List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities cover 29.6% of the province's land mass and were home to 72% of its population in 2016.[2][3][lower-alpha 1] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning.[4] The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.[5]

A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island are cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities.[6] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act (MGA), which came into force on December 23, 2017,[7] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Fisheries and Communities, the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality.[4] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met.[4] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of Fisheries and Communities that it would be in the public interest.[4] The province's lone resort municipality – the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico – was established by order in council in 1990.[6] The 2017 MGA prevents creation of any new resort municipalities.[6]

Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty rural municipalities and one resort municipality,[3][6] which are distributed across three counties Kings, Prince and Queens. Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest municipality by population while Belfast is the largest municipality by land area.[2] The smallest municipalities by population and land area are Tignish Shore and St. Louis respectively.[2]

Municipalities

Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Cities

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a city if it has an estimated population of 15,000 or more and a total property assessment value of $750 million or more.[4][6] Should a city no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.[4]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.[3] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 36,094 residents and by land area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi).[2] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or 49% of the island's population.[8] The province's second city is Summerside, which is located on the west side of the island. It has a population of 14,829 and a land area of 28.49 km2 (11.00 sq mi).[2] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables cities to elect a mayor and a minimum of eight councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Towns

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population of 4,000 or more but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value of $200 million or more, but is less than $750 million.[4][6] Should a town no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.[4]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities,[3] which had a cumulative population of 28,905 in the 2016 census.[2] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 9,706 and 607 respectively.[2] Three Rivers is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 148.37 km2 (57.29 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi).[2] Three Rivers is also the province's newest town, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.[10] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables towns to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Rural municipalities

Under the province's MGA, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act, which originally came into force in 1983,[11] were carried forward as rural municipalities.[4][6][lower-alpha 2] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017,[13] and then the MGA coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017,[7] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities.[3][6] On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50.[10] As of the 2016 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are North Shore and Tignish Shore with populations of 2,152 and 57 respectively.[2][3][14] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables rural municipalities to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9]

Resort municipalities

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.[4] The province's MGA allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future.[4][6] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables the province's lone resort municipality to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors.[6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.[9] If the population of the lone resort municipality reaches 2,000 electors, it may be incorporated as a different type of municipality pursuant to the MGA.[4]

List

List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island
Name County Municipal
status[3][6]
Incorporation
year[15]
2016 Census of Population
Population
(2016)[2][3]
Population
(2011)[2][16]
Change Land area
(km²)[2][3]
Population
density
(ppl/km²)[2]
CharlottetownQueensCity1855[17][lower-alpha 3]36,094 34,562 +4.4%44.34814.0
SummersidePrinceCity1877[lower-alpha 4]14,829 14,751 +0.5%28.49520.5
AlbertonPrinceTown19131,145 1,135 +0.9%4.52253.3
Borden-CarletonPrinceTown1995[lower-alpha 5]724 750 −3.5%12.9955.7
CornwallQueensTown19955,348 5,162 +3.6%28.19189.7
KensingtonPrinceTown19141,619 1,513 +7.0%3.01537.9
North RusticoQueensTown1954[lower-alpha 6]607 583 +4.1%2.41251.9
O'LearyPrinceTown1951[lower-alpha 7]815 812 +0.4%1.68485.1
SourisKingsTown19101,053 1,173 −10.2%3.47303.5
StratfordQueensTown19959,706 8,574 +13.2%22.53430.8
Three RiversKingsTown[10]20187,169[14][lower-alpha 8] 4,707[lower-alpha 9] +52.3%148.3731.7
TignishPrinceTown[22]1952[lower-alpha 10]719 779 −7.7%5.87122.5
Abram-VillagePrinceRural municipality1974272 267 +1.9%1.26215.9
AftonQueensRural municipality19741,291 1,222 +5.6%39.832.4
AlexandraQueensRural municipality1972221 224 −1.3%10.421.3
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe BayKingsRural municipality1975211 262 −19.5%31.86.6
Bedeque and AreaPrinceRural municipality2014302 310 −2.6%2.53119.4
BelfastQueensRural municipality19721,670 1,637 +2.0%229.67.3
BonshawQueensRural municipality1977187 218 −14.2%14.013.4
BrackleyQueensRural municipality1983[lower-alpha 11]596 561 +6.2%18.3832.4
BreadalbaneQueensRural municipality1991167 173 −3.5%12.5513.3
Central KingsKingsRural municipality1975339 329 +3.0%73.74.6
Central PrincePrinceRural municipality[10]20181,054[14][lower-alpha 12] 1,162 −9.3%133.28.3
Clyde RiverQueensRural municipality1974653 576 +13.4%16.5239.5
CrapaudQueensRural municipality1950319 345 −7.5%2.15148.4
DarlingtonQueensRural municipality198391 109 −16.5%7.711.8
Eastern KingsKingsRural municipality1974709 702 +1.0%141.05.0
Greenmount-MontrosePrinceRural municipality1977266 258 +3.1%25.810.3
HampshireQueensRural municipality1974335 420 −20.2%13.624.6
HazelbrookQueensRural municipality1974183 172 +6.4%8.122.6
Hunter RiverQueensRural municipality1974356 294 +21.1%5.9759.6
KingstonQueensRural municipality19741,096 794 +38.0%48.022.8
KinkoraPrinceRural municipality1955336 339 −0.9%3.8288.0
LinkletterPrinceRural municipality1972310 320 −3.1%9.0834.1
Lot 11 and AreaPrinceRural municipality1982613 635 −3.5%101.46.0
Malpeque BayQueensRural municipality19731,030 1,029 +0.1%96.710.7
MeadowbankQueensRural municipality1974355 338 +5.0%9.2938.2
Miltonvale ParkQueensRural municipality19741,148 1,153 −0.4%35.4532.4
MiminegashPrinceRural municipality1968148 173 −14.5%1.9077.9
MiscouchePrinceRural municipality1957873 869 +0.5%3.45253.0
MorellKingsRural municipality1953297 313 −5.1%1.46203.4
Mount StewartQueensRural municipality1953209 225 −7.1%1.22171.3
Murray HarbourKingsRural municipality1953258 320 −19.4%3.8966.3
Murray RiverKingsRural municipality1955304 334 −9.0%1.47206.8
New Haven-RiverdaleQueensRural municipality1974520 485 +7.2%21.724.0
North ShoreQueensRural municipality19742,152[14][lower-alpha 13] 1,901 +13.2%71.429.1
North WiltshireQueensRural municipality1974189 182 +3.8%12.315.4
NorthportPrinceRural municipality1974186 188 −1.1%1.8103.3
SherbrookePrinceRural municipality1972159 172 −7.6%8.8518.0
Souris WestKingsRural municipality1972356 399 −10.8%7.751.8
St. FelixPrinceRural municipality1977333 348 −4.3%11.429.2
St. LouisPrinceRural municipality196466 51 +29.4%0.62106.5
St. NicholasPrinceRural municipality1991211 198 +6.6%20.610.2
St. Peters BayKingsRural municipality1953237 253 −6.3%4.2755.5
Tignish ShorePrinceRural municipality197557 73 −21.9%1.538.0
Tyne ValleyPrinceRural municipality1966249 222 +12.2%1.72144.8
Union RoadQueensRural municipality1977204 235 −13.2%9.9720.5
VictoriaQueensRural municipality195174 104 −28.8%1.4650.7
Warren GroveQueensRural municipality1985356 367 −3.0%10.1835.0
WellingtonPrinceRural municipality1959415 409 +1.5%1.78233.1
West RiverQueensRural municipality1974801 741 +8.1%34.823.0
YorkQueensRural municipality1986408 284 +43.7%12.432.9
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico[lower-alpha 14]QueensResort municipality1990328 266 +23.3%37.798.7
Total cities 50,923 49,313 +3.3% 72.83 699.2
Total towns 28,905 25,188 +14.8% 233.04 124.0
Total rural municipalities 23,172 22,695 +2.1% 1,250.02 17.3
Total resort municipalities 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7
Total municipalities 103,328 97,462 +6.0% 1,683.10 61.4
Province of Prince Edward Island 142,907 140,204 +1.9% 5,686.03 25.1

See also

  • History of Prince Edward Island
  • List of census agglomerations in Atlantic Canada
  • List of population centres in Prince Edward Island

Notes

  1. The remaining 28% of Prince Edward Island's population resides in unincorporated areas or on Indian reserves.[2][3]
  2. Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees.[12]
  3. On April 1, 1995, the Charlottetown Area Municipalities Act amalgamated the Town of Parkdale and the adjacent incorporated communities of East Royalty, Hillsborough Park, Sherwood, West Royalty, and Winsloe with the City of Charlottetown.[17]
  4. Summerside incorporated as a city on April 1, 1995 upon amalgamating with the incorporated communities of St. Eleanors and Wilmot.[18]
  5. Borden-Carlton, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012.[19]
  6. North Rustico, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013.[20]
  7. O'Leary, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014.[21]
  8. The 2016 population of Three Rivers is the post-amalgamation sum of the population counts associated with two former towns (Georgetown and Montague) five former rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), two unincorporated fire districts (Cardigan and Georgetown), and a portion of a third fire district (Montague).[14]
  9. The 2011 population of Three Rivers is only of those portions that were incorporated as different municipalities prior to the 2018 amalgamation. The population of those portions that were unincorporated prior to the 2018 amalgamation is therefore excluded.
  10. Tignish, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on April 1, 2017.[22]
  11. Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017.[13] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986.[23]
  12. The 2016 and 2011 population counts of Central Prince are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with two former rural municipalities (Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper).[14]
  13. The 2016 and 2011 population counts of North Shore are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with three former rural municipalities (Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove).[14]
  14. Official legal name is the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.[4]

References

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island: Communities, Land and Environment. September 18, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  4. "Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. November 28, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 30, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  5. "Canada – Prince Edward Island Agreement Municipal Strategic Component 2014 - 2019 Guidelines and Criteria" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. March 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  6. "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. January 6, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  7. "EC2017747: Municipal Government Act Proclamation" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. p. 414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  8. "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlottetown [Census agglomeration], Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2017. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  9. "Municipal Elections and By-Elections". Government of Prince Edward Island. June 5, 2018. Archived from the original on March 7, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  10. "EC2018584, EC2018585 and EC2018586" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island Executive Council. September 25, 2018. pp. 321–327. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  11. "Municipal Government Act and Regulations". Government of Prince Edward Island. May 29, 2020. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  12. "Municipalities Act". Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. December 15, 2016. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  13. "EC2017746: Municipalities Act (Community of Brackley and Community of Winsloe South Amalgamation)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. pp. 413–414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  14. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: Up to January 1st, 2019" (PDF). Statistics Canada. November 13, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  15. "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  16. "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island: Communities, Land and Environment. January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 26, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  17. "PlaceFinder Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  18. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status and Names: January 2, 1991 to January 1, 1996" (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 1997. p. 45. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  19. "EC2012443: Municipalities Act (Community of Borden-Carleton Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 261. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  20. "EC2013782: Municipalities Act (Community of North Rustico Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 532. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  21. "EC2014142: Municipalities Act (Community of O'Leary Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. March 11, 2014. p. 72. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  22. Kevin Yarr (March 29, 2017). "Tignish to become a town". CBC. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  23. "PlaceFinder: Winsloe South, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Archived from the original on October 29, 2018. Retrieved December 29, 2017.

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