Samuel Adrian Baugh (March 17, 1914 – December 17, 2008) was an American professional football player and coach. During his college and professional careers, he most notably played quarterback, but also played as a defensive back and punter. He played college football for the Horned Frogs at Texas Christian University, where he was a two-time All-American. He then played in the National Football League (NFL) for the Washington Redskins from 1937 to 1952. After his playing career, he served as a college coach for Hardin–Simmons University before coaching professionally for the New York Titans and the Houston Oilers.
|Born:||March 17, 1914|
|Died:||December 17, 2008 94) (aged|
|Height:||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight:||182 lb (83 kg)|
|NFL Draft:||1937 / Round: 1 / Pick: 6|
|As a player:|
|As a coach:|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at NFL.com · PFR|
Baugh led the Washington Redskins to winning the NFL Championship in 1937 and 1942 and was named NFL Player of the Year by the Washington D.C. Touchdown Club in 1947 and 1948 for his play. In both of his Player of the Year seasons, he led the league in completions, attempts, completion percentage, and yards. In 1947, he also led the league in passing touchdowns, interception percentage and passer rating.
Primarily known for his passing prowess, Baugh led the league in completion percentage a record eight times, passing yards four times, and three times in passer rating, among other statistics. However, he was also known for his versatility—having the ability to play at a high level as a punter as well as a defensive back. Throughout his career, he led the league in yards per punt five times, as well as yardage in 1943, a year in which he also led the league in defensive interceptions, with 11. His yards per punt of 51.4 during the 1940 season still stands as an NFL record as of 2020.
Baugh was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in the 17-member charter class of 1963, and was also selected to the NFL 75th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1994 and the NFL 100th Anniversary All-Time Team in 2019.
Samuel Adrian Baugh was born on a farm near Temple, Texas, the second son of James, a worker on the Santa Fe Railroad, and Lucy Baugh. His parents later divorced and his mother raised the three children. When he was 16, the family then moved to Sweetwater, Texas, and he attended Sweetwater High School. As the quarterback of his high school football team (Sweetwater Mustangs), he would practice for hours throwing a football through a swinging automobile tire, often on the run. But apparently, Baugh would practice punting more than throwing.
Baugh, however, really wanted to become a professional baseball player and almost received a scholarship to play at Washington State University. About a month before he started at Washington State, however, Baugh hurt his knee while sliding into second base during a game, and the scholarship fell through.
After coach Dutch Meyer told him he could play three sports (football, baseball, and basketball), Baugh attended Texas Christian University. While at Texas Christian, he threw 587 passes in his three varsity seasons for 39 touchdowns. Baugh was named an All-American in 1935 and 1936. He also led TCU to two bowl game wins, a 3–2 victory over LSU in the 1936 Sugar Bowl, and a 16-6 victory over Marquette in the first annual Cotton Bowl Classic in 1937 after which he was named MVP. He finished fourth in voting for the Heisman Trophy in 1936.
In the spring of his senior year, Redskins owner George Preston Marshall offered Baugh $4,000 to play with the franchise. Originally unsure about playing professional football (coach Meyer offered him a job as the freshman coach and he still thought about playing professional baseball), he did not agree to the contract until after the College All-Star Game, where the team beat the Green Bay Packers 6–0.
College and minor league baseball
Baugh was also a baseball player at Texas Christian, where he played third base. It was during his time as a baseball player that he earned the nickname "Slingin' Sammy", which he got from a Texas sportswriter. After college, Sammy signed a contract with the St. Louis Cardinals and was sent to the minor leagues to play with the American Association Columbus Red Birds in Columbus, Ohio after being converted to shortstop. He was then sent to the International League's Rochester, New York Red Wings, St. Louis's other top farm club. While there he received little playing time behind starting shortstop Marty Marion and was unhappy with his prospects. He then turned to professional football.
As expected, Baugh was drafted in the first round (sixth overall) of the 1937 NFL Draft by the Washington Redskins, the same year the team moved from Boston. He signed a one-year contract with the Redskins and received $8,000, making him the highest-paid player on the team.
During his rookie season in 1937, Baugh played quarterback (although in Washington's formation he was officially lined up as a tailback or halfback until 1944), defensive back, and punter, set an NFL record for completions with 91 in 218 attempts and threw for a league-high 1,127 yards. He led the Redskins to the NFL Championship game against the Chicago Bears, where he finished 17 of 33 for 335 yards and his second-half touchdown passes of 55, 78 and 33 yards gave Washington a 28–21 victory. His 335 passing yards remained the most ever in a playoff game by any rookie quarterback in NFL history until Russell Wilson broke the record in 2012. The Redskins and Bears would meet three times in championship games between 1940 and 1943. In the 1940 Championship game, the Bears recorded the most one-sided victory in NFL history, beating Washington 73–0. After the game, Baugh was asked what would have happened if the Redskins' first drive had resulted in a touchdown. He shrugged and replied "What? The score would have been 73-7."
Baugh's heyday would come during World War II. In 1942, Baugh and the Redskins won the East Conference with a 10–1 record. During the same season the Bears went 11–0 and outscored their opponents 376–84. In the 1942 Championship game, Baugh threw a touchdown pass and kept the Bears in their own territory with some strong punts, including an 85-yard quick kick, and Washington won 14–6.
Baugh had what many consider to be the greatest single-season performance by a pro football player during 1943 in which he led the league in pass completions, punting (45.9-yard average) and interceptions (11). One of Baugh's more memorable single-game performances during the season was when he threw four touchdown passes and intercepted four passes in a 42–20 victory over Detroit. He was selected as an All-Pro tailback that year. The Redskins again made it to the championship game, but lost to the Bears 41–21. During the game, Baugh suffered a concussion while tackling Bears quarterback Sid Luckman and had to leave.
During the 1945 season, Baugh completed 128 of 182 passes for a 70.33 completion percentage, which was an NFL record then and remains the fourth-best today (to Ken Anderson, 70.55 in 1982, and Drew Brees, 70.62 in 2009, 71.23 in 2011). He threw 11 touchdown passes and only four interceptions. The Redskins again won the East Conference but lost 15–14 in the 1945 Championship game against the Cleveland Rams. The one-point margin of victory came under scrutiny because of a safety that occurred early in the game. In the first quarter, the Redskins had the ball at their own 5-yard line. Dropping back into the end zone, Baugh threw to an open receiver, but the ball hit the goal post (which at the time was on the goal line instead of at the back of the end zone) and bounced back to the ground in the end zone. Under the rules at the time, this was ruled as a safety and thus gave the Rams a 2–0 lead. It was that safety that proved to be the margin of victory. Owner Marshall was so angry at the outcome that he became a major force in passing the following major rule change after the season: A forward pass that strikes the goal posts is automatically ruled incomplete. This later became known as the "Baugh/Marshall Rule".
One of Baugh's more memorable single performances came on "Sammy Baugh Day" on November 23, 1947. That day, the Washington D.C. Touchdown Club honored him at Griffith Stadium and gave him a station wagon. Against the Chicago Cardinals he passed for 355 yards and six touchdowns. That season, the Redskins finished 4–8, but Baugh had career highs in completions (210), attempts (354), yards (2,938) and touchdown passes (25), leading the league in all four categories.
Baugh played for five more years—leading the league in completion percentage for the sixth and seventh times in 1948 and 1949. He then retired after the 1952 season. In his final game, a 27–21 win over Philadelphia at Griffith Stadium, he played for several minutes before retiring to a prolonged standing ovation from the crowd. Baugh won numerous NFL passing titles and earned first-team All-NFL honors four times in his career. He completed 1,693 of 2,995 passes for 21,886 yards.
By the time he retired, Baugh set 13 NFL records in three player positions: quarterback, punter, and defensive back. He is considered one of the all-time great football players. He gave birth to the fanaticism of Redskins fans. As Michael Wilbon of The Washington Post says: "He brought not just victories but thrills and ignited Washington with a passion even the worst Redskins periods can barely diminish." He was the first to play the position of quarterback as it is played today, the first to make of the forward pass an effective weapon rather than an "act of desperation".
Two of his records as quarterback still stand: most seasons leading the league in passing (six; tied with Steve Young) and most seasons leading the league with the lowest interception percentage (five). He is also fourth in highest single-season completion percentage (70.33), most seasons leading the league in yards gained (four) and most seasons leading the league in completion percentage (seven).
As a punter, Baugh retired with the NFL record for highest punting average in a career (45.1 yards), and is still second all-time (Shane Lechler 46.5 yards), and has the best (51.4 in 1940) and fourth-best (48.7 in 1941) season marks. He led the league in punting from 1940 through 1943. As a defensive back, he was the first player in league history to intercept four passes in a game, and is the only player to lead the league in passing, punting, and interceptions in the same season.
As one of the best-known of the early NFL quarterbacks, Baugh is likely to be compared to more recent great players. As noted by Michael Wilbon in The Washington Post, the football of Baugh's era was rounder at the ends and fatter in the middle than the one used today, making it far more difficult to pass well (or even to create a proper spiral). Additionally, it is important to point out that pass-interference rules have intensified dramatically, inflating modern quarterbacks' statistics.
While playing for the Redskins, Baugh and teammate Wayne Millner were assistant coaches with The Catholic University of America's Cardinals, and went with them to the 1940 Sun Bowl. Baugh left Washington, D.C. in 1952. He chose not to return for Redskins team functions, despite repeated organization invitations. After his playing career, he became head coach at Hardin–Simmons University where he compiled a 23–28 record between 1955 and 1959.
Baugh was the first coach of the New York Titans (Which eventually became the New York Jets)of the American Football League in 1960 and 1961 compiling a record of 14-14. He was an assistant at the University of Tulsa in 1963 under head coach Glenn Dobbs. At Tulsa, he coached All-American quarterback Jerry Rhome. In 1964, Baugh coached the AFL's Houston Oilers and went 4–10.
Baugh also took up acting. In 1941, he made $6,400 for starring in a 12-week serial as a dark-haired Texas Ranger named Tom King. The serial, called King of the Texas Rangers, was released by Republic Studios. The episodes ran in theaters as Saturday matinees; it also starred Duncan Renaldo, later famous as TV's Cisco Kid.
Robert Duvall patterned the role of Gus McCrae in the television series Lonesome Dove after Baugh, particularly his arm movements, after visiting him at his home in Texas in 1988.
Personal and later life
After retiring from football, Baugh and his wife Edmonia Smith moved to the ranch, where they had four boys and a girl. Edmonia died in 1990, after 52 years of marriage to Baugh, who was her high school sweetheart. According to his son, Baugh derived far more pleasure from ranching than he ever had from football, saying that he enjoyed the game, but if he could live his life over again, he probably wouldn't play sports at all.
Baugh's health began to decline after the death of his wife. During his last years, he lived in a nursing home in a little West Texas town called Jayton, not far from Double Mountain Ranch. The Double Mountain Ranch is now in the hands of Baugh's son David and is still a cow-calf operation, on 20,000 acres (81 km2).
Honors and tributes
Baugh was the last surviving member of the 17-member charter class of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Additionally, he was honored by the Redskins with the retirement of his jersey number, No. 33, one of only two numbers officially retired by the team.
Hip hop artist Jay-Z wore Baugh's Mitchell & Ness 1947 Washington jersey in his 2002 video for "Girls, Girls, Girls." This increased demand for the throwback jersey and renewed popular awareness of Baugh.
- Additional Honors
- A street in his hometown of Rotan, Texas
- 50th Anniversary Team by the NFL (1969)
- 75th Anniversary Team by the NFL (1994), included in Madden NFL 10
- 36th greatest athlete of the 20th century by Burt Randolph Sugar (1995)
- 64th greatest athlete of the 20th century by ESPN (1999)
- 43rd greatest athlete of the 20th century by the Associated Press (1999)
- 3rd greatest NFL player of the 20th century by the Associated Press (1999)
- 11th greatest NFL player of the 20th century by The Sporting News (1999) (highest-ranking player for the Redskins)
- Scripps-Howard all-time college football team (1999)
- 14th greatest NFL player of all-time by NFL Network/NFL Films (2010)
- 4th greatest college football player by SPORT magazine (1999)
- 3rd greatest college football player by College Football News (2003)
- 7th greatest college football player by Brad Rawlins (2006)
- 5th greatest college football player by ESPN (2007)
- Named starting quarterback, defensive back and punter of the Cold, Hard Football Facts.com "All-Time 11" (2006)
- Named as the Most Versatile Player of all-time by the NFL Network (2007).
- Has his number (21) retired at Sweetwater High School, his alma mater.
- Had a children's home in Jayton, Kent County, Texas named in his honor.
- TCU's indoor practice facility is named after him.
- Included as an All-Player Legend on Madden NFL 25 and Madden NFL 15 as a quarterback.
- The golf course at Western Texas College (http://sammybaughgolf.com) is named for him.
NFL career statistics
|Led the league|
|Won the NFL championship|
|NFL Player of the Year|
Head coaching record
|Hardin–Simmons Cowboys (Border Conference) (1955–1959)|
|National championship Conference title Conference division title or championship game berth|
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|NYJ||1960||7||7||0||.500||2nd in AFL East||-||-||-|
|NYJ||1961||7||7||0||.500||3rd in AFL East||-||-||-|
|HOU||1964||4||10||0||.286||4th in AFL East||-||-||-|
- List of NCAA major college football yearly passing leaders
- List of NCAA major college football yearly total offense leaders
- "Sammy Baugh Stats". Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "NFL Record Factbook 2015" (PDF). Retrieved November 27, 2016.
- "NFL Single-Season Yards per Punt Leaders". Retrieved September 19, 2017.
- "Baugh perfected the perfect pass". ESPN. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- Holley, Joe. "A Redskin Forever Hailed". Washington Post. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "A Life For Two Tough Texans: Page 1". Sports Illustrated. October 20, 1969. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- "Sweetwater Team History". Lone Star Grirdiron. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "A Life For Two Tough Texans: Page 7". Sports Illustrated. October 20, 1969. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- "A Life For Two Tough Texans: Page 8". Sports Illustrated. October 20, 1969. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Sammy Baugh". College Football Hall of Fame. Football Foundation. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Cotton Bowl Classic match makers". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on December 28, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "THE COFFIN CORNER: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2002): Sammy Baugh" (PDF). Pro Football Researchers. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 11, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Sammy Baugh's Pro Football HOF profile". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- Nash, Bruce, and Allen Zullo (1986). The Football Hall of Shame, 68-69, Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-74551-4.
- "Michael Wilbon: Baugh Belongs in Quarterback Conversation". The Washington Post. December 19, 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
- "A brief, fact-filled history of the NFL passing game". Cold, Hard Football Facts.
- "Baugh to Greet C.U. Players". The Washington Post. December 14, 1939. p. 26.
- "Tulsa World: Sammy Baugh dies". archive.is. December 23, 2008. Archived from the original on December 23, 2008.
- "Sammy Baugh's Acting profile". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Hall of Fame quarterback Sammy Baugh dies at 94".
- Rovell, Darrenn (February 26, 2003). "Old-school is new again". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- Hurrey, Scott. "Sammy Baugh- The Best Ever?". the-hogs.net. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- #14: Sammy Baugh. The Top 100: NFL's Greatest Players (Television production, YouTube video). NFL Films. June 10, 2016 . Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "Cold, Hard Football Facts.com: The Truth Hurts". Cold, Hard Football Facts. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved February 15, 2007.
- "Sammy Baugh Classic". sweetwatertexas.org. Sweetwater Texas Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- Taylor, Cindi (August 27, 2015). "Sammy Baugh Children's Home Closing". The Texas Spur. Archived from the original on December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "Sam Baugh Indoor Practice Facility & Cox Field". gofrogs.com. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- Todd, Brett (August 26, 2013). "Madden NFL 25 Review". gamespot.com. CBS Interactive, Inc. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "20 Hall of Famers You Didn't Know Where in Madden". easports.com. Electronic Arts, Inc. November 24, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
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