Socialist Republic of Montenegro

The Socialist Republic of Montenegro (Serbo-Croatian: Socijalistička Republika Crna Gora / Социјалистичка Република Црна Гора), commonly referred to as Socialist Montenegro or simply Montenegro, was one of the six republics forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the nation state of the Montenegrins. It is a predecessor of the modern-day Montenegro.

Socialist Republic of Montenegro

Socijalistička Republika Crna Gora
Социјалистичка Република Црна Гора
1945–1992
Flag (1946–1992)
Emblem
Location of Montenegro in Yugoslavia
StatusConstituent republic
of Yugoslavia
CapitalTitograd
Common languagesSerbo-Croatian
(Serbian standard)
Albanian
GovernmentSocialist republic
Federated state
President 
 19451946 (first)
Niko Miljanić
 19901992 (last)
Momir Bulatović
Prime Minister 
 19451953 (first)
Blažo Jovanović
 19891992 (last)
Radoje Kontić
LegislaturePeople's Assembly
History 
 ZAVNOCGB
15 and 16 November 1945
 End of WWII
8 May 1945
28 April 1992
Area
1991 census13,812 km2 (5,333 sq mi)
Population
 1991 census
615,035
ISO 3166 codeME
Preceded by
Succeeded by
German occupied territory of Montenegro
Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006)

Prior to its formation, Montenegro was part of Zeta banovina administrative unit of Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

History

On 7 July 1963, the People's Republic of Montenegro (Serbo-Croatian: Narodna Republika Crna Gora / Народна Република Црна Гора) was renamed the "Socialist Republic of Montenegro" (a change ratified both by the Federal Constitution and the newly created Montenegrin Constitution in 1963) with Serbo-Croatian as the official language. In 1991, as the League of Communists of Montenegro changed its name to Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro after the first multi-party elections, the adjective "Socialist" was deleted from the republic's title (ratified by the 1992 Constitution).[1]

Demographics

1971 census:

  • Montenegrins: 355,632 (67.15%)
  • ethnic Muslims: 70,236 (13.26%)
  • Serbs: 39,512 (7.46%)
  • Albanians: 35,671 (6.74%)
  • Yugoslavs: 10,943 (2.07%)
  • Croats: 9,192 (1.74%)
  • Total: 529,604 inhabitants

1981 census:

  • Montenegrins: 400,488 (68.54%)
  • ethnic Muslims: 78,080 (13.36%)
  • Albanians: 37,735 (6.46%)
  • Yugoslavs: 31,243 (5.35%)
  • Serbs: 19,407 (3.32%)
  • Croats: 6,904 (1.18%)
  • Roma: 1,471 (0.25%)
  • Macedonian: 875 (0.15%)
  • Slovenes: 564 (0.1%)
  • Hungarians: 238 (0.04%)
  • Germans: 107 (0.02%)
  • Russians: 96 (0.02%)
  • Italians: 45 (0.01%)
  • other: 816 (0.14%)
  • No response: 301 (0.05%)
  • Regional affiliation: 1,602 (0.27%)
  • Unknown: 4,338 (0.74%)
  • Total: 584,310 inhabitants

1991 census

  • Montenegrins: 380,467 (61.86%)
  • ethnic Muslims: 89,614 (14.57%)
  • Serbs: 57,453 (9.34%)
  • Albanians: 40,415 (6.57%)
  • Yugoslavs: 26,159 (4.25%)
  • Croats: 6,244 (1.02%)
  • Roma: 3,282 (0.53%)
  • Macedonians: 1,072 (0.17%)
  • Slovenes: 369 (0.06%)
  • Hungarians: 205 (0.03%)
  • Germans: 124 (0.02%)
  • Russians: 118 (0.02%)
  • Italians: 58 (0.01%)
  • other: 437 (0.07%)
  • No response: 1,944 (0.32%)
  • Regional belonging: 998 (0.16%)
  • Unknown: 6,076 (0.99%)
  • Total: 615,035 inhabitants

Heads of institutions

President

  • President of the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of National Liberation
    • Niko Miljanić (15 November 1943 – 21 November 1946)
  • Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
    • Miloš Rašović (21 November 1946 – 6 November 1950)
    • Nikola Kovačević (6 November 1950 – 4 February 1953)
  • Presidents of the People's Assembly
    • Nikola Kovačević (4 February 1950 – 15 December 1953)
    • Blažo Jovanović (15 December 1953 – 12 July 1962)[2]
    • Filip Bajković (12 July 1962 – 5 May 1963)
    • Andrija Mugoša (5 May 1963 – 5 May 1967)
    • Veljko Milatović (5 May 1967 – 6 October 1969)
    • Vidoje Žarković (6 October 1969 – April 1974)
    • Budislav Šoškić (April 1974 – 5 April 1974)
  • Presidents of the Presidency
    • Veljko Milatović (5 April 1974 – 7 May 1982)
    • Veselin Đuranović (7 May 1982 – 7 May 1983)
    • Marko Orlandić (7 May 1983 – 7 May 1984)
    • Miodrag Vlahović (7 May 1984 – 7 May 1985)
    • Branislav Šoškić (6 May 1985 – 6 May 1986)
    • Radivoje Brajović (6 May 1986 – 6 May 1988)
    • Božina Ivanović (6 May 1988 – 13 January 1989)
    • Slobodan Simović (acting) (13 January 1989 – 17 March 1989)
    • Branko Kostić (17 March 1989 – 23 December 1990)
    • Momir Bulatović (23 December 1990 – 1992)

Prime Minister

  • Minister for Montenegro (in the central Yugoslav government)
    • Milovan Đilas (7 March 1945 – 17 April 1945)
  • Prime Minister of Montenegro
    • Blažo Jovanović (17 April 1945 – 4 February 1953)
  • Presidents of the Executive Council
    • Blažo Jovanović (4 February 1953 – 16 December 1953)
    • Filip Bajković (16 December 1953 – 12 July 1962)
    • Đorđije Pajković (16 December 1962 – 25 June 1963)
    • Veselin Đuranović (25 June 1963 – 8 December 1966)
    • Mijuško Šibalić (8 December 1966 – 5 May 1967)
    • Vidoje Žarković (5 May 1967 – 7 October 1969)
    • Žarko Bulajić (7 October 1969 – 6 May 1974)
    • Marko Orlandić (6 May 1974 – 28 April 1978)
    • Momčilo Cemović (28 April 1978 – 7 May 1982)
    • Radivoje Brajović (7 May 1982 – 6 June 1986)
    • Vuko Vukadinović (6 June 1986 – 29 March 1989)
    • Radoje Kontić (29 March 1989 – 15 February 1991)

References

  1. Montenegro: Country Profile, balkaninsight.com
  2. "Montenegro". World Statesmen. Retrieved 2011-02-06.

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