List of municipalities in Manitoba

Manitoba is the fifth most populous province in Canada with 1,278,365 residents as of 2016 and is the sixth largest in land area at 552,371 km2 (213,272 sq mi).[1] Manitoba's 137 municipalities[2] cover only 20% of the province's land mass yet are home to 94% of its population.[3][lower-alpha 1] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents.

Location of Manitoba in Canada
Distribution of Manitoba's 137 municipalities by type following the 2015 municipal amalgamations

A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996.[4] Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities.[4] The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type.[5] Of Manitoba's 137 municipalities, 37 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages), 98 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts.[6][7] The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities.[4][5] Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach.[8] The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, representing Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.[4][5][8] The Government of Manitoba's Department of Local Government is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[9]

Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 705,244.[3] The City of Brandon is the province's second most populous municipality with 48,859 residents.[3] Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 0 residents.[3] The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at 3,572.13 km2 (1,379.21 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Lac du Bonnet at 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi).[3]

Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside).[10] It was incorporated on September 27, 1873.[11] Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873.[12]

Urban municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities by type (2015)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities.[4]

Combined, Manitoba has 37 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages.[6] The 37 urban municipalities have a total population of 900,769, a total land area of 6,402.26 km2 (2,471.93 sq mi). These totals represent 70.5% of Manitoba's population but only 1.2% of its land area.[3]

Of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities, 6 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 20 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13]

Cities

In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents.[4]

Manitoba has 10 cities[6] that had a cumulative population of 841,890 in the 2016 census.[3] These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities by population are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 705,244 and 4,991 respectively.[3]|suf1=[14] The province's largest and smallest cities by land area are Winnipeg and Dauphin with land areas of 464.33 km2 (179.28 sq mi) and 12.61 km2 (4.87 sq mi) respectively.[3] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012.[15]

Towns

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 25 towns[6] that had a cumulative population of 56,946 in the 2016 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns by population are The Pas and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,369 and 268 respectively.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns by land area are Gillam and Lac du Bonnet with land areas of 1,996.34 km2 (770.79 sq mi) and 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi) respectively.[3]

Villages

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 2 villages[6] that had a cumulative population of 1,933 in the 2016 census.[3] These are St-Pierre-Jolys and Dunnottar with populations of 1,170 and 763 respectively.[3]

List of urban municipalities

List of urban municipalities in Manitoba
Name Municipal status Incorporation
date[13]
2016 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Altona[lower-alpha 2]TownDecember 31, 19454,212 4,088 +3.0%9.38449.0/km2
Arborg[lower-alpha 2]TownJanuary 1, 19641,232 1,152 +6.9%2.21557.5/km2
Beausejour[lower-alpha 2]TownNovember 5, 19083,219 3,126 +3.0%5.42593.9/km2
BrandonCityMay 30, 188248,859 46,061 +6.1%77.41631.2/km2
Carberry[lower-alpha 2]TownDecember 20, 18891,738 1,669 +4.1%4.96350.4/km2
Carman[lower-alpha 2]TownNovember 3, 18993,164 3,027 +4.5%4.34729.0/km2
Churchill[lower-alpha 3]TownJanuary 1, 1959899 813 +10.6%53.9616.7/km2
Dauphin[lower-alpha 4]CityJuly 11, 18988,457 8,251 +2.5%12.61670.7/km2
DunnottarVillageDecember 31, 1947763 696 +9.6%2.78274.5/km2
Flin Flon (part)[lower-alpha 5]CityAugust 15, 19334,991[14][lower-alpha 6] 5,405 −7.7%13.87[lower-alpha 7]359.8/km2
Gillam[lower-alpha 3]TownMay 1, 19661,265 1,332 −5.0%1,996.340.6/km2
Grand Rapids[lower-alpha 3]TownMarch 1, 1962268 279 −3.9%87.043.1/km2
Lac du Bonnet[lower-alpha 2]TownDecember 31, 19471,089 1,069 +1.9%2.15506.5/km2
Leaf Rapids[lower-alpha 3]TownDecember 1, 1971582 498 +16.9%1,272.830.5/km2
Lynn Lake[lower-alpha 3]TownMay 9, 1959494 674 −26.7%910.230.5/km2
Melita[lower-alpha 2]TownMay 15, 19021,042 1,069 −2.5%3.04342.8/km2
MinnedosaTownMarch 2, 18832,449 2,587 −5.3%15.39159.1/km2
Morden[lower-alpha 4]CityMay 1, 18958,668 7,812 +11.0%16.37529.5/km2
MorrisTownJanuary 29, 18831,885 1,797 +4.9%6.10309.0/km2
NeepawaTownNovember 23, 18834,609 3,629 +27.0%17.35265.6/km2
Niverville[lower-alpha 2]TownJanuary 1, 19694,610 3,540 +30.2%8.69530.5/km2
PasThe PasTownMay 17, 19125,369 5,513 −2.6%49.52108.4/km2
Portage la Prairie[lower-alpha 8]CityNovember 12, 188013,304 12,996 +2.4%24.68539.1/km2
Powerview-Pine Falls[lower-alpha 2][lower-alpha 9]TownJanuary 1, 19511,316 1,314 +0.2%5.02262.2/km2
Selkirk[lower-alpha 8]CityJune 15, 188210,278 9,834 +4.5%24.86413.4/km2
Snow Lake[lower-alpha 3]TownJune 2, 1947899 723 +24.3%1,211.890.7/km2
Ste. Anne[lower-alpha 2]TownJanuary 1, 19632,114 1,626 +30.0%4.23499.8/km2
Steinbach[lower-alpha 8]CityDecember 31, 194615,829 13,524 +17.0%25.59618.6/km2
Stonewall[lower-alpha 2]TownAugust 14, 19064,809 4,536 +6.0%5.99802.8/km2
St-Pierre-Jolys[lower-alpha 10]VillageDecember 31, 19471,170 1,099 +6.5%2.66439.8/km2
Swan RiverTownMay 11, 19084,014 3,907 +2.7%7.16560.6/km2
Teulon[lower-alpha 2]TownMay 6, 19191,201 1,124 +6.9%3.23371.8/km2
Thompson[lower-alpha 8]CityJanuary 1, 196713,678 13,123 +4.2%20.79657.9/km2
Virden[lower-alpha 2]TownAugust 2, 18903,322 3,114 +6.7%8.97370.3/km2
Winkler[lower-alpha 4]CityApril 7, 190612,660[14] 10,670 +18.7%17.00744.7/km2
WinnipegCityNovember 8, 1873705,244 663,617 +6.3%464.331,518.8/km2
Winnipeg Beach[lower-alpha 2]TownNovember 2, 19091,145 1,011 +13.3%3.87295.9/km2
Total cities 841,968 791,293 +6.4% 697.51 1,207.1/km2
Total towns 56,946 53,217 +7.0% 5,699.31 10.0/km2
Total villages 1,933 1,795 +7.7% 5.44 355.3/km2
Total urban municipalities 900,769 846,305 +6.4% 6,402.26 140.7/km2
Province of Manitoba 1,278,365 1,208,268 +5.8% 552,370.99 2.3/km2

Rural municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] Manitoba has 98 rural municipalities[20] that had a cumulative population of 301,889  in the 2016 census.[3] These totals represent 23.6% of Manitoba's population and 18.4% of its land area. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by population are the Hanover and the Victoria Beach with populations of 15,733 and 398 respectively.[3] The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by area the RM of Reynolds and the Victoria Beach with land areas of 3,572.13 km2 (1,379.21 sq mi) and 20.26 km2 (7.82 sq mi) respectively.[3]

Of Manitoba's 98 rural municipalities, 8 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these were either incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996[4][13] or formed by the amalgamation of two or more municipalities incorporated prior to 1996. Many municipalities previously under the minimum population were required to amalgamate by the Government of Manitoba's Municipal Amalgamations Act enacted in 2013. However, the legislation excluded "resort municipalities" like Victoria Beach[21] and the government allowed some of the new amalgamated municipalities to form with a combined population under 1,000.[22]

List of rural municipalities in Manitoba
Name Incorporation
date[13]
2016 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Alexander[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19453,333 2,983 +11.7%1,569.622.1/km2
Alonsa[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,247 1,270 −1.8%2,980.040.4/km2
ArgyleAugust 15, 18811,025 1,071 −4.3%769.871.3/km2
Armstrong[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,792 1,835 −2.3%1,865.891.0/km2
Bifrost – RivertonJanuary 1, 20153,378 3,514 −3.9%1,643.812.1/km2
Boissevain – MortonJanuary 1, 20152,353 2,270 +3.7%1,091.902.2/km2
Brenda – WaskadaJanuary 1, 2015674 652 +3.4%765.780.9/km2
BrokenheadNovember 15, 19005,122 4,635 +10.5%752.016.8/km2
CartierFebruary 21, 19143,368 3,153 +6.8%553.406.1/km2
Cartwright – RoblinJanuary 1, 20151,308 1,240 +5.5%716.751.8/km2
Clanwilliam – EricksonJanuary 1, 2015870 901 −3.4%352.152.5/km2
ColdwellNovember 19, 19121,254 1,351 −7.2%901.761.4/km2
CornwallisDecember 22, 18834,520 4,378 +3.2%500.369.0/km2
DauphinNovember 26, 18972,388 2,200 +8.5%1,516.591.6/km2
Deloraine – WinchesterJanuary 1, 20151,489 1,485 +0.3%727.142.0/km2
De SalaberryDecember 22, 18833,580 3,450 +3.8%671.025.3/km2
DufferinNovember 1, 18902,435 2,394 +1.7%913.272.7/km2
East St. PaulNovember 3, 19159,372 9,046 +3.6%41.99223.2/km2
Ellice – ArchieJanuary 1, 2015887 971 −8.7%1,155.800.8/km2
EltonDecember 22, 18831,273 1,257 +1.3%570.972.2/km2
Emerson – FranklinJanuary 1, 20152,537 2,439 +4.0%973.052.6/km2
EthelbertJanuary 1, 2015607 629 −3.5%1,136.940.5/km2
Fisher[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,708 1,704 +0.2%1,479.351.2/km2
Gilbert PlainsJanuary 1, 20151,470 1,623 −9.4%1,051.231.4/km2
GimliAugust 15, 18816,181 5,845 +5.7%318.7519.4/km2
Glenboro – South CypressJanuary 1, 20151,565 1,483 +5.5%1,099.051.4/km2
Glenella – LansdowneJanuary 1, 20151,181 1,245 −5.1%1,265.370.9/km2
Grahamdale[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,359 1,354 +0.4%2,385.420.6/km2
GrandviewJanuary 1, 20151,482 1,508 −1.7%1,154.811.3/km2
GrasslandJanuary 1, 20151,561 1,480 +5.5%1,344.461.2/km2
GreyJanuary 1, 20152,648 2,615 +1.3%960.572.8/km2
HamiotaJanuary 1, 20151,225 1,288 −4.9%576.432.1/km2
HanoverMay 25, 188115,733 14,026 +12.2%741.5221.2/km2
Harrison ParkJanuary 1, 20151,622 1,799 −9.8%977.631.7/km2
HeadingleyMay 9, 19923,579 3,215 +11.3%107.2733.4/km2
Hillsburg – Roblin – Shell RiverJanuary 1, 20153,214 3,284 −2.1%1,690.731.9/km2
Kelsey[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19452,424 2,330 +4.0%867.752.8/km2
Killarney-Turtle MountainAugust 15, 18813,429 3,233 +6.1%926.143.7/km2
La BroquerieMay 25, 18816,076 5,198 +16.9%579.2610.5/km2
Lac du BonnetApril 6, 19123,121 2,930 +6.5%1,100.982.8/km2
LakeshoreJanuary 1, 20151,363 1,401 −2.7%1,297.071.1/km2
LorneJanuary 1, 20153,041 3,006 +1.2%909.403.3/km2
LouiseJanuary 1, 20151,918 1,932 −0.7%939.012.0/km2
MacdonaldMay 25, 18817,162 6,280 +14.0%1,158.336.2/km2
McCrearyJanuary 1, 2015892 948 −5.9%524.251.7/km2
Minitonas – BowsmanJanuary 1, 20151,653 1,816 −9.0%1,201.051.4/km2
Minto – OdanahJanuary 1, 20151,189 1,177 +1.0%744.041.6/km2
MontcalmMay 25, 18811,260 1,309 −3.7%468.042.7/km2
MorrisFebruary 14, 18803,047 2,999 +1.6%1,038.322.9/km2
Mossey RiverJanuary 1, 20151,145 1,186 −3.5%1,123.941.0/km2
Mountain[lower-alpha 11][lower-alpha 12]January 1, 1945978 1,104 −11.4%2,607.770.4/km2
Norfolk TreherneJanuary 1, 20151,751 1,741 +0.6%733.522.4/km2
North Cypress – LangfordJanuary 1, 20152,745 2,627 +4.5%1,761.891.6/km2
North NorfolkJanuary 1, 20153,853 3,762 +2.4%1,160.093.3/km2
Oakland – WawanesaJanuary 1, 20151,690 1,618 +4.4%576.682.9/km2
OakviewJanuary 1, 20151,626 1,513 +7.5%1,147.331.4/km2
PembinaJanuary 1, 20152,347 2,369 −0.9%1,118.332.1/km2
Piney[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,726 1,720 +0.3%2,433.100.7/km2
PipestoneDecember 22, 18831,458 1,447 +0.8%1,149.311.3/km2
Portage la PrairieFebruary 14, 18806,975 6,525 +6.9%1,961.973.6/km2
Prairie LakesJanuary 1, 20151,453 1,423 +2.1%1,062.421.4/km2
Prairie ViewJanuary 1, 20152,088 2,167 −3.6%1,698.561.2/km2
Reynolds[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,338 1,285 +4.1%3,572.130.4/km2
RhinelandJanuary 1, 20155,945 5,772 +3.0%960.406.2/km2
Riding Mountain WestJanuary 1, 20151,420 1,390 +2.2%1,623.390.9/km2
RitchotNovember 1, 18906,679 5,478 +21.9%333.5520.0/km2
RiverdaleJanuary 1, 20152,133 2,019 +5.6%571.163.7/km2
RockwoodFebruary 14, 18807,823 7,964 −1.8%1,199.936.5/km2
RolandNovember 1, 19081,129 1,058 +6.7%485.212.3/km2
RosedaleDecember 22, 18831,672 1,627 +2.8%864.551.9/km2
RossburnJanuary 1, 2015976 1,046 −6.7%682.791.4/km2
RosserMarch 11, 18931,372 1,352 +1.5%441.563.1/km2
Russell – BinscarthJanuary 1, 20152,442 2,553 −4.3%571.374.3/km2
SiftonJanuary 1, 20151,256 1,172 +7.2%768.421.6/km2
Souris – GlenwoodJanuary 1, 20152,562 2,439 +5.0%582.904.4/km2
SpringfieldSeptember 27, 187315,342 14,069 +9.0%1,100.9213.9/km2
St. AndrewsFebruary 14, 188011,913 11,875 +0.3%752.2215.8/km2
St. ClementsDecember 22, 188310,876 10,505 +3.5%730.1114.9/km2
St. François XavierFebruary 14, 18801,411 1,240 +13.8%204.566.9/km2
St. LaurentMay 25, 18811,338 1,305 +2.5%465.292.9/km2
StanleyNovember 1, 18908,969[14] 8,356 +7.3%836.7010.7/km2
Ste. AnneFebruary 14, 18805,003 4,686 +6.8%477.7610.5/km2
Ste. RoseJanuary 1, 20151,712 1,794 −4.6%629.922.7/km2
Stuartburn[lower-alpha 11]January 1, 19451,648 1,535 +7.4%1,163.541.4/km2
Swan Valley WestJanuary 1, 20152,829 2,923 −3.2%1,721.221.6/km2
TachéFebruary 14, 188011,568 10,284 +12.5%581.2319.9/km2
ThompsonNovember 1, 19081,422 1,397 +1.8%528.832.7/km2
Two BordersJanuary 1, 20151,175 1,310 −10.3%2,309.030.5/km2
VictoriaNovember 15, 19021,132[14] 1,119 +1.2%697.861.6/km2
Victoria BeachMarch 14, 1919398 374 +6.4%20.2619.6/km2
Wallace – WoodworthJanuary 1, 20152,948 2,857 +3.2%1,967.911.5/km2
West InterlakeJanuary 1, 20152,162 2,206 −2.0%1,621.301.3/km2
WestLake – GladstoneJanuary 1, 20153,154 3,068 +2.8%1,832.551.7/km2
West St. PaulNovember 3, 19155,368 4,932 +8.8%87.8161.1/km2
WhiteheadDecember 22, 18831,661 1,533 +8.3%563.902.9/km2
WhitemouthMarch 1, 19051,548 1,548 0.0%703.022.2/km2
WoodlandsFebruary 14, 18803,416 3,521 −3.0%1,178.042.9/km2
YellowheadJanuary 1, 20151,948 1,973 −1.3%1,108.481.8/km2
Total rural municipalities 301,438 288,919 +4.3% 101,551.07 3.0/km2
Province of Manitoba 1,278,365 1,208,268 +5.8% 552,370.99 2.3/km2

Local government districts

Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation.[5]

Manitoba has two LGDs:[6] Mystery Lake and Pinawa.[7] For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality.[7]

List of local government districts in Manitoba
Name Incorporation
date[13]
2016 Census of Population[3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Mystery LakeDecember 5, 19560 10 −100.0%3,460.460.0/km2
PinawaJanuary 4, 19621,504 1,444 +4.2%128.5411.7/km2
Total local government district 1,504 1,454 +3.4% 3,589.00 0.4/km2

See also

  • Amalgamation of Winnipeg
  • List of census agglomerations in Manitoba
  • List of communities in Manitoba by population
  • Manitoba municipal amalgamations, 2015

Notes

  1. The remaining 6% of Manitoba's population resides on Indian reserves, Indian settlements, the vast unincorporated portions of central and northern Manitoba and other unincorporated areas. Together, they occupy the remaining 80% of the province's land mass.[3]
  2. The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Carberry, Carman, Lac du Bonnet, Melita, Niverville, Powerview-Pine Falls, Ste. Anne, Stonewall, Teulon, Virden and Winnipeg Beach were originally incorporated as villages.[13]
  3. The towns of Churchill, Gillam, Grand Rapids, Leaf Rapids, Lynn Lake and Snow Lake were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  4. The cities of Dauphin, Morden and Winkler were originally incorporated as villages and each also held town status prior to acquiring their current city status.[13]
  5. The City of Flin Flon was originally incorporated as a municipal district and also held town status prior to acquiring its current city status.[16]
  6. This population does not include 203 in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  7. This land area does not include 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total land area is 16.24 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  8. The cities of Portage la Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach and Thompson were originally incorporated as towns.[13]
  9. The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status.[18]
  10. The Village of St-Pierre-Jolys originally incorporated under the name of the Village of St. Pierre. Its renaming occurred on January 1, 1977.[19]
  11. The rural municipalities of Alexander, Alonsa, Armstrong, Fisher, Grahamdale, Kelsey, Mountain, Park, Piney, Reynolds and Stuartburn were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  12. Statistics Canada divides the RM of Mountain into two parts. In the 2016 census, the north portion had a population of 559, a -12.2% change from its 2011 population of 637, and a land area and population density of 990.69 km2 (382.51 sq mi) and 0.6/km2 (1.5/sq mi) respectively. Meanwhile, the south portion had a population of 419, a -10.2% change from its 2011 population of 467, and a land area and population density of 1,617.08 km2 (624.36 sq mi) and 0.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi) respectively.[3]

References

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  2. "Report of Manitoba Local Government" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  3. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  4. "The Municipal Act (enacted 1996)". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  5. "The Local Government Districts Act (enacted 1987)". Government of Manitoba. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  6. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  7. "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  8. "Municipal Acts". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  9. "Manitoba Local Government". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  10. "Regional Profiles – Tourism Profiles – RM of Springfield". Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  11. "Manitoba Municipalities: Springfield". The Manitoba Historical Society. August 2, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  12. "The Incorporation of Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  13. "MHS Resources: Manitoba's Municipal History". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  14. "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. January 16, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  15. "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  16. "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  17. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Saskatchewan)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  18. "Manitoba Municipalities: Powerview-Pine Falls". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  19. "Manitoba Municipalities: St-Pierre-Jolys". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  20. "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  21. "Government listens to presenters, amendments proposed to Municipal Modernization Act: Lemieux". Government of Manitoba. September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  22. "The music is just starting". The Manitoba Co-operator (via issuu). February 20, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
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