St. Petersburg, Florida
St. Petersburg is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. As of the 2020 census estimate, the population was 271,842, making it the fifth-most populous city in Florida, the second-largest city in the Tampa Bay Area, after Tampa, and the largest in the state that is not a county seat (the city of Clearwater is the seat of Pinellas County). Along with Clearwater, these cities are part of the Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area, the second-largest in Florida with a population of around 2.8 million. St. Petersburg is located on the Pinellas peninsula between Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, and is connected to mainland Florida to the north.
St. Petersburg, Florida
|City of St. Petersburg|
St. Petersburg skyline
"St. Pete"; "Florida's Sunshine City"
"Always in Season"
Location in Pinellas County and the state of Florida
St. Petersburg, Florida
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 27°46′23″N 82°38′24″W|
|Incorporated||February 29, 1892|
|Re-Incorporated as City||June 6, 1903|
|Named for||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|• Type||Strong Mayor-Commission|
|• Mayor||Rick Kriseman (D)|
|• City||131.34 sq mi (340.16 km2)|
|• Land||61.81 sq mi (160.10 km2)|
|• Water||69.52 sq mi (180.06 km2)|
|Elevation||44 ft (13.4 m)|
|• Density||4,292.73/sq mi (1,657.42/km2)|
|• Urban||2,441,770 (17th)|
|• Metro||2,870,569 (18th)|
|Demonym(s)||St. Petersburger, St. Peteian, Burgian, Saint Petersburgite|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||290375|
St. Petersburg was founded in 1888 by John C. Williams, who purchased the land, and by Peter Demens who brought the railroad industry into the area. A coin toss bet was held between Williams and Demens to name this newly formed community. Demens won the bet and subsequently named the land after Saint Petersburg, Russia. Williams was then granted the right to name the first hotel built (which he named the Detroit Hotel). Both named their winnings after their personal hometowns. St. Petersburg was incorporated as a town on February 29, 1892 and re-incorporated as a city on June 6, 1903.
The city is often referred to by locals as St. Pete. Neighboring St. Pete Beach formally shortened its name in 1994 after a vote by its residents. St. Petersburg is governed by a mayor and city council.
With an average of some 361 days of sunshine each year, and a Guinness World Record for logging the most consecutive days of sunshine (768 days between 1967 and 1969), it is nicknamed "The Sunshine City". Located on the Gulf of Mexico, the average water temperature is typically around 76 °F (24 °C). Due to its good weather and low cost of living, the city has long been a popular retirement destination, although in recent years the population has moved in a much more youthful direction.
American Style magazine ranked St. Petersburg its top mid-size city in 2011, citing its "vibrant" arts scene. The arts in St. Petersburg led the city to be named "One of the Best Street Art Cities in the World." St. Petersburg was also listed upon one of the top three places to visit in Florida. CNN ranked the city as the seventh best place to retire, with 15 percent of the population over 65 years-old. In 2020, St. Petersburg was awarded a spot on "the top cities to visit" in Conde Nast's 33rd annual Conde Nast Traveler 2020 Reader's Choice Awards. The city was recognized for being a "perfect" getaway because of its iconic beaches and historic destinations. St. Petersburg most recently joined 290 other cities as an "International City of Peace". This honor was granted by the International Cities of Peace and marks the second city in Florida to be given the title.
Early Spanish Exploration
The Pánfilo de Narváez expedition landed on the shores of Boca Ciega Bay at the Jungle Prada Site on April 14, 1528. It was the first inland exploration of North America. Of 300 men on the expedition only four survived. One of the survivors of the expedition, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, wrote the first book describing the peoples, wildlife, flora and fauna of inland North America in his Relacion, published in Spain in 1542.
The city was co-founded by John C. Williams, formerly of Detroit, who purchased the land in 1875, and by Peter Demens who was instrumental in bringing the terminus of the Orange Belt Railway there in 1888. The first major newspaper to debut in Tampa Bay was the St. Petersburg Times which established in 1884. St. Petersburg was incorporated as a town on February 29, 1892, when it had a population of 300 people.
A local legend says that John C. Williams and Peter Demens flipped a coin to see who would have the honor of naming the city. When Demens won the coin toss the city was named after Saint Petersburg, Russia, where Peter Demens had spent half of his youth, while John C. Williams named the first hotel after his birthplace, Detroit (a hotel built by Demens). The Detroit Hotel still exists downtown, but has been turned into a condominium. The oldest running hotels are the historic Pier Hotel, built in 1921, formally Hotel Cordova and The Heritage Hotel (now named Hotel Indigo), built in 1926.
Philadelphia publisher F. A. Davis turned on St. Petersburg's first electrical service in 1897. The city's first major industry was born in 1899 when Henry W. Hibbs (1862–1942), a native of Newport, North Carolina, established his wholesale fish business at the end of the railroad pier, which extended out to the shipping channel. Within a year, Hibbs Fish Company was shipping more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg) of fish each day.
St. Petersburg was incorporated as a city in June 1903. With this transition, the development of the downtown waterfront had dredging of a deeper shipping channel from 1906 to 1908 which opened St. Petersburg to larger shipping. Further dredging improved the port facilities through the 1910s. By then the city's population had quadrupled to a population of 4,127 citizens. F. A. Davis was instrumental to bringing the first trolley service in 1904.
In 1914, the Tampa Bay area was one of the first Floridian cities that liked baseball tracing because of its origins from Tampa and St. Petersburg. The former mayor of St. Petersburg, Al Lang, had invited the St. Louis Browns to move their spring training into the city.
In 1914 an airplane service across Tampa Bay from St. Petersburg to Tampa and back was initiated, generally considered the first scheduled commercial airline flight. The flight took former mayor Abe Pheil to Tampa. The company name was the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line, and the pilot was Tony Jannus flying a Benoist XIV flying boat. The Tony Jannus Award is presented annually for outstanding achievement in the airline industry.
The 1920s in St. Petersburg was big due to its major growth brought by tourists. Tourists came from all over by automobile, yacht, and railroad. Travel time from across the bay was cut due to the Gandy Bridge's opening in 1924, helping St. Petersburg increase in tourist numbers and helped grow it into the largest city in Pinellas County. The city also adopted the Mediterranean-style architecture brought by Snell Isle founder Perry Snell. An attraction that brought on a great number of tourists and citizens was the Million Dollar Pier which was built in 1926.
The St. Petersburg flag was created in 1927 and was designed by Mayor C.J. Maurer along with a committee of other public officials. It features an array of colors symbolic of St. Pete's culture including the sunshine, water and land. The idea came after officials called for a new logo which later became the design for the flag. The pelican featured in the center became a symbol for the "Feed the Pelican Fund" which supports the birds during the winter months.
Tourism declined by the late 1920s and early 1930s due to the Great Depression. The city recovered later in the 1930s with the help of the Public Works Administration, including a $10 million investment plan in 1939 which helped build the St. Petersburg City Hall.
By the 1940s, the city received population growth due to World War II. St. Petersburg was a training ground area for the U.S. Coast Guard which had a training base and used the city's Bayboro Harbor, and for the Army Air Force which was selected by the War Department to use the city as their technical service training station. With both stations occupying the city, more than 100,000 troops occupied all hotels in St. Petersburg. After the war, most troops who were stationed in St. Petersburg returned as residents or tourists.
In the 1950s, St. Petersburg experienced another population increase with residents. The development of transportation was important with the increase of tourists, more automobiles were used in the city and subsequently the public street cars were removed. In 1954 the original Sunshine Skyway Bridge opened its first span to link St. Petersburg with Manatee County. A year later in 1955, Highway 19 opened in the city creating a large influx of traffic. By the end of the 1950s, tourists and retirees increased in the area.
The development of major transportation continued into the 1960s with the completion of the Howard Frankland Bridge in 1960, creating another connection between St. Petersburg and Tampa. St. Petersburg also received its first stadium named the Bayfront Center which hosted the first professional hockey league in Tampa Bay. A new municipal marina and the Museum of Fine Arts were also built downtown. St. Petersburg is home to one of the world's largest reclaimed water systems that was built in the 1970s which flows 37 million gallons of water per day to provide for customers located throughout the city.
From May to August 1968, 211 of the city's sanitation workers struck for higher wages. The strike began approximately one month after Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination in Memphis, Tennessee while supporting that city's sanitation workers strike.
In 1984, a full-scale flying replica of the Benoist XIV flying boat was constructed by Florida Aviation Historical Society for the 70th anniversary of the flight. This aircraft is now on loan to the St. Petersburg Museum of History in St. Petersburg, Florida.
Development of the first Major League Baseball team to be located in the Tampa Bay area began in St. Petersburg throughout the 1970s. The city tried to encourage numerous teams through the United States to make St. Petersburg their new home. With the need of a major league baseball team, designs for a ballpark were first presented in 1983 and construction for a permanent dome stadium began in 1986. The stadium opened in 1990 as the Florida Suncoast Dome, later named the Thunderdome in 1993. After many attempts to attract tenants to the new stadium, Major League Baseball gave St. Petersburg a franchise in 1995. In 1996, the dome was renamed a third time to Tropicana Field after naming rights were established with Tropicana Dole Beverages. The Tampa Bay Devil Rays was then established in 1998 after the stadium's renovation and the new team played their first game on March 31, 1998, giving the Tampa Bay area their first professional baseball team.
The city population continued to multiply during the 20th century, booming in the 1940s and 1950s and through the 1970s as the town became a popular retirement destination for Americans from midwestern cities, reaching 238,647 in the 1980 census. CNN named St. Pete the #7 Best Place to Retire. Nearly 15 percent of St. Pete's population fall over the age of 65. By that time, however, the population had leveled off, and has grown by only 10,000 since then. In the decade from 2000 to 2010, the population of the city dropped by approximately 4000 residents, while in the same period the population of Florida increased by over two and a half million residents.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 137.6 square miles (356.4 km2). 61.7 square miles (159.9 km2) of it is land, and 75.9 square miles (196.5 km2) of it (55.13%) is water. St. Petersburg is bordered by three bodies of water, the Old Tampa Bay, Middle Tampa Bay, and Lower Tampa Bay, all of which form the Tampa Bay.
Downtown St. Petersburg is the Central Business District, containing high rises for office use. The Tampa Bay Times newspaper is headquartered in the downtown area. The Poynter Institute, which owns the paper, is located on 3rd Street South.
The Mahaffey Theater complex, the Morean Arts Center, dozens of other art galleries, Haslam's Bookstore, The Coliseum, Palladium Theatre, and Jannus Live are among the galleries and cultural venues featured downtown. Several prominent museums are located in the perimeter. Many of them have received notable accolades, including the Chihuly Collection presented by the Morean Arts Center, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Salvador Dalí Museum, the now-closed Florida International Museum, the St. Petersburg Museum of History, Florida Holocaust Museum, and the James Museum of Western and Wildlife Art. The city hosts many outdoor festivals throughout the year.
St. Petersburg's downtown has been rated among the best in the South. The area's beaches are a 10-mile (16 km) drive from downtown.
Jutting a half mile into the bay was the St. Petersburg Pier, a major tourist attraction that offered various activities. "The Lens" design which was chosen by the International Design Competition Jury and accepted by City Council later had its contract terminated by a citywide election during the summer of 2013. Following this, the "Pier Park" was chosen out of the 16 new design teams that submitted work in late 2014 and in 2015 the Pier Park was set for construction in early 2017. The new Pier District opened on July 6, 2020, and contains green space, the Marketplace, playground, splash pad, and several public art installations, including Janet Echelman's aerial net sculpture, Bending Art.
Downtown also contains the University of South Florida St. Petersburg and a downtown branch of St. Petersburg College. The downtown perimeter includes several parks, most of which are waterfront or lakefront. Straub Park is nearly a half mile long, boasts a waterfront location, and is home of the St. Petersburg Museum of Fine Arts. Because of the number of parks in the downtown area, The Trust for Public Land ranks St. Petersburg 1st in Florida and 15th out of 100 of the largest cities in the U.S. The Vinoy Park Hotel has a bayfront location, a spot on the National Register of Historic Places, and an AAA Four-Diamond rating. It fronts Vinoy Park, which holds music festivals, including the Warped Tour. Nearby is the historic Tramor Cafeteria building, now part of the Tampa Bay Times. The city is connected via the Looper Trolley.
Most of the dining and nightlife can be found downtown on or near Central Avenue or Beach Drive along the waterfront. Venues include Jannus Live and the State Theatre. The active nightlife scene is credited to recent demographic and regulatory changes. In 2010, the city council voted to extend bar hours until 3 A.M., identical to cross-bay "rival" Tampa.
Tropicana Field, home of Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays, is located in the western part of downtown. Until 2008, the team played its spring training games at nearby Progress Energy Park. This setup was unique, making St. Petersburg the first city that played host to its baseball team during spring training as well as the regular season since the 1919 Philadelphia Athletics. At the end of 2007, there was a debate over a new stadium to be built on the downtown waterfront at the current Progress Energy Park site. Tropicana Field would be demolished and replaced with prime residential and retail space. Completion of the stadium was planned for 2012; however, the proposal has been tabled indefinitely while a community-based organization investigates all alternatives for new stadium construction.
St. Petersburg has the third-largest dedicated public waterfront park system in North America, with a waterfront park system that stretches 7 miles (11 km) and is used year-round for public events, festivals and other activities. In the early 20th century, citizens and city leaders engaged in a long and boisterous debate over the future of the young city's waterfront space, with one side advocating for commercial, port and industrial development and the other side advocating for a long-term commitment to parks and public access to the waterfront. The public access and park contingent won the debate when, on Christmas Eve 1909, the city announced the acquisition of the waterfront land that is encompassed by the waterfront park system.
Northshore Aquatic Complex is a public pool and small water park located downtown on the St. Petersburg waterfront. Northshore contains a 50 meter pool with diving board, 25 meter training pool with zero depth entry, a play pool, and is home to both Saint Petersburg Aquatics swim club and Saint Petersburg Masters swim club.
St. Petersburg is home to more than 100 neighborhoods, with most of the historic districts located near the bay. On the central Eastern edge of the city is Downtown St. Petersburg, which includes the city's residential and commercial skyscrapers, art galleries, museums, and parks. The downtown area is home to the central business district and to many start-up companies, corporate branches, banks, law firms, and restaurants. Apart from downtown's business and cultural offerings, the area also includes a branch of St. Petersburg College and the campus of the University of South Florida St. Petersburg. The downtown district is home to two professional sports teams, the Tampa Bay Rays, which play in the western part of downtown at Tropicana Field, and the Tampa Bay Rowdies, which play along the downtown waterfront at Al Lang Stadium.
North of Downtown St. Petersburg lie Historic Old Northeast and Snell Isle, which both have Mediterranean style historic and waterfront homes, parks, and recreational areas. Old Northeast is also home to a shopping district, city landmarks, beaches, and small shops as well as small residential high rises. Snell Isle was founded by C. Perry Snell who bought up the land to develop upscale properties in the 1900s, and helped create some of St. Petersburg's resorts such as the Vinoy Park Hotel and the St. Petersburg Woman's Club, both of which are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
The far north consists of the Gateway area which overlaps part of Pinellas Park, home to major employers such as Home Shopping Network and currently the site of much construction of residential and business buildings and of new toll roads.
The central portion of St. Petersburg includes the Grand Central District and Historic Kenwood. The Grand Central District houses the city's cafes, art galleries, restaurants, and bars all owing to the Craftsman style architecture. Historic Kenwood is filled with art studios and galleries similarly to the Grand Central District. Kenwood was named "Neighborhood of the Year" in 2020 by Neighborhood, USA for revitalization and beautification.
South of downtown St. Petersburg is Historic Roser Park, which houses historic Mediterranean and Eclectic style housing, parks, and museums. The neighborhood is divided by Booker Creek which flows into Bayboro Harbor.
St. Petersburg has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with a defined rainy season from June through September. St. Petersburg, like the rest of the Tampa Bay area, is occasionally affected by tropical storms and hurricanes. However, the last time a hurricane directly struck the city was in 1946. Many portions of St. Petersburg, especially along the bay and in south St. Petersburg, have warmer microclimates. Due to this, royal palms and coconut palms, as well as other tropical plants can be found throughout the city, and the city is home to the Gizella Kopsick Palm Arboretum, a 2-acre (0.81 ha) park which houses over 500 palms and cycads, including a pair of large Jamaican Tall coconut palms which predate the freeze of 1989.
|Climate data for St. Petersburg, Florida, 1991-2020 normals, extremes 1892-2015|
|Record high °F (°C)||88
|Average high °F (°C)||69.8
|Daily mean °F (°C)||62.1
|Average low °F (°C)||54.3
|Record low °F (°C)||27
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.97
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.0||5.9||6.5||4.9||4.9||11.5||14.5||15.3||13.5||6.4||4.4||6.0||100.8|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|2010 Census||St. Petersburg||Pinellas County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||−1.4%||−0.5%||+17.6%|
|Population density||3,964.4/sq mi||3,347.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||68.7%||82.1%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||64.3%||76.9%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||23.9%||10.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||6.6%||8.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.3%||0.3%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.1%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (multiracial)||2.5%||2.2%||2.5%|
|Some other race||1.3%||2.0%||3.6%|
According to a 2010 census, the city contained 244,769 people, making St. Petersburg the largest city in Pinellas County, and 129,401 households. The population density was 3,964.4 per square mile (1530.7/km2).
The racial makeup of St. Petersburg was 168,036 (68.7%) White, 58,577 (23.9%) African American, 7,779 (3.2%) Asian (0.8% Vietnamese, 0.5% Filipino, 0.5% Indian, 0.3% Chinese, 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Japanese, and 1.0% Other Asian), 723 (0.3%) Native American, 135 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 3,474 (1.4%) from other races, and 6,045 (2.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race numbered 16,214 (6.6%), with 5,272 (2.2%) Puerto Rican, 2,855 (1.2%) Mexican, 2,835 (1.2%) Cuban, and other Hispanic or Latino people making up 5,252 (2.1%) of the population.
With the city having 129,401 households, 108,815 (84.1%) were occupied while 20,586 (15.9%) were not occupied. With 108,815 of the population in households, 3,888 (1.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group-quarters and 2,719 (1.1%) were institutionalized. There were 108,815 households, out of which 23,304 (21.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 37,847 (34.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 16,425 (15.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 4,849 (4.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 9,453 (3.9%) unmarried partnerships. 39,397 households (36.2%) were made up of individuals, and 28,267 (26.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19. Out of 108,815 occupied households, families made up 59,121 (54.3%) while non-families made up 49,694 (45.7%); the average family size was 2.88. The median age of the city was 41.6 years.
As of 2000, 23.85% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.295% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no adult living partner present, and 43.8% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.865.
In 2000, the city's population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.24 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $34,597, and the median income for a family was $43,198. Males had a median income of $30,794 versus $27,860 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,107. About 9.2% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. In 2010, 17.8% of the population was under the poverty line, including 32.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, those who spoke only English at home accounted were 88.53% of residents, Spanish was spoken by 4.43%, German by 0.78%, French by 0.72% of speakers, Vietnamese by 0.67%, Serbo-Croatian by 0.52%, and Laotian by 0.51% of the population.
St. Petersburg has the 6th highest rate of violent crime in Florida. It is the 58th ranking city in the United States when it comes to violent crime. It is less safe than 95% of cities in Florida. Evidence of the social unrest and the schism within the city, particularly between South St. Petersburg and the rest of the city came with the St. Petersburg, Florida riots of 1996. Police Officer David Crawford was murdered in February 2011 by then-teenager Nicholas Lindsey.
Much economic activity is concentrated in the Gateway area, which overlaps St. Petersburg and Pinellas Park. The median household income is $55,134. Health care, retail and professional services are the largest industries. The most common positions in St. Petersburg are Office and Administrative Support, Sales, and Management.
According to the City of St. Petersburg, Florida's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest private-sector (non-government, non-school) employers in the city are (with trends since 2010):
|2||Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital||3,700||Healthcare|
|3||Home Shopping Network||2,200||Retail|
|4||St. Anthony's Hospital||2,100||Healthcare|
|5||Publix Super Markets||2,000||Retail|
|6||Jabil Circuit||2,000||Electronics manufacturing services|
|7||Fidelity National Information Services||1,800||Financial sector|
|9||The Continental Group||1,200||Realtor|
The city's budget runs on a fiscal calendar beginning October 1 and ending the following September. In order to approve the budget, the city's mayor submits a proposal to the city council who will make decisions proceeding two public hearings which are in compliance with "Truth in Mileage." A finalized budget that complies with statues is then posted within 30 days as required by the state of Florida.
In 2017, the city of St. Petersburg has an operating budget of about $514.1 million. The budget contributed to various areas of the city including water resources, Police and Fire Departments, and Emergency Medical Services.
The Commercial Revitalization Program of 2020 provided grants to commercial developments providing future work to the city. Grants are provided to commercial buildings and developments outside of downtown and are provided as matching grants.
Arts and culture
The city of St. Petersburg incorporated a Community Cultural plan to continuously develop a climate of diversity and inclusivity among its citizens. Together, the city uses arts and culture to illustrate diverse expression, opportunity, and vibrancy. St. Petersburg is home to nearly 500 murals across the entire city created by both local and international artists.
One of the first of many major events of the year that takes place is the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Parade, in January. The parade hosts a Battle of the Bands, and drum line extravaganzas that have been duplicated in other cities.
In March the city hosts the annual Firestone Grand Prix of St. Petersburg. This is located in downtown St. Petersburg and is the first round of the IndyCar Series. It usually lasts three days with practice rounds, qualifications, and two main races. Firestone extended its sponsorship of the Gran Prix up until 2023. The sponsorship began in 2014 and the extension was announced at the beginning of the 2020 event.
One of the many art festivals, called the Mainsail Art Festival, is a free entry art exhibition at the Vinoy Park, which offers art sold by local artists. It also provides live music, awards, and food courts.
Every year, the Shine Mural Festival occurs around the city of St. Petersburg. This event includes an art exhibition of colorful murals throughout the city, which include different themes each year. This event is hosted by the St. Petersburg Arts Alliance.
A major event that takes place in June is the St. Pete Pride weekend, when the LGBT community and supporters celebrate in the streets with festivals, the 27/82 concert, and an LGBT pride parade. The weekend also hosts a variety of block parties, food stands, DJ stands, art festivals, local hosted parties, and the LGBT welcoming center.
Every year in October, an annual folk festival known as SPIFFS is held at Vinoy park. This event includes different ethnic cultures that share their food, crafts, and music. During the event, there is a parade that each country participates in, along with performances by their folk dance groups.
Greenhouse and USF St. Pete's College of Business host an annual event known as "St. Pete Pitch Night" in October. The event highlights up and coming entrepreneurs by providing participants the opportunity to stand before judges and pitch innovative business plans.
SHINE St. Pete Mural Festival is an annual event hosted by the St. Petersburg Arts Alliance. The event began in 2015 and since has contributed to nearly 93 murals designed by artists from across the globe. 2020 marked the first event entirely composed of Florida-based artists, more specifically from the Tampa Bay area.
From the end of November through December are holiday events. A tree lighting ceremony starts the celebrations. The Santa Parade is followed by Snowfest with "glice" skating, toboggan slides, and Kiddyland. Kids meet Santa and ice skate in the North Straub Park. North and South Straub Park are decorated with holiday lights and decorationsm while the Vinoy Park is decorated with large greeting cards created by the recreational centers in St. Petersburg.
On December 31, St. Petersburg has the year's last event, First Night St. Petersburg, where people celebrate the arts from venues across the city. In 2020, the event is set to be a three-hour virtual event with a variety of entertainment options. This is the first time in its 28 years that the event will be held virtually.
The city hosts a year-round event known as the "Second Saturday ArtWalk" where over 200 artists display their art in Downtown. Nearly 40 studios and galleries participate in the event which also includes local live entertainment and food.
Demonstrations and protests
St. Petersburg consistently plays home-base for peaceful protests and demonstrations revolving around an array of social issues to bring awareness to the community.
Pride month takes place annually throughout the month of June to celebrate and recognize the identities of LGBTQ+ persons. The city of St. Petersburg hosts a variety of events to celebrate Pride Month including the annual Pride Parade. Nearly 5,000 people participate in the parade down Bayshore Drive in St. Petersburg with thousands participating on the sidelines. Due to COVID-19, the city decided to cancel this year's parade, however, intend on continuing large celebrations in 2021.
The annual Women's March in the month of January typically takes place in Williams Park where thousands of individuals gather to march for female rights and equality. The last documented Women's March in St. Pete dates back to 2018 following the resurgence of the #MeToo Movement.
More recently, in 2020, the Black Lives Matter movement has swept through the state of Florida, specifically in St. Petersburg where protests and demonstrations continue to take place. On June 19, 2020, Terri Lipsey Scott along with sixteen artists unveiled a "Black Lives Matter" mural on the street across from the Dr. Carter G. Woodson African American Museum. Demonstrations and protests began following the death of George Floyd to raise awareness of systematic racism and demand social justice.
35.9 percent of St. Petersburg residents consider themselves religious. Catholics make up the largest group at 14 percent followed by Methodists and Baptists, each of which compose of about four percent of the religious community. The Diocese of St. Petersburg governs 74 Catholic parishes as well as 46 schools and 480,000 Catholics in the Tampa Bay area. Bishop Gregory Parkes currently leads the Diocese of St. Petersburg which covers five counties in the state of Florida.
The city has a children's museum (Great Explorations) and a Museum of Fine Arts. Additionally, the Museum of the American Arts and Crafts Movement was expected to open in 2017, but is yet to be opened to the public following delays in breaking ground, construction, and other complications. The St. Petersburg Museum of History has a full-size replica of the Benoist XIV seaplane and is located near the approximate spot by the St. Petersburg Pier where the first scheduled commercial flight departed. St. Petersburg is home to the Dr. Carter G. Woodson African American Museum which highlights the life of Carter G. Woodson who founded the Associated Publishers and is the author of nearly 30 books still prevalent today. Past exhibits and events featured in the museum include the Ray McLendon Exhibit, a discussion of race and politics series, and a seminar on the conviction of Michael Morgan. The city also has the Holocaust Museum, and the Salvador Dalí Museum, which houses the largest collection of Dalí's works outside of Europe, including a number of famous and large-scale paintings such as The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. The Chihuly Collection, located at 400 Beach Drive, houses glass sculptures of Dale Chihuly. There are various other smaller art galleries and entertainment venues, especially in the downtown area, which has seen a boom in development since the mid-1990s; these include the Mahaffey Theater complex, American Stage (an equity regional theater), The Coliseum, Palladium Theatre, Midtown Royal Theater, the Arts Center, and the Florida Craftsmen Gallery.
There are seven distinct art districts in St. Petersberg. The Waterfront Museum District features independent galleries and museums. The Central Arts District is known for its music scene. The Grand Central District is a retail district surrounded by historic neighborhoods. It hosts one of the largest LGBTQ parades in the country every June. The Edge District has a variety of murals, historic buildings, restaurants, and a collection of mid-century modern furniture. The Warehouse Arts District includes artists spaces. The Deuces Live District is home to the city of St. Petersburg's African American heritage, and includes locally owned art galleries and other specialty businesses. The location is a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the historic neighborhood where many famous African Americans performed and lived. The M.L. King North District includes restaurants and cafes.
The old St. Petersburg Pier was a popular tourist attraction which closed in May 2013, and has been replaced with a new pier that opened in late 2020. The Bounty, a replica of HMS Bounty that was used in the 1962 Technicolor remake of Mutiny on the Bounty, starring Marlon Brando, was permanently docked near the pier for many years until the ship was sold to Ted Turner in 1986. The Bounty, however, sometimes visited St. Petersburg for the winter in the following years before its sinking in 2012. In 2010, the St. Petersburg City Council voted to demolish and rebuild the pier. The new pier will be opening "in phases" in 2020. A ceremony celebrating the opening is scheduled for the 4th of July. In November 2020, the new St. Petersburg Pier finished second in USA Today’s 10Best nationwide competition for “Best New Attraction 2020.”
The Moorings partnered with Sailing Florida in Winter of 2020 to begin St. Petersburg's first ever sailing charter. This event took place in response to COVID-19 which restricted travel and left many Americans with the desire to leave their homes. The seven day itinerary takes occupants roundtrip from St. Petersburg to many islands around the Florida area.
The city had a Madame Tussaud Wax Museum between 1963 and 1989. Tussaud's St. Petersburg location housed 120 wax figures, one of which included Freddie Kreuger. When the building was demolished, city commissioners expected to reopen the museum in another location, however, the concept was denied after debate over the building's size.
The Imagine Museum holds two-floors worth of glass art collected from all over the world. While the museum features visiting exhibits, the American Masters in Glass, Glass Now, and 1000 Buddha Installation are just three of the permanently installed galleries. Imagine Museum was created in 2016 with its first collection, American Glass Family Tree, on display.
The downtown Sundial shopping complex opened in May 2014. It contains an IMAX Muvico 20-screen movie theater, as well as many chain restaurants and retail shops, catering to a middle- and upper-class audience. The Sundial St. Pete has nightlife destinations, as does the block surrounding Jannus Live. Restaurants serving ethnic and domestic culinary specialties can be found throughout the downtown area.
Every Saturday morning from October to May, the downtown area hosts a farmers' market in the parking area of Al Lang Stadium (formerly Progress Energy Park). Local vendors sell the fruits of their labors (whether edible or decorative) alongside artists of all kinds including live music.
West of downtown on Central Avenue is the 600 Block Arts District, which contains Bohemian art and clothing stores. The eve-N-odd gallery is located in the historic Crislip Arcade built in 1925. The refurbished shopping arcade is one of 13 original city arcades built in the city. Only three are left, and only the Crislip arcade is still being used as a place for small businesses to set up shop. Further west is the Grand Central District located within Historic Kenwood District. It is known for its artistic community, LGBT presence, and the annual St. Pete Pride parade. Haslam's Bookstore can also be found in the Grand Central District. It is the largest independent bookstore in Florida, with over 30,000 square feet. As its name implies, Old Northeast is adjacent to downtown from the northeast. It is known for its historic status and eclectic architecture.
St. Petersburg boasts two historic neighborhoods: Roser Park, located just south of the downtown area, and Grenada Terrace, in the Old Northeast Neighborhood. Both are known for stately architecture, and together comprise the urban core of St. Petersburg.
St Petersburg is home to the War Veterans' Memorial Park which honors military veterans with five plaques and the official armed forces flags representing each branch of the U.S.military. The memorial is home to the Battlefield Cross Monument honoring local fallen military members who died in the Gulf War Eta. Aside from the memorial, the park houses other amenities for visitors.
A bronze statue in honor of St. Pete resident Elder Jordan stands on 22nd Street and Seventh Avenue as of October 2020. Jordan was a slave from birth up until the age of 15 when he bought his slavery and moved to St. Petersburg where he created a successful business. He is a notable figure in the St. Pete community as he became the richest African-American in St. Petersburg and provided 26 acres of land to the city dedicated to creating affordable housing. The bronze statue is a tribute to Jordan and the impact he had on the St. Petersburg community.
North of downtown is the Great Explorations Children's Museum, an interactive museum featuring a Children's Village with giant pretend stores, fire house and pet vet clinic, and preschool, science, music, art, and water exhibits. It is located next to Sunken Gardens.
4th Street as a whole, from Downtown up to Gandy Boulevard, is home to many restaurants and bars running the gamut from fast food to haute cuisine. This area is called the "Garden District", although as of 2010 this name is not widely in use.
Boyd Hill Nature Park, located on Lake Maggiore, is a 245-acre (0.99 km2) preserve where one can see many of the endangered plants and rare wildlife of Tampa Bay. A bird exhibit houses bald eagles, owls, hawks, and other species.
St. Pete is well known for its canoe and kayak trails. The CityTrails BlueWays is an environmental and occasionally historic opportunity while visiting the city. Ramps, wash stations and kayak/canoes racks are available as well as nearby attractions.
St. Petersburg is well regarded for its beaches. In 2005, Fort De Soto was rated the number one beach in America by the annual Dr. Beach rankings. TripAdvisor ranked it number one in the nation for 2008. Also noted for its arts community, St. Petersburg regularly places top 25 in the nation among arts destinations. St. Petersburg has become known and regarded as one of America's most livable cities.
St. Petersburg has been used as a filming location for films over the years, including Once Upon a Time in America (1984), Summer Rental (1985), Cocoon (1985), Ocean's Eleven (2001), Loren Cass (2006), Dolphin Tale (2011), Magic Mike (2012), Spring Breakers (2013), Dolphin Tale 2 (2014), and Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children (2016).
The St. Petersburg Library System consists of seven branch locations:
- President Barack Obama Library
- Childs Park Library
- James Weldon Johnson Community Library
- Mirror Lake Library
- North Community Library
- South Community Library
- West Community Library
The Mirror Lake Library, built in 1915, is one of only two Carnegie libraries still operating in Florida.
|Tampa Bay Buccaneers||Football||National Football League||Raymond James Stadium, Tampa|
|Tampa Bay Lightning||Ice hockey||National Hockey League||Amalie Arena, Tampa|
|Tampa Bay Rays||Baseball||Major League Baseball||Tropicana Field, St. Petersburg|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||Soccer||United Soccer League||Al Lang Stadium, St. Petersburg|
|Bay Area Pelicans||Rugby||USA Rugby Union||Sawgrass Park, St. Petersburg|
|Grand Prix of St. Petersburg||Auto racing||IndyCar||Downtown Waterfront|
The Tampa-St. Petersburg area is represented by teams in four major professional sports (soccer, football, baseball, and hockey). Two teams, the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball and Tampa Bay Rowdies of the North American Soccer League, play in St. Petersburg proper, while the other two teams play across the bay in Tampa. As their names suggest, all of the teams represent the entire Tampa Bay area and seek to draw fans from both sides of Tampa Bay.
The Rays began play in 1998, finishing last in the American League's East Division in nine of the first ten seasons they played, including their last year known as the "Devil Rays": 2007. In 2008, their 11th season, they held off the Boston Red Sox and won the AL East Division Championship for the first time. In the playoffs, they again faced the Red Sox in the ALCS. They defeated Boston and won the American League Pennant. However, they lost to the Philadelphia Phillies in the 2008 World Series. The Rays also made an appearance in the 2020 World Series where they faced the Los Angeles Dodgers. However, they eventually lost the series to the Dodgers in six games.
From their inception until 2008, the Rays played their regular season games at Tropicana Field and their spring training games at historic Al Lang Stadium, formerly Progress Energy Park, giving them the unique distinction of being the only team in Major League Baseball that played its spring training games in their home city in more than 70 years. Beginning in 2009, the Rays have held spring training at Charlotte Sports Park in Port Charlotte, ending a 94-year streak of springtime baseball in the city. Tropicana Field, the home venue of the Rays, played host to the 1999 Final Four. Despite not having a team in the city since 2000 (with the St. Petersburg Devil Rays), St. Petersburg is home to Minor League Baseball's main headquarters.
St. Petersburg is home to the Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, the inaugural race was held in April 2005. The circuit itself is made of downtown streets passing Al Lang Stadium, the marina, and a runway in Albert Whitted Airport, and streets are temporarily blocked off for the annual Indy Racing League's IndyCar Series race. The race was postponed in 2020 due to the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus, and was rescheduled as the final race of the season, rather than the first race. In 2012, the road intersecting Turn 10 was renamed Dan Wheldon Way in memory of Dan Wheldon, who won the 2005 race thanks to a move made on that turn. Wheldon was killed in an accident at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway in the 2011 season finale.
The Tampa Bay Rowdies of the United Soccer League began play in Tampa in 2010 and moved to Al Lang Stadium in 2011. The long-time baseball venue is named after Al Lang, a former mayor of St. Petersburg who was instrumental in bringing spring training to the city in 1914. The Rowdies initially shared Al Lang Stadium with various amateur baseball events, but eventually took over operation of the facility and has converted it into a soccer-only facility The Rowdies' ownership has expressed interest in moving up to join Major League Soccer (MLS) and a 2016 referendum gave the club permission to build a larger privately funded stadium at the site of Al Lang Stadium if the move takes place.
The Bay Area Pelicans Rugby Football Club has made their home in St. Petersburg since 1977.
The city of St. Petersburg has been governed under a strong mayor form of government since 1993. The Mayor of St. Petersburg and the St. Petersburg City Council members are elected to a four-year term, limited to two consecutive terms. Currently the mayor of St. Petersburg is Rick Kriseman who took office on January 2, 2014. The legislative body consists of eight City Council members representing each of their designated city districts.
Since becoming mayor, Kriseman led the city to be recognized as Florida's "best-managed and fiscally strongest city." Additionally, the New York Times continues to recognize St. Pete as one of the top places to visit in the world. Kriseman's primary focus throughout his time as mayor include growing the economy and expanding sustainability efforts throughout the city.
St. Petersburg is in Florida's 13th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Charlie Crist. In 2020, 49.58 percent of Pinellas County voters cast ballots for Democratic candidate and the 46th President Joe Biden.
Primary and secondary education
Public primary and secondary schools in St. Petersburg are administered by Pinellas County Schools. Public high schools within the city limits include:
- Gibbs High School
- Lakewood High School
- Northeast High School
- St. Petersburg High School
- St. Petersburg Collegiate High School
Private high schools include:
- Canterbury School of Florida
- St. Petersburg Catholic High School
- Shorecrest Preparatory School
- Admiral Farragut Academy
High schools located in unincorporated (outside city limits) St. Petersburg:
- Dixie M. Hollins High School
- Keswick Christian School
- Northside Christian School
St. Petersburg is home to several institutions of higher education. The University of South Florida St. Petersburg is an autonomous campus in the University of South Florida system. The University of South Florida St. Petersburg serves 6,500 students. Eckerd College, founded in 1958, is a private four-year liberal arts college. St. Petersburg College is a state college in the Florida College System. Also in St. Petersburg is the Poynter Institute, a journalism institute which owns the Tampa Bay Times in a unique arrangement. Stetson Law School is located in Gulfport, which is adjacent to St. Pete between the south beaches. The city of St. Petersburg contributed to the school in 2020 by donating to increase diversity in the ocean sciences.
The largest colleges by degrees awarded are USF St. Petersburg, Eckerd College and Pinellas Technical College. Statistically, the most popular majors amongst these three institutions are Nursing, Psychology and Biological Sciences. In 2015, the largest number of degrees awarded went to Biological Sciences students while the second was awarded to Psychology students.
Other colleges and universities in the wider Tampa Bay Area include the University of South Florida and the University of Tampa located in Tampa and Hillsborough Community College, with campuses across Hillsborough County.
St. Petersburg College, founded in 1927, a state college within the Florida College System. It has an average of 65,000 students spread across 11 campuses and centers in the Bay area, four of which are in St. Petersburg.
The city's main daily morning newspaper is the Tampa Bay Times as well as its free weekly sister publication tbt*. The free weekly alternative newspaper Creative Loafing is also available in the area.
Cable television service is provided by Spectrum (previously Bright House Networks) and Wide Open West (abbreviated "WOW!", previously Knology), as well as fiber optic service provider Frontier Communications (previously Verizon FiOS).
St. Petersburg is in the Tampa-St. Petersburg television and radio markets. WTSP channel 10 (CBS) and WTOG channel 44 (The CW) are licensed to St. Petersburg, with studios in unincorporated Pinellas County in the Gandy Boulevard area just north of the St. Petersburg limits. Spectrum Bay News 9, the local cable TV news service, is based in northeast St. Petersburg. Independent station WTTA is licensed to St. Petersburg, with studios in Tampa. Official city government programming, known as StPeteTV, can be found on Spectrum on Channel 641, WOW! Cable on Channel 15 or Frontier Channel 20 as well as online. City government programming previously aired on city-owned WSPF-CD channel 35 until 2012, when the city sold the station to private interests. Cox Media Group has several brands with headquarters in the St. Petersburg area including 97x, Hot 101.5 and Magic 94.9.
In Pinellas County's beginnings, many of the roads followed unusual patterns to link various settlements. Clearwater-Largo Road and Tampa Road are two examples that still exist today. The architects who constructed Pinellas County's roads developed them in a grid pattern which can be seen in various cities including St. Petersburg.
The city is connected to Tampa by the east by causeways and bridges across Tampa Bay, and to Bradenton in the south by the Sunshine Skyway Bridge (Interstate 275), which traverses the mouth of the bay. Travel Channel named the Skyway Bridge one of the top 10 Best Bridges in the World. It is also served by Interstates 175 and 375, which branch off I-275 into the southern and northern areas of downtown respectively. The Gandy Bridge, conceived by George Gandy and opened in 1924, was the first causeway to be built across Tampa Bay, connecting St. Petersburg and Tampa cities without a circuitous 43-mile (69 km) trip around the bay through Oldsmar.
Nearby Tampa International Airport provides air transportation for most passengers. Smaller airlines, with destinations to smaller cities and towns, operate at St. Petersburg-Clearwater International Airport, with most tenants providing only seasonal services. Albert Whitted Airport provides general aviation services near the heart of downtown St. Petersburg.
Mass transit in St. Petersburg is provided by the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA). A sightseeing trolley, called The Looper, also travels to key downtown destinations daily such as USFSP, Sundial, Vinoy Hotel, and the multiple museums around the city. The Looper costs only 50 cents to ride and provides free drop off points throughout the transit. The City of St. Petersburg offers Coast Bike Share which is a service providing shared bicycles for short-term use between one and three miles. Along the bike paths in St. Pete are terra-cotta planters to create extra space between traffic and bikers to ensure user safety.
It was announced in August 2020 that St. Petersburg would introduce electric scooters to the list of transportation options. 225 scooters will first be introduced and it is expected to increase to 1,500 time goes on. In order to organize scooter drop-off, the city created corrals in Downtown St. Pete where users must leave scooters once they are not in use.
St. Petersburg has a program known as "Ride Share" which are affordable options to get around the city. Ride share is a non-profit carpooling service available in the city alongside other services like Lyft and Uber.
CSX Transportation operates a former Atlantic Coast Line Railroad branch line which sees daily rail traffic from north Tampa though Safety Harbor, Clearwater, and Largo. As of March 2008, the portion that ran into downtown St. Petersburg and the adjacent western industrial areas was abandoned. There is a small rail yard to the northwest of downtown St. Petersburg at the new end of the rail line with several spur lines serving industries in the area.
Notable former stations include the St. Petersburg ACL station, which became an Amtrak station from 1971 to 1983, St. Petersburg Seaboard Air Line Passenger Station, and the St. Petersburg Seaboard Coast Line station.
Port and marinas
One of the main sea transportation areas in St. Peterburg is the Port of St. Petersburg, which is located in downtown St. Petersburg. Boat marinas in downtown St. Petersburg are also available such as the Municipal Marina which located in the Southern and Central Yacht Basins, and Harborage Marina located in the Bayboro Harbor.
Every year, the city of St Pete sponsors three high school students to do a summer exchange with Takamatsu, Japan.
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Americas
- United States cities by population
- Tallest buildings in St. Petersburg, Florida
- List of parks in St. Petersburg, Florida
- Mayoral elections in St. Petersburg, 2017
- St. Petersburg Bar Association
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- "Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Florida: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 3, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida (FL) Zip Code Map – Locations, Demographics – list of zip codes". City-data.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. December 7, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida Population 2020". World Population Review. World Population Review. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - State -- Place (GCT-P2): Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Metro Area". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- "St. Petersburg: Geography and Climate". www.city-data.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "History of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Hartzell, Scott Taylor (January 1, 2002). St. Petersburg: An Oral History. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738514253.
- "St. Petersburg Founded By Sufferer From Asthma". news.google.com. The Pittsburgh Press. February 10, 1935. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "What happened on February 29 in 1892 year". historyindates.com. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Welcome to City of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg At A Glance". Retrieved October 5, 2013.
- Osborn, Liz. "Sunniest Places in United States". CurrentResults.com. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Florida - Things to Do & Attractions in St. Petersburg FL". Visit Florida. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- Johnson, Carrie (March 3, 2004). "Tampabay: 'God's waiting room?' Try 'great place to live'". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Clary, Jennifer (May 2010). "Top 25 Mid-Size Cities". American Style Magazine. Archived from the original on October 13, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida | Visit St Petersburg Clearwater Florida". www.visitstpeteclearwater.com. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- "Best Places to Visit in Florida". Travel US News. U.S. News & World Report L.P. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- "10 Fun Facts about St. Petersburg | Visit St Pete Florida". Retrieved November 20, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg makes 'Conde Nast Traveler' list of America's best cities". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg Second City In Florida To Be Named International City Of Peace". St. Pete, FL Patch. October 20, 2020. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
- MacDougald, James (2018). The Pánfilo de Narváez Expedition of 1528: Highlights of the Expedition and Determination of the Landing Place. St. Petersburg: Marsden House. ISBN 978-1-4834-8671-0.
- Adorno, Rolena; Pautz, Patrick (September 15, 1999). Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: His Account, His Life, and the Expedition of Panfilo de Narváez. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-1463-7., 3 vols.
- "Times History | Times Publishing Inc". www.tampabay.com. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- Hartzell, Scott Taylor (January 1, 2006). Remembering St. Petersburg, Florida: Sunshine City Stories. The History Press. ISBN 9781596291201.
- A founding grandfather lives in lore. Monica Davey. St. Petersburg Times (Florida). Largo-Seminole Times; Pg. 6. May 23, 1994.
- "Peter Demens, founder of St. Petersburg, Florida". www.saint-petersburg.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Historical Marker Database". Hmdb.org. January 10, 2008. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Inside Detroit Hotel, condo owners don't want historic tag from St. Petersburg". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "History of The Cordova Inn and The Pier Hotel and the Hotel Cordova". www.cordovainnstpete.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Hartzell, Scott Taylor (2006). "Frank Allston Davis: He Lit Up the Town". Remembering St. Petersburg, Florida: Sunshine City Stories. The History Press. p. 53. ISBN 1-59629-120-6.
- Deese, Alma Wynelle (January 1, 2006). St. Petersburg, Florida: A Visual History. The History Press. ISBN 9781596290952.
- "General OneFile - Document - Vision for city harbor was met with criticism". go.galegroup.com. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Porter, John Sherman (January 1, 1922). Moody's Manual of Investments: American and Foreign. Moody's Investors Service.
- "History of Tampa Bay Baseball". Tampa Bay Rays. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Public Library, Mirror Lake Branch" (PDF). www.stpete.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 10, 2011. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "10 Fun Facts about St. Petersburg". Visit St. Pete Florida. Visit St. Pete Florida. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- "The First Commercial Flight". www.firstflightcentennial.org. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Tony Jannus Award – Outstanding Achievements in the Field of Scheduled Air Transportation". www.tonyjannusaward.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "The New St Pete Pier". www.newstpetepier.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida (U.S.)". CRW Flags. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
- "History of St. Petersburg". St. Petersburg. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
- "War Comes to Florida: Military". fcit.usf.edu. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Florida During World War II". fcit.usf.edu. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg and Clearwater / Florida's Waterfront Communities and Commercial Fishing Heritage / Recreation / Consumer Resources / Marketing and Development / Divisions & Offices / Home – Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services". www.freshfromflorida.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Pinellas County Historical Background" (PDF). www.pinellascounty.org. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Suncoast suns". www.suncoastsuns.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Eastern Hockey League Arenas". theehl.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Rainey, Gurpal S. Toor and Donald P. "SL308/SS520: History and Current Status of Reclaimed Water Use in Florida". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Reclaimed Water". www.stpete.org. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "The Evening Independent - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- "In death, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired change around Tampa Bay". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
- Thomas Reilly (1997). Jannus, an American flier.
- "First Airliner Certified Airworthy". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- "Betting on baseball, risk and reward, 1986 vs. 2008". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Tropicana Field History". Tampa Bay Rays. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Tropicana Field, Tampa Bay Rays ballpark". www.ballparksofbaseball.com. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- "Population in the U.S. – Google Public Data Explorer". Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): St. Petersburg city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- Knotts, Bob (August 1, 2007). All Around Florida: Regions and Resources. Capstone Classroom. ISBN 9781432902957.
- "Tampa Bay Environmental Atlas" (PDF). www.nwrc.usgs.gov. December 1984. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- "Why Newsrooms Pray To St. Petersburg". Forbes. December 4, 2006.
- "St. Petersburg Times". .sptimes.com. March 31, 1998. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Poynter. | A Global Leader in Journalism | Journalism training, media news & how to's". www.poynter.org. Archived from the original on August 7, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Downtown St Petersburg Florida - Official Discover Downtown St Petersburg Guide & Map". www.discoverdowntown.com. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "Local News | Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Clearwater and Sarasota | WTSP.com 10 News". Tampabays10.com. December 5, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "JURY SELECTS THE LENS AS THE NUMBER ONE PIER DESIGN". Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "PUBLIC MEETINGS SET FOR REFINEMENT OF LENS PIER PROJECT". Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "St. Petersburg's Pier District offers breezy, beautiful new place to play". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
- "St. Petersburg College Downtown Center". www.spcollege.edu. Archived from the original on October 11, 2003. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "University of South Florida St. Petersburg |". www.usfsp.edu. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Floridian: Museum's new view". www.sptimes.com. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "ParkScore". The Trust for Public Land. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
- "The Vinoy Park Hotel" (PDF). www.stpete.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "Renaissance Tampa Hotel earns AAA four diamond honor - Tampa Bay Business Journal". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "Home". www.loopertrolley.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Neighborhoodtimes: 10 hot dance spots in St. Pete". Sptimes.com. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- Sachs, Andrea (January 28, 2007). "A New Age: St. Pete's Fountain of Youth". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- "Merchants to Cheer Central Avenue's Revival". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on September 12, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Later Drinking Hours Will Be In St. Petersburg By Next Friday". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Spring Training Sites for all American League Baseball teams". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
- "TBO.com Special Reports Sports Rays New Stadium". .tbo.com. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- Rays say stadium would promote $1 billion in investment, ESPN.com
- "Special Report: Ballpark by the bay | Tampabay.com • St. Petersburg Times". Sptimes.com. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Downtown St. Petersburg parks and architecture – St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on September 13, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Rating the architecture that frames downtown St. Petersburg's waterfront park". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- Baker, Rick (April 5, 2011). The Seamless City: A Conservative Mayor's Approach to Urban Revitalization that Can Work Anywhere. Regnery Publishing. ISBN 9781596981973.
- "Kitesurfing in Tampa". Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Shuffleboard Club | History". stpeteshuffle.com. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "North Shore Aquatic Complex". Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- "St. Petersburg FL Real Estate Information – NeighborhoodScout". www.neighborhoodscout.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Neighborhoods & Maps". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Downtown St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- Alli Knothe. "Entrepreneurs, start-ups take center stage in Tampa and St. Pete". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Richard Danielson. "Rise of the Rest brings its focus on startups to Tampa Bay, awards Immertec $100,000". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- "Historic Old Northeast St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Snell Isle St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- Inc, Tampa Bay Publications. Tampa Bay Magazine. Tampa Bay Publications, Inc.
- "Local Landmarks - St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Grand Central District St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Next Great Neighborhood: St. Pete's Grand Central District". The Daily South. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Historic Kenwood St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Historic Kenwood Wins National Award". Catalyst. The St. Petersburg Group. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- "Historic Roser Park St. Petersburg Neighborhood Information". www.stpetersburg.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Phase 1 of Historic Booker Creek Trail set for summer". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "The Evening Independent - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". quickfacts.census.gov. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Data Center Results – St. Petersburg, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- "Offenses Reported to Law Enforcement by City 2014-2015". Retrieved February 4, 2016.
- "Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by State 2012". Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- "St Petersburg Crime Percentile". Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- "The 1996 St Petersburg FL Riots". www.dailykos.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Police Officer David Scott Crawford". Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "ST. PETERSBURG, FL".
- "Data USA: St. Petersburg, FL". Data USA. Deloitte. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). City of St. Petersburg. City of St. Petersburg. p. 273. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida". Ballotpedia. Ballotpedia. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- "City of St. Petersburg Announces Requirement for Upcoming 2020 Commercial Revitalization Program". St. Pete. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
- "10 Wonderful Things to do in St Pete, Florida". ALONG DUSTY ROADS. Retrieved November 17, 2020.
- "Community Cultural Plan". St. Pete. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "City of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- "MLK Day 2015: St. Petersburg's annual Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Parade; parking and traffic info". WFTS. Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Official MLK National Parade Site". mlknationalparade.org. Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "St. Pete parade highlights MLK Jr. weekend festivities". TBO.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg City Council extends Grand Prix through 2020". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg council pumps the brakes on Grand Prix". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Firestone extends Grand Prix of St. Petersburg title sponsorship through 2023". WFLA. October 23, 2020. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Tampa Bay Blues Festival Information". www.tampabaybluesfest.com. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "The Tampa Bay Blues Festival". Eventful. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Happy times expected at Tampa Bay Blues Festival". 10NEWS. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "St. Pete's Mainsail Arts Festival marks 40th year". TBO.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Festival Info | Mainsail Art Festival". www.mainsailart.org. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- Villegas, Brianda. "Artists to showcase crafts at St. Petersburg Fine Art Festival this weekend". wfla.com. News Channel 8. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
- "Training for a triathlon? You might want to team up with others". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "About the Race | St. Anthony's Triathlon 2016 | St. Petersburg, FL". www.satriathlon.com. Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Green Thumb Festival - About Us". www.stpeteparksrec.org. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- The National Urban Forest Forum. American Forestry Association. January 1, 1986.
- "St Pete Pride". St Pete Pride. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- Schnur, James Anthony (November 24, 2014). St. Petersburg: Through Time. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781625450876.
- "LGBT Pride Parade". St Pete Pride. Archived from the original on September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- Osowski, Chip. "Pride Parade draws huge crowd to St. Pete". WFLA. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- Harlan, Andrew. "Juneteenth Celebration planned for Williams Park". I Love the Burg. I Love the Burg & RKC.me. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- "Fireworks Across the Bay Celebration in St. Pete | Visit St Petersburg Clearwater". www.visitstpeteclearwater.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "St. Pete Pitch Night". St. Pete Greenhouse. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg, FL - Vinoy Park - Ribfest". The Official Daughtry Website. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "Ribfest". ribfest.org. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "St. Pete's SHINE Mural Festival announces an all-Florida artist lineup". St. Pete Rising. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "Holiday Events - St. Petersburg, Florida". www.stpeteparksrec.org. Archived from the original on August 23, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "History New - St. Petersburg Bowl". St. Petersburg Bowl. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "First Night Facts". www.firstnightstpete.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "After 28 years, St. Petersburg's First Night party will be virtual this year". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "American Stage Theatre Company | Upcoming Events". tickets.americanstage.org. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "Demens Landing". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "Miss Florida Pageant officially moving to Lakeland". Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- "SPC Events: St. Pete Second Saturday Artwalk". Visit St.Pete/Clearwater. Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "About". Library of Congress. United States Legislative Information. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Pride Parade". St. Pete Pride. St. Pete Pride. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Pride Parade". St. Pete Pride. St. Pete Pride. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Pride Parade". St. Pete Pride. St. Pete Pride. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Our Mission". Florida Women's March. Women's March Florida. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Women's march through St. Petersburg". Fox 13. Fox Television Stations. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Huff, Pam. "Black Lives Matter street mural comes to St. Petersburg". Tampa Bay Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Burch, Audra; Cai, Weiyi; Gianordoli, Gabriel; McCarthy, Morrigan; Patel, Jugal. "How Black Lives Matter Reached Every Corner of America". New York Times. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg, Florida". Best Places. Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- "Who We Are". Catholic Diocese of St. Petersburg. Diocese of Saint Petersburg. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- "Smackdown: Battle of the Florida beaches". Fow Newa. November 14, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- Duffy, Maggie. Tampa Bay Times https://www.tampabay.com/visual-arts/museum-of-the-american-arts-and-crafts-movement-now-scheduled-to-open-by-years-end-20190703/. Retrieved June 24, 2021. Missing or empty
- "Exhibits". St. Petersburg Museum of History | St. Petersburg, Florida. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "About Us". Woodson Museum. Dr. Carter G. Woodson African American Museum. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "Exhibits and Events". Woodson Museum. Dr. Carter G. Woodson African American Museum. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus - Unparalleled collection of Salvador Dali art works". Unparalleled collection of Salvador Dali art works. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "St. Petersburg's Dale Chihuly Collection moving to larger space on Central Avenue". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Performing Arts - St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Downtown St Petersburg Florida". www.discoverdowntown.com. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "Arts and Culture". St. Petersburg. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
- "The Deuces Live – The Heart of South St. Pete". Retrieved October 12, 2020.
- "Seven Arts Districts: One Arts Destination". St. Petersburg. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
- "No turning back: City begins demolition of the Pier". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- McMorrow-Hernandez, Joshua (April 27, 2015). Tampa Bay Landmarks and Destinations. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439651063.
- "14 rescued, 2 missing from HMS Bounty off N.C. coast". NBC News. October 29, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- "St. Pete council formally votes to tear down Pier". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- Zimmer, Beau (January 2, 2020). "St. Pete Pier to open in phases throughout 2020". WTSP Channel 10. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Harrel, Scott. "St. Petersburg Pier Takes Second in USA Today Attractions Poll". baynews9.com. Bay News 9. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
- Potter, Everett. "Sail With The Moorings From St. Petersburg, Florida This Winter". Forbes. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
- "Tussaud's London Wax Museum : one of Florida's Lost Tourist Attractions". lostparks.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Tussaud's London Wax Museum : one of Florida's Lost Tourist Attractions". Tussaud's London Wax Museum. Robert H. Brown. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- "Imagine Museum: Glass museum St Petersburg (Florida)". Imagine Museum. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
- FOX. "Tampa Bay news, weather forecast, radar, and sports from WTVT-TV – FOX 13 News". WTVT. Archived from the original on October 14, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Farmers Market Focus: St. Petersburg Saturday Morning Market". Florida Organic Growers. Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- "600 Block Art District". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "Localista: The Crislip Arcade Alive & Well". iLovetheBurg – Downtown St. Pete. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg: New Shops Revive Crislip Arcade". 83Degrees. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Cristina Silva, Neighborhoodtimes: Grand Central culture clash, St. Petersburg Times, August 8, 2007, [2011-12-06]
- Haslams website About
- Matt Albucher, Old Northeast to chronicle charms in book Archived October 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, St. Petersburg Times, October 26, 2008, [December 6, 2011]
- "Furnishings store leaving St. Petersburg's BayWalk for Old Northeast location – St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Roser Park's art festival attracts hundreds – St. Petersburg Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Neighborhoodtimes: Roser Park tour gets neighborly". Sptimes.com. April 2, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "War Veterans' Memorial Park". Pinellas County. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
- "He Was Born into Slavery But Became a St. Petersburg Legend". www.baynews9.com. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- "St. Pete's Sunken Gardens: A garden like no other". www.baynews9.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
- "Fourth Street Garden District | Things to do in Tampa Bay | Tampa Bay Times". Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Boyd Hill Nature Park & Lake Maggiore Environmental Education Center | Visit St Petersburg Clearwater". www.visitstpeteclearwater.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "General OneFile - Document - BIRDS OF PREY LIFT VETERAN'S SPIRITS; Struggling with Parkinson's, Steve Dittbenner finds new life with avian therapy at McGough Nature Park". go.galegroup.com. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- "BlueWays". St.Petersburg. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "America's Best Beach: Past National Winners". www.drbeach.org. Archived from the original on July 26, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Business: No flip-flopping over best beach: It's Fort De Soto". Sptimes.com. February 29, 2008. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "'Top 25 Arts Destinations' favors Midwest". Findarticles.com. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "About Tyrone Square Mall - A Shopping Center in St Petersburg, FL - A Simon Property". simon.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "This city is the kava capital of the U.S." Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
- Bay, What's Up Tampa (December 5, 2009). "What's Up Tampa Bay | Blog: Movies Filmed in Tampa Bay". What's Up Tampa Bay | Blog. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "This Beloved Florida City Is the Backdrop to a New Hallmark Movie". Travel + Leisure. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
- Culture, St Pete Clearwater Film, Arts, &. "St. Pete Clearwater Film, Arts, & Culture | Blog: A Star Studded Cast Of Films Bay". Film St Pete Clearwater. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
- Smith, Scott. "CHAMPS! BUCS WIN SUPER BOWL LV". buccaneers.com. Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
- Jr, Frank P. Jozsa (February 3, 2006). Baseball, Inc.: The National Pastime as Big Business. McFarland. ISBN 9780786425341.
- "Devil Rays officially change name to just Rays". ESPN.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "2008 American League Season Summary | Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Resilient Red Sox move on from Rays, to ALCS". ESPN.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Boston Red Sox to face Tampa Bay Rays for American League Championship". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Rays Win Pennant, Head To 1st World Series". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Phinally ... Phillies win World Series, beat Rays in Game 5 - USATODAY.com". usatoday30.usatoday.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Phillies Beat Rays, 4-3, to Win World Series | Fox News". Fox News. October 29, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- Castrovince, Anthony. "Wait is over! Dodgers win 1st WS since '88". mlb.com. MLB. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
- "ESPN.com | Devil Rays to move spring training in 2009". espn.go.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Sarasota Herald-Tribune - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Letters from Louk: The NCAA Tournament in Tampa". GoUSFBulls.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Minor League Baseball Official Info: Office". MiLB.com. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
- "VICS: Firestone Grand Prix of St. Petersburg Preview". Rubbings Racing. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg IndyCar race agreement extended with city through 2020". Autoweek. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Road closures for St. Pete Grand Prix start today". TBO.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
- "Official Statement From IndyCar". March 13, 2020.
- "Turn 10 is St. Petersburg course's iconic spot". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "Dan Wheldon's head hit fence post, IndyCar says in report on fatal crash". Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "News | Tampa Bay Rowdies". Rowdiessoccer.com. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- Straus, Brian (January 9, 2017). "MLS expansion city profile: Tampa Bay/St. Petersburg". Sports Illustrated / planet futbol. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
- "St. Petersburg City Charter" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 6, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
- "The Mayor's Office". www.stpete.org. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- "Mayor Rick Kriseman". St. Pete. City of St. Petersburg. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
- "2020 election results: Interactive Florida county map". FOX 13 News. November 3, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- "Science Center website". Sciencecenterofpinellas.org. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Facts | University of South Florida". www.usf.edu. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- Anderson, Anne W. (2009). Insiders' Guide to the Greater Tampa Bay Area. Globe Pequot. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-7627-5347-5. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- "Who owns the St. Petersburg Times? Why it matters to readers | Poynter". www.poynter.org. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- "City of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
- "St. Petersburg, FL | Data USA". datausa.io. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- "College and Universities". St Pete EDC. Retrieved April 16, 2021.
- "Tampa Bay, Florida news | Tampa Bay Times/St. Pete Times". www.tampabay.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg Tribune | News from Pinellas County, Florida | TBO.com and The Tampa Tribune". TBO.com. Archived from the original on August 22, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "FiOS in Saint Petersburg, FL | 727-940-9362". www.verizoninternet.com. Archived from the original on September 13, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Top 16 Internet Providers in St. Petersburg, FL | HighSpeedInternet.com". www.highspeedinternet.com. Archived from the original on November 20, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
- "St Petersburg, FL Internet | In My Area". www.inmyarea.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2017. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "Frontier Completes Its Verizon Deal | The Motley Fool". www.fool.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "Charter Communications' purchase of Bright House Networks | Tampa Bay Times". www.tampabay.com. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
- "Tampa – St. Petersburg Television Stations – Station Index". www.stationindex.com. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "StPeteTV". www.stpete.org. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg wants to sell its TV license". Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Radio Stations in St. Pete". City Of. City of. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
- "Pinellas County Historical Background" (PDF). Pinellas County. Pinellas County Planning Department. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Howard Frankland". interstate275florida.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Interstate-Guide: Interstate 275 Florida". www.interstate-guide.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Interstate-Guide: Interstate 175 Florida". www.interstate-guide.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Interstate-Guide: Interstate 375 Florida". www.interstate-guide.com. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Public Information Office". www.dot.state.fl.us. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Homepage | Tampa International Airport". www.tampaairport.com. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "Home | St. Pete-Clearwater International Airport". www.fly2pie.com. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "Albert Whitted Airport". www.stpete.org. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "Infrastructure in St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "St. Petersburg: Public Transportation – TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.com. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- "Transportation & Getting Around | Visit St Petersburg Clearwater". www.visitstpeteclearwater.com. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
- "Bus Schedules". www.psta.net. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "How It Works". Coast Bike Share. Cycle Hop. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
- "City of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- Solomon, Josh. "St. Petersburg welcomes electric scooters". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- "Transportation | Visit St Petersburg Clearwater Florida". www.visitstpeteclearwater.com. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
- "About The Rideshare Company". www.rideshare.com. Retrieved October 16, 2020.
- Blizin, Jerry (May 4, 2010). "Recalling Pinellas: the railroad in early St. Petersburg". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on September 21, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "Pinellas Trail Florida Bike Trail Florida Bike Trails". www.railstotrails.us. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "Port of St. Petersburg - Florida Ports Council". flaports.org. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- "Marina". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- FOX. "Mega yacht docking could boost St. Pete economy". FOX13news. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
- "Infrastructure: Utilities of St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "International Relations". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "International Relations: Takamatsu, Japan". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "Isla Mujeres, Mexico - St. Petersburg". www.stpete.org. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "International Relations: St. Petersburg, Russia". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "International Relations: Figueres, Spain". www.stpete.org. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Hartzell, Scott Taylor (2006). Remembering St. Petersburg, Florida: Sunshine City Stories, Volume 1. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. ISBN 1-59629-120-6.
- Anderson, Anne W. (2009). Insiders' Guide to the Greater Tampa Bay Area. United States of America: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7627-5347-5.
- Official website
- St. Petersburg Public Library System
- Pinellas County Geographic Information System
- Downtown St. Petersburg Entertainment Guide
- Downtown Waterfront Master Plan
- Earl R. Jacobs III Collection of Francis G. Wagner St. Petersburg Photographs at the University of South Florida
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: St. Petersburg, Florida