UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03:00. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours earlier than the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2019-02-08T23:36:06+03:00.

Time zone
World map with the time zone highlighted
UTC offset
Current time
09:35, 3 July 2021 UTC+03:00 [refresh]
Central meridian
45 degrees E
Date-time group
UTC+03:00 – 2011: orange (DST Northern Hemisphere), yellow (all year round), light blue (sea areas)
Time in Europe:
Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Western European Summer Time / British Summer Time / Irish Standard Time (UTC+1)
Central European Time (UTC+1)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Time / Kaliningrad Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
Moscow Time / Turkey Time (UTC+3)
pale colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where a summer time is observed
Time in Russia
  KALT Kaliningrad Time UTC+2 (MSK1)
  MSK Moscow Time UTC+3 (MSK±0)
  SAMT Samara Time UTC+4 (MSK+1)
  YEKT Yekaterinburg Time UTC+5 (MSK+2)
  OMST Omsk Time UTC+6 (MSK+3)
  KRAT Krasnoyarsk Time UTC+7 (MSK+4)
  IRKT Irkutsk Time UTC+8 (MSK+5)
  YAKT Yakutsk Time UTC+9 (MSK+6)
  VLAT Vladivostok Time UTC+10 (MSK+7)
  MAGT Magadan Time UTC+11 (MSK+8)
  PETT Kamchatka Time UTC+12 (MSK+9)
Time zones of Africa:
 -01:00  Cape Verde Time[a]
 ±00:00  Greenwich Mean Time
  • Central Africa Time
  • Eastern European Time
  • Egypt Standard Time
  • South African Standard Time
 +03:00  East Africa Time
  • Mauritius Time[b]
  • Seychelles Time[b]
a The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.
b Mauritius and the Seychelles are to the east and north-east of Madagascar respectively.
Time in the Middle East
    UTC+02:00 Egypt Standard Time

Eastern European Time /
Israel Standard Time /
Palestine Standard Time
Eastern European Summer Time /
Israel Summer Time /
Palestine Summer Time
    UTC+03:00 Arabia Standard Time /
Turkey Time
Iran Standard Time
Iran Daylight Time
    UTC+04:00 Gulf Standard Time
Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight saving time is observed.

As standard time (all year round)

Principal cities: Moscow, Istanbul, Riyadh, Baghdad, Nairobi, Addis Ababa


Most of European Russia, including Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don, Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land. From October 26, 2014 Moscow and most other parts of European Russia started using UTC+03:00 again, all year around.[1] Also on September 7, 2016, Turkey started using UTC+03:00 all year round.[2][3] Besides the names mentioned above, the name 'Eastern Europe Forward Time' (EEFT) is sometimes used.

  •  Belarus
  •  Russia - Moscow Time[4]
    • Central Federal District
    • North Caucasian Federal District
    • Northwestern Federal District
    • Southern Federal District
      • Except Astrakhan Oblast
    • Volga Federal District
      • Except Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk Oblast, Bashkortostan, Orenburg Oblast and Perm Krai
    • Volgograd Oblast
  •  Turkey - Time in Turkey
  •  Ukraine

Caucasus region


Arabia Standard Time

Arabia Standard Time, or AST (indicated by KSA on some Arabic TV stations), is used by some of the countries in the Middle East. As this time zone is predominantly in the equatorial region, there is no significant change in day length throughout the year, so daylight saving time is not observed. Between 1982 and 2007, Iraq observed Arabia Daylight Time (UTC+04:00) but the government abolished DST in March 2008.[13][14]

Arabia Standard Time is used by the following countries:

As daylight saving time (Northern Hemisphere summer only)

Principal cities: Kyiv, Bucharest, Athens, Jerusalem, Sofia


Middle East

Discrepancies between official UTC+03:00 and geographical UTC+03:00

Areas located in UTC+03:00 longitudes using other time zones

Using UTC+04:00

Caucasus region:

Russia, with parts of its territories:

  • Astrakhan, Samara, Saratov and Ulyanovsk (with an exception of the very east)
  • Western half of the of Udmurtia

United Arab Emirates

  • The westernmost region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi


  • Aldabra Group
    • Cosmoledo Atoll
  • Farquhar Group

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

  • Crozet Islands

Using UTC+02:00

Ukraine (standard time)

  • The easternmost part, including Luhansk

Syria (standard time)

  • The eastern part, including Manbij

Jordan (standard time)

  • The eastern part, including Ruwaished


  • The very easternmost part in the country


  • The mostly northeast, including Montepuez and Nampula

Areas between 67°30′ E and 82°30′ E ("physical" UTC+05:00)


  • The very east of Severny Island with 69°2' E as the easternmost point

Areas between 52°30' E and 67°30' E ("physical" UTC+04:00)


  • Socotra, the largest island in the Socotra Archipelago
  • The very easternmost part of Al-Mahrah

Saudi Arabia

  • The easternmost part of Syarqiyah


  • Most of Franz Josef Land, Yuzhny Island, and most of Severny Island (with an exception of the very east)
  • Some parts of the Russian mainland (Komi Republic, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, east of Kirov Oblast and Tatarstan)

Areas between 22°30' E and 37°30' E ("physical" UTC+02:00)


  • The western part, including Mwanza and Mbeya



  • The western part, including nation's capital Nairobi


  • The western part, including Nekemte and Jimma

Saudi Arabia

  • The very northwest part, including Tabuk


  • Most parts of the country, including Istanbul and nation's capital Ankara


  • Part of Donetsk and Luhansk regions




  1. The westernmost point at UTC+03:00 is the westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast (27°19' E). the time zone employed there (corresponding to 60°E) is 33°41' E of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 14 minutes ahead of physical time, making for the largest discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00. This is the largest discrepancy overall for UTC+03:00.
  2. The easternmost point at UTC+03:00 is Cape Zhelaniya, Severny Island, Novaya Zemlya, Russia (69°06' E). the time zone employed there (corresponding to 45°E) is 24°06' W of physical time, i.e. roughly 1 hour and 36 minutes behind physical time, making for the largest discrepancy between time used and physical time for UTC+03:00.
  3. On February 8, 2011, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev issued a decree cancelling daylight saving time in Russia. Under the decree, all clocks in Russia advanced by 1 hour on March 27, 2011, but did not change back the following October, effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+03:00 permanently, and Moscow Time UTC+04:00 permanently, this proved unpopular because of the dark mornings, children walking to school and people going to work in complete darkness. On October 26, 2014, Russia permanently returned to standard time by setting the clocks back by 1 hour effectively making Kaliningrad Time UTC+02:00 permanently and Moscow Time UTC+03:00 permanently.
  4. Ukraine had UTC+02:00 plus regularly EEST from 1990 till 2011 (in years 1981–1990 Moscow Summer Time) until the Ukrainian parliament added 1 hour "on the territory of Ukraine from March 27, 2011" and canceled daylight saving time on September 20, 2011 de facto making EEST (UTC+03:00) the new standard time.[15] After strong criticism from the mass media, on 18 October 2011 the Ukrainian parliament cancelled its previous decision.[16]

See also

  • Time in Antarctica – some stations use this time zone
  • Time in Ethiopia
  • Time in Russia
  • Time in Turkey


  1. Russia returns to European DST in October 2014
  2. "Turkey Stays on Daylight Saving Time for Good". Time and Date. September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  3. "Occupied Northern Cyprus to Follow Turkey Time". September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
  4. "Russia Time Zone Map". WorldTimeZone.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  5. "Ukraine: Luhansk and Donetsk move to Moscow Time". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  6. "DPR and LPR switch over to Moscow time". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  7. "DST News - Donetsk and Lugansk Republics UTC+2 will join Moscow time zone UTC+3 at 3am on October 26 2014". www.worldtimezone.com. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  8. "Transition to winter time will take place in Abkhazia in parallel with Russia - Vestnik Kavkaza". vestnikkavkaza.net. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  9. "Current Times In Bassas da India..." Time Genie. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  10. "Current Time In Europa Island, Europa Island..." Time Genie. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  11. "Current Times In Juan de Nova Island..." Time Genie. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  12. "World Time Zone Map Section # 19". WorldTimeZone.com. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  13. "AST – Arabia Standard Time". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  14. "Winter time change will be abandoned this year". cnnturk.com. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  15. Ukraine cancels use of daylight saving time, Kyiv Post (September 20, 2011)
  16. "Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated)". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
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