President of Azerbaijan

The president of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan. The Constitution states that the president is the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he/she "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his executive office, the Presidential Administration, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers regarding economic and social policy and a Security Council regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters.

President of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Prezidenti
Standard of the President
Incumbent
Ilham Aliyev

since 31 October 2003
Typehead of state
ResidenceZuğulba Residence in Baku (primary)
Term lengthSeven years,
unlimited number of terms[1]
Formation30 August 1991 (de facto)
27 November 1995 (de jure)
First holderAyaz Mutalibov
DeputyVice President of Azerbaijan
Salary180,000 AZN annually[2]
WebsiteThe President of Azerbaijan

The primary workplace is the presidential building (also known as the presidential apparatus) on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[3][4][5] Ilham Aliyev, son of the former president, Heydar Aliyev, elected as 4th and current president on 31 October 2003 after his father's resignation due to his deteriorating health.

Selection process and term

Eligibility

Candidates for the position must be Azerbaijani citizens without age restrictions and have lived in Azerbaijan for at least 10 years.[6] According to the Constitution of Azerbaijan, the same person can be on the post of President an unlimited number of terms.

Election

Each faction in the National Assembly has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections. The minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 40,000, before amendments to the law.[7]

Term of office

Prior to 2009, the term of office was five years, with a maximum of two terms. A referendum in 2009 removed the limit on the number of terms, and in 2016, another referendum increased the term to seven years. According to the Azerbaijani administration, a longer term would provide for more continuity in decision-making. The Venice Commission, of which Azerbaijan is a member, warned that this and other provisions of the referendum gave "unprecedented" authority to the president, and could severely upset the balance of power.[1]

Inauguration

The official inauguration ceremony of the President is not publicly held, occurring with the participation of officials of the Azerbaijan state (representatives of political parties, public organizations, military personnel, religious figures), members of the government, deputies of the National Assembly, members of the president's family, as well as foreign representatives and other invited guests.

It is held within three days after the confirmation of the elected president by the Constitutional Court, during which the president takes the following oath:[8]

"I swear, while exercising the powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to observe the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to protect the independence and territorial integrity of the state, and to serve the people with dignity."

Then the person elected President of Azerbaijan puts his right hand on the Koran and takes the following oath:

"I will remain faithful to the national moral values and traditions created by the Azerbaijani people for centuries, and I will always hold them high."

Then the President-elect of Azerbaijan bows and kisses the Azerbaijani flag. The ceremony ends with a speech by the President-elect of Azerbaijan. The following is a list of presidential inaugurations:

Place Date
National Assembly Building 17 June 1992 [9]
Heydar Aliyev Palace 10 October 1993 [10]
18 October 1998 [10]
31 October 2003 [10]
24 October 2008 [10]
National Assembly Building 19 October 2013 [11]

Powers and duties

Guarantor of the Constitution

As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the president ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country's Constitution and federal laws.

Foreign policy

The president is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The president determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.

Military policy

The president serves as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. In this capacity, he has the power to declare a martial law.

Agencies under the president

Presidential Administration

The Office of the President of Azerbaijan is the executive administration of President, and is in charge of fulfilling the constitutional responsibilities of the President.[12] The headquarters of office is located on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[13] It is currently is headed by Samir Nuriyev.

Security Council

A meeting of the security council.

The Security Council (Təhlükəsizlik Şurası) is an advisory body to the President, established on 10 April 1997. The Security Council ensures the creation of conditions for the President to exercise his constitutional powers in the field of security. The Chairman of the Security Council under the President of Azerbaijan is the President of Azerbaijan.[14] The following people are members of the council:

Position Holder
President/Chairman Ilham Aliyev
Vice President of Azerbaijan Mehriban Aliyeva
Secretary of Security Council Ramil Usubov
Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Ali Asadov
Chairman of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan Sahiba Gafarova
Head of the Presidential Administration Samir Nuriyev
Assistant to the President for Law Enforcement and Military Affairs Fuad Alasgarov
Prosecutor General of Azerbaijan Kamran Aliyev
Minister of Internal Affairs Vilayat Eyvazov
Minister of Defense Zakir Hasanov
Minister of Foreign Affairs Jeyhun Bayramov
Head of the State Border Service Elchin Guliyev
Head of the State Security Service Ali Nağıyev
Head of the Foreign Intelligence Service Orxan Sultanov

Chief military advisors to the President of Azerbaijan have included Nuraddin Sadigov (1993–1999), Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).

Symbols

Standard

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, the standard is handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions. The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan.[15] A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan president.

Military flag

The flag of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces was approved by the decree of President Ilham Aliyev on 11 April 2019.[16] The flag of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief is the official military symbol of the President of Azerbaijan, with the original being kept in the service room of the President located in the Presidential Palace. It resembles the army flag but with the words "Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan".[16][17]

Badge

Badge of the President.

The badge of the president (Prezidentinin döş nişanı) was approved by decree on September 15, 2008.[18] It is in the shape of an octagonal star made of 18 carat gold, placed in a circle with a diameter. In the center is a mined image of the State Emblem of Azerbaijan, which is surrounded by two rings and 60 diamonds are lined up between the rings.[19]

Residences

The main (since 2008) presidential residence is Zagulba (Azerbaijani: Zaqulba).[20] Also, the president has several part-time residences outside of Baku:

  • Youth Presidential Palace
  • Presidential Mountain Palace in Qabala
  • "Freedom" Guest House
  • Palace of Happiness
  • Gulustan Palace
  • Presidential Library
  • "Marxal" Treatment and Recreation Complex

As well as several vacation residences:

  • Novkhani (Azerbaijani: Novxanı), Novkhani, Absheron Rayon
  • Khoshbulaq (Azerbaijani: Xoşbulaq), Daşkəsən, Dashkasan District
  • Göy Saray in Baku
  • Vahdat Presidential Summer Palace in Shamakhi
  • "Ulduz" Guest House
  • "Youth" Guest House

Transport and security

Cars belonged to Heydar Aliyev in Heydar Aliyev Center (GAZ-13, ZIL-41047, 1991 W140-600, 1994 W140-limo)

National transport services for the Azerbaijan president are provided by the Special Purpose Garage,[21] which is a unit within the Special State Protection Service.[22]

  • Limousines
    • Maybach 62
    • Mercedes-Benz W221
  • Honorary escort (motorcycles)
  • Airplanes for long-distance travel
  • Boeing 767-300ER 4K-AI01 "Baku-1" Main aircraft
  • Airbus A319-100 4K-AI02 "Baku-2"
  • Gulfstream G550 4K-AI06

The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.

Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)

For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
No. President
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took office Left office Days
1 Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
30 August 1991 6 March 1992 189 None 1. Mütəllibov II 1991
First Nagorno-Karabakh War; Khojaly Massacre; Capture of Shusha; 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown. Forced to submit his resignation after pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front.
- Yagub Mammadov (acting)
Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov
(born 1941)
6 March 1992 14 May 1992 69 None [23]
Ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
(1) Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
14 May 1992 18 May 1992 4 None Mütəllibov II
Deposed from his duty after takeover by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
- Isa Gambar (acting)
Azerbaijani: İsa Qəmbər
(born 1957)
19 May 1992 16 June 1992 28 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party [24]
Took temporary duties of president until the national elections in 1992.
2 Abulfaz Elchibey
Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy
(1938–2000)
16 June 1992 1 September 1993 442 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 2. Elçibəy I 1992 [25]
Among the Soviet republics the Russian army was first withdrawn from Azerbaijan; The national currency of Azerbaijan was put into circulation; State Treasure Foundation was established; Entrance examinations to the high and vocational educational was held with test method for the first time; The foundation of private institutions in the education field was permitted; The passage to the Latin alphabet; Founded the SOCAR; Re-established Azerbaijani Armed Forces; Operation Goranboy.
3 Heydar Aliyev
Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev
(1923–2003)
3 October 1993 31 October 2003 3680 New Azerbaijan Party 3. H.Əliyev II 1993
1998
[26]
Founded the YAP; Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality; Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline; South Caucasus Pipeline; 1994 Baku Metro bombings. Survived coup attempt in 1995.
4 Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
(born 1961)
31 October 2003 Incumbent 6423 New Azerbaijan Party 6. İ.Əliyev I 2003
2008
2013
2018
[27]
Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member to United Nations Security Council; foiled 2007 Baku terrorist plot; Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting; 2010 Mardakert skirmishes; 2011 Azerbaijani protests; Eurovision Song Contest 2012; 2013 Baku protests; 2014 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2014 Nagorno-Karabakh Mil Mi-24 shootdown; 2015 European Games; 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes; Baku City Circuit; 2017 Islamic Solidarity Games; 2020 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Last election

Candidate Party Votes %
Ilham AliyevNew Azerbaijan Party3,394,89886.02
Zahid OrujIndependent122,9563.12
Sardar MammadovAzerbaijan Democratic Party119,6213.03
Gudrat HasanguliyevWhole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party119,3113.02
Hafiz HajiyevModern Equality Party59,9241.52
Araz AlizadehSocial Democratic Party54,5331.38
Faraj GuliyevNational Revival Movement Party45,9671.17
Razi NurullayevIndependent29,2290.74
Invalid/blank votes12,413
Total3,958,852100
Registered voters/turnout5,332,81774.24
Source: CEC

See also

References

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  2. "5 Highest Paid Asian Political Leaders". Archived from the original on 26 July 2018.
  3. "Kompass catalog". Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  4. "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  5. Baku Information Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
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  10. "Дворец имени Гейдара Алиева, Баку, Азербайджан: описание, фото, где находится на карте, как добраться". www.1000mest.ru. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  11. "В Милли Меджлис состоялась инаугурация Президента Азербайджанской Республики" (in Russian). Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  12. OSCE Office in Baku
  13. "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
  14. http://scar.gov.az/?/az/menu/about/
  15. "Standard of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan" (PDF). Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Presidential Library. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  16. "Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələri Ali Baş Komandanının bayrağı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 11 aprel 2019-cu il tarixli 622 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  17. ONA.az. "Ali Baş Komandanın bayrağının hazırlanması, saxlanması və asılması qaydası müəyyənləşib". ONA (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  18. "Azərbaycan Prezidentinin döş nişanı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 15 sentyabr 2008-ci il tarixli 832 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2008.
  19. "Azərbaycan Prezidentinin döş nişanı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 15 sentyabr 2008-ci il tarixli 832 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2008.
  20. ВИЗИТ НЕ ВЕЖЛИВОСТИ. gazeta-nv.info (in Russian). Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  21. Republic of Azerbaijan - Special State Protection Service Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  22. Heydar Aliyev's Heritage International Online Library: Speech by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, the High Chief in a ceremony marking the 5th anniversary of the founding of the National Guard - National Guard headquarters in Azerbaijan, 25 December 1996 Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  23. "Yaqub Məmmədov nurçuları Azərbaycana gətirənin adını açıqladı - MÜSAHİBƏ". publika.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  24. "İsa Qəmbər on adam.az". adam.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  25. (in French) "Les liaisons dangereuses de la police turque" Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, Le Monde diplomatique, March 1997
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