Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova

The Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Socialiștilor din Republica Moldova, PSRM; Russian: Партия социалистов Республики Молдова, romanized: Partija socialistov Respubliki Moldova; ПСРМ) is a democratic socialist,[1][9] social conservative, and Eurosceptic political party in Moldova. Between 2005 and 2011 it was known as the Party of Socialists of Moldova "Motherland" (Partidul Socialiștilor din Moldova «Patria-Rodina», PSMPR). The party has now largely succeeded the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) in terms of election results and opinion polling, winning 31.15% against 3.75% in the 2019 Moldovan parliamentary election.[10] In 2021, the Electoral Bloc of Communists and Socialists was formed with the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova with the aim of joint participation in the 2021 Moldovan parliamentary election.[11] Due to its promotion of Moldovan identity, the party has been described by the media in neighbouring Romania as "anti-Romanian".[12]

Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova

Partidul Socialiștilor din Republica Moldova
Партия социалистов Республики Молдова
AbbreviationPSRM
PresidentIgor Dodon
SecretaryVlad Batrîncea
Parliamentary group leaderZinaida Greceanîi
FoundersVeronica Abramciuc
Eduard Smirnov
Founded29 June 1997 (1997-06-29)
Split fromSocialist Party of Moldova
HeadquartersColumna 148, Chișinău
NewspaperSocialists
Youth wingYoung Guard
Membership (2019)15,892
IdeologyDemocratic socialism[1]
Euroscepticism[1]
Russophilia[2][3][4][5][6]
Social conservatism[7][8]
National affiliationElectoral Bloc of Communists and Socialists
Colours  Red
  Maroon
Parliament
37 / 101
District Presidents
18 / 32
Website
socialistii.md
  • Politics of Moldova
  • Political parties
  • Elections

History

The PSRM was founded in 1997 by members of the Socialist Party of Moldova. The Founding Congress took place on 29 June 1997 in Chișinău. Veronica Abramciuc and Eduard Smirnov were elected as co-chairmen of the new party.[13] The party obtained 0.59% of votes in 1998 election, failing to elect any representative.

In 2001 election the party formed the electoral bloc "Unity", together with the Republican Party of Moldova: the bloc obtained 0.46% of votes, failing to elect any representative. In 2006 elections the party formed the electoral bloc "Motherland", together with the Socialist Party of Moldova: the bloc obtained 4.9% of votes and did not elect any representatives.

The party did not participate in 2009 and 2010 elections, endorsing the Party of Communists of Moldova (PCRM) instead; party chairman Veronica Abramciuc was included in PCRM list and elected to the Parliament.

In 2011, Igor Dodon, former member of the PCRM, joined the party, and was elected as its chairman on 18 December 2011.[14] Subsequently, a Socialist Group, which included Dodon, Veronica Abramciuc and Zinaida Greceanîi, was set up in the Parliament.[15]

The party won the 2014 general election with over 20% of the vote.[1] The party remained in opposition, as two pro-EU center-right parties managed to form a minority cabinet with the external support of the PCRM.[16]

In the Moldovan presidential elections of 2016 party leader Igor Dodon was elected as new President of Moldova. Following the election, Dodon stepped down as party chairman and was replaced by Zinaida Greceanîi. After being defeated in the 2020 Moldovan presidential election, Dodon returned as the party's chairman.

Political positions

The party has an anti-NATO, anti-European Union and pro-Russian stance.[17][18] Party members support nostalgia for the Soviet Union and insist on naming the local language "Moldovan".[18]

Despite their support for Moldovan sovereignty, several party members have Romanian citizenship, for example members of Parliament Alla Dolință, Anatolie Labuneț, Adrian Lebedinschi, Corneliu Furculița, Ghenadi Mitriuc, Radu Mudreac.[19]

The party strongly opposes LGBT rights in Moldova. Despite officially associating itself with left-wing, the party works with nationalist, right-wing and religious movements to counter the "promotion of vice spread with the help of the US in Moldova."[20] The party has links to right-wing populist political parties across Europe, including the Europe of Nations and Freedom parliamentary group.[21]

Party leaders

  • Eduard Smirnov with Veronica Abramciuc (co-chairmen, 1997–2005)
  • Veronica Abramciuc (2005–2011)
  • Igor Dodon (2011–2016)
  • Zinaida Greceanîi (2016–2020)
  • Igor Dodon (2020–present)

Electoral results

The PSRM participated in the Moldovan parliamentary elections in 1998 and 2001 without success. In the 2005 legislative elections, the party contested as part of the Electoral Bloc Motherland and received 4.97% votes, which was not sufficient to enter parliament as it did not pass the electoral threshold of 6.0%. At the 2009 legislative elections in April and July and at the 2010 legislative election, it supported the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova. Its leader Veronica Abramciuc was included in the PCRM candidates list.[22]

Parliament
Election Leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % ± pp Seats +/–
1998 Veronica Abramciuc
and Eduard Smirnov
9,514
0.59%
New
0 / 101
New 12th Extra-parliamentary (ADR: CDM-PDMP-PFD)
Extra-parliamentary (ADR: CDM-PDMP-PFD)
Extra-parliamentary (Independents)
2001 7,277
0.46%
Unity Bloc
(PSRM-PRM)
0.13
0 / 101
0 15th Extra-parliamentary (PCRM)
2005 77,490
4.97%
(Motherland)
4.51
0 / 101
0 4th Extra-parliamentary (PCRM)
Extra-parliamentary (PCRM)
2009 (Apr) Veronica Abramciuc Did not contest Extra-parliamentary (PCRM)
2009 (Jul) Extra-parliamentary (AIE: PLDM-PDM-PL-AMN)
2010 Extra-parliamentary (AIE: PLDM-PDM-PL)
Opposition (CPE: PLDM-PDM-PLR)
2014 Igor Dodon 327,912
20.51%
20.51
25 / 101
21 1st Opposition (APME: PLDM-PDM)
Opposition (AIE III: PLDM-PDM-PL)
Opposition (PDM-PPEM-PL)
2019 Zinaida Greceanîi 441,191
31.15%
10.64
35 / 101
10 1st Coalition (ACUM: (PAS-PPPDA)-PSRM)
Coalition (PSRM-PDM)
Minority Government (PSRM)
2021 Igor Dodon TBD
0%
(BECS)
0 / 101
President
Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
2001 Extra-parliamentary Lost N
2005 Lost N
2009 (May–Jun) No winner
2009 (Nov–Dec) No winner
2011–2012 Endorsed Nicolae Timofti 62[lower-alpha 1]
61.39%
Elected Y
2016 Igor Dodon 680,550
47.98%
834,081
52.11%
Elected Y
2020 Igor Dodon 439,866
32.61%
690,614
42.28%
Lost N
  1. President was elected by 101 members of Parliament


District and Municipal Councils

Year of elections # Votes  % of votes # Seats
2019 291.257 27.08
326 / 1,116

Mayors

Year of elections Mayors  % of votes # Seats
2019[23] 206 22.9
206 / 898

References

  1. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Moldova". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  2. Locoman, Ecaterina (2021). "Moldova wants to be more European and less corrupt. Parliament isn't helping". The Washington Post.
  3. "Moldovans vote for president, pro-EU or pro-Russia visions". AP News. 2020.
  4. "Moldova: Protesters demand chance to oust pro-Russia parliament". DW News. 2020.
  5. "Moldova election: Pro-EU candidate Maia Sandu wins presidency". BBC. 2020.
  6. "Moldova's pro-Russian prime minister resigns after protests". Al Jazzera. 2020.
  7. Socor, Vladimir (2020). "Igor Dodon, Moldova's Strawman Dictator (Part Two)". JamesTown.
  8. Nescutu, Madalin (2018). "Moldova to Host Global Christian Right-Wing Congress". BalkanInsight.
  9. "Programul PSRM" (in Romanian).
  10. "DOC / Rezultatele sondajului socio-politic FOP. Dacă duminică ar avea loc alegeri: PSRM - 50,3%, PAS -25,9%, PDM - 6,2%, PPDA - 4,1 și PCRM 3,7%" (in Romanian). Ziarul Timpul și Fondul Opiniei Publice. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-01-06.
  11. "Ultima oră! CEC a înregistrat blocul electoral al PCRM și PSRM" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-05-16.
  12. Căpitănescu, Florentin (2016). "Igor Dodon's anti-Romanian policy". Radio Romania International.
  13. "Partidul Socialiştilor din Republica Moldova (PSRM) / partide.md". Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  14. Infoprut.ro
  15. ""Ãðóïïà Äîäîíà" ñîçäàëà â ïàðëàìåíòå Ìîëäàâèè ôðàêöèþ ñîöèàëèñòîâ". ÈÀ REGNUM. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  16. Timuş, Natalia (23 March 2015). "A democratic and European stern test for Moldovan political elite". Party Systems and Governments Observatory. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  17. Socor, Vladimir. "Russia's New Moldovan Favorite: Igor Dodon's Socialist Party". Eurasia Daily Monitor Volume. Archived from the original on 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  18. "PSRM: "Patria noastră este Moldova. Limba noastră este moldovenească "". Timpul.md. Archived from the original on 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  19. "DOC: Deputaţii PSRM cu paşaport românesc, care acum jumătate de an spuneau că au depus cereri să li se retragă cetăţenia română, au MINŢIT". Jurnal.md. Archived from the original on 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  20. Vlas, Cristi (22 May 2016). "LGBT solidarity march in Moldova stopped due to fear of clashes with orthodox counter protesters". Moldova.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  21. ENF Group invited to the new Moldovan president's investiture
  22. "Election News from February 11, 2009 / Elections 2009". Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  23. "alegeri.md - Alegeri în Republica Moldova", Alegeri.md/w/pagina_principal%c4%83, retrieved October 29, 2019
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