List of state and union territory capitals in India

India is a country in southern Asia. With over 1.3 billion people, India is the second most populous country in the world after China. It is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories.[1] All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators. In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis.[2] Since then, their structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.

The legislatures of three states Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and of union territory Jammu and Kashmir meet in different capitals for their summer and winter sessions. Ladakh has both Leh and Kargil as its administrative capitals.

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located.

List

States
No. State Administrative / Executive

capital

Legislative capital Judicial capital Year of establishment Former capital
1 Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam[3] Amaravati[3] Kurnool[3] 1956 Hyderabad[lower-alpha 1](1956–2017)

Amaravati (2017-2020)

2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1987  
3 Assam Dispur Dispur Guwahati 1972 Shillong[lower-alpha 2] (1950–1972)
4 Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1950  
5 Chhattisgarh Naya Raipur [lower-alpha 3] Raipur Bilaspur 2000  
6 Goa Panaji [lower-alpha 4] Porvorim Mumbai 1987  
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1960 Ahmedabad (1960–1970)
8 Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla (Summer)
Dharamsala (Winter)[6]
Shimla  1971  
10 Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000  
11 Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1956  
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kochi 1956  
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956  
14 Maharashtra Mumbai[lower-alpha 5] Mumbai (Summer)

Nagpur  (Winter)

Mumbai 1960  
15 Manipur Imphal Imphal Imphal 1972  
16 Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Shillong 1972  
17 Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1987  
18 Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963  
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1950
20 Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966  
21 Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1950  
22 Sikkim Gangtok[lower-alpha 6] Gangtok Gangtok 1975  
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai[lower-alpha 7] Chennai Chennai 1956  
24 Telangana Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 2014  
25 Tripura Agartala Agartala Agartala 1972  
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Prayagraj 1950  
27 Uttarakhand Gairsain (Summer)

Dehradun (Winter)

Gairsain  (Summer)[8]
Dehradun (Winter)
Nainital 2000  
28 West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1950  
Union Territories
No. Union Territory Administrative / Executive

Capital

Legislative

Capital

Judicial Capital Year of establishment
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair - Kolkata 1956
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh - Chandigarh 1966
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman - Mumbai 2020
4 Delhi New Delhi New Delhi New Delhi 1956
5 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)

Jammu (Winter)

Srinagar (Summer)

Jammu (Winter)

Srinagar (Summer)

Jammu (Winter)

2019
6 Ladakh Leh (Summer)

Kargil (Winter)

- Srinagar (Summer)

Jammu (Winter)

2019
7 Lakshadweep Kavaratti - Kochi 1956
8 Puducherry Pondicherry Pondicherry Chennai 1951

Notes

  1. Hyderabad is de jure joint capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana until 2024.
  2. Shillong was the joint capital of Assam and Meghalaya until 1972.[4]
  3. Naya Raipur is planned to replace Raipur as the capital city of Chhattisgarh.
  4. Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.[5]
  5. Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that Bombay became the capital of Bombay State. Subsequently, Bombay State was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  6. Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.[7]
  7. Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Madras State in 1956. Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968.

Citations

  1. "Jammu and Kashmir bifurcated: India has one less state, gets two new UTs in J&K, Ladakh - India News". India Today. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  2. Sharma 2007, p. 49.
  3. "Andhra Governor gives nod to CM Jagan Mohan Reddy's three-capital plan". Livemint. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  4. Baruah 1999, p. xiii.
  5. Ring 1996, p. 288.
  6. "Dharamshala Declared Second Capital of Himachal". www.hillpost.in. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. Spate 1953, p. 200.
  8. "Gairsain Named Uttarakhand's New Summer Capital". Times of India. Retrieved 5 March 2020.

References

[[Category:Lists of capitals of country subdivisions|India, state and union territory capitals]

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