List of municipalities in Ontario

Ontario is the most populous province in Canada with 13,448,494 residents as of 2016 and is third-largest in land area[lower-alpha 1] at 908,699 km2 (350,851 sq mi).[2] Ontario's 444 municipalities[3] cover only 17% of the province's land mass yet are home to 99% of its population.[4] These municipalities provide local or regional municipal government services within either a single-tier or shared two-tier municipal structure.[5]

Location of Ontario in Canada
Municipalities account for 17% of Ontario's total land area. Unincorporated areas encompass the remaining 83%.

A municipality in Ontario is "a geographic area whose inhabitants are incorporated" according to the Municipal Act, 2001.[6] Ontario's three municipality types include upper and lower-tier municipalities within the two-tier structure, and single-tier municipalities (unitary authorities) that are exempt from the two-tier structure.[5] Single and lower-tier municipalities are grouped together as local municipalities.[6] Of Ontario's 444 municipalities, 30 of them are upper-tier municipalities and 414 are local municipalities—241 lower-tier municipalities and 173 single-tier municipalities.

The Municipal Act, 2001 is the legislation that enables incorporation and stipulates governance of Ontario's municipalities, excluding the City of Toronto, which is subject to the City of Toronto Act, 2006.[7] The Municipal Act, 2001 provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to incorporate as cities, towns, villages, townships, or generically as municipalities.[5][8] There are no minimum population thresholds or other requirements for these municipal sub-types. A municipality can change its status to any of these so long as its resulting name is not being used by another municipality.[9] For upper-tier municipalities, the act provides them with the authority to incorporate as counties, regions and district municipalities.[5][8]

Ontario's largest municipality by population is the City of Toronto with 2,731,571 residents, while the largest by land area is the City of Greater Sudbury at 3,228.35 km2 (1,246.47 sq mi).[4] The City of Ottawa, Canada's capital city, is the province's second-most populous municipality with 934,243 residents.[4] Ontario's smallest municipality by population is the Township of Cockburn Island with 0 residents,[lower-alpha 2] while the smallest by land area is the Village of Westport at 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi).[4] The first community to incorporate as a municipality in Ontario was Brockville in 1832.[11]

Upper-tier municipalities

Ontario's upper-tier municipalities represent 30 of its 49 census divisions.

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines upper-municipality as "a municipality of which two or more lower-tier municipalities form part for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 30 upper-tier municipalities that comprise multiple lower-tier municipalities,[8] which have a total population of 6,622,900, a total land area of 87,449.74 km2 (33,764.53 sq mi). These upper-tier municipalities include 19 counties, 3 united counties and 8 regional municipalities[lower-alpha 3] or regions, all of which represent 30 of Ontario's 49 census divisions.[6][12] Regional governments are responsible for arterial roads, health services, policing, region-wide land use planning and development, sewer and water systems, social services, transit, and waste disposal, whereas county governments have the lesser responsibilities of arterial roads, county land use planning, health services, and social services.[8]

List of upper-tier municipalities in Ontario
Name[13] Municipal
sub-type[6]
2016 Census of Population[12]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Bruce[lower-alpha 4]County66,491 64,709 +2.8%3984.8216.7/km2
DufferinCounty61,735 56,881 +8.5%1,486.4441.5/km2
Durham[lower-alpha 5]Regional municipality645,731 608,031 +6.2%2521.23256.1/km2
Elgin[lower-alpha 6]County50,069 49,556 +1.0%1,845.427.1/km2
Essex[lower-alpha 7]County181,530 177,720 +2.1%1,662.73109.2/km2
Frontenac[lower-alpha 8]County26,677 26,390 +1.1%3,336.578.0/km2
GreyCounty93,830 92,568 +1.4%4,513.5020.8/km2
HaliburtonCounty18,062 17,056 +5.9%4,076.084.4/km2
HaltonRegional municipality548,435 501,674 +9.3%964.05568.9/km2
Hastings[lower-alpha 9]County39,628 39,888 −0.7%5,291.597.5/km2
HuronCounty59,297 59,100 +0.3%3,399.2717.4/km2
Lambton[lower-alpha 10]County123,399 124,623 −1.0%2,842.9443.4/km2
Lanark[lower-alpha 11]County59,918 56,689 +5.7%3,025.9819.8/km2
Leeds and Grenville[lower-alpha 12]United counties69,819 67,958 +2.7%3,350.0820.8/km2
Lennox and AddingtonCounty42,888 41,809 +2.6%2,839.6815.1/km2
Middlesex[lower-alpha 13]County71,551 70,796 +1.1%2,821.0225.4/km2
Muskoka[lower-alpha 14]Regional municipality[lower-alpha 3]60,391 57,807 +4.5%3,877.3815.6/km2
NiagaraRegional municipality447,888 431,346 +3.8%1,854.23241.5/km2
Northumberland[lower-alpha 15]County85,103 81,657 +4.2%1,892.5645.0/km2
OxfordRegional municipality[lower-alpha 3]110,862 105,719 +4.9%2,039.6154.4/km2
PeelRegional municipality1,381,739 1,296,809 +6.5%1,246.951,108.1/km2
Perth[lower-alpha 16]County38,066 37,554 +1.4%2,177.7917.5/km2
Peterborough[lower-alpha 17]County55,783 54,786 +1.8%3,769.1814.8/km2
Prescott and RussellUnited counties89,333 85,381 +4.6%2,004.4744.6/km2
Renfrew[lower-alpha 18]County88,072 86,534 +1.8%7,426.211.9/km2
Simcoe[lower-alpha 19]County305,516 277,262 +10.2%4,273.6971.5/km2
Stormont, Dundas
and Glengarry[lower-alpha 20]
United counties65,353 64,824 +0.8%3,236.4520.2/km2
WaterlooRegional municipality535,154 507,096 +5.5%1,368.92390.9/km2
Wellington[lower-alpha 21]County90,932 86,672 +4.9%2,573.3535.3/km2
York[lower-alpha 22]Regional municipality1,109,648 1,032,249 +7.5%1,747.58635.0/km2
Total upper-tier municipalities 6,622,900 6,261,144 +5.8% 87,449.74 75.7/km2
Province of Ontario 13,448,494 12,851,821 +4.6% 908,699.33 14.8/km2

Local municipalities

Distribution of Ontario's 173 single-tier and 241 lower-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines local municipality as "a single-tier municipality or a lower-tier municipality".[6] Combined, Ontario has 414 local municipalities comprising 173 single-tier municipalities and 241 lower-tier municipalities. The 414 local municipalities have a total population of 13,357,197, a total land area of 155,673 km2 (60,106 sq mi). These totals represent 99.3% of Ontario's population and 17.1% of its land area.

Single-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a single-tier municipality as "a municipality, other than an upper-tier municipality, that does not form part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] In southern Ontario, single-tier municipalities are either politically separate from but geographically within neighbouring counties or were formed through the amalgamation of upper-tier and lower-tier municipalities. All municipalities in northern Ontario are single-tier municipalities as upper-tier municipalities are not present. Single-tier municipalities provide for all local government services.[8] Ontario has 173 single-tier municipalities comprising 32 cities, 23 municipalities, 28 towns, 85 townships, and 5 villages.

Lower-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a lower-tier municipality as "a municipality that forms part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 241 lower-tier municipalities comprising 19 cities, 41 municipalities, 61 towns, 114 townships and 6 villages.[8] Within regions, they are responsible for providing certain local services that are not provided by the regional municipality.[8] Within counties, they are responsible for providing a wider range of local services since counties as upper-tier municipalities provide fewer local services than regions.[8]

List of local municipalities

List of local municipalities in Ontario
Name[13] Municipal
status[13]
Census
subdivision
type[4]
Census
division
[33][34][35]
2016 Census of Population[4]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Addington HighlandsLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington2,323 2,517 −7.7%1,328.321.7/km2
Adelaide-MetcalfeLower-tierTownshipMiddlesex2,990 3,028 −1.3%331.469.0/km2
Adjala-TosorontioLower-tierTownshipSimcoe10,975 10,603 +3.5%372.3429.5/km2
Admaston/BromleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,935 2,844 +3.2%524.065.6/km2
AjaxLower-tierTownDurham119,677 109,600 +9.2%67.001,786.2/km2
AlbertonSingle-tierTownshipRainy River969 864 +12.2%116.668.3/km2
Alfred and PlantagenetLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell9,680 9,196 +5.3%392.3124.7/km2
Algonquin HighlandsLower-tierTownshipHaliburton2,351 2,186 +7.5%1,007.202.3/km2
Alnwick/HaldimandLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland6,869 6,617 +3.8%398.4517.2/km2
AmaranthLower-tierTownshipDufferin4,079 3,963 +2.9%264.5815.4/km2
AmherstburgLower-tierTownEssex21,936 21,556 +1.8%185.61118.2/km2
ArchipelagoThe ArchipelagoSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound531 566 −6.2%606.140.9/km2
ArmourSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,414 1,372 +3.1%164.648.6/km2
ArmstrongSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming1,166 1,216 −4.1%90.2012.9/km2
ArnpriorLower-tierTownRenfrew8,795 8,114 +8.4%13.07672.9/km2
Arran-ElderslieLower-tierMunicipalityBruce6,803 6,810 −0.1%460.0714.8/km2
Ashfield-Colborne-WawanoshLower-tierTownshipHuron5,422 5,582 −2.9%586.979.2/km2
Asphodel-NorwoodLower-tierTownshipPeterborough4,109 4,041 +1.7%161.0225.5/km2
AssiginackSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin1,013 960 +5.5%226.724.5/km2
AthensLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville3,013 3,118 −3.4%127.8823.6/km2
AtikokanSingle-tierTownRainy River2,753 2,787 −1.2%319.528.6/km2
AugustaLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville7,353 7,430 −1.0%314.6623.4/km2
AuroraLower-tierTownYork55,445 53,203 +4.2%49.851,112.2/km2
AylmerLower-tierTownElgin7,492 7,151 +4.8%6.261,196.8/km2
BaldwinSingle-tierTownshipSudbury605[36] 551 +9.8%83.207.3/km2
BancroftLower-tierTownHastings3,881 3,880 0.0%229.5116.9/km2
BarrieSingle-tierCitySimcoe141,434 136,063 +3.9%99.041,428.0/km2
BayhamLower-tierMunicipalityElgin7,396 6,989 +5.8%244.9730.2/km2
BeckwithLower-tierTownshipLanark7,644 6,986 +9.4%240.4731.8/km2
BellevilleSingle-tierCityHastings50,716 49,454 +2.6%247.25205.1/km2
BillingsSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin603 506 +19.2%209.642.9/km2
Black River-MathesonSingle-tierTownshipCochrane2,438 2,410 +1.2%1,163.452.1/km2
Blandford-BlenheimLower-tierTownshipOxford7,399 7,359 +0.5%382.3319.4/km2
Blind RiverSingle-tierTownAlgoma3,472 3,549 −2.2%525.656.6/km2
Blue MountainsThe Blue MountainsLower-tierTownGrey7,025 6,453 +8.9%287.2424.5/km2
BluewaterLower-tierMunicipalityHuron7,136 7,044 +1.3%417.0017.1/km2
BonfieldSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,975 2,016 −2.0%208.389.5/km2
Bonnechere ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew3,674 3,763 −2.4%593.756.2/km2
BracebridgeLower-tierTownMuskoka16,010 15,414 +3.9%628.2225.5/km2
Bradford West GwillimburyLower-tierTownSimcoe35,325 28,077 +25.8%201.04175.7/km2
BramptonLower-tierCityPeel593,638 523,906 +13.3%266.362,228.7/km2
BrantSingle-tierCityBrant36,707 35,638 +3.0%843.2543.5/km2
BrantfordSingle-tierCityBrant97,496 93,650 +4.1%72.441,345.9/km2
BrethourSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming97 129 −24.8%82.081.2/km2
BrightonLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland11,844 10,928 +8.4%222.7153.2/km2
BrockLower-tierTownshipDurham11,642 11,341 +2.7%423.3427.5/km2
BrocktonLower-tierMunicipalityBruce9,461 9,432 +0.3%565.1816.7/km2
BrockvilleSingle-tierCityLeeds and Grenville21,346 21,870 −2.4%20.851,023.8/km2
Brooke-AlvinstonLower-tierMunicipalityLambton2,411 2,548 −5.4%311.317.7/km2
Bruce MinesSingle-tierTownAlgoma582 566 +2.8%6.2293.6/km2
Brudenell, Lyndoch and RaglanLower-tierTownshipRenfrew1,503 1,658 −9.3%706.242.1/km2
Burk's FallsSingle-tierVillageParry Sound981 967 +1.4%3.07319.5/km2
BurlingtonLower-tierCityHalton183,314 175,779 +4.3%185.66987.4/km2
Burpee and MillsSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin343 308 +11.4%218.491.6/km2
CaledonLower-tierTownPeel66,502 59,460 +11.8%688.1696.6/km2
CallanderSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound3,863 3,864 0.0%105.9836.5/km2
CalvinSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing516 568 −9.2%140.983.7/km2
CambridgeLower-tierCityWaterloo129,920 126,748 +2.5%113.011,149.6/km2
Carleton PlaceLower-tierTownLanark10,644 9,809 +8.5%9.051,176.1/km2
CarlingSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,125 1,248 −9.9%248.854.5/km2
Carlow/MayoLower-tierTownshipHastings864 892 −3.1%390.792.2/km2
CaseySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming368 374 −1.6%80.864.6/km2
CasselmanLower-tierVillagePrescott and Russell3,548 3,626 −2.2%5.12693.0/km2
Cavan-MonaghanLower-tierTownshipPeterborough8,829 8,601 +2.7%306.3328.8/km2
Central ElginLower-tierMunicipalityElgin12,607 12,743 −1.1%280.3345.0/km2
Central FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac4,373 4,556 −4.0%1,025.204.3/km2
Central HuronLower-tierMunicipalityHuron7,576 7,586 −0.1%449.5816.9/km2
Central ManitoulinSingle-tierMunicipalityManitoulin2,084 1,958 +6.4%431.114.8/km2
Centre HastingsLower-tierMunicipalityHastings4,774 4,574 +4.4%222.8621.4/km2
Centre WellingtonLower-tierTownshipWellington28,191 26,693 +5.6%407.5469.2/km2
ChamberlainSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming332 297 +11.8%110.593.0/km2
ChamplainLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell8,706 8,573 +1.6%207.2742.0/km2
ChapleauSingle-tierTownshipSudbury1,964 2,116 −7.2%14.22138.1/km2
ChappleSingle-tierTownshipRainy River638 741 −13.9%527.941.2/km2
Charlton and DackSingle-tierMunicipalityTimiskaming686 671 +2.2%92.727.4/km2
Chatham-KentSingle-tierMunicipalityChatham-Kent101,647 103,671 −2.0%2,457.9041.4/km2
ChatsworthLower-tierTownshipGrey6,630 6,437 +3.0%596.1911.1/km2
ChisholmSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,291 1,263 +2.2%206.736.2/km2
Clarence-RocklandLower-tierCityPrescott and Russell24,512 23,185 +5.7%297.7182.3/km2
ClaringtonLower-tierMunicipalityDurham92,013 84,548 +8.8%611.40150.5/km2
ClearviewLower-tierTownshipSimcoe14,151 13,734 +3.0%557.1025.4/km2
CobaltSingle-tierTownTimiskaming1,128 1,133 −0.4%2.08542.3/km2
CobourgLower-tierTownNorthumberland19,440 18,519 +5.0%22.36869.4/km2
CochraneSingle-tierTownCochrane5,321 5,340 −0.4%539.129.9/km2
Cockburn IslandSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin0 0[lower-alpha 2] NA171.040.0/km2
ColemanSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming595 597 −0.3%178.893.3/km2
CollingwoodLower-tierTownSimcoe21,793 19,241 +13.3%33.78645.1/km2
ConmeeSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay819 764 +7.2%169.134.8/km2
CornwallSingle-tierCityStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
46,589 46,340 +0.5%61.56756.8/km2
CramaheLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland6,355 6,073 +4.6%202.1631.4/km2
Dawn-EuphemiaLower-tierTownshipLambton1,967 2,049 −4.0%445.124.4/km2
DawsonSingle-tierTownshipRainy River468 563 −16.9%339.501.4/km2
Deep RiverLower-tierTownRenfrew4,109 4,193 −2.0%50.1382.0/km2
DeserontoLower-tierTownHastings1,774 1,835 −3.3%2.51706.8/km2
DorionSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay316 338 −6.5%212.111.5/km2
Douro-DummerLower-tierTownshipPeterborough6,709 6,805 −1.4%458.9514.6/km2
Drummond/North ElmsleyLower-tierTownshipLanark7,773 7,487 +3.8%366.1321.2/km2
DrydenSingle-tierCityKenora7,749 7,617 +1.7%66.19117.1/km2
DubreuilvilleSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma613 635 −3.5%89.506.8/km2
Dutton/DunwichLower-tierMunicipalityElgin3,866 3,876 −0.3%294.5813.1/km2
Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt,
Guilford, Harburn, Bruton,
Havelock, Eyre and Clyde
Lower-tierMunicipalityHaliburton6,280 5,966 +5.3%1,485.984.2/km2
Ear FallsSingle-tierTownshipKenora995 1,026 −3.0%330.963.0/km2
East FerrisSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing4,750 4,766 −0.3%155.1730.6/km2
East GarafraxaLower-tierTownshipDufferin2,579 2,595 −0.6%166.0715.5/km2
East GwillimburyLower-tierTownYork23,991 22,473 +6.8%245.0497.9/km2
East HawkesburyLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell3,296 3,335 −1.2%235.0114.0/km2
East Zorra-TavistockLower-tierTownshipOxford7,129 6,836 +4.3%242.3029.4/km2
Edwardsburgh/CardinalLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville7,093 6,959 +1.9%311.2522.8/km2
Elizabethtown-KitleyLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville9,854 9,724 +1.3%557.7117.7/km2
Elliot LakeSingle-tierCityAlgoma10,741 11,348 −5.3%714.6515.0/km2
EmoSingle-tierTownshipRainy River1,333 1,252 +6.5%203.096.6/km2
EnglehartSingle-tierTownTimiskaming1,479 1,519 −2.6%3.02489.7/km2
EnniskillenLower-tierTownshipLambton2,796 2,930 −4.6%338.168.3/km2
ErinLower-tierTownWellington11,439 10,770 +6.2%297.7638.4/km2
EspanolaSingle-tierTownSudbury5,048[36] 5,364 −5.9%82.8261.0/km2
EssaLower-tierTownshipSimcoe21,083 18,505 +13.9%280.0375.3/km2
EssexLower-tierTownEssex20,427 19,600 +4.2%277.9773.5/km2
EvanturelSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming449 452 −0.7%89.315.0/km2
FaradayLower-tierTownshipHastings1,401 1,468 −4.6%219.626.4/km2
Fauquier-StricklandSingle-tierTownshipCochrane536 530 +1.1%1,013.250.5/km2
Fort ErieLower-tierTownNiagara30,710 29,960 +2.5%166.27184.7/km2
Fort FrancesSingle-tierTownRainy River7,739 7,952 −2.7%25.51303.4/km2
French RiverSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury2,662 2,442 +9.0%735.483.6/km2
Front of YongeLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville2,607 2,752 −5.3%128.4720.3/km2
Frontenac IslandsLower-tierTownshipFrontenac1,760 1,864 −5.6%175.0410.1/km2
GananoqueSingle-tierTownLeeds and Grenville5,159 5,194 −0.7%7.03733.9/km2
GauthierSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming138 123 +12.2%88.411.6/km2
Georgian BayLower-tierTownshipMuskoka2,499 2,482 +0.7%547.614.6/km2
Georgian BluffsLower-tierTownshipGrey10,479 10,404 +0.7%604.3717.3/km2
GeorginaLower-tierTownYork45,418 43,517 +4.4%287.75157.8/km2
GilliesSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay474 473 +0.2%93.055.1/km2
GoderichLower-tierTownHuron7,628 7,526 +1.4%8.64882.9/km2
Gordon/Barrie IslandSingle-tierMunicipalityManitoulin490 526 −6.8%267.771.8/km2
Gore BaySingle-tierTownManitoulin867 850 +2.0%5.23165.8/km2
Grand ValleyLower-tierTownDufferin2,956 2,726 +8.4%158.2318.7/km2
GravenhurstLower-tierTownMuskoka12,311 12,055 +2.1%518.0623.8/km2
Greater MadawaskaLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,518 2,485 +1.3%1,035.592.4/km2
Greater NapaneeLower-tierTownLennox and Addington15,892 15,511 +2.5%461.1734.5/km2
Greater SudburySingle-tierCityGreater Sudbury161,531 160,274 +0.8%3,228.3550.0/km2
GreenstoneSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay4,636 4,724 −1.9%2,767.191.7/km2
Grey HighlandsLower-tierMunicipalityGrey9,804 9,520 +3.0%882.5111.1/km2
GrimsbyLower-tierTownNiagara27,314 25,325 +7.9%68.93396.3/km2
Guelph/EramosaLower-tierTownshipWellington12,854 12,380 +3.8%291.6744.1/km2
GuelphSingle-tierCityWellington131,794 121,688 +8.3%87.221,511.1/km2
HaldimandSingle-tierCityHaldimand-Norfolk45,608 44,876 +1.6%1,251.5436.4/km2
Halton HillsLower-tierTownHalton61,161 59,013 +3.6%276.27221.4/km2
HamiltonSingle-tierCityHamilton536,917 519,949 +3.3%1,117.29480.6/km2
HamiltonLower-tierTownshipNorthumberland10,942 10,702 +2.2%256.0842.7/km2
HanoverLower-tierTownGrey7,688 7,490 +2.6%9.80784.5/km2
HarleySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming551 539 +2.2%92.306.0/km2
HarrisSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming545 523 +4.2%49.8810.9/km2
Hastings HighlandsLower-tierMunicipalityHastings4,078 4,168 −2.2%972.354.2/km2
Havelock-Belmont-MethuenLower-tierTownshipPeterborough4,530 4,523 +0.2%542.738.3/km2
HawkesburyLower-tierTownPrescott and Russell10,263 10,551 −2.7%9.621,066.8/km2
Head, Clara and MariaLower-tierTownshipRenfrew248 235 +5.5%728.380.3/km2
HearstSingle-tierTownCochrane5,070 5,090 −0.4%98.5251.5/km2
Highlands EastLower-tierMunicipalityHaliburton3,343 3,249 +2.9%704.634.7/km2
HilliardSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming223 204 +9.3%91.382.4/km2
HiltonSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma307 261 +17.6%115.822.7/km2
Hilton BeachSingle-tierVillageAlgoma171 145 +17.9%2.6265.3/km2
HornepayneSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma980 1,050 −6.7%204.074.8/km2
HortonLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,887 2,719 +6.2%158.5118.2/km2
HowickLower-tierTownshipHuron3,873 3,856 +0.4%287.0613.5/km2
HudsonSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming503 476 +5.7%90.375.6/km2
HuntsvilleLower-tierTownMuskoka19,816 19,056 +4.0%710.0127.9/km2
Huron EastLower-tierMunicipalityHuron9,138 9,264 −1.4%669.2213.7/km2
Huron ShoresSingle-tierMunicipalityAlgoma1,664 1,723 −3.4%457.353.6/km2
Huron-KinlossLower-tierTownshipBruce7,069 6,790 +4.1%440.7616.0/km2
IgnaceSingle-tierTownshipKenora1,202 1,202 0.0%72.8216.5/km2
IngersollLower-tierTownOxford12,757 12,146 +5.0%12.751,000.5/km2
InnisfilLower-tierTownSimcoe36,566 32,727 +11.7%262.71139.2/km2
Iroquois FallsSingle-tierTownCochrane4,537 4,595 −1.3%600.017.6/km2
JamesSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming420 424 −0.9%86.364.9/km2
JocelynSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma313 237 +32.1%131.452.4/km2
JohnsonSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma751 750 +0.1%120.276.2/km2
JolySingle-tierTownshipParry Sound304 284 +7.0%194.731.6/km2
KapuskasingSingle-tierTownCochrane8,292 8,196 +1.2%84.3798.3/km2
Kawartha LakesSingle-tierCityKawartha Lakes75,423 73,219 +3.0%3,084.3824.5/km2
KearneySingle-tierTownParry Sound882 841 +4.9%532.001.7/km2
KenoraSingle-tierCityKenora15,096 15,348 −1.6%211.5971.3/km2
KernsSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming358 359 −0.3%90.643.9/km2
Killaloe, Hagarty and RichardsLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,420 2,402 +0.7%396.806.1/km2
KillarneySingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury386 505 −23.6%1,653.320.2/km2
KincardineLower-tierMunicipalityBruce11,389 11,174 +1.9%537.9421.2/km2
KingLower-tierTownshipYork24,512 19,899 +23.2%333.2573.6/km2
KingstonSingle-tierCityFrontenac123,798 123,363 +0.4%451.19274.4/km2
KingsvilleLower-tierTownEssex21,552 21,362 +0.9%246.8387.3/km2
Kirkland LakeSingle-tierTownTimiskaming7,981 8,493 −6.0%262.1330.4/km2
KitchenerLower-tierCityWaterloo233,222 219,153 +6.4%136.771,705.2/km2
La ValleeSingle-tierTownshipRainy River938 988 −5.1%237.843.9/km2
LairdSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,047 1,057 −0.9%102.4810.2/km2
Lake of BaysLower-tierTownshipMuskoka3,167 3,476 −8.9%677.914.7/km2
Lake of the WoodsSingle-tierTownshipRainy River230 296 −22.3%751.310.3/km2
LakeshoreLower-tierTownEssex36,611 34,546 +6.0%530.3369.0/km2
Lambton ShoresLower-tierMunicipalityLambton10,631 10,656 −0.2%331.2032.1/km2
Lanark HighlandsLower-tierTownshipLanark5,338 5,128 +4.1%1,048.835.1/km2
Larder LakeSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming730 684 +6.7%229.523.2/km2
LaSalleLower-tierTownEssex30,180 28,643 +5.4%65.35461.8/km2
LatchfordSingle-tierTownTimiskaming313 387 −19.1%153.532.0/km2
Laurentian HillsLower-tierTownRenfrew2,961 2,811 +5.3%642.034.6/km2
Laurentian ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew9,387 9,657 −2.8%551.4317.0/km2
LeamingtonLower-tierMunicipalityEssex27,595 28,403 −2.8%262.01105.3/km2
Leeds and the Thousand IslandsLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville9,465 9,277 +2.0%612.4515.5/km2
LimerickLower-tierTownshipHastings346 352 −1.7%205.371.7/km2
LincolnLower-tierTownNiagara23,787 22,487 +5.8%162.81146.1/km2
LondonSingle-tierCityMiddlesex383,822 366,151 +4.8%420.35913.1/km2
LoyalistLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington16,971 16,221 +4.6%341.0249.8/km2
Lucan BiddulphLower-tierTownshipMiddlesex4,700 4,338 +8.3%169.1427.8/km2
Macdonald, Meredith and
Aberdeen Additional
Single-tierTownshipAlgoma1,609 1,464 +9.9%164.059.8/km2
MacharSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound882 923 −4.4%184.354.8/km2
MachinSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora971 935 +3.9%291.813.3/km2
Madawaska ValleyLower-tierTownshipRenfrew4,123 4,282 −3.7%672.516.1/km2
MadocLower-tierTownshipHastings2,078 2,166 −4.1%277.977.5/km2
MagnetawanSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound1,390 1,454 −4.4%531.532.6/km2
MalahideLower-tierTownshipElgin9,292 9,146 +1.6%395.0523.5/km2
ManitouwadgeSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,937 2,105 −8.0%352.075.5/km2
MapletonLower-tierTownshipWellington10,527 9,989 +5.4%534.8719.7/km2
MarathonSingle-tierTownThunder Bay3,273 3,353 −2.4%170.5419.2/km2
MarkhamLower-tierCityYork328,966 301,709 +9.0%212.351,549.2/km2
Markstay-WarrenSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury2,656 2,297 +15.6%512.785.2/km2
Marmora and LakeLower-tierMunicipalityHastings3,953 4,074 −3.0%557.087.1/km2
MatachewanSingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming225 409 −45.0%543.580.4/km2
MattawaSingle-tierTownNipissing1,993 2,023 −1.5%3.66544.5/km2
MattawanSingle-tierTownshipNipissing161 162 −0.6%201.000.8/km2
Mattice-Val CôtéSingle-tierTownshipCochrane648 686 −5.5%414.001.6/km2
McDougallSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound2,702 2,705 −0.1%268.4810.1/km2
McGarrySingle-tierTownshipTimiskaming609 595 +2.4%86.677.0/km2
McKellarSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,111 1,144 −2.9%180.886.1/km2
McMurrich/MonteithSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound824 779 +5.8%277.923.0/km2
McNab/BraesideLower-tierTownshipRenfrew7,178 7,371 −2.6%255.7628.1/km2
MeafordLower-tierMunicipalityGrey10,991 11,100 −1.0%588.5718.7/km2
MelancthonLower-tierTownshipDufferin3,008 2,839 +6.0%310.799.7/km2
Merrickville-WolfordLower-tierVillageLeeds and Grenville3,067 2,850 +7.6%214.5514.3/km2
Middlesex CentreLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex17,262 16,487 +4.7%588.1129.4/km2
MidlandLower-tierTownSimcoe16,864 16,572 +1.8%35.34477.2/km2
MiltonLower-tierTownHalton110,128 84,362 +30.5%363.22303.2/km2
Minden HillsLower-tierTownshipHaliburton6,088 5,655 +7.7%878.276.9/km2
MintoLower-tierTownWellington8,671 8,334 +4.0%300.6928.8/km2
MississaugaLower-tierCityPeel721,599 713,443 +1.1%292.432,467.6/km2
Mississippi MillsLower-tierTownLanark13,163 12,385 +6.3%519.5825.3/km2
MonoLower-tierTownDufferin8,609 7,546 +14.1%277.8331.0/km2
MontagueLower-tierTownshipLanark3,761 3,483 +8.0%279.6613.4/km2
MoonbeamSingle-tierTownshipCochrane1,231 1,101 +11.8%235.585.2/km2
MoosoneeSingle-tierTownCochrane1,481 1,725 −14.1%546.722.7/km2
MorleySingle-tierTownshipRainy River481 508 −5.3%390.611.2/km2
Morris-TurnberryLower-tierMunicipalityHuron3,496 3,413 +2.4%376.569.3/km2
MulmurLower-tierTownshipDufferin3,478 3,391 +2.6%286.7712.1/km2
Muskoka LakesLower-tierTownshipMuskoka6,588 6,707 −1.8%794.268.3/km2
Nairn and HymanSingle-tierTownshipSudbury342 477 −28.3%160.822.1/km2
NationThe NationLower-tierMunicipalityPrescott and Russell12,808 11,668 +9.8%658.3219.5/km2
NeebingSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay2,055 1,986 +3.5%877.272.3/km2
New TecumsethLower-tierTownSimcoe34,242 30,234 +13.3%274.21124.9/km2
NewburyLower-tierVillageMiddlesex466 447 +4.3%1.77263.3/km2
NewmarketLower-tierTownYork84,224 79,978 +5.3%38.452,190.5/km2
Niagara FallsLower-tierCityNiagara88,071 82,997 +6.1%209.73419.9/km2
Niagara-on-the-LakeLower-tierTownNiagara17,511 15,400 +13.7%132.81131.9/km2
NipigonSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,642 1,631 +0.7%109.1115.0/km2
NipissingSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,707 1,704 +0.2%393.804.3/km2
NorfolkSingle-tierCityHaldimand-Norfolk64,044 63,175 +1.4%1,607.5539.8/km2
North Algona WilberforceLower-tierTownshipRenfrew2,915 2,873 +1.5%378.987.7/km2
North BaySingle-tierCityNipissing51,553 53,651 −3.9%319.11161.6/km2
North DumfriesLower-tierTownshipWaterloo10,215 9,334 +9.4%187.4354.5/km2
North DundasLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
11,278 11,225 +0.5%503.0822.4/km2
North FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac1,898 1,857 +2.2%1,164.771.6/km2
North GlengarryLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
10,109 10,251 −1.4%643.4615.7/km2
North GrenvilleLower-tierMunicipalityLeeds and Grenville16,451 15,085 +9.1%352.1846.7/km2
North HuronLower-tierTownshipHuron4,932 4,884 +1.0%178.8227.6/km2
North KawarthaLower-tierTownshipPeterborough2,479 2,289 +8.3%776.013.2/km2
North MiddlesexLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex6,352 6,658 −4.6%597.8810.6/km2
North PerthLower-tierMunicipalityPerth13,130 12,631 +4.0%493.1426.6/km2
North ShoreThe North ShoreSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma497 509 −2.4%239.082.1/km2
North StormontLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
6,873 6,775 +1.4%515.9113.3/km2
Northeastern Manitoulin
and the Islands
Single-tierMunicipalityManitoulin2,712 2,706 +0.2%496.095.5/km2
Northern Bruce PeninsulaLower-tierMunicipalityBruce3,999 3,744 +6.8%783.995.1/km2
NorwichLower-tierTownshipOxford11,001 10,721 +2.6%431.2725.5/km2
OakvilleLower-tierTownHalton193,832 182,520 +6.2%138.891,395.6/km2
O'ConnorSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay663 685 −3.2%108.786.1/km2
Oil SpringsLower-tierVillageLambton648 704 −8.0%8.1979.1/km2
Oliver PaipoongeSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay5,922 5,732 +3.3%350.9116.9/km2
OpasatikaSingle-tierTownshipCochrane226 214 +5.6%330.440.7/km2
OrangevilleLower-tierTownDufferin28,900 27,975 +3.3%15.611,851.4/km2
OrilliaSingle-tierCitySimcoe31,166 30,586 +1.9%28.581,090.5/km2
Oro-MedonteLower-tierTownshipSimcoe21,036 20,078 +4.8%587.0835.8/km2
OshawaLower-tierCityDurham159,458 149,607 +6.6%145.641,094.9/km2
Otonabee-South MonaghanLower-tierTownshipPeterborough6,670 6,581 +1.4%347.1319.2/km2
OttawaSingle-tierCityOttawa934,243 883,391 +5.8%2,790.30334.8/km2
Owen SoundLower-tierCityGrey21,341 21,688 −1.6%24.27879.3/km2
Papineau-CameronSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,016 978 +3.9%566.391.8/km2
Parry SoundSingle-tierTownParry Sound6,408 6,191 +3.5%13.40478.2/km2
PeleeSingle-tierTownshipEssex235 171 +37.4%41.795.6/km2
PelhamLower-tierTownNiagara17,110 16,598 +3.1%126.43135.3/km2
PembrokeSingle-tierCityRenfrew13,882 14,360 −3.3%14.56953.4/km2
PenetanguisheneLower-tierTownSimcoe8,962 9,111 −1.6%25.58350.4/km2
PerrySingle-tierTownshipParry Sound2,454 2,317 +5.9%187.2213.1/km2
PerthLower-tierTownLanark5,930 5,840 +1.5%12.25484.1/km2
Perth EastLower-tierTownshipPerth12,261 12,011 +2.1%712.1417.2/km2
Perth SouthLower-tierTownshipPerth3,810 3,993 −4.6%393.149.7/km2
PetawawaLower-tierTownRenfrew17,187 15,988 +7.5%166.69103.1/km2
PeterboroughSingle-tierCityPeterborough81,032 78,777 +2.9%64.251,261.2/km2
PetroliaLower-tierTownLambton5,742 5,528 +3.9%12.68452.8/km2
PickeringLower-tierCityDurham91,771 88,721 +3.4%231.55396.3/km2
Pickle LakeSingle-tierTownshipKenora388 425 −8.7%252.181.5/km2
Plummer AdditionalSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma660 650 +1.5%220.303.0/km2
Plympton-WyomingLower-tierTownLambton7,795 7,576 +2.9%318.7824.5/km2
Point EdwardLower-tierVillageLambton2,037 2,034 +0.1%3.28621.0/km2
Port ColborneLower-tierCityNiagara18,306 18,424 −0.6%121.96150.1/km2
Port HopeLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland16,753 16,214 +3.3%278.8760.1/km2
PowassanSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound3,455 3,378 +2.3%224.5615.4/km2
PrescottSingle-tierTownLeeds and Grenville4,222 4,284 −1.4%4.93856.4/km2
PrinceSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,010 1,031 −2.0%85.3011.8/km2
Prince EdwardSingle-tierCityPrince Edward24,735 25,258 −2.1%1,050.4923.5/km2
PuslinchLower-tierTownshipWellington7,336 7,029 +4.4%214.6234.2/km2
Quinte WestSingle-tierCityHastings43,577 43,086 +1.1%494.0288.2/km2
Rainy RiverSingle-tierTownRainy River807 842 −4.2%3.11259.5/km2
RamaraLower-tierTownshipSimcoe9,488 9,275 +2.3%418.8222.7/km2
Red LakeSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora4,107 4,670 −12.1%610.066.7/km2
Red RockSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay895 942 −5.0%62.2114.4/km2
RenfrewLower-tierTownRenfrew8,223 8,218 +0.1%12.78643.4/km2
Richmond HillLower-tierCityYork195,022 185,541 +5.1%101.111,928.8/km2
Rideau LakesLower-tierTownshipLeeds and Grenville10,326 10,207 +1.2%729.2214.2/km2
RussellLower-tierTownshipPrescott and Russell16,520 15,247 +8.3%199.1183.0/km2
RyersonSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound648 634 +2.2%187.923.4/km2
Sables-Spanish RiversSingle-tierTownshipSudbury3,188[36] 3,075 +3.7%815.213.9/km2
SarniaLower-tierCityLambton71,594 72,366 −1.1%164.85434.3/km2
Saugeen ShoresLower-tierTownBruce13,715 12,661 +8.3%171.0580.2/km2
Sault Ste. MarieSingle-tierCityAlgoma73,368 75,141 −2.4%223.24328.7/km2
SchreiberSingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,059 1,126 −6.0%36.8028.8/km2
ScugogLower-tierTownshipDurham21,617 21,569 +0.2%474.7145.5/km2
SeguinSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound4,304 3,988 +7.9%595.687.2/km2
SelwynLower-tierTownshipPeterborough17,060 16,846 +1.3%315.6954.0/km2
SevernLower-tierTownshipSimcoe13,477 12,377 +8.9%549.7524.5/km2
ShelburneLower-tierTownDufferin8,126 5,846 +39.0%6.561,238.7/km2
ShuniahSingle-tierMunicipalityThunder Bay2,798 2,737 +2.2%570.994.9/km2
Sioux LookoutSingle-tierMunicipalityKenora5,272 5,037 +4.7%378.1213.9/km2
Sioux Narrows-Nestor FallsSingle-tierTownshipKenora567 720 −21.3%1,223.120.5/km2
Smiths FallsSingle-tierTownLanark8,780 8,978 −2.2%9.66908.9/km2
Smooth Rock FallsSingle-tierTownCochrane1,330 1,376 −3.3%200.106.6/km2
South AlgonquinSingle-tierTownshipNipissing1,096 1,211 −9.5%873.431.3/km2
South Bruce PeninsulaLower-tierTownBruce8,416 8,413 0.0%532.2915.8/km2
South BruceLower-tierMunicipalityBruce5,639 5,685 −0.8%487.4811.6/km2
South DundasLower-tierMunicipalityStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
10,833 10,794 +0.4%521.0620.8/km2
South FrontenacLower-tierTownshipFrontenac18,646 18,113 +2.9%971.5619.2/km2
South GlengarryLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
13,150 13,162 −0.1%605.3621.7/km2
South HuronLower-tierMunicipalityHuron10,096 9,945 +1.5%425.4123.7/km2
South RiverSingle-tierVillageParry Sound1,114 1,049 +6.2%4.15268.4/km2
South StormontLower-tierTownshipStormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
13,110 12,617 +3.9%447.5829.3/km2
SouthgateLower-tierTownshipGrey7,354 7,190 +2.3%644.3811.4/km2
Southwest MiddlesexLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex5,723 5,860 −2.3%427.8813.4/km2
South-West OxfordLower-tierTownshipOxford7,664 7,544 +1.6%370.7320.7/km2
SouthwoldLower-tierTownshipElgin4,421 4,494 −1.6%301.7414.7/km2
SpanishSingle-tierTownAlgoma712 696 +2.3%108.676.6/km2
SpringwaterLower-tierTownshipSimcoe19,059 18,223 +4.6%536.2835.5/km2
St. CatharinesLower-tierCityNiagara133,113 131,400 +1.3%96.131,384.7/km2
St. CharlesSingle-tierMunicipalitySudbury1,269 1,282 −1.0%321.753.9/km2
St. ClairLower-tierTownshipLambton14,086 14,515 −3.0%619.1722.7/km2
St. JosephSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma1,240 1,201 +3.2%129.129.6/km2
St. MarysSingle-tierTownPerth7,265 6,655 +9.2%12.45583.5/km2
St. ThomasSingle-tierCityElgin38,909 37,905 +2.6%35.631,092.0/km2
Stirling-RawdonLower-tierTownshipHastings4,882 4,978 −1.9%282.3317.3/km2
Stone MillsLower-tierTownshipLennox and Addington7,702 7,560 +1.9%709.1710.9/km2
StratfordSingle-tierCityPerth31,465 30,903 +1.8%28.281,112.6/km2
Strathroy-CaradocLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex20,867 20,978 −0.5%270.7777.1/km2
StrongSingle-tierTownshipParry Sound1,439 1,341 +7.3%159.939.0/km2
SundridgeSingle-tierVillageParry Sound961 985 −2.4%2.30417.8/km2
TarbuttSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma534 396 +34.8%52.8210.1/km2
TayLower-tierTownshipSimcoe10,033 9,736 +3.1%139.0772.1/km2
Tay ValleyLower-tierTownshipLanark5,665 5,571 +1.7%550.0110.3/km2
TecumsehLower-tierTownEssex23,229 23,610 −1.6%94.64245.4/km2
TehkummahSingle-tierTownshipManitoulin436 406 +7.4%132.693.3/km2
TemagamiSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing802 840 −4.5%1,905.920.4/km2
Temiskaming ShoresSingle-tierCityTimiskaming9,920 10,400 −4.6%178.1155.7/km2
Terrace BaySingle-tierTownshipThunder Bay1,611 1,471 +9.5%152.8210.5/km2
Thames CentreLower-tierMunicipalityMiddlesex13,191 13,000 +1.5%433.9930.4/km2
ThessalonSingle-tierTownAlgoma1,286 1,279 +0.5%4.52284.5/km2
ThornloeSingle-tierVillageTimiskaming112 123 −8.9%6.5917.0/km2
ThoroldLower-tierCityNiagara18,801 17,931 +4.9%82.99226.5/km2
Thunder BaySingle-tierCityThunder Bay107,909 108,359 −0.4%328.36328.6/km2
TillsonburgLower-tierTownOxford15,872 15,301 +3.7%22.33710.8/km2
TimminsSingle-tierCityCochrane41,788 43,165 −3.2%2,978.8314.0/km2
TinyLower-tierTownshipSimcoe11,787 11,232 +4.9%336.9335.0/km2
Toronto[lower-alpha 23]Single-tier[lower-alpha 23]CityToronto2,731,571 2,615,060 +4.5%630.204,334.5/km2
Trent HillsLower-tierMunicipalityNorthumberland12,900 12,604 +2.3%511.9525.2/km2
Trent LakesLower-tierMunicipalityPeterborough5,397 5,100 +5.8%861.326.3/km2
Tudor and CashelLower-tierTownshipHastings586 586 0.0%445.661.3/km2
TweedLower-tierMunicipalityHastings6,044 6,057 −0.2%953.476.3/km2
TyendinagaLower-tierTownshipHastings4,297 4,150 +3.5%312.9213.7/km2
UxbridgeLower-tierTownshipDurham21,176 20,623 +2.7%420.9550.3/km2
Val Rita-HartySingle-tierTownshipCochrane762 817 −6.7%381.182.0/km2
VaughanLower-tierCityYork306,233 288,301 +6.2%273.561,119.4/km2
WainfleetLower-tierTownshipNiagara6,372 6,356 +0.3%217.3129.3/km2
WarwickLower-tierTownshipLambton3,692 3,717 −0.7%290.2012.7/km2
Wasaga BeachLower-tierTownSimcoe20,675 17,537 +17.9%58.64352.6/km2
WaterlooLower-tierCityWaterloo104,986 98,780 +6.3%64.021,639.9/km2
WawaSingle-tierMunicipalityAlgoma2,905 2,975 −2.4%416.217.0/km2
WellandLower-tierCityNiagara52,293 50,631 +3.3%81.04645.3/km2
WellesleyLower-tierTownshipWaterloo11,260 10,713 +5.1%277.7640.5/km2
Wellington NorthLower-tierTownshipWellington11,914 11,477 +3.8%526.2122.6/km2
West ElginLower-tierMunicipalityElgin4,995 5,157 −3.1%322.4815.5/km2
West GreyLower-tierMunicipalityGrey12,518 12,286 +1.9%876.1614.3/km2
West LincolnLower-tierTownshipNiagara14,500 13,837 +4.8%387.8137.4/km2
West NipissingSingle-tierMunicipalityNipissing14,364 14,149 +1.5%1,993.637.2/km2
West PerthLower-tierMunicipalityPerth8,865 8,919 −0.6%579.3615.3/km2
WestportLower-tierVillageLeeds and Grenville590 628 −6.1%1.68351.2/km2
WhitbyLower-tierTownDurham128,377 122,022 +5.2%146.66875.3/km2
Whitchurch-StouffvilleLower-tierTownYork45,837 37,628 +21.8%206.22222.3/km2
White RiverSingle-tierTownshipAlgoma645 607 +6.3%96.786.7/km2
WhitestoneSingle-tierMunicipalityParry Sound916 918 −0.2%957.931.0/km2
Whitewater RegionLower-tierTownshipRenfrew7,009 6,921 +1.3%539.5113.0/km2
WilmotLower-tierTownshipWaterloo20,545 19,223 +6.9%263.7877.9/km2
WindsorSingle-tierCityEssex217,188 210,891 +3.0%146.381,483.7/km2
WollastonLower-tierTownshipHastings670 708 −5.4%219.143.1/km2
WoodstockLower-tierCityOxford40,902 37,754 +8.3%48.97835.2/km2
WoolwichLower-tierTownshipWaterloo25,006 23,145 +8.0%326.1576.7/km2
ZorraLower-tierTownshipOxford8,138 8,058 +1.0%528.9415.4/km2
Total local (single and lower-tier) municipalities 13,357,208 12,764,756 +4.6% 155,672.56 85.8/km2
Province of Ontario 13,448,494 12,851,821 +4.6% 908,699.33 14.8/km2

See also

  • Former municipalities in Ontario
  • List of census agglomerations in Ontario
  • List of census divisions of Ontario
  • List of cities in Ontario
  • List of designated places in Ontario
  • List of population centres in Ontario
  • List of towns in Ontario
  • List of township municipalities in Ontario
  • List of villages in Ontario

Notes

  1. Although Ontario is the third-largest province in land area, it is second-largest in total area after accounting for its freshwater area.[1]
  2. Although the Township of Cockburn Island's population is published as 0 by Statistics Canada, 1 of its 79 private dwellings was occupied by usual residents. To protect privacy, Statistics Canada has rounded Cockburn Island's actual population to the nearest 5, which in this case is 0.[10] Its seasonal summer population is much higher.
  3. Though Muskoka and Oxford are officially named the District Municipality of Muskoka and the County of Oxford respectively, both are actually regional municipalities per the definition of "regional municipality" in Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001, which states that a regional municipality "means an upper-tier municipality that was a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford on December 31, 2002".[6]
  4. Demographic information excludes the Saugeen 29 and Neyaashiinigmiing 27 Indian Reserves.[14]
  5. Demographic information excludes the Mississaugas of Scugog Island Indian Reserve.[15]
  6. Demographic information excludes the city of St. Thomas which is independent of Elgin County but included in the Elgin County Census Division.[16]
  7. Demographic information excludes the city of Windsor and the township of Pelee which are independent of Essex County but included in the Essex County Census Division.[17]
  8. Demographic information excludes the city of Kingston which is independent of Frontenac County but included in the Frontenac County Census Division.[18]
  9. Demographic information excludes the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory Indian Reserve, and the cities of Belleville and Quinte West which are independent of Hastings County but included in the Hastings County Census Division.[19]
  10. Demographic information excludes the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation, Aamjiwnaang First Nation, and Walpole Island Indian Reserves which are independent of Lambton County but included in the Lambton County Census Division. Walpole Island was incompletely enumerated in the 2011 census and population figures are not included in the 2011 population.[20]
  11. Demographic information excludes the city of Smiths Falls which is independent of Lanark County but included in the Lanark County Census Division.[21]
  12. Demographic information excludes the city of Brockville and towns of Gananoque and Prescott which are independent of Leeds and Grenville but included in the Leeds and Grenville Census Division.[22]
  13. Demographic information excludes the city of London and the Chippewas of the Thames 42, Munsee-Delaware 1, Oneida 41 Indian Reserves which are independent of Middlesex County but included in the Middlesex County Census Division. Chippewas of the Thames 42 and Oneida 41 were incompletely enumerated in the 2016 census and population figures are not included in the 2016 population.[23]
  14. Demographic information excludes the Moose Point 79 Indian Reserve which is independent of District Municipality of Muskoka but included in the District Municipality of Muskoka Census Division.[24]
  15. Demographic information excludes the Alderville First Nation Indian Reserve which is independent of Northumberland County but included in the Northumberland County Census Division.[25]
  16. Demographic information excludes the City of Stratford and Town of St. Marys which are independent of Perth County but included in the Perth County Census Division.[26]
  17. Demographic information excludes the city of Peterborough and the Curve Lake First Nation 35 and Hiawatha First Nation Indian Reserves which are independent of Peterborough County but included in the Peterborough County Census Division.[27]
  18. Demographic information excludes the city of Pembroke and the Pikwakanagan (Golden Lake 39) Indian Reserve which are independent of Renfrew County but included in the Renfrew County Census Division.[28]
  19. Demographic information excludes the cities of Barrie and Orillia and the Christian Island 30, Christian Island 30A, and Mnjikaning First Nation 32 Indian Reserves which are independent of Simcoe County but included in the Simcoe County Census Division.[29]
  20. Demographic information exclude the single-tier municipality of Cornwall and the Akwesasne 59 Indian Reserve which are independent of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry but included in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Census Division. Akwesasne 59 was incompletely enumerated in the 2011 census and population figures are not included in the 2011 population.[30]
  21. Demographic information exclude the city of Guelph which is independent of Wellington County but included in the Wellington County Census Division.[31]
  22. Demographic information exclude the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation Indian Reserve which is independent of Regional Municipality of York but included in the Regional Municipality of York Census Division.[32]
  23. A unique set of legal powers, beyond other single-tier municipalities, is provided by the City of Toronto Act, 2006, SO 2006, c 11, Sch A.

References

  1. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  4. "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. "The Municipal Councillor's Guide" (PDF). Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  6. "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
  7. "City of Toronto Act, 2006". e-Laws. Government of Ontario. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  8. "Ontario Municipalities". Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  9. "Town of Markham ready to take another shot at city status". Metro. Free Daily News Group Inc. May 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  10. "Census Profile: Cockburn Island, TP, Ontario (Census subdivision)". Statistics Canada. March 1, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  11. Doug Grant. "A Short History: Brockville Ontario's First Incorporated Town". City of Brockville. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  12. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. August 9, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  13. "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  14. "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Bruce County". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  15. "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Durham Regional Municipality". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  16. "Elgin County". County of Elgin. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  17. "Our Municipalities". County of Essex. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  18. "Township Boundaries" (PDF). County of Frontenac. 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  19. "Member Municipalities". County of Hastings. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  20. "Local Municipalities". County of Lambton. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  21. "Local Municipalities". The County of Lanark. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  22. "Member Municipalities". United Counties of Leeds and Grenville. 2015. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  23. "Municipalities". Middlesex County. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  24. "Long Range Solid Waste Management Plan Environmental Assessment Waste Quantity Projections and Existing Environment Profile". The District Municipality of Muskoka. 2016. p. 16. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  25. "Northumberland County". Northumberland. 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  26. "About Perth County". Perth County. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  27. "Municipalities". County of Peterborough. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  28. "Municipalities". County of Renfrew. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  29. "Municipal Partners". Simcoe County. 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  30. "Municipalities". Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  31. "Local Towns and Townships". County of Wellington. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  32. "Local Municipalities". The Regional Municipality of York. 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  33. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 1 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  34. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 2 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  35. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 3 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  36. "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. January 16, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
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