Nwankwo Kanu

Nwankwo Kanu OON (born 1 August 1976) is a Nigerian former professional footballer who played as a forward. He was a member of the Nigeria national team, and played for Nigerian team Iwuanyanwu Nationale, Dutch side Ajax, Inter Milan of Italy, and English clubs Arsenal, West Bromwich Albion and Portsmouth.[5]

Nwankwo Kanu
Kanu in a friendly in 2017
Personal information
Full name Nwankwo Kanu[1]
Date of birth (1976-08-01) 1 August 1976[2]
Place of birth Owerri, Nigeria
Height 1.97 m (6 ft 6 in)[3]
Position(s) Forward[2]
Youth career
0000–1992 Federation Works
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1992–1993 Iwuanyanwu Nationale 25 (15)
1993–1996 Ajax 54 (25)
1996–1999 Inter Milan 12 (1)
1999–2004 Arsenal 119 (30)
2004–2006 West Bromwich Albion 53 (7)
2006–2012 Portsmouth 143 (20)
Total 406 (98)
National team
1993 Nigeria U17 6 (5)
1996 Nigeria U23 6 (3)
1994–2011 Nigeria[4] 86 (12)
Men's Football
Representing  Nigeria
Olympic Games
1996 Atlanta Team Competition
Africa Cup of Nations
Runner-up2000 Ghana-Nigeria
FIFA U-17 World Cup
Winner1993 Japan
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Kanu won a UEFA Champions League medal, a UEFA Cup medal, three FA Cup medals and two African Player of the Year awards amongst others. He is one of few players to have won the Premier League, FA Cup, Champions League, UEFA Cup and an Olympic Gold Medal.[6] He made the third-most substitute appearances in Premier League history, appearing from the bench 118 times,[7] and is regarded as one of the best players in African football history.[8]

He is also a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador,[9] and African brand ambassador for digital TV operator StarTimes.[10] He is also the owner of Kanu Sports TV, an Internet sports television company.[11][12]

Club career

Early career

Born in Owerri, Imo state,[2] Nigeria, Kanu began his career at Nigerian league club Federation Works, before moving to Iwuanyanwu Nationale. After a notable performance at the U-17 World Championships, he was signed by Dutch Eredivisie AFC Ajax in 1993 for an undisclosed fee.[13] He made his Ajax debut that year and went on to score 25 goals in 54 appearances. Kanu also came on as a sub in Ajax's 1995 UEFA Champions League final win over A.C. Milan. And the next year he started in the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final against Juventus.[14]


In 1996, Ajax sold Kanu to Serie A side Inter Milan for around $4.7 million. That summer he captained the Nigeria national team that won gold at the Olympics, and scored two late goals in the semi-finals against powerhouses Brazil to overturn a 2–3 scoreline into a 4–3 win in extra time.[15] Kanu was also named African Footballer of the Year for that year.[16][17]

However, soon after returning from the Olympics, Kanu underwent a medical examination at Inter, which revealed a serious heart defect, and it was believed by doctors that his career was over.[18] He underwent successful surgery in November to replace an aortic valve,[19] and did not return to his club until April 1997. In interviews, Kanu frequently cites his faith as a Christian,[20] and has often mentioned this trying time of his career as an occasion when he prayed to God. Kanu's experience also led to his founding the Kanu Heart Foundation, an organisation that helps predominantly young African children who suffer heart defects and whose work was expanded to provide aid for homeless children in 2008.[21]


In February 1999, after just twelve league games and one goal for Inter, Kanu was signed by Arsenal for approximately £4.15 million. He made his debut for Arsenal, against Sheffield United in the FA Cup. With the score 1–1 and ten minutes to go, the Sheffield United goalkeeper Alan Kelly kicked the ball out of touch so that treatment could be given to Lee Morris. When the ball was thrown back into play by Ray Parlour, although it was intended for Kelly, Kanu chased the throw-in down the right wing unchallenged and centered the ball for Marc Overmars, who scored to make the match 2–1. After the match, Arsenal manager Arsène Wenger accepted that it was not correct sportsmanship and offered to re-play the match[22] which was again won by Arsenal.[23]

Despite the events overshadowing his debut, Kanu's career was quickly revived at Arsenal. He scored his first goal for the club in the next round of the cup against Derby County, coming off the bench to net the only goal of the game.[24] He quickly became known for his goal scoring prowess from the bench, scoring important goals against Sheffield Wednesday, Tottenham Hotspur and Aston Villa as a substitute.[25][26][27] He became very popular among the fans for his two-fingered salute which started in 1999 against Middlesbrough – something that he later explained was based on the team's nickname, The Gunners.[28]

Kanu was named African Footballer of the Year for the second time in 1999. In the 1999–2000 season he scored 17 times in 50 matches for the Gunners, including a hat-trick in fifteen minutes against Chelsea to turn a 2–0 deficit into a 3–2 victory. In August 2001, Arsenal rejected a bid from Fulham of around £7m for Kanu.[29] However, Kanu's appearances for Arsenal gradually became less frequent, particularly after the emergence of Thierry Henry as Arsenal's first choice striker with Kanu being mainly used as a substitute. Kanu then won the 2003 FA Cup with Arsenal.[30] Along with other famous players, such as Henry and Robert Pires, Kanu is a member of the "Invincibles", the Arsenal side that finished the 2003–04 season of the Premier League undefeated. He played 197 games for Arsenal, scoring 44 goals. In the summer of 2004, after his contract with Arsenal ended, he moved to West Bromwich Albion on a free transfer. In 2008, Kanu was voted 13th in the "Gunners' Greatest 50 Players" poll.[31]

In the summer of 2006, Kanu played as a guest for Arsenal in Dennis Bergkamp's testimonial game, the first match to be played in Arsenal's new Emirates Stadium. The game was tied 1–1 when Kanu scored the winning goal, making him the third person to score in the stadium. At the end of the match, Kanu joined the rest of the Arsenal side in hoisting the retired Dutchman on their shoulders as fans gave him a standing ovation.[32][33] He remains a popular figure at Arsenal, being applauded when he appears at the Emirates Stadium.[34] During his time with the club, he wore the number 25 shirt.[35]

West Bromwich Albion

West Bromwich Albion had just been promoted to the Premier League for the second time in the space of two years. Kanu started as a regular for the club, making his debut in a 1–1 draw away at Blackburn Rovers on 14 August 2004. He scored his first goal for Albion on 18 September 2004, an 88th-minute equalizer in a 1–1 home draw against Fulham.[14] In a match against Middlesbrough on 14 November 2004, Kanu was guilty of an incredible miss in injury time, with Albion 2–1 down. Kanu had sent a low cross over the bar from a yard away from the goal line. Manager Bryan Robson was seen in TV footage mouthing the words "How did he miss that?", and Kanu's howler was crowned "Miss of the Season" by many media outlets in their end-of-season reviews.[36] Nevertheless, the 2004–05 season was ultimately a memorable one for West Bromwich Albion, as they became the first club to avoid relegation from the Premier League after being bottom of the table at Christmas.[37]

One of the most memorable games of the 2005–06 season for Kanu came with the visit of his former club Arsenal to The Hawthorns on 15 October 2005. Philippe Senderos put the visitors ahead in the 17th minute, but Kanu equalised shortly before half time. West Brom went on to win the match 2–1 with a spectacular strike from Darren Carter. It was their first home win over Arsenal since 1973,[38] and the first time that they had come from behind to win a Premier League game.[39] But such highlights were rare for Albion that season, and the club was relegated at the end of 2005–06. Kanu's contract had expired, and he chose not to renew it. In his two years at The Hawthorns he made a total of 58 appearances – 16 of them as a substitute – and scored nine goals.[14]


Portsmouth kickoff vs AC Milan.

Kanu was a free agent following his departure from West Brom, and he signed for Portsmouth on a one-year deal shortly before the start of the 2006–07 season.[40] Pompey had undergone a revival in the second half of the previous campaign, following the return of Harry Redknapp as manager, avoiding relegation by four points after being in serious danger at the turn of the year. At the start of the 2006–07 season, they were undefeated in their first five games, during which they did not concede a single goal. Kanu made his debut for Portsmouth as a substitute against Blackburn Rovers on 19 August 2006, the opening day of the 2006–07 Premier League season. He scored twice and missed a penalty.[41] Kanu went on to finish the season as the top goalscorer for Portsmouth, with 12 goals altogether. He then signed a new one year deal with the club.[42]

Kanu playing for Portsmouth in 2007

In his second season at Portsmouth, Kanu scored in both the FA Cup 1–0 semi-final win against West Bromwich Albion and the 1–0 win in the final against Cardiff City, earning him a third FA Cup winner's medal.[43][44]

His first goal of the 2008–09 season put Portsmouth 2–0 up in their eventual 2–2 UEFA Cup draw with Italian club A.C. Milan. He later scored the winning goal against Bolton Wanderers, which ensured Pompey's mathematical safety. It was his only Premier League goal of 2008–09. He re-signed with Pompey in August 2010, with an eye on becoming a coach when he retired.[45] Kanu signed a three-year deal and kept the number 27 shirt,[46] but was not a regular starter throughout the course of the season and only managed two goals.[47]

During the 2011–12 season, his playing time was reduced, appearing only from the bench. After the departure of Steve Cotterill, and the arrival of Michael Appleton, he was also removed from the bench, due to fitness and injury problems. By May 2012, aided by a point deduction for entering administration Portsmouth had found themselves in a relegation battle which eventually ended in them relegated to Football League One.[48] To cut costs the Administrator hoped to reach agreement to terminate the contracts of Kanu along with six other players due to them being the highest-earning players at the club. On 9 July 2012, it was announced that Kanu and Aaron Mokoena were expected to leave the club after failing to attend the first day back at pre-season training.[49] Kanu threatened to sue Portsmouth for unpaid back wages.[50] On 30 July, Kanu agreed to leave Portsmouth, but he reiterated that he was still in a dispute over the unpaid wages that the club owed him.[51] In April 2013 he confirmed that he had dropped the case and let the club off the £3 million he claimed he was owed.[50]

International career

Kanu was a member of the Nigeria national team from 1994 to 2010, making his debut in friendly against Sweden. Earlier on at the start of his career, Kanu was instrumental in Nigeria's overall success at the 1993 FIFA U-17 tournament in Japan and their subsequent 2–1 victory over Ghana in the final. With five goals, he was second joint-scorer in the tournament with Peter Anosike and Manuel Neira, behind compatriot and Captain Wilson Oruma.[52]

As well as winning the Olympic gold in the football event at 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, where he scored the winning goal in the 4–3 semi-final win over Brazil, his second goal of the match.[53] Kanu participated in the 1998 and 2002 FIFA World Cups. On 24 June 2010, Kanu ended his international career following Nigeria's exit from the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. Nigeria lost their group matches against Argentina and Greece, before a 2–2 draw with South Korea ended their stay in the tournament.[54] He won 86 caps and scored 13 goals for his country and was the joint most capped Nigerian player of all-time alongside Muda Lawal, until Joseph Yobo surpassed both players in 2012, winning his 87th cap.[55] Despite serving as a striker, he wore the number 4 shirt for Nigeria.[35][56]

Style of play

Despite his physical strength, slender frame, and large stature of 1.97 m (6 ft 6 in), Kanu was a talented player, who was quick and elegant in possession, and who possessed an excellent touch on the ball and nimble footwork; he was also highly regarded in the media for his technical skills, dribbling ability, and close control, as well as his flair and use of feints, which made him an unpredictable player on the pitch. He was also an intelligent player, who possessed good vision and movement, as well as being a good passer, who had the ability to read the game and an eye for the final ball, which – along with his timing and finishing ability – allowed him both to score and create goals; however, he also lacked significant pace, and drew criticism at times in the media over his work-rate, "languid" playing style, and occasional tendency to miss easy goalscoring opportunities.[57][58][59][60][61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70] Although he was often deployed as a centre-forward or striker,[71][72] his creativity also allowed him to operate in a more withdrawn attacking role behind or supporting the main striker, or even in an advanced playmaking role.[68][73] Although his height made him a strong presence in the air, he was more adept at scoring with his feet than with his head, despite his size, although he improved upon his aerial game in his later career.[60][74][75][76][77][78] He was also known for his determination and ability to hold-up the ball with his back to goal.[79][80] Moreover, his ability to score decisive goals when coming off the bench earned him a reputation as a "super sub" in the media during his time with Arsenal.[81] However, despite being a gifted player, he was also known for being inconsistent,[82] and his congenital heart defect is thought to have had a negative impact on his career and fitness, although he was able to improve his stamina following corrective surgery through his training.[64][83][84] He is considered by pundits to be one of the greatest African players of all time,[8] and by some, as the greatest Nigerian player ever.[84]

Personal life

Kanu is a native of Abia State, southeast Nigeria,[85][86] and a member of the Aro sub-group of the Igbo ethnic group.[87] Nwankwo means "Child born on Nkwo market day" in the Igbo language.[88]

Kanu's younger brother, Christopher, was also a footballer, who played as a defender;[89] he also has another younger brother, Ogbonna.[90] Kanu is a Christian.[64]

Kanu was born with a congenital heart defect, which impeded his aortic valve from closing properly; it was discovered and operated on in 1996. Although it was feared that he would not play again, and that it would affect his career, he made a full recovery.[64][83] He undergoes an annual medical check-up for the condition. In March 2014, he successfully underwent corrective heart surgery once again, in the United States.[90]


Kanu's own experience with a congenital heart defect moved him to set up the "Kanu Heart Foundation" in 2000, a foundation which aims to tackle homelessness, and which also built five hospitals in Africa to treat children with undiagnosed heart disease and provide them surgery.[21][90][91][92]

Career statistics


Appearances and goals by club, season and competition[93][94]
Club Season League National Cup League Cup Continental Total
Iwuanyanwu Nationale 1992–93 Nigerian Premier League 25152515
Ajax 1993–94 Eredivisie 6200
1994–95 181011712612
1995–96 301300903913
Total 5425111617127
Inter Milan 1996–97 Serie A 000000
1997–98 11150161
1998–99 1010
Total 12150171
Arsenal 1998–99 Premier League 126510000177
1999–2000 311220111534916
2000–01 2731000142425
2001–02 233522190396
2002–03 165101081266
2003–04 101304270243
Total 119301738453619743
West Bromwich Albion 2004–05 Premier League 2822100303
2005–06 2551021286
Total 537312100589
Portsmouth 2006–07 Premier League 361022003812
2007–08 2545211317
2008–09 171201051252
2009–10 2321042284
2010–11 Championship 3221010342
2011–12 1010010111
Total 14320114835116728
Career total 40698329188798535123
  • Not including 1999 Charity Shield appearance and goal


Appearances and goals by national team and year[95]
National teamYearAppsGoals
Nigeria 199430

International goals

Scores and results list Nigeria's goal tally first, score column indicates score after each Kanu goal.
List of international goals scored by Nwankwo Kanu
No. Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
121 October 1995Pakhtakor Markaziy Stadium, Tashkent Uzbekistan3–13–21995 Afro-Asian Cup of Nations
25 June 1998Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam Netherlands1–31–5Friendly
322 April 2000Lagos National Stadium, Lagos Eritrea4–04–02002 World Cup qualifier
427 January 2001Liberation Stadium, Port Harcourt Sudan3–03–02002 World Cup qualifier
55 May 2001Liberation Stadium, Port Harcourt Liberia1–02–02002 World Cup qualifier
625 May 2003Independence Park, Kingston Jamaica2–22–3Friendly
7 7 June 2003Abuja Stadium, Abuja Malawi3–14–12004 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier
926 March 2005Liberation Stadium, Port Harcourt Gabon2–02–02006 World Cup qualifier
108 October 2005Abuja Stadium, Abuja Zimbabwe4–15–12006 World Cup qualifier
1124 March 2007MKO Abiola Stadium, Abeokuta Uganda10102008 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier
1217 June 2007Stade Général Seyni Kountché, Niamey Niger103–12008 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier



Iwuanyanwu Nationale

  • Nigerian Premier League: 1992–93[96]


Inter Milan




Nigeria U17

  • FIFA U-17 World Cup: 1993[96]

Nigeria U23


  • Afro-Asian Cup of Nations: 1995
  • African Cup of Nations runner-up: 2000[103]


  • African Footballer of the Year: 1996, 1999[104]
  • BBC African Footballer of the Year: 1997, 1999[105]
  • FA Cup Final Man of the Match: 2008[106]
  • IFFHS Legends[107]


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Further reading

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