Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play

The Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play is an honor presented at the Tony Awards, a ceremony established in 1947 as the Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, to actresses for quality supporting roles in a Broadway play. The awards are named after Antoinette Perry, an American actress who died in 1946. Honors in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the Tony Award Productions, a joint venture of The Broadway League and the American Theatre Wing, to "honor the best performances and stage productions of the previous year."[1]

Tony Award for
Best Featured Actress in a Play
DescriptionBest Performance by an Actress in a Featured Role in a Play
LocationUnited States New York City
Presented byAmerican Theatre Wing, The Broadway League
Currently held byCelia Keenan-Bolger for To Kill a Mockingbird (2019)
WebsiteTonyAwards.com

Originally called the "Tony Award for Actress, Supporting or Featured (Dramatic)", Patricia Neal first won the award at the inception of the ceremony for her portrayal of Regina Hubbard in Lillian Hellman's Another Part of the Forest.[2] Before 1956, nominees' names were not made public:[3] the change was made by the awards committee to "have a greater impact on theatregoers".[4] The award was renamed in 1976, when Shirley Knight became the first winner under the new title for her role as Carla in Robert Patrick's Kennedy's Children.[5] Its most recent recipient is Celia Keenan-Bolger, for the role of Scout Finch, in To Kill a Mockingbird.[6]

Six actresses (Christine Baranski, Judith Ivey, Judith Light, Swoosie Kurtz, Audra McDonald, and Frances Sternhagen) hold the record for most awards in this category, each with a total of two. Portrayals of Ruth Younger in A Raisin in the Sun have won twice, for Audra McDonald and Sophie Okonedo. Supporting actresses in two of three plays in Neil Simon's Eugene trilogy (Brighton Beach Memoirs and Broadway Bound) were nominated for the Tony, and featured actresses in six parts of August Wilson's The Pittsburgh Cycle have also been nominated for the award.

Recipients

1947 award winner Patricia Neal
1958 award winner Anne Bancroft
1962 award winner Elizabeth Ashley
Two-time award winner Swoosie Kurtz
Two-time award winner Audra McDonald
2000 award winner Blair Brown
2001 award winner Viola Davis
2010 award winner Scarlett Johansson
Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play recipients[7][8]
Year Actress Role Work Nominees Ref.
1947 Patricia Neal Regina Hubbard Another Part of the Forest [2]
1948 [lower-alpha 1]
1949 Shirley Booth Grace Woods Goodbye, My Fancy [9]
1950[III] [lower-alpha 1]
1951 Maureen Stapleton Serafina Delle Rose The Rose Tattoo [10]
1952 Marian Winters Natalia Landauer I Am a Camera [11]
1953 Beatrice Straight Elizabeth Proctor The Crucible [12]
1954 Jo Van Fleet Jessie Mae Watts The Trip to Bountiful [13]
1955 Patricia Jessel Romaine Witness for the Prosecution [14]
1956 Una Merkel Edna Earle Ponder The Ponder Heart
  • Diane Cilento in Tiger at the Gates as Helen of Troy
  • Anne Jackson in Middle of the Night as The Daughter
  • Elaine Stritch in Bus Stop as Grace Hoylard
[15]
1957 Peggy Cass Agnes Gooch Auntie Mame
  • Anna Massey in The Reluctant Debutante as Jane Broadbent
  • Beryl Measor in Separate Tables as Pat Cooper
  • Mildred Natwick in The Waltz of the Toreadors as Mme. St. Pé
  • Phyllis Neilson-Terry in Separate Tables as Mrs. Railton-Bell
  • Diana Van der Vlis in The Happiest MillionaireCordelia Biddle
[16]
1958 Anne Bancroft Gittel Mosca Two for the Seesaw
  • Brenda De Banzie in The Entertainer as Phoebe Rice
  • Joan Blondell in The Rope Dancers as Mrs. Farrow
  • Mary Fickett in Sunrise at Campobello as Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Eileen Heckart in The Dark at the Top of the Stairs as Lottie Lacey
[17]
1959 Julie Newmar Katrin Sveg The Marriage-Go-Round
  • Maureen Delany in God and Kate Murphy as Carrie Donovan
  • Dolores Hart in The Pleasure of His Company as Jessica Poole
  • Nan Martin in J.B. as Sarah
  • Bertrice Reading in Requiem for a Nun as Nancy Mannigoe
[18]
1960 Anne Revere Anna Berniers Toys in the Attic
  • Leora Dana in The Best Man as Alice Russell
  • Jane Fonda in There Was a Little Girl as Toni Newton
  • Sarah Marshall in Goodbye, Charlie as Rusty Mayerling
  • Juliet Mills in Five Finger Exercise as Pamela Harrington
[19]
1961 Colleen Dewhurst Mary Follet All the Way Home
  • Eileen Heckart in Invitation to a March as DeeDee Grogan
  • Tresa Hughes in The Devil's Advocate as Nina Sanduzzi
  • Rosemary Murphy in Period of Adjustmentas Dorothea Bates
[20]
1962 Elizabeth Ashley Mollie Michaelson Take Her, She's Mine
  • Zohra Lampert in Look: We've Come Through as Jennifer Lewison
  • Janet Margolin in Daughter of Silence as Anna Albertini
  • Pat Stanley in Sunday in New York as Eileen Taylor
[21]
1963 Sandy Dennis Sandra Markowitz A Thousand Clowns
  • Melinda Dillon in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? as Honey
  • Alice Ghostley in The Beauty Part as Various Characters
  • Zohra Lampert in Mother Courage and Her Children as Kattrin
[22]
1964 Barbara Loden Maggie After the Fall
  • Rosemary Murphy in Any Wednesday as Dorothea Cleves
  • Kate Reid in Dylan as Caitlin Thomas
  • Diana Sands in Blues for Mister Charlie as Juanita
[23]
1965 Alice Ghostley Mavis Parodus Bryson The Sign in Sidney Brustein's Window
  • Rae Allen in Traveller Without Luggage as Juliette
  • Alexandra Berlin in All in Good Time as Violet Fitton
  • Carolan Daniels in Slow Dance on the Killing Ground as Rosie
[24]
1966 Zoe Caldwell Polly[lower-alpha 2] Slapstick Tragedy
  • Glenda Jackson in Marat/Sade as Charlotte Corday
  • Mairin D. O'Sullivan in Philadelphia, Here I Come! as Madge Mulhern
  • Brenda Vaccaro in Cactus Flower as Toni Simmons
[26]
1967 Marian Seldes Julia A Delicate Balance
  • Camila Ashland in Black Comedy as Miss. Furnival
  • Brenda Forbes in The Loves of Cass McGuire as Trilbe Costello
  • Maria Tucci in The Rose Tattoo as Rose Dell Rose
[27]
1968 Zena Walker Sheila A Day in the Death of Joe Egg
  • Pert Kelton in Spofford as Mrs. Punck
  • Ruth White in The Birthday Party as Meg
  • Eleanor Wilson in The Weekend as Mrs. Andrews
[28]
1969 Jane Alexander Eleanor Bachman The Great White Hope
  • Diane Keaton in Play It Again, Sam as Linda Christie
  • Lauren Jones in Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie? as Linda
  • Anna Manahan in Lovers as Hanna Wilson
[29]
1970 Blythe Danner Jill Tanner Butterflies Are Free
  • Alice Drummond in The Chinese and Dr. Fish as Mrs. Lee
  • Eileen Heckart in Butterflies Are Free as Mrs. Baker
  • Linda Lavin in Last of the Red Hot Lovers as Elaine Navazio
[30]
1971 Rae Allen Fleur Stein And Miss Reardon Drinks A Little
  • Lili Darvas in Les Blancs as Madame Neilsen
  • Joan Van Ark in The School for Wives Agnes
  • Mona Washbourne in Home Marian
[31]
1972 Elizabeth Wilson Harriet Sticks and Bones
  • Cara Duff-MacCormick in Moonchildren as Shelly
  • Mercedes McCambridge in The Love Suicide at Schofield Barracks as Mavis Parodus Bryson
  • Frances Sternhagen in The Sign in Sidney Brustein's Window Lucy Lake
[32]
1973 Leora Dana Elizabeth Edwards The Last of Mrs. Lincoln [33]
1974 Frances Sternhagen Multiple[lower-alpha 3] The Good Doctor
  • Regina Baff in Veronica's Room as Susan
  • Fionnula Flanagan in Ulysses in Nighttown as Various Characters
  • Charlotte Moore in Chemin de Fer as Sophie
  • Roxie Roker in The River Niger as Mattie Williams
[36]
1975 Rita Moreno Googie Gomez The Ritz
  • Linda Miller in Black Picture Show as Jane
  • Geraldine Page in Absurd Person Singular as Marion
  • Carole Shelley in Absurd Person Singular as Jane
  • Elizabeth Spriggs in London Assurance as Lady Gay Spanker
  • Frances Sternhagen in Equus as Dora Strang
[37]
1976 Shirley Knight Carla Kennedy's Children
  • Mary Beth Hurt in Trelawny of the 'Wells' as Rose Trewlawny
  • Lois Nettleton in They Knew What They Wanted as Amy
  • Meryl Streep in 27 Wagons Full of Cotton / A Memory of Two Mondays as Flora Meighan
[5]
1977 Trazana Beverley Lady in Red For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf
  • Patricia Elliott in The Shadow Box as Beverly
  • Rose Gregorio in The Shadow Box as Agnes
  • Mary McCarty in Anna Christie as Marthy Owen
[38]
1978 Ann Wedgeworth Faye Medwick Chapter Two
  • Starletta DuPois in The Mighty Gents as Rita
  • Swoosie Kurtz in Tartuffe as Mariane
  • Marian Seldes in Deathtrap as Myra Bruhl
[39]
1979 Joan Hickson Delia Bedroom Farce
  • Laurie Kennedy in Man and Superman as Violet Robinson
  • Susan Littler in Bedroom Farce as Kate
  • Mary-Joan Negro in Wings as Amy
[40]
1980 Dinah Manoff Libby Tucker I Ought to be in Pictures
  • Maureen Anderman in The Lady from Dubuque as Carol
  • Pamela Burrell in Strider as Various Characters
  • Lois de Banzie in Morning's at Seven as Myrtle Brown
[41]
1981 Swoosie Kurtz Gwen Landis Fifth of July
  • Maureen Stapleton in The Little Foxes as Birdie Hubbard
  • Jessica Tandy in Rose as Rose's mother
  • Zoë Wanamaker in Piaf as Tione
[42]
1982 Amanda Plummer Agnes Agnes of God
  • Judith Anderson in Medea as The Nurse
  • Mia Dillon in Crimes of the Heart as Babe MaGrath Botrelle
  • Mary Beth Hurt in Crimes of the Heart as Meg MaGrath
[43]
1983 Judith Ivey Josie Steaming
  • Elizabeth Franz in Brighton Beach Memoirs as Kate Jerome
  • Roxanne Hart in Passion as Kate
  • Margaret Tyzack in All's Well That Ends Well as Countess of Rossillion
[44]
1984 Christine Baranski Charlotte The Real Thing
  • Jo Henderson in Play Memory as Ruth MacMillan
  • Dana Ivey in Heartbreak House as Lady Utterword
  • Deborah Rush in Noises Off as Brooke Ashton
[45]
1985 Judith Ivey Bonnie Hurlyburly
  • Joanna Gleason in A Day in the Death of Joe Egg as Pam
  • Theresa Merritt in Ma Rainey's Black Bottom as Ma Rainey
  • Sigourney Weaver in Hurlyburly as Darlene
[46]
1986 Swoosie Kurtz Bananas Shaughnessy The House of Blue Leaves
  • Stockard Channing in The House of Blue Leaves Bunny Flingus
  • Bethel Leslie in Long Day's Journey into Night as Mary Tyrone
  • Zoë Wanamaker in Loot as Fay
[47]
1987 Mary Alice Rose Fences
  • Annette Bening in Coastal Disturbances as Holly Dancer
  • Phyllis Newman in Broadway Bound as Blanche Morton
  • Carole Shelley in Stepping Out as Maxine
[48]
1988 L. Scott Caldwell Bertha Holly Joe Turner's Come and Gone
  • Kimberleigh Aarn in Joe Turner's Come and Gone as Mattie Cambell
  • Kate Nelligan in Serious Money as Various Characters
  • Kimberly Scott in Joe Turner's Come and Gone as Molly Cunningham
[49]
1989 Christine Baranski Chris Gorman Rumors
  • Joanne Camp in The Heidi Chronicles as Various Characters
  • Tovah Feldshuh in Lend Me a Tenor as Maria Merelli
  • Penelope Ann Miller in Our Town as Emily Webb
[50]
1990 Margaret Tyzack Lotte Schoen Lettice and Lovage [51]
1991 Irene Worth Grandma Kurnitz Lost in Yonkers
  • Amelia Campbell in Our Country's Good as Various Characters
  • Kathryn Erbe in The Speed of Darkness as Mary
  • J. Smith-Cameron in Our Country's Good as Various Characters
[52]
1992 Brid Brennan Agnes Dancing at Lughnasa
  • Rosaleen Linehan in Dancing at Lughnasa as Kate Mundy
  • Cynthia Martells in Two Trains Running as Risa
  • Dearbhla Molloy in Dancing at Lughnasa as Maggie Mundy
[53]
1993 Debra Monk Geneva Redwood Curtain [54]
1994 Jane Adams Sheila Birling An Inspector Calls
  • Debra Monk in Picnic as Rosemary Sydney
  • Jeanne Paulson in The Kentucky Cycle as Various Characters
  • Anne Pitoniak in Picnic as Helen Potts
[55]
1995 Frances Sternhagen Lavinia Penniman The Heiress
  • Suzanne Bertish in The Molière Comedies as Lisette
  • Cynthia Nixon in Indiscretions as Madeleine Ozeray
  • Mercedes Ruehl in The Shadow Box as Beverly
[56]
1996 Audra McDonald Sharon Graham Master Class
  • Viola Davis in Seven Guitars as Vera
  • Michele Shay in Seven Guitars as Louise
  • Lois Smith in Buried Child as Hallie
[57]
1997 Lynne Thigpen Dr. Judith B. Kaufman An American Daughter
  • Helen Carey in London Assurance as Lady Gay Spanker
  • Dana Ivey in The Last Night of Ballyhoo as Boo Levy
  • Celia Weston in The Last Night of Ballyhooas Reba Freitag
[58]
1998 Anna Manahan Mags Folan The Beauty Queen of Leenane
  • Enid Graham in Honour as Sophie
  • Linda Lavin in The Diary of Anne Frank as Petronella van Daan
  • Julyana Soelistyo in Golden Child as Eng Ahn
[59]
1999 Elizabeth Franz Linda Loman Death of a Salesman
  • Claire Bloom in Electra as Clytemnestra
  • Samantha Bond in Amy's View as Amy Thomas
  • Dawn Bradfield in The Lonesome West as Girleen Kelleher
[60]
2000 Blair Brown Margrethe Bohr Copenhagen
  • Frances Conroy in The Ride Down Mt. Morgan as Theo
  • Amy Ryan in Uncle Vanya as Sonya Serebryakova
  • Helen Stenborg in Waiting in the Wings as Sarita Myrtle
  • Sarah Woodward in The Real Thing as Charlotte
[61]
2001 Viola Davis Tonya King Hedley II
  • Johanna Day in Proof as Claire
  • Penny Fuller in The Dinner Party as Gabrielle Buonocelli
  • Marthe Keller in Judgment at Nuremberg as Mme. Bertholt
  • Michele Lee in The Tale of the Allergist's Wife as Lee Green
[62]
2002 Katie Finneran Brooke Ashton Noises Off
  • Kate Burton in The Elephant Man as Madge Kendal
  • Elizabeth Franz in Morning's at Seven as Aaronetta Gibbs
  • Estelle Parsons in Morning's at Seven as Cora Swanson
  • Frances Sternhagen in Morning's at Seven as Ida Bolton
[63]
2003 Michele Pawk Louise Hollywood Arms
  • Christine Ebersole in Dinner at Eight as Millicent Jordan
  • Linda Emond in Life x 3 as Inez
  • Kathryn Meisle in Tartuffe as Elmire
  • Marian Seldes in Dinner at Eight as Carlotta Vance
[64]
2004 Audra McDonald Ruth Younger A Raisin in the Sun
  • Essie Davis in Jumpers as Dotty
  • Sanaa Lathan in A Raisin in the Sun as Beneatha Younger
  • Margo Martindale in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof as Big Momma Pollitt
  • Daphne Rubin-Vega in Anna in the Tropics as Conchita
[65]
2005 Adriane Lenox Mrs. Muller Doubt: A Parable
  • Mireille Enos in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? as Honey
  • Heather Goldenhersh in Doubt: A Parable as Sister James
  • Dana Ivey in The Rivals as Mrs. Malaprop
  • Amy Ryan in A Streetcar Named Desire as Stella Kowalski
[66]
2006 Frances de la Tour Mrs. Lintott The History Boys
  • Tyne Daly in Rabbit Hole as Nat
  • Jayne Houdyshell in Well as Ann Kron
  • Alison Pill in The Lieutenant of Inishmore as Mairead
  • Zoë Wanamaker in Awake and Sing! as Bessie Berger
[67]
2007 Jennifer Ehle Multiple[lower-alpha 4] The Coast of Utopia
  • Xanthe Elbrick in Coram Boy as Various Characters
  • Dana Ivey in Butley as Edna Shaft
  • Jan Maxwell in Coram Boy as Various Characters
  • Martha Plimpton in The Coast of Utopia as Various Characters
[69]
2008 Rondi Reed Mattie Fae Aiken August: Osage County
  • Sinéad Cusack in Rock 'n' Roll as Eleanor
  • Mary McCormack in Boeing-Boeing as Gretchen
  • Laurie Metcalf in November as Clarice Bernstein
  • Martha Plimpton in Top Girls as Angie
[70]
2009 Angela Lansbury Madame Arcati Blithe Spirit
  • Hallie Foote in Dividing the Estate as Mary Jo Gordon
  • Jessica Hynes in The Norman Conquests as Annie
  • Marin Ireland in reasons to be pretty as Steph
  • Amanda Root in The Norman Conquests as Sarah
[71]
2010 Scarlett Johansson Catherine A View from the Bridge
  • Maria Dizzia in In the Next Room (or The Vibrator Play) as Mrs. Daldry
  • Rosemary Harris in The Royal Family as Fanny Cavendish
  • Jessica Hecht in A View from the Bridge as Beatrice Carbone
  • Jan Maxwell in Lend Me a Tenor as Maria Merelli
[72]
2011 Ellen Barkin Dr. Emma Brookner The Normal Heart
  • Edie Falco in The House of Blue Leaves as Bananas Shaughnessy
  • Judith Light in Lombardi as Marie Lombardi
  • Joanna Lumley in La Bête as The Princess
  • Elizabeth Rodriguez in The Motherfucker with the Hat as Veronica
[73]
2012 Judith Light Silda Grauman Other Desert Cities
  • Linda Emond in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman as Linda Loman
  • Spencer Kayden in Don't Dress for Dinner as Suzette
  • Celia Keenan-Bolger in Peter and the Starcatcher as Molly Aster
  • Condola Rashād in Stick Fly as Cheryl
[74]
2013 Judith Light Faye The Assembled Parties
  • Carrie Coon in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? as Honey
  • Shalita Grant in Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike as Cassandra
  • Judith Ivey in The Heiress as Lavinia Penniman
  • Condola Rashad in The Trip to Bountiful as Thelma
[75]
2014 Sophie Okonedo Ruth Younger A Raisin in the Sun
  • Sarah Greene in The Cripple of Inishmaan as Helen McCormack
  • Celia Keenan-Bolger in The Glass Menagerie as Laura Wingfield
  • Anika Noni Rose in A Raisin in the Sun as Beneatha Younger
  • Mare Winningham in Casa Valentina as Rita
[76]
2015 Annaleigh Ashford Essie Carmichael You Can't Take It with You
  • Patricia Clarkson in The Elephant Man as Madge Kendal
  • Lydia Leonard in Wolf Hall Parts One & Two as Anne Boleyn
  • Sarah Stiles in Hand to God as Jessica
  • Julie White in Airline Highway as Tanya
[77]
2016 Jayne Houdyshell Deirdre Blake The Humans
  • Pascale Armand in Eclipsed as Bessie
  • Megan Hilty in Noises Off as Brooke Ashton
  • Andrea Martin in Noises Off as Dotty Otley
  • Saycon Sengbloh in Eclipsed as Helena
[78]
2017 Cynthia Nixon Birdie Hubbard The Little Foxes
  • Johanna Day in Sweat as Tracey
  • Jayne Houdyshell in A Doll's House, Part 2 as Anne Marie
  • Condola Rashād in A Doll's House, Part 2 as Emmy Helmer
  • Michelle Wilson in Sweat as Cynthia
[79]
2018 Laurie Metcalf B Three Tall Women [80]
2019 Celia Keenan-Bolger Scout Finch To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Fionnula Flanagan in The Ferryman as Aunt Maggie Far Away
  • Kristine Nielsen in Gary: A Sequel to Titus Andronicus as Janice
  • Julie White in Gary: A Sequel to Titus Andronicus as Carol
  • Ruth Wilson in King Lear as Cordelia/Fool
[6]
2021 TBA TBA TBA
  • Jane Alexander in Grand Horizons as Nancy
  • Chalia La Tour in Slave Play as Teá
  • Annie McNamara in Slave Play as Alana
  • Lois Smith in The Inheritance as Margaret
  • Cora Vander Broek in Linda Vista as Jules

Win total

2 Wins
  • Christine Baranski
  • Judith Ivey
  • Swoosie Kurtz
  • Judith Light (consecutive)
  • Audra McDonald
  • Frances Sternhagen

Nomination total

Character win total

2 Wins
  • Ruth Younger from A Raisin in the Sun

Character nomination total

Trivia

  • Supporting actresses in two of three plays in Neil Simon's Eugene trilogy (Brighton Beach Memoirs and Broadway Bound) were nominated for the Tony.
  • Featured actresses in six parts of August Wilson's The Pittsburgh Cycle have been nominated for the award.
  • Featured actress Trazana Beverley in Ntozake Shange's for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf is the first African American actor to receive the award.

See also

Notes

  1. The Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play was not presented in 1948 or 1950.
  2. Slapstick Tragedy, written by Tennessee Williams, is a double-bill featuring two one act plays: The Mutilated and The Gnädiges Fräulein; Caldwell played "Polly" in The Gnädiges Fräulein.[25]
  3. Sternhagen plays multiple roles in The Good Doctor;[34] as described by its author, the play is composed of "sketches, Vaudeville scenes, if you will, written with my non-consenting collaborator, Anton Chekhov".[35]
  4. The Coast of Utopia is broken into three parts. Ehle played Liubov in "Voyage" (part one), Natalie Herzen in "Shipwreck" (part two), and Malwida von Meysenbug in "Salvage" (part three).[68]

References

  1. Kirkley, Donald (April 21, 1968). "Operation Frenzy Before the Tony Awards". The Baltimore Sun. p. T2. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2011.(subscription required)
  2. Corliss, Richard (August 11, 2010). "A Life of Tragedy and Triumph: Patricia Neal (1926–2010)". Time. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  3. Simons, Linda Keir (1994). The Performing Arts: a Guide to the Reference Literature. ABC-CLIO. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-87287-982-9. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  4. Gelb, Arthur (April 1, 1956). "Popularizing the Tony Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2011. (subscription required)
  5. Patrick, Robert (1976). Kennedy's Children: a play in two acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-573-61126-1. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  6. "Here Are All the Winners From the 2019 Tony Awards". Billboard. June 9, 2019. Archived from the original on May 6, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  7. "Tony Awards". Internet Broadway Database. Archived from the original on 12 May 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  8. "Nominations/Actress (Featured Role – Play)". Tony Awards. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  9. Kanin, Fay (1976). Goodbye, My Fancy: a comedy in three acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-573-60950-3. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  10. Williams, Tennessee (1951). The Rose Tattoo: play in 3 acts. Dramatists Play Service. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-8222-0971-3. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  11. Druten, John Van (1955). I Am a Camera: a play in three acts. Dramatists Play Service. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8222-0545-6.
  12. Gussow, Mel (April 11, 2001). "Beatrice Straight, Versatile Star, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  13. Foote, Horton (1954). The Trip to Bountiful: play in three acts. Dramatists Play Service. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-8222-1174-7. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  14. Brown, Dennis E. (December 4, 1954). "Witness for the Prosecution At the Plymouth". The Harvard Crimson. The Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
  15. "Merkel dies at 82". The Gazette. Postmedia Network. January 6, 1986. Retrieved January 14, 2012.
  16. "Peggy Cass, 74, an Actress; Won Tony as Agnes Gooch". The New York Times. March 10, 1999. Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  17. Gibson, William (1960). Two for the Seesaw: a comedy-drama in three acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-573-61707-2.
  18. Leslie, Stevens (1987). The Marriage-Go-Round: a comedy in two acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-573-61219-0. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  19. Hellman, Lillian (1960). Toys in the Attic: a drama in three acts. Dramatists Play Service. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8222-1163-1. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  20. Mosel, Tad (1961). All the Way Home: a drama in three acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-573-60525-3.
  21. "Second Playhouse Show Will Open Tonight". Palm Beach Daily News. Cox Enterprises. January 28, 1963. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  22. Gardner, Herb (1961). A Thousand Clowns: a comedy in three acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-573-61657-0. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  23. Miller, Arthur (1964). After the Fall. Dramatists Play Service. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8222-0010-9.
  24. Hansberry, Lorraine (1986). The sign in Sidney Brustein's window: a drama in two acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-573-61541-2. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
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  30. "Author penned the hit play 'Butterflies Are Free'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 25, 2002. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
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  32. Rabe, David (1979). Sticks and Bones: a play in two acts. Samuel French, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-573-61583-2. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  33. Prideaux, James (1973). The Last of Mrs. Lincoln: a play in two acts. Dramatists Play Service. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8222-0638-5. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  34. Simon, Neil (1974). The Good Doctor: a new comedy with music. Samuel French, Inc. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-573-60971-8. Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2012-03-01.
  35. "The Good Doctor". Northeastern Illinois University. 2003. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  36. "Winners and Honorees". Tony Awards. Retrieved June 2, 2020.
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