Mitte (locality)

Mitte (German pronunciation: [ˈmɪtə] (listen)) (German for "middle" or "center", commonly used without an article) is a central locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the eponymous district (Bezirk) of Mitte. Until 2001, it was itself an autonomous district.

Quarter of Berlin
Panoramic view of Mitte
Coat of arms
Location of Mitte in Mitte district and Berlin
Coordinates: 52°31′10″N 13°24′24″E
Subdivisions13 zones
  Total10.7 km2 (4.1 sq mi)
52 m (171 ft)
  Density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
(nr. 0101) 10115, 10117, 10119, 10178, 10179, 10435
Vehicle registrationB
Zones of Mitte

It comprises the historic center of Alt-Berlin centered around the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Mary, renowned Museum Island, the city hall Rotes Rathaus, the city administrative building Altes Stadthaus, the famous Fernsehturm, Brandenburg Gate at the end of the central boulevard Unter den Linden and more main tourist attractions of the city. For these reasons, Mitte is considered the "heart" of Berlin.


Map of 1688

The history of Mitte corresponds to the history of the entire city until the early 20th century, and with the Greater Berlin Act in 1920 it became the first district of the city. It was among the areas of the city most heavily damaged in World War II.

Following a territorial redeployment by the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom that reshaped the borders of West Berlin's British Sector in August 1945, the western part of Staaken became in effect as of 1 February 1951 an exclave of Mitte, then still a borough of East Berlin. This ended on 1 January 1961, when western Staaken was incorporated into then East German Falkensee, which had already been under its de facto administration since 1 June 1952.

Between 1961 and 1990, Mitte, one of the most important boroughs of East Berlin but close to all three western sectors of the city, was almost surrounded by the Berlin Wall. One of the most important border crossings was Checkpoint Charlie, near Kreuzberg.[1]



Situated in central Berlin and mostly in its old town, it is traversed by the river Spree. It borders the localities of Tiergarten, Moabit, Wedding, Gesundbrunnen, Prenzlauer Berg (in Pankow district), Friedrichshain, and Kreuzberg (both in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district).


Mitte is subdivided into 13 zones or neighborhoods (Stadtviertel) (the numbers refer to the map above right):

  • Cölln (1)
  • Alt-Berlin (2)
    • Nikolaiviertel (2a)
  • Friedrichswerder (3)
  • Neukölln am Wasser (4)
  • Dorotheenstadt (5)
  • Friedrichstadt (6)
  • Luisenstadt (7)
  • Stralauer Vorstadt (8)
  • Alexanderplatz (9)
  • Spandauer Vorstadt (10)
    • Scheunenviertel (10a)
  • Friedrich-Wilhelm-Stadt (11)
  • Oranienburger Vorstadt (12)
  • Rosenthaler Vorstadt (13)

Sister cities

Main sights

Buildings and structures

  • Alte Nationalgalerie
  • Altes Museum
  • Altes Stadthaus
  • Berlin Cathedral
  • Berlin State Opera
  • Berliner Ensemble
  • Brandenburg Gate
  • Bode Museum
  • Bundesrat of Germany
  • Checkpoint Charlie
  • Deutscher Dom
  • Fernsehturm Berlin
  • Französischer Dom
  • Friedrichstadt-Palast
  • Friedrichswerder Church
  • Humboldt University
  • James Simon Gallery
  • Konzerthaus Berlin
  • Kunsthaus Tacheles
  • Marienkirche
  • Neue Synagoge
  • Neues Museum
  • Nikolaikirche
  • Palast der Republik
  • Pergamon Museum
  • Reich Air Ministry
  • Rotes Rathaus
  • St. Hedwig's Cathedral
  • Sophienkirche
  • Staatsratsgebäude
  • Stadtschloß

Places, squares and streets

  • Alexanderplatz
  • Bernauer Straße
  • Friedrichstraße
  • Gendarmenmarkt
  • Karl-Marx-Allee
  • Leipziger Straße
  • Lustgarten
  • Marx-Engels-Forum
  • Molkenmarkt
  • Museum Island
  • Nikolaiviertel
  • Oranienburger Straße
  • Pariser Platz
  • Potsdamer Platz
  • Schloßplatz
  • Unter den Linden



Berlin Alexanderplatz railway station

Mitte is served by S-Bahn lines S5, S7, S75, S9 (both on Berlin Stadtbahn); S1, S2, S25, and U-Bahn lines U2, U5, U6 and U8, as well as numerous tram and bus lines.

See also

  • Berlin Alexanderplatz railway station
  • Berlin Friedrichstrasse railway station
  • Berlin Potsdamer Platz railway station


Media related to Mitte at Wikimedia Commons

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