List of Swedish monarchs

This is a list of Swedish kings, queens, regents and viceroys of the Kalmar Union.


Kings and Queens Regnant of Sweden 1523–1907

The earliest record of what is generally considered to be a Swedish king appears in Tacitus' work Germania, c. 100 AD (the king of the Suiones). However, due to scant and unreliable sources before the 11th century, lists of succession traditionally start in the 10th century with king Olof Skötkonung, and his father Eric the Victorious, who also were the first Swedish kings to be baptized. There are, however, lists of Swedish pagan monarchs with far older dates, but in many cases these kings appear in sources of disputed historical reliability. These records notably deal with the legendary House of Yngling, and based on the Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus, Eric the Victorious and Olof Skötkonung have often been classified as belonging to the Swedish house of Ynglings, tracing them back to Sigurd Hring and Ragnar Lodbrok (whom Saxo considered to belong to the House of Yngling). However, according to Icelandic sources this line of kings was broken (see Ingjald and Ivar Vidfamne). As there is no evidence that Eric and Olof ever used the Yngling name themselves, modern historians instead refer to their family as the House of Munsö, the Old Dynasty or the House of Uppsala.

In the 16th century, Johannes Magnus constructed a mythical line of Swedish kings, beginning with Magog, the son of Japheth, to demonstrate the antiquity of the Swedish throne. On the basis of that list, Eric XIV and Charles IX chose to use high ordinals; previous monarchs with those names are traditionally numbered counting backward from Eric XIV and Charles IX. In contemporary Swedish usage, medieval kings are usually not given any ordinal at all.

A list of Swedish monarchs, represented on the map of the Estates of the Swedish Crown,[1] created by French engraver Jacques Chiquet (1673–1721) and published in Paris in 1719, starts with Canute I and shows Eric XIV and Charles IX as Eric IV and Charles II respectively, while the only Charles who holds his traditional ordinal in the list is Charles XII, being the highest enumerated.

Sweden has been ruled by queens regnant on three occasions: by Margaret (1389–1412), Christina (1632–1654) and Ulrika Eleonora (1718–1720) respectively, and earlier, briefly, by a female regent Duchess Ingeborg (1318–1319).

In addition to the list below, the Swedish throne was also claimed by the kings of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1599 to 1660. Following his abdication Sigismund continued to claim the throne from 1599 to his death in 1632. After his death the claim was continued by his sons, Vladislaus IV (from 1632 to 1648) and John II Casimir (from 1648 to 1660).

The Swedish monarchs have been of the House of Bernadotte since 1818, based on the Swedish Act of Succession of 1810. The Constitution of 1809 assumed that the monarch would appoint his Cabinet as he saw fit, but growing calls for democratisation during the end of the 19th century made such an idea impossible to sustain. 1917 marks the end of any real political power for the Swedish monarch.[2] The Constitution of 1974 codifies this development by removing all decision-making powers from the monarch, making it both de facto and de jure a ceremonial position, and today the Government has the chief executive power, not the king.

In 1980, the rule of succession was changed from agnatic to absolute primogeniture, to the benefit of Princess Victoria (born 1977), the current heir apparent.

Monarchs and regents of Sweden

House of Munsö

Eric the Victorious (Erik Segersäll)
c. 970 – c. 995
Died of illness in Old Uppsala[3] c. 995, aged about 50
Olof Skötkonung
c. 995 – c. 1022
c. 980, son of Eric the VictoriousEstrid of the Obotritesc. 1022, aged about 42
Anund Jacob (Anund Jakob)
c. 1022–1050
25 July 1008 or 1010 son of Olof Skötkonung and Estrid of the ObotritesGunnilda (?)c. 1050, aged about 40
Emund the Old (Emund den gamle)
Illegitimate son of Olof SkötkonungAstrid (?)1060

House of Stenkil and contemporary

  House of Stenkil

Stenkil (Stenkil Ragnvaldsson)
Probably from Västergötland, son of Ragnvald Ulfsson (according to Hervarar saga)"Ingamoder"
House of Munsö
Died of illness in "Svitjod", 1066
Eric and Eric
1067, died in battle against each other for the throne
Halsten Stenkilsson (Halsten)
c. 1050 son of Stenkil1084, aged about 34
Anund Gårdske
Came from Garðaríki, (Kievan Rus'), probably with ancestral links to Scandinavia
Håkan the Red (Håkan Röde)
Levene, Västergötland, c. 1040, son of Stenkil
Inge the Elder (Inge den äldre)
1079–1084, 1087–1105
Son of Stenkil and "Ingamoder"Helena, sister of Blot-SweynDied of illness, 1105. First buried in Hånger, but then moved to Varnhem Abbey
Blot-Sweyn (Blot-Sven)
1087, ambushed by Inge the Elder's troops
1087–1105, Inge the Elder (Inge den äldre) (second period)
Philip (Filip Halstensson) 1105–1118Son of King HalstenIngegerd
daughter of Harald III of Norway
House of Hardrada
Assumed to be buried in Vreta Abbey with his brother Inge II
Inge the Younger (Inge den yngre)
son of King HalstenUlvhild Håkansdotter
House of Thjotta
Östergötland, 1125, rumored poisoned by his wife with an "evil drink". Assumed to be buried in Vreta Abbey with his brother Philip
Ragnvald Knaphövde
Assumed to be related in some way to the House of Stenkil1126, killed by supporters of Magnus I of Sweden before being accepted in Västergötland
1126–30 Magnus I of Sweden of the House of Estrid ruled the West Goths, and soon-to-be King Sverker (below) ruled the East Goths.

Houses of Sverker and Eric

  House of Estridsen
  House of Eric
  House of Sverker
  House of Bjelbo (see below)

Magnus I,
son of Niels, King of Denmark and Margaret Fredkulla (the daughter of Inge the Elder)Richeza of Poland
daughter of Bolesław III Wrymouth
House of Piast
Died in a civil war against Sverker I, in the battle of Fotevik, 4 Juny 1134
Sverker I the Elder (also called Clubfoot, Sverker den äldre or Klumpfot; king from 1125 in Östergötland), 1130 – 25 December 1156of East Geatish ancestry, son of Cornube or Kol(1) Ulvhild Håkansdotter
House of Thjotta
(2) Richeza of Poland
House of Piast
Murdered by his own coachman on Christmas Day 1156 while going to church; some suspect Magnus II of being behind the murder. Buried at Alvastra Abbey
Eric (IX) the Saint (Erik den helige),
1156 – 18 May 1160

c. 1120, some appoint him to have West Geatish rootsChristina of DenmarkKilled by Magnus II as he came out of the church in Uppsala, 18 May 1160, aged about 40, enshrined in Uppsala Cathedral
Magnus II,

son of Henry and Ingrid Ragvaldsdotter (the granddaughter of Inge the Elder)Bridget
daughter of Harald IV of Norway
House of Gille
Died in the battle of Örebro against Charles VII, 1161
Charles VII (Karl Sverkersson),
1161 – 12 April 1167
1130, son of Sverker I the Elder and Ulvhild Håkansdotter1163 Christina
House of Hvide
Killed by Canute I Ericson on Visingsö, 12 April 1167, aged about 37, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Canute I Ericson (Knut Eriksson) (1167–1173 not in Östergötland; from 1173 also in Östergötland), 1167–1195/1196
before 1150, son of Eric the Saint and Kristina (probably a granddaughter of Inge the Elder)Cecilia JohansdotterDied peacefully in 1195 or 1196, buried at Varnhem Abbey
Sverker II the Younger (Sverker den yngre), 1196 – 31 January 1208born before 1167, probably already c. 1164 son of king Charles VII and queen Christine Stigsdatter of Hvide(1) Benedicta
House of Hvide
Died in the Battle of Gestilren, 17 July 1210, aged about 45, buried at Alvastra Abbey
(2) Ingegerd
House of Bjelbo
Eric (X) (Erik Knutsson),
31 January 1208 – 10 April 1216
1180 son of Canute I EricsonRicheza of Denmark (the daughter of Valdemar I of Denmark)Died suddenly in fever on Näs Castle, Visingsö, 10 April 1216, aged about 36, buried at Varnhem Abbey
John I the Child (Johan Sverkersson unge), Spring 1216 – 10 March 12221201 son of Sverker IINoneDied on Visingsö, 10 March 1222, aged about 21, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Eric (XI) the Lisp and Lame (Erik läspe och halte),
Summer 1222–28 or 29 November 1229
1216 son of king Erik X of Sweden and Richeza of DenmarkCatherine of Ymseborg2 February 1250, aged about 34, buried at Varnhem Abbey
Canute II the Tall (Knut Långe)
28 or 29 November 1229 – 1234
son of Holmger who was "nepos" (nephew?) of Canute I EricsonHelen
House of Strange
1234, buried at Sko kloster
Eric (XI) the Lisp and Lame (Erik läspe och halte),
1234 – 2 February 1250
1216 son of king Erik X of Sweden and Richeza of DenmarkCatherine of Ymseborg2 February 1250, aged about 34, buried at Varnhem Abbey

House of Bjelbo

  House of Bjelbo
  House of Estridsen
  House of Wittelsbach (see below)
The House of Bjelbo is sometimes referred to as the House of Folkung

Valdemar (Valdemar Birgersson)
Spring 1250 – 22 July 1275
1239 son of Birger jarl and Ingeborg Eriksdotter (a daughter of Eric X)Sophia of Denmark
daughter of King Eric IV
Died while imprisoned by his brother Magnus at Nyköping Castle, 26 December 1302, aged about 63, buried at Vreta Abbey or Riddarholmen Church
Magnus III (Magnus Ladulås)
22 July 1275 – 18 December 1290
1240 son of Birger jarl and Princess Ingeborg Eriksdotter (a daughter of Eric X)Helwig of Holstein
House of Schauenburg
Visingsö, 18 December 1290, aged about 50, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Birger (Birger Magnusson)
18 December 1290 – March/April 1318
1280 son of Magnus III and Helwig of Holstein1298 Martha of Denmark31 May 1321, in exile in Denmark, after murdering his brothers at Nyköping Banquet, aged about 41, buried at Ringsted, Zealand
Regent 1318 – 8 July 1319
House of Sverre
1301 daughter of Haakon V of Norway(1) 1312 Eric of Sweden
House of Bjelbo
17 June 1361 as Duchess of Halland, aged 59 or 60
(2, after her rule)
1327 Canute, Duke of Halland
House of Porse
Magnus IV Ericson (Magnus Eriksson)
8 July 1319 – 15 February 1364

Norway, 1316 son of Erik Magnusson (brother of Birger) and Ingeborg Håkonsdotter1335 Blanche of Namur
House of Dampierre
Drowned in a shipwreck when seeking refuge with his son in Bømlofjord, Norway, 1 December 1374, aged about 58
Eric (XII) (Erik Magnusson)
17 October 1356 – 20 June 1359
(rival king until 1359; joint-rule with father months before death)
1339 son of Magnus IV Eriksson and Blanche of NamurBeatrice of BavariaGenerally believed that he and his wife died in the plague, 20 June 1359, aged about 20
Hakon (Håkan Magnusson)
15 February 1362 – 15 February 1364
(joint-rule with father)
1340 son of Magnus IV Eriksson and Blanche of Namur9 April 1363 in Copenhagen
Margaret Valdemarsdotter (see below)
Oslo, 11 September 1380, aged about 40, buried in Oslo

House of Mecklenburg

Albert (Albrekt av Mecklenburg)
15 February 1364 – 24 February 1389
Mecklenburg, c. 1338, son of Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg and Euphemia of Sweden(1) Richardis of Schwerin
House of Hagen
(2, after his Swedish reign)
Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
House of Welf
Mecklenburg, 1 April 1412, aged about 74, buried in Doberan Abbey, Germany

Monarchs during the Kalmar Union period and Regents (Riksföreståndare)

  House of Estridsen
  House of Wittelsbach
  House of Oldenburg
  House of Bjelbo

Margaret (Margareta Valdemarsdotter)
24 February 1389 – 28 October 1412
Vordingborg Castle, 1353 daughter of Valdemar IV and Helvig of SønderjyllandHaakon VI of Norway
(see above)
Flensburg Fjord, 28 October 1412, aged about 55, buried in Roskilde Cathedral
Eric (XIII) (Erik av Pommern)
23 July 1396 – 24 September 1439 (deposed 1434–1435 and 1436)
House of Griffins
Rügenwalde, Pomerania, 1382, son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania and Mary of Mecklenburg-Schwerin(1) Philippa of England
House of Lancaster
(2, after his Swedish reign)
Rügenwalde Castle, 3 May 1459, aged about 77, buried in St. Mary's Church, Darłowo, Poland
  • October 1438 – Autumn 1440 : Regent Karl Knutsson Bonde later King Charles VIII
Christopher (Kristoffer av Bayern)
Autumn 1441 – 6 January 1448
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz in Bavaria, February 26, 1418 son of Duke John of Pfalz-Neumarkt and Catherine VratislavaDorothea of Brandenburg
House of Hohenzollern
Helsingborg, 5 January or 6 January 1448, aged 29, buried at Roskilde Cathedral
  • January – 20 June 1448: Regents Bengt Jönsson (Oxenstierna) and Nils Jönsson (Oxenstierna)
Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde)
20 June 1448 – 24 February 1457, 9 August 1464 – 30 January 1465 and 12 November 1467 – 15 May 1470
House of Bonde
Ekholmen Castle, 1408 or 1409 son of Knut Tordsson (Bonde) and Margareta Karlsdotter (Sparre av Tofta)(1, before his reign)
Birgitta Turesdotter
House of Bielke
(2) Catherine of Bjurum
House of Gumsehuvud
(3) Christina Abrahamsdotter
15 May 1470, aged about 61 or 62, buried at Riddarholmen Church
  • March – 23 June 1457: Regents Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna), archbishop of Upsala, and Erik Axelsson (Tott)
Christian I (Kristian I)
23 June 1457 – 23 June 1464
Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, February 1426, son of Dietrich of Oldenburg and Helvig of SchauenburgDorothea of Brandenburg
House of Hohenzollern
Copenhagen, 21 May 1481, aged 55, buried at Roskilde Cathedral
9 August 1464 – 30 January 1465 Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde) (second period)
  • 26 December 1464 – 11 August 1465 : Regent Kettil Karlsson (Vasa), bishop of Linköping
  • 11 August 1465 – 18 October 1466 : Regent Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna)
  • 18 October 1466 – 12 November 1467 : Regent Erik Axelsson (Tott)
12 November 1467 – 15 May 1470 Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde) (third period)
  • 16 May 1470 – 6 October 1497 : Regent Sten Sture the Elder (Sten Sture den äldre)
John II ("Hans")
6 October 1497 – August 1501
Aalborg Castle, 2 February 1455, son of Christian I and Dorothea of BrandenburgChristina of Saxony
House of Wettin
Aalborg Castle, 20 February 1513, aged 58, buried in St. Canute's Cathedral, Odense
  • 12 November 1501 – 14 December 1503 : Regent Sten Sture the Elder
  • 21 January 1504 – 31 December 1511 or 2 January 1512 : Regent Svante Nilsson (Svante Nilsson, herre till Ekesjö)
  • Middle of January – 23 July 1512 : Regent Erik Arvidsson Trolle
  • 23 July 1512 – 3 February 1520 : Regent Sten Sture the Younger (Sten Sture den yngre)
Christian II (Kristian Tyrann, "Christian the Tyrant")
1 November 1520 – 23 August 1521
Nyborg Castle, 1 July 1481 son of Hans and Christina of SaxonyIsabella of Austria
House of Habsburg
Kalundborg Castle, 25 January 1559, aged 77, buried in St. Canute's Cathedral, Odense

House of Vasa

  House of Vasa
  House of Wittelsbach
  House of Oldenburg

Gustav I (Gustav Vasa)
6 June 1523 – 29 September 1560
also as regent Gustav Eriksson (Vasa), 1521–1523
Rydboholm Castle or Lindholmen in Uppland, 12 May 1496 son of Erik Johansson and Cecilia Månsdotter(1) Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg
House of Ascania
(2) Margaret
House of Leijonhufvud
(3) Catherine
House of Stenbock
Tre Kronor (castle), 29 September 1560, aged 64, buried in Uppsala Cathedral
Eric XIV (Erik XIV)
29 September 1560 – 29 September 1568
Tre Kronor (castle), 13 December 1533 son of Gustav I and Catherine of Saxe-LauenburgKarin MånsdotterDied (Poisoned) while imprisoned in Örbyhus Castle, 26 February 1577. Aged 43, buried at Västerås Cathedral
John III (Johan III)
30 September 1568 – 17 November 1592
Stegeborg Castle, Östergötland, 20 December 1537 son of Gustav I and Margaret Leijonhufvud(1) Catherine of Poland
House of Jagiello
(2) Gunilla
House of Bielke
Tre Kronor (castle), 17 November 1592, aged 54, buried at Uppsala Cathedral
Sigmund (Sigismund)
17 November 1592 – 24 July 1599
Gripsholm Castle, 20 June 1566, son of John III and Catherine Jagellonica of Poland.(1) Anne of Austria
House of Habsburg
(2, after his Swedish reign)
Constance of Austria
House of Habsburg
Warsaw, Poland, 30 April 1632, aged 65, buried at Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland
Charles IX (Karl IX)
22 March 1604 – 30 October 1611
also as regent Duke Charles, 1599–1604
Tre Kronor (castle), 4 October 1550 son of Gustav I and Margaret Leijonhufvud(1, before his reign)
Maria of Palatinate-Simmern
House of Wittelsbach
Nyköping Castle, 30 October 1611, aged 61, buried at Strängnäs Cathedral
(2) Christina of Holstein-Gottorp
House of Oldenburg
Gustavus Adolphus the Great (Gustav II Adolph, Gustav II Adolf, "Gustav Adolf den Store", Lion of the North)
30 October 1611 – 6 November 1632
Tre Kronor (castle), 9 December 1594, son of Charles IX and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
House of Hohenzollern
6 November 1632, in the Battle of Lützen, Electorate of Saxony, aged 37, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Christina (Kristina)
6 November 1632 – 6 June 1654
Stockholm, 8 December[note 1] 1626, daughter of Gustavus Adolphus and Maria Eleonora of BrandenburgNoneRome, 19 April 1689, aged 62, buried at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach

  House of Wittelsbach
  House of Oldenburg
  House of Hesse

Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav)
6 June 1654 – 13 February 1660
Nyköping Castle, 8 November 1622, son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catharina of Sweden (daughter of Charles IX)Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-GottorpGothenburg, 13 February 1660, aged 37, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XI (Karl XI)
13 February 1660 – 5 April 1697
Tre Kronor (castle), 24 November 1655 son of Charles X and Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-GottorpUlrika Eleonora of DenmarkTre Kronor (castle), 5 April 1697, aged 41, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XII (Karl XII)
5 April 1697 – 30 November 1718
Tre Kronor (castle), 17 June 1682 son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora of DenmarkNoneFredrikshald, Norway, 30 November 1718, aged 36, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Ulrica Eleanor (Ulrika Eleonora)
5 December 1718 – 29 February 1720
Tre Kronor (castle), 23 January 1688 daughter of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora of DenmarkLandgrave Frederick V
House of Hesse
(see below)
Stockholm, 24 November 1741, aged 53, buried in Riddarholmen Church

House of Hesse

  House of Hesse
  House of Wittelsbach

Frederick I of Sweden
24 March 1720 – 25 March 1751
Kassel (in today's Germany), 23 April 1676, son of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Maria Amalia of Courland(1, before his reign)
Louise Dorothea of Prussia
House of Hohenzollern
Stockholm, 25 March 1751, aged 74, buried in Riddarholmen Church
(2) Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
House of Wittelsbach

House of Holstein-Gottorp, a branch of the House of Oldenburg

 House of Oldenburg

Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik)
25 March 1751 – 12 February 1771
Gottorp, Schleswig (in today's Germany), 14 May 1710, son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin and Albertina Frederica of Baden-DurlachLouisa Ulrika of Prussia
House of Hohenzollern
Stockholm Palace, 12 February 1771, aged 60, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustav III
12 February 1771 – 29 March 1792
Stockholm, 24 January [O.S. 13 January] 1746 son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of PrussiaSophia Magdalena of DenmarkAssassinated (shot in the back when he was at a masked ball at the opera, 16 March 1792). Died in Stockholm Palace, 29 March 1792, aged 46, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustav IV Adolph
29 March 1792 – 10 May 1809
with Charles, Duke of Södermanland as regent 1792–1796
Stockholm Palace, 1 November 1778 son of Gustav III and Sophia MagdalenaFrederica of Baden
House of Zähringen
St. Gallen, Switzerland, 7 February 1837, aged 58, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XIII (Karl XIII)
6 June 1809 – 5 February 1818
Stockholm, 7 October 1748, son of Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of PrussiaHedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-GottorpStockholm, 5 February 1818, aged 69, buried in Riddarholmen Church

House of Bernadotte

  House of Bernadotte
  House of Hesse

Charles XIV John (Karl XIV Johan)
(born Jean Bernadotte)
5 February 1818 – 8 March 1844
Pau, France, 26 January 1763 son of Jean Henri Bernadotte and Jeanne de Saint-VincentDésirée ClaryStockholm Palace, 8 March 1844, aged 81, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Oscar I
(born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte)
8 March 1844 – 8 July 1859
Paris, France, 4 July 1799, son of Charles XIV John and Désirée ClaryJosephine of Leuchtenberg
House of Beauharnais
Stockholm Palace, 8 July 1859, aged 60, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XV (Karl XV)
(Carl Ludvig Eugen)
8 July 1859 – 18 September 1872
Stockholm Palace, 3 May 1826 son of Oscar I and Josephine of LeuchtenbergLouise of the Netherlands
House of Orange-Nassau
Malmö, 18 September 1872, aged 46, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Oscar II
(Oscar Fredrik)
18 September 1872 – 8 December 1907
Stockholm, 21 January 1829 son of Oscar I and Josephine of LeuchtenbergSofia of Nassau
House of Orange-Nassau
Stockholm, 8 December 1907, aged 78, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustaf V
(Oscar Gustaf Adolf)
8 December 1907 – 29 October 1950
Drottningholm Palace, 16 June 1858 son of Oscar II and Sofia of NassauVictoria of Baden
House of Zähringen
Drottningholm Palace, 29 October 1950, aged 92, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustaf VI Adolf
(Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf)
29 October 1950 – 15 September 1973
Stockholm, 11 November 1882 son of Gustav V and Victoria of Baden(1, before his reign)
Margaret of Connaught
House of Wettin (Windsor)
Helsingborg, 15 September 1973, aged 90, buried at Royal Burial Ground
(2) Louise
House of Hesse (Battenberg/Mountbatten)
Carl XVI Gustaf
(Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus)
15 September 1973 – present
Haga Palace, 30 April 1946 son of Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and GothaSilvia SommerlathLiving

Timeline of Swedish monarchs

Carl XVI Gustaf of SwedenGustaf VI Adolf of SwedenGustaf V of SwedenOscar II of SwedenCharles XV of SwedenCharles XIV John of SwedenGustav III of SwedenCharles XII of SwedenCharles XI of SwedenCharles X GustavChristina of SwedenCharles IX of SwedenSigismund VasaGustav I of SwedenChristian II of DenmarkChristian I of DenmarkMargaret I of Denmark

See also

  • Constitution of Sweden
  • Dominions of Sweden
  • Government of Sweden
  • Kings of Sweden family tree
  • Lands of Sweden
  • Line of succession to the Swedish Throne
  • List of Swedes
  • List of Swedish consorts
  • List of Swedish governments
  • List of Swedish military commanders
  • List of Swedish politicians
  • Politics of Sweden
  • Prime Minister of Sweden
  • Provinces of Sweden
  • Realm of Sweden
  • Riksdag, Riksdag of the Estates
  • Royal mottos of Swedish monarchs
  • Swedish monarchs family tree
  • List of Danish monarchs
  • List of Norwegian monarchs
  • List of Estonian rulers
  • List of Finnish rulers
  • List of Greenlandic rulers
  • List of rulers of Iceland
  • Pomeranian rulers
  • Lists of incumbents


  1. The birth date is December 8 in the Julian calendar, which was in effect in Sweden at the time, corresponding to December 18 in the Gregorian calendar.



  1. "Estats de la Couronne de Suede. 1719". The Map House of London. Jacques Chiquet.
  2. Torbjörn., Larsson (2008). Governing and governance in Sweden. Bäck, Henry. (Ed. 1:1 ed.). [Lund, Sweden]: Studentlitteratur. ISBN 9789144036823. OCLC 371539172.
  3. Lagerqvist in Sverige och dess regenter under 1000 år ISBN 91-0-075007-7 p. 23


  • The Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Vol.I. Cambridge University Press, 2003 (ISBN 0-521-47299-7).
  • Morby John E. Dynasties of the World. Oxford University Press, 2002 (ISBN 0-19-860473-4).
  • Liljegren, Bengt. Rulers of Sweden. Historiska Media, 2004 (ISBN 91-85057-63-0).
  • Lagerqvist Lars O., Åberg Nils. Kings and Rulers of Sweden. Vincent Publications, 2002 (ISBN 91-87064-35-9).
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