Toto IV

Toto IV is the fourth studio album by American pop and rock band Toto released in the spring of 1982 by Columbia Records.

Toto IV
Studio album by
ReleasedApril 8, 1982
RecordedJune 1981 – April 1982
Studio
  • Sunset Sound and Ocean Way Studios in Los Angeles, California
  • Hogg Manor in Sherman Oaks, California
  • Abbey Road Studios in London, England
GenreRock
Length42:17
LabelColumbia
ProducerToto
Toto chronology
Turn Back
(1981)
Toto IV
(1982)
Isolation
(1984)
Singles from Toto IV
  1. "Rosanna"
    Released: 31 March 1982 [1]
  2. "Africa"
    Released: 25 June 1982 (UK) [2]
  3. "Make Believe"
    Released: July 1982 (US)
  4. "I Won't Hold You Back"
    Released: March 1983 (US)
  5. "Waiting for Your Love"
    Released: June 1983 (US)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[3]
Robert ChristgauB−[4]
Rolling Stone[5]
Sea of Tranquility[6]

The lead single, "Rosanna", peaked at number 2 for five weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, while the album's third single, "Africa", topping the Hot 100 chart, became the group's first and only number 1 hit.[7] Both songs were hits in the UK as well, reaching number 12 and 3, respectively.[8] The fourth single, "I Won't Hold You Back", also peaked within the top ten on the Hot 100, at number 10, but atop the Billboard Adult Contemporary charts for three weeks.[7] It also went into the top 40 in the UK.[8] With the success of "Africa", the album climbed back into the top 10 in early 1983 on both sides of the Atlantic.

Toto IV received six Grammy Awards in 1983 including Album of the Year, Producer of the Year for the band, and Record of the Year for "Rosanna". It reached number four on the Billboard 200 album charts in the United States, shortly after its release. It also reached the top ten in other countries, including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Italy, Norway, the United Kingdom, and Japan. It was also the last Toto album to feature their original bassist David Hungate until his return in 2014 (with the release of their 2015 album Toto XIV) when he was replaced by Mike Porcaro after the band’s recording of the album, and also the final album to feature original lead vocalist Bobby Kimball until his comeback in 1998 (with the release of the 1999 album Mindfields).

Background

After the success of their self-titled debut, Toto struggled to sustain success on their next two albums, Hydra and Turn Back. The band was under heavy pressure from Columbia Records to deliver a hit album with their next release or be at risk of being dropped from the label.

The band went back to the formula that helped them succeed on their first album, having an album that touched on many different genres of music. They also utilized many outside musicians to help give the sound a more polished, fuller feel than they had on past albums.

This was the final album with the original Toto lineup. David Hungate, who moved to Nashville during the recording of the album, left the band to spend more time with his family. Two years later, prior to beginning recording of their follow-up album, Bobby Kimball was fired by the band due to drug issues that were damaging his voice.

The band delayed touring after the release of the album to instead help in the production of Michael Jackson's Thriller album, as well as collaborating on Chicago's comeback album Chicago 16 that same year.

Production

The recording took many months during 1981 and 1982 and the band was allowed a much larger than average recording budget. At a time when most bands were using a single 24-track recorder Toto used as many as 3 separate 24-track recorders at the same time.[9]

The 24-track recorders were linked with a computerized SMPTE timecode system. One track of each machine contained the time code synchronization signal while the remaining 23 tracks of each machine were available to record sound. It should also be noted though that a significant number of these tracks were copied and mixed down from musical parts already recorded on another synchronized reel of tape. This was done to reduce the amount of wear on the first generation tapes. It also helped to maintain high quality sound during the extensive overdubbing and mixing process.[9]

Cover art

Philip Garris's original emblem from the Toto album was updated to show four rings since this was their fourth album. The newer looking, well-polished ring around the hilt of the sword represented their latest work. Each successive ring showed a little more wear and a few more chips which represented the band's previous records.[10]

Track listing

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
1."Rosanna"David PaichSteve Lukather (verse A section), Bobby Kimball (verse B section)5:31
2."Make Believe"PaichKimball3:43
3."I Won't Hold You Back"LukatherLukather4:53
4."Good for You"
  • Kimball
  • Lukather
Kimball3:17
5."It's a Feeling"Steve PorcaroS. Porcaro3:05
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
6."Afraid of Love"
  • Lukather
  • Paich
  • Jeff Porcaro
Lukather3:52
7."Lovers in the Night"PaichPaich4:25
8."We Made It"
  • Paich
  • J. Porcaro
Kimball3:56
9."Waiting for Your Love"
  • Kimball
  • Paich
Kimball4:12
10."Africa"
  • Paich
  • J. Porcaro
Paich (verse), Kimball (chorus)4:55

Personnel

Adapted from album's liner notes.[11]

Toto

  • Bobby Kimball – lead vocals (tracks 1, 2, 4, 8–10), backing vocals (tracks 1, 2, 4, 6–10)
  • Steve Lukather – guitars, lead vocals (tracks 1, 3, 6), backing vocals (tracks 1-4, 6-10), piano (track 4)
  • David Paich – keyboards, lead vocals (tracks 7, 10), backing vocals (tracks 1, 2, 5-10), orchestral arrangements (tracks 3, 5-7), horn arrangements (track 1)
  • Steve Porcaro – keyboards, lead vocals (track 5)
  • David Hungate – bass guitar
  • Jeff Porcaro – drums, percussion

Additional personnel

  • Lenny Castro – congas and percussion (tracks 1, 4, 5, 7, 10)
  • Ralph Dyck – synthesizer (track 7)
  • Gary Grant – trumpet (track 1)
  • Jerry Hey – trumpet and horn arrangements (track 1)
  • Jim Horn – saxophone (tracks 1, 7), recorders (track 10)
  • James Newton Howard – orchestral arrangements and conductor (tracks 3, 5–7)
  • Tom Kelly – backing vocals (tracks 1, 2)
  • Roger Linn – synthesizer programming (track 4)
  • The Martyn Ford Orchestra – strings (tracks 3, 5–7)
  • Marty Paich – orchestral arrangements (track 3)
  • Jimmy Pankow – trombone (track 1)
  • Joe Porcaro – percussion (tracks 5, 10), xylophone (track 6), timpani (track 7), marimba (track 10)
  • Mike Porcaro – cello (track 4)
  • Timothy B. Schmit – backing vocals (tracks 3, 4, 10)
  • Tom Scott – saxophone (tracks 1, 7)
  • Jon Smith – saxophone (track 2)

Production

  • Produced by Toto
  • Engineers – Dick Gall, Bruce Heigh, Tom Knox, Greg Ladanyi, David Paich, Steve Porcaro and Al Schmitt
  • Tracks recorded by Al Schmitt (tracks 1, 3–5, 7, 10), Tom Knox (tracks 2, 9) and Greg Ladanyi (tracks 6, 8)
  • Strings recorded by John Kurlander (tracks 3, 5–7)
  • Additional recording by Niko Bolas, Terry Christian, Jamie Ledner, Lon LeMaster, David Leonard and Peggy McCreary
  • Mixed by Greg Ladanyi and Elliot Scheiner
  • Mastered by George Marino at Sterling Sound (New York City)
  • Photography – Glen Christiensen, Sam Emerson and Jim Hagopian
  • Illustration – Joe Spencer
  • Album package concept – Steve Porcaro

Charts

Certifications

Certifications for Toto IV
Region CertificationCertified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[30] 2× Platinum 140,000
Canada (Music Canada)[31] 3× Platinum 300,000^
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[32] Gold 10,000
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[33] Gold 34,179[33]
France (SNEP)[34] Platinum 370,600[35]
Germany (BVMI)[36] Platinum 500,000^
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[37] Gold 10,000*
Japan (RIAJ)[16] Platinum 346,520[16]
Netherlands (NVPI)[38] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[39] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[40] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

References

  1. "Rosanna discography".
  2. "Africa discography".
  3. William Ruhlmann. "Toto IV - Toto - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic.
  4. "Robert Christgau: CG: Toto". robertchristgau.com.
  5. "Rolling Stone review". Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-11-18.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. Fleck, Steve. "Toto: Toto IV". Sea of Tranquility. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  7. Toto USA chart history, Billboard.com. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  8. Toto UK chart history Archived 2013-06-16 at WebCite, The Official Charts. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  9. Classic Tracks: Toto's "Africa", Mix Online. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  10. "Jeff Porcaro Interview about Toto's Sword".
  11. Toto IV (booklet). Columbia. 1982.
  12. Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  13. Nielsen Business Media, Inc (1982-03-26). Billboard.com - Hits of the World. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
  14. Hung Medien. "dutchcharts.nl Toto – IV". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Archived from the original (ASP) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  15. "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original (PHP) on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  16. Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
  17. "charts.nz Toto – IV" (ASP). Hung Medien. Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  18. "norwegiancharts.com Toto – IV". Hung Medien. VG-lista. Archived from the original (ASP) on 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  19. "swedishcharts.com Toto – IV" (ASP) (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  20. "The Official Charts Company - Toto – IV" (PHP). UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  21. "allmusic ((( Toto IV > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  22. "offiziellecharts.de - Toto IV" (ASP) (in German). Media Control. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  23. "Top 100 Albums '82". RPM. 1982-12-25. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  24. "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1982" (in Dutch). Dutchcharts.nl. Archived from the original on 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-04-30.
  25. "Les Albums (CD) de 1982 par InfoDisc" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original (PHP) on 2012-12-29. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  26. "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1982". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  27. "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1983". RPM. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  28. "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Archived from the original on 2012-05-19. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  29. "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1983". Billboard. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  30. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2018 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  31. "Canadian album certifications – Toto – IV". Music Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  32. "Danish album certifications – Toto – IV". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  33. "Toto" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  34. "French album certifications – Toto – IV" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
  35. "Les Albums Platine". infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  36. "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Toto; 'IV')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
  37. "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1984". IFPI Hong Kong. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  38. "Dutch album certifications – Toto – IV" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved September 3, 2011. Enter IV in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  39. "British album certifications – Toto – IV". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  40. "American album certifications – Toto – IV". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
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