Michael Dell

Michael Saul Dell (born February 23, 1965) is an American billionaire businessman and philanthropist. He is the founder, chairman and CEO of Dell Technologies, one of the world's largest technology infrastructure companies.[2] He is ranked 25th richest in the world by Bloomberg Billionaires Index, with a net worth of US$51.7 billion as of April 17, 2021.[1]

Michael Dell
Dell in 2010
Michael Saul Dell

(1965-02-23) February 23, 1965
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Known forFounder of Dell Technologies Inc.
Founder of MSD Capital
Net worth US$50.8 Billion (As of 29 May 2021)[1]
TitleChairman and CEO of Dell Technologies Inc.
Spouse(s)Susan Lynn Lieberman (m. 1989)
Parent(s)Alexander Dell
Lorraine Charlotte
RelativesAdam Dell (brother)

In 2011, his 243.35 million shares of Dell Inc. stock were worth $3.5 billion, giving him 12% ownership of the company.[3] His remaining wealth of roughly $10 billion is invested in other companies and is managed by MSD Capital, which incorporates his initials.[4] In January 2013 it was announced that he had bid to take Dell Inc. private for $24.4 billion in the biggest management buyout since the Great Recession. Dell Inc. officially went private in October 2013.[5] The company once again went public in December 2018.[6]

Early life and education

Dell was born in 1965 in Houston, to a Jewish family whose surname reflects the translation into English of the original German Thal ("valley" or "dale"; modern common-noun spelling Tal since the 1901 German orthographic reform[7]) upon the family's immigration to the United States.[8] His parents were Lorraine Charlotte (née Langfan), a stockbroker,[9] and Alexander Dell, an orthodontist. Michael Dell attended Herod Elementary School in Houston.[10] He would go on to attend Memorial High School.[11] In a bid to enter business early, he applied to take a high school equivalency exam at age eight. In his early teens, he invested his earnings from part-time jobs in stocks and precious metals.[12]

Dell purchased his first calculator at age seven and encountered an early teletype terminal in junior high. At age 15, after playing with computers at Radio Shack, he got his first computer, an Apple II, which he promptly disassembled to see how it worked.[13] He got a job as a dishwasher at age 12 and was quickly promoted to maitre d'.[14] Dell attended Memorial High School in Houston, selling subscriptions to the Houston Post in the summer. Dell's parents wanted him to be a doctor and in order to please them, he took up pre-med at the University of Texas in 1983.[15] Dell continued learning to target specific populations for newspaper subscriptions rather than just making cold calls, and earned $18,000 that summer.[16] He hired several employees, and after earning a gross profit of nearly $200,000 in his first year of business, Dell dropped out of the University of Texas at age 19.[17]

Business career

A PC's Limited Turbo PC signed by Dell
Michael Dell lecturing at the Oracle OpenWorld, San Francisco 2010

While a freshman pre-med student at the University of Texas, Dell started an informal business putting together and selling upgrade kits for personal computers in Room 2713 of the Dobie Center residential building.[11][18] He then applied for a vendor license to bid on contracts for the State of Texas, winning bids by not having the overhead of a computer store.[19][20][21]

In January 1984, Dell banked on his conviction that the potential cost savings of a manufacturer selling PCs directly had enormous advantages over the conventional indirect retail channel. In January 1984, Dell registered his company as "PC's Limited". Operating out of a condominium, the business sold between $50,000 and $80,000 worth of PC upgrades, kits, and add-on components. In May, Dell incorporated the company as "Dell Computer Corporation" and relocated to a business center in North Austin. The company employed a few people as order takers, a few more to fill the orders, and, as Dell recalled, a manufacturing staff consisting of "three guys with screwdrivers sitting at six-foot tables". The venture's capitalization cost was $1,000.[22][23]

In 1992, aged 27, he became the youngest CEO of a company ranked in Fortune magazine's list of the top 500 corporations.[24] In 1996, Dell started selling computers over the Web, the same year his company launched its first servers. Dell Inc. soon reported about $1 million in sales per day from dell.com.[25] In the first quarter of 2001, Dell Inc. reached a world market share of 12.8 percent, surpassing Compaq to become the world's largest PC maker. The metric marked the first time the rankings had shifted over the previous seven years. The company's combined shipments of desktops, notebooks and servers grew 34.3 percent worldwide and 30.7 percent in the United States at a time when competitors' sales were shrinking.[26]

In 1998, Dell founded MSD Capital L.P. to manage his family's investments. Investment activities include publicly traded securities, private equity activities, and real estate. The firm employs 80 people and has offices in New York, Santa Monica and London. Dell himself is not involved in day-to-day operations.[27] On March 4, 2004, Dell stepped down as CEO, but stayed as chairman of Dell Inc.'s board, while Kevin Rollins, then president and COO, became president and CEO. On January 31, 2007, Dell returned as CEO at the request of the board, succeeding Rollins.[28]

In 2013, Michael Dell with the help of Silver Lake Partners, Microsoft, and a consortium of lenders took Dell, Inc. private. The deal was reportedly worth $25 billion and faced difficulties during its execution. Notable resistance came from Carl Icahn, but after several months he stepped aside. Michael Dell received a 75% stake in the private company.[29]

On October 12, 2015, Dell Inc. announced its intent to acquire the enterprise software and storage company EMC Corporation. At $67 billion, it has been labeled the "highest-valued tech acquisition in history".[30][31] The acquisition was finalized September 7, 2016.[32]


In July 2010 Dell Inc. agreed to pay a $100 million penalty to settle SEC charges[33] of disclosure and accounting fraud in relation to undisclosed payments from Intel Corporation. Michael Dell and former CEO Kevin Rollins agreed to pay $4 million each and former CFO James Schneider agreed to pay $3 million to settle the charges.[33]


Accolades for Dell include "Entrepreneur of the Year" (at age 24) from Inc. magazine;[34] "Top CEO in American Business" from Worth magazine; "CEO of the Year" from Financial World, Industry Week and Chief Executive magazines. Dell also received the 1998 Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement[35] and the 2013 Franklin Institute's Bower Award for Business Leadership.[36]


Dell serves on the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum, the executive committee of the International Business Council, the U.S. Business Council. He previously served as a member of the U.S. President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.[37]

In April 2020, Governor Greg Abbott named Dell to the Strike Force to Open Texas – a group "tasked with finding safe and effective ways to slowly reopen the state" during the COVID-19 pandemic.[38]


Dell's 1999 book, Direct from Dell: Strategies That Revolutionized an Industry (by HarperBusiness), is an account of his early life, his company's founding, growth and missteps, as well as lessons learned. The book was written in collaboration with Catherine Fredman.[39]


Forbes estimates Dell's net worth to $50.4 billion in April 2021.[40]

In February 2018, it was reported that in 2014, Dell had paid $100.5 million for Manhattan's One57 penthouse, which was then a record for the most expensive home ever sold in the city.[41]

Personal life

Dell married Susan Lieberman on October 28, 1989, in Austin, Texas; the couple reside there with their four children.[42][43][44]


In 1999, Michael and Susan Dell established the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation, which focuses on, among other causes, grants, urban education, childhood health and family economic stability. In 2006, the foundation provided $50 million in grants to three health-related organizations associated with the University of Texas: the Michael & Susan Dell Center for Advancement of Healthy Living, the Dell Pediatric Research Institute to complement the Dell Children's Medical Center, as well as funding for a new computer science building at the University of Texas at Austin campus.[45] In 2013, the foundation provided an additional $50 million commitment to establish the Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin. [46] Since 1999, the MSDF has committed $1.23 billion to non-profits and social enterprises in the United States, India and South Africa.[47] Dell is also behind the founding of the Dell Jewish Community Campus in the Northwest Hills neighborhood of Austin.[48]

By 2011, the foundation had committed more than $650 million to children's issues and community initiatives in the United States, India and South Africa.[49] Today the foundation has over $466 million assets under management.[50]

In 2002, Dell received an honorary doctorate in Economic Science from the University of Limerick in honor of his investment in Ireland and the local community and for his support for educational initiatives.[51]

In 2012, the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation committed $50 million for medical education. The Dell Medical School began enrolling students in 2016.[52]

In 2014, he donated $1.8 million to the Friends of the Israel Defense Forces.[53]

In 2017, in the wake of Hurricane Harvey, Dell, a Houston native, pledged $36 million to relief efforts.[54]

In May 2017, Dell donated $1 billion to his foundation, which focuses on child poverty; it makes both impact investments and charitable donations. [55]

In 2018 Dell Technologies returned to public markets through a complicated financial restructuring.[56]


  1. "Bloomberg Billionaires Index: Michael Dell". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  2. "Surrounding oneself with the best talent". Industr. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  3. Brown, Joshua (March 20, 2011). "Michael Dell's Very Big Stock Purchase". The Reformed Broker. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
  4. Calnan, Christopher (February 7, 2010). "Managing Michael Dell's multibillions". BizJournals. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
  5. Guglielmo, Connie (October 30, 2013). "Dell Officially Goes Private: Inside The Nastiest Tech Buyout Ever". Forbes.
  6. "Dell returns to market with NYSE listing". Reuters. December 28, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  7. Russ, Charles (November 2002). The German Language Today: A Linguistic Introduction. ISBN 9781134848027.
  8. Lone stars of David: the Jews of Texas, By Hollace Ava Weiner, Kenneth Roseman, page 257, UPNE, 2007
  9. Biography of Michael Dell. businessweek.com (From The Associated Press; 2007-01-31).
  10. History of Our School Archived April 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Es.houstonisd.org. Retrieved on 2012-07-12.
  11. "Proud Products: Michael Dell". March 15, 2008. Archived from the original on March 15, 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  12. "Michael S. Dell Biography and Interview". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  13. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. pp. 6–7. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  14. "The 8 lowest-paying jobs in America". msnbc.com. July 12, 2010.
  15. "Michael Dell". Entrepreneur. October 9, 2008. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  16. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  17. Dell, Michael (March 17, 2018). "First financial statement for @Dell. The one I used to convince my parents that it was OK for me to not go back to collegepic.twitter.com/kKuGDsyvYZ". @MichaelDell. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  18. Kirk Ladendorf. "Dell remembers his beginning while looking toward the future" Austin American-Statesman. November 27, 2011, pp. E1, E2.
  19. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  20. Larry Faulkner, President, University of Texas at Austin (2003). Michael Dell Remarks. dell.com
  21. Buchholz, Jan (April 29, 2014). "UT's famed high-rise dorm where Dell launched to get $4 million makeover". Statesman.com. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  22. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  23. Kessler, Michelle (March 4, 2004). "Dell founder passes torch to new CEO". USA Today. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
  24. "Michael Dell". National Press Club Summary. National Public Radio. June 8, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
  25. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. p. xiv. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  26. Kanellos, Michael (April 1, 2001). "Dell beats Compaq for No. 1 ranking". CNET News. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
  27. "MSD Capital – About Us". Retrieved April 17, 2010.
  28. "Dell Chief Replaced by Founder", New York Times.
  29. Guglielmo, Connie. "Dell Officially Goes Private: Inside the Nastiest Tech Buyout Ever". Forbes. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
  30. "Dell agrees $67bn EMC takeover". BBC News. October 12, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  31. "Dell to Buy EMC in Deal Worth About $67 Billion". Bloomberg.com. October 12, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  32. "Historic Dell and EMC Merger Complete; Forms World's Largest Privately-Controlled Tech Company | Business Wire". www.businesswire.com. September 7, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  33. "Dell Inc., Michael S. Dell, Kevin B. Rollins, James M. Schneider, Leslie L. Jackson, Nicholas A.R. Dunning". Sec.gov. July 22, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2011.
  34. Richman, Tom (January 1, 1990). "The Entrepreneur of the Year". Inc. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
  35. "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  36. "MICHAEL S. DELL". Franklin Institute. October 3, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2016.
  37. "Michael Dell". Dell Inc. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  38. "These are the experts, leaders working with Gov. Abbott's strike force to reopen Texas". khou.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
  39. Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct from Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. HarperBusiness. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  40. "The real-time billionaires list". Forbes. Retrieved April 16, 2021.
  41. Clarke, Katherine (February 22, 2018). "Michael Dell Paid a Record $100.47 Million for Manhattan's One57 Penthouse". The Wall Street Journal. The New York Times, New York City, United States.
  42. Fishman, Charles (February 28, 2001). "Face Time With Michael Dell". Fast Company. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  43. Schwinn, Elizabeth (April 6, 2006). "A Focus on Efficiency". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  44. COLLOFF, PAMELA (July 31, 2000). "Suddenly Susan". Texas Monthly. Archived from the original on October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  45. Foundation, Michael & Susan Dell. "Michael & Susan Dell Foundation Grants $50 Million to University of Texas to Bring Excellence in Children's Health and Education to Austin". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  46. "Michael & Susan Dell Foundation Invests $50 million to Establish the Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin". UT News | The University of Texas at Austin. January 30, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  47. "Michael & Susan Dell Foundation". Michael & Susan Dell Foundation. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  48. Gwynne, S.C. (February 7, 2013). "Dell's Great Success Story". Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  49. Foundation, Michael & Susan Dell. "Michael & Susan Dell Foundation Applauds the First Lady's 'Let's Move!' Campaign to End Childhood Obesity". Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  50. "The Michael and Susan Dell Foundation: Private Company Information - Businessweek". Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  51. Annette Condon (2002-05-29), Michael Dell Conferred with Honorary Doctorate from the University of Limerick. University of Limerick Press Release
  52. Ralph K.M. Haurwitz (January 30, 2013). "Dell family foundation to donate $60 million for UT medical school, local health care". Austin American-Statesman.
  53. "Hollywood gala raises a record $33 million for IDF". TIMES OF ISRAEL. November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  54. "Tech billionaire Michael Dell pledges $36 million to Harvey relief efforts". CNN. September 1, 2017. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
  55. https://www.forbes.com/profile/michael-dell/#22e256436ce0 Retrieved July 22, 2020
  56. Forbes, Forbes. "Forbes".

Further reading

  • Dell, Michael; Catherine Fredman (1999). Direct From Dell: Strategies that Revolutionized an Industry. New York, New York: HarperColins Publishers. ISBN 0-88730-914-3.
  • Koehn, Nancy F. Brand New: How Entrepreneurs Earned Consumers' Trust from Wedgwood to Dell (2001) pp 257–306.
  • Magretta, Joan. "The power of virtual integration: An interview with Dell Computer's Michael Dell." Harvard Business Review (1998): pp-73+. online
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.