.
John Lasseter, the head of Walt Disney Animation Studios and executive producer of the film, describes Wreck-It Ralph as "an 8-bit video-game bad guy who travels the length of the arcade to prove that he's a good guy." In a manner similar to Who Framed Roger Rabbit and the Toy Story films, Wreck-It Ralph featured cameo appearances by a number of licensed video-game characters. For example, one scene from the film shows Ralph attending a support group for the arcade's various villain characters, including Clyde from Pac-Man, Doctor Eggman from Sonic the Hedgehog, and Bowser from Super Mario Bros. Rich Moore, the film's director, had determined that for a film about a video-game world to feel authentic, "it had to have real characters from real games in it." Moore aimed to add licensed characters in a similar manner as cultural references in Looney Tunes shorts, but considered "having the right balance so a portion of the audience didn't feel they were being neglected or talked down to." However, Moore avoided creating the movie around existing characters, feeling that "there's so much mythology and baggage attached to pre-existing titles that I feel someone would be disappointed," and considered this to be a reason why movies based on video game franchises typically fail. Instead, for Ralph, the development of new characters representative of the 8-bit video game was "almost like virgin snow," giving them the freedom to take these characters in new directions.
Before production, the existing characters were added to the story either in places they would make sense to appear or as cameos from a list of characters suggested by the film's creative team, without consideration if they would legally be able to use the characters. The company then sought out the copyright holders' permissions to use the characters, as well as working with these companies to assure their characters were being represented authentically. In the case of Nintendo, the writers had early on envisioned the Bad-anon meeting with Bowser as a major character within the scene; according to Moore, Nintendo was very positive towards this use, stating in Moore's own words, "If there is a group that is dedicated to helping the bad guy characters in video games then Bowser must be in that group!" Nintendo had asked that the producers try to devise a scene that would be similarly appropriate for Mario for his inclusion in the film. Despite knowing they would be able to use the character, the producers could not find an appropriate scene that would let Mario be a significant character without taking away the spotlight from the main story and opted to not include the character. Moore debunked a rumor that Mario and his brother character Luigi were not included due to Nintendo requesting too high a licensing fee, stating that the rumor grew out of a joke John C. Reilly made at Comic-Con. Dr. Wily from Mega Man was going to appear but was cut from the final version of the film. Overall, there are about 188 individual character models in the movie as a result of these cameo inclusions.
An earlier draft of the screenplay had Ralph and Vanellope spending time going around the game world to collect the pieces for her kart for Sugar Rush, and at times included Felix traveling with the pair. During these scenes, Ralph would have lied to Felix regarding his budding relationship with Calhoun, leading eventually to Ralph becoming depressed and abandoning his quest to get his medal back. At this point, a fourth game world, Extreme Easy Living 2, would have been introduced and was considered a "hedonistic place" between the social nature of The Sims and the open-world objective-less aspects of Grand Theft Auto, according to Moore. Ralph would go there too, wallowing in his depression, and would find happiness by gaining "Like It" buttons for doing acceptable actions in the party-like nature of the place. Moore stated that while it was difficult to consider dropping this new game world, they found that its introduction in the second half of the film would be too difficult a concept for the viewer to grasp. They further had trouble working out how a social game would be part of an arcade, and though they considered having the game be running on Litwak's laptop, they ultimately realized that justifying the concept would be too convoluted. Line art sketches and voice-over readings of the scene were included on the home media release of the film.
Animation, designs, and camera work
The film introduced Disney's new bidirectional reflectance distribution functions, with more realistic reflections on surfaces, and new virtual cinematography Camera Capture system, which makes it possible to go through scenes in real-time. To research the Sugar Rush segment of the film, the visual development group traveled to trade fair ISM Cologne, a See's Candy factory, and other manufacturing facilities. The group also brought in food photographers, to demonstrate techniques to make food appear appealing. Special effects, including from "smoke or dust," looks distinct in each of the segments.
|Wreck-It Ralph: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||October 30, 2012|
|Studio||Sony Scoring Stage (score)|
|Walt Disney Animation Studios chronology|
|Henry Jackman chronology|
The film's score was composed by Henry Jackman. Three original songs were performed in the film by Owl City, AKB48, and Buckner & Garcia. The soundtrack also features the songs Celebration, Bug Hunt (Skrillex and Noisia remix), and Shut Up and Drive. Early in the development process, Robert Lopez and Kristen Anderson-Lopez wrote an original song for the film; it was later cut out.
|1.||"When Can I See You Again?"||Adam Young, Matt Thiessen & Brian Lee||Owl City|
|2.||"Sugar Rush"||Yasushi Akimoto & Jamie Houston||AKB48|
|3.||"Wreck-It, Wreck-It Ralph"||Jamie Houston||Buckner & Garcia|
A teaser trailer for Wreck-It Ralph was released on June 6, 2012, debuting with Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted and Rock of Ages. This also coincided with the 2012 Electronic Entertainment Expo, for which Disney constructed a mock aged arcade cabinet for the fictional Fix-It Felix Jr. game on display on the show floor. Disney also released a browser-based Flash-based version of the Fix-It Felix Jr. game as well as iOS, Android, and Windows Phone versions, with online Unity-based versions of Sugar Rush and Hero's Duty. A second trailer for the film was released on September 12, 2012, coinciding with Finding Nemo 3D and Frankenweenie, along with its final updated movie poster.
To promote the home media release of Wreck-It Ralph, director Rich Moore produced a short film titled Garlan Hulse: Where Potential Lives. Set within the movie's universe, the mockumentary film was designed as a parody of The King of Kong.
The film was originally scheduled for a release on March 22, 2013, but it was later changed to November 2, 2012, due to it being ahead of schedule. The theatrical release was accompanied by Disney's animated short film, Paperman.
Wreck-It Ralph was released on Blu-ray Disc (2D and 3D) and DVD in North America on March 5, 2013, from Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. The film was made available for digital download in selected regions on February 12, 2013. Wreck-It Ralph debuted at No. 1 in Blu-ray and DVD sales in the United States. Wreck It Ralph was released on 4K UHD Blu-ray on November 6, 2018.
In North America, the film debuted with $13.5 million, an above-average opening-day gross for an animated film released in November. During its opening weekend, the film topped the box office with $49 million, making it the largest opening for a Walt Disney Animation Studios film at the time. The film fell 33% to $33 million in its second weekend, finishing second behind newcomer Skyfall.
The review-aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes reports that 87% of critics have given the film a positive review, based on 188 reviews with an average score of 7.4/10. The site's consensus reads: "Equally entertaining for both kids and parents old enough to catch the references, Wreck-It Ralph is a clever, colorful adventure built on familiar themes and joyful nostalgia." On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 72 out of 100, based on 38 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". The film earned an "A" from audiences polled by CinemaScore.
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 out of 4 stars and wrote, "More than in most animated films, the art design and color palette of Wreck-It Ralph permit unlimited sets, costumes, and rules, giving the movie tireless originality and different behavior in every different cyber world." A. O. Scott of The New York Times wrote, "The movie invites a measure of cynicism—which it proceeds to obliterate with a 93-minute blast of color, noise, ingenuity and fun." Peter Debruge of Variety stated, "With plenty to appeal to boys and girls, old and young, Walt Disney Animation Studios has a high-scoring hit on its hands in this brilliantly conceived, gorgeously executed toon, earning bonus points for backing nostalgia with genuine emotion." Betsy Sharkey of the Los Angeles Times said, "The movie's subversive sensibility and old-school/new-school feel are a total kick," while Justin Lowe of The Hollywood Reporter wrote, "With a mix of retro eye-candy for grown-ups and a thrilling, approachable storyline for the tykes, the film casts a wide and beguiling net." Conversely, Christopher Orr of The Atlantic found it "overplotted and underdeveloped."
Awards and nominations
|List of awards and nominations|
|Academy Awards||Best Animated Feature||Rich Moore||Nominated|
|Annie Awards||Best Animated Feature||Clark Spencer||Won|
|Animated Effects in an Animated Production||Brett Albert||Nominated|
|Character Design in an Animated Feature Production||Bill Schwab, Lorelay Bove, Cory Loftis, Minkyu Lee||Nominated|
|Directing in an Animated Feature Production||Rich Moore||Won|
|Music in an Animated Feature Production||Henry Jackman, Skrillex, Adam Young, Matthew Thiessen, Jamie Houston, Yasushi Akimoto||Won|
|Storyboarding in an Animated Feature Production||Leo Matsuda||Nominated|
|Voice Acting in an Animated Feature Production||Alan Tudyk||Won|
|Writing in an Animated Feature Production||Phil Johnston, Jennifer Lee||Won|
|Editorial in an Animated Feature Production||Tim Mertens||Nominated|
|Chicago Film Critics Association||Best Animated Feature||Rich Moore||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Movie Awards||Best Animated Feature||Won|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Animated Feature Film||Nominated|
|Golden Reel Awards||Best Sound Editing: Sound Effects, Foley, Dialogue and ADR in an Animation Feature Film||Wreck It Ralph||Won|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Best Animation/Family||"Dreams"||Won|
|IGN's Best of 2012 Awards||Best Movie||Wreck It Ralph||Nominated|
|Best Animated Movie||Won|
|IGN People's Choice Award for Best Animated Movie||Won|
|Best 3D Movie||Nominated|
|Best Movie Poster||Nominated|
|National Board of Review Awards||Best Animated Feature||Won|
|Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Animated Movie||Won|
|Online Film Critics Society Award||Best Animated Feature||Nominated|
|Producers Guild of America Award||Best Animated Motion Picture||Clark Spencer||Won|
|Satellite Awards||Best Animated or Mixed Media Feature||Rich Moore||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Animated Film||Nominated|
|Visual Effects Society||Outstanding Animation in an Animated Feature Motion Picture||Sean Jenkins, Scott Kersavage, Rich Moore, Clark Spencer||Nominated|
|Outstanding Animated Character in an Animated Feature Motion Picture||John Kahwaty, Suzan Kim, Michelle Robinson, Tony Smeed (for Vanellope)||Nominated|
Ralph Breaks the Internet is the sequel to Wreck-It Ralph. The film takes place after the first film when Wreck-It Ralph and Vanellope von Schweetz travel to the Internet to get a replacement part for Sugar Rush and prevent Mr. Litwak from disposing of the game. The film was produced by Disney Animation with Moore and Johnston directing. The film was released November 21, 2018 by Walt Disney Pictures and Walt Disney Animation Studios.
In addition to the Flash version of the Fix-It Felix Jr. game, Disney released a tie-in side-scrolling platform game called Wreck-It Ralph for the Wii, Nintendo 3DS, and Nintendo DS, to mostly negative reviews. The arcade style side-scrolling game was developed by PipeWorks and published by Activision and serves as a "story extension" to the film. Taking place following the events of the film, players may play as Wreck-It Ralph or Fix-It Felix, causing or repairing damage, respectively, following another Cy-Bug incident. Game levels are based on the locations in the film like the Fix-It Felix Jr., Hero's Duty, and Sugar Rush games as well as Game Central Station. It was released in conjunction with the film's release, in November 2012.
In October 2012, Disney released fully playable browser-based versions of the Hero's Duty and Sugar Rush games on the new official film site. A mobile game titled Wreck-it Ralph was released in November 2012 for iOS and Android systems, with a Windows Phone 8 version following almost a year later. Initially, the game consisted of three mini-games, Fix-it Felix Jr., Hero's Duty and Sweet Climber, which were later joined by Turbo Time and Hero's Duty: Flight Command. The game was retired on August 29, 2014.
Ralph also appears in Sega's Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed as a playable guest character.
Ralph and Vanellope appear as playable characters in Disney Infinity as well (voiced by Brian T. Delaney and Sarah Silverman, respectively); the Disney Store released their individual figures on January 7, 2014. A combo "toy box pack" of the two figures with Sugar Rush customization discs was released April 1, 2014, from the Disney Store.
Wreck-It Ralph is a playable world on the mobile game Disney Crossy Road. Ralph made his debut appearance in the Kingdom Hearts video game series in Kingdom Hearts III, serving as a Link summon. A world based on Wreck-It Ralph was added to the mobile game Kingdom Hearts Union χ as part of an update in April 2019. In the game, the story of the world loosely follows the plot of the film, culminating with a boss battle against Turbo.
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Feature Running Time: Approx. 101 Minutes
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We expect this item to be available by 04/01/2014.
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