Naveen Patnaik

Naveen Patnaik (born 16 October 1946) is an Indian politician serving as the current and 14th Chief Minister of Odisha. He is also the president of the Biju Janata Dal, a writer and has authored three books.[1] He is the longest-serving chief minister of Odisha and as of 2021, one of the longest-serving chief ministers of any Indian state, holding the post for over two decades, and only the third Indian chief Minister after Pawan Chamling and Jyoti Basu to win five consecutive terms as Chief Minister of an Indian state.[2][3]

Naveen Patnaik
14th Chief Minister of Odisha
Assumed office
5 March 2000
GovernorM. M. Rajendran
Rameshwar Thakur
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
S. C. Jamir
Satya Pal Malik
Ganeshi Lal
Preceded byHemananda Biswal
Minister of Steel and Mines
In office
19 March 1998  4 March 2000
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byBirendra Prasad Baishya
Succeeded bySunder Lal Patwa
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
12 April 1997  4 March 2000
Preceded byBiju Patnaik
Succeeded byKumudini Patnaik
Member of Odisha Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
5 March 2000
Preceded byUdayanath Nayak
President of Biju Janata Dal
Assumed office
26 December 1997
Preceded byposition established
Personal details
Born (1946-10-16) 16 October 1946
Cuttack, Orissa, British India
(present-day Odisha, India)
Political partyBiju Janata Dal
Other political
Janata Dal (until 1998)
ParentsBiju Patnaik
Gyan Patnaik
ResidenceNaveen Nivas,
Aerodrome Road, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Alma materKirori Mal College (BA)
ProfessionPolitician, writer
WebsiteNaveen Patnaik
BJD Official
Chief Minister of Odisha


Patnaik was born on 16 October 1946 in Cuttack to Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha, and his Punjabi wife, in a karan kayastha family,Gyan.[4] He was educated at the Welham Boys' School in Dehradun, and later The Doon School.[5][6][7][8][9][10] After that he attended[11] Delhi University, and he qualified for Bachelor of Arts degree.[12] Patnaik is a writer and had for the most part of his youth been away from both politics and Odisha, but after his father Biju Patnaik's demise, he entered politics in 1997 and a year later founded the Biju Janata Dal, named after Biju Patnaik, which won the state election with the BJP as its alliance and formed the government in which Patnaik became Chief Minister. His mild mannerism, "Stand against corruption" and "Pro-poor policies" have resulted in the development of a huge support base in Odisha, which has voted him to power in the last five consecutive terms. Like his father, he has managed to control the bureaucracy and transformed it into a machine for the development of the state.[13] His spartan personal lifestyle and detachment from material possessions has been liked by the people of the state.[14] He is also one of the founding members of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage.[15]

Political career

CM Naveen Patnaik meeting the 14th Dalai Lama.
Naveen at the Opening Ceremony Hockey World Cup 2018

After the death of his father Biju Patnaik, leader of the Janata Dal,[12] he was elected as a member to the 11th Lok Sabha in the by-election from Aska Parliamentary Constituency in Odisha, India.[12] He was a member of the Consultative Committee of Ministry of Steel & Mines, Member of Standing Committee on Commerce, and Member Library Committee of Parliament. A year later the Janta Dal split and Patnaik founded the Biju Janta Dal which in alliance with the BJP led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) performed well and Patnaik was selected the Union Minister for Mines in the cabinet of A. B. Vajpayee.

Electoral history

Year Office Constituency Party Votes for Naveen % Opponent Party Votes % Ref
2000 Member of the Legislative Assembly Hinjili Biju Janata Dal 56,243 65.35 Udayanath Nayak Indian National Congress 29,826 34.65 [16]
2004 62,968 72.71 Udayanath Nayak 20,326 23.47 [17]
2009 72,942 76.04 Raghabo Parida 11,669 12.17 [18]
2014 89,267 73.14 Sibaram Patra 12,681 10.39 [19]
2019 94,065 66.32 Pitambar Acharya Bharatiya Janata Party 33,905 23.91 [20]
2019 Bijepur 1,10,604 59.78 Sanat Kumar Gartia 53,482 28.91 [20]

Elections 2000

In the 2000 Assembly election, BJD won the majority of seats in alliance with the BJP in the Odisha Assembly elections, Patnaik resigned from the Union cabinet and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha.

Elections 2004

BJP led NDA lost the general elections in 2004, however, the coalition led by Naveen Patnaik emerged victorious in the state legislative elections and he continued as the Chief Minister. During this tenure, the friction between the ruling partners was getting more and more apparent, especially after the killing of Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati[21] in the Kandhamal district of Odisha in 2007–2008 and also the active participation of Bajrang Dal in the riots that hit Kandhamal region.

Elections 2009

In the run-up to the polls for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2009, BJD walked out of the NDA after severing ties with the BJP and joined the nascent Third Front constituted mainly by the Left Front and few regional parties.[22] He did it after severely criticizing BJP's involvement in Kandhamal anti-Christian riots during 2007. The BJD won a resounding victory in both the Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) as well as the Lok Sabha elections in 2009, winning 14 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats and 103 of the 147 assembly seats and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on 21 May 2009 for the third consecutive term.[23]

Elections 2014

Patnaik won a huge victory in both the 2014 Indian general elections and the Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2014. Patnaik's Biju Janata Dal secured 20 out of the 21 Lok Sabha seats of Odisha and 117 of the 147 Odisha Vidhan Sabha seats.[24]

Elections 2019

With a strong BJP wave across the country, the Biju Janata Dal, under the leadership of Naveen Patnaik won as many as 112 seats out of 146 (polls for 1 was deferred) in the Legislative Assembly of Odisha and 12 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats in 2019 Indian general elections


Patnaik spent most of his early days away from Odisha, so he has problems with writing and speaking fluently in Odia language. He is the only chief minister of India who does not speak fluently the regional language of his state and because of this, he has been facing severe criticism from his opponents. Presently, Patnaik has an adequate working knowledge of Odia and he possesses great mastery over Hindi, French, Punjabi, and English. At rallies, he delivers Odia speeches written in Roman alphabet.[25]


Naveen Patnaik receiving Outlook Speakout award for best administrator from former President of India Pranab Mukherjee in the presence of Arun Jaitley
Award Year Organisation Event/Location
Hero to Animals Award 2020 People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Odisha, India
CSI E-Ratna Award 2020 Computer Society of India 53rd CSI Annual Convention
FIH President's Award 2018 International Hockey Federation 46th FIH Congress
Ideal Chief Minister 2018 Pratibha Patil 8th Indian Students' Parliament
Best Administrator in India 2017 Pranab Mukherjee Outlook India Speak Out Awards 2017
United Nations Award 2013  United Nations Odisha State Secretariat


  • The United Nations in 2013, felicitated Naveen by presenting a citation for his government’s handling of Cyclone Phailin which hit Odisha in October 2013. The body also announced that the state’s efforts would be highlighted as a model for disaster management programs globally. Naveen was also invited by the international body to attend the 2015 Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR), which was held in Sendai, Japan from 14 to 18 March 2015.[26]
  • The United Nations in 2019, complimented Naveen for his government's proposal of reserving 33% of seats for women in the National Parliament as well as in the state's Legislative Assembly.[27]


  • A Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590–1947 – Published in India, England and US[28]
  • A Desert Kingdom: The People of Bikaner – Published in India, England and US[29]
  • The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India – Published in India, England and US[30]

See also


  1. "From greenhorn to history-scripting politician". The Hindu. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2020 via
  2. "Naveen Patnaik wins record fifth term in Odisha as BJP makes impressive gains". Debabrata Mohanty. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. "Naveen Patnaik Set to Make History as Odisha Hands Him Power for a Record Fifth Straight Term". News18. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. – India News. (11 March 2009). (Originally belongs to Ganjam District of Odisha) Retrieved on 25 December 2010.
  5. Reshmi R Dasgupta, TNN 10 May 2004, 03.13 am IST (10 May 2004). "Naveen Patnaik sets stage for GeNext Doscos". The Economic Times. Retrieved 21 November 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. "Ex-Doon mates mount pressure on Naveen Niwas, Kamal rings up Pappu". Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  7. "Doon dosti gets Naveen Rs 20,000 cr – India – DNA". Daily News and Analysis. 6 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  8. "India's Independent Weekly News Magazine". Tehelka. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  9. Sandeep Mishra, TNN 11 February 2012, 04.41 am IST (11 February 2012). "Excise minister resigns over hooch tragedy". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. "Naveen Patnaik: The man who would be king, or would he?". The Economic Times. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  11. "Profile-Chief Minister of Odisha". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  12. "Profile-Chief Minister of Orissa". Orissa. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  13. For Naveen, politics is a way to complete father's agenda Archived 20 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (10 May 1997). Retrieved 25 December 2010.
  14. Shankar, Kalyani (4 January 2018). "From a soft-spoken socialite to a ruthless, authoritarian leader: Naveen Patnaik's two decades in Odisha". ThePrint. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  15. "INTACH Founding Members". INTACH. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  16. "Orissa 2000". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  17. "Orissa 2004". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  18. "Orissa 2009". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  19. "Orissa 2014". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  20. "Orissa 2019". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  21. "Local factors led to Kandhamal violence". Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  22. Kandhamal caused BJP-BJD break-up: Naveen Patnaik – Politics News – IBNLive. (3 February 2010). Retrieved 25 December 2010.
  23. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. "Naveen Patnaik fails language test". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  25. "UN citation to Naveen for Phailin evacuation". Business Standard. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  26. "Women reservation: UN compliment for Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik". The Economic Times. 25 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  27. Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1985). Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590–1947. Doubleday Religious Publishing Group. ISBN 9780385199926.
  28. Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1990). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. Vendome Press. ISBN 9780865651227.
  29. Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1993). The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385424691.
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