List of political parties in India
India has a multi-party system. The Election Commission of India (ECI) accords recognition to the national level and the state level political parties based upon objective criteria. A recognised political party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state-run television and radio, consultation in the setting of election dates, and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India.
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Registered Parties are upgraded as recognised National Party or State Party by the ECI if they meet the relevant criteria after a Lok Sabha or State legislative assembly election. The Recognised Party status is reviewed periodically by the ECI. If a political party fails to fulfill the criteria in the subsequent Lok Sabha or state legislative assembly election, they lose their status as a Recognised Party. In 2016, the ECI announced that such a review would take place after two consecutive elections instead of every election. Therefore, a political party shall retain the Recognised Party status even if they do not meet the criteria in the next election. However, if they fail to meet the criteria in the subsequent election following the next election, they would lose their status.
This listing is according to the 2019 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections. As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2698, with 8 national parties, 52 state parties and 2638 unrecognised parties.
All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.
- A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha from at least three different states.
- At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
- A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
|Name||Abbreviation||Ideology||Founded||Founder(s)||Party Leader [D]||Party symbol||Headquarters|
|All India Trinamool Congress[E]||AITC (popularly as TMC)||Socialism||1 January 1998||Kolkata office: 36G, Topsia Road, Kolkata-700039 |
Central office: 30B, Harish Chatterjee Street, Kolkata-700026
New Delhi office: 61, South Avenue, New Delhi-110011
|Bahujan Samaj Party||BSP||Social equality
|14 April 1984||
||12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP||
|6 April 1980||
||6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi House, New Delhi-110002 (Delhi)|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||Communism
|26 December 1925||
||Ajoy Bhavan, 15, Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||CPI(M)||Communism||7 November 1964||
||27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)|
|Indian National Congress||INC||Big Tent
||28 December 1885||
||24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)|
|National People's Party[E]||NPP||Tribal-Centrism||6 January 2013||
||M. G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal- 795001 (Manipur)|
|Nationalist Congress Party||NCP||Liberalism||10 June 1999||
||10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)|
A party recognised as a National party can be derecognised if it fails to maintain the criteria. For example, RJD received the status of recognised national level party in 2008, but was derecognised in 2010.
- A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to the state legislative assembly and win at least 2 seats in that state assembly.
- A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to Lok Sabha and win at least 1 seat in Lok Sabha.
- A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly, which ever is higher.
- A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
- Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state.
|Current leader(s)||Recognised in State/Union Territory||Symbol|
|Aam Aadmi Party||AAP||2012|
|All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||AIADMK||1972||
|All India Forward Bloc||AIFB||1939||
|All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen||AI MIM||1927|
|All India N.R. Congress||AINRC||2011||
|All India United Democratic Front||AIUDF||2004||
|All Jharkhand Students Union||AJSU||1986||
|Asom Gana Parishad||AGP||1985||
|Biju Janata Dal||BJD||1997|
|Bodoland People's Front||BPF||1985||
|Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation||CPI(ML)L||1974||
|Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam||DMDK||2006||
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||DMK||1949||
|Goa Forward Party||GFP||2016||
|Hill State People's Democratic Party||HSPDP||1968|
|Indian National Lok Dal||INLD||1999||
|Indian Union Muslim League||IUML||1948||
|Indigenous People's Front of Tripura||IPFT||2009||
|Jammu & Kashmir National Conference||JKNC||1932||
|Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party||JKNPP||1982||
|Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party||JKPDP||1998||
|Janta Congress Chhattisgarh||JCC||2016||
||Farmer Ploughing (within square farm)|
|Janata Dal (Secular)||JD(S)||1999||
|Janata Dal (United)||JD(U)||1999||
|Jannayak Janta Party||JJP||2018||
|Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||JMM||1972||
|Kerala Congress (M)||KC(M)||1979||
|Lok Janshakti Party||LJP||2000||
|Maharashtra Navnirman Sena||MNS||2006||
|Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party||MGP||1963||
|Mizo National Front||MNF||1959||
|Mizoram People's Conference||MPC||1972||
|Naga People's Front||NPF||2002||
|Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party||NDPP||2018||
|Pattali Makkal Katchi||PMK||1989||
|People's Democratic Alliance||PDA||2012||
|People's Democratic Front||2017||
|People's Party of Arunachal||PPA||1987||
|Rashtriya Janata Dal||RJD||1997||
|Rashtriya Lok Dal||RLD||1998||
|Rashtriya Loktantrik Party||RLP||2018||
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||RSP||1940||
|Shiromani Akali Dal||SAD||1920||
|Sikkim Democratic Front||SDF||1993||
|Sikkim Krantikari Morcha||SKM||2013||
|Telangana Rashtra Samithi||TRS||2001||
|Telugu Desam Party||TDP||1982|
|United Democratic Party||UDP||1972||
|Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party||YSRCP||2011|
|Zoram People's Movement||ZPM||2017||
|Revolutionary Communist Party of India||RCPI||1934||Saumyendranath Tagore|
|Samata Party||SAP||1994||Uday Mandal|
|Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League||ABGL||1943||Bharati Tamang|
|Naam Tamilar Katchi||NTK||1958||Senthamizhan Seeman|
|Plurals Party||PP||2020||Pushpam Priya Choudhary|
|United Goans Party||UGP||1963||Jack de Sequeira|
|Manipur Peoples Party||MPP||1968||Sovakiran N.|
|Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi||VCK||1972||Thol. Thirumavalavan|
|Socialist Republican Party (Kerala)||SRP||1977||O V Sreedath|
|Uttarakhand Kranti Dal||UKD||1979||Kashi Singh Airy|
|Gorkha National Liberation Front||GNLF||1980||Subhash Ghisingh|
|Amra Bangali||AMB||1983||Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar|
|Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh||BMSM||1983||Sundar Shaekhar|
|Kerala Congress (B)||KC(B)||1989||R. Balakrishna Pillai|
|Gondwana Ganatantra Party||GGP||1991||Hira Singh Markam|
|Kerala Congress (Jacob)||KC(J)||1991||Anoop Jacob|
|Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||MDMK||1992||Vaiko|
|Puthiya Tamilagam||PTK||1996||K. Krishnasamy|
|Tamil Maanila Congress||TMC(M)||1996||G. K. Vasan|
|Kongunadu Makkal Katchi||KMK||2000||A. M. Raja|
|Ittehad-e-Millat Council||IEMC||2001||Tauqeer Raza Khan|
|People's Democratic Front||2001||Ajoy Biswas|
|Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai||KIP||2001||U. Thaniyarasu|
|Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party||SBSP||2002||Om Prakash Rajbhar|
|Rashtriya Samaj Paksha||RSP||2003||Mahadev Jankar|
|Lok Satta Party||LSP||2006||Jaya Prakash Narayana|
|Gorkha Janmukti Morcha||GJM||2007||Bimal Gurung|
|Peace Party of India||PECP||2008||Mohamed Ayub|
|Rashtriya Ulama Council||RUC||2008||Aamir Rashadi Madni|
|Manithaneya Makkal Katchi||MMK||2009||M. H. Jawahirullah|
|Social Democratic Party of India||SDPI||2009||M. K. Faizy|
|Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi||IJK||2010||T.R. Pachamuthu|
|Quami Ekta Dal||QED||2010||Mukhtar Ansari|
|Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic||SJDD||2010||Devendra Prasad Yadav|
|Hindu Sena||HS||2011||Vishnu Gupta|
|Welfare Party of India||WPI||2011||S. Q. R. Ilyas|
|Bahujan Mukti Party||BMP||2012||V. L. Matang|
|Indian Gandhiyan Party||IGP||2012||Aashin U S|
|Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi||KMDK||2013||E. R. Eswaran|
|Odisha Janmorcha||OJM||2013||Pyarimohan Mohapatra|
|Jana Sena Party||JSP||2014||Pawan Kalyan|
|Param Digvijay Dal||PDD||2014||Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi|
|All India Hindustan Congress Party||AIHCP||2015||Buddh Prakash Sharma|
|Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik||JAP||2015||Pappu Yadav|
|Jan Shakti Party of India||JSPI||2015||Gurjeet Singh Azad|
|Hindustani Awam Morcha||HAM||2015||Jitan Ram Manjhi|
|Apna Dal (Sonelal)||AD(S)||2016||Anupriya Patel|
|Goa Suraksha Manch||GSM||2016||Subhash Velingkar|
|NISHAD Party||NISHAD||2016||Sanjay Nishad|
|Swaraj India||SI||2016||Yogendra Yadav|
|All India Mahila Empowerment Party||AIMEP||2017||Nowhera Shaik|
|Amma Makkal Munnettra Kazagam||AMMK||2018||T. T. V. Dhinakaran|
|Jansatta Dal Loktantrik||JSD (L)||2018||Raghuraj Pratap Singh|
|Loktantrik Janata Dal||LJD||2018||Sharad Yadav|
|Makkal Needhi Maiam||MNM||2018||Kamal Haasan|
|Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya)||PSP(L)||2018||Shivpal Singh Yadav|
|Shiromani Akali Dal (Taksali)||SAD(T)||2018||Ranjit Singh Brahmpura|
|Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi||VBA||2018||Prakash Ambedkar|
|Vikassheel Insaan Party||VIP||2018||Mukesh Sahani|
|Lok Insaaf Party||LIP||2019||Simarjit Singh Bains|
|Nawan Punjab Party||NPP||2019||Dharamvir Gandhi|
|Punjab Ekta Party||PEP||2019||Sukhpal Singh Khaira|
|Azad Samaj Party||ASP||2020||Chandrashekhar Azad Ravan|
|Jammu and Kashmir Apni Party||JKAP||2020||Altaf Bukhari|
|Jammu and Kashmir Workers Party||JKWP||2020||Mir Junaid|
|Raijor Dol||RD||2020||Akhil Gogoi|
|Rashtriya Jan Jan Party||RJJP||2020||Ashutosh Kumar|
|Shiromani Akali Dal (Democratic)||SAD(D)||2020||Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa|
|Indian Secular Front||ISF||2021||Nawsad Siddique|
- List of political parties
- A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.
- B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
- C In addition to those included, the total is 1,761.
- D Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.
- E Recently Trinamool Congress and National People's Party were also recognised as National parties by the Election commission of India.
- "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Amendment of Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968- revised Para 6C relating to Conditions for continued recognition as a National or State Party". Election Commission of India. 22 August 2016.
- "EC to review status of State and national parties every 10 years". Business Line. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2021.
- "List of Political Parties & Symbol MAIN Notification". Election Commission of India. 15 March 2019.
- "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 15 March 2019". Election Commission of India. 1 April 2019.
- "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Recognised Parties and Symbols & List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 1 April 2019". Election Commission of India. 25 September 2019.
- "Amending notification regarding political parties and their eletion symbol dated 10.01.2020". Election Commission of India. 15 January 2020.
- "Merger of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), a recognized State Party in the State of Jharkhand with the Bharatiya Janata Party". Election Commission of India. 6 March 2020.
- "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
- "When is a Political Party recognized as a National or State Party?". FACTLY. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- "Recognition of All India Trinamool Congress as National Party". eci.gov.in. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Amending notification regarding political parties and their election symbols dated 25.09.2019". eci.gov.in. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- Jain, Bharti (16 September 2019). "'National party' status of NCP, TMC and CPI to stay for now | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "RJD gets 'national' tag - India - The Times of India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Balaji, J. (30 July 2010). "RJD-derecognised-as-national-party". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Contact Us". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
- "महंगाई व बेरोजगारी के खिलाफ किया प्रदर्शन". www.livehindustan.com. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
- "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
- "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
- "Names of National State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 February 2017.
- Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
- Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.
- Political Parties, Democratic Politics II, Textbook in Political Science for Class X, NCERT