Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award

In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually since 1983 to two outstanding managers, one each in the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The winner is voted on by 30 members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). Each submits a vote for first, second, and third place among the managers of each league.[a] The manager with the highest score in each league wins the award.[1]

Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award
Lou Piniella won the 2008 National League Manager of the Year Award, and won twice in the American League.
SportBaseball
LeagueMajor League Baseball
Awarded forBest manager of American League and National League
CountryUnited States, Canada
Presented byBaseball Writers' Association of America
History
First award1983
Most recent

Several managers have won the award in a season when they led their team to 100 or more wins. Lou Piniella won 116 games with the Seattle Mariners in 2001,[2] the most by a winning manager, and Joe Torre won 114 with the New York Yankees in 1998.[3] Sparky Anderson and Tony La Russa finished with identical 104–58 records in 1984 and 1988, respectively.[4][5] Three National League managers, including Dusty Baker, Whitey Herzog, and Larry Dierker, have exceeded the century mark as well. Baker's San Francisco Giants won 103 games in 1993;[6] Dierker's 1998 Houston Astros won 102 and Herzog led the Cardinals to 101 wins in the award's third season.[7][8]

In 1991, Bobby Cox became the first manager to win the award in both leagues, winning with the Atlanta Braves and having previously won with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1985.[9] La Russa, Piniella, Jim Leyland, Bob Melvin, Davey Johnson, and Joe Maddon have since won the award in both leagues.[2][4][10] Cox and La Russa have won the most awards, with four.[4][9] Baker, Leyland, Piniella, Showalter, Maddon and Melvin [11] have won three times.[2][6][10] In 2005, Cox became the first manager to win the award in consecutive years.[9] Kevin Cash and Don Mattingly are the most recent winners.

Because of the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike cut the season short and cancelled the post-season, the BBWAA writers effectively created a de facto mythical national championship (similar to college football) by naming managers of the unofficial league champions (lead the leagues in winning percentage) (Buck Showalter and Felipe Alou) as Managers of the Year.[12][13] Two franchises, the New York Mets and the Milwaukee Brewers, have not had a manager win the award.

Only six managers have won the award while leading a team that finished outside the top two spots in its division. Ted Williams was the first, after leading the "expansion" Washington Senators to a third-place finish (and, at 86-76, their only winning season) in the American League East, in 1969. Buck Rodgers won the award in 1987 with the third-place Expos.[14] Tony Peña and Showalter won the award with third-place teams in back-to-back years: Peña with the Royals in 2003, and Showalter with the Rangers in 2004.[15][16] Joe Girardi is the only manager to win the award with a fourth-place team (2006 Florida Marlins);[17] he is also the only manager to win the award after fielding a team with a losing record.

Key

Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame
^
Indicates multiple award winners in the same year
(#) Number of wins by managers who have won the award multiple times
Year Each year links to that particular Major League Baseball season
Bold The manager's team won the World Series in the same season

Winners

American League

Kevin Cash (2020 AL Manager of the Year)
Don Mattingly (2020 NL Manager of the Year)
YearManagerTeamDivisionFinishRecord
1983
Tony La Russa (1)Chicago White SoxWest1st
99–63
1984
Sparky Anderson (1)Detroit TigersEast1st
104–58
1985
Bobby Cox (1)Toronto Blue JaysEast1st
99–62
1986
John McNamaraBoston Red SoxEast1st
95–66
1987
Sparky Anderson (2)Detroit TigersEast1st
98–64
1988
Tony La Russa (2)Oakland AthleticsWest1st
104–58
1989
Frank RobinsonBaltimore OriolesEast2nd
87–75
1990
Jeff TorborgChicago White SoxWest2nd
94–68
1991
Tom KellyMinnesota TwinsWest1st
95–67
1992
Tony La Russa (3)Oakland AthleticsWest1st
96–66
1993
Gene LamontChicago White SoxWest1st
94–68
1994[b]
Buck Showalter (1)New York YankeesEast1st
70–43
1995
Lou Piniella (1)Seattle MarinersWest1st
79–66
1996^[c]
Johnny OatesTexas RangersWest1st
90–72
1996^[c]
Joe TorreNew York YankeesEast1st
92–70
1997
Davey Johnson (1)Baltimore OriolesEast1st
98–64
1998
Joe Torre (2)New York YankeesEast1st
114–48
1999
Jimy WilliamsBoston Red SoxEast2nd
94–68
2000
Jerry ManuelChicago White SoxCentral1st
95–67
2001
Lou Piniella (2)Seattle MarinersWest1st
116–46
2002
Mike SciosciaAnaheim AngelsWest2nd
99–63
2003
Tony PeñaKansas City RoyalsCentral3rd
83–79
2004
Buck Showalter (2)Texas RangersWest3rd
89–73
2005
Ozzie GuillénChicago White SoxCentral1st
99–63
2006
Jim Leyland (3)Detroit TigersCentral2nd
95–67
2007
Eric WedgeCleveland IndiansCentral1st
96–66
2008
Joe Maddon (1)Tampa Bay RaysEast1st
97–65
2009
Mike Scioscia (2)Los Angeles AngelsWest1st
97–65
2010
Ron GardenhireMinnesota TwinsCentral1st
94–68
2011
Joe Maddon (2)Tampa Bay RaysEast2nd
91–71
2012
Bob Melvin (2)Oakland AthleticsWest1st
94–68
2013
Terry FranconaCleveland IndiansCentral2nd
92–70
2014
Buck Showalter (3)Baltimore OriolesEast1st
96–66
2015
Jeff BanisterTexas RangersWest1st
88–74
2016
Terry Francona (2)Cleveland IndiansCentral1st
94–67
2017
Paul MolitorMinnesota TwinsCentral2nd
85–77
2018
Bob Melvin (3)Oakland AthleticsWest2nd
97–65
2019
Rocco BaldelliMinnesota TwinsCentral1st
101–61
2020
Kevin CashTampa Bay RaysEast1st
40–20

National League

YearManagerTeamDivisionFinishRecord
1983
Tommy Lasorda (1)Los Angeles DodgersWest1st
91–71
1984
Jim Frey (1)Chicago CubsEast1st
96–65
1985
Whitey HerzogSt. Louis CardinalsEast1st
101–61
1986
Hal LanierHouston AstrosWest1st
96–66
1987
Buck RodgersMontréal ExposEast3rd
91–71
1988
Tommy Lasorda (2)Los Angeles DodgersWest1st
94–67
1989
Don ZimmerChicago CubsEast1st
93–69
1990
Jim Leyland (1)Pittsburgh PiratesEast1st
95–67
1991
Bobby Cox (2)Atlanta BravesWest1st
94–68
1992
Jim Leyland (2)Pittsburgh PiratesEast1st
96–66
1993
Dusty Baker (1)San Francisco GiantsWest2nd
103–59
1994[b]
Felipe AlouMontréal ExposEast1st
74–40
1995
Don BaylorColorado RockiesWest2nd
77–67
1996
Bruce BochySan Diego PadresWest1st
91–71
1997
Dusty Baker (2)San Francisco GiantsWest1st
90–72
1998
Larry DierkerHouston AstrosCentral1st
102–60
1999
Jack McKeon (1)Cincinnati RedsCentral2nd
96–67
2000
Dusty Baker (3)San Francisco GiantsWest1st
97–65
2001
Larry BowaPhiladelphia PhilliesEast2nd
86–76
2002
Tony La Russa (4)St. Louis CardinalsCentral1st
97–65
2003
Jack McKeon (2)Florida MarlinsEast2nd
75–49
2004
Bobby Cox (3)Atlanta BravesEast1st
96–66
2005
Bobby Cox (4)Atlanta BravesEast1st
90–72
2006
Joe GirardiFlorida MarlinsEast4th
78–84
2007
Bob Melvin (1)Arizona DiamondbacksWest1st
90–72
2008
Lou Piniella (3)Chicago CubsCentral1st
97–64
2009
Jim TracyColorado RockiesWest2nd
92–70
2010
Bud BlackSan Diego PadresWest2nd
90–72
2011
Kirk GibsonArizona DiamondbacksWest1st
94–68
2012
Davey Johnson (2)Washington NationalsEast1st
98–64
2013
Clint HurdlePittsburgh PiratesCentral2nd
94–68
2014
Matt WilliamsWashington NationalsEast1st
96–66
2015
Joe Maddon (3)Chicago CubsCentral3rd
97–65
2016
Dave RobertsLos Angeles DodgersWest1st
91–71
2017
Torey LovulloArizona DiamondbacksWest2nd
93–69
2018
Brian SnitkerAtlanta BravesEast1st
90–72
2019
Mike ShildtSt. Louis CardinalsCentral1st
91–71
2020
Don MattinglyMiami MarlinsEast2nd
31–29

Notes

  • a The formula used to calculate the final scores is Score = 5F + 3S + T, where F is the number of first-place votes, S is second -place votes, and T is third-place votes.[18][19]
  • b The 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike ended the season on August 11, as well as cancelling the entire postseason, with writers effectively turning the vote into a de facto mythical national championship, similar to college football. [20]
  • c Johnny Oates and Joe Torre tied for the lead among voters in the American League in 1996.[21]

See also

  • "Esurance MLB Awards" Best Manager (in MLB)
  • Baseball America Manager of the Year
  • Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards Manager of the Year
  • Chuck Tanner Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award
  • Associated Press Manager of the Year (discontinued in 2001)
  • Honor Rolls of Baseball #Managers
  • MLB All-Time Manager (1997; BBWAA)
  • Sporting News Manager of the Decade (2009)
  • Sports Illustrated MLB Manager of the Decade (2009)
  • Major League Baseball all-time managerial wins
  • Best Coach/Manager ESPY Award (all sports)

References

General
  • "Manager of the Year Award Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  • "MLB Awards (Manager of the Year Award Winners)". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
Inline citations
  1. Castrovince, Anthony; Beck, Jason (November 14, 2007). "Wedge named AL's top manager". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  2. "Lou Piniella Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  3. "Joe Torre Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  4. "Tony La Russa Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  5. "Sparky Anderson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  6. "Dusty Baker Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  7. "Larry Dierker Managerial Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  8. "Whitey Herzog Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  9. "Bobby Cox Managerial Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  10. "Jim Leyland Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  11. "MLB Awards 2018". BaseballBliss.com. BaseballBliss. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  12. "Buck Showalter Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  13. "Felipe Alou Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  14. "1987 Montreal Expos Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  15. "2003 Kansas City Royals Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  16. "2004 Texas Rangers Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  17. "2006 Florida Marlins Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  18. "2008 NL Manager of the Year Voting". ESPN.com. Associated Press. November 12, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  19. Spira, Greg (October 28, 2004). "Internet Baseball Awards". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  20. Bryant, Howard (2005). Juicing the Game. Penguin Group. p. 53. ISBN 0-670-03445-2.
  21. "MLB Awards (Manager of the Year Award Winners)". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 25, 2009.

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