Turkey national football team

The Turkey national football team (Turkish: Türkiye Millî Futbol Takımı) represents Turkey in men's international football matches. The team is controlled by the Turkish Football Federation (Turkish: Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu), the governing body for football in Turkey, which was founded in 1923 and has been a member of FIFA since 1923 and UEFA since 1962.[6]

Turkey
Nickname(s)Ay-Yıldızlılar
(The Crescent-Stars)[1]
AssociationTürkiye Futbol Federasyonu (TFF)
ConfederationUEFA (Europe)
Head coachŞenol Güneş[2]
CaptainBurak Yılmaz
Most capsRüştü Reçber (120)
Top scorerHakan Şükür (51)
FIFA codeTUR[3]
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 29 (27 May 2021)[4]
Highest5 (June 2004)
Lowest67 (October 1993)
First international
 Turkey 2–2 Romania 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 26 October 1923)[5]
Biggest win
 Turkey 7–0 Syria 
(Ankara, Turkey; 20 November 1949)
 Turkey 7–0 South Korea 
(Geneva, Switzerland; 20 June 1954)
 Turkey 7–0 San Marino 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 10 November 1996)
Biggest defeat
 Poland 8–0 Turkey 
(Chorzów, Poland; 24 April 1968)
 Turkey 0–8 England 
(Istanbul, Turkey; 14 November 1984)
 England 8–0 Turkey 
(London, England; 14 October 1987)
World Cup
Appearances2 (first in 1954)
Best resultThird place (2002)
European Championship
Appearances5 (first in 1996)
Best resultSemi-finals (2008)
Olympic Games
Appearances6 (first in 1924)
Best resultQuarter-finals (1948, 1952)
Confederations Cup
Appearances1 (first in 2003)
Best resultThird place (2003)
Medal record
World Cup
2002 South Korea-JapanTeam
European Championship
2008 Austria-SwitzerlandTeam
FIFA Confederations Cup
2003 FranceTeam
Mediterranean Games
1993 Languedoc-RoussillonTeam

The team played their first official international game in 1923 and has represented the nation in major competitions since their debut appearance at the 1924 Summer Olympics. They have participated in Summer Olympics a total of six times (1924, 1928, 1936, 1948, 1952 and 1960), and reached the quarter-finals twice, in 1948 and 1952.

The team enjoyed their highest achievements in the 2000s, most notably finishing in third place at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup also reaching the semifinals at UEFA Euro 2008. They qualified for the FIFA World Cup three times (1950,[note 1] 1954 and 2002) and reached the semi-finals in 2002, winning bronze medals. The team qualified for UEFA European Championships five times. Making their debut at Euro 96, they reached the quarter-finals in Euro 2000 and semi-finals in Euro 2008. In recent years, Turkey qualified to the Euro 2016 and Euro 2020 championships.

Since its introduction in 1992, the FIFA World Rankings have ranked Turkey between 5th and 57th place. Following their success at the 2002 World Cup, Turkey managed to stay in the top 10 in rankings between 2002 and 2004, ranking at 5th in June 2004.[7] The team climbed once again up to 10th place in December 2008, following their success at Euro 2008.[8] Turkey achieved their highest victory margin with 7–0 wins over Syria in 1949, South Korea in 1954 and San Marino in 1996,[9] while their biggest losses were 8–0 defeats to Poland in 1968 and England in 1984 and 1987.[10]

As of 2020, the most capped player to play on the national team is Rüştü Reçber with 120 senior international caps between 1994 and 2012, and the most scoring player is Hakan Şükür with 51 goals scored between 1992 and 2007.[9] The longest-serving captain is Turgay Şeren with captaincy of 35 international encounters from 1950 to 1966.[11]

History

Turkey against Romania in 1923.

Early years

Turkey contested Romania for the first time in 1923, drawing 2–2.[12] Zeki Rıza Sporel is considered as the first big star of Turkish football as he scored the first two goals against Romania. Turkey played their first ever official match at the 1924 Summer Olympics losing to Czechoslovakia, 5–2.

1950 FIFA World Cup

Although Turkey qualified for the 1950 World Cup, beating Syria 7–0, they were forced to withdraw from the tournament due to financial problems.

1954 FIFA World Cup

Turkey then qualified for the 1954 World Cup after a play-off with Spain. The Turkish team first lost 4–1 to Spain, but a 1–0 win a few days later initiated a replay. On that occasion, they tied 2–2 after, booking their place after a coin toss. Turkey was put in a group along with Hungary and West Germany. The Turks, however, never played Hungary due to the tournament format, and a 4–1 defeat by the Germans was followed by Turkey carrying out a 7–0 win over South Korea. Turkey lost the play-off to West Germany 7–2. In 1956, however, Turkey did play Hungary in a friendly match in Istanbul, defeating what was one of the strongest teams of the era, 3–1.[13] Lefter Küçükandonyadis, arguably one of the best Turkish strikers of all-time, scored two goals during the tournament.

Near misses

Despite the introduction of a national league, and showings by Turkish clubs in European competition, the 1960s would be a barren time for the national team. Most players from the 1954 World Cup squad were retired, and the new generation of players failed to qualify for a major tournament. The 1970s saw Turkey holding back in the World Cup and UEFA European Championship qualifiers, but the team was a point too short to qualify for both UEFA Euro 1972 and Euro 1976. In the 1980s the Turkish team also suffered their worst defeats with 8–0 scorelines against Poland and twice against England. Yet the 1990 World Cup qualifiers would mark a turning point for Turkish football, with Turkey only missing out on qualification in the final match. Prominent players in this period included Rıdvan Dilmen, Oğuz Çetin, Rıza Çalımbay, Feyyaz Uçar, and European Golden Boot winner Tanju Çolak.

1990–1996

In 1990, German coach Sepp Piontek was put in charge of the national team. Under his guidance, a group of new players debuted for the national team. Many of these players (which included Bülent Korkmaz, Alpay Özalan, Sergen Yalçın, Rüştü Reçber, and Hakan Şükür) would become the backbone of the national team for many years. Piontek's mission came to an end in 1993, where he was replaced by Fatih Terim, who in turn managed to qualify for Euro 1996. Turkey qualified for its first major tournament since 1954, marking another turning point for Turkish football after having failed to qualify for both Euro 1992 and the 1994 World Cup. The appointment of Piontek was a recommended move by another German coach, Jupp Derwall, who had coached Galatasaray for three seasons. Derwall is regarded as the revolutionizer of Turkish football, since his introduction of modern Western European training techniques and tactical ideas to the Turkish game also heavily influenced the national team.

Euro 1996

Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for Euro 1996.

Turkey qualified for Euro 1996, defeating both Switzerland and Sweden 2–1 during qualification. Despite a solid performance during the qualifiers, Turkey lost all their matches without scoring a single goal. They did, however, go home with an award: the fair-play award, given to Alpay Özalan.

Euro 2000

Although Turkey failed to qualify for the 1998 World Cup, they qualified for Euro 2000 after winning a play-off against the Republic of Ireland. Turkey lost their first match 2–1 to Italy, they drew their second match against Sweden 0–0, and beat host nation Belgium 2–0, making it the first time in the history of the UEFA European Championship a host nation had been eliminated in the first round. This victory brought Turkey into the last eight of the tournament, where they were beaten 2–0 by Portugal, with Arif Erdem missing a critical penalty.

2002 FIFA World Cup

For the 2002 World Cup, Turkey finished second in their qualifying group, despite starting well and being the favourites to top the group. They lost 2–1 to Sweden in the crucial match that would decide the top spot. The Turks were forced to play the play-offs against Austria. They defeated the Austrians 6–0 on aggregate and booked their place at the finals. The Turkish team started the 2002 World Cup with a 2–1 defeat against eventual winners Brazil.[14] Turkey qualified from the group stage with a 3–0 win against China PR after drawing 1–1 with Costa Rica.[15][16]

Turkey then faced home team Japan in the second round, winning 1–0.[17] The Turkish team continued their run, as they beat Senegal 1–0 on a golden goal to book their place in the semi-finals, where a 1–0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Brazil forced them to play the third place match, and a bronze medal was won after a 3–2 victory over co-hosts South Korea.[18][19][20] Hakan Şükür scored Turkey's first goal in 10.8 seconds, even when the South Koreans kicked off first. It was the fastest goal in World Cup history.[21][22] Tens of thousands of flag-waving Turkish fans greeted the World Cup squad on their return to Istanbul, where they joined a massive street party at Taksim Square.[23] Rüştü Reçber, Alpay Özalan and Hasan Şaş were all included in the All-Star Team, with Reçber also being voted as the best goalkeeper in the UEFA Team of the Year 2002, while Şenol Güneş was being voted as the best manager.

2003 FIFA Confederations Cup

In the summer of 2003, Turkey reached third place at the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup. In the group stages, Turkey defeated the United States 2–1 before losing to Cameroon 0–1. In their final group match, Turkey drew 2–2 against Brazil, eliminating them from the tournament. Turkey lost to eventual tournament winners France 3–2 in the semi-final match. Turkey then defeated Colombia 2–1 to win the bronze medal. Tuncay scored three goals and made an assist, which won him the Silver Shoe Award and the Silver Ball Award for the second best player of the tournament.

Euro 2004

The Turkish team failed to qualify for Euro 2004 on play-offs due to a loss to Latvia after finishing second in their group. This marked a turning point for the national team as new players were introduced to the national team to create a new generation.

2006 FIFA World Cup

The Turkish team once again narrowly missed out on the World Cup finals after failing to win a play-off, this time on away goals against Switzerland, again after finishing second in their group. There were scenes of violence after the game on and off the pitch where the Turkish team brawled with Swiss players down the tunnel.

Turkey against France on 5 June 2009.

Euro 2008

Turkey qualified for their first international tournament in six years by finishing second behind Greece in Euro 2008 qualifying Group C to reach the Euro 2008 final stages. They were placed alongside Switzerland, Portugal and the Czech Republic in Group A. In their first match, they played Portugal and were beaten 2–0, but wins over Switzerland (2–1) and the Czech Republic (3–2) – both secured by late goals – brought qualification for the knockout stages.[24][25][26] Again, Turkey knocked out a host nation – Switzerland – in the group stages for the second time.[27]

The quarter-final against Croatia was goalless after 90 minutes, and Croatia led 1–0 in the final minute of extra time, but another late Turkish goal by forward Semih Şentürk brought the game to penalties. The goal raised some controversy with Croatia fans and Croatia head coach Slaven Bilić, who claimed that the goal had been scored after extra time had elapsed. This complaint, however, was overruled, and the game went into penalties. Turkey defeated Croatia in penalties, 3–1.[28]

Turkey went into the semi-final against Germany with just 14 outfield players available as a result of injuries and suspensions, but scored first and were drawing 2–2. But they finished third by default after losing 3–2 with a last minute goal by Philipp Lahm.[29] Both Russia and Turkey were given bronze medals in the dressing rooms after the semi-finals.

2010 FIFA World Cup

The Turkish team during the UEFA Euro 2012 qualification.

Turkey were drawn in UEFA Group 5 together with Armenia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Estonia and Spain. Turkey had a mixed qualifying campaign, finishing with 15 points and missing out on a play-off place to Bosnia and Herzegovina with 19 points. Spain topped the group to qualify, winning every game in the process. Coach Fatih Terim announced he would be resigning his post following their failure to qualify.[30]

Euro 2012

Turkey were drawn in Group A in qualification for Euro 2012, together with Kazakhstan, Austria, Belgium, Germany and Azerbaijan. The Turkish team reached the play-offs after beating Azerbaijan 1–0 but got eliminated 3–0 on aggregate by Croatia. On 14 November 2012, Turkey celebrated their 500th match in a friendly game played against Denmark at the Türk Telekom Arena, Istanbul, which ended in a 1–1 draw. Before the match, footballers and coaches, who contributed to the national team's success in the past, were honoured. Turkish pop singer Hadise, who wore a national team jersey with the number 500, performed a small concert.[31][32]

2014 FIFA World Cup

Turkey against Austria on 29 March 2016.

Turkey were drawn in Group D in qualification for the 2014 World Cup, together with Andorra, Estonia, Hungary, the Netherlands and Romania, finishing fourth. Turkey began to lose critical points during qualification and Abdullah Avcı was sacked soon after. Fatih Terim was put in charge for the third time to lead the national team, but a 2–0 defeat against the Netherlands ended hopes of qualification.

Euro 2016

Turkey were drawn in Group A in the qualification campaign for the Euro 2016, together with Iceland, Latvia, Kazakhstan, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic. The Turkish team qualified for their first major tournament in eight years as the best third-placed team after beating Iceland 1–0, with Selçuk İnan netting a free kick in the 89th minute. After over 18 months unbeaten, a loss to England as a pre-tournament friendly ended the team's winning streak, subsequently leading to back-to-back losses against Croatia and Spain in the tournament. Turkey won their last game against the Czech Republic, 2–0. They were minutes away from reaching the last 16, until a late winner for Ireland against Italy meant that the latter instead qualified as one of the best third-placed teams. Despite elimination, youngster Emre Mor's skillful display and assist during the game revealed a hopeful future for Turkish football.

2018 FIFA World Cup

Turkey were drawn in UEFA Group I for the 2018 World Cup qualifying campaign. together with Croatia, Finland, Iceland, Kosovo and Ukraine. During the qualifiers, head coach Fatih Terim stood down after an off-field incident,[33] and 72-year-old former Romania manager Mircea Lucescu took over. After eight games, Turkey stood a strong chance of qualifying for the tournament, but a 0–3 defeat against Iceland at home ended automatic qualification hopes. After a 2–2 draw against Finland the team finished fourth in Group I.

2018–19 UEFA Nations League

Turkey was drawn with Russia and Sweden in the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League B and Turkey had a poor performance which led the country to finish bottom. At the first game held at home against 2018 World Cup host and quarter-finalist Russia, Turkey lost 1–2 despite an equalizer by Serdar Aziz. Turkey then put up its best performance in the League, winning 3–2 against Sweden right in Swedish soil. However, Turkey could not capitalize on this opportunity and lost 0–2 to Russia in Sochi before suffering a humiliating 0–1 home loss to Sweden, thus initially sent Turkey to League C. However, UEFA rule changes meant Turkey was allowed to remain in League B.

Euro 2020

Turkey were drawn in group H in the qualifying stage along with the 2018 FIFA World Cup champions France, as well as Iceland, Albania, Moldova and Andorra. Veteran coach Şenol Güneş revolutionised the team, with many young talents, combining them with experienced players like Burak Yılmaz and Emre Belözoglu. The team restructuring proved to be genius, as Turkey had one of the best campaigns in recent history.

Turkey managed to achieve a 2–0 victory against the group favourites France in Konya and later a 1–1 draw at Stade de France. Turkey struggled against the group underdogs Andorra in their first match against them, winning by a 89th minute goal at the Vodafone Arena in Istanbul. Turkey's only defeat in the group came against Iceland in Reykjavik, losing 2-1. The defeat came after ill-treatment of the Turkish group at the Iceland customs, keeping them at the airport for 3 hours. This was followed by an Icelandic supporter holding a toilet brush to team captain Emre Belozoglu as a pretend microphone during an interview. The events were heavily criticised by the Turkish and European media. In an interview Turkish Coach Şenol Güneş, said that had come here 40 years ago, nothing had changed about the stadium and the country, except that some Icelandic people had lost the hospitality they had 40 years ago. Turkey entered matchday 9 against Iceland as group leaders with 19 points. Turkey and Iceland were drawn 0–0 at Turk Telekom Arena in Istanbul. Though unable to defeat Iceland and losing the first place to France, a draw was enough to secure Turkey a spot in Euro 2020 finals, ahead of their away match against Andorra.[34]

2020–21 UEFA Nations League

After qualifying for Euro 2020, Turkey entered with momentum, even though they had to face old foe Russia, alongside Hungary and Serbia in the 2020–21 UEFA Nations League B.

However, despite all these improvements, Turkey performed poorly in their two opening games in September 2020. The first game against Hungary at home saw Turkey suffer a 0–1 loss by a free kick from Dominik Szoboszlai. Going to Belgrade against Serbia, after repeated Serbian pressure, Turkey had a one-man advantage following Aleksandar Kolarov's red card, however the Turks failed to capitalise and were held goalless. This damaged their chances of qualifying for League A, as their next opponents in October will be Russia (who had had a strong start) and Hungary. The early poor performance could also represent a detrimental effect for Turkey, as this season's Nations League was used for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification process.

Turkey continued to find its first win in the Nations League. Against Russia in Moscow, a team which Turkey has failed to win in Russian soil since its last win at 1966 and still finding its first win over the Russians since 1975 in general, Turkey once again failed to register a win, though they got an encouraging 1–1 draw thanked for Kenan Karaman's equaliser. Yet, the Turkish side disappointed with only a 2–2 draw over Serbia at home soil.

November 2020 proved to be very important as Turkey must gain important wins in order to stay or even either getting possible promotion. Their first game in this month's Nations League was against Russia, but Denis Cheryshev scored an early lead making the Turkish side looked hapless. Yet, a red card to Andrey Semyonov proved to be a game changer, and with a one-man advantage, the Turks turned the deficit to finally break down its winless run against Russia with a 3–2 home win. The Turks then traveled to Hungary with hope that a win against the Hungarians could mean possible promotion, at least if Russia lost to Serbia. However, while Russia suffered a humiliating 0–5 defeat away in Belgrade, Turkey failed to gain the advantage and instead got netted twice by the Hungarians, despite late pressure to find an equalizer in the second half. That meant Turkey and Serbia were level on points, but with two goals away scored by the Serbian side in contrast to Turkey's failure to do the same in Belgrade, Turkey was unable to escape from relegation for the second times (the first season saw Turkey stayed due to Nations League overhauls) as the team was relegated to 2022–23 UEFA Nations League C. Such outcome also meant Turkey will have to fight in order to get a direct 2022 FIFA World Cup ticket as play-off qualification appeared to be slim with their relegation, in which the 2022 World Cup qualifiers will occur in 2021.

Kit suppliers

Kit provider Period
Adidas 1982–2003
Nike 2003–present

Rivalries

Turkey has developed several notable rivalries, the most well-known being with Croatia[35] and Greece.

Turkey and Croatia have played each other 9 times,[36] with their first encounter at Euro 1996; where both countries made their debuts in the opening match, which Croatia won 1–0.[37] A well-remembered match between them was at Euro 2008, which Turkey won on penalties after a 1–1 deadlock even after extra-time. With the win, Turkey reached the semi-finals in only their third appearance overall at the Euro finals.[38] The two teams faced each other in the 2012 Euro qualifying play-offs, with Croatia winning 3–0 in the first-leg in Istanbul, and advancing to the tournament finals following a 0–0 draw in the second-leg.[39][40] The two teams faced each other once again in a European competition at Euro 2016, playing in the opening match of Group D; with Croatia winning 1–0 through a sensational Luka Modrić volley.[41][42] Only three months after the match at the Euros, the two teams played in their opening match in Group I of 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifying, which finished 1–1.[43] Exactly one year after this, Turkey won the reverse fixture 1–0 at home, which played a key part in both countries' qualifying campaign, although Turkey would not qualify for World Cup while Croatia would go on to qualify and finish second in that edition.[44][45]

Turkey also has a historical rivalry with Greece; having played them a total of 13 times, winning seven, drawing three and losing three games.[46] Both countries have been described as "punching above their weight"; with Greece winning Euro 2004 despite being classified as underdogs prior to the competition, and Turkey followed-up their World Cup bronze medal in 2002 by advancing to the semi-finals of Euro 2008, where they were knocked out by Germany. Due to tension between the two countries and the dispute over Cyprus, coupled with several incidents occurring during matches between Turkish and Greek clubs, it has been described as one of the biggest international football rivalries.[47]

Results and fixtures

  Win   Draw   Loss

2020

3 September UEFA Nations League Turkey  0–1  Hungary Sivas, Turkey
21:45 TRT (UTC+03:00) Report Szoboszlai  80' Stadium: New Sivas 4 Eylül Stadium
Attendance: 0
Referee: Artur Soares Dias (Portugal)
6 September UEFA Nations League Serbia  0–0  Turkey Belgrade, Serbia
21:45 TRT (UTC+02:00) Report Stadium: Red Star Stadium
Attendance: 0
Referee: Aleksei Kulbakov (Belarus)
7 October Friendly Germany  3–3  Turkey Cologne, Germany
21:45 TRT (UTC+02:00)
  • Draxler  45+1'
  • Neuhaus  58'
  • Schmidt  81'
  • Tufan  49'
  • Karaca  67'
  • Karaman  90+4'
Stadium: RheinEnergieStadion
Referee: Benoît Bastien (France)
11 October UEFA Nations League Russia  1–1  Turkey Moscow, Russia
21:45 TRT (UTC+03:00)
  • Miranchuk  28'
Report
  • Karaman  62'
Stadium: VTB Arena
Referee: Matej Jug (Slovenia)
14 October UEFA Nations League Turkey  2–2  Serbia Istanbul, Turkey
21:45 TRT (UTC+03:00)
  • Çalhanoğlu  57'
  • Tufan  76'
Report
Stadium: Türk Telekom Stadium
Referee: Georgi Kabakov (Bulgaria)
11 November Friendly Turkey  3–3  Croatia Istanbul, Turkey
18:45
  • Tosun  23' (pen.)
  • Türüç  41'
  • Ünder  58'
Report
  • Budimir  32'
  • Pašalić  53'
  • Brekalo  56'
Stadium: Vodafone Park
Attendance: 0
Referee: Slavko Vinčić (Slovenia)
15 November UEFA Nations League Turkey  3–2  Russia Istanbul, Turkey
19:00 TRT (UTC+02:00)
  • Karaman  26'
  • Ünder  32'
  • Tosun  52' (pen.)
Report
  • Cheryshev  11'
  • Kuzyayev  57'
Stadium: Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
Referee: Szymon Marciniak (Poland)
18 November UEFA Nations League Hungary  2–0  Turkey Budapest, Hungary
21:45 TRT (UTC+01:00)
  • Sigér  57'
  • Varga  90+5'
Report Stadium: Puskás Aréna
Referee: Ivan Kružliak (Slovakia)

2021

24 March 2021 WCQ2022 UEFA Group G Turkey  4–2  Netherlands Istanbul, Turkey
20:00 TRT (UTC+3)
  • Yilmaz  15', 34' (pen.), 81'
  • Çalhanoğlu  46'
Report
  • Klaassen  75'
  • L. de Jong  77'
Stadium: Atatürk Olympic Stadium
Referee: Michael Oliver (England)
27 March 2021 WCQ2022 UEFA Group G Norway  0–3  Turkey Malaga, Spain
18:00 UTC+1 Report
  • Tufan  4', 59'
  • Söyüncü  28'
Stadium: La Rosaleda Stadium
Referee: Alejandro Hernández (Spain)
30 March 2021 WCQ2022 UEFA Group G Turkey  3–3  Latvia Istanbul, Turkey
21:45 TRT (UTC+3)
  • Karaman  2'
  • Çalhanoğlu  33'
  • Yılmaz  52' (pen.)
Report
  • Savaļnieks  35'
  • Uldriķis  58'
  • Ikaunieks  79'
Stadium: Atatürk Olympic Stadium
Referee: Daniel Stefański (Poland)
27 May 2021 Friendly Turkey  2–1  Azerbaijan Alanya, Turkey
20:00 TRT (UTC+3)
  • Dervişoğlu  34'
  • Ayhan  45'
Report
  • Makhmudov  28'
Stadium: Bahçeşehir Okulları Stadium
Referee: Genc Nuza (Kosovo)
31 May 2021 Friendly Turkey  0–0  Guinea Antalya, Turkey
20:00 TRT (UTC+3) Report Stadium: Antalya Stadium
Referee: Aliyar Aghayev (Azerbaijan)
3 June 2021 Friendly Turkey  v  Moldova Paderborn, Germany
Stadium: Benteler-Arena
11 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Turkey  v  Italy Rome, Italy
21:00 (UTC+2) Report Stadium: Stadio Olimpico
16 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Turkey  v  Wales Baku, Azerbaijan
20:00 (UTC+4) Report Stadium: Olympic Stadium
20 June 2021 UEFA Euro 2020 Switzerland   v  Turkey Baku, Azerbaijan
20:00 (UTC+4) Report Stadium: Olympic Stadium

Coaching staff

As of 4 February 2021:[48]
Şenol Güneş, the current manager of the Turkey national football team.
Position Name
Head coach Şenol Güneş
Assistant coaches Bayram Bektaş
Şeref Çiçek
Kerem Yavaş
Goalkeeping coach Emrah Karakovan
Fitness coach Ömür Serdal Altunsöz
Analyst Eren Şafak
Assistant analyst Okan Aydıner

Players

Current squad

The following players were called up for the extended UEFA Euro 2020 squad (30 players were called up, the final squad will include 26 players). The squad will play friendlies against  Guinea and  Moldova on 31 May and 3 June 2021 respectively.[49][50]
All caps and goals as of 31 May 2021 after match against Guinea.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Mert Günok (1989-03-01) 1 March 1989 22 0 İstanbul Başakşehir
23 1GK Uğurcan Çakır (1996-04-05) 5 April 1996 7 0 Trabzonspor
29 1GK Gökhan Akkan (1995-01-01) 1 January 1995 1 0 Rizespor
12 1GK Altay Bayındır (1998-04-14) 14 April 1998 1 0 Fenerbahçe

22 2DF Kaan Ayhan (1994-11-10) 10 November 1994 36 4 Sassuolo
4 2DF Çağlar Söyüncü (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 34 2 Leicester City
3 2DF Merih Demiral (1998-03-05) 5 March 1998 20 0 Juventus
2 2DF Zeki Çelik (1997-02-17) 17 February 1997 19 2 Lille
13 2DF Umut Meraş (1995-12-20) 20 December 1995 12 0 Le Havre
15 2DF Ozan Kabak (2000-03-25) 25 March 2000 11 0 Liverpool
24 2DF Mert Müldür (1999-04-03) 3 April 1999 7 0 Sassuolo
18 2DF Rıdvan Yılmaz (2001-05-21) 21 May 2001 2 0 Beşiktaş

6 3MF Ozan Tufan (1995-03-23) 23 March 1995 59 9 Fenerbahçe
10 3MF Hakan Çalhanoğlu (1994-02-08) 8 February 1994 55 13 Milan
5 3MF Okay Yokuşlu (1994-03-09) 9 March 1994 33 1 West Bromwich Albion
11 3MF Yusuf Yazıcı (1997-01-29) 29 January 1997 30 1 Lille
7 3MF Cengiz Ünder (1997-07-14) 14 July 1997 28 8 Leicester City
14 3MF Mahmut Tekdemir (1988-01-20) 20 January 1988 22 0 İstanbul Başakşehir
21 3MF İrfan Kahveci (1995-07-15) 15 July 1995 18 0 Fenerbahçe
8 3MF Dorukhan Toköz (1996-05-21) 21 May 1996 9 1 Beşiktaş
20 3MF Abdülkadir Ömür (1999-06-25) 25 June 1999 9 0 Trabzonspor
21 3MF Efecan Karaca (1989-11-16) 16 November 1989 7 1 Alanyaspor
26 3MF Taylan Antalyalı (1995-01-08) 8 January 1995 5 0 Galatasaray
19 3MF Orkun Kökçü (2000-12-29) 29 December 2000 5 0 Feyenoord
25 3MF Halil Akbunar (1993-11-09) 9 November 1993 2 0 Göztepe
28 3MF Kerem Aktürkoğlu (1998-10-21) 21 October 1998 1 0 Galatasaray

17 4FW Burak Yılmaz (Captain) (1985-07-15) 15 July 1985 66 28 Lille
16 4FW Enes Ünal (1997-05-10) 10 May 1997 22 2 Getafe
9 4FW Kenan Karaman (1994-03-05) 5 March 1994 21 5 Fortuna Düsseldorf
27 4FW Halil Dervişoğlu (1999-12-08) 8 December 1999 2 1 Galatasaray

Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up

DF Caner Erkin (1988-10-04) 4 October 1988 59 2 Fenerbahçe v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
DF Bünyamin Balcı (2000-05-31) 31 May 2000 0 0 Antalyaspor v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
DF Abdülkerim Bardakcı (1994-07-09) 9 July 1994 0 0 Konyaspor v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
DF Alpaslan Öztürk (1993-07-16) 16 July 1993 0 0 Göztepe v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
DF Nazım Sangaré (1994-05-30) 30 May 1994 6 0 Fenerbahçe v.  Netherlands, 24 March 2021 COV
DF Ömer Bayram (1991-07-27) 27 July 1991 10 0 Galatasaray v.  Hungary, 18 November 2020
DF Mert Çetin (1997-01-01) 1 January 1997 2 0 Hellas Verona v.  Russia, 15 November 2020 INJ
DF Hasan Ali Kaldırım (1989-12-09) 9 December 1989 35 1 İstanbul Başakşehir v.  Serbia, 14 October 2020

MF Deniz Türüç (1993-01-29) 29 January 1993 11 2 İstanbul Başakşehir v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
MF Emre Kılınç (1994-08-23) 23 August 1994 4 0 Galatasaray v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021 COV
MF Berkay Özcan (1998-02-15) 15 February 1998 6 0 İstanbul Başakşehir v.  Hungary, 18 November 2020
MF Mert Hakan Yandaş (1994-08-19) 19 August 1994 1 0 Fenerbahçe v.  Hungary, 3 September 2020 INJ

FW Enis Destan (2002-06-15) 15 June 2002 0 0 Altınordu v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021
FW Cenk Tosun (1991-06-07) 7 June 1991 45 18 Beşiktaş v.  Latvia, 30 March 2021 COV
FW Ahmed Kutucu (2000-03-01) 1 March 2000 2 0 Heracles Almelo v.  Serbia, 14 October 2020

INJ Withdrew due to injury
COV Withdrew due to COVID-19
PRE Preliminary squad / standby
RET Retired from the national team
SUS Serving suspension
WD Player withdrew from the squad due to non-injury issue.

Previous squads

Player records

As of 24 March 2021[51]
Players in bold are still active with Turkey.

Most capped players

Rüştü Reçber is Turkey's most capped player with 120 caps.
# Name Matches Goals Career
1 Rüştü Reçber 120 0 1994–2012
2 Hakan Şükür 112 51 1992–2007
3 Bülent Korkmaz 102 3 1990–2005
4 Emre Belözoğlu 101 9 2000–2019
5 Arda Turan 100 17 2006–2017
6 Tugay Kerimoğlu 94 2 1990–2007
7 Alpay Özalan 90 4 1995–2005
8 Hamit Altıntop 82 7 2004–2014
9 Mehmet Topal 81 2 2008–
10 Tuncay Şanlı 80 22 2002–2010

Top goalscorers

Hakan Şükür is Turkey's all-time record goalscorer with 51 goals.
# Player Goals Caps Ratio Career
1 Hakan Şükür 51 112 0.46 1992–2007
2 Burak Yılmaz 27 64 0.42 2006–
3 Tuncay Şanlı 22 80 0.28 2003–2010
4 Lefter Küçükandonyadis 21 46 0.46 1948–1963
5 Metin Oktay 19 36 0.53 1956–1968
Cemil Turan 19 44 0.43 1969–1979
Nihat Kahveci 19 68 0.28 2000–2011
8 Cenk Tosun 18 45 0.4 2013–
9 Arda Turan 17 100 0.17 2006–
10 Zeki Rıza Sporel 15 16 0.94 1923–1932

Centuriate goals

Selçuk İnan scored Turkey's 700th overall goal in November 2015

As of 29 September 2020:[52][53]

# Date Scorer Opponent Score
1st 26 October 1923 Zeki Rıza Sporel  Romania 2–2
100th 23 June 1954 Mustafa Ertan  West Germany 2–7
200th 14 February 1973 Osman Arpacıoğlu  Algeria 4–0
300th 27 February 1991 Uğur Tütüneker  Yugoslavia 1–1
400th 27 March 1999 Sergen Yalçın  Moldova 2–0
500th 9 October 2004 Fatih Tekke  Kazakhstan 4–0
600th 5 September 2009 Arda Turan  Estonia 4–2
700th 3 September 2015 Selçuk İnan  Latvia 1–1

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
1930 Did not enter Did not enter
1934 Withdrew Withdrew
1938 Did not enter Did not enter
1950 Qualified but withdrew 1 1 0 0 7 0
1954 Group stage 9th 3 1 0 2 10 11 3 1 1 1 4 6
1958 Withdrew Withdrew
1962 Did not qualify 4 2 0 2 4 4
1966 6 1 0 5 4 19
1970 4 0 0 4 2 13
1974 6 2 2 2 5 3
1978 6 2 1 3 9 5
1982 8 0 0 8 1 22
1986 8 0 1 7 2 24
1990 8 3 1 4 12 10
1994 10 3 1 6 11 19
1998 8 4 2 2 21 9
2002 Third place 3rd 7 4 1 2 10 6 12 8 3 1 24 8
2006 Did not qualify 14 7 5 2 27 13
2010 10 4 3 3 13 10
2014 10 5 1 4 16 9
2018 10 4 3 3 14 13
2022 To be determined 3 2 1 0 10 5
2026 To be determined
Total Third place 2/23 10 5 1 4 20 17 131 49 25 57 186 192

UEFA European Championship

UEFA European Championship record UEFA European Championship qualifying record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
1960 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
1964 2 0 0 2 0 7
1968 6 1 2 3 3 8
1972 6 2 1 3 5 13
1976 6 2 2 2 5 10
1980 6 3 1 2 5 5
1984 8 3 1 4 8 16
1988 6 0 2 4 2 16
1992 6 0 0 6 1 14
1996 Group stage 16th 3 0 0 3 0 5 8 4 3 1 16 8
2000 Quarter-finals 6th 4 1 1 2 3 4 10 5 4 1 16 7
2004 Did not qualify 10 6 2 2 19 8
2008 Semi-finals 3rd 5 2 1 2 8 9 12 7 3 2 25 11
2012 Did not qualify 12 5 3 4 13 14
2016 Group stage 17th 3 1 0 2 2 4 10 5 3 2 14 9
2020 Qualified 10 7 2 1 18 3
2024 To be determined To be determined
Total Third place 4/17 15 4 2 9 13 22 120 51 29 40 152 152

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
Season Division Group Pld W D L GF GA P/R RK
2018–19 B 2 41034722nd
2020–21 B 3 61326829th
2022–23 C TBD To be determined
Total 10 2 3 5 10 15 22nd
Turkey at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris.
Turkey at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam.

Olympic Games

Olympic Games record
Year Result Position Pld W D L GF GA
1924Round 113th100125
1928Round 114th100117
1936Round 115th100101
1948Quarter-finals6th210153
1952Quarter-finals8th210138
1956Withdrew
1960Round 114th3012310
1964 Did not qualify
1968
1972
1976
1980
1984Withdrew
1988 Did not qualify
1992
1996
2000
2004
2008
2012
2016
2020
Total Quarter-finals 6/22 10 2 1 7 14 34

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position GP W D* L GF GA Squad
1992 Did not qualify
1995
1997
1999
2001
2003 Third place 3rd 5 2 1 2 8 8 Squad
2005 Did not qualify
2009
2013
2017
Total Third place 1/10 5 2 1 2 8 8
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

Mediterranean Games

Turkey B

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Result GP W D L GF GA
1951Did not participate
1955
19592nd211074
19632nd5311127
19674th521257
19713rd431041
19757th402215
19795th311122
19832nd420245
19873rd530262
1991 – present See Turkey national under-20 team
Total 8/10 32 15 7 10 41 33

Balkan Cup

Balkan Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1929–31Did not participate
1931Runners-up2nd210135
1932Did not participate
1933Did not participate
1934–35Did not participate
1935Did not participate
1936Did not participate
1946Did not participate
1947Did not participate
1948Did not participate
1973–76Semi-finals4th210167
1977–80Group stage3rd411248
Total 2nd place 3/12 8 3 1 4 13 20

ECO Cup

ECO Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1965Runners-up2nd211031
1967Champions1st422084
1969Champions1st422082
1970Runners-up2nd321042
1974Champions1st321032
1993Did not participate
Total 3 Titles 5/6 16 9 7 0 26 11

Head-to-head record

The following table shows Turkey's all-time international record, correct as of 27 May 2021.

  Positive Record   Neutral Record   Negative Record

    Honours

    Turkey national football team on an Azerbaijan stamp for the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

    Third place (1): 2002

    • FIFA Confederations Cup

    Third place (1): 2003

    • UEFA European Football Championship

    Semi-finals (1): 2008

    Decoration

    In 2002, the national team was honored with the Turkish "State Medal of Distinguished Service" for its third place achievement at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. All the team members, coaches and officials were given medals.[54]

    See also

    • Turkey national under-21 football team
    • Turkey national under-20 football team
    • Turkey national under-19 football team
    • Turkey national under-17 football team

    References

    Footnotes
    1. Turkey withdrew due to financial reasons.
    Citations
    1. "Turkey sneak through as best third-placed team". UEFA. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
    2. Beşiktaş boss Şenol Güneş appointed Turkey national team coach
    3. Jeffree, Iain (6 August 2015). "FIFA Country Codes". RSSSF. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
    4. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 27 May 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
    5. Since the Republic was not formally declared by the time of the event, the game was played between Romania and TFF. The city also was not consistently known as Istanbul in the English speaking world until 1930
    6. "TFF » İş Ortakları" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
    7. "Zirveye Koşuyoruz". Milliyet (in Turkish). 10 June 2004. p. 34.
    8. "Türkiye, FIFA dünya sıralamasında yeniden 10. sıraya yükseldi" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 17 December 2008. Archived from the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
    9. "A Milli Takım'ın Tarihteki 'En'leri" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. Anadolu News Agency. 20 November 2007. Archived from the original on 3 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
    10. "Türkiye, İngiltere'ye ilk golü arıyor" (in Turkish). NTV (Turkey). 10 October 2003. Archived from the original on 3 September 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
    11. "Türk futbolundan Turgay Şeren geçti" (in Turkish). Milliyet. Anadolu News Agency. 12 July 2016. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 020.
    12. Erdinç, Sivritepe. "Turkey 2–2 Romania". Turkey international football matches. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
    13. "Magical Magyars beating". Retrieved 16 September 2010.
    14. "Brazil beat brave Turks". BBC Sport. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    15. "Parks strike denies Turkey". BBC Sport. 14 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    16. "Turkey reach last 16". BBC Sport. 13 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    17. "Turkey end Japan's dream". BBC Sport. 18 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    18. "Turkey's golden delight". BBC Sport. 22 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    19. "Brazil stride into final". BBC Sport. 26 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    20. "Turkey finish in style". BBC Sport. 29 June 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    21. "World Cup Rewind: Hakan Şükür scores the tournament's fastest ever goal". guinnessworldrecords.com. Guinness World Records. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
    22. Fastest Goals in World Cup History
    23. "Turkey heroes return home". BBC Sport. 1 July 2002. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    24. "Portugal 2–0 Turkey". BBC Sport. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    25. "Switzerland 1–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    26. "Turkey 3–2 Czech R & Switzerland 2–0 Portugal". BBC Sport. 15 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    27. "Turkey edge out Czechs in thriller". FIFA.com. FIFA. 15 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    28. "Croatia 1–1 Turkey (1–3 pens)". BBC Sport. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    29. "Germany 3–2 Turkey". BBC Sport. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    30. "Terim Resignation". Guardian Sport. 7 June 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
    31. "Turkey marks 500th match". Hürriyet Daily News. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
    32. Er, İsmail (15 November 2012). "Türkiye 1–1 Danimarka". Hürriyet Spor (in Turkish). Retrieved 15 November 2012.
    33. "Terim leaves Turkey role after brawl". goal.com. Goal. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
    34. "Euro 2020 team guides part 3: Turkey". Guardian. 1 June 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
    35. "Croatia and Turkey resume old European rivalry in Paris". AP News. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    36. "Croatia national football team: record v Turkey". www.11v11.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    37. uefa.com (6 October 2003). "UEFA EURO 1996 - History - Turkey-Croatia – UEFA.com". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    38. uefa.com (20 June 2008). "UEFA EURO 2008 - History - Croatia-Turkey – UEFA.com". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    39. uefa.com (11 November 2011). "UEFA EURO 2012 - History - Turkey-Croatia – UEFA.com". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    40. uefa.com (15 November 2011). "UEFA EURO 2012 - History - Croatia-Turkey – UEFA.com". Uefa.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    41. "Turkey 0-1 Croatia". BBC Sport. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    42. "[VIDEO] Modrić golčinom srušio žestoke Turke!". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    43. FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia-Turkey - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    44. FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Turkey-Croatia - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    45. "[VIDEO] Hrvatska izgubila u Eskisehiru, Turci slavili 1:0". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    46. "Turkey national football team: record v Greece". www.11v11.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    47. Duke, Greg. "Top 10 international rivalries". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
    48. "A Milli Takım Teknik Kadrosu" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
    49. "A Millî Takım'ın kamp kadrosu açıklandı" [National team training camp squad is announced] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 14 May 2021.
    50. "TÜRKİYE 2-1 AZERBAYCAN" [TURKEY 2-1 AZERBAIJAN] (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 27 May 2021.
    51. Mamrud, Roberto. "Turkey - Record International Players". RSSSF.
    52. "Türkiye'nin 700. golü Selçuk İnan'dan" (in Turkish). Haberturk. 4 September 2015. Archived from the original on 3 September 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
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    54. "Hata Sayfası". Retrieved 29 October 2016.
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