List of winners of the New York City Marathon

The New York City Marathon, one of the six World Marathon Majors, is a 26.2-mile (42.2 km) race which has been held in New York City since 1970. It is the largest marathon in the world; since 2013, every race except one has had over 50,000 finishers.[1][2] From 1970 through 1975, the race was held entirely in Central Park, but since 1976, the course has started in Staten Island and goes through each of the city's five boroughs.[3] The race was canceled in 2012 due to Hurricane Sandy, which hit New York less than a week before the race had been scheduled to take place.[4] The race was also cancelled in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the city.[5] In total, 35 men and 30 women have won the open division of the New York City Marathon, while nine men and seven women have won the wheelchair division. The winners have represented 22 different countries: Americans have won the marathon the most, doing so on 32 occasions; Kenyans have won 26 times; and Norwegians 10 times.[6][7][8]

The New York City Marathon is the largest marathon in the world.

Gary Muhrcke won the first race in a time of 2:31:38. There were 127 entrants, of whom 55 finished – the only female starter, Nina Kuscsik, withdrew partway due to illness. The following year, Beth Bonner became the first female finisher, winning the race in 2:55:22:[9] a time that is officially credited as the first sub-3-hour marathon by a woman.[10] Grete Waitz, a Norwegian female runner, achieved three official world records at the race between 1978 and 1980.[11] Allison Roe and Alberto Salazar set world record times in the women's and men's races in 1981, but a later investigation found that the course was short, and their times do not stand as official world records,[12] though the New York City Marathon maintains them as course records.[13] Waitz dominated the women's marathon between 1978 and 1989, winning nine of the eleven races during that period: her nine wins are the most of any runner at the New York City Marathon. In the men's race, Bill Rodgers has won the most times, doing so in four consecutive years, from 1976 to 1979.[14] The current course records are held by Geoffrey Mutai, who set a time of 2:05:06 in the 2011 men's race, and Margaret Okayo, who set the women's record at 2:22:31 in 2003.[13]

A wheelchair race has been held since 2000, when 72 people finished: Kamel Ayari won the men's race, and Anh Nguyen Thi Xuan won the women's.[15][16] Among the wheelchair racers, Edith Hunkeler of Switzerland and Tatyana McFadden of the United States have the most victories, with five each. McFadden also holds the women's course record with a time of 1:43:04 set in 2015, while Kurt Fearnley of Australia holds the men's record with 1:29:22 set in 2006.[17]

Winners

Men's open division

Bill Rodgers won the race four times.
Rodgers Rop won the 2002 New York City Marathon.
Marílson Gomes dos Santos, who won the 2006 and 2008 New York City Marathons, is the first and only Brazilian to win the race.
Geoffrey Mutai won the 2011 New York City Marathon, and holds the current course record.
  Current course record
  Course record
  Short course
Winners: Men's open division[6][7]
Year Winner Country Time Notes
1970 Gary Muhrcke United States2:31:38Course record
1971 Norman Higgins United States2:22:54Course record
1972 Sheldon Karlin United States2:27:52
1973 Tom Fleming United States2:21:54Course record
1974 Norbert Sander United States2:26:30
1975 Tom Fleming United States2:19:27Course record, second victory
1976 Bill Rodgers United States2:10:10Course record
1977 Bill Rodgers United States2:11:28Second victory
1978 Bill Rodgers United States2:12:12Third victory
1979 Bill Rodgers United States2:11:42Fourth victory
1980 Alberto Salazar United States2:09:41Course record
1981 Alberto Salazar United States2:08:13Course record (course measured short), second victory
1982 Alberto Salazar United States2:09:29Third victory
1983 Rod Dixon New Zealand2:08:59
1984 Orlando Pizzolato Italy2:14:53
1985 Orlando Pizzolato Italy2:11:34Second victory
1986 Gianni Poli Italy2:11:06
1987 Ibrahim Hussein Kenya2:11:01
1988 Steve Jones United Kingdom2:08:20
1989 Juma Ikangaa Tanzania2:08:01Course record
1990 Douglas Wakiihuri Kenya2:12:39
1991 Salvador García Mexico2:09:28
1992 Willie Mtolo South Africa2:09:29
1993 Andrés Espinosa Mexico2:10:04
1994 Germán Silva Mexico2:11:21
1995 Germán Silva Mexico2:11:00Second victory
1996 Giacomo Leone Italy2:09:54
1997 John Kagwe Kenya2:08:12
1998 John Kagwe Kenya2:08:45Second victory
1999 Joseph Chebet Kenya2:09:14
2000 Abdelkader El Mouaziz Morocco2:10:09
2001 Tesfaye Jifar Ethiopia2:07:43Course record
2002 Rodgers Rop Kenya2:08:07
2003 Martin Lel Kenya2:10:30
2004 Hendrick Ramaala South Africa2:09:28
2005 Paul Tergat Kenya2:09:30
2006 Marílson Gomes dos Santos Brazil2:09:58
2007 Martin Lel Kenya2:09:04Second victory
2008 Marílson Gomes dos Santos Brazil2:08:43Second victory
2009 Meb Keflezighi United States2:09:15
2010 Gebregziabher Gebremariam Ethiopia2:08:14
2011 Geoffrey Mutai Kenya2:05:06Current course record
2012 Canceled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Geoffrey Mutai Kenya2:08:24Second victory
2014 Wilson Kipsang Kenya2:10:59
2015 Stanley Biwott Kenya2:10:34
2016 Ghirmay Ghebreslassie Eritrea2:07:51
2017 Geoffrey Kamworor Kenya2:10:53
2018 Lelisa Desisa Ethiopia2:05:59
2019 Geoffrey Kamworor Kenya2:08:13Second victory
2020 Kevin Quinn United Kingdom2:23:48Virtual event held due to the COVID-19 pandemic[5]

Women's open division

Paula Radcliffe won the 2004, 2007 and 2008 New York City Marathons.
Jeļena Prokopčuka, who won the 2005 and 2006 New York City Marathons, was the first and only Latvian runner to win in either division.
  World record
  Current course record
  Course record
  Short course
Winners: Women's open division[6][8]
Year Winner Country Time Notes
1970 No female finishers.
1971 Beth Bonner United States2:55:22World record
1972 Nina Kuscsik United States3:08:41
1973 Nina Kuscsik United States2:57:07Second victory
1974 Kathrine Switzer United States3:07:29
1975 Kim Merritt United States2:46:14Course record
1976 Miki Gorman United States2:39:11Course record
1977 Miki Gorman United States2:43:10Second victory
1978 Grete Waitz Norway2:32:30World record
1979 Grete Waitz Norway2:27:33World record, second victory
1980 Grete Waitz Norway2:25:42World record, third victory
1981 Allison Roe New Zealand2:25:29Course record (course measured short)
1982 Grete Waitz Norway2:27:14Fourth victory
1983 Grete Waitz Norway2:27:00Fifth victory
1984 Grete Waitz Norway2:29:30Sixth victory
1985 Grete Waitz Norway2:28:34Seventh victory
1986 Grete Waitz Norway2:28:06Eighth victory
1987 Priscilla Welch United Kingdom2:30:17
1988 Grete Waitz Norway2:28:07Ninth victory
1989 Ingrid Kristiansen Norway2:25:30
1990 Wanda Panfil Poland2:30:45
1991 Liz McColgan United Kingdom2:27:32
1992 Lisa Ondieki Australia2:24:40Course record
1993 Uta Pippig Germany2:26:24
1994 Tegla Loroupe Kenya2:27:37
1995 Tegla Loroupe Kenya2:28:06Second victory
1996 Anuța Cătună Romania2:28:18
1997 Franziska Rochat-Moser  Switzerland2:28:43
1998 Franca Fiacconi Italy2:25:17
1999 Adriana Fernández Mexico2:25:06
2000 Lyudmila Petrova Russia2:25:45
2001 Margaret Okayo Kenya2:24:21Course record
2002 Joyce Chepchumba Kenya2:25:56
2003 Margaret Okayo Kenya2:22:31Current course record, second victory
2004 Paula Radcliffe United Kingdom2:23:10
2005 Jeļena Prokopčuka Latvia2:24:41
2006 Jeļena Prokopčuka Latvia2:25:05Second victory
2007 Paula Radcliffe United Kingdom2:23:09Second victory
2008 Paula Radcliffe United Kingdom2:23:56Third victory
2009 Derartu Tulu Ethiopia2:28:52
2010 Edna Kiplagat Kenya2:28:20
2011 Firehiwot Dado Ethiopia2:23:15
2012 Canceled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Priscah Jeptoo Kenya2:25:07
2014 Mary Keitany Kenya2:25:07
2015 Mary Keitany Kenya2:24:25Second victory
2016 Mary Keitany Kenya2:24:26Third victory
2017 Shalane Flanagan United States2:26:53
2018 Mary Keitany Kenya2:22:48Fourth victory
2019 Joyciline Jepkosgei Kenya2:22:38
2020 Stephanie Bruce United States2:35:28Virtual event held due to the COVID-19 pandemic[5]

Men's wheelchair division

Kurt Fearnley won the race four times in a row from 2006 to 2009, and holds the current course record.
Masazumi Soejima won the race in 2011.
  Current course record
  Course record
  Short course
Winners: Men's wheelchair division[17][18]
Year Winner Country Time Notes
2000 Kamel Ayari Tunisia1:53:50
2001 Saúl Mendoza Mexico1:39:29Course record
2002 Krige Schabort South Africa1:38:27Course record
2003 Krige Schabort South Africa1:32:19Course record, second victory
2004 Saúl Mendoza Mexico1:33:16Second victory
2005 Ernst van Dyk South Africa1:31:11Course record
2006 Kurt Fearnley Australia1:29:22Course record
2007 Kurt Fearnley Australia1:33:58Second victory
2008 Kurt Fearnley Australia1:44:51Third victory
2009 Kurt Fearnley Australia1:35:58Fourth victory
2010 David Weir United Kingdom1:37:29
2011 Masazumi Soejima Japan1:31:41
2012 Canceled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Marcel Hug Switzerland1:40:14
2014 Kurt Fearnley Australia1:30:55Fifth victory, shortened 23.2 mile course[lower-alpha 1]
2015 Ernst van Dyk South Africa1:30:54Second victory
2016 Marcel Hug Switzerland1:35:44Second victory
2017 Marcel Hug Switzerland1:37:17Third victory
2018 Daniel Romanchuk United States1:36:21
2019 Daniel Romanchuk United States1:37:24Second victory
2020 Canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic[5]

Women's wheelchair division

Edith Hunkeler has won the women's wheelchair race five times, more than any other athlete.
Tatyana McFadden, who won the race four times, holds the current course record.
  Current course record
  Course record
  Short course
Winners: Women's wheelchair division[17][19]
Year Winner Country Time Notes
2000 Anh Nguyen Thi Xuan Vietnam2:46:47Course record
2001 Francesca Porcellato Italy2:08:51Course record
2002 Cheri Blauwet United States2:14:39
2003 Cheri Blauwet United States1:59:30Course record, second victory
2004 Edith Hunkeler Switzerland1:53:27Course record
2005 Edith Hunkeler Switzerland1:54:52Second victory
2006 Amanda McGrory United States1:54:19
2007 Edith Hunkeler Switzerland1:52:38Course record, third victory
2008 Edith Hunkeler Switzerland2:06:42Fourth victory
2009 Edith Hunkeler Switzerland1:58:15Fifth victory
2010 Tatyana McFadden United States2:02:22
2011 Amanda McGrory United States1:50:25Course record
2012 Canceled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013 Tatyana McFadden United States1:59:13Second victory
2014 Tatyana McFadden United States1:42:16Third victory, 23.2 mile course[lower-alpha 1]
2015 Tatyana McFadden United States1:43:04Course record, fourth victory
2016 Tatyana McFadden United States1:47:43Fifth victory
2017 Manuela Schär Switzerland1:48:09
2018 Manuela Schär Switzerland1:50:27Second victory
2019 Manuela Schär Switzerland1:44:20Third victory
2020 Canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic[5]

Victories by nationality

Country Open division Wheelchair division Total
Men's Women's Men's Women's
 United States 14 7 2 9 32
 Kenya 15 11 0 0 26
 Norway 0 10 0 0 10
  Switzerland 0 1 3 6 10
 Mexico 4 1 2 0 7
 United Kingdom 1 5 1 0 7
 Australia 0 1 5 0 6
 Italy 4 1 0 1 6
 South Africa 2 0 4 0 6
 Ethiopia 2 2 0 0 4
 Brazil 2 0 0 0 2
 Latvia 0 2 0 0 2
 New Zealand 1 1 0 0 2
 Eritrea 1 0 0 0 1
 Germany 0 1 0 0 1
 Morocco 1 0 0 0 1
 Poland 0 1 0 0 1
 Romania 0 1 0 0 1
 Russia 0 1 0 0 1
 Tanzania 1 0 0 0 1
 Tunisia 0 0 1 0 1
 Vietnam 0 0 0 1 1

Notes and references

Notes

  1. Due to strong winds in 2014, the wheelchair race start was moved to after the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, reducing the race distance to 23.2 miles.[13]

Citations

  1. "By the Numbers: 2019 TCS New York City Marathon Becomes World's Largest Marathon". Running USA. November 5, 2019. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  2. 2019 Media Guide, p. 108.
  3. Juva, Theresa; Monico, Nicolle (October 29, 2018). "The Making of Today's Iconic 5-Borough NYC Marathon". Podium Runner. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  4. "Hurricane Sandy: New York Marathon cancelled as city recovers". The Independent. November 3, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  5. "2020 TCS New York City Marathon Cancellation: Runner Resolution Options". TCS New York City Marathon. New York Road Runners. June 24, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  6. 2019 Media Guide, pp. 103–104, 113.
  7. "TCS New York City Marathon 2019: Finishers". New York Road Runners. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  8. "TCS New York City Marathon 2019: Finishers". New York Road Runners. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  9. 2019 Media Guide, p. 122.
  10. Menzies-Pike 2016, p. 195.
  11. Robinson, Roger (October 30, 2018). "40 Years Ago, Grete Waitz Changed Women's Running in NYC". Runner's World. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  12. Robb, Sharon (June 28, 1985). "Records fun while they last". Sun-Sentinel. Deerfield Beach, Florida. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  13. 2019 Media Guide, p. 113.
  14. 2019 Media Guide, pp. 103–104.
  15. 2019 Media Guide, p. 104.
  16. "TCS New York City Marathon 2000: Finishers (Wheelchair)". New York Road Runners. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  17. 2019 Media Guide, pp. 104, 113.
  18. "TCS New York City Marathon 2019: Finishers (Men's Wheelchair)". New York Road Runners. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  19. "TCS New York City Marathon 2019: Finishers (Women's Wheelchair)". New York Road Runners. Retrieved April 28, 2020.

Sources

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