UEFA

The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA; /jˈfə/ yoo-AY-fə; French: Union des associations européennes de football;[lower-alpha 1] German: Union der europäischen Fußballverbände)[lower-alpha 2] is the administrative body for football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

Union of European Football Associations
AbbreviationUEFA
Formation15 June 1954 (1954-06-15)
Founded atBasel, Switzerland
TypeFootball organisation
HeadquartersNyon, Switzerland
Coordinates46.371009°N 6.23103°E / 46.371009; 6.23103
Region served
Europe
Membership
55 full member associations
Official languages
English
French
German
(other main but not official: Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish)[1]
President
Aleksander Čeferin[2]
First vice-president
Karl-Erik Nilsson
Vice-presidents
Zbigniew Boniek Sándor Csányi
Luis Rubiales
Fernando Gomes
Michele Uva
General secretary
Theodore Theodoridis
Main organ
UEFA Congress
Parent organization
FIFA
Websiteuefa.com

UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, planned UEFA Europa Conference League, and UEFA Super Cup, and controls the prize money, regulations, and media rights to those competitions.

Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president. The current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, who was elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, and automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA.[3]

History and membership

UEFA headquarters in Nyon, Switzerland

UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian, French, and Belgian associations.[4] At the founding meeting, 25 members were present. However, 6 other associations which were not present were still recognised as founding members, bringing the total of founding associations to 31.[5] UEFA grew to more than 50 members by the mid-1990s, as new associations were born out of the fragmentation of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia into their constituent states.

Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and later in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland.

UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe (48 out of 55 members are sovereign UN member states), although there are some exceptions. One UN member state (Monaco) and one UN observer state (Vatican City) are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law. These include Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales (countries of the United Kingdom), Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory), the Faroe Islands (constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark), and Kosovo (state with limited recognition), however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity.

Some UEFA members are transcontinental states (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey) and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically (Armenia and Cyprus). Countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) were also admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel (because it had been banned from the AFC group in 1974) and Kazakhstan.

Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition. AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League (though a separate sovereign entity); Welsh clubs Cardiff City, Swansea City and Newport County A.F.C. participate in the English League; Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtenstein teams play in the Swiss Leagues, as Liechtenstein has no internal league [6] and only a cup competition.

National teams represented by UEFA are known for being successful throughout the history of the FIFA World Cup. Out of 21 tournaments so far, European teams have won 12 World Cup titles. Italy and Germany have four titles each, followed by France with two titles and England and Spain, winning once each. The national associations of these countries also are responsible for organizing the so-called "Big Five European Leagues", consisting of Spain's La Liga, England's Premier League, Germany's Bundesliga, Italy's Serie A and France's Ligue 1.

Executive committee

Members

CodeAssociationNational teamsFoundedFIFA
affiliation
UEFA
affiliation
ALB Albania
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193019321954
AND Andorra
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199419961996
ARM Armenia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199219921992
AUT Austria
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190419051954
AZE Azerbaijan
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199219941994
BLR Belarus
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
198919921993
BEL Belgium
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
189519041954
BIH Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
194619961998
BUL Bulgaria
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192319241954
CRO Croatia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
191219921993
CYP Cyprus
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193419481962
CZE Czech Republic
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190119071954
DEN Denmark
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
188919041954
ENG England
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
186319051954
EST Estonia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192119231992
FRO Faroe Islands
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
197919881990
FIN Finland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190719081954
FRA France
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
1919[n 1]1904[n 2]1954
GEO Georgia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199019921992
GER Germany190019041954
GIB Gibraltar
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
189520162013
GRE Greece
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192619271954
HUN Hungary
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190119061954
ISL Iceland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
1947[n 3]19471954
ISR Israel[n 4]
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192819291994[n 5]
ITA Italy
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
189819051954
KAZ Kazakhstan[n 6]
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199419942002
KOS Kosovo
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
200820162016
LVA Latvia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192119221992
LIE Liechtenstein
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193419741974
LTU Lithuania
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192219231992
LUX Luxembourg
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190819101954
MLT Malta
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190019591960
MDA Moldova
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199019941993
MNE Montenegro
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193120072007
NED Netherlands
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
188919041954
MKD North Macedonia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192619941994
NIR Northern Ireland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
188019111954
NOR Norway
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190219081954
POL Poland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
1919[n 7]19231954
POR Portugal
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
191419231954
IRL Republic of Ireland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192119231954
ROU Romania
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190919231954
RUS Russia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
191219121954
SMR San Marino
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193119881988
SCO Scotland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
187319101954
SRB Serbia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
191919231954
SVK Slovakia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
193819941993
SVN Slovenia
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192019921992
ESP Spain
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190919041954
SWE Sweden
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
190419041954
SUI  Switzerland
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
189519041954
TUR Turkey
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
192319231962
UKR Ukraine
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
199119921992
WAL Wales
  • Men's
    • U21
    • U19
    • U17
    • F
    • BS
  • Women's
    • U19
    • U17
187619101954
Notes
  1. Founded as Comité Français Interfédéral in 1907, a predecessor to the current federation.
  2. The current French FA, the French Football Federation (in its previous incarnation, the Comité Français Interfédéral), replaced the USFSA in 1907.
  3. Icelandic top-flight club football dates back to 1912 or 35 years prior to founding of KSI, All titles pre-1947 are recognized by KSI
  4. Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1954–1974), joined UEFA as several AFC teams refused to play against them. See also Foreign relations of Israel and International recognition of Israel.
  5. Israel had been an associated member of UEFA since 1992, therefore Israeli clubs were entitled to take part in the 1992–93 and 1993–94 UEFA club competitions despite Israel not being a full UEFA member.
  6. Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1994–2002), joined UEFA.
  7. Founded as Związek Polski Piłki Nożnej (part of the disintegrated Austrian Football Union) in 1911, a predecessor to the current federation.

Former members

  • Saarland Football Union (1954–1956), joined Football Association of West Germany
  • Football Association of East Germany (1954–1990), joined Football Association of West Germany as German Football Association
  • Football Federation of the Soviet Union (1954–1991); in 1992 the Soviet Union was dissolved into 15 republics (10 in Europe and 5 in Asia) with the Russian Football Union being acknowledged as the direct successor of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union; in spring and summer of 1992 it was represented by teams of the Commonwealth of Independent States
  • Football Association of Yugoslavia (1954–1992); in 1992 Yugoslavia collapsed, with various federal republics becoming independent states, leaving only Serbia and Montenegro as part of FR Yugoslavia (which was renamed the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003); the Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro was acknowledged as the direct successor of Football Association of Yugoslavia. Four other successor republics formed their own football organisations.
  • Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro (1992–2006); in 2006 the union state was dissolved with the Football Association of Serbia becoming its successor. Montenegro, which exited the union, created the Football Association of Montenegro. It competed as FR Yugoslavia until 2003 when the country changed its name to Serbia and Montenegro.
  • Football Association of Czechoslovakia (1954–1993), became Football Association of the Czech Republic and Slovak Football Association with the Football Association of the Czech Republic acknowledged as its direct successor.

Non-members

There are several national teams within Europe that are not members of UEFA. Many of them are instead affiliated with CONIFA.

  • There are two independent European states that have national teams that are not affiliated with UEFA or FIFA. Both are microstates.
    •  Monaco
    •   Vatican City
  • The constituent countries of the  United Kingdom ( England,  Northern Ireland,  Scotland, and  Wales) all have separate UEFA teams. The Crown dependencies, which are not technically part of the United Kingdom, have official teams not affiliated with UEFA or FIFA
    •  Guernsey
    •  Isle of Man
    •  Jersey, whose membership application was rejected by UEFA in 2018[10]
  • Although one of the autonomous territories of the Kingdom of Denmark has its own UEFA membership ( Faroe Islands), the other does not.
    •  Greenland, which is expected to apply for membership to UEFA and FIFA in the near future. It could also join CONCACAF.[11]
  • Several European states with limited recognition have official national teams, but none have been considered for UEFA membership.
    •  Abkhazia
    •  Northern Cyprus
    •  South Ossetia
    •  Transnistria

Competitions

UEFA continental competitions

UEFA runs official international competitions in Europe and some countries of Northern, Southwestern and Central Asia for national teams and professional clubs, known as UEFA competitions, some of which are regarded as the world's most prestigious tournaments.

UEFA is the organiser of two of the most prestigious competitions in international football: The UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League. The main competition for men's national teams is the UEFA European Championship (also known as the Euro), started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. The UEFA Nations League is the second tournament of UEFA and was introduced in 2018. The tournament largely replaced the international friendly matches previously played on the FIFA International Match Calendar. It will be played every two years.

UEFA also runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For women's national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Women's Championship for senior national sides as well as Women's Under-19 and Women's Under-17 Championships.

World, Olympic, Intercontinental competitions

Beside continental European competitions for national and their junior teams, the UEFA organizes various qualification male and female tournaments among European national and their junior teams for World Cups (organized by FIFA) and Olympics (organized by IOC).

UEFA also organised the UEFA–CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football. UEFA launched the UEFA Regions' Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Under-19 Futsal Championship. Despite the existence of UEFA's Futsal and Beach soccer committee, UEFA does not organise any beach soccer competitions. International and club beach soccer competitions for UEFA members are organised externally by Beach Soccer Worldwide.

The Italian, German, Spanish, French and Russian[12] men's national teams are the only teams to have won the European football championship in all categories.

Club

UEFA member countries by club competition entry entitlements, 2009/10

The top-ranked UEFA competition is the UEFA Champions League, which started in the 1992/93 season and gathers the top 1–4 teams of each country's league (the number of teams depend on that country's ranking and can be upgraded or downgraded); this competition was re-structured from a previous one that only gathered the top team of each country (held from 1955 to 1992 and known as the European Champion Clubs' Cup or simply the European Cup).

A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League. This competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (also begun in 1955). A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup (now UEFA Europa League) in 1999.

In December 2018, UEFA announced the creation of a third club competition, with a working title of Europa League 2 (UEL2) (The name was later decided as UEFA Europa Conference League) . The competition would feature 32 teams directly in 8 groups of 4, with a knockout round between the second placed teams in UEFA Europa Conference League and the third placed teams in the Europa League, leading to a final 16 knockout stage featuring the eight group winners. UEFA announced that the first edition of the competition begins in 2021.[13]

In women's football UEFA also conducts the UEFA Women's Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Women's Cup until 2009.

The UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League (previously the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup), and came into being in 1973.[14][15][16]

The UEFA Intertoto Cup was a summer competition, previously operated by several Central European football associations, which was relaunched and recognised as official UEFA club competition by UEFA in 1995.[17] The last Intertoto Cup took place in 2008.

The European/South American Cup was jointly organised with CONMEBOL between the Champions League and the Copa Libertadores winners.[18]

Only five teams[19][20] (Juventus, Ajax, Manchester United, Bayern Munich and Chelsea[21]) have won each of the three main competitions (European Cup/UEFA Champions League, European Cup Winners' Cup/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League),[22] a feat that is no longer possible for any team that did not win the Cup Winners' Cup. There are currently eight teams throughout Europe that have won two of the three trophies; all but one have won the Cup Winners' Cup, four require a win in the Champions League and four require a UEFA Europa League win.

Juventus of Italy was the first team in Europe—remaining the only one to date (2021)—to win all UEFA's official championships and cups[23] and, in commemoration of achieving that feat, have received The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations on 12 July 1988.[24][25]

UEFA's premier futsal competition is the UEFA Futsal Cup, a tournament started in 2001 which replaced the former Futsal European Clubs Championship. This event, despite enjoying a long and well-established tradition in the European futsal community, dating back to 1984, was never recognised as official by UEFA.

Current title holders

Competition Year Champions Title Runners-up Next edition
National teams (Men's)
European Championship 2016  Portugal 1st  France 2020
(held in 2021)
Nations League 2018–19  Portugal 1st  Netherlands 2020–21
U-21 Championship 2019  Spain 5th  Germany 2021
U-19 Championship 2019  Spain 11th  Portugal 2022
U-17 Championship 2019  Netherlands 4th  Italy 2022
Futsal Championship 2018  Portugal 1st  Spain 2022
U-19 Futsal Championship 2019  Spain 1st  Croatia 2022
National teams (Women's)
Women's Championship 2017  Netherlands 1st  Denmark 2022
Women's U-19 Championship 2019  France 5th  Germany 2022
Women's U-17 Championship 2019  Germany 7th  Netherlands 2022
Women's Futsal Championship 2019  Spain 1st  Portugal 2022
Club teams (Men's)
Super Cup 2020 Bayern Munich 2nd Sevilla 2021
Champions League 2020–21 Chelsea 2nd Manchester City 2021–22
Europa League 2020–21 Villarreal 1st Manchester United 2021–22
Europa Conference League 2021–22
Youth League 2019–20 Real Madrid 1st Benfica 2021–22
Futsal Champions League 2020–21 Sporting CP 2nd Barcelona 2021–22
Club teams (Women's)
Women's Champions League 2020–21 Barcelona 1st Chelsea 2021–22

Titles by nation

Nation Men Women Futsal Total
Euro League U21 U19 U17 Euro U19 U17 Men's Women's
 Spain35119347143
 Germany[upper-alpha 1]326386735
 France2182518
 England2102115
 Russia[upper-alpha 2]12631114
 Italy15311213
 Portugal1146113
 Netherlands124119
 Sweden1135
 Czech Republic[upper-alpha 3]11114
 Serbia[upper-alpha 4]-134
 Bulgaria33
 Hungary33
 Poland1113
 Turkey123
 Austria22
 Denmark112
 Norway22
 Republic of Ireland112
 Belgium11
 Greece11
 Romania11
 Scotland11
 Ukraine11
  1. Including East Germany and West Germany.
  2. Including the Soviet Union.
  3. Including Czechoslovakia.
  4. Including Yugoslavia.

Sponsors

UEFA national team competitions
UEFA Champions League

Note: The UEFA Champions League sponsors are also sponsors of the UEFA Super Cup and the UEFA Youth League.

UEFA Europa League
UEFA women's football competitions

FIFA world rankings

Highest Ranked UEFA member
in the men's FIFA World Rankings

  • Last updates:
    • Men's national teams – 19 December 2019[34]
    • Women's national teams – 12 July 2019[35]
Top men's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
Top women's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
UEFAFIFANationPoints+/-UEFAFIFANationPoints+/-
1 1  Belgium 1765 1 2  Germany 2059
2 2  France 1733 2 3  Netherlands 2037 5
3 4  England 1661 3 4  France 2029
4 6  Croatia 1642 4 5  England 2027 2
5 7  Portugal 1639 5 6  Sweden 2021 3
6 8  Spain 1636 6 12  Norway 1917
7 12   Switzerland 1608 7 13  Spain 1899
8 13  Italy 1607 8 14  Italy 1891 1
9 14  Netherlands 1604 9 15  Denmark 1839 2
10 15  Germany 1602 10 17  Iceland 1822 5
11 16  Denmark 1598 11 18   Switzerland 1815
12 17  Sweden 1579 12 19  Belgium 1813 1
13 19  Poland 1559 13 21  Austria 1793 2
14 22  Wales 1540 14 22  Scotland 1791 2
15 24  Ukraine 1537 15 24  Ukraine 1708
16 26  Austria 1507 16 25  Russia 1704
17 29  Turkey 1494 17 28  Czech Republic 1679 1
18 29  Serbia 1494 18 29  Poland 1675 1
19 32  Slovakia 1490 19 30  Portugal 1671
20 34  Republic of Ireland 1486 20 31  Finland 1668 1
21 36  Northern Ireland 1476 21 32  Wales 1667 1
22 37  Romania 1475 22 33  Republic of Ireland 1666 2
23 38  Russia 1470 23 42  Romania 1548 1
24 39  Iceland 1464 24 43  Serbia 1546
25 44  Norway 1451 1 25 45  Hungary 1525
26 45  Czech Republic 1446 26 47  Slovakia 1500 1
27 49  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1430 27 51  Slovenia 1453 1
28 50  Scotland 1422 28 54  Belarus 1446 1
29 52  Hungary 1416 29 55  Croatia 1440 1
30 54  Greece 1409 30 59  Northern Ireland 1420
31 58  Finland 1386 31 62  Turkey 1412 1
32 59  Bulgaria 1381 32 64  Israel 1392 1
33 64  Montenegro 1365 33 65  Greece 1376 2
33 64  Slovenia 1365 34 67  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1371 1
35 66  Albania 1356 35 73  Kazakhstan 1349 1
36 68  North Macedonia 1347 36 77  Azerbaijan 1345
37 87  Belarus 1280 37 78  Albania 1326 1
38 91  Georgia 1267 38 79  Bulgaria 1303 1
39 93  Israel 1260 39 85  Faroe Islands 1272 2
40 95  Cyprus 1251 40 93  Latvia 1228
41 98  Luxembourg 1236 41 96  Moldova 1219 1
42 102  Armenia 1213 42 98  Montenegro 1217 1
43 103  Estonia 1202 43 99  Estonia 1212
44 110  Faroe Islands 1181 44 102  Malta 1192 1
45 114  Azerbaijan 1177 45 106  Lithuania 1172 1
46 115  Kosovo 1174 46 112  Georgia 1143
47 118  Kazakhstan 1155 47 113  Luxembourg 1134
48 131  Lithuania 1089 48 117  Cyprus 1123 2
49 135  Andorra 1082 49 126  Kosovo 1059 3
50 137  Latvia 1082 50 127  North Macedonia 1053 3
51 175  Moldova 959 51 156  Andorra 749 3
52 180  Liechtenstein 926
53 184  Malta 919
54 196  Gibraltar 879
55 209  San Marino 824
  • * – Inactive for more than 18 months and therefore not ranked.

Major tournament records

Legend

  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  •  3rd  – Third place[wc 1]
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
  • R2 – Second round (for the 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages)
  • R1 – Group stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
  • 1S – First Knockout Stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
  •    – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •     – Hosts

For each tournament, the flag of the host country and the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record
Team 1930

(13)
1934

(16)
1938

(15)
1950

(13)
1954

(16)
1958

(16)
1962

(16)
1966

(16)
1970

(16)
1974

(16)
1978

(16)
1982

(24)
1986

(24)
1990

(24)
1994

(24)
1998

(32)
2002


(32)
2006

(32)
2010

(32)
2014

(32)
2018

(32)
2022

(32)
2026



(48)
Years
 Austria ×4th×[wc 2]×3rdR1
15th
×R2
7th
R2
8th
R1
T-18th
R1
23rd
7
 Belgium R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
13th
×R1
12th
R1
T-10th
R2
10th
4thR16
11th
R16
11th
R1
19th
R16
14th
QF
6th
3rd 13
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Part of Yugoslavia×R1
20th
1
 Bulgaria ××R1
15th
R1
15th
R1
13th
R1
12th
R16
15th
4thR1
29th
7
 Croatia Part of Yugoslavia×3rdR1
23rd
R1
22nd
R1
19th
2nd 5
 Czech Republic[wc 3] ×2ndQF
5th
×R1
14th
R1
9th
2ndR1
15th
R1
19th
QF
6th
R1
20th
9
 Denmark ××××××R16
9th
QF
8th
R16
10th
R1
24th
R16
11th
5
 East Germany[wc 3] Part of Germany××R2
6th
Part of Germany 1
 England ×××R1
8th
QF
6th
R1
11th
QF
8th
1stQF
8th
R2
6th
QF
8th
4thR16
9th
QF
6th
QF
7th
R16
13th
R1
26th
4th 15
 France R1
7th
R1
T-9th
QF
6th
R1
11th
3rdR1
T-13th
R1
12th
4th3rd1stR1
28th
2ndR1
29th
QF
7th
1st 15
 Germany[wc 3] ×3rdR1
10th
×1st4thQF
7th
2nd3rd1stR2
6th
2nd2nd1stQF
5th
QF
7th
2nd3rd3rd1stR1
22nd
19
 Greece ××R1
24th
R1
25th
R16
13th
3
 Hungary ×QF
6th
2nd×2ndR1
10th
QF
5th
QF
6th
R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
18th
9
 Iceland ××××××××R1
28th
1
 Israel[wc 4] ×R1
12th
1
 Italy ×1st1stR1
7th
R1
10th
R1
9th
R1
9th
2ndR1
10th
4th1stR16
12th
3rd2ndQF
5th
R16
15th
1stR1
26th
R1
22nd
18
 Netherlands ×R1
T-9th
R1
14th
××2nd2ndR16
15th
QF
7th
4thR16
11th
2nd3rd 10
 Northern Ireland ×××QF
8th
R2
9th
R1
21st
3
 Norway ××R1
12th
×R1
17th
R16
15th
3
 Poland ×R1
11th
××3rdR2
5th
3rdR16
14th
R1
25th
R1
21st
R1
25th
8
 Portugal ×3rdR1
17th
R1
21st
4thR16
11th
R1
18th
R16
13th
7
 Republic of Ireland[wc 5] ×QF
8th
R16
16th
R16
12th
3
 Romania R1
8th
R1
12th
R1
9th
×R1
T-10th
R16
12th
QF
6th
R16
11th
7
 Russia[wc 6] ×××××QF
7th
QF
6th
4thQF
5th
R2
7th
R16
10th
R1
17th
R1
18th
R1
22nd
R1
24th
QF
8th
11
 Scotland ××ו•R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
9th
R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
19th
R1
T-18th
R1
27th
8
 Serbia[wc 3] 4th[wc 7]R1
5th
QF
7th
QF
5th
4thR2
7th
R1
16th
QF
5th
×R16
10th
R1
32nd
R1
23rd
R1
23rd
12
 Slovakia Part of CzechoslovakiaR16
16th
1
 Slovenia Part of Yugoslavia×R1
30th
R1
18th
2
 Spain ×QF
5th
×4thR1
12th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R2
12th
QF
7th
R16
10th
QF
8th
R1
17th
QF
5th
R16
9th
1stR1
23rd
R16
10th
15
 Sweden ×QF
8th
4th3rd2ndR1
9th
R2
5th
R1
13th
R1
21st
3rdR16
13th
R16
14th
QF
7th
12
  Switzerland ×QF
7th
QF
7th
R1
6th
QF
8th
R1
16th
R1
16th
R16
15th
R16
10th
R1
19th
R16
11th
R16
14th
11
 Turkey ××ו•R1
9th
×3rd 2
 Ukraine[wc 6] Part of Soviet Union×QF
8th
1
 Wales ×××QF
6th
1
Total (34 teams)4121361212101099101414141315151413131313TBD

Notes

  1. There was no Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. FIFA recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  2. Austria qualified in 1938, but withdrew to play as part of Germany after being annexed.
  3. FIFA considers that the national team of Russia succeeds the USSR, the national team of Serbia succeeds Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro, the national team of Czech Republic succeeds Czechoslovakia, and the national team of Germany succeeds West Germany and East Germany.
  4. Israel competed as Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel) in 1934 and in 1938, with a team consisting exclusively of Jewish and British footballers from the Palestine Mandate.
  5. Republic of Ireland competed as the Irish Free State in 1934 and then as Ireland in 1938 and 1950.
  6. Russia's best result is quarter-finals in 2018. However, FIFA considers Russia as the successor team of the USSR.
  7. There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; The USA and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. Currently, FIFA recognizes USA as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team, using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.

FIFA Women's World Cup

FIFA Women's World Cup record
Team1991

(12)
1995

(12)
1999

(16)
2003

(16)
2007

(16)
2011

(16)
2015

(24)
2019

(24)
2023


(32)
Years
 Denmark QF
7th
QF
7th
R2
15th
R2
12th
4
 England QF
6th
QF
7th
QF
7th
3rd4th 5
 France R2
9th
4thQF
5th
QF
4
 Germany 4th2ndQF
8th
1st1stQF
6th
4thQF
8
 Italy QF
6th
R2
9th
QF
3
 Netherlands R2
13th
2nd 2
 Norway 2nd1st4thQF
7th
4thR2
10th
R2
10th
QF
8
 Russia ×QF
5th
QF
8th
2
 Scotland R1
1
 Spain R1
20th
R2
2
 Sweden 3rdQF
5th
QF
6th
2ndR2
10–11
3rdR2
16th
3rd 8
  Switzerland R2
15th
1
Total (12 teams)556555891159

Olympic Games For Men

Olympic Games (Men's tournament) record
Team1900

(3)
1904

(3)
1908

(6)
1912

(11)
1920

(14)
1924

(22)
1928

(17)
1936

(16)
1948

(18)
1952

(25)
1956

(11)
1960

(16)
1964

(14)
1968

(16)
1972

(16)
1976

(13)
1980

(16)
1984

(16)
1988

(16)
1992

(16)
1996

(16)
2000

(16)
2004

(16)
2008

(16)
2012

(16)
2016

(16)
2021

(16)
Years
 Austria62=11=5 4
 Belarus10 1
 Belgium3115=54 5
 Bulgaria10=17352 5
 Czech Republic14 1
 Czechoslovakia99291Split into Slovakia and Czech Republic 5
 Denmark22103=526138 9
 East Germany[ol 1]3312Merged with West Germany 4
 Estonia=17 1
 Finland4=9=149 4
 France2545=9=5=1797515q 13
 Germany[ol 2]7=5=64=95532q 10
 Great Britain11111=64=17=585 10
 Greece13=1715 3
 Hungary513=91311216 9
 Ireland7=17 2
 IsraelCompeted with Asia (qualified 2 times) 2
 Italy85631=5=9444512535 15
 Latvia16 1
 Lithuania=17 1
 Luxembourg1211=9=9=9=9 6
 Netherlands3334=9=9=177 8
 Norway973=1410 5
 Poland=174=910122 7
 Portugal=54146 4
 Romania14=175q 4
 Russia10 1
 Serbia12 1
 Serbia and Montenegro16Split into 2 nations 1
 Slovakia13 1
 Soviet Union=913331Split into 15 nations 6
 Spain2=17=56121016214q 11
 Sweden41163=9136615 10
 Switzerland2=913 3
 Turkey=17=9=9=5=514 6
 Yugoslavia9=17=9222164310Split into 7 nations 11
Total (36 teams)3061113181110101959656565555444444

Notes

  1. The East German team represented the United Team of Germany in 1964, winning the bronze medal.
  2. The team represented the United Team of Germany in 1956, and the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e., West Germany) in 1972, 1984 and 1988, and winning the bronze medal in 1988.

Olympic Games For Women

Olympic Games (Women's tournament) record
Team 1996

(8)
2000

(8)
2004

(10)
2008

(12)
2012

(12)
2016

(12)
2021

(12)
Years
 Denmark8 1
 France46 2
 Germany53331 5
 Great Britain5q 2
 Greece10 1
 Netherlandsq 1
 Norway317 3
 Sweden664672q 7
Total (8 teams)4333333 22

UEFA European Championship

UEFA European Championship record
Team
(Total 34 teams)
1960

(4)
1964

(4)
1968

(4)
1972

(4)
1976

(4)
1980

(8)
1984

(8)
1988

(8)
1992

(8)
1996

(16)
2000


(16)
2004

(16)
2008


(16)
2012


(16)
2016

(24)
2020

(24)
2024

(24)
Years
 Albania × × × GS 1
 Austria GS GS q 3
 Belgium × 3rd 2nd GS GS QF q 6
 Bulgaria GS GS 2
 Croatia Part of  Yugoslavia QF GS QF GS R16 q 6
 Czech Republic[lower-alpha 3] 3rd 1st 3rd 2nd GS SF GS QF GS q 10
 Denmark 4th SF GS 1st GS GS QF GS q 9
 England × 3rd GS GS GS SF GS QF QF R16 q 10
 Finland × × q 1
 France 4th 1st GS SF 1st QF GS QF 2nd q 10
 Germany[lower-alpha 4] × × 1st 2nd 1st GS SF 2nd 1st GS GS 2nd SF SF q q 14 [lower-alpha 5]
 Greece ×[lower-alpha 6] GS 1st GS QF 4
 Hungary 3rd 4th R16 3
 Iceland × × × QF 1
 Italy × 1st 4th SF GS 2nd GS QF 2nd QF q 10
 Latvia Part of  Soviet Union GS 1
 Netherlands × 3rd GS 1st SF QF SF SF QF GS q 10
 Northern Ireland × R16 1
 Norway GS 1
 Poland GS GS QF q 4
 Portugal SF QF SF 2nd QF SF 1st q 8
 Republic of Ireland GS GS R16 3
 Romania GS GS QF GS GS 5
 Russia[lower-alpha 7] 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS GS SF GS GS q 12
 Scotland × × GS GS 2
 Serbia[lower-alpha 8] 2nd 2nd 4th GS •×[lower-alpha 9] × QF 5
 Slovakia Part of  Czechoslovakia R16 1
 Slovenia Part of  Yugoslavia GS 1
 Spain •×[lower-alpha 10] 1st GS 2nd GS QF QF GS 1st 1st R16 q 11
 Sweden × SF GS QF GS GS GS q 7
  Switzerland × GS GS GS R16 q 5
 Turkey GS QF SF GS q 5
 Ukraine Part of  Soviet Union GS GS q 3
 Wales × SF q 2

Notes

  1. pronounced [ynjɔ̃ dez‿asɔsjɑsjɔ̃ øʁɔpeɛn də futbol].
  2. pronounced [uˈni̯oːn deːɐ̯ ˌɔɪ̯ʁoˈpɛːɪʃn̩ ˈfuːsbalfɛɐ̯ˌbɛndə].
  3. Includes three appearances as Czechoslovakia
  4. Includes five appearances as West Germany
  5. Including UEFA Euro 2024 in which Germany is already qualified as host.
  6. Greece entered the 1964 competition, but later withdrew after refusing to play Albania.
  7. Includes five appearances as the Soviet Union and one as CIS
  8. Includes four appearances as Yugoslavia and one as FR Yugoslavia
  9. Does not include Euro 1992 qualification and disqualification due to international sanctions
  10. Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for their qualification match, so the Soviet Union qualified by walkover.

UEFA Women's Championship

UEFA Women's Championship record
Team
(Total 18 teams)
1984
(4)
1987

(4)
1989

(4)
1991

(4)
1993

(4)
1995
(4)
1997


(8)
2001

(8)
2005

(8)
2009

(12)
2013

(12)
2017

(16)
2021

(16)
Years
 Austria × × × × × × SF Q 2
 Belgium GS Q 2
 Denmark SF 3rd 3rd GS SF GS GS SF 2nd Q 10
 England 2nd 4th SF GS GS 2nd GS SF Q 9
 Finland SF QF GS Q 4
 France GS GS GS QF QF QF Q 7
 Germany 1st 1st 4th 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st QF Q 11
 Iceland × × × GS QF GS Q 4
 Italy SF 3rd 4th 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS QF QF GS Q 12
 Netherlands SF GS 1st Q 4
 Norway 1st 2nd 2nd 1st SF GS SF 2nd SF 2nd GS Q 12
 Portugal GS 1
 Russia × × × × GS GS GS GS GS 5
 Scotland × GS 1
 Spain × SF QF QF Q 4
 Sweden 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd SF 2nd SF QF SF QF Q 11
  Switzerland GS 1
 Ukraine Part of  Soviet Union × GS 1

FIFA U-20 World Cup

FIFA U-20 World Cup record
Team 1977

(16)
1979

(16)
1981

(16)
1983

(16)
1985

(16)
1987

(16)
1989

(16)
1991

(16)
1993

(16)
1995

(16)
1997

(24)
1999

(24)
2001

(24)
2003

(24)
2005

(24)
2007

(24)
2009

(24)
2011

(24)
2013

(24)
2015

(24)
2017

(24)
2019

(24)
2021

(24)
Years
 Austria R1R14thR1R2 5
 Belgium R2 1
 Bulgaria QFQF 2
 Croatia R2R1R2 3
 Czech Republic R1R1QFR12ndR2 6
 East Germany 3rdR1 2
 England 4thR1R13rdR2R1R1R1R2R11st 11
 Finland R1 1
 France R1QFQF4th1stR2R2 7
 Germany 1st2ndR1R1R1R2R1QFQFQFR2 11
 Greece R2 1
 Hungary R1R1R1R13rdR2 6
 Italy R1R1QFQFQF3rd4th 7
 Kazakhstan[36] R1 1
 Netherlands QFR1QFQF 4
 Norway R1R1R1 3
 Poland 4thR13rdR2R2 5
 Portugal QF1st1stR13rdR2R22ndR2QFQFR1 12
 Republic of Ireland R1R13rdR2R2 5
 Romania 3rd 1
 Russia 1st2ndR14thQF3rdQFQF 8
 Scotland QFQFR1 3
 Serbia R11st1st 3
 Slovakia R2 1
 Spain R1QFR12ndR1QF4thQF1st2ndQFQFR2QFQF 15
 Sweden R1 1
  Switzerland R1 1
 Turkey R1R2R2 3
 Ukraine R2R2R21st 4
Total (29 teams)66666666656766766676565

FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup

FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup record
Team 2002

(12)
2004

(12)
2006

(16)
2008

(16)
2010

(16)
2012

(16)
2014

(16)
2016

(16)
2018

(16)
2022[lower-alpha 1]

(16)
Years
 Denmark QF 1
 England QFQFGSGS3rd 5
 Finland GSGS 2
 France GSQF4thGS3rd2nd4th 8
 Germany 3rd1stQF3rd1st2nd1stQFQF 10
 Italy GSGS 2
 Netherlands QF 2
 Norway GSQF 2
 Russia QFQF 2
 Spain GSQF2nd 4
 Sweden QFGS 2
  Switzerland GSGSGS 3
Total (12 teams)4454544454 43

Notes

  1. The 2020 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, later postponed to 2021, was cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic.

FIFA U-17 World Cup

FIFA U-17 World Cup record
Team 1985

(16)
1987

(16)
1989

(16)
1991

(16)
1993

(16)
1995

(16)
1997

(16)
1999

(16)
2001

(16)
2003

(16)
2005

(16)
2007

(24)
2009

(24)
2011

(24)
2013

(24)
2015

(24)
2017

(24)
2019

(24)
2021

(24)
Years
 Austria R1R1 2
 Belgium R13rd 2
 Croatia R1R1QF 3
 Czech Republic QFR1 2
 Denmark R1 1
 East Germany QF 1
 England QFQFR11st 4
 Finland R1 1
 France QF1stQFQFR2R23rd 6
 Germany 2ndQFR14thR13rdR23rdR2QF 10
 Hungary QFR1 2
 Italy R14thR1R1R1QFR2QF 8
 Netherlands 3rdR1R14th 4
 Poland 4thR1 2
 Portugal 3rdQFQF 3
 Russia 1stR2R2 3
 Scotland 2nd 1
 Slovakia R2 1
 Spain 2ndR13rdR1R12nd2nd3rd2ndQF 10
 Sweden 3rd 1
  Switzerland 1st 1
 Turkey 4thQFR1 3
Total (22 teams) 3333333333356666555

FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup

FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup record
Team 2008

(16)
2010

(16)
2012

(16)
2014

(16)
2016

(16)
2018

(16)
2021

(16)
Years
 Azerbaijan R1 1
 Denmark QF 1
 England 4thQF 2
 Finland GS 1
 France R11st 2
 Germany 3rdQF4thGSQFQF 6
 Italy 3rd 1
 Republic of Ireland QF 1
 Spain 3rd2nd3rd1st 4
Total (9 teams)4333333 19

FIFA Futsal World Cup

FIFA Futsal World Cup record
Team 1989

(16)
1992

(16)
1996

(16)
2000

(16)
2004

(16)
2008

(20)
2012

(24)
2016

(24)
2021

(24)
Years
 AzerbaijanQF 1
 Belgium4thR2R2 3
 CroatiaR2 1
 Czech RepublicR2R1R2 3
 DenmarkR1 1
 HungaryR2 1
 ItalyR2R1R22nd3rd3rdR2 7
 KazakhstanR1R2q 3
 Lithuaniaq 1
 Netherlands2ndR2R2R2 4
 PolandR2 1
 Portugal3rdR2R1QF4thq 6
 RussiaR13rd4th4thQF2ndq 7
 SerbiaR2 1
 SpainR13rd2nd1st1st2nd2ndQFq 9
 Ukraine4thR2R2QFR2 5
Total (16 teams)666656777 56

FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup

Team Beach Soccer World Championship record FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup record Appearances
1995

(8)
1996

(8)
1997

(8)
1998

(10)
1999

(12)
2000

(12)
2001

(12)
2002

(8)
2003

(8)
2004

(12)
2005

(12)
2006

(16)
2007

(16)
2008

(16)
2009

(16)
2011

(16)
2013

(16)
2015

(16)
2017

(16)
2019

(16)
2021

(16)
WC
/10
FIFA
/11
Years
/21
 Belarus × × × R1
11th
0 1 1
 Belgium R1
12th
× × × × × × × 1 0 1
 Denmark R1
6th
× × × × × × × × × 1 0 1
 England 3rd × 1 0 1
 France R1
7th
2nd R1
11th
R1
11th
2nd R1
7th
4th QF
5th
1st 3rd 4th QF
8th
8 4 12
 Germany R1
5th
R1
12th
R1
12th
R1
11th
4 0 4
 Italy 4th 3rd R1
5th
R1
10th
R1
9th
QF
8th
QF
8th
R1
6th
R1
6th
4th R1
15th
R1
10th
2nd QF
8th
QF
5th
4th 4th 2nd 10 8 18
 Netherlands R1
8th
× R1
14th
× × 1 1 2
 Poland R1
11th
R1
15th
0 2 2
 Portugal R1
6th
R1
5th
2nd QF
6th
1st 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 4th QF
8th
3rd 3rd 3rd 1st QF
8th
1st 8 9 17
 Russia R1
5th
× R1
9th
QF
6th
QF
7th
1st 1st 3rd 3rd q 1 8 9
 Spain R1
6th
QF
5th
3rd QF
6th
R1
6th
2nd 2nd QF
7th
R1
10th
QF
7th
4th QF
6th
2nd R1
10th
7 7 14
  Switzerland QF
8th
2nd R1
10th
QF
8th
QF
5th
QF
8th
1 5 6
 Turkey R1
10th
× × 1 0 1
 Ukraine QF
6th
R1
9th
R1
12th
× × 0 3 3
Total (15 teams)433445644745555545455

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Team 1992

(4)
1995

(6)
1997

(8)
1999

(8)
2001


(8)
2003

(8)
2005

(8)
2009

(8)
2013

(8)
2017

(8)
Years
 Czech Republic × 3rd 1
 Denmark × 1st 1
 France × •• 1st 1st 2
 Germany × •• GS •• 3rd 1st 3
 Greece × GS 1
 Italy × •• GS 3rd 2
 Portugal × 3rd 1
 Russia × GS 1
 Spain × •• 3rd 2nd 2
 Turkey × 3rd 1
Total (10 teams)0111122223 15

Sanctions

Against associations

  • Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to the secession of the Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of the Soviet Union
  • FR Yugoslavia, in 1992–1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War (as part of the Yugoslav Wars)

Against clubs

  • Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background
  • England, in 1985–1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years
  • Italy, in 1974–1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified
  • Netherlands, in 1990–1991 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified

Corruption and controversy

Dissatisfied fans across Europe have referred to the organisation as UEFA mafia, including in Russia's top league,[37] in Bulgaria's top league,[38] and in a Champions League group stage match held in Sweden.[39] The term has also been covered for its use outside of stadiums, for example during a protest in Kosovo outside an EU building following the Serbia v Albania (UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying) match.[40]

Following the 2015 FIFA corruption case, the then-president of UEFA, Michel Platini, was also involved in the case. Swiss prosecutors accused FIFA president Sepp Blatter of making a "disloyal payment" of $2m (£1.6m) to Mr Platini. Swiss attorney general, Michael Lauber, stated: "We didn't interview Mr Platini as a witness, that's not true. We investigated against him in between as a witness and an accused person".[41][42] Both Platini and Sepp Blatter were banned from football-related activity. Platini appealed to Court of Arbitration for Sports, which lowered the six-year ban to four years. He further appealed to Swiss courts and the European Court of Human Rights but the courts rejected his appeals.[43]

In 2019 UEFA's decision to host Europa League Cup final in Baku, Azerbaijan left one of the finalists, Arsenal, with a decision to withdraw their Armenian player Henrikh Mkhitaryan out of the competition due to safety concerns.[44], and there has been long-standing debates about the extent to which the elite clubs or UEFA itself should exert the most influence on the game.[45]

See also

Resolutions

Financial fair play

  • UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations

UEFA coefficient

UEFA presidents

  • List of Presidents of UEFA

Notes

    References

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    3. uefa.com. "President – About UEFA – Inside UEFA". UEFA.com. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
    4. uefa.com (18 May 2020). "60 years at the heart of football" (PDF). UEFA.com. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
    5. Vieli, André (2014). "UEFA: 60 years at the heart of football" (PDF). UEFA.com. Nyon: Union of European Football Associations. p. 169. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
    6. UEFA: Why some clubs are allowed to participate in competitions outside of their territory? https://us.bolavip.com
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    9. FIFA.com. "Football Confederations - UEFA - FIFA.com". www.fifa.com.
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    11. Homewood, Brian. "Danish FA supports Greenland's bid to join UEFA, FIFA". U.K. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
    12. Including results of the Soviet Union
    13. Europa League 2 to begin in 2021, from BBCSport.co.uk
    14. "History of the UEFA Super Cup". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
    15. "1973: Ajax enjoy early success". uefa.com. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
    16. "uefa.com – UEFA Cup Winners' Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010.
    17. "History of the UEFA Intertoto Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
    18. "History of the UEFA/CONMEBOL Intercontinental Cup". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
    19. "Un dilema histórico". El Mundo Deportivo's Historical Archive (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2003.
    20. "Edición del $dateTool.format('EEEE d MMMM yyyy', $document.date), Página $document.page - Hemeroteca - MundoDeportivo.com".
    21. Chelsea qualified for Europa League's Round of 32 after finished in third place in the group stage of the 2012–13 Champions League.
    22. "The man with the golden touch". uefa.com. Retrieved 27 August 2004.
    23. "List of European official clubs' cups and tournaments". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
    24. "Sorteo de las competiciones europeas de fútbol: el Fram de Reykjavic, primer adversario del F.C. Barcelona en la Recopa" (PDF). La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 July 1988. p. 53. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
    25. "Tutto inizio' con un po' di poesia". gazzetta.it.
    26. "Gazprom partners with UEFA". UEFA.com. 19 May 2021.
    27. "Hisense signs as UEFA EURO 2016 global sponsor". UEFA.com. 14 January 2016.
    28. "Volkswagen becomes new UEFA national team football competitions partner". UEFA.com. 9 August 2017.
    29. "Gazprom becomes an official partner". UEFA (Press release). 9 July 2012.
    30. "Nissan becomes an official partner". UEFA (Press release). 7 April 2014.
    31. "FedEx to be main UEFA Europa League sponsor". UEFA.com. 15 May 2015.
    32. "Heineken 0.0% becomes UEFA Europa League partner". UEFA (Press release). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
    33. "Hankook to sponsor of UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE". UEFA.com. 10 July 2012.
    34. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Ranking Table - European Zone - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    35. "The FIFA Women's World Ranking - European Zone - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
    36. Kazakhstan represented AFC before 2000.
    37. "Inter Milan v Napoli as it happened". BBC Sport. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
    38. "Why Uefa and Bulgaria must act over 'yes to racism' banner". The Guardian. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
    39. "Malmo fans sing 'UEFA Mafia' chant during Champions League defeat to Juventus". Eurosport. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
    40. "Kosovo Albanians protest UEFA ruling; Serbia FM and Serbian FA reaction". Associated Press. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
    41. "Fifa scandal: Michel Platini drawn closer to Blatter case". bbc.com. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
    42. "Platini says the SFr2m was contracted, Lauber says he is under investigation". insideworldfootball.com. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
    43. Ronay, Barney (5 March 2020). "Michel Platini's appeal over ban rejected by European court of human rights". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
    44. "Henrikh Mkhitaryan to miss Europa League final". www.arsenal.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
    45. Holt, Matthew (11 December 2006). "The Ownership and Control of Elite Club Competition in European Football". Soccer and society. Taylor and Francis Online. 8: 50–67. doi:10.1080/14660970600989491. eISSN 1743-9590. ISSN 1466-0970.
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