Order of Merit of the Italian Republic

The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.[1]

Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Insignia of a Knight of the Italian Republic
TypeOrder of knighthood
Awarded forMeritorious service or achievement
Presented by Italy
EligibilityCivilian and military divisions
StatusExtant
Established3 March 1951 (3 March 1951)
Websitehttps://www.quirinale.it/page/omri 
Precedence
Next (lower)Military Order of Italy

The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI.[2]

The order effectively replaced national orders such as the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362).[note 1]

Grades

Investiture takes place biannually on 2 June, the anniversary of the foundation of the Republic and on 27 December, the anniversary of the promulgation of the Italian Constitution. However, those awards on Presidential motu proprio, related to termination of service or granted to foreigners may be made at any time.

The badge, modified in 2001, bears the inscription Al Merito della Repubblica encircling the national coat of arms on the obverse and the Latin Patriæ Unitati (for the union of the country) and Civium Libertati (for the liberty of the citizens) encircling the head of Italia Turrita on the reverse.[4] The six degrees with corresponding ribbons are as follows (with numbers to 2 June 2020):

Ribbon
(1951–2001)
Ribbon
(since 2001)
Class (English)Full title in ItalianAwards
Knight Grand Cross with CollarCavaliere di Gran Croce Decorato di Gran Cordone Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana200
1st Class / Knight Grand CrossCavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana9,178
2nd Class / Grand OfficerGrande Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana24,830
3rd Class / CommanderCommendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana48,184
4th Class / OfficerUfficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana33,442
5th Class / KnightCavaliere Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana146,390

The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, as head of the orders of knighthood, on the recommendation of the President of the Council of Ministers. Except in exceptional circumstances, no one can be awarded for the first time a rank higher than Knight. The minimum age requirement is normally 35.

The Knight Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to heads of state.

Recipients

Grand Cross with Collar

  • Presidency of Luigi Einaudi (12 May 1948–11 May 1955):[5]
Date Recipient
28 December 1952 Greece – King Paul I (1947–1964)
11 March 1953 Brazil – President Getúlio Vargas (1930–1945; 1951–1954)
30 May 1953 Monaco – Prince Rainier III (1949–2005)
16 July 1953 Lebanon – President Camille Chamoun (1952–1958)
6 October 1953 Venezuela – President Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1953–1958)
16 November 1953 Argentina – President Juan Domingo Perón (1946–1955; 1973–1974)
31 December 1953 Germany – President Theodor Heuss (1949–1959)
13 February 1954 Haiti – President Paul Magloire (1950–1956)
31 July 1954 Dominican Republic – President Rafael Trujillo (1930–1938; 1942–1952)
6 September 1954 Chile – President Carlos Ibanez del Campo (1927–1931; 1952–1958)
17 November 1954 Sovereign Order of Malta – Liutenant Grand Master Fra' Antonio Hercolani Fava Simonetti (1951–1955)
6 December 1954 France – President René Coty (1954–1959)
12 February 1955 El Salvador – President Oscar Osorio (1950–1956)
  • Presidency of Giovanni Gronchi (11 May 1955–11 May 1962):[6]
Date Recipient
11 May 1955 Italy – Former President Luigi Einaudi (1948–1955)
21 October 1955 Ethiopia – Emperor Haile Selassie (1930–1974)
16 January 1956 Brazil – President Juscelino Kubitschek (1956–1961)
5 June 1956 Italy – Former President Enrico De Nicola (1946–1948)
20 September 1956 Liberia – President William Tubman (1944–1971)
15 November 1956 Peru – President Manuel Prado Ugarteche (1939–1945; 1956–1962)
18 January 1957 Costa Rica – President José Figueres Ferrer (1948–1949; 1953–1958; 1970–1974)
6 March 1957 Sovereign Order of Malta – Liutenant Grand Master Fra' Ernesto Paternò Castello di Carcaci (1955–1962)
11 March 1957 Ireland — President Seán T. O'Kelly (1945–1959)
13 May 1957 Turkey – President Celal Bayar (1950–1960)
11 June 1957 Panama – President Ernesto de la Guardia (1956–1960)
26 August 1957 Iran – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941–1979)
1 October 1957 El Salvador – President José María Lemus (1956–1960)
9 May 1958 United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II (1952–incumbent)
16 June 1959 France – President Charles De Gaulle (1959–1969)
11 June 1960 Argentina – President Arturo Frondizi (1958–1962)
8 September 1960 Finland – President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (1956–1982)
22 September 1960 Thailand – King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946–2016)
29 November 1960 Uruguay – President Benito Nardone (1960–1961)
6 April 1961 Uruguay – President Eduardo Víctor Haedo (1961–1962)
  • Presidency of Antonio Segni (11 May 1962–6 December 1964):[7]
Date Recipient
25 May 1962 Tunisia – President Habib Bourguiba (1957–1987)
2 October 1962 Senegal – President Léopold Sédar Senghor (1960–1980)
8 October 1962 Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Angelo de Mojana di Cologna (1962–1988)
27 November 1962 Greece – Prince Constantine
25 September 1963 Ghana – President Kwame Nkrumah (1960–1966)
2 October 1963 Somalia – President Aden Adde (1960–1967)
20 April 1964 Denmark – King Frederick IX (1947–1972)
18 June 1964 Uruguay – President Luis Giannattasio (1964–1965)
  • Presidency of Giuseppe Saragat (29 December 1964–29 December 1971):[8]
Date Recipient
16 June 1965 Peru – President Fernando Belaúnde Terry (1963–1968; 1980–1985)
20 June 1965 Mexico – President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1964–1970)
21 June 1965 Norway – King Olav V (1957–1991)
2 July 1965 Chile – President Eduardo Frei Montalva (1964–1970)
8 August 1965 Germany – President Heinrich Lübke (1959–1969)
8 September 1965 Venezuela – President Raúl Leoni (1964–1969)
 Argentina – President Arturo Umberto Illia (1963–1966)
 Brazil – President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (1964–1967)
21 October 1965 Poland – Chairman of the Council of State Edward Ochab (1964–1968)
11 June 1966 Belgium – King Baudouin (1951–1993)
14 June 1966 Sweden – King Gustaf VI Adolf (1950–1973)
28 November 1966 El Salvador – President Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo (1962–1967)
8 August 1969 Ivory Coast – President Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1960–1993)
2 October 1969 Yugoslavia – President Josip Broz Tito (1953–1980)
  • Presidency of Giovanni Leone (29 December 1971–15 June 1978):[9]
Date Recipient
30 December 1971 Austria – President Franz Jonas (1965–1974)
23 November 1972 Indonesia – President Suharto (1968–1998)
21 March 1973 Germany – President Gustav Heinemann (1969–1974)
8 May 1973 Zaire – President Mobutu Sese Seko (1965–1997)
21 May 1973 Romania – President of the State Council Nicolae Ceausescu (1967–1989)
8 June 1973 Saudi Arabia – King Faisal (1964–1975)
1 October 1973 France – President Georges Pompidou (1969–1974)
23 October 1973 Netherlands – Queen Juliana (1948–1980)
 Netherlands – Prince Bernhard (1948–1980)
26 October 1973 Luxembourg – Grand Duke Jean (1964–2000)
21 November 1973 Gabon – President Omar Bongo (1967–2009)
8 February 1974 Mexico – President Luis Echeverría (1970–1976)
22 April 1974 Oman – Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said (1970–2020)
15 December 1974 Iran – Prince Reza Pahlavi
 Iran – Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi (1961–1979)
6 April 1976 Egypt – President Anwar Sadat (1970–1981)
17 November 1976 Venezuela – President Carlos Andrés Pérez (1974–1979; 1989–1993)
8 November 1977 Denmark – Queen Margrethe II (1972–incumbent)
29 April 1978 Turkey – President Fahri Koruturk (1973–1980)
  • Presidency of Sandro Pertini (9 July 1978–29 June 1985):[10]
Date Recipient
18 September 1979 Germany – President Karl Carstens (1979–1984)
14 May 1980 Portugal – President António Ramalho Eanes (1976–1986)
26 May 1980 Spain – King Juan Carlos I (1975–2014)
18 November 1980 Greece – President Konstantinos Karamanlis (1980–1985; 1990–1995)
17 December 1980 Yugoslavia – President Cvijetin Mijatović (1980–1981)
30 March 1981 Mexico – President José López Portillo (1976–1982)
 Costa Rica – President Rodrigo Carazo Odio (1978–1982)
1 April 1981 Colombia – President Julio César Turbay Ayala (1978–1982)
14 October 1981 Mozambique – President Samora Machel (1975–1986)
30 January 1982 Egypt – President Hosni Moubarak (1981–2011)
9 March 1982 Japan – Emperor Hirohito (1926–1989)
5 July 1982 France – President François Mitterrand (1981–1995)
26 November 1983 Jordan – King Hussein (1952–1999)
20 June 1984 Costa Rica – President Luis Alberto Monge (1982–1986)
11 March 1985 Argentina – President Raúl Alfonsín (1983–1989)
27 March 1985 Netherlands – Queen Beatrix (1980–2013)
 Netherlands – Prince Claus (1980–2002)
Date Recipient
24 April 1986 Germany – President Richard von Weizsäcker (1984–1994)
25 July 1986 Ireland – President Patrick John Hillery (1976–1990)
5 October 1987 Iceland – President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (1980–1996)
6 June 1988 Venezuela – President Jaime Lusinchi (1984–1989)
16 June 1988 Philippines – President Corazon Aquino (1986–1992)
5 April 1989 Portugal – President Mario Soares (1986–1996)
12 May 1989 Poland – President Wojciech Jaruzelski (1989–1990)
22 May 1990 Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Andrew Bertie (1988–1998)
11 June 1990 San Marino – Captain Regent Ottaviano Rossi (1990)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Aldemiro Bartolini (1990)
8 April 1991 Sweden – King Carl XVI Gustav (1973–incumbent)
17 April 1991 Chile – President Patricio Aylwin (1990–1994)
15 July 1991 Hungary – President Árpád Göncz (1990–2000)
18 September 1991 Malta – President Censu Tabone (1989–1994)
19 December 1991 Russia – President Boris Yeltsin (1991–1999)
28 April 1992 Italy – President Francesco Cossiga (1985–1992) self-awarded
  • Presidency of Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (25 May 1992–15 May 1999):[12]
Date Recipient
5 October 1992 Argentina – President Carlos Menem (1989–1999)
27 January 1993 Austria – President Thomas Klestil (1992–2004)
14 September 1993 Finland – President Mauno Koivisto (1982–1994)
3 May 1995 Ukraine – President Leonid Kuchma (1994–2005)
24 June 1995 Brazil – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995–2002)
29 June 1995 Venezuela – President Rafael Caldera (1994–1999)
19 July 1995 Chile – President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (1994–2000)
21 July 1995 Uruguay – President Julio María Sanguinetti (1995–2000)
16 November 1995 Malta – President Ugo Mifsud Bonnici (1994–1999)
26 March 1996 Mexico – President Ernesto Zedillo (1994–2000)
23 April 1996 Albania – President Sali Berisha (1992–1997)
28 May 1996 Poland – President Aleksander Kwaśniewski (1995–2005)
7 October 1996 Turkey – President Süleyman Demirel (1993–2000)
28 January 1997 Finland – President Martti Ahtisaari (1994–2000)
20 April 1997 Germany – President Roman Herzog (1994–1999)
2 May 1997 Uzbekistan – President Islam Karimov (1991–2016)
4 May 1997 Kazakhstan – President Nursultan Nazarbayev (1990–2019)
20 May 1997 Lithuania – President Algirdas Brazauskas (1992–1998)
21 May 1997 Latvia – President Guntis Ulmanis (1993–1999)
22 May 1997 Estonia – President Lennart Meri (1992–2001)
19 July 1997 Saudi Arabia – King Fahd (1982–2005)
5 November 1997 Lebanon – President Elias Hrawi (1989–1998)
13 November 1997 Slovakia – President Michal Kovac (1993–1998)
3 March 1998 San Marino – Captain Regent Marino Zanotti (1998)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Luigi Mazza (1998)
12 April 1998 Japan – Emperor Akihito (1989–2019)
12 May 1998 Belgium – King Albert II (1993–2013)
19 January 1999 Dominican Republic – President Leonel Fernández (1996–2000; 2008–2012)
19 February 1999 Palestine – President Yasser Arafat (1994–2004)
23 February 1999 Lithuania – President Valdas Adamkus (1998–2003; 2004–2009)
  • Presidency of Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (18 May 1999–15 May 2006):[13]
Date Recipient
21 October 1999 France – President Jacques Chirac (1995–2007)
15 November 1999 Algeria – President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1999–2019)
2 March 2000 South Korea – President Kim Dae-Jung (1998–2003)
3 March 2000 Chile – President Ricardo Lagos (2000–2006)
11 April 2000 Morocco – King Mohammed VI (1999–incumbent)
26 April 2000 Qatar – Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (1995–2013)
23 January 2001 Greece – President Konstantinos Stephanopoulos (1995–2005)
9 February 2001 Jordan – King Abdullah II (1999–incumbent)
7 March 2001 Argentina – President Fernando de la Rúa (1999–2001)
 Uruguay – President Jorge Batlle (2000–2005)
19 October 2001 Norway – King Harald V (1991–incumbent)
27 November 2001 Portugal – President Jorge Sampaio (1996–2006)
14 January 2002 Serbia and Montenegro – President Vojislav Koštunica (2000–2003)
6 March 2002 South Africa – President Thabo Mbeki (1999–2008)
11 March 2002 San Marino – Captain Regent Gino Giovagnoli (2002)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Alberto Cecchetti (2002)
22 March 2002 Germany – President Johannes Rau (1999–2004)
27 March 2002 Czech Republic – President Vaclav Havel (1993–2003)
17 June 2002 Hungary – President Ferenc Mádl (2000–2005)
28 June 2002 Slovakia – President Rudolf Schuster (1999–2004)
4 December 2002 Peru – President Alejandro Toledo (2001–2006)
14 March 2003 Luxembourg – Grand Duke Henri (2000–incumbent)
9 June 2003 Malaysia – King Sirajuddin of Perlis (2001–2006)
16 January 2004 Malta – President Guido de Marco (1999–2004)
8 April 2004 Latvia – President Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (1999–2007)
 Estonia – President Arnold Rüütel (2001–2006)
5 April 2005 Bulgaria – President Georgi Parvanov (2002–2012)
11 May 2005 Malta – President Edward Fenech Adami (2004–2009)
12 December 2005 Monaco – Prince Albert II (2005–incumbent)
18 January 2006 Greece – President Karolos Papoulias (2005–2015)
15 March 2006 Germany – President Horst Kohler (2004–2010)
Date Recipient
11 October 2006 Ghana – President John Agyekum Kufour (2001–2009)[15]
20 February 2007 Slovakia – President Ivan Gašparovič (2004–2014)[16]
8 June 2007 Austria – President Heinz Fischer (2004–2016)[17]
9 October 2007 Chile – President Michelle Bachelet (2006–2010; 2014–2018)[18]
30 October 2007 Saudi Arabia – King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz al Saud (2005–2015)[19]
1 September 2008 Finland – President Tarja Halonen (2000–2012)[20]
14 October 2008 Lebanon – President Michel Suleiman (2008–2014)[21]
27 October 2008 Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Matthew Festing (2008–2017)[22]
2 September 2009 South Korea – President Lee Myung-bak (2008–2013)[23]
30 October 2009 Turkey – President Abdullah Gül (2007–2014)[24]
11 March 2010 SyriaPresident Bashar Al-Assad (2000–incumbent)[25]
Revoked by the President of the Republic on 28 September 2012 for "indignity"[26]
25 April 2010 Malta – President George Abela (2009–2014)[27]
26 April 2010 Kuwait – Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006–2020)[28]
11 January 2011 Slovenia – President Danilo Türk (2007–2012)[29]
6 July 2011 Croatia – President Ivo Josipović (2010–2015)[30]
7 September 2011 Romania – President Traian Băsescu (2004–2014)[31]
10 June 2012 Poland – President Bronisław Komorowski (2010–2015)[32]
15 November 2012 France – President François Hollande (2012–2017)[33]
20 February 2013 Germany – President Joachim Gauck (2012–2017)[34]
4 March 2014 Albania – President Bujar Nishani (2012–2017)[35]
5 May 2014 Slovenia – President Borut Pahor (2012–incumbent)[36]
4 June 2014 San Marino – Captain Regent Luca Beccari (2014)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Valeria Ciavatta (2014)[37] [38]
Date Recipient
23 November 2015 Greece – President Prokopis Pavlopoulos (2015–2020)[39]
11 March 2016 Cameroon – President Paul Biya (1982–incumbent)[40]
30 May 2016 Romania – President Klaus Iohannis (2014–incumbent)[41]
21 June 2016 Mexico – President Enrique Peña Nieto (2012–2018)[42]
4 August 2016 Bulgaria – President Rosen Plevneliev (2012–2017)[43]
23 January 2017 Tunisia – President Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–2019)[44]
2 May 2017 Argentina – President Mauricio Macri (2015–2019)[45]
19 June 2017 Netherlands – King Willem-Alexander (2013–incumbent)[46]
7 September 2017 Malta – President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca (2014–2019)[47]
18 September 2017 Finland – President Sauli Niinistö (2012–incumbent)[48]
29 November 2017 Portugal – President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (2016–incumbent)[49]
5 June 2018 Estonia – President Kersti Kaljulaid (2016–incumbent)[50]
22 June 2018 Lithuania – President Dalia Grybauskaitė (2009–2019)[51]
26 June 2018 Latvia – President Raimonds Vējonis (2015–2019)[52]
12 July 2018 Azerbaijan – President Ilham Aliyev (2003–incumbent)[53]
25 July 2018 Armenia – President Armen Sarkissian (2018–incumbent)[54]
27 June 2019 Austria – President Alexander Van der Bellen (2017–incumbent)[55]
17 September 2019 Germany – President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (2017–incumbent)[56]
6 October 2020 Greece – President Katerina Sakellaropoulou (2020–incumbent)[57]

See also

  • List of Italian orders of knighthood
  • Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
  • Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus

Notes

  1. Today, these continue merely as dynastic orders of the former Royal House of Savoy. Whilst their bestowal is suppressed by law in Italy, the continued use of those decorations conferred prior to 1951 is permitted, exclusive of any right of precedence in official ceremonies.[3]

References

  1. Sainty, Guy Stair World Orders of Knighthood and Merit (pp. 1233-4) Buckingham: Burke's Peerage and Gentry, 2006
  2. The linguist: Journal of the Institute of Linguists, Volumes 42-44 Institute of Linguists (Great Britain). Institute of Linguists, 2003, pg. 121
  3. LEGGE 3 marzo 1951, n. 178 Istituzione dell'Ordine "Al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" e disciplina del conferimento e dell'uso delle onorificenze (Gazzetta Ufficiale 30 marzo 1951, n. 73)
  4. By Decree of the President of the Republic No. 173 of 30 March 2001
  5. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  6. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  7. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  8. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  9. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  10. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  11. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  12. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  13. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  14. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  15. Italian Presidency website, KUFUOR John Agyekum Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  16. Italian Presidency website, GASPAROVIC Ivan Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  17. Italian Presidency website, FISCHER Heinz Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  18. Italian Presidency website, BACHELET JERIA Verónica Michelle decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  19. Italian Presidency website, BIN ABDUL AZIZ AL SAUD Abdallah decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  20. Italian Presidency website, HALONEN Tarja Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  21. Italian Presidency website, SLEIMAN Michel Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  22. Italian Presidency website, FESTING Matthew Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  23. Italian Presidency website, LEE Myung-bak Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  24. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Abdullah Gul – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  25. Italian Presidency website, Al-Assad S.E. Bashar Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  26. ATTO CAMERA INTERROGAZIONE A RISPOSTA SCRITTA 4/17085 Banchedati.camera.it (in Italian)
  27. Italian Presidency website, S.E. George Abela – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  28. Italian Presidency website, AL-AHMAD AL-JABER AL-SABAH Sabah Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  29. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Danilo Türk – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  30. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Ivo Josipovic – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  31. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Traian Basescu – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  32. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bronislaw Komorowski – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  33. Italian Presidency website, S.E. François Hollande – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  34. Italian Presidency website, Gauck S.E. Joachim – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  35. Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bujar Nishani – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  36. Italian Presidency website, Pahor S.E. Borut - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  37. Italian Presidency website, Beccari S.E. Luca - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  38. Italian Presidency website, Ciavatta S.E. Valeria - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  39. "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  40. Italian Presidency website, Biya S.E. Paul - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  41. Italian Presidency website, Iohannis S.E. Klaus Werner - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  42. Italian Presidency website, Peña Nieto S.E. Enrique - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  43. Italian Presidency website, Plevneliev S.E. Rosen - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  44. Italian Presidency website, Essebsi S.E. Sig. Béji Caïd - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  45. Italian Presidency website, Macri S.E. Mauricio - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  46. Italian Presidency website, S.M. Willem Alexander Claus George van Oranje-Nassau – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  47. Italian Presidency website,Coleiro Preca S.E. Marie-Louise - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  48. Italian Presidency website,Niinistö S.E. Sauli - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  49. Italian Presidency website,S.E. Marcelo Nuno Duarte – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  50. Italian Presidency website,Kalijulaid S.E. la Signora Kersti Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  51. Italian Presidency website,Grybauskaitè Sig.ra Dalia Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  52. Italian Presidency website,Vejonis S.E. Sig. Raimonds Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  53. Italian Presidency website,Aliyev S.E. Ilham Heydar Oglu Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  54. Italian Presidency website,Sarkissian S.E. Sig. Armen Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  55. Italian Presidency website,[https://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/insigniti/358308 Van der Bellen S.E. Sig. Alexander Decorato di Gran Cordone] – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  56. Italian Presidency website,[https://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/insigniti/360243 Steinmeier S.E. Frank-Walter Decorato di Gran Cordone] – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  57. Italian Presidency website,[https://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/insigniti/363557 Sakellaropoulou S.E. Katerina Decorato di Gran Cordone] – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana

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