New Azerbaijan Party

The New Azerbaijan Party (Azerbaijani: Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP) is the ruling political party in Azerbaijan, founded on November 21, 1992 under leadership of Heydar Aliyev. After his election as President of Azerbaijan on October 3, 1993, and party's victory at 1995 parliamentary elections, YAP became the ruling party, a position it has held since. President Ilham Aliyev has been Chairman of YAP since its 3rd Congress held on March 26, 2005.

New Azerbaijan Party

Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası
AbbreviationYAP
LeaderIlham Aliyev
(since 31 October 2003)
FounderHeydar Aliyev
Founded21 November 1992 (1992-11-21)
HeadquartersBaku, Azerbaijan
Membership760,580[1]
IdeologyAzerbaijani nationalism[2]
Secularism[3]
Conservatism[4]
Statism[3]
Euroscepticism[5]
Political positionCentre-right[6]
ColoursBlue, yellow, white
Seats in the National Assembly
70 / 125
Website
yap.org.az
  • Politics of Azerbaijan
  • Political parties
  • Elections

YAP is a member of the International Conference of Asian Political Parties (ICAPP)[7] and an Observer member of the Centrist Democrat International.[8]

Ideology

The party's stated ideologies are lawfulness, secularism, and Azerbaijani nationalism. It wants to build a "social-oriented" economy, and lists civil solidarity and social justice as the basis of its ideology.[3] The founder of the party, Heydar Aliyev, was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union until July 1991.[9]

The New Azerbaijan Party's program highlights the main tasks aimed at strengthening the state independency, building the democratic, legal and secular state and ensuring the peaceful and prosperous life of the citizens. The principles of an independent state, lawfulness, creative progress, Azerbaijanism, civil solidarity and social justice have been declared as the basis of the Party's ideology.[10]

Rights

The members of party are ensured with following rights:

  • to elect and to be elected to authorities of the party;
  • to take part freely in the determination of the party's policy and in the discussion of issues related to its activities;
  • to participate in the events organized by the party
  • to make suggestions for realizing the goals and tasks of the party;
  • to use the party's support;
  • to discuss and criticize freely all issues related to the party's policy as well as all activities of its bodies;
  • to stop being membership in the party or to leave the party.[11]

Party's Organizational Structure

  • YAP implements its activity all over the territory of Azerbaijan.
  • The initial party organization is based on the territorial principle.
  • The decision to establish the initial party organization is adopted by foundation meeting with participation at least three members of the YAP and approved by the Executive Board of the district-city organizations. A party member can be registered only in the one party organization.
  • The guiding body of the initial party organization is a general assembly. The general assembly is held at least once every three months. The assembly is available by participation of more than half of the members registered in the initial party organization. Decisions are approved by simple majority of votes.[11]

Congresses

  • The 1st Congress of the party was held on 20–21 December 1999, with the participation of more than 2,000 members of the party from different regions of the country, as well as more than 30 foreign representatives.[12]
  • The 2nd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held in Baku on 21 November 2001. Some amendments were made to the Charter. Ilham Aliyev was elected as a Deputy Chairman of the party. Heydar Aliyev delivered a speech at the congress. 1952 representatives participated at the II Congress.[13]
  • The 3rd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on March 26, 2005 in Baku with participations of more than 1800 members.[14]
  • The 4th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on August 2, 2008, in the Heydar Aliyev sports and concert complex with the participation of more than 600 members in Baku. The Congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 15, 2008.[15]
  • The 5th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held at the Buta Palace in Baku on June 7, 2013. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 9, 2013.[16][17]
  • The 6th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on February 8, 2018 at the Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on April 11. Representatives of more than 700,000 members of the New Azerbaijan Party attended at the Congress.[18]

Electoral history

At the elections (5 November 2000 and 7 January 2001), the party won 62.3% of the popular vote and 75 out of 125 seats. Its candidate Ilham Aliyev was reported by the government to have won 76,84% of the popular vote in the 2003 presidential elections. Ilham Aliyev also won presidential elections of 2008, 2013 and 2018. At the 2005 parliamentary elections, it won 62 out of 125 seats. At the 2010 parliamentary elections, it won 72 out of 125 seats. In the 1 November 2015 parliamentary election, the New Azerbaijan Party won 70 out of 125 seats, thus losing 2 seats in the National Assembly since the last election.

Presidential elections

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1993 Heydar Aliyev 3,919,923 98.8% Elected Y
1998 2,556,059 77.6% Elected Y
2003 Ilham Aliyev 1,860,346 75.38% Elected Y
2008 3,232,259 87.34% Elected Y
2013 3,126,113 84.54% Elected Y
2018 3,394,898 86.02% Elected Y

National Assembly elections

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Position Government
1995–1996 2,228,435 62.7
53 / 125
53 1st In Government
2000–2001 1,809,801 62.3
78 / 125
25 1st Majority gov't
2005
63 / 125
15 1st Majority gov't
2010 1,104,528 45.8
71 / 125
8 1st Majority gov't
2015
72 / 125
1 1st Majority gov't
2020
70 / 125
2 1st Majority gov't

References

Further reading

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