President of the Senate of the Philippines

The president of the Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or Filipino: Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas) more popularly known as the Senate president, is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the Senate of the Philippines, and third highest and most powerful official in the Government of the Philippines. He/she is elected by the entire body to be their leader. The Senate president is second in line in succession for the presidency, behind the vice president of the Philippines and in front of the speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.

President of the Senate of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Senate
Flag of the Senate
Incumbent
Vicente Sotto III

since May 21, 2018
StyleMr. President
(informal)
The Honorable
(formal)
His Excellency
(formal, diplomtic)
Member ofSenate of the Philippines
National Security Council
Commission on Appointments
Reports toSenate of the Philippines
AppointerThe Senate
Term lengthAt the Senate's pleasure
Inaugural holderManuel L. Quezon
FormationOctober 16, 1916
SuccessionSecond in the Presidential Line of Succession
WebsiteSenate

The current Senate president of the 18th Congress of the Philippines is Tito Sotto, who was elected on July 22, 2019.

Election

The Senate president is elected by the majority of the members of the Senate from among themselves; Since there are 24 senators, 13 votes are needed to win the Senate presidency, including any vacant seats or senators not attending the session. Although Senate presidents are elected at the start of each Congress, there had been numerous instances of Senate coups in which a sitting Senate president is unseated in the middle of session. Term-sharing agreements among senators who are both eyeing the position of the Senate president also played a role in changing the leadership of the Senate, but in a smooth manner, the peaceful transition of power and this was done two times in 1999 and in 2006.

Unlike most Senate presidents that are the symbolic presiding officers of the upper house, the Senate president of the Philippines wields considerate power by influencing the legislative agenda and has the ability to vote not just in order to break ties, although the Senate president is traditionally the last senator to vote. A tied vote, therefore, means that the motion is lost, and that the Senate president cannot cast a tie-breaking vote since that would mean that the presiding officer would have had voted twice.

Powers and duties

According to the Rule 3 of the Rules of the Senate, the Senate president has the powers and duties to:

  • To preside over the sessions of the Senate on the days and at the hours designated by it; to call the Senate to order and, if there is a quorum, to order the reading of the Journal of the preceding session and, after the Senate shall have acted upon it, to dispose of the matters appearing in the Order of Business in accordance with the Rules;
  • To decide all points of order;
  • To sign all measures, memorials, joint and concurrent resolutions; issue warrants, orders of arrest, subpoena and subpoena duces tecum;
  • To see to it that all resolutions of the Senate are complied with;
  • To have general control over the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and offices of the Senate;
  • To maintain order in the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and in the offices of the Senate, and whenever there is disorder, to take appropriate measures to quell it;
  • To designate an acting sergeant-at-arms, if the sergeant-at-arms resigns, is replaced or becomes incapacitated;
  • To appoint the subordinate personnel of the Senate in conformity with the provisions of the General Appropriations Act;
  • To dismiss any employee for cause, which dismissal in the case of permanent and classified employees shall be in conformity with the Civil Service Law; and
  • To diminish or increase the number of authorized personnel by consolidating or separating positions or items whenever the General Appropriations Act so authorizes and the total amount of salaries or allocations does not exceed the amount earmarked therein.

The Senate president is also the ex officio chairman of the Commission on Appointments, a constitutional body within the Congress that has the sole power to confirm all appointments made by the president of the Philippines. Under Section 2 of Chapter 2 of the Rules of the Commission on Appointments, the powers and duties of the Senate president as its ex-officio chairman are as follows:

  • to issue calls for the meetings of the commission;
  • to preside at the meetings of the commission;
  • to preserve order and decorum during the session and, for that purpose, to take such steps as may be convenient or as the commission may direct;
  • to pass upon all questions of order, but from his decision, any member may appeal to the commission; and,
  • to execute such decisions, orders, and resolutions as may have been approved by the commission.

And if other impeachable officers other than the president such as the ombudsman is on an impeachment trial, the Senate president is the presiding officer and shall be the last to vote on the judgment on such cases according to the Senate Rules of Procedure in Impeachment Trials the Senate adopted on March 23, 2011.

In the Senate, he supervises the committees and attended its hearings and meetings if necessary and such committee reports are being submitted to his/her office.

List of Senate presidents

The Senate was created on 1916 with the abolition of the Philippine Commission as the upper house with the Philippine Assembly as the lower house. The Senate and the House of Representatives comprised the Philippine Legislature (PL). Representation was by senatorial district; Manuel L. Quezon was elected senator from the now-defunct 5th Legislative District.

All Senators from 1941 onwards were elected at-large, with the whole Philippines as one constituency.

# Image Senate president Party Tenure of office Legislature
or
Congress
Era Ref.
1 Manuel L. Quezon, Sr. NP August 29, 1916 – November 15, 1935
(19 years, 78 days)
Fourth Insular Government [1]
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth
Ninth
Tenth
  • The Senate and the House of Representatives were merged into the unicameral National Assembly in 1935 at the onset of the Commonwealth period. It was replaced by the bicameral Commonwealth Congress (CC) with the amendment of the 1935 Constitution in 1940, with the first election for a senate elected at large held in November, 1941. However, the outbreak of World War II in the Philippines meant that the Commonwealth Congress did not convene until 1945.
  • For the leaders of the National Assembly, see Speakers of the National Assembly.
Commonwealth [2]
2 Manuel A. Roxas, Sr. NP
(Liberal wing)
July 9, 1945 – May 28, 1946
(323 days)
First [3]
3 José Avelino Liberal May 28, 1946 – February 21, 1949
(2 years, 269 days)
Second
First Third Republic
4 Mariano Jesús Cuenco February 21, 1949 – December 30, 1951
(2 years, 312 days)
Second
5 Quintín Paredes March 5, 1952 – April 17, 1952
(43 days)
6 Camilo O. Osías NP April 17, 1952 – April 30, 1952
(13 days)
7 Eulogio A. Rodriguez Sr. April 30, 1952 – April 17, 1953
(352 days)
Camilo O. Osias
(second time)
LP April 17, 1953 – April 30, 1953
(13 days)
8 José C. Zulueta April 30, 1953 – November 30, 1953
(214 days)
Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
(second time)
NP November 30, 1953 – April 5, 1963
(9 years, 126 days)
Third
Fourth
Fifth
9 Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr. LP April 5, 1963 – December 30, 1965
(2 years, 269 days)
NP
10 Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr. January 17, 1966 – January 26, 1967
(1 year, 9 days)
Sixth
11 Gil J. Puyat, Sr. January 26, 1967 – September 23, 1972
(5 years, 241 days)
Seventh
  • The legislative functions of Congress were absorbed by the President from 1972 to 1978 when the unicameral Batasang Pambansa was formed during the Fourth Republic.
  • For leaders of the Batasang Pambansa, see Speakers of the Batasang Pambansa.
  • After the 1986 EDSA Revolution, the President held legislative powers until a restored bicameral Congress can be elected into office.
Fourth Republic
12 Jovito R. Salonga LP July 27, 1987 – January 1, 1992
(4 years, 158 days)
Eighth Fifth Republic
13 Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr. LDP January 1, 1992January 18, 1993
(1 year, 17 days)
Ninth
14 Edgardo J. Angara January 18, 1993 – August 28, 1995
(2 years, 227 days)
Tenth
Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
(second time)
August 29, 1995 – October 10, 1996
(1 year, 42 days)
15 Ernesto M. Maceda, Sr. NPC October 10, 1996 – January 26, 1998
(1 year, 108 days)
Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
(third time)
LDP January 26, 1998 – June 30, 1998
(155 days)
16 Marcelo B. Fernan July 27, 1998 – June 28, 1999
(336 days)
Eleventh
17 Blas F. Ople LAMMP June 29, 1999 – July 12, 2000
(1 year, 13 days)
18 Franklin M. Drilon Independent July 12, 2000 – November 13, 2000
(124 days)
19 Aquilino "Nene" Q. Pimentel, Jr. PDP–Laban November 13, 2000 – June 30, 2001
(229 days)
Franklin M. Drilon
(second time)
Independent July 23, 2001July 24, 2006
(5 years, 1 day)
Twelfth
LP
Thirteenth
20 Manuel "Manny" B. Villar, Jr. NP July 24, 2006November 17, 2008
(2 years, 116 days)
Fourteenth
21 Juan Ponce Enrile, Sr. PMP November 17, 2008 – June 5, 2013
(4 years, 200 days)
Fifteenth
Franklin M. Drilon
(third time)
LP July 22, 2013 – June 30, 2016
(2 years, 344 days)
Sixteenth
22 Aquilino "Koko" L. Pimentel III PDP–Laban July 25, 2016 – May 21, 2018
(1 year, 300 days)
Seventeenth
23 Vicente "Tito" C. Sotto III NPC May 21, 2018–Incumbent
(3 years, 74 days)
Eighteenth

Birth

Birth
order
Senate presidentBirthdateBirth nameCenturyOrder of
office
Birthplace
1Manuel L. Quezon, Sr.(1878-08-19)August 19, 1878Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina19th1Baler, Tayabas
2Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr(1883-01-23)January 23, 1883Eulogio Adona Rodríguez7Montalban, Manila
3Quintin Paredes(1884-09-09)September 9, 1884Quinttin Pafredes y babila5Bangued, Abra
4Mariano Jesús Cuenco(1888-01-16)January 16, 1888Mariano Jesús Diosomito Cuenco4Carmen, Cebu
5Camilo O. Osias(1889-03-23)March 23, 1889Casmilo Osias y Olaviano6Balaoan, La Union
6José Zulueta(1890-05-03)May 3, 1890Jose Zulueta y Castel8Molo, Iloilo
7José Avelino(1890-08-05)August 5, 1890José Dira Avelino3Calbayog, Samar
8Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.(1892-01-01)January 1, 1892Manuel Róxas y Acuña2Capiz, Capiz
9Gil J. Puyat, Sr.(1907-03-01)March 1, 1907Gil Juco Puyat20th11Manila
10Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr.(1910-09-19)September 19, 1910Arturo Modesto Tolentino10Manila
11Ferdinand Marcos, Sr.(1917-09-11)September 11, 1917Ferdinand Emmanuel Marcos y Edralin9Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
12Jovito Salonga(1920-06-22)June 22, 1920Jovito Reyes Salonga12Pasig, Rizal
13Neptali A. Gonzales , Sr.(1923-06-10)June 10, 1923Neptali Álvaro Gonzales13San Felipe Neri, Rizal
14Juan Ponce Enrile(1924-02-14)February 14, 1924Juan Furagganan Ponce Enrile21Gonzaga, Cagayan
15Marcelo Fernan(1926-10-24)October 24, 1926Marcelo Briones Fernan16Cebu City
16Blas Ople(1927-02-03)February 3, 1927Blas Fajardo Ople17Hagonoy, Bulacan
17Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.(1933-12-11)December 11, 1933Aquilino Quilinging Pimentel Jr.19Claveria, Misamis Oriental
18Edgardo Angara(1934-09-24)September 24, 1934Edgardo Javier Angara14Aurora, Aurora
19Ernesto Maceda(1935-03-26)March 26, 1935Ernesto Madarang Maceda15Pagsanjan, Laguna
20Franklin Drilon(1945-11-28)November 28, 1945Franklin Magtunao Frilon18Iloilo City, Iloilo
21Tito Sotto(1948-08-24)August 24, 1948Vicente Castelo Sotto III23Manila
22Manuel Villar(1949-12-13)December 13, 1949Manuel Bamba Villar, Jr.20Manila
23Aquilino Pimentel III(1964-01-20)January 20, 1964Aquilino Martin de la Llana Pimentel III19Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental

Death

OD OO Senate president Term Date of death Cause of death Age at death Place of death Place of burial Century
11Manuel Luis Quezon, Sr.[4]|1916 - 1935August 1, 1944Tuberculosis65 years, 348 daysSaranac Lake, New YorkArlington Memorial Cemetery (1944-1949)
re interred at Manila North Cemetery in 1949
Moved to Quezon Memorial Circle in 1978
20th
22Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.[5]1945 - 1946April 15, 1948Heart Attack56 years, 105 daysClark Air BaseManila North Cemetery
34Mariano Jesus D. Cuenco1949 - 1951February 25, 196476 years, 40 daysManilaManila North Cemetery
47Eulogio A. Rodrigez, Sr.1952 - 1953
1953 - 1963
December 18, 1964Unknown Cause81 years, 330 daysUnknown
55Quintin B. Paredes1952January 30, 197388 years, 143 daysManilaManila North Cemetery
66Camilo O. Osias1953May 20, 197687 years, 58 daysMetro ManilaLoyola Memorial Park
78José C. Zulueta1953August 15, 197283 years, 104 days
811Gil J. Puyat, Sr.19671972March 22, 1981Cardiac arrest74 years, 21 daysLoyola Memorial Park
93José D. Avelino19461949July 21, 198695 years, 350 days
109Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr.19621965September 28, 1989Multiple organ failure72 years, 11 daysHonolulu, HawaiiFerdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center (until 2016); Libingan ng mga Bayani
1116Marcelo B. Fernán19981999July 11, 1999Cancer72 years, 260 daysManilaCebu City
1213Neptali A. Gonzales I19921993
19951996
1998
September 16, 2001Cancer78 years, 98 days21st
1317Blas F. Ople19992000December 14, 200376 years, 314 daysLibingan ng mga Bayani
1410Arturo M. Tolentino19651967August 2, 2004Heart attack93 years, 318 daysLibingan ng mga Bayani
1512Jovito R. Salonga19871992March 10, 2016Cardiac arrest95 years, 262 daysPasig City Public Cemetery
1615Ernesto M. Maceda19961998June 20, 2016Multiple organ failure81 years, 86 daysLoyola Memorial Park
1714Edgardo J. Angara19931995May 13, 2018Heart Attack83 years, 234 daysBaler, Aurora
1819Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr.20002001October 20, 2019Lymphoma85 years, 313 daysHeritage Memorial Park

Longevity

OL
Senate president
Date of birth
Date of death
Age
1Juan Ponce EnrileFebruary 14, 1924Living97 years, 170 days'
2José AvelinoAugust 5, 1890July 21, 198695 years, 350 days
3Jovito SalongaJune 22, 1920March 10, 201695 years, 262 days
4Arturo TolentinoSeptember 19, 1910August 5, 200493 years, 321 days
5Quintin ParedesSeptember 1, 1884January 30, 197388 years, 151 days
6Camilo OsiasMarch 23, 1889May 20, 197687 years, 58 days
7Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.December 11, 1933October 20, 201985 years, 313 days
8Edgardo AngaraSeptember 24, 1934May 13, 201883 years, 231 days
9José ZuluetaNovember 23, 1889December 6, 197283 years, 13 days
10Eulogio RodriguezJanuary 23, 1883December 18, 196481 years, 330 days
11Ernesto MacedaMarch 26, 1935June 20, 201681 years, 86 days
12Mariano Jesús CuencoJanuary 16, 1884February 25, 196480 years, 48 days
13Neptali GonzalesJune 10, 1923September 16, 200178 years, 98 days
14Blas OpleFebruary 3, 1927December 14, 200377 years, 71 days
15Franklin DrilonNovember 29, 1945Living75 years, 248 days
16Gil PuyatMarch 1, 1907March 22, 198174 years, 21 days
17Marcelo FernánOctober 24, 1926July 11, 199972 years, 260 days
19Tito SottoAugust 24, 1948Living72 years, 344 days
19Ferdinand Marcos[6]September 11, 1917September 28, 198972 years, 17 days
20Manuel VillarDecember 23, 1949Living71 years, 223 days
21Manuel L. Quezon[7]August 19, 1878August 1, 194465 years, 348 days
22Koko PimentelJanuary 20, 1964Living57 years, 195 days
23Manuel Roxas[8]January 1, 1892April 15, 194856 years, 105 days

[9]

Oldest living Senate presidents

Senate president
Date of birth
Became oldest living
Age
Time as oldest living
Date of death
Age
Manuel L. Quezon[10]August 19, 1878August 25, 191638 years, 6 days27 years, 342 daysAugust 1, 194465 years, 348 days
Eulogio RodriguezJanuary 23, 1883August 1, 194461 years, 187 days20 years, 127 daysDecember 18, 196481 years, 330 days
Quintin ParedesSeptember 1, 1884December 18, 196480 years, 108 days8 years, 16 daysJanuary 30, 197388 years, 151 days
Camilo OsiasMarch 23, 1889January 30, 197383 years, 313 days3 years, 138 daysMay 20, 197687 years, 58 days
José AvelinoAugust 5, 1890May 20, 197685 years, 289 days10 years, 62 daysJuly 21, 198695 years, 350 days
Arturo TolentinoSeptember 19, 1910July 21, 198675 years, 305 days18 years, 15 daysAugust 5, 200493 years, 321 days
Jovito SalongaJune 22, 1920August 5, 200484 years, 44 days11 years, 226 daysMarch 10, 201695 years, 262 days
Juan Ponce EnrileFebruary 14, 1924March 18, 201692 years, 33 days 5 years, 138 daysLiving97 years, 170 days
Senate President
Date of Birth
Became Oldest living
Age
Time as Oldest Living
Date of Death
Age

[11]

Living former Senate presidents

As of August 2021, there are four living former Senate presidents.

Senate president Date of birth Age
Juan Ponce Enrile (1924-02-14)February 14, 1924 97 years, 170 days
Franklin Drilon (1945-11-28)November 28, 1945 75 years, 248 days
Manny Villar (1949-12-23)December 23, 1949 71 years, 223 days
Aquilino Pimentel III (1964-01-20)January 20, 1964 57 years, 195 days

[12]

Timeline

Sources

References

  1. "Biography of Senate President Quezon". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  2. "The Legislative Branch: Commonwealth of the Philippines, 1935 – 1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  3. "Biography of Senate President Roxas". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  4. "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  6. "Ferdinand E. Marcos | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  7. "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  8. "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  9. Updated daily according to UTC.
  10. "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  11. Updated daily according to UTC.
  12. Updated daily according to UTC.
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