Vehicle identification number

A vehicle identification number (VIN) (also called a chassis number or frame number) is a unique code, including a serial number, used by the automotive industry to identify individual motor vehicles, towed vehicles, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds, as defined in ISO 3779 (content and structure) and ISO 4030 (location and attachment).

VIN on a Chinese moped
VIN on a 1996 Porsche 993 GT2
VIN visible in the windshield
VIN recorded on a Chinese vehicle license

VINs were first used in 1954 in the United States.[1] From 1954 to 1981, there was no accepted standard for these numbers, so different manufacturers used different formats.

In 1954, at the request of the US government, US car manufacturers and the Automobile Manufacturers Association were involved in the creation of the new, standardized vehicle identification numbering system named the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) with an agreed upon digit sequence and concealed chassis markings of this VIN. Up to that time, states used the engine number to register and title cars and trucks which became a problem if the engine was replaced, which was fairly common at the time.

In 1981, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the United States standardized the format.[1] It required all on-road vehicles sold to contain a 17-character VIN, which does not include the letters O (o), I (i), and Q (q) (to avoid confusion with numerals 0, 1, and 9).

There are vehicle history services in several countries that help potential car owners use VINs to find vehicles that are defective or have been written off.

Classification

There are at least four competing standards used to calculate the VIN.

  • FMVSS 115, Part 565: Used in United States and Canada[2]
  • ISO 3779: Used in Europe and many other parts of the world
  • SAE J853: Very similar to the ISO standard
  • ADR 61/2 used in Australia, referring to ISO 3779 and 3780[3]

Components

Modern VINs are based on two related standards, originally issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1979 and 1980: ISO 3779[4] and ISO 3780,[5] respectively. Compatible but different implementations of these ISO standards have been adopted by the European Union and the United States.[6]

The VIN comprises the following sections:

Standard 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
ISO 3779 World manufacturer identifier Vehicle descriptor section Vehicle identifier section
European Union[7]

more than 500 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle" Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
European Union[7]

500 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9 Indication of "the general characteristics of the vehicle" Indication that provides "clear identification of a particular vehicle"
North America

more than 2,000 vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Sequential number
North America

2,000 or fewer vehicles/year

World manufacturer identifier 9 Vehicle attributes Check digit Model year Plant code Manufacturer identifier Sequential number
VIN in a GM-T-Platform body next to a passenger seat

World manufacturer identifier

The first three characters uniquely identify the manufacturer of the vehicle using the world manufacturer identifier or WMI code. A manufacturer who builds fewer than 1,000 vehicles per year uses a 9 as the third digit, and the 12th, 13th and 14th position of the VIN for a second part of the identification. Some manufacturers use the third character as a code for a vehicle category (e.g., bus or truck), a division within a manufacturer, or both. For example, within 1G (assigned to General Motors in the United States), 1G1 represents Chevrolet passenger cars; 1G2, Pontiac passenger cars; and 1GC, Chevrolet trucks.

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in the US assigns WMIs to countries and manufacturers.[8]

The first character of the WMI is the region in which the manufacturer is located. In practice, each is assigned to a country of manufacture, although in Europe the country where the continental headquarters is located can assign the WMI to all vehicles produced in that region (Example: Opel/Vauxhall cars whether produced in Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom or Poland carry a WMI of W0L because Adam Opel AG is based in Rüsselsheim, Germany).

In the notation below, assume that letters precede numbers and that zero is the last number. For example, 8X–82 denotes the range 8X, 8Y, 8Z, 81, 82, excluding 80.[8]

Country or region codes

A–H = Africa J–R = Asia S–Z = Europe 1–5 = North America 6–7 = Oceania 8–9 = South America

AA-AH South Africa
AJ-AN Cote d'Ivoire
AP-A0 unassigned
AR-AL Algeria
BA-BE Angola
BF-BK Kenya
BL-BR Tanzania
BS-B0 unassigned
CA-CE Benin
CF-CK Madagascar
CL-CR Tunisia
CS-C0 unassigned
DA-DE Egypt
DF-DK Morocco
DL-DR Zambia
DS-D0 unassigned
EA-EE Ethiopia
EF-EK Mozambique
EL-E0 unassigned
FA-FE Ghana
FF-FK Nigeria
FL-F0 unassigned
GA-G0 unassigned
HA-H0 unassigned

J Japan
KA-KE Sri Lanka
KF-KK Israel
KL-KR Korea (South)
KS Jordan
KS-K0 Kazakhstan
L China (Mainland)
MA-ME, MZ India
MF-MK Indonesia
ML-MR Thailand
MS-M0 Myanmar
NA-NE Iran
NF-NK Pakistan
NL-NR Turkey
NS-N0 unassigned
PA-PE Philippines
PF-PK Singapore
PL-PR Malaysia
PS-P0 unassigned
RA-RE United Arab Emirates
RF-RK Taiwan
RL-RR Vietnam
RS-R0 Saudi Arabia

SA-SM United Kingdom
SN-ST Germany (formerly East Germany)
SU-SZ Poland
S1-S4 Latvia
S5-S0 unassigned
TA-TH Switzerland
TJ-TP Czech Republic
TR-TV Hungary
TW-T1 Portugal
T2-T0 unassigned
UA-UG unassigned
UH-UM Denmark
UN-UT Ireland
UU-UZ Romania
U1-U4 unassigned
U5-U7 Slovakia
U8-U0 unassigned
VA-VE Austria
VF-VR France
VS-VW Spain
VX-V2 Serbia
V3-V5 Croatia
V6-V0 Estonia
W Germany (formerly West Germany)
XA-XE Bulgaria
XF-XK Greece
XL-XR Netherlands
XS-XW Russia (former USSR)
XX-X2 Luxembourg
X3-X0 Russia
YA-YE Belgium
YF-YK Finland
YL-YR Malta
YS-YW Sweden
YX-Y2 Norway
Y3-Y5 Belarus
Y6-Y0 Ukraine
ZA-ZR Italy
ZS-ZW unassigned
ZX-Z2 Slovenia
Z3-Z5 Lithuania
Z6-Z0 unassigned

1, 4, or 5 United States
2 Canada
3A-3W Mexico
3X-37 Costa Rica
38-39 Cayman Islands
30 unassigned

6 Australia
7 New Zealand

8A-8E Argentina
8F-8K Chile
8L-8R Ecuador
8S-8W Peru
8X-82 Venezuela
82-82 Bolivia
83-80 unassigned
9A-9E Brazil
9F-9K Colombia
9L-9R Paraguay
9S-9W Uruguay
9X-92 Trinidad & Tobago
93–99 Brazil
90 unassigned

Vehicle descriptor section

The fourth to ninth positions in the VIN are the vehicle descriptor section or VDS. This is used, according to local regulations, to identify the vehicle type, and may include information on the automobile platform used, the model, and the body style. Each manufacturer has a unique system for using this field. Most manufacturers since the 1980s have used the eighth digit to identify the engine type whenever there is more than one engine choice for the vehicle. Example: for the 2007 Chevrolet Corvette, U is for a 6.0-liter V8 engine, and E is for a 7.0-liter V8.

North American check digits

One element that is inconsistent is the use of position nine as a check digit, compulsory for vehicles in North America and China, but not Europe.

Vehicle identifier section

The 10th to 17th positions are used as the vehicle identifier section or VIS. This is used by the manufacturer to identify the individual vehicle in question. This may include information on options installed or engine and transmission choices, but often is a simple sequential number. In North America, the last five digits must be numeric.

Model year encoding

One consistent element of the VIS is the 10th digit, which is required worldwide to encode the model year of the vehicle. Besides the three letters that are not allowed in the VIN itself (I, O and Q), the letters U and Z and the digit 0 are not used for the model year code. The year code is the model year for the vehicle.

The year 1980 was encoded by some manufacturers, especially General Motors and Chrysler, as "A" (since the 17-digit VIN was not mandatory until 1981, and the "A" or zero was in the manufacturer's pre-1981 placement in the VIN), yet Ford and AMC still used a zero for 1980. Subsequent years increment through the allowed letters, so that "Y" represents the year 2000. 2001 to 2009 are encoded as the digits 1 to 9, and subsequent years are encoded as "A", "B", "C", etc.

CodeYearCodeYearCodeYearCodeYearCodeYearCodeYear
A1980L1990Y2000A2010L2020Y2030
B1981M199112001B2011M202112031
C1982N199222002C2012N202222032
D1983P199332003D2013P202332033
E1984R199442004E2014R202442034
F1985S199552005F2015S202552035
G1986T199662006G2016T202662036
H1987V199772007H2017V202772037
J1988W199882008J2018W202882038
K1989X199992009K2019X202992039

On April 30, 2008, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration adopted a final rule amending 49 CFR Part 565, "so that the current 17 character vehicle identification number (VIN) system, which has been in place for almost 30 years, can continue in use for at least another 30 years", in the process making several changes to the VIN requirements applicable to all motor vehicles manufactured for sale in the United States. There are three notable changes to the VIN structure that affect VIN deciphering systems:

  • The make may only be identified after looking at positions one through three and another position, as determined by the manufacturer in the second section or fourth to eighth segment of the VIN.
  • In order to identify the exact year in passenger cars and multipurpose passenger vehicles with a GVWR of 10,000 or less, one must read position 7 as well as position 10. For passenger cars, and for multipurpose passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) or less, if position seven is numeric, the model year in position 10 of the VIN refers to a year in the range 1980–2009.[9] If position seven is alphabetic, the model year in position 10 of VIN refers to a year in the range 2010–2039.
  • The model year for vehicles with a GVWR greater than 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), as well as buses, motorcycles, trailers and low-speed vehicles, may no longer be identified within a 30-year range. VIN characters 1–8 and 10 that were assigned from 1980–2009 can be repeated beginning with the 2010 model year.

Plant code

Compulsory in North America and China is the use of the 11th character to identify the assembly plant at which the vehicle was built. Each manufacturer has its own set of plant codes.

Production number

In the United States and China, the 12th to 17th digits are the vehicle's serial or production number. This is unique to each vehicle, and every manufacturer uses its own sequence.

Check-digit calculation

A check-digit validation is used for all road vehicles sold in the United States and Canada.

When trying to validate a VIN with a check digit, first either (a) remove the check digit for the purpose of calculation or (b) use a weight of zero (see below) to cancel it out. The original value of the check digit is then compared with the calculated value. If the calculated value is 0–9, the check digit must match the calculated value. If the calculated value is 10, the check digit must be X. If the two values do not match (and there was no error in the calculation), then there is a mistake in the VIN. However, a match does not prove the VIN is correct, because there is still a 1/11 chance that any two distinct VINs have a matching check digit: for example, the valid VINs 5GZCZ43D13S812715 (correct with leading five) and SGZCZ43D13S812715 (incorrect with leading character "S"). The VINs in the Porsche image, WP0ZZZ99ZTS392124, and the GM-T body image, KLATF08Y1VB363636, do not pass the North American check-digit verification.

Transliterating the numbers

Transliteration consists of removing all of the letters, and replacing them with their appropriate numerical counterparts. These numerical alternatives (based on IBM's EBCDIC) are in the following chart. I, O, and Q are not allowed in a valid VIN; for this chart, they have been filled in with N/A (not applicable). Numerical digits use their own values.

Transliteration key: values for VIN decoding
A: 1B: 2C: 3D: 4E: 5F: 6G: 7H: 8N/A
J: 1K: 2L: 3M: 4N: 5N/AP: 7N/AR: 9
N/AS: 2T: 3U: 4V: 5W: 6X: 7Y: 8Z: 9

S is 2, and not 1. There is no left-alignment linearity.

Weights used in calculation

The following is the weight factor for each position in the VIN. The 9th position is that of the check digit. It has been substituted with a 0, which will cancel it out in the multiplication step.

Weight factor table
Position 1234567891011121314151617
Weight 876543210098765432

Worked example

Consider the hypothetical VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788, where the underscore will be the check digit.

VIN 1M8GDM9AKP042788
Value 14874491027042788
Weight 876543210098765432
Products 8284835161218100185602410282416
  1. The VIN's value is calculated from the above transliteration table. This number is used in the rest of the calculation.
  2. Copy the weights from the weight factor row above.
  3. The products row is the result of the multiplication of the columnsin the Value and Weight rows.
  4. The products (8, 28, 48, 35 ... 24, 16) are all added together to yield a sum, 351.
  5. Find the remainder after dividing by 11
    351 MOD 11 = 10
    351 ÷ 11 = 311011
  6. The remainder is the check digit. If the remainder is 10, the check digit is X. In this example, the remainder is 10, so the check digit is transliterated as X.

With a check digit of X, the VIN 1M8GDM9A_KP042788 is written 1M8GDM9AXKP042788.

A VIN with straight-ones (seventeen consecutive 1s) has the nice feature that its check digit 1 matches the calculated value 1. This is because a value of one multiplied by 89 (sum of weights) is 89, and 89 divided by 11 is 8 with remainder 111; thus 1 is the check digit. This is a way to test a VIN-check algorithm.

VIN scanning

The VIN is marked in multiple locations; normally in the lower corner of the windshield on the driver’s side, under the bonnet next to latch, at the front end of the vehicle frame, and inside the door pillar on the driver’s side.[10] On newer vehicles VINs may be optically read with barcode scanners or digital cameras, or digitally read via OBD-II. There are smartphone applications that can pass the VIN to websites to decode the VIN.

List of common WMI

The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) assigns the WMI (world manufacturer identifier) to countries and manufacturers. The following list shows a selection of world manufacturer codes.

WMICountryManufacturer

Africa

AAVSouth AfricaVolkswagen[11]
ADMGeneral Motors South Africa
ADNNissan South Africa (Pty) Ltd
AHTToyota[11]
AFA Ford
BF9KenyaKIBO Motorcycles
CL9TunisiaWallyscar
DA1 DA4EgyptArab American Vehicles Company
DAAFiat Auto Egypt Industrial Co
DABBMW Egypt SKD

Asia

J8BJapanIsuzu Motor Co/Chevrolet
JA4 Mitsubishi
JAA JAL JAMIsuzu
JC1Fiat Automobiles/Mazda
JDA JD1 Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd.
JF1 JF2 JF3Subaru - Fuji Heavy Industries
JF4 SAAB
JF5 Pontiac
JHD JHF JHH Hino[11]
JHLHonda[11]
JHMHonda[11]
JL5Mitsubishi FUSO Truck & Bus Corp
JM0Mazda for Oceania export
JM1Mazda
JMB Mitsubishi[11]
JM6Mazda[11]
JNNissan[11]
JSSuzuki[11]
JTToyota/Lexus[11]
JYYamaha[11]
KL1 KL2 KLASouth Korea Daewoo/GM Korea[11]
KMAAsia Motors Co Inc
KMH Hyundai[11]
KNA KNC KNE Kia[11]
KNMSamsung Motors Inc
KPT SsangYong[11]
L1CChinaHubei Huawei Special-Purpose Automobile
L2CChery Jaguar Land Rover
L6TGeely
LA6King Long
LB3Geely
LBEBeijing Hyundai
LBVBMW Brilliance
LC0 BYD Industry
LDCDongfeng Peugeot-Citroën
LDNSouth East Motor Co Ltd
LE4Beijing Benz
LFAFord Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
LFM FAW Toyota
LFPFAW Car
LFVFAW-Volkswagen
LGB Dongfeng Nissan
LGJDongfeng Fengshen
LGW Great Wall ( Havel)
LGXBYD Auto
LH1 FAW Haima
LHG Guangzhou Honda
LJ1 JAC
LJDDongfeng Yueda Kia
LJUShanghai Maple Automobile Co.
LLV Lifan
LMG GAC Trumpchi
LPA Changan PSA (DS Automobiles)
LPSPolestar
LS5Changan Suzuki
LRW Tesla
LSFSAIC Maxus
LSG SAIC General Motors
LSJ SAIC MG
LSVSAIC Volkswagen
LTV FAW Toyota (Tianjin)
LUXDongfeng Yulon Motor Co. Ltd
LVGGAC Toyota
LVHDongfeng Honda
LVRChangan Mazda
LVSChangan Ford
LVVChery
LWVGAC Fiat
LZW SAIC GM Wuling
LZYYutong
MA1India Mahindra
MA3 Maruti Suzuki India Limited| Maruti| Suzuki
MA6General Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MA7Hindustan Motors Ltd
MAJFord India Ltd.
MAKHonda Motor India Pvt. Ltd.
MALHyundai Motors India Ltd
MATTata Engineering & Locomotive Co
MB1Ashok Leyland Ltd
MBHMaruti Suzuki Automobiles India Limited
MBJToyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt Ltd
MBKMAN Truck & Bus India Pvt. Ltd
MBUSwaraj Vehicles Limited
MBVPremier Car World Pvt. Ltd
MBYAsia Motor Works good vehicle Ltd
MC1Force Motors Limited
MC2Eicher Motors Limited
MC4Dilip chhabria design pvt ltd
MCAFCA India Automobiles Pvt. Ltd
MCBGeneral Motors India Pvt. Ltd.
MCLInternational Cars And Motors Ltd
MD2Bajaj Auto Ltd
MDHNissan Motor India Pvt Ltd
MECDaimler India Commercial Vehicles Pvt. Ltd.
MEERenault Nissan Automobiles Pvt Ltd
MH1Indonesia PT Astra Honda Motor
MLHThailandHonda
MM0Mazda
MM8Mazda (Ford-Mazda AAT plant)[12]
MMBMitsubishi[11]
MMFBMW[13]
MMH Tata[14]
MMKToyota (Auto Works plant)[15]
MMMChevrolet[16]
MML MG[16]
MMRSubaru[17]
MMSSuzuki[18]
MMTMitsubishi[19]
MNBFord (Ford-Mazda AAT plant)[20]
MNKHino Motors Manufacturing Thailand Co Ltd
MNTNissan
MPAIMCT Isuzu Motors Company Thailand
MPBFord (FTM plant)[21]
MP5 Foton[22]
MRHHonda
MR0Toyota (Ban Pho and Samrong plant)[23]
MR2Toyota (Gateway plant)[24]
MS0Myanmar Kia
NAAIranIrankhodro Company
NADSaipa Diesel
NAGBahman Industrial Group
NAPPars Khodro
NFBPakistanHonda Atlas Cars Pakistan Ltd
NLCTurkeyAskam Kamyon Imalat Ve Tic.A.S.
NMA MAN[11]
NMTToyota
NM0Ford Otosan
NM1Oyak-Renault Oto Fab AS
NM4Tofas Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi AS
PABPhilippinesIsuzu Philippines Corporation
PL1Malaysia Proton
PL8 Hyundai/Inokom
PLPSubaru
PLZISUZU
PMHHonda
PML Hicom
PM1BMW
PM2Perodua
PM9Bufori
PMK Honda Boon Siew
PMNModenas
PMV Yamaha Hong Leong
PNA Naza/Kia/Peugeot
PNA Peugeot
PNV Volvo Cars
PN1 PN2 Toyota
PN8 Nissan
PP1Mazda
PP3 Hyundai
PPPSuzuki
PPVVolkswagen
PR8Ford
PRA Sinotruk
PRHChery
RF5TaiwanYulon Motor Co Ltd
RFDTai Ling Motor Co Ltd
RFG SYM Motors
RHAFord Lio Ho Motor Co Ltd
RKJ Prince Motors Taiwan
RKLKuozui Motors
RKM China Motor Corporation
RKT Honda Taiwan
RLEVietnamIsuzu Vietnam Co Ltd

Europe

SA9United KingdomMorgan Motor Company
SABOptare
SAJ Jaguar
SALLand Rover[11]
SAR Rover[11]
SAT Triumph[11]
SB1Toyota[11]
SBMMcLaren Automotive[11]
SC6INEOS Automotive Limited[11]
SCCLotus Cars[11]
SCFAston Martin Lagonda Limited[11]
SCE DeLorean
SCKIfor Williams Trailers
SDBTalbot Motor Co Ltd
SFDAlexander Dennis
SFE Alexander Dennis (North America)
SHHHonda[11]
SHSHonda[11]
SJK SJNNissan[11]
SUDPolandWielton
SUPFabryka Samochodow Osobowych
TCCSwitzerland Micro Compact Car[11]
TEBUK/SwitzerlandJohnston sweeper (Bucher)
TMACzech Republic Hyundai[11]
TMB Škoda[11]
TRUHungaryAudi[11]
TSM Suzuki[11]
TW8PortugalGeneral Motors De Portugal Lda
U5YSlovakia Kia[11]
UURomania Dacia[11]
VA0AustriaÖAF[11]
VBKKTM[11]
VF1FranceRenault[11]
VF2Renault[11]
VF3Peugeot[11]
VF4Talbot[11]
VF5 Iveco Unic SA[11]
VF6Renault Trucks/Volvo[11]
VF7Citroën[11]
VF8 Matra/Talbot/Simca[11]
VF9Bugatti[11]
VFE IvecoBus
VNKToyota
VR1DS Automobiles
VS7SpainCitroën
VSESantana Motor SA
VSKNissan Motor Iberica SA, Nissan Passenger & Multi-Purpose Vehicle
VSSSEAT[11]
VSXOpel Automobile Espana,SA
VV9Tauro Sport Auto
VX1SerbiaSour Zavodi
WAC Arge Audi/Porsche [25]
WAGGermanyNeoplan[11]
WAUAudi[11]
WAPAlpina[11]
WBABMW[11]
WBSBMW M[11]
WBXBMW[11]
WDBMercedes-Benz[11]
WDC WDD WMX DaimlerChrysler AG/Daimler AG[11]
WEBEvoBus[11]
WF0Ford of Europe[11]
WJMIveco
WJRIrmscher[11]
WKKKarl Kässbohrer Fahrzeugwerke[11]
WMA MAN[11]
WME Smart[11]
WMW Mini[11]
WP0Porsche car[11]
WP1Porsche SUV[11]
WUA Quattro[11]
WVGVolkswagen[11]
WVWVolkswagen[11]
WV1Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles[11]
WV2Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles[11]
W08Adam Opel AG Belgium
W09Ruf Automobile[11]
W0LOpel/ Vauxhall[11]
W0SVOpel Special Vehicles[11]
XLRNetherlandsDAF Trucks[11]
XTARussiaAvtoVAZ[11]
XTB AZLK[11]
XU1UAZ Special Purpose Vehicles Ltd
XUFGeneral Motors Auto
XWBUzbekistánDaewoo GM Uzbekistán
Y6DUkraineZaporiz'kyi avtozavod
YK1Finland Saab[11]
YS2Sweden Scania, Södertälje[11]
YS3 Saab[11]
YS4Scania, Katrineholm[11]
YTN Saab NEVS
YV1Volvo Cars[11]
YV2Volvo Trucks[11]
YV3Volvo Buses[11]
YT9Koenigsegg Automotive AB[26]
ZA9Italy Bugatti Automobili S.p.A
ZAAAutobianchi
ZAMMaserati[11]
ZAPPiaggio[27]
ZARAlfa Romeo[11]
ZCFIveco[11]
ZFA Fiat[11]
ZFFFerrari[11]
ZGA IvecoBus[11]
ZHWLamborghini[11]
ZLALancia[11]

North America

1BUnited StatesDodge[11]
1CChrysler[11]
1F Ford[11]
1GGeneral Motors[11]
1G1Chevrolet
1G3Oldsmobile
1G4Buick[28]
1G9Google
1GBChevrolet incomplete vehicles[28]
1GCChevrolet
1GDGMC incomplete vehicles[28]
1GM Pontiac
1HGHonda[11]
1JJeep[11]
1L Lincoln[11]
1M Mercury[11]
1MR Continental[11]
1NNissan
1VWVolkswagen[11]
1YVMazda[11]
1ZVFord
19UHonda[11]
2DGCanada Ontario Drive & Gear
2F Ford[11]
2GxGeneral Motors[11]
2G1Chevrolet
2G2 Pontiac
2G9Gnome Homes
2HGHonda
2HHAcura
2HJHonda
2HKHonda
2HM Hyundai
2L9Les Contenants Durabac
2LN Lincoln[11]
2M Mercury[11]
2TToyota
3FMexico Ford
3GGeneral Motors[11]
3HGHonda[11]
3HMHonda
3KPKia[11]
3MWBMW
3NNissan[11]
3VWVolkswagen[11]
4FUnited StatesMazda[11]
4JMercedes-Benz[11]
4M Mercury
4S2Isuzu Motors America Inc
4S3Subaru[11]
4S4Subaru[11]
4S6Honda
4TToyota[11]
4USBMW[11]
5FNHonda[11]
5FRHonda[11]
5GHummer
5J6Honda[11]
5L Lincoln
5N1Nissan
5NM Hyundai
5NP Hyundai
5TToyota[11]
5UBMW[11]
5X Hyundai/ Kia
5YJ Tesla[11]
55Mercedes-Benz[11]

Oceania

6FAustralia Ford[11]
6GGeneral Motors
6G1Chevrolet
6G2 Pontiac
6HHolden
6MM Mitsubishi[11]
6T1Toyota
6T9 Trailer
6U9see note below
7A1New Zealand Mitsubishi
7A3Honda
7A4Toyota
7A5 Ford
7A8NZ Transport Agency (pre-2009)
7ATNZ Transport Agency (post-2009)

North America

7FAUnited StatesHonda
7JRVolvo

South America

829BoliviaQuantum
8APArgentinaFiat
8AFFord[11]
8AGGeneral Motors
8AWVolkswagen
8AJToyota
8A1Renault
8ACMercedes Benz
8BBAgrale Argentina S.A
8BCCitroën
8ADPeugeot
8ANNissan
8C3Honda
8ATIveco
8G1 8GDChileAutomotores Franco Chilena S.A
8GGGeneral Motors Chile S.A
8LBEcuadorGeneral Motors OBB
8LF Maresa
8LGAymesa
8Z1VenezuelaGeneral Motors Venezolana C.A.
9AMBrazilMassari
9BDFiat Automóveis
9BGGeneral Motors
9BWVolkswagen[11]
9BFFord
93HHonda
9BRToyota
936Peugeot
935Citroën
93P Volare
93YRenault
93XSouza Ramos - Mitsubishi / Suzuki
9BH Hyundai
95P CAOA / Hyundai
94DNissan
94GIndabra
94MHVR-Busscar
94NRWM Brazil
98RChery
988Jeep
98MBMW
9BMMercedes-Benz
9BNMafersa
99AAudi
99L BYD
99JJaguar Land Rover
9C2Honda Motorcycles[11]
9C6Yamaha[11]
9CD Suzuki (motorcycles)
93VInternational Navistar
93WFiat Professional
93ZIveco
953 VW Trucks / MAN
9BSScania
9BVVolvo Trucks
9BYAgrale S/A
9FBColombiaRenault
9FCCompañía Colombiana Automotriz S.A
9GCGeneral Motors Colmotores S.A
9UJUruguayChery
9UK Lifan
9UWKia

Note: Vehicles to be registered in Australia without a 17 character VIN[29]

See also

  • Builder's plate
  • Danish bicycle VIN-system
  • Engine number
  • Name plate
  • Serial number
  • VIN etching
  • RPO Code

References

  1. "Vehicle Identification Numbers (VINs)". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  2. "eCFR – Code of Federal Regulations – Title 49: Transportation – PART 565—VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (VIN) REQUIREMENTS". www.ecfr.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  3. "ComLaw Legislative Instruments – Vehicle Standard (Australian Design Rule 61/02 – Vehicle Marking) 2005 (ADR 61/02)". Comlaw.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  4. ISO 3779:2009 Road vehicles—Vehicle identification number (VIN)—Content and structure
  5. ISO 3780:2009 Road vehicles—World manufacturer identifier (WMI) code
  6. "United States Federal VIN Requirements (Title 49, Chapter V, Part 565)". Access.gpo.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  7. "Directive 76/114/EEC - Automotive - Enterprise and Industry". European Commission. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  8. "ISO 3780:2009 Road vehicles – World manufacturer identifier (WMI) code". ISO. 2009-10-05. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  9. "49 CFR § 565.15 - Content requirements". Legal Information Institute. US: Cornell University. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  10. Miller, Tim (2019-04-27). "VIN Numbers: What Are They And What Do They Tell You?". Garatos. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  11. "List of manufacturers of motor vehicles and their trailers - numerical - SV 3.2" (PDF). Germany: Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt. 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  12. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/cc4463140bb246a89a2c4daefcd5e75e
  13. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/093082806ad44a8fa85aa1be049fac6c
  14. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/7d35eaf890b845f4aaa13b1974c8a598
  15. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/ce90d22945fb422598d4bc419a324dca
  16. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/bad2975e9abb403b8cbe8b167afd93d1
  17. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/7549929fdb2f4328b1ba3844b6a97146
  18. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/58c7a77bd33e49a6a6be0103dda35f20
  19. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/fba3638129224e87993e0aa700c75af8
  20. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/31c0027f349c47a8a36c315bcd970477
  21. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/65710f4c794e44388ea4d6519e6b1fe6
  22. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4CT/ba1b29ef16734c76b289b99eceb24e6e
  23. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/5abe5eff4d4a47d2883cd7a604124bfb
  24. http://www.car.go.th//api/render/tagImageEcoA4grayCT/47ae10d50bf448659c59b970cf710442
  25. Chilton, Chris (2017-04-11). "Audi RS2: buying guide". DriveTribe. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  26. "Re: VIN Information pursuant to 49 CFR 565.7 KOENIGSEGG" (PDF). US: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  27. "Modern Vespa : VIN Decoding". modernvespa.com. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  28. "Revision to General Motors' Vehicle Identification Number decoding for 2016 Model Year" (PDF). US: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2015-01-12. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  29. "Importing vehicles without a 17 character VIN". NEVDIS.
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