New Azerbaijan Party
The New Azerbaijan Party (Azerbaijani: Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP) is the ruling political party in Azerbaijan, founded on November 21, 1992 under leadership of Heydar Aliyev. After his election as President of Azerbaijan on October 3, 1993, and party's victory at 1995 parliamentary elections, YAP became the ruling party, a position it has held since. President Ilham Aliyev has been Chairman of YAP since its 3rd Congress held on March 26, 2005.
(since 31 October 2003)
|Founded||21 November 1992|
|Colours||Blue, yellow, white|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
70 / 125
The party's stated ideologies are lawfulness, secularism, and Azerbaijani nationalism. It wants to build a "social-oriented" economy, and lists civil solidarity and social justice as the basis of its ideology. The founder of the party, Heydar Aliyev, was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union until July 1991.
The New Azerbaijan Party's program highlights the main tasks aimed at strengthening the state independency, building the democratic, legal and secular state and ensuring the peaceful and prosperous life of the citizens. The principles of an independent state, lawfulness, creative progress, Azerbaijanism, civil solidarity and social justice have been declared as the basis of the Party's ideology.
The members of party are ensured with following rights:
- to elect and to be elected to authorities of the party;
- to take part freely in the determination of the party's policy and in the discussion of issues related to its activities;
- to participate in the events organized by the party
- to make suggestions for realizing the goals and tasks of the party;
- to use the party's support;
- to discuss and criticize freely all issues related to the party's policy as well as all activities of its bodies;
- to stop being membership in the party or to leave the party.
Party's Organizational Structure
- YAP implements its activity all over the territory of Azerbaijan.
- The initial party organization is based on the territorial principle.
- The decision to establish the initial party organization is adopted by foundation meeting with participation at least three members of the YAP and approved by the Executive Board of the district-city organizations. A party member can be registered only in the one party organization.
- The guiding body of the initial party organization is a general assembly. The general assembly is held at least once every three months. The assembly is available by participation of more than half of the members registered in the initial party organization. Decisions are approved by simple majority of votes.
- The 1st Congress of the party was held on 20–21 December 1999, with the participation of more than 2,000 members of the party from different regions of the country, as well as more than 30 foreign representatives.
- The 2nd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held in Baku on 21 November 2001. Some amendments were made to the Charter. Ilham Aliyev was elected as a Deputy Chairman of the party. Heydar Aliyev delivered a speech at the congress. 1952 representatives participated at the II Congress.
- The 3rd Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on March 26, 2005 in Baku with participations of more than 1800 members.
- The 4th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on August 2, 2008, in the Heydar Aliyev sports and concert complex with the participation of more than 600 members in Baku. The Congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 15, 2008.
- The 5th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held at the Buta Palace in Baku on June 7, 2013. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on October 9, 2013.
- The 6th Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party was held on February 8, 2018 at the Heydar Aliyev Center in Baku. The congress decided to nominate Ilham Aliyev as a candidate for the presidential elections to be held on April 11. Representatives of more than 700,000 members of the New Azerbaijan Party attended at the Congress.
At the elections (5 November 2000 and 7 January 2001), the party won 62.3% of the popular vote and 75 out of 125 seats. Its candidate Ilham Aliyev was reported by the government to have won 76,84% of the popular vote in the 2003 presidential elections. Ilham Aliyev also won presidential elections of 2008, 2013 and 2018. At the 2005 parliamentary elections, it won 62 out of 125 seats. At the 2010 parliamentary elections, it won 72 out of 125 seats. In the 1 November 2015 parliamentary election, the New Azerbaijan Party won 70 out of 125 seats, thus losing 2 seats in the National Assembly since the last election.
National Assembly elections
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70 / 125
- Guliyev, Farid; Pearce, Katy E. The Challenges of Electoral Competition in an Oil Rich State: Azerbaijani Pre-Election Report Washington Post. 6 October 2013. Accessed 2 July 2014
- "History". New Azerbaijan Party.
- Hunter, Shireen (2017). The New Geopolitics of the South Caucasus. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 41–43.
- Samadov, Bahruz (6 December 2019). "Ilham Aliyev's anti-Europe speech foreshadows big changes in Azerbaijan". oc-media.org.
- "Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev". New Azerbaijan Party. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06.
- "THE CHARTER OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY". /. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- "THE FIRST CONGRESS OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY".
- "THE SECOND CONGRESS OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY".
- "THE THIRD CONGRESS OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY".
- "THE FOURTH CONGRESS OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY".
- "THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF THE NEW AZERBAIJAN PARTY".
- "Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic - NEWS » Speeches". en.president.az. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- "6th Congress of New Azerbaijan Party held in Baku VIDEO". Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- Ishiyama, John (2008): Political Party Development and Party 'Gravity' in Semi-Authoritarian States. The Cases of Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. In: Taiwan Journal of Democracy 4/1: 33–53.
- Küpeli, Ismail (2010): Stabilisierung autoritärer Herrschaft: Das Fallbeispiel Aserbaidschan. Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg 2010.
- Official website (in Azerbaijani and English)