Vivaldi (web browser)

Vivaldi is a freeware, cross-platform web browser developed by Vivaldi Technologies, a company founded by Tatsuki Tomita and Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner, who was the co-founder and CEO of Opera Software. Vivaldi was officially launched on April 6, 2016.[10][11]

Vivaldi
Vivaldi 3.0 running on macOS
Developer(s)Vivaldi Technologies
Initial releaseApril 6, 2016 (2016-04-06)[1] (Technical Preview released on Jan 27, 2015)
Stable release(s) [±]
Linux, macOS, Windows

4.1 (2369.11) (July 28, 2021 (2021-07-28)[2]) [±]

Android
4.0 (2313.19) (June 18, 2021 (2021-06-18)[3]) [±]
Preview release(s) [±]
Linux, macOS, Windows

2238.3 (March 24, 2021 (2021-03-24)[4]) [±]

Android
2252.3 (April 6, 2021 (2021-04-06)[5]) [±]
Repository
Written inC++[6]
EnginesBlink, V8
Operating system
PlatformIA-32, x86-64, ARM (macOS, Linux & Android only)
Size
  • Windows: 38.9 ~ 44.8 MB
  • macOS: 60.4 MB
  • Linux: ~45 MB
Available in53 languages[8]
List of languages
Albanian, Arabic, Armenian, Basque, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Frisian, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Icelandic, Ido, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kurdish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Lojban, Macedonian, Norwegian (Bokmal), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romanian, Russian, Sardinian, Scots Gaelic, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Spanish (Peru), Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese
TypeWeb browser
LicenseProprietary freeware[9]
Websitevivaldi.com 

Although intended for general users, it is first and foremost targeted towards technically-inclined users as well as former Opera users disgruntled by its transition from the Presto layout engine to a Chromium-based browser that resulted in the loss of many of its iconic features.[10][12] Despite also being Chromium-based, Vivaldi aims to revive the features of the Presto-based Opera with its own proprietary modifications.[13][14]

Vivaldi released a mobile (Android) beta version on September 6, 2019 and a regular release on April 22, 2020.[15][16]

As of spring 2021 Vivaldi had 2.2 million active monthly users.[17]

History

Vivaldi began as a virtual community website that replaced My Opera, which was shut down by Opera Software in March 2014.[18] Jon Stephenson von Tetzchner was angered by this decision because he believed that this community helped make the Opera web browser what it was. Tetzchner then launched the Vivaldi Community—a virtual community focused on providing registered users with a discussion forum, blogging service, and numerous other practical web services—to make up for My Opera's closure. Later, on January 27, 2015, Vivaldi Technologies launched[19] the first technical preview of the Vivaldi web browser.[20] Its name comes from the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi, which, according to one of its creators, is an easy name to be remembered and understood worldwide.[11]

Releases

Vivaldi version history
Version Date Features
Technical Preview 1[10] January 27, 2015
  • Tab stacking
  • Tab-bar placement
  • Notes
  • Speed dial
  • Bookmarks manager
  • Downloads manager
  • Quick commands
  • Mouse gestures
  • Page actions
  • Sidebar
  • Colored tabs
  • Visual tabs
  • Recently closed tabs
  • Shortcuts
Technical Preview 2[21] March 5, 2015
  • Bookmarks bar
  • On-demand image loading
  • Fast forward
  • Spatial navigation
Technical Preview 3[22] April 28, 2015
  • Tab stack tiling
  • Unseen page marker
  • Native window
  • Auto-update
  • Personal data importing
  • Plug-ins on demand
  • Background tabs loading indicator
Technical Preview 4[23] July 16, 2015
  • Startup options
  • Color schemes
  • UI zoom
  • HiDPI support
  • Pinned tabs
  • Task manager
Beta 1[24] November 3, 2015
  • Web-panels
  • Chromeless UI
  • Tabs visual navigation
  • Private window
  • Page loading progress indicator
  • Typed history list
  • Smooth scrolling
  • Geolocation support
  • HTML 5 H.264, AAC, and MP3 support
  • Extensions support
Beta 2[25] December 18, 2015
  • Fast tab closing
  • Bookmarks and notes trash
  • Panel hiding
  • Silent tabs for users (STFU)
  • HTML 5 notifications
  • Global font settings
  • Default character encoding settings
  • Moving tabs between windows
Beta 3[26] March 4, 2016
  • Bookmarks export
  • Interface zoom
  • Web-pages global/individual zoom
  • Double-click for tab closing
  • Color tabs settings
  • Tabs closing/opening management
  • Sessions
  • Tabs hibernation
  • CSS debugger
1.0[27] April 6, 2016
  • Search suggestions
  • Welcome page
  • Minimize tab by click (click active tab to switch to previous tab)
1.1[28] April 26, 2016
  • Closing all other tabs by Alt+Click on close button
  • Open links in current tab stack
  • Keyboard shortcut that toggles all the others on or off
  • Tab closing activation options
  • Importing speed dial from Opera 12
  • Tab stack hibernation
1.2[29] June 2, 2016
  • Editable mouse gestures
  • New tab start page specifying
  • Closing multiple selected tabs
  • Keyboard shortcuts for opening edited URL in address field
1.3[30] August 11, 2016
  • Customizable UI themes
  • Color picker for themes
  • WebRTC IP handling settings
1.4[31] September 8, 2016
  • Individual width of web panels
  • Themes scheduling
  • Retrieve closed tab by middle-click on trash
1.5[32] November 22, 2016
  • Tabs drag-and-drop between windows
  • Philips Hue lighting system support
  • Automatic screenshots in Notes
  • Reader mode available from address field
  • Incremental updates
  • Chromecast support
  • Search with context menu option for selected text
1.6[33] December 15, 2016
  • Tab notifications
  • Tab stack renaming
  • Tabs selection by domain
1.7[34] February 8, 2017
  • Built-in screenshots
  • Mute/unmute multiple tabs
  • Configurable top-level domain expansion
  • Extensions visibility toggle
  • Extra warnings for HTTP websites that request passwords
1.8[35] March 29, 2017
  • History redefined: Structured and Visual
  • Create notes by drag-and-drop
  • Auto-update control (Microsoft Windows version only)
  • Image search from the contextual menu
1.9[36] April 27, 2017
  • Removed web-panel restoring
  • Ecosia green search integration
  • Extensions buttons rearranging
  • Area capturing button
  • Notes sorting
1.10[37] June 15, 2017
  • Custom speed-dial thumbnails
  • Docked developer tools
  • Extension-controlled new tabs
  • Sorting of downloads
  • Desktop wallpaper as speed-dial background (Windows 8+ only)
1.11[38] August 10, 2017
  • Reader mode configuration
  • Configurable gesture sensitivity
  • Disable GIF animations by setting
  • Optional speed-dial buttons
  • Updated Vivaldi application icon and Windows installer backgrounds
1.12[39] September 20, 2017
  • Image properties display
  • File download properties display
  • Control Website accent-color saturation
1.13[40] November 22, 2017
  • Protect against accidentally canceling downloads
  • Resume downloads from previous session
  • Show download speeds in entries
  • Add window panel (phase 1)
1.14[41] January 31, 2018
  • Vertical reader mode for CJK users
  • Markdown editor for notes
  • Web-panel order now can be changed
  • Change order of search engines
1.15[42] April 25, 2018
  • Possibility of having an image as window background
  • "Bookmarks" item in the main menu
  • Access individual panels and toolbars in full-screen mode via keyboard shortcuts or quick commands
2.0[43] September 26, 2018
  • Implement syncing of bookmarks, settings, etc.
  • Add options to support for floating/overlay panels
  • Make tiled tabs resizable
  • List layout for visual tab cycler VB-19167
  • Add predefined shortcuts for moving tabs left and right: Windows/Linux = Ctrl+Shift+PgUp/PgDn; macOS = Command+Shift+↑/↓
  • Tile new tabs in a tab stack
  • Holding command/control opens new tab on history buttons
  • Web-panel suggestions with favicons
  • More speed-dial suggestions, using favicons
  • New welcome page
  • Updated predefined themes: added "Vivaldi" as the new default theme, replaced "Redmond" with "Beach"
  • Set minimum active-tab width
2.1[44] October 25, 2018
  • Create notes from quick commands
  • Notes search from quick commands
  • UI zoom, and support for command-line parameters in quick commands
  • Open items in a new tab via modifier keys from quick commands
  • AV1 support
2.2[45] December 13, 2018
  • Save selected tabs as a session
  • Numbered accelerators to elements in main Window menu
  • Closed tabs access from quick commands and with keyboard shortcut
  • Configurable address toolbar
  • Configurable status toolbar
  • Mute all other tabs via the tab context menu
  • Search box on speed dial
  • Option to show a webpage access-key shortcuts
  • Pop-out video (picture-in-picture)
  • Middle-clicking in back/forward history drop-down opens the page in new background tab
  • Automatically fetch Widevine (EME), to enable Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, etc. (Linux only)
2.3[46] February 6, 2019
  • Option to automatically create a tab stack
  • Option to show frequently visited pages in the URL drop-down
  • Custom screen-shot file name
  • Save webpage as MHTML
2.4[47] March 27, 2019
  • Buttons moving between panels
  • Context menu inside folders on the bookmarks bar
  • Bookmarking selected tabs
  • User profiles
  • Built-in calculator
2.5[48] May 8, 2019
  • Razer Chroma support
  • New select/unselect tab options
  • Resizable SD thumbnails
  • Contextual menu inside folders on bookmarks bar (macOS only)
2.6[49] June 20, 2019
  • Built-In Abusive Ads Blocker
  • Unread tab counter in Window Panel
  • Filtering saved passwords
  • Display search engine icon in Search Field
  • Razer Chroma headset support
2.7[50] August 21, 2019
  • Allow to mute website that is currently silent
  • Global setting for Flash player
  • Add info to the status bar when a page is loading
  • Desktop shortcut for user profile
2.8[51] September 19, 2019
  • Keyboard navigation at the bookmark menu bar
  • Resizable columns in the Bookmarks and History managers
  • Support for hovering across horizontal menu or the bookmarks bar
  • Toggle images via keyboard
2.9[52] October 31, 2019
  • Page prevented from using cookies dialogue
  • Web panels in the View menu
  • Tab bar in the View menu
  • Global site permissions in the Settings
  • Columns reordering support in the Bookmarks manager
2.10[53] December 19, 2019
  • User Agent string without Vivaldi
  • System themes scheduling support
  • Keep text in input field if command not executed
  • Support for focusing the bookmark bar
  • Horizontal extension-popup instead of vertical extension-popup
2.11[54] February 12, 2020
  • Picture-in-picture button
  • F6/Shift+F6 focus handling
  • Follow OS Dark/Light mode by default
  • Translated installer
3.0[55] April 22, 2020
  • Tracking protection powered by DuckDuckGo Tracker Radar
  • Ad blocker
  • Status bar clock
  • Improved spatial navigation and picture-in-picture features
3.1[56] June 11, 2020
  • Notes manager
  • Configurable menus
  • Speed improvements
3.2[57] August 5, 2020
  • Mute Pop-Out videos button
  • Option to change Close Tab button position
  • Use different installation profiles and directories for snapshots and finals (macOS)
3.3[58] September 8, 2020
  • Pause/break mode
  • Ability to drag entries into a folder
  • Separate theme for private windows
  • Base domain highlighting
  • Clickable element of URL as links: holding Ctrl highlights the part that will remain on clicking
  • Support for blocking whole pages: if blocking rule that has the ‘document’ option, it will block the whole page
  • Proper surrogate support in DDG rules and support for uBlock redirect rules
3.4[59] October 15, 2020
  • Vivaldia game
  • Add support for custom links via an “Open link” command
  • Support for configurable context menus
  • Option to directly attach a screenshot to a note
  • Improved tiling commands: prioritizes 1) current tab selection, 2) current tab stack, 3) active + last visible tab
  • Drag one item onto another to create a folder with both on Speed Dial
  • Periodic reloader with custom intervals
  • Allow for using a local image as avatar image
3.7[60] March 17, 2021
  • Add support for Kabyle language
  • Add support for configurable document menus
  • Support Periodic Reload in web panels
  • Search highlight priority options
  • Universal Binaries for native support on Apple M1 machines
  • Search engine icons in the context menu
3.8[61] April 29, 2021
  • Cookie warning blocker
  • Removal of FLoC web tracking
  • Redesigned built-in panels
  • Redesigned bookmarks dialogue
4.0[62] June 9, 2021
  • Vivaldi Mail (Beta)
  • Vivaldi Calendar (Beta)
  • Vivaldi RSS Reader (Beta)
  • Vivaldi Translator for webpages
  • Features sets presets
  • New dark/light background images
4.1[63] July 28, 2021
  • Accordion style stacks
  • User definable Command Chains
  • Enable silent updates for single user and standalone installs

Features

Vivaldi 1.0.228.3 displaying the Wikipedia homepage in its "Chromeless UI" mode

User interface

Vivaldi has a minimalistic user interface with basic icons and fonts, and, optionally, a color scheme that changes based on the background and design of the web page being visited.[64] The browser also allows users to customize the appearance of UI elements such as background color, overall theme, address bar and tab positioning, and start pages.[65] According to CEO Jon von Tetzchner, Vivaldi's vast, unique customizability is a huge part of how the browser caters to experienced users.[66]

Vivaldi features the ability to "stack" and "tile" tabs, annotate web pages, and add notes to bookmarks.[67][68] Furthermore, users can place digital bookmarks on a "speed dial" page for quick access and harness "quick commands" to search bookmarks, browsing history, open tabs, and settings.[69] Vivaldi is built around and based on web technologies such as HTML5, Node.js, React.js, and numerous NPM modules.[70] As of Technical Preview 4, Vivaldi also supports numerous mouse gestures for actions like tab switching and keyboard activation.[66] Vivaldi can also be set to a "Chromeless UI", which gives users more screen real-estate and the ability to focus on a single page without distractions.[71] To accommodate users who prefer to use a large number of tabs at the same time, Vivaldi supports hibernation for both individual tabs and for tab stacks, freeing resources while the user does not actively use those tabs.

As of version 4 an email client is integrated.[72]

Extensions

Vivaldi can use many browser extensions developed for Google Chrome and Firefox (they use common WebExtensions API[73]), and users can install extensions directly from the Chrome Web Store. Most of these work properly in Vivaldi, with the exception of user interface customizations due to its visual changes to the Chromium source code.[74][75]

Market share

Starting with version 2.10, Vivaldi changed its user agent string to mimic a generic build of Chromium, which results in it not being recorded as a unique browser and causing a decrease in its recorded market share.[76]

Reception

Ars Technica reviewer Scott Gilbertson wrote about version 1.0 in April 2016. He praised its innovative features, such as its tab handling, while noting that it will most likely remain a niche browser and not see widespread uptake.[77] In October 2018, Gilbertson gave version 2.0 a very positive review and stated that Vivaldi is now his usual browser and that he would be hard put to go back to a browser without its unique features.[78]

References

  1. Andrii, Degeler (April 6, 2016). "Vivaldi 1.0 tries to reverse web browser simplification trend". Ars Technica. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  2. "Vivaldi unlocks full versatility with Accordion Tabs and Command Chains". Vivaldi Blog. July 28, 2021. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
  3. "Minor update (2) for Vivaldi Android Browser 4.0". Vivaldi Blog. June 18, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  4. "Webpage translation support and a new panel design – Vivaldi Browser snapshot 2238.3". Vivaldi Blog. March 24, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  5. "Option to change application language – Vivaldi Android Browser snapshot 2252.3". Vivaldi Blog. April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
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  8. "Vivaldi version 1.13.1008.32 for Windows (7+)". Vivaldi Technologies. November 25, 2017.
  9. "Vivaldi End User License Agreement". vivaldi.com. Vivaldi Technologies. November 18, 2016. Subject to the terms and conditions herein, Vivaldi hereby grants You a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicensable license to install and use the Software and Services for its intended purpose. [...] Without limiting the foregoing, you are neither allowed to (a) adapt, alter, translate, embed into any other product or otherwise create derivative works of, or otherwise modify the Software; (b) separate the component programs of the Software for use on different computers; (c) reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to derive the source code for the Software, except as permitted by applicable law; or (d) remove, alter or obscure any proprietary notices on the Software or the applicable documentation therein.
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  73. "MDN: Browser Extensions". Extensions, or add-ons, can modify and enhance the capability of a browser. Extensions for Firefox are built using the WebExtensions API cross-browser technology. The technology for extensions in Firefox is, to a large extent, compatible with the extension API supported by Chromium-based browsers such as Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Opera. In most cases, extensions written for Chromium-based browsers run in Firefox with just a few changes.
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