Municipalities of the Netherlands

As of January 2021, there are 352 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) and three special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten) in the Netherlands. The latter is the status of three of the six island territories that make up the Dutch Caribbean. Municipalities are the second-level administrative division, or public bodies (openbare lichamen), in the Netherlands and are subdivisions of their respective provinces. Their duties are delegated to them by the central government and they are ruled by a municipal council that is elected every four years. Municipal mergers have reduced the total number of municipalities by two-thirds since the first official boundaries were created in the mid 19th century. Municipalities themselves are informally subdivided into districts and neighbourhoods for administrative and statistical purposes.[1]

Municipalities of the Netherlands
Nederlandse gemeenten  (Dutch)
Map of municipalities of the Netherlands after the mergers of 1 January 2021
CategoryMunicipality
LocationNetherlands
Found inProvinces
Number352 (as of 1 January 2021)
Possible types
Government
  • Municipal council

These municipalities come in a wide range of sizes, Westervoort is the smallest with a land area of 7.03 km2 (2.71 sq mi) and Súdwest-Fryslân the largest with a land area of 523.01 km2 (201.94 sq mi). Schiermonnikoog is both the least populated and the least densely populated municipality at 23/km2 (60/sq mi). Amsterdam has the highest population with 872,757 residents, whereas The Hague is the most densely populated with a density of 6,620/km2 (17,100/sq mi).

Municipal status

As a second level administrative division municipalities are the third tier of public administration in the Netherlands after the central government and the provinces.[2][3] The Netherlands is a decentralized unitary state, which means that the central government is supreme and delegates certain tasks to lower levels of government by law.[4] The different levels do, however, make work agreements, which give municipalities a certain degree of independence in their policy decisions. Municipalities are responsible for a wide variety of public services, which include land-use planning, public housing, management and maintenance of local roads, waste management and social security.[5] After the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010 three special municipalities (officially public bodies) were formed. These municipalities function the same as regular municipalities and are grouped together as the Caribbean Netherlands and are not part of a province.[6]

The municipalities are governed by both a board of mayor and aldermen and a municipal council. The municipal council, which is titled island council in the special municipalities, is elected every four years.[7] The number of members in the council ranges from nine members for the smallest municipalities to forty-five members for the largest.[8] It is the highest administrative body in the municipality and controls public policy. The executive power lies with the executive board, which consists of a mayor, titled lieutenant governor in the special municipalities, and multiple aldermen, titled island deputies in the special municipalities. The mayor is appointed for six years at a time by the crown and the alderman are elected by the municipal council, typically after each municipal election.[9] The mayor is responsible for public order and is the first in command during emergencies, all other tasks are distributed freely between mayor and aldermen. The exact portfolio for each person differs between each municipality.[6][10][11]

Historical number of municipalities
YearNo.±%
1850 1,209    
1900 1,121−7.3%
1950 1,015−9.5%
2000 537−47.1%
2021 352−34.5%
Source: Ekamper et al. (2003),[12] CBS[13]

Official municipal boundaries were first drawn up in 1832 in the Netherlands after a cadastre was formed. The Municipalities Act of 1851, written by prime minister Thorbecke, led to the disappearance of small municipalities. Throughout the years, less populous municipalities have been merged. They were either added to the larger neighbouring cities or multiple smaller municipalities merged into a larger new municipality with a new name. The number of municipalities reduced from 1,209 in 1850 to 537 in 2000; as of 2021 there are 352 municipalities. During this time, multiple mergers occurred simultaneously in large parts of individual provinces; the municipal boundaries were basically redrawn in these regions.[12][1][14] In the 19th and large parts of the 20th century, municipal mergers were forced by the central government. This policy changed in the end of the 20th century; local support for the merger is now a large part of the decision-making process. The larger, merged municipalities are intended to handle an increasing workload because more public services are delegated from higher levels of government to the municipalities. Another reason for municipal mergers is the assumption that larger municipalities are more efficient in performing their tasks than smaller ones.[14][15]

Municipalities have the right to decentralise themselves and form submunicipalities as an additional level of government. This right and the submunicipalities will cease to exist in the near future to reduce the number of levels of government.[16] Only Amsterdam,[17] where the districts are called stadsdelen, as well as Rotterdam,[18] where the districts are called deelgemeenten, consist of such formal subdivisions. The Hague,[19] Almere,[20] Breda, Eindhoven,[21] Enschede, Groningen,[22] Nijmegen,[23] Tilburg[24] and Utrecht have instituted stadsdelen as well, although they do not have the same legal submunicipal status. For administrative use by municipalities and data collection by Statistics Netherlands all municipalities are subdivided into districts (wijken), which in turn are subdivided into neighbourhoods (buurten).[25] These subdivisions have, in contrast to the submunicipalities, no formal status.

Municipalities

Regular municipalities

Flags of municipalities of the Netherlands
Province Munici-
palities
Drenthe 12
Flevoland 6
Friesland 18
Gelderland 51
Groningen 10
Limburg 31
North Brabant 61
North Holland 47
Overijssel 25
South Holland 52
Utrecht 26
Zeeland 13
Total 352
Municipality[lower-alpha 1] CBS code[1] Province Population[lower-alpha 2][26] Population density[lower-alpha 3][27] Land area[lower-alpha 4][27] Map
 Aa en Hunze 1680 Drenthe 25,392 92/km2 (240/sq mi) 276.09 km2 (106.60 sq mi)
 Aalsmeer 0358 North Holland 31,986 1,584/km2 (4,100/sq mi) 20.12 km2 (7.77 sq mi)
 Aalten 0197 Gelderland 27,120 281/km2 (730/sq mi) 96.54 km2 (37.27 sq mi)
 Achtkarspelen 0059 Friesland 27,900 272/km2 (700/sq mi) 102.23 km2 (39.47 sq mi)
 Alblasserdam 0482 South Holland 20,126 2,297/km2 (5,950/sq mi) 8.78 km2 (3.39 sq mi)
 Albrandswaard 0613 South Holland 25,799 1,180/km2 (3,100/sq mi) 21.69 km2 (8.37 sq mi)
 Alkmaar 0361 North Holland 109,897 991/km2 (2,570/sq mi) 110.46 km2 (42.65 sq mi)
 Almelo 0141 Overijssel 73,140 1,087/km2 (2,820/sq mi) 67.27 km2 (25.97 sq mi)
 Almere 0034 Flevoland 214,757 1,640/km2 (4,200/sq mi) 129.19 km2 (49.88 sq mi)
 Alphen aan den Rijn 0484 South Holland 112,580 886/km2 (2,290/sq mi) 126.23 km2 (48.74 sq mi)
 Alphen-Chaam 1723 North Brabant 10,371 110/km2 (280/sq mi) 93.04 km2 (35.92 sq mi)
 Altena 1959 North Brabant 56,343 279/km2 (720/sq mi) 200.63 km2 (77.46 sq mi)
 Ameland 0060 Friesland 3,747 63/km2 (160/sq mi) 59.11 km2 (22.82 sq mi)
 Amersfoort 0307 Utrecht 157,438 2,512/km2 (6,510/sq mi) 62.62 km2 (24.18 sq mi)
 Amstelveen 0362 North Holland 90,746 2,229/km2 (5,770/sq mi) 41.13 km2 (15.88 sq mi)
 Amsterdam 0363 North Holland 872,922 5,273/km2 (13,660/sq mi) 165.50 km2 (63.90 sq mi)
 Apeldoorn 0200 Gelderland 164,770 482/km2 (1,250/sq mi) 339.89 km2 (131.23 sq mi)
 Arnhem 0202 Gelderland 162,477 1,649/km2 (4,270/sq mi) 97.82 km2 (37.77 sq mi)
 Assen 0106 Drenthe 68,833 838/km2 (2,170/sq mi) 81.89 km2 (31.62 sq mi)
 Asten, Netherlands 0743 North Brabant 16,804 238/km2 (620/sq mi) 70.17 km2 (27.09 sq mi)
 Baarle-Nassau 0744 North Brabant 6,906 90/km2 (230/sq mi) 76.14 km2 (29.40 sq mi)
 Baarn 0308 Utrecht 24,784 764/km2 (1,980/sq mi) 32.54 km2 (12.56 sq mi)
 Barendrecht 0489 South Holland 48,637 2,467/km2 (6,390/sq mi) 19.75 km2 (7.63 sq mi)
 Barneveld (municipality) 0203 Gelderland 59,993 336/km2 (870/sq mi) 175.90 km2 (67.92 sq mi)
 Beek 0888 Limburg 15,883 754/km2 (1,950/sq mi) 21.03 km2 (8.12 sq mi)
 Beekdaelen 1954 Limburg 36,057 459/km2 (1,190/sq mi) 78.30 km2 (30.23 sq mi)
 Beemster 0370 North Holland 10,105 142/km2 (370/sq mi) 70.58 km2 (27.25 sq mi)
 Beesel 0889 Limburg 13,448 482/km2 (1,250/sq mi) 27.99 km2 (10.81 sq mi)
 Berg en Dal 1945 Gelderland 35,008 405/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 86.31 km2 (33.32 sq mi)
 Bergeijk 1724 North Brabant 18,755 184/km2 (480/sq mi) 101.00 km2 (39.00 sq mi)
 Bergen (LI) 0893 Limburg 13,111 127/km2 (330/sq mi) 103.24 km2 (39.86 sq mi)
 Bergen (NH) 0373 North Holland 29,696 302/km2 (780/sq mi) 98.96 km2 (38.21 sq mi)
 Bergen op Zoom 0748 North Brabant 67,513 844/km2 (2,190/sq mi) 79.96 km2 (30.87 sq mi)
 Berkelland 1859 Gelderland 43,846 170/km2 (440/sq mi) 258.06 km2 (99.64 sq mi)
 Bernheze 1721 North Brabant 31,464 348/km2 (900/sq mi) 89.73 km2 (34.64 sq mi)
 Best, Netherlands 0753 North Brabant 30,211 874/km2 (2,260/sq mi) 34.30 km2 (13.24 sq mi)
 Beuningen 0209 Gelderland 26,165 593/km2 (1,540/sq mi) 43.65 km2 (16.85 sq mi)
 Beverwijk 0375 North Holland 41,853 2,262/km2 (5,860/sq mi) 18.40 km2 (7.10 sq mi)
 Bladel 1728 North Brabant 20,529 271/km2 (700/sq mi) 75.33 km2 (29.09 sq mi)
 Blaricum 0376 North Holland 11,953 1,038/km2 (2,690/sq mi) 11.11 km2 (4.29 sq mi)
 Bloemendaal 0377 North Holland 23,478 592/km2 (1,530/sq mi) 39.79 km2 (15.36 sq mi)
 Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 1901 South Holland 35,281 463/km2 (1,200/sq mi) 75.38 km2 (29.10 sq mi)
 Boekel 0755 North Brabant 10,959 313/km2 (810/sq mi) 34.51 km2 (13.32 sq mi)
 Borger-Odoorn 1681 Drenthe 25,596 93/km2 (240/sq mi) 274.53 km2 (106.00 sq mi)
 Borne 0147 Overijssel 23,667 897/km2 (2,320/sq mi) 26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)
 Borsele 0654 Zeeland 22,818 161/km2 (420/sq mi) 141.57 km2 (54.66 sq mi)
 Boxmeer 0756 North Brabant 29,599 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 111.44 km2 (43.03 sq mi)
 Boxtel 0757 North Brabant 32,989 483/km2 (1,250/sq mi)}[lower-alpha 5] 63.73 km2 (24.61 sq mi)[lower-alpha 5]
 Breda 0758 North Brabant 184,077 1,464/km2 (3,790/sq mi) 125.74 km2 (48.55 sq mi)
 Brielle 0501 South Holland 17,423 627/km2 (1,620/sq mi) 27.55 km2 (10.64 sq mi)
 Bronckhorst 1876 Gelderland 36,083 127/km2 (330/sq mi) 283.50 km2 (109.46 sq mi)
 Brummen 0213 Gelderland 20,877 248/km2 (640/sq mi) 83.65 km2 (32.30 sq mi)
 Brunssum 0899 Limburg 27,682 1,613/km2 (4,180/sq mi) 17.25 km2 (6.66 sq mi)
 Bunnik 0312 Utrecht 15,345 411/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 36.97 km2 (14.27 sq mi)
 Bunschoten 0313 Utrecht 22,024 720/km2 (1,900/sq mi) 30.38 km2 (11.73 sq mi)
 Buren 0214 Gelderland 27,010 200/km2 (520/sq mi) 133.89 km2 (51.70 sq mi)
 Capelle aan den IJssel 0502 South Holland 67,315 4,747/km2 (12,290/sq mi) 14.14 km2 (5.46 sq mi)
 Castricum 0383 North Holland 36,084 724/km2 (1,880/sq mi) 49.68 km2 (19.18 sq mi)
 Coevorden 0109 Drenthe 35,321 119/km2 (310/sq mi) 296.07 km2 (114.31 sq mi)
 Cranendonck 1706 North Brabant 21,004 277/km2 (720/sq mi) 76.40 km2 (29.50 sq mi)
 Cuijk 1684 North Brabant 25,395 491/km2 (1,270/sq mi) 51.16 km2 (19.75 sq mi)
 Culemborg 0216 Gelderland 29,129 989/km2 (2,560/sq mi) 29.29 km2 (11.31 sq mi)
 Dalfsen 0148 Overijssel 28,903 173/km2 (450/sq mi) 165.07 km2 (63.73 sq mi)
 Dantumadiel 1891 Friesland 18,943 224/km2 (580/sq mi) 84.66 km2 (32.69 sq mi)
 De Bilt 0310 Utrecht 43,368 652/km2 (1,690/sq mi) 66.12 km2 (25.53 sq mi)
 De Fryske Marren 1940 Friesland 51,793 147/km2 (380/sq mi) 351.29 km2 (135.63 sq mi)
 De Ronde Venen 0736 Utrecht 44,727 445/km2 (1,150/sq mi) 99.92 km2 (38.58 sq mi)
 De Wolden 1690 Drenthe 24,374 108/km2 (280/sq mi) 224.55 km2 (86.70 sq mi)
 Delft 0503 South Holland 103,588 4,573/km2 (11,840/sq mi) 22.65 km2 (8.75 sq mi)
 Den Helder 0400 North Holland 56,577 1,244/km2 (3,220/sq mi) 45.25 km2 (17.47 sq mi)
 Deurne, Netherlands 0762 North Brabant 32,432 278/km2 (720/sq mi) 116.93 km2 (45.15 sq mi)
 Deventer 0150 Overijssel 101,227 771/km2 (2,000/sq mi) 130.68 km2 (50.46 sq mi)
 Diemen 0384 North Holland 31,330 2,566/km2 (6,650/sq mi) 11.99 km2 (4.63 sq mi)
 Dinkelland 1774 Overijssel 26,603 151/km2 (390/sq mi) 175.71 km2 (67.84 sq mi)
 Doesburg 0221 Gelderland 11,064 961/km2 (2,490/sq mi) 11.53 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
 Doetinchem 0222 Gelderland 58,263 734/km2 (1,900/sq mi) 79.05 km2 (30.52 sq mi)
 Dongen 0766 North Brabant 26,372 897/km2 (2,320/sq mi) 29.24 km2 (11.29 sq mi)
 Dordrecht 0505 South Holland 119,111 1,519/km2 (3,930/sq mi) 78.54 km2 (30.32 sq mi)
 Drechterland 0498 North Holland 19,835 335/km2 (870/sq mi) 58.89 km2 (22.74 sq mi)
 Drimmelen 1719 North Brabant 27,322 287/km2 (740/sq mi) 95.18 km2 (36.75 sq mi)
 Dronten 0303 Flevoland 42,017 125/km2 (320/sq mi) 333.57 km2 (128.79 sq mi)
 Druten 0225 Gelderland 18,994 503/km2 (1,300/sq mi) 37.64 km2 (14.53 sq mi)
 Duiven 0226 Gelderland 25,067 741/km2 (1,920/sq mi) 33.90 km2 (13.09 sq mi)
 Echt-Susteren 1711 Limburg 31,744 307/km2 (800/sq mi) 103.07 km2 (39.80 sq mi)
 Edam-Volendam 0385 North Holland 36,262 666/km2 (1,720/sq mi) 54.33 km2 (20.98 sq mi)
 Ede, Netherlands 0228 Gelderland 118,538 368/km2 (950/sq mi) 318.18 km2 (122.85 sq mi)
 Eemnes 0317 Utrecht 9,361 298/km2 (770/sq mi) 31.04 km2 (11.98 sq mi)
 Eemsdelta 1979 Groningen 45,528 171/km2 (440/sq mi)[lower-alpha 6] 267.89 km2 (103.43 sq mi)[lower-alpha 6]
 Eersel 0770 North Brabant 19,530 234/km2 (610/sq mi) 82.46 km2 (31.84 sq mi)
 Eijsden-Margraten 1903 Limburg 25,898 332/km2 (860/sq mi) 77.55 km2 (29.94 sq mi)
 Eindhoven 0772 North Brabant 235,707 2,674/km2 (6,930/sq mi) 87.66 km2 (33.85 sq mi)
 Elburg 0230 Gelderland 23,429 363/km2 (940/sq mi) 63.82 km2 (24.64 sq mi)
 Emmen, Netherlands 0114 Drenthe 107,020 319/km2 (830/sq mi) 335.18 km2 (129.41 sq mi)
 Enkhuizen 0388 North Holland 18,632 1,466/km2 (3,800/sq mi) 12.68 km2 (4.90 sq mi)
 Enschede 0153 Overijssel 159,703 1,134/km2 (2,940/sq mi) 140.83 km2 (54.37 sq mi)
 Epe, Netherlands 0232 Gelderland 33,197 213/km2 (550/sq mi) 156.07 km2 (60.26 sq mi)
 Ermelo, Netherlands 0233 Gelderland 27,017 315/km2 (820/sq mi) 85.63 km2 (33.06 sq mi)
 Etten-Leur 0777 North Brabant 43,875 793/km2 (2,050/sq mi) 55.30 km2 (21.35 sq mi)
 Geertruidenberg 0779 North Brabant 21,779 809/km2 (2,100/sq mi) 26.63 km2 (10.28 sq mi)
 Geldrop-Mierlo 1771 North Brabant 40,059 1,281/km2 (3,320/sq mi) 31.01 km2 (11.97 sq mi)
 Gemert-Bakel 1652 North Brabant 30,766 252/km2 (650/sq mi) 122.14 km2 (47.16 sq mi)
 Gennep 0907 Limburg 17,038 355/km2 (920/sq mi) 47.62 km2 (18.39 sq mi)
 Gilze en Rijen 0784 North Brabant 26,742 404/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 65.38 km2 (25.24 sq mi)
 Goeree-Overflakkee 1924 South Holland 50,588 192/km2 (500/sq mi) 260.48 km2 (100.57 sq mi)
 Goes 0664 Zeeland 38,594 411/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 92.58 km2 (35.75 sq mi)
 Goirle 0785 North Brabant 23,948 556/km2 (1,440/sq mi) 42.99 km2 (16.60 sq mi)
 Gooise Meren 1942 North Holland 58,520 1,396/km2 (3,620/sq mi) 41.59 km2 (16.06 sq mi)
 Gorinchem 0512 South Holland 37,416 1,966/km2 (5,090/sq mi) 18.83 km2 (7.27 sq mi)
 Gouda 0513 South Holland 73,678 4,449/km2 (11,520/sq mi) 16.50 km2 (6.37 sq mi)
 Grave, Netherlands 0786 North Brabant 12,482 457/km2 (1,180/sq mi) 27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)
 Groningen 0014 Groningen 233,218 1,255/km2 (3,250/sq mi) 185.60 km2 (71.66 sq mi)
 Gulpen-Wittem 1729 Limburg 14,204 194/km2 (500/sq mi) 73.18 km2 (28.25 sq mi)
 Haaksbergen 0158 Overijssel 24,228 232/km2 (600/sq mi) 104.82 km2 (40.47 sq mi)
 Haarlem 0392 North Holland 162,549 5,585/km2 (14,470/sq mi) 29.17 km2 (11.26 sq mi)
 Haarlemmermeer 0394 North Holland 157,778 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi) 197.48 km2 (76.25 sq mi)
 Halderberge 1655 North Brabant 30,430 407/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 74.47 km2 (28.75 sq mi)
 Hardenberg 0160 Overijssel 61,346 195/km2 (510/sq mi) 312.28 km2 (120.57 sq mi)
 Harderwijk 0243 Gelderland 48,722 1,245/km2 (3,220/sq mi) 38.89 km2 (15.02 sq mi)
 Hardinxveld-Giessendam 0523 South Holland 18,410 1,082/km2 (2,800/sq mi) 16.91 km2 (6.53 sq mi)
 Harlingen, Friesland 0072 Friesland 15,804 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi) 24.96 km2 (9.64 sq mi)
 Hattem 0244 Gelderland 12,226 529/km2 (1,370/sq mi) 23.08 km2 (8.91 sq mi)
 Heemskerk 0396 North Holland 39,206 1,433/km2 (3,710/sq mi) 27.34 km2 (10.56 sq mi)
 Heemstede 0397 North Holland 27,531 2,968/km2 (7,690/sq mi) 9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)
 Heerde 0246 Gelderland 18,774 236/km2 (610/sq mi) 78.74 km2 (30.40 sq mi)
 Heerenveen 0074 Friesland 50,649 266/km2 (690/sq mi) 190.09 km2 (73.39 sq mi)
 Heerhugowaard 0398 North Holland 58,389 1,507/km2 (3,900/sq mi) 38.21 km2 (14.75 sq mi)
 Heerlen 0917 Limburg 86,935 1,938/km2 (5,020/sq mi) 44.94 km2 (17.35 sq mi)
 Heeze-Leende 1658 North Brabant 16,238 155/km2 (400/sq mi) 104.02 km2 (40.16 sq mi)
 Heiloo 0399 North Holland 24,146 1,282/km2 (3,320/sq mi) 18.70 km2 (7.22 sq mi)
 Hellendoorn 0163 Overijssel 35,929 260/km2 (670/sq mi) 137.91 km2 (53.25 sq mi)
 Hellevoetsluis 0530 South Holland 40,296 977/km2 (2,530/sq mi) 41.10 km2 (15.87 sq mi)
 Helmond 0794 North Brabant 92,624 1,738/km2 (4,500/sq mi) 53.18 km2 (20.53 sq mi)
 Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 0531 South Holland 31,247 2,940/km2 (7,600/sq mi) 10.61 km2 (4.10 sq mi)
 Hengelo 0164 Overijssel 81,057 1,334/km2 (3,460/sq mi) 60.84 km2 (23.49 sq mi)
 's-Hertogenbosch 0796 North Brabant 155,496 1,410/km2 (3,700/sq mi) 109.99 km2 (42.47 sq mi)
 Het Hogeland 1966 Groningen 47,843 99/km2 (260/sq mi) 482.75 km2 (186.39 sq mi)
 Heumen 0252 Gelderland 16,569 414/km2 (1,070/sq mi) 39.76 km2 (15.35 sq mi)
 Heusden 0797 North Brabant 45,008 567/km2 (1,470/sq mi) 78.88 km2 (30.46 sq mi)
 Hillegom 0534 South Holland 22,204 1,725/km2 (4,470/sq mi) 12.87 km2 (4.97 sq mi)
 Hilvarenbeek 0798 North Brabant 15,698 164/km2 (420/sq mi) 94.85 km2 (36.62 sq mi)
 Hilversum 0402 North Holland 91,180 1,991/km2 (5,160/sq mi) 45.61 km2 (17.61 sq mi)
 Hoeksche Waard 1963 South Holland 88,024 325/km2 (840/sq mi) 268.93 km2 (103.83 sq mi)
 Hof van Twente 1735 Overijssel 35,035 165/km2 (430/sq mi) 212.56 km2 (82.07 sq mi)
 Hollands Kroon 1911 North Holland 48,576 136/km2 (350/sq mi) 357.34 km2 (137.97 sq mi)
 Hoogeveen 0118 Drenthe 55,600 437/km2 (1,130/sq mi) 127.54 km2 (49.24 sq mi)
 Hoorn 0405 North Holland 73,602 3,595/km2 (9,310/sq mi) 20.38 km2 (7.87 sq mi)
 Horst aan de Maas 1507 Limburg 42,497 225/km2 (580/sq mi) 188.73 km2 (72.87 sq mi)
 Houten 0321 Utrecht 50,230 913/km2 (2,360/sq mi) 54.94 km2 (21.21 sq mi)
 Huizen 0406 North Holland 41,084 2,611/km2 (6,760/sq mi) 15.81 km2 (6.10 sq mi)
 Hulst 0677 Zeeland 27,574 137/km2 (350/sq mi) 201.71 km2 (77.88 sq mi)
 IJsselstein 0353 Utrecht 33,812 1,619/km2 (4,190/sq mi) 21.07 km2 (8.14 sq mi)
 Kaag en Braassem 1884 South Holland 27,547 432/km2 (1,120/sq mi) 63.24 km2 (24.42 sq mi)
 Kampen, Overijssel 0166 Overijssel 54,476 382/km2 (990/sq mi) 142.18 km2 (54.90 sq mi)
 Kapelle 0678 Zeeland 12,878 342/km2 (890/sq mi) 37.13 km2 (14.34 sq mi)
 Katwijk 0537 South Holland 65,997 2,657/km2 (6,880/sq mi) 24.75 km2 (9.56 sq mi)
 Kerkrade 0928 Limburg 45,468 2,088/km2 (5,410/sq mi) 21.91 km2 (8.46 sq mi)
 Koggenland 1598 North Holland 22,938 283/km2 (730/sq mi) 80.32 km2 (31.01 sq mi)
 Krimpen aan den IJssel 0542 South Holland 29,396 3,841/km2 (9,950/sq mi) 7.69 km2 (2.97 sq mi)
 Krimpenerwaard 1931 South Holland 56,606 380/km2 (980/sq mi) 148.40 km2 (57.30 sq mi)
 Laarbeek 1659 North Brabant 22,800 407/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 55.35 km2 (21.37 sq mi)
 Landerd 1685 North Brabant 15,818 224/km2 (580/sq mi) 70.35 km2 (27.16 sq mi)
 Landgraaf 0882 Limburg 37,261 1,523/km2 (3,940/sq mi) 24.58 km2 (9.49 sq mi)
 Landsmeer 0415 North Holland 11,568 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi) 22.53 km2 (8.70 sq mi)
 Langedijk 0416 North Holland 28,327 1,179/km2 (3,050/sq mi) 23.88 km2 (9.22 sq mi)
 Lansingerland 1621 South Holland 63,338 1,168/km2 (3,030/sq mi) 53.42 km2 (20.63 sq mi)
 Laren 0417 North Holland 11,399 909/km2 (2,350/sq mi) 12.41 km2 (4.79 sq mi)
 Leeuwarden 0080 Friesland 124,499 521/km2 (1,350/sq mi) 238.38 km2 (92.04 sq mi)
 Leiden 0546 South Holland 124,077 5,710/km2 (14,800/sq mi) 21.91 km2 (8.46 sq mi)
 Leiderdorp 0547 South Holland 27,385 2,337/km2 (6,050/sq mi) 11.58 km2 (4.47 sq mi)
 Leidschendam-Voorburg 1916 South Holland 76,417 2,351/km2 (6,090/sq mi) 32.55 km2 (12.57 sq mi)
 Lelystad 0995 Flevoland 79,769 341/km2 (880/sq mi) 230.32 km2 (88.93 sq mi)
 Leudal 1640 Limburg 36,046 220/km2 (570/sq mi) 162.73 km2 (62.83 sq mi)
 Leusden 0327 Utrecht 30,540 519/km2 (1,340/sq mi) 58.54 km2 (22.60 sq mi)
 Lingewaard 1705 Gelderland 46,815 752/km2 (1,950/sq mi) 62.00 km2 (23.94 sq mi)
 Lisse 0553 South Holland 22,983 1,463/km2 (3,790/sq mi) 15.69 km2 (6.06 sq mi)
 Lochem 0262 Gelderland 33,944 158/km2 (410/sq mi) 213.03 km2 (82.25 sq mi)
 Loon op Zand 0809 North Brabant 23,504 469/km2 (1,210/sq mi) 49.94 km2 (19.28 sq mi)
 Lopik 0331 Utrecht 14,460 191/km2 (490/sq mi) 75.57 km2 (29.18 sq mi)
 Losser 0168 Overijssel 22,884 230/km2 (600/sq mi) 98.76 km2 (38.13 sq mi)
 Maasdriel 0263 Gelderland 25,448 379/km2 (980/sq mi) 66.11 km2 (25.53 sq mi)
 Maasgouw 1641 Limburg 23,947 524/km2 (1,360/sq mi) 45.71 km2 (17.65 sq mi)
 Maassluis 0556 South Holland 33,551 3,918/km2 (10,150/sq mi) 8.48 km2 (3.27 sq mi)
 Maastricht 0935 Limburg 120,182 2,172/km2 (5,630/sq mi) 55.99 km2 (21.62 sq mi)
 Medemblik 0420 North Holland 45,178 371/km2 (960/sq mi) 121.42 km2 (46.88 sq mi)
 Meerssen 0938 Limburg 18,651 698/km2 (1,810/sq mi) 26.96 km2 (10.41 sq mi)
 Meierijstad 1948 North Brabant 81,648 441/km2 (1,140/sq mi) 184.09 km2 (71.08 sq mi)
 Meppel 0119 Drenthe 34,383 611/km2 (1,580/sq mi) 55.53 km2 (21.44 sq mi)
 Middelburg, Zeeland 0687 Zeeland 48,977 1,008/km2 (2,610/sq mi) 48.42 km2 (18.70 sq mi)
 Midden-Delfland 1842 South Holland 19,409 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 47.19 km2 (18.22 sq mi)
 Midden-Drenthe 1731 Drenthe 33,386 97/km2 (250/sq mi) 340.51 km2 (131.47 sq mi)
 Midden-Groningen 1952 Groningen 60,740 217/km2 (560/sq mi) 280.00 km2 (108.11 sq mi)
 Mill en Sint Hubert 0815 North Brabant 11,002 209/km2 (540/sq mi) 52.23 km2 (20.17 sq mi)
 Moerdijk 1709 North Brabant 37,179 233/km2 (600/sq mi) 159.15 km2 (61.45 sq mi)
 Molenlanden 1978 South Holland 44,135 242/km2 (630/sq mi) 181.73 km2 (70.17 sq mi)
 Montferland 1955 Gelderland 36,038 341/km2 (880/sq mi) 105.70 km2 (40.81 sq mi)
 Montfoort 0335 Utrecht 13,889 370/km2 (960/sq mi) 37.57 km2 (14.51 sq mi)
 Mook en Middelaar 0944 Limburg 7,910 451/km2 (1,170/sq mi) 17.38 km2 (6.71 sq mi)
 Neder-Betuwe 1740 Gelderland 24,646 406/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 59.98 km2 (23.16 sq mi)
 Nederweert 0946 Limburg 17,169 170/km2 (440/sq mi) 99.98 km2 (38.60 sq mi)
 Nieuwegein 0356 Utrecht 63,853 2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi) 23.51 km2 (9.08 sq mi)
 Nieuwkoop 0569 South Holland 29,144 369/km2 (960/sq mi) 78.05 km2 (30.14 sq mi)
 Nijkerk 0267 Gelderland 43,598 623/km2 (1,610/sq mi) 69.34 km2 (26.77 sq mi)
 Nijmegen 0268 Gelderland 177,321 3,346/km2 (8,670/sq mi) 53.09 km2 (20.50 sq mi)
 Nissewaard 1930 South Holland 85,403 1,158/km2 (3,000/sq mi) 73.58 km2 (28.41 sq mi)
 Noardeast-Fryslân 1970 Friesland 45,485 120/km2 (310/sq mi) 377.83 km2 (145.88 sq mi)
 Noord-Beveland 1695 Zeeland 7,572 86/km2 (220/sq mi) 85.96 km2 (33.19 sq mi)
 Noordenveld 1699 Drenthe 31,218 157/km2 (410/sq mi) 199.41 km2 (76.99 sq mi)
 Noordoostpolder 0171 Flevoland 47,610 103/km2 (270/sq mi) 458.17 km2 (176.90 sq mi)
 Noordwijk 0575 South Holland 44,055 745/km2 (1,930/sq mi) 58.37 km2 (22.54 sq mi)
 Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten 0820 North Brabant 23,701 694/km2 (1,800/sq mi) 33.71 km2 (13.02 sq mi)
 Nunspeet 0302 Gelderland 28,029 216/km2 (560/sq mi) 128.74 km2 (49.71 sq mi)
 Oegstgeest 0579 South Holland 25,064 3,399/km2 (8,800/sq mi) 7.31 km2 (2.82 sq mi)
 Oirschot 0823 North Brabant 18,839 184/km2 (480/sq mi) 101.78 km2 (39.30 sq mi)
 Oisterwijk 0824 North Brabant 32,373 411/km2 (1,060/sq mi)[lower-alpha 5] 63.84 km2 (24.65 sq mi)[lower-alpha 5]
 Oldambt (municipality) 1895 Groningen 38,292 169/km2 (440/sq mi) 226.66 km2 (87.51 sq mi)
 Oldebroek 0269 Gelderland 23,756 242/km2 (630/sq mi) 97.65 km2 (37.70 sq mi)
 Oldenzaal 0173 Overijssel 31,702 1,477/km2 (3,830/sq mi) 21.55 km2 (8.32 sq mi)
 Olst-Wijhe 1773 Overijssel 18,361 160/km2 (410/sq mi) 113.84 km2 (43.95 sq mi)
 Ommen 0175 Overijssel 18,294 100/km2 (260/sq mi) 179.90 km2 (69.46 sq mi)
 Oost Gelre 1586 Gelderland 29,572 270/km2 (700/sq mi) 109.93 km2 (42.44 sq mi)
 Oosterhout 0826 North Brabant 56,195 783/km2 (2,030/sq mi) 71.47 km2 (27.59 sq mi)
 Ooststellingwerf 0085 Friesland 25,463 114/km2 (300/sq mi) 223.42 km2 (86.26 sq mi)
 Oostzaan 0431 North Holland 9,686 845/km2 (2,190/sq mi) 11.53 km2 (4.45 sq mi)
 Opmeer 0432 North Holland 12,005 285/km2 (740/sq mi) 41.50 km2 (16.02 sq mi)
 Opsterland 0086 Friesland 29,810 132/km2 (340/sq mi) 224.40 km2 (86.64 sq mi)
 Oss 0828 North Brabant 92,517 563/km2 (1,460/sq mi) 163.16 km2 (63.00 sq mi)
 Oude IJsselstreek 1509 Gelderland 39,349 289/km2 (750/sq mi) 136.15 km2 (52.57 sq mi)
 Ouder-Amstel 0437 North Holland 14,127 583/km2 (1,510/sq mi) 24.08 km2 (9.30 sq mi)
 Oudewater 0589 Utrecht 10,136 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 38.90 km2 (15.02 sq mi)
 Overbetuwe 1734 Gelderland 48,214 439/km2 (1,140/sq mi) 109.19 km2 (42.16 sq mi)
 Papendrecht 0590 South Holland 32,164 3,414/km2 (8,840/sq mi) 9.41 km2 (3.63 sq mi)
 Peel en Maas 1894 Limburg 43,658 272/km2 (700/sq mi) 159.37 km2 (61.53 sq mi)
 Pekela 0765 Groningen 12,166 249/km2 (640/sq mi) 49.04 km2 (18.93 sq mi)
 Pijnacker-Nootdorp 1926 South Holland 55,668 1,491/km2 (3,860/sq mi) 37.08 km2 (14.32 sq mi)
 Purmerend 0439 North Holland 81,676 3,509/km2 (9,090/sq mi) 23.15 km2 (8.94 sq mi)
 Putten 0273 Gelderland 24,370 283/km2 (730/sq mi) 85.22 km2 (32.90 sq mi)
 Raalte 0177 Overijssel 37,915 221/km2 (570/sq mi) 170.99 km2 (66.02 sq mi)
 Reimerswaal (municipality) 0703 Zeeland 22,897 223/km2 (580/sq mi) 101.80 km2 (39.31 sq mi)
 Renkum 0274 Gelderland 31,412 684/km2 (1,770/sq mi) 45.95 km2 (17.74 sq mi)
 Renswoude 0339 Utrecht 5,557 296/km2 (770/sq mi) 18.40 km2 (7.10 sq mi)
 Reusel-De Mierden 1667 North Brabant 13,127 168/km2 (440/sq mi) 77.88 km2 (30.07 sq mi)
 Rheden 0275 Gelderland 43,536 535/km2 (1,390/sq mi) 81.74 km2 (31.56 sq mi)
 Rhenen 0340 Utrecht 20,203 478/km2 (1,240/sq mi) 42.08 km2 (16.25 sq mi)
 Ridderkerk 0597 South Holland 46,665 1,948/km2 (5,050/sq mi) 23.72 km2 (9.16 sq mi)
 Rijssen-Holten 1742 Overijssel 38,202 406/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 94.13 km2 (36.34 sq mi)
 Rijswijk 0603 South Holland 55,205 3,901/km2 (10,100/sq mi) 13.96 km2 (5.39 sq mi)
 Roerdalen 1669 Limburg 20,602 233/km2 (600/sq mi) 88.21 km2 (34.06 sq mi)
 Roermond 0957 Limburg 58,806 958/km2 (2,480/sq mi) 60.81 km2 (23.48 sq mi)
 Roosendaal 1674 North Brabant 77,201 725/km2 (1,880/sq mi) 106.50 km2 (41.12 sq mi)
 Rotterdam 0599 South Holland 652,541 2,993/km2 (7,750/sq mi) 217.55 km2 (84.00 sq mi)
 Rozendaal 0277 Gelderland 1,726 61/km2 (160/sq mi) 27.90 km2 (10.77 sq mi)
 Rucphen 0840 North Brabant 23,081 355/km2 (920/sq mi) 64.41 km2 (24.87 sq mi)
 Schagen 0441 North Holland 46,528 276/km2 (710/sq mi) 168.25 km2 (64.96 sq mi)
 Scherpenzeel, Gelderland 0279 Gelderland 10,129 717/km2 (1,860/sq mi) 13.79 km2 (5.32 sq mi)
 Schiedam 0606 South Holland 79,356 4,417/km2 (11,440/sq mi) 17.82 km2 (6.88 sq mi)
 Schiermonnikoog 0088 Friesland 931 23/km2 (60/sq mi) 40.50 km2 (15.64 sq mi)
 Schouwen-Duiveland 1676 Zeeland 34,054 147/km2 (380/sq mi) 229.65 km2 (88.67 sq mi)
 Simpelveld 0965 Limburg 10,481 658/km2 (1,700/sq mi) 16.03 km2 (6.19 sq mi)
 Sint Anthonis 1702 North Brabant 11,688 117/km2 (300/sq mi) 99.27 km2 (38.33 sq mi)
 Sint-Michielsgestel 0845 North Brabant 29,512 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi) 58.38 km2 (22.54 sq mi)
 Sittard-Geleen 1883 Limburg 91,724 1,170/km2 (3,000/sq mi) 79.01 km2 (30.51 sq mi)
 Sliedrecht 0610 South Holland 25,589 1,965/km2 (5,090/sq mi) 12.84 km2 (4.96 sq mi)
 Sluis 1714 Zeeland 23,161 83/km2 (210/sq mi) 279.36 km2 (107.86 sq mi)
 Smallingerland 0090 Friesland 56,047 479/km2 (1,240/sq mi) 117.31 km2 (45.29 sq mi)
 Soest 0342 Utrecht 46,900 1,008/km2 (2,610/sq mi) 46.24 km2 (17.85 sq mi)
 Someren 0847 North Brabant 19,418 241/km2 (620/sq mi) 80.27 km2 (30.99 sq mi)
 Son en Breugel 0848 North Brabant 17,553 667/km2 (1,730/sq mi) 25.95 km2 (10.02 sq mi)
 Stadskanaal 0037 Groningen 31,757 269/km2 (700/sq mi) 117.64 km2 (45.42 sq mi)
 Staphorst 0180 Overijssel 17,261 128/km2 (330/sq mi) 133.99 km2 (51.73 sq mi)
 Stede Broec 0532 North Holland 21,749 1,498/km2 (3,880/sq mi) 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi)
 Steenbergen 0851 North Brabant 24,304 167/km2 (430/sq mi) 146.43 km2 (56.54 sq mi)
 Steenwijkerland 1708 Overijssel 44,351 153/km2 (400/sq mi) 288.27 km2 (111.30 sq mi)
 Stein 0971 Limburg 24,876 1,186/km2 (3,070/sq mi) 21.08 km2 (8.14 sq mi)
 Stichtse Vecht 1904 Utrecht 65,101 676/km2 (1,750/sq mi) 96.10 km2 (37.10 sq mi)
 Súdwest-Fryslân 1900 Friesland 89,989 172/km2 (450/sq mi) 523.01 km2 (201.94 sq mi)
 Terneuzen 0715 Zeeland 54,467 217/km2 (560/sq mi) 250.38 km2 (96.67 sq mi)
 Terschelling 0093 Friesland 4,870 57/km2 (150/sq mi) 85.26 km2 (32.92 sq mi)
 Texel 0448 North Holland 13,657 84/km2 (220/sq mi) 162.00 km2 (62.55 sq mi)
 Teylingen 1525 South Holland 37,798 1,319/km2 (3,420/sq mi) 28.38 km2 (10.96 sq mi)
 The Hague 0518 South Holland 547,757 6,620/km2 (17,100/sq mi) 82.45 km2 (31.83 sq mi)
 Tholen 0716 Zeeland 26,086 176/km2 (460/sq mi) 146.71 km2 (56.65 sq mi)
 Tiel 0281 Gelderland 41,922 1,282/km2 (3,320/sq mi) 32.88 km2 (12.70 sq mi)
 Tilburg 0855 North Brabant 221,930 1,892/km2 (4,900/sq mi)[lower-alpha 5] 116.17 km2 (44.85 sq mi)[lower-alpha 5]
 Tubbergen 0183 Overijssel 21,311 145/km2 (380/sq mi) 147.00 km2 (56.76 sq mi)
 Twenterand 1700 Overijssel 33,705 318/km2 (820/sq mi) 106.17 km2 (40.99 sq mi)
 Tynaarlo 1730 Drenthe 33,974 237/km2 (610/sq mi) 143.00 km2 (55.21 sq mi)
 Tytsjerksteradiel 0737 Friesland 32,056 215/km2 (560/sq mi) 148.86 km2 (57.48 sq mi)
 Uden 0856 North Brabant 42,293 629/km2 (1,630/sq mi) 67.00 km2 (25.87 sq mi)
 Uitgeest 0450 North Holland 13,633 713/km2 (1,850/sq mi) 19.16 km2 (7.40 sq mi)
 Uithoorn 0451 North Holland 30,205 1,625/km2 (4,210/sq mi) 18.14 km2 (7.00 sq mi)
 Urk 0184 Flevoland 21,225 1,599/km2 (4,140/sq mi) 13.15 km2 (5.08 sq mi)
 Utrecht 0344 Utrecht 359,376 3,811/km2 (9,870/sq mi) 93.83 km2 (36.23 sq mi)
 Utrechtse Heuvelrug 1581 Utrecht 49,931 376/km2 (970/sq mi) 132.01 km2 (50.97 sq mi)
 Vaals 0981 Limburg 10,082 423/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 23.89 km2 (9.22 sq mi)
 Valkenburg aan de Geul 0994 Limburg 16,364 446/km2 (1,160/sq mi) 36.73 km2 (14.18 sq mi)
 Valkenswaard 0858 North Brabant 31,228 568/km2 (1,470/sq mi) 54.92 km2 (21.20 sq mi)
 Veendam 0047 Groningen 27,419 360/km2 (930/sq mi) 76.00 km2 (29.34 sq mi)
 Veenendaal 0345 Utrecht 66,912 3,417/km2 (8,850/sq mi) 19.46 km2 (7.51 sq mi)
 Veere 0717 Zeeland 21,950 165/km2 (430/sq mi) 132.56 km2 (51.18 sq mi)
 Veldhoven 0861 North Brabant 45,500 1,435/km2 (3,720/sq mi) 31.69 km2 (12.24 sq mi)
 Velsen 0453 North Holland 68,607 1,519/km2 (3,930/sq mi) 45.20 km2 (17.45 sq mi)
 Venlo 0983 Limburg 101,984 819/km2 (2,120/sq mi) 124.25 km2 (47.97 sq mi)
 Venray 0984 Limburg 43,706 267/km2 (690/sq mi) 163.27 km2 (63.04 sq mi)
 Vijfheerenlanden 1961 Utrecht 57,833 388/km2 (1,000/sq mi) 146.41 km2 (56.53 sq mi)
 Vlaardingen 0622 South Holland 73,925 3,114/km2 (8,070/sq mi) 23.57 km2 (9.10 sq mi)
 Vlieland 0096 Friesland 1,193 30/km2 (78/sq mi) 39.15 km2 (15.12 sq mi)
 Vlissingen 0718 Zeeland 44,351 1,293/km2 (3,350/sq mi) 34.31 km2 (13.25 sq mi)
 Voerendaal 0986 Limburg 12,464 396/km2 (1,030/sq mi) 31.51 km2 (12.17 sq mi)
 Voorschoten 0626 South Holland 25,645 2,297/km2 (5,950/sq mi) 11.14 km2 (4.30 sq mi)
 Voorst 0285 Gelderland 24,797 200/km2 (520/sq mi) 122.97 km2 (47.48 sq mi)
 Vught 0865 North Brabant 31,663 787/km2 (2,040/sq mi)[lower-alpha 5] 33.75 km2 (13.03 sq mi)[lower-alpha 5]
 Waadhoeke 1949 Friesland 46,155 162/km2 (420/sq mi) 284.86 km2 (109.99 sq mi)
 Waalre 0866 North Brabant 17,544 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi) 22.39 km2 (8.64 sq mi)
 Waalwijk 0867 North Brabant 48,801 753/km2 (1,950/sq mi) 64.58 km2 (24.93 sq mi)
 Waddinxveen 0627 South Holland 30,485 1,055/km2 (2,730/sq mi) 27.77 km2 (10.72 sq mi)
 Wageningen 0289 Gelderland 39,643 1,304/km2 (3,380/sq mi) 30.42 km2 (11.75 sq mi)
 Wassenaar 0629 South Holland 26,939 515/km2 (1,330/sq mi) 51.11 km2 (19.73 sq mi)
 Waterland 0852 North Holland 17,306 334/km2 (870/sq mi) 52.11 km2 (20.12 sq mi)
 Weert 0988 Limburg 50,017 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi) 104.32 km2 (40.28 sq mi)
 Weesp 0457 North Holland 20,449 866/km2 (2,240/sq mi) 22.79 km2 (8.80 sq mi)
 West Betuwe 1960 Gelderland 51,493 237/km2 (610/sq mi) 216.12 km2 (83.44 sq mi)
 West Maas en Waal 0668 Gelderland 19,578 252/km2 (650/sq mi) 76.76 km2 (29.64 sq mi)
 Westerkwartier 1969 Groningen 63,660 175/km2 (450/sq mi) 362.69 km2 (140.04 sq mi)
 Westerveld 1701 Drenthe 19,663 70/km2 (180/sq mi) 278.35 km2 (107.47 sq mi)
 Westervoort 0293 Gelderland 15,011 2,130/km2 (5,500/sq mi) 7.03 km2 (2.71 sq mi)
 Westerwolde 1950 Groningen 26,190 93/km2 (240/sq mi) 275.67 km2 (106.44 sq mi)
 Westland (municipality), Netherlands 1783 South Holland 111,366 1,358/km2 (3,520/sq mi) 81.27 km2 (31.38 sq mi)
 Weststellingwerf 0098 Friesland 26,125 118/km2 (310/sq mi) 220.30 km2 (85.06 sq mi)
 Westvoorne 0614 South Holland 14,903 277/km2 (720/sq mi) 53.18 km2 (20.53 sq mi)
 Wierden 0189 Overijssel 24,534 258/km2 (670/sq mi) 94.63 km2 (36.54 sq mi)
 Wijchen 0296 Gelderland 41,259 621/km2 (1,610/sq mi) 66.18 km2 (25.55 sq mi)
 Wijdemeren 1696 North Holland 24,464 512/km2 (1,330/sq mi) 47.60 km2 (18.38 sq mi)
 Wijk bij Duurstede 0352 Utrecht 23,927 502/km2 (1,300/sq mi) 47.62 km2 (18.39 sq mi)
 Winterswijk 0294 Gelderland 29,041 209/km2 (540/sq mi) 138.14 km2 (53.34 sq mi)
 Woensdrecht 0873 North Brabant 22,019 239/km2 (620/sq mi) 91.66 km2 (35.39 sq mi)
 Woerden 0632 Utrecht 52,696 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi) 88.57 km2 (34.20 sq mi)
 Wormerland 0880 North Holland 16,309 422/km2 (1,090/sq mi) 38.59 km2 (14.90 sq mi)
 Woudenberg 0351 Utrecht 13,633 366/km2 (950/sq mi) 36.53 km2 (14.10 sq mi)
 Zaanstad 0479 North Holland 157,013 2,123/km2 (5,500/sq mi) 73.87 km2 (28.52 sq mi)
 Zaltbommel 0297 Gelderland 29,437 364/km2 (940/sq mi) 79.38 km2 (30.65 sq mi)
 Zandvoort 0473 North Holland 17,165 533/km2 (1,380/sq mi) 32.12 km2 (12.40 sq mi)
 Zeewolde 0050 Flevoland 22,886 92/km2 (240/sq mi) 247.23 km2 (95.46 sq mi)
 Zeist 0355 Utrecht 65,057 1,338/km2 (3,470/sq mi) 48.51 km2 (18.73 sq mi)
 Zevenaar 0299 Gelderland 44,099 472/km2 (1,220/sq mi) 92.60 km2 (35.75 sq mi)
 Zoetermeer 0637 South Holland 125,265 3,637/km2 (9,420/sq mi) 34.45 km2 (13.30 sq mi)
 Zoeterwoude 0638 South Holland 8,838 406/km2 (1,050/sq mi) 21.19 km2 (8.18 sq mi)
 Zuidplas 1892 South Holland 45,054 756/km2 (1,960/sq mi) 58.02 km2 (22.40 sq mi)
 Zundert 0879 North Brabant 21,988 181/km2 (470/sq mi) 120.65 km2 (46.58 sq mi)
 Zutphen 0301 Gelderland 48,099 1,170/km2 (3,000/sq mi) 40.95 km2 (15.81 sq mi)
 Zwartewaterland 1896 Overijssel 22,817 275/km2 (710/sq mi) 82.49 km2 (31.85 sq mi)
 Zwijndrecht 0642 South Holland 44,780 2,204/km2 (5,710/sq mi) 20.30 km2 (7.84 sq mi)
 Zwolle 0193 Overijssel 129,827 1,160/km2 (3,000/sq mi) 111.10 km2 (42.90 sq mi)

Special municipalities

Municipality Capital Population[lower-alpha 7][28] Population density[lower-alpha 8] Area[lower-alpha 9][29] Map
 Bonaire Kralendijk 20,915 73/km2 (190/sq mi) 288 km2 (111.20 sq mi)
 Saba The Bottom 1,933 149/km2 (390/sq mi) 13 km2 (5.02 sq mi)
 Sint Eustatius Oranjestad 3,139 149/km2 (390/sq mi) 21 km2 (8.11 sq mi)

See also

  • Association of Netherlands Municipalities
  • Municipal politics in the Netherlands
  • List of cities, towns and villages in the Netherlands by province
  • List of municipal flags of the Netherlands

Notes

  1. Municipalities as of 1 January 2021 with figures from 1 January 2020.
  2. Population as of 1 January 2021.
  3. Population density as of 1 January 2020.
  4. Land area as of 1 January 2020.
  5. Does not include statistics from the former municipality of Haaren that partially merged into this municipality in 2021.
  6. Derived from the 1 January 2020 figures from the former municipalities of Appingedam, Delfzijl and Loppersum that merged together into Eemsdelta.
  7. Population as of January 2020
  8. The population density is calculated by dividing the population by the area for each special municipality.
  9. Area as of 2012

References

  1. "Gemeentelijke indeling op 1 januari 2021" [Municipalities on 1 January 2021]. CBS Classifications (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  2. "Central government, provinces, municipalities and water authorities". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  3. OECD E-Government Studies: Netherlands 2007. Paris: OECD Publishing. 28 May 2007. p. 40. ISBN 978-92-64-03029-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  4. A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "Algemene bevoegdheids- en omgangsbepalingen" [General power and communication clauses]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 143–170. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  5. Figee, Edward; Eigeman, Jean; Hilterman, Frank (December 2007). "Local Government in The Netherlands" (PDF). VNG. The Hague: Drukkerij Excelsior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  6. "Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba" [Public bodies act Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba]. Act No. 345 of 10 October 2010 (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  7. Article 129, Constitution of the Netherlands. Retrieved on 24 April 2013.
  8. "Gemeentewet" [Municipalities Act]. Article 8, Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  9. "Gemeentewet" [Municipalities Act]. Article 61.1 and 35.1, Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  10. A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "De samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 233–252. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  11. "Municipal government". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  12. Ekamper, Peter; van der Erf, Rob; van der Gaag, Nicole; Henkes, Kène; van Imhoff, Evert; van Poppel, Frans (2003). "Chapter: Provincies en gemeenten, 1850-2000" [Provinces and municipalities, 1850-2000]. Bevolkingsatlas van Nederland: demografische ontwikkelingen van 1850 tot heden [Population atlas of the Netherlands: demographic developments from 1850 to now] (in Dutch). Rijswijk: Uitgeverij Elmar. pp. 21–27. ISBN 9038913648. Archived from the original (link to PDF) on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  13. "Gemeentelijke indeling op 1 januari 2019" [Municipalities on 1 January 2019]. CBS Classifications (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  14. Beeckman, Duncan; van der Bie, Ronald (2005). "Een eeuw gemeentelijke herindelingen" [A century of municipal mergers] (PDF). Bevolkingstrends (in Dutch). Heerlen/Voorburg: CBS. 53 (2): 63–64. ISSN 1571-0998. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-29. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  15. "Gemeentelijke herindeling" [Municipal mergers]. rijksoverheid.nl (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  16. "Wet van 7 februari 2013 tot wijziging van de Gemeentewet en enige andere wetten in verband met het afschaffen van de bevoegdheid van gemeentebesturen om deelgemeenten in te stellen" [Act of 7 February 2013 to change the Municipalities Act and other Act in relation to the dissolution of the power of municipalities to form submunicipalities]. Act No. 76 of 28 February 2013 (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  17. "Amsterdam stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Amsterdam. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  18. "Rotterdam deelgemeenten" (in Dutch). Gemeente Rotterdam. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  19. "The Hague stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente The Hague. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  20. "Almere stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Almere. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  21. "Eindhoven stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  22. "Groningen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Groningen. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  23. "Nijmegen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Website www.nijmegencity.nl. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  24. "Statistische gegevens" (in Dutch). Gemeente Tilburg. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  25. "Kerncijfers Wijken en Buurten" [Key figures for districts and neighbourhoods]. Methods:Data collection (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  26. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population development]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  27. "Regionale kerncijfers Nederland" [Regional key figures Netherlands]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  28. "Population of Dutch Caribbean (1 January); sex, age". CBS Statline. CBS. 15 April 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  29. Referentiekader Caribisch Nederland met bijlagen [Reference frame Caribbean Netherlands with appendices] (Technical report) (in Dutch). IdeeVersa. 20 February 2012. pp. 25–27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
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