List of Stanley Cup champions

The Stanley Cup is a trophy awarded annually to the playoff champion club of the National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey league. It was donated by the Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892, and is the oldest professional sports trophy in North America.[1] Inscribed the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, the trophy was first awarded to Canada's amateur ice hockey clubs who won the trophy as the result of challenge games and league play. Professional clubs came to dominate the competition in the early years of the twentieth century, and in 1913 the two major professional ice hockey organizations, the National Hockey Association (NHA) (forerunner of the NHL) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other in an annual series for the Stanley Cup. After a series of league mergers and folds, it became the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926, though it was nominally still subject to external challenge. After 1947, the Cup became the de jure NHL championship prize.

From 1914 to the end of the 2020 season, the trophy has been won 102 times. 25 teams have won the cup, 20 of which are still active in the NHL. Prior to that, the challenge cup was held by nine teams. The Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup 24 times and made the finals an additional ten times. There were two years when the Stanley Cup was not awarded: 1919, because of the Spanish flu pandemic, and 2005, because of the NHL lockout.

Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)

The first Challenge Cup champions: Montreal Hockey Club

The origins of the Challenge era come from the method of play of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada prior to 1893. From 1887 to 1893, the league did not play a round-robin format, but rather challenges between teams of the association that year, with the winner of the series being the 'interim' champion, with the final challenge winner becoming the league champion for the year. The Stanley Cup kept the tradition going, but added league championships as another way that a team could win the trophy. If a team in the same league as the current champion won the league championship, it would then inherit the Cup, without a challenge. The only time this rule was not followed was in 1904, when the Ottawa Senators club withdrew from its league, the CAHL. The trustees ruled that the Cup stayed with Ottawa, instead of the CAHL league champion.

During the challenge cup period, none of the leagues that played for the trophy had a formal playoff system to decide their respective champions; whichever team finished in first place after the regular season won the league title.[2] A playoff would only be played if teams tied for first-place in their leagues at the end of the regular season. Challenge games were played until 1912 at any time during hockey season by challenges approved and/or ordered by the Stanley Cup trustees. In 1912, Cup trustees declared that it was only to be defended at the end of the champion team's regular season.[3]

In 1908, the Allan Cup was introduced as the trophy for Canada's amateurs, as the Stanley Cup became a symbol of professional hockey supremacy.[4]

This table lists the outcome of all Stanley Cup wins, including successful victories and defenses in challenges, and league championships for the challenge era.

Date Winning team Coach Losing team Playoff format Score Winning goal
March 17, 1893 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) Harry Shaw (manager) 1893 AHAC champions, no challengers
March 22, 1894 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) Ottawa Hockey Club (AHAC) Single-elimination
(1894 AHAC championship playoff)
3–1 Billy Barlow (9:00, third quarter)
March 9, 1895 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)[A] Queen's University (OHA) Single-elimination 5–1
March 9, 1895 Montreal Victorias (AHAC)[A] Mike Grant (captain) 1895 AHAC Champion
February 14, 1896 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Jack Armytage (captain) Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Single-elimination 2–0 Jack Armytage (10:00, first half)[5][6]
February 29, 1896 1896 MHA champion[7]
December 30, 1896 Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Mike Grant (captain) Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Single-elimination 6–5 Ernie McLea (28:00, second half)
March 6, 1897 1897 AHAC Champion
December 27, 1897 Ottawa Capitals (CCHA) Single-elimination[B] 15–2
March 5, 1898 Frank Richardson-playing 1898 AHAC Champion
February 15–18, 1899 Montreal Victorias (CAHL) Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Two-game total goals 5–3 Robert MacDougall (second half)
March 4, 1899 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy 1899 CAHL Champion
March 14, 1899 Queen's University (OHA) Single-elimination 6–2 Harry Trihey
February 12–15, 1900 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Harry Trihey (second half)
March 7, 1900 Halifax Crescents (MaPHL) 2–0 (10–2, 11–0)
March 10, 1900 1900 CAHL Champion
January 29–31, 1901 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Dan Bain (captain) Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Dan Bain (4:00, OT)
February 19, 1901 Winnipeg Hockey Club (MHA) Single-elimination
(1901 MHA championship)
January 21–23, 1902 Toronto Wellingtons (OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Fred Scanlon (9:00, second half)
March 1902 1902 MHA Champion
March 13–17, 1902 Montreal AAA (CAHL) Clarence McKerrow Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Jack Marshall (first half)
January 29–31,
February 2–4, 1903
Desse Browne Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1[C] Tom Phillips
March 7–10, 1903 Ottawa Silver Sevens (CAHL) Alf Smith Montreal Victorias (CAHL) Two-game total goals
(1903 CAHL championship playoff)
9–1 Suddy Gilmour (4:34, first half, second game)
March 12–14, 1903 Rat Portage Thistles (MNWHA) Two-game total goals 10–4 Frank McGee (8:20, first half)
December 30, 1903, January 1–4, 1904 Alf Smith-playing Winnipeg Rowing Club (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee (11:00, second half)
February 23–25, 1904 Ottawa Silver Sevens[D] Toronto Marlboros (OHA) 2–0 Arthur Moore (9:38, first half)
March 2, 1904 Montreal Wanderers (FAHL) Two-game total goals [E]
March 9–11, 1904 Brandon Wheat City (MNWHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Frank McGee (18:00, first half)
January 13–16, 1905 Ottawa Silver Sevens (FAHL) Dawson City Nuggets 2–0 Harry Westwick (12:15, first half)
March 3, 1905 1905 FAHL Champion
March 7–9–11, 1905 Rat Portage Thistles (MHL) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee
February 27–28, 1906 Queen's University (OHA) 2–0 Harvey Pulford (10:00, second half)
March 6–8, 1906 Smiths Falls Hockey Club (FAHL) 2–0 Frank McGee (17:45, first half)
March 14–17, 1906 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford-playing Ottawa Silve Sevens (ECAHA) Two-game total goals
(1906 ECAHA championship playoff)
12–10 Lester Patrick
December 27–29, 1906 New Glasgow Cubs (MaHL) Two-game total goals 17–5
January 21–23, 1907 Kenora Thistles (MPHL) James Link Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) 12–8 Roxy Beaudro
March 16–18, 1907 Brandon Wheat City (MPHL) Best-of-three
(1907 MPHL championship)
2–0 Fred Whitcroft (19:00, first half)[9]
March 23–25, 1907 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Lester Patrick (captain) Kenora Thistles (MPHL) Two-game total goals 12–8 Ernest "Moose" Johnson
January 9–13, 1908 Cecil Blachford (captain) Ottawa Victorias (FAHL) 22–4 Frank Glass (25:00, first half, first game)[10]
March 7, 1908 1908 ECAHA Champions
March 10–12, 1908 Winnipeg Maple Leafs (MPHL) Two-game total goals 20–8
March 14, 1908 Toronto Pros (OPHL) Single-elimination 6–4 Ernest "Moose" Johnson
December 28–30, 1908 Edmonton Eskimos (AAHA) Two-game total goals 13–10 Walter Smaill (33:45, second half, second game)[11]
March 6, 1909 Ottawa Hockey Club (ECHA) Pete Green 1909 ECHA champions
January 5–7, 1910 Galt Hockey Club (OPHL) Two-game total goals 15–4 Hamby Shore (10:10, first half, first game)[12]
January 18–20, 1910 Edmonton Eskimos (AAHA) 21–11 Bruce Stuart (23:45, first half)
March 9, 1910 Montreal Wanderers (NHA) Frank Glass (captain) 1910 NHA Champion
March 12, 1910 Berlin Dutchmen (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–3 Harry Hyland (22:00, first half)
March 10, 1911 Ottawa Senators (NHA) Pete Green 1911 NHA Champions
March 13, 1911 Galt Hockey Clug (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–4 Marty Walsh (5:00, third)
March 16, 1911 Port Arthur Bearcats
(New Ontario Hockey League)
13–4 Marty Walsh (4:30, second)
March 5, 1912 Quebec Bulldogs (NHA) Charles Nolan 1912 NHA Champions
March 11–13, 1912 Moncton Victorias (MaPHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Joe Malone (18:00, first)
March 5, 1913 Joe Malone (captain) 1913 NHA Champions
March 8–10, 1913 Sydney Millionaires (MaPHL) Two-game total goals 20–5 Tommy Smith (3:10, second, first game)[13]
March 7–11, 1914 Toronto Hockey Club (NHA) Jack Marshall (playing-manager) Montreal Canadiens (NHA) Two-game total goals
(1914 NHA championship playoff)
6–2 Scotty Davidson (2:00, third, second game)[14]
March 14–17–19, 1914 Toronto Hockey Club (NHA) Jack Marshall (playing-manager) Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA) Best-of-five 3–0[F] Harry Cameron (7:00, third)[15]

^ A. Although the Montreal Victorias won the AHAC title in 1895, the Stanley Cup trustees had already accepted a challenge from the 1894 Cup champion Montreal HC and Queen's University. As a compromise, the trustees decided that if the Montreal HC won the challenge match, the Victorias would become the Stanley Cup champions. The Montreals eventually won the game, 5–1, and their crosstown rivals were awarded the Cup.

^ B. Intended to be a best-of-three series, Ottawa Capitals withdrew their challenge after the first game.

^ C. The January 31 (a Saturday) game was tied 2–2 at midnight and the Mayor of Westmount refused to allow play to continue on Sunday. The game was played on February 2 (a Monday) and the January 31 game was considered to be void.[16]

^ D. For most of 1904, the Ottawa Hockey Club was not affiliated with any league.

^ E. The Montreal Wanderers were disqualified as the result of a dispute. After game one ended tied at the end of regulation, 5–5, the Wanderers refused to play overtime with the current referee, and then subsequently refused to play the next game of the series in Ottawa.

^ F. During the series, it was revealed that the Victoria club had not filed a formal challenge. A letter arrived from the Stanley Cup trustees on March 17, stating that the trustees would not let the Stanley Cup travel west, as they did not consider Victoria a proper challenger because they had not formally notified the trustees.[17] However, on March 18, Trustee William Foran stated that it was a misunderstanding. PCHA president Frank Patrick had not filed a challenge because he had expected Emmett Quinn, president of the NHA to make all of the arrangements in his role as hockey commissioner, whereas the trustees thought they were being deliberately ignored. In any case, all arrangements had been ironed out and the Victoria challenge was accepted.[18][19]

  • Coleman, Charles L. (1964). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc. Sherbrooke, Quebec: Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Limited.
  • Montreal Gazette
  • Ottawa Citizen
  • Ottawa Journal
  • Winnipeg Tribune

NHA/NHL vs. PCHA/WCHL/WHL champions (1915–1926)

Several days after the Victoria Aristocrats – Toronto Hockey Club series, Stanley Cup trustee William Foran wrote to NHA president Emmett Quinn that the trustees are "perfectly satisfied to allow the representatives of the three pro leagues (NHA, PCHA, and Maritime) to make all arrangements each season as to the series of matches to be played for the Cup." The Maritime league did not challenge for cup in 1914, and folded after the 1915 season.[20] The Stanley Cup championship finals alternated between the East and the West each year, with games played alternately under NHA or PCHA rules.[21] The Cup trustees agreed to this new arrangement, because after the Allan Cup became the highest prize for amateur hockey teams in Canada, the trustees had become dependent on the top two professional leagues to bolster the prominence of the trophy.[22] After the New Westminster Royal moved to Portland in the summer of 1914 becoming the Portland Rosebuds, an American-based team, the trustees issued a statement that the Cup was no longer for the best team in Canada, but now for the best team in the world.[21] In March 1916, the Rosebuds became the first American team to play in the Stanley Cup championship final.[23] In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first American team to win the Cup.[24] After that season, the NHA suspended operations and the National Hockey League (NHL) took its place.[21]

In 1919, the Spanish influenza epidemic forced the Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans to cancel their series tied at 2–2–1, marking the first time the Stanley Cup was not awarded.[25]

The format for the Stanley Cup championship changed in 1922, with the creation of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). Now three leagues competed for the Cup and this necessitated a semi-final series between two league champions, with the third having a bye directly to the final.[26] In 1924, the PCHA folded and only the Vancouver and Victoria teams entered the WCHL. With the loss of the PCHA, the championship reverted to a single series.[27] After their win in 1925, the Victoria Cougars became the last team outside the NHL to win the Stanley Cup.[28] For the 1925–26 season the WCHL was renamed the Western Hockey League (WHL). With the Victoria Cougars' loss in 1926, it would be the last time a non-NHL team competed for the Stanley Cup.

Numbers in parentheses in the table indicate the number of times that team has appeared in the Stanley Cup Finals, as well as each respective teams' Stanley Cup Finals record to date.
YearWinning teamCoachGamesLosing teamCoachWinning goal
1915Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (1, 1–0)Frank Patrick-playing3–0Ottawa Senators (NHA) (1, 0–1)Frank Shaughnessy (manager)Barney Stanley (5:30, second)
1916Montreal Canadiens (NHA) (1, 1–0)Newsy Lalonde-playing3–2Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) (1, 0–1)Edward Savage (manager)George Prodgers (17:20, third)
1917Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) (1, 1–0)Pete Muldoon3–1Montreal Canadiens (NHA) (2, 1–1)Newsy Lalonde-playingBernie Morris (7:55, first)
1918Toronto Arenas[29] (NHL) (1, 1–0)Dick Carroll3–2Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (2, 1–1)Frank Patrick-playingCorb Denneny (10:30, third)
1919Montreal Canadiens (NHL) vs. Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) – Series cancelled after the fifth game because of the flu epidemic – Stanley Cup not awarded
1920Ottawa Senators (NHL) (2, 1–1)Pete Green3–2Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) (3, 1–1)Pete MuldoonJack Darragh (5:00, third)
1921Ottawa Senators (NHL) (3, 2–1)3–2Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (3, 1–2)Frank Patrick-playingJack Darragh (9:40, second)
1922Toronto St. Patricks (NHL) (2, 2–0)George O'Donoghue3–2Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (4, 1–3)Babe Dye (4:20, first)
1923Ottawa Senators (NHL) (4, 3–1)Pete Green2–0Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL) (1, 0–1)Ken McKenzinePunch Broadbent (11:23, first)
1924Montreal Canadiens (NHL) (4, 2–1)Léo Dandurand2–0Calgary Tigers (WCHL) (1, 0–1)Eddie Oatman-playingHowie Morenz (4:55, first)
1925Victoria Cougars (WCHL) (1, 1–0)Lester Patrick3–1Montreal Canadiens (NHL) (5, 2–2)Léo DandurandGizzy Hart (2:35, second)
1926Montreal Maroons (NHL) (1, 1–0)Eddie Gerard3–1Victoria Cougars (WHL) (2, 1–1)Lester PatrickNels Stewart (2:50, second)

NHL champions (since 1927)

When the WHL folded in 1926 its remaining assets were acquired by the NHL, making it the only remaining league with teams competing for the Cup. Other leagues and clubs have issued challenges, but from that year forward no non-NHL team has played for it, leading it to become the de facto championship trophy of the NHL.[27] In 1947 the NHL reached an agreement with trustees P. D. Ross and Cooper Smeaton to grant control of the Cup to the NHL, allowing the league itself to reject challenges from other leagues that may have wished to play for the Cup.[30][31] A 2006 Ontario Superior Court case found that the trustees had gone against Lord Stanley's conditions in the 1947 agreement.[32] The NHL has agreed to allow other teams to play for the Cup should the league not be operating, as was the case in the 2004–05 NHL lockout.[31]

Since 1927, the league's playoff format, deciding which teams advanced to the Stanley Cup Finals, has changed multiple times. In some systems that were previously used, playoff teams were seeded regardless of division or conference. From 1942 to 1967 the Cup was competed for by the league's six teams, also known as the Original Six. After the 1967 NHL Expansion, the Stanley Cup was competed for by the winners of each conference. Since 1982, the Finals have been played between the league's conference playoff champions. As of the 2020 Stanley Cup Finals, the Campbell/Western champions have gone a combined 111–101 in the Finals against the Wales/Eastern champions (winning 20 of 38 series).

Numbers in parentheses in the table indicate the number of times that team has appeared in the Stanley Cup Finals, as well as each respective team's Stanley Cup Finals record to date.
YearWinning teamCoachGamesLosing teamCoachWinning goal
1927Ottawa Senators (C) (5, 4–1)Dave Gill2–0–2Boston Bruins (A) (1, 0–1)Art RossCy Denneny (7:30, second)
1928New York Rangers (A) (1, 1–0)Lester Patrick-playing3–2Montreal Maroons (C) (2, 1–1)Eddie GerardFrank Boucher (3:35, third)
1929Boston Bruins (A) (2, 1–1)Cy Denneny-playing2–0New York Rangers (A) (2, 1–1)Lester PatrickBill Carson (18:02, third)
1930Montreal Canadiens (C) (6, 3–2)Cecil Hart2–0Boston Bruins (A) (3, 1–2)Art RossHowie Morenz (1:00, second)
1931Montreal Canadiens (C) (7, 4–2)3–2Chicago Black Hawks (A) (1, 0–1)Dick IrvinJohnny Gagnon (9:59, second)
1932Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (3, 3–0)Dick Irvin3–0New York Rangers (A) (3, 1–2)Lester PatrickAce Bailey (15:07, third)
1933New York Rangers (A) (4, 2–2)Lester Patrick3–1Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (4, 3–1)Dick IrvinBill Cook (7:34, OT)
1934Chicago Black Hawks (A) (2, 1–1)Tommy Gorman3–1Detroit Red Wings (A) (1, 0–1)Jack AdamsMush March (10:05, second OT)
1935Montreal Maroons (C) (2, 2–1)3–0Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (5, 3–2)Dick IrvinBaldy Northcott (16:18, second)
1936Detroit Red Wings (A) (2, 1–1)Jack Adams3–1Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (6, 3–3)Pete Kelly (9:45, third)
1937Detroit Red Wings (A) (3, 2–1)3–2New York Rangers (A) (5, 2–3)Lester PatrickMarty Barry (19:22, first)
1938Chicago Black Hawks (A) (3, 2–1)Bill Stewart3–1Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (7, 3–4)Dick IrvinCarl Voss (16:45, second)
1939Boston Bruins (4, 2–2)Art Ross4–1Toronto Maple Leafs (8, 3–5)Roy Conacher (17:54, second)
1940New York Rangers (6, 3–3)Frank Boucher4–2Toronto Maple Leafs (9, 3–6)Bryan Hextall (2:07, OT)
1941Boston Bruins (5, 3–2)Cooney Weiland4–0Detroit Red Wings (4, 2–2)Jack AdamsBobby Bauer (8:43, second)
1942Toronto Maple Leafs (10, 4–6)Hap Day4–3Detroit Red Wings (5, 2–3)Jack AdamsPete Langelle (9:48, third)
1943Detroit Red Wings (6, 3–3)Jack Adams4–0Boston Bruins (6, 3–3)Art RossJoe Carveth (12:09, first)
1944Montreal Canadiens (8, 5–2)Dick Irvin4–0Chicago Black Hawks (4, 2–2)Paul ThompsonToe Blake (9:12, OT)
1945Toronto Maple Leafs (11, 5–6)Hap Day4–3Detroit Red Wings (7, 3–4)Jack AdamsBabe Pratt (12:14, third)
1946Montreal Canadiens (9, 6–2)Dick Irvin4–1Boston Bruins (7, 3–4)Dit ClapperToe Blake (11:06, third)
1947Toronto Maple Leafs (12, 6–6)Hap Day4–2Montreal Canadiens (10, 6–3)Dick IrvinTed Kennedy (14:39, third)
1948Toronto Maple Leafs (13, 7–6)4–0Detroit Red Wings (8, 3–5)Tommy IvanHarry Watson (11:13, first)
1949Toronto Maple Leafs (14, 8–6)4–0Detroit Red Wings (9, 3–6)Cal Gardner (19:45, second)
1950Detroit Red Wings (10, 4–6)Tommy Ivan4–3New York Rangers (7, 3–4)Lynn PatrickPete Babando (8:31, second OT)
1951Toronto Maple Leafs (15, 9–6)Joe Primeau4–1Montreal Canadiens (11, 6–4)Dick IrvinBill Barilko (2:53, OT)
1952Detroit Red Wings (11, 5–6)Tommy Ivan4–0Montreal Canadiens (12, 6–5)Metro Prystai (6:50, first)
1953Montreal Canadiens (13, 7–5)Dick Irvin4–1Boston Bruins (8, 3–5)Lynn PatrickElmer Lach (1:22, OT)
1954Detroit Red Wings (12, 6–6)Tommy Ivan4–3Montreal Canadiens (14, 7–6)Dick IrvinTony Leswick (4:20, OT)
1955Detroit Red Wings (13, 7–6)Jimmy Skinner4–3Montreal Canadiens (15, 7–7)Gordie Howe (19:49, second)
1956Montreal Canadiens (16, 8–7)Toe Blake4–1Detroit Red Wings (14, 7–7)Jimmy SkinnerMaurice Richard (15:08, second)
1957Montreal Canadiens (17, 9–7)4–1Boston Bruins (9, 3–6)Milt SchmidtDickie Moore (0:14, second)
1958Montreal Canadiens (18, 10–7)4–2Boston Bruins (10, 3–7)Bernie Geoffrion (19:26, second)
1959Montreal Canadiens (19, 11–7)4–1Toronto Maple Leafs (16, 9–7)Punch ImlachMarcel Bonin (9:55, second)
1960Montreal Canadiens (20, 12–7)4–0Toronto Maple Leafs (17, 9–8)Jean Beliveau (8:16, first)
1961Chicago Black Hawks (5, 3–2)Rudy Pilous4–2Detroit Red Wings (15, 7–8)Sid AbelAb McDonald (18:49, second)
1962Toronto Maple Leafs (18, 10–8)Punch Imlach4–2Chicago Black Hawks (6, 3–3)Rudy PilousDick Duff (14:14, third)
1963Toronto Maple Leafs (19, 11–8)4–1Detroit Red Wings (16, 7–9)Sid AbelEddie Shack (13:28, third)
1964Toronto Maple Leafs (20, 12–8)4–3Detroit Red Wings (17, 7–10)Andy Bathgate (3:04, first)
1965Montreal Canadiens (21, 13–7)Toe Blake4–3Chicago Black Hawks (7, 3–4)Billy ReayJean Beliveau (0:14, first)
1966Montreal Canadiens (22, 14–7)4–2Detroit Red Wings (18, 7–11)Sid AbelHenri Richard (2:20, OT)
1967Toronto Maple Leafs (21, 13–8)Punch Imlach4–2Montreal Canadiens (23, 14–8)Toe BlakeJim Pappin (19:24, second)
1968Montreal Canadiens (E) (24, 15–8)Toe Blake4–0St. Louis Blues (W) (1, 0–1)Scotty BowmanJ. C. Tremblay (11:40, third)
1969Montreal Canadiens (E) (25, 16–8)Claude Ruel4–0St. Louis Blues (W) (2, 0–2)John Ferguson (3:02, third)
1970Boston Bruins (E) (11, 4–7)Harry Sinden4–0St. Louis Blues (W) (3, 0–3)Bobby Orr (0:40, OT)
1971Montreal Canadiens (E) (26, 17–8)Al MacNeil4–3Chicago Black Hawks (W) (8, 3–5)Billy ReayHenri Richard (2:34, third)
1972Boston Bruins (E) (12, 5–7)Tom Johnson4–2New York Rangers (E) (8, 3–5)Emile FrancisBobby Orr (11:18, first)
1973Montreal Canadiens (E) (27, 18–8)Scotty Bowman4–2Chicago Black Hawks (W) (9, 3–6)Billy ReayYvan Cournoyer (8:13, third)
1974Philadelphia Flyers (W) (1, 1–0)Fred Shero4–2Boston Bruins (E) (13, 5–8)Bep GuidolinRick MacLeish (14:48, first)
1975Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (2, 2–0)4–2Buffalo Sabres (PW) (1, 0–1)Floyd SmithBob Kelly (0:11, third)
1976Montreal Canadiens (PW) (28, 19–8)Scotty Bowman4–0Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (3, 2–1)Fred SheroGuy Lafleur (14:18, third)
1977Montreal Canadiens (PW) (29, 20–8)4–0Boston Bruins (PW) (14, 5–9)Don CherryJacques Lemaire (4:32, OT)
1978Montreal Canadiens (PW) (30, 21–8)4–2Boston Bruins (PW) (15, 5–10)Mario Tremblay (9:20, first)
1979Montreal Canadiens (PW) (31, 22–8)4–1New York Rangers (CC) (9, 3–6)Fred SheroJacques Lemaire (1:02, second)
1980New York Islanders (CC) (1, 1–0)Al Arbour4–2Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (4, 2–2)Pat QuinnBob Nystrom (7:11, OT)
1981New York Islanders (CC) (2, 2–0)4–1Minnesota North Stars (PW) (1, 0–1)Glen SonmorWayne Merrick (5:37, first)
1982New York Islanders (PW) (3, 3–0)4–0Vancouver Canucks (CC) (1, 0–1)Roger NeilsonMike Bossy (5:00, second)
1983New York Islanders (PW) (4, 4–0)4–0Edmonton Oilers (CC) (1, 0–1)Glen SatherMike Bossy (12:39, first)
1984Edmonton Oilers (CC) (2, 1–1)Glen Sather4–1New York Islanders (PW) (5, 4–1)Al ArbourKen Linseman (0:38, second)
1985Edmonton Oilers (CC) (3, 2–1)4–1Philadelphia Flyers (PW) (5, 2–3)Mike KeenanPaul Coffey (17:57, first)
1986Montreal Canadiens (PW) (32, 23–8)Jean Perron4–1Calgary Flames (CC) (1, 0–1)Bob JohnsonBobby Smith (10:30, third)
1987Edmonton Oilers (CC) (4, 3–1)Glen Sather4–3Philadelphia Flyers (PW) (6, 2–4)Mike KeenanJari Kurri (14:59, second)
1988Edmonton Oilers (CC) (5, 4–1)4–0Boston Bruins (PW) (16, 5–11)Terry O'ReillyWayne Gretzky (9:44, second)
1989Calgary Flames (CC) (2, 1–1)Terry Crisp4–2Montreal Canadiens (PW) (33, 23–9)Pat BurnsDoug Gilmour (11:02, third)
1990Edmonton Oilers (CC) (6, 5–1)John Muckler4–1Boston Bruins (PW) (17, 5–12)Mike MilburyCraig Simpson (9:31, second)
1991Pittsburgh Penguins (PW) (1, 1–0)Bob Johnson4–2Minnesota North Stars (CC) (2, 0–2)Bob GaineyUlf Samuelsson (2:00, first)
1992Pittsburgh Penguins (PW) (2, 2–0)Scotty Bowman4–0Chicago Blackhawks (CC) (10, 3–7)Mike KeenanRon Francis (7:59, third)
1993Montreal Canadiens (PW) (34, 24–9)Jacques Demers4–1Los Angeles Kings (CC) (1, 0–1)Barry MelroseKirk Muller (3:51, second)
1994New York Rangers (EC) (10, 4–6)Mike Keenan4–3Vancouver Canucks (WC) (2, 0–2)Pat QuinnMark Messier (13:29, second)
1995New Jersey Devils (EC) (1, 1–0)Jacques Lemaire4–0Detroit Red Wings (WC) (19, 7–12)Scotty BowmanNeal Broten (7:56, second)
1996Colorado Avalanche (WC) (1, 1–0)Marc Crawford4–0Florida Panthers (EC) (1, 0–1)Doug MacLeanUwe Krupp (4:31, third OT)
1997Detroit Red Wings (WC) (20, 8–12)Scotty Bowman4–0Philadelphia Flyers (EC) (7, 2–5)Terry MurrayDarren McCarty (13:02, second)
1998Detroit Red Wings (WC) (21, 9–12)4–0Washington Capitals (EC) (1, 0–1)Ron WilsonMartin Lapointe (2:26, second)
1999Dallas Stars (WC) (3, 1–2)Ken Hitchcock4–2Buffalo Sabres (EC) (2, 0–2)Lindy RuffBrett Hull (14:51, third OT)
2000New Jersey Devils (EC) (2, 2–0)Larry Robinson (interim)4–2Dallas Stars (WC) (4, 1–3)Ken HitchcockJason Arnott (8:20, second OT)
2001Colorado Avalanche (WC) (2, 2–0)Bob Hartley4–3New Jersey Devils (EC) (3, 2–1)Larry RobinsonAlex Tanguay (4:57, second)
2002Detroit Red Wings (WC) (22, 10–12)Scotty Bowman4–1Carolina Hurricanes (EC) (1, 0–1)Paul MauriceBrendan Shanahan (14:04, second)
2003New Jersey Devils (EC) (4, 3–1)Pat Burns4–3Mighty Ducks of Anaheim (WC) (1, 0–1)Mike BabcockMichael Rupp (2:22, second)
2004Tampa Bay Lightning (EC) (1, 1–0)John Tortorella4–3Calgary Flames (WC) (3, 1–2)Darryl SutterRuslan Fedotenko (14:38, second)
2005Season cancelled due to the 2004–05 NHL lockout
2006Carolina Hurricanes (EC) (2, 1–1)Peter Laviolette4–3Edmonton Oilers (WC) (7, 5–2)Craig MacTavishFrantisek Kaberle (4:18, second)
2007Anaheim Ducks (WC) (2, 1–1)Randy Carlyle4–1Ottawa Senators (EC) (1, 0–1)Bryan MurrayTravis Moen (15:44, second)
2008Detroit Red Wings (WC) (23, 11–12)Mike Babcock4–2Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (3, 2–1)Michel TherrienHenrik Zetterberg (7:36, third)
2009Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (4, 3–1)Dan Bylsma4–3Detroit Red Wings (WC) (24, 11–13)Mike BabcockMaxime Talbot (10:07, second)
2010Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (11, 4–7)Joel Quenneville4–2Philadelphia Flyers (EC) (8, 2–6)Peter LaviolettePatrick Kane (4:06, OT)
2011Boston Bruins (EC) (18, 6–12)Claude Julien4–3Vancouver Canucks (WC) (3, 0–3)Alain VigneaultPatrice Bergeron (14:37, first)
2012Los Angeles Kings (WC) (2, 1–1)Darryl Sutter4–2New Jersey Devils (EC) (5, 3–2)Peter DeBoerJeff Carter (12:45, first)
2013Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (12, 5–7)Joel Quenneville4–2Boston Bruins (EC) (19, 6–13)Claude JulienDave Bolland (19:01, third)
2014Los Angeles Kings (WC) (3, 2–1)Darryl Sutter4–1New York Rangers (EC) (11, 4–7)Alain VigneaultAlec Martinez (14:43, second OT)
2015Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (13, 6–7)Joel Quenneville4–2Tampa Bay Lightning (EC) (2, 1–1)Jon CooperDuncan Keith (17:13, second)
2016Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (5, 4–1)Mike Sullivan4–2San Jose Sharks (WC) (1, 0–1)Peter DeBoerKris Letang (7:46, second)
2017Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (6, 5–1)4–2Nashville Predators (WC) (1, 0–1)Peter LaviolettePatric Hornqvist (18:25, third)
2018Washington Capitals (EC) (2, 1–1)Barry Trotz4–1Vegas Golden Knights (WC) (1, 0–1)Gerard GallantLars Eller (12:23, third)
2019St. Louis Blues (WC) (4, 1–3)Craig Berube (interim)4–3Boston Bruins (EC) (20, 6–14)Bruce CassidyAlex Pietrangelo (19:52, first)
2020Tampa Bay Lightning (EC) (3, 2–1)Jon Cooper4–2Dallas Stars (WC) (5, 1–4)Rick Bowness (interim)Brayden Point (12:23, first)


Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)

Legend: SC = successful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (win); UC = unsuccessful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (loss); Years in bold denote a Stanley Cup win.

TeamSCUCTotalWin %Appearances
Ottawa HC17219.8951894, 1903 (2), 1904 (4), 1905 (3), 1906 (2), 1906, 1909, 1910 (2), 1911 (3)
Montreal Wanderers10212.8331904, 1906 (2), 1907, 1907, 1908 (5), 1910 (2)
Winnipeg Victorias6511.5451896 (2), 1896, 1899, 1900, 1901 (2), 1902 (2), 1902, 1903
Montreal Victorias628.7501895, 1896, 1896, 1897 (2), 1898, 1899, 1903
Montreal Shamrocks516.8331899 (2), 1900 (3), 1901
Montreal HC5051.0001893, 1894, 1895, 1902, 1903
Quebec Bulldogs4041.0001912 (2), 1913 (2)
Rat Portage/Kenora Thistles235.4001903, 1905, 1907 (2), 1907
Toronto Blueshirts2021.0001914 (2)
Queen's University033.0001895, 1899, 1906
Brandon Wheat City022.0001904, 1907
Edmonton HC022.0001908, 1910
Galt HC022.0001910, 1911
Winnipeg Maple Leafs022.0001901, 1908

The following 16 teams unsuccessfully challenged for a Stanley Cup only once: Berlin Dutchmen (1910), Dawson City Nuggets (1905), Halifax Crescents (1900), Moncton Victorias (1912), Montreal Canadiens (1914), New Glasgow Cubs (1906), Ottawa Capitals (1897), Ottawa Victorias (1908), Port Arthur Bearcats (1911), Smiths Falls (1906), Sydney Millionaires (1913), Toronto Marlboros (1904), Toronto Professionals (1908), Toronto Wellingtons (1902), Victoria Aristocrats (1914), Winnipeg Rowing Club (1904).

Active teams

In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of appearances, then by number of wins, and finally by alphabetical order. In the "Years of appearance" column, bold years indicate winning Stanley Cup Finals appearances. Unless marked otherwise, teams played in the NHL exclusively at the time they competed for the Stanley Cup.

Apps Team Wins Losses Win % Season(s)
34[a]Montreal Canadiens249[a].7271916, 1917, 1919[a], 1924, 1925, 1930, 1931, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1989, 1993
24Detroit Red Wings1113.4581934, 1936, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2008, 2009
21Toronto Maple Leafs[b]138.6191918, 1922, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1967
20Boston Bruins614.3001927, 1929, 1930, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1958, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1988, 1990, 2011, 2013, 2019
13Chicago Blackhawks[c]67.4621931, 1934, 1938, 1944, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1992, 2010, 2013, 2015
11New York Rangers47.3641928, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1937, 1940, 1950, 1972, 1979, 1994, 2014
8Philadelphia Flyers26.2501974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1987, 1997, 2010
7Edmonton Oilers52.7141983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 2006
6Pittsburgh Penguins51.8331991, 1992, 2008, 2009, 2016, 2017
5New York Islanders41.8001980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984
5New Jersey Devils32.6001995, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2012
5Dallas Stars[d]14.2001981, 1991, 1999, 2000, 2020
4St. Louis Blues13.2501968, 1969, 1970, 2019
3Los Angeles Kings21.6671993, 2012, 2014
3Tampa Bay Lightning21.6672004, 2015, 2020
3Calgary Flames12.3331986, 1989, 2004
3Vancouver Canucks03.0001982, 1994, 2011
2Colorado Avalanche201.0001996, 2001
2Anaheim Ducks[e]11.5002003, 2007
2Carolina Hurricanes11.5002002, 2006
2Washington Capitals11.5001998, 2018
2Buffalo Sabres02.0001975, 1999
1Florida Panthers01.0001996
1Nashville Predators01.0002017
1Ottawa Senators[f]01.0002007
1San Jose Sharks01.0002016
1Vegas Golden Knights01.0002018

Four active teams have yet to make a Stanley Cup Finals appearance. Two of these teams have remained in the same location since their inceptions:

  • Columbus Blue Jackets (19 seasons, 6 playoffs)
  • Minnesota Wild (19 seasons, 10 playoffs, 1 division title)

The other two teams have relocated and have not made the Finals in either location:

  • Atlanta Thrashers (11 seasons, 1 playoff, 1 division title) / Winnipeg Jets (9 seasons, 4 playoffs)
  • Winnipeg Jets (original team) (17 seasons, 11 playoffs) / Phoenix Coyotes/Arizona Coyotes (23 seasons, 9 playoffs, 1 division title)

Five relocated teams that have won the Stanley Cup in their current locations and never in their former locations:

  • Quebec Nordiques (16 seasons, 9 playoffs, 2 division titles) – won 2 Stanley Cups as Colorado Avalanche
  • Kansas City Scouts (2 seasons, never made playoff contention)/Colorado Rockies (6 seasons, 1 playoff) – won 3 Stanley Cups as New Jersey Devils
  • California Golden Seals (9 seasons, 2 playoffs)/Cleveland Barons (2 seasons, never made playoff contention) – merged with Minnesota North Stars who lost twice in the Finals then won the Stanley Cup once as Dallas Stars
  • Atlanta Flames (8 seasons, 6 playoffs) – won Stanley Cup once as Calgary Flames
  • Hartford Whalers (18 seasons, 8 playoffs, 1 division title) – won Stanley Cup once as Carolina Hurricanes

Defunct teams

Listed after the team name is the name of the affiliated league(s) when the team competed for the Stanley Cup. A bold year denotes a Stanley Cup win.

Apps Team Wins Losses Win % Season(s)
5Ottawa Senators (NHA/NHL)41.8001915, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1927
4Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA/WCHL)13.2501915, 1918, 1921, 1922
3Montreal Maroons (NHL)21.6671926, 1928, 1935
3[a]Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA)11[a].5001917, 1919[a], 1920
2Victoria Cougars (WCHL/WHL)11.5001925, 1926
1Portland Rosebuds (PCHA)01.0001916
1Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL)01.0001923
1Calgary Tigers (WCHL)01.0001924
  • a The Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans appearance totals include the 1919 Stanley Cup Finals that ended with a no-decision because of the Spanish flu epidemic. It is not considered an official series win or loss by either team.
  • b The franchise known today as the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Cup in 1918 as the Toronto Hockey Club[33] (later engraved on the Stanley Cup as the Toronto Arenas in 1947), and in 1922 as the Toronto St. Patricks.
  • c The Chicago Blackhawks were known as the Chicago Black Hawks prior to the 1986–87 season.
  • d The Dallas Stars totals include two series losses as the Minnesota North Stars.
  • e The Anaheim Ducks totals include one series loss as the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim.
  • f The modern Ottawa Senators (1992–present) are named after the original Senators (1883–1934).

See also

  • Stanley Cup winning players
  • NHL Conference Finals
  • List of NHL franchise post-season droughts
  • List of NHL franchise post-season appearance streaks



  • "All-Time Stanley Cup Champions". National Hockey League. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  • "Stanley Cup-winning goals". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  • "STC List of winners of the Stanley Cup". Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  • "Stanley Cup Playoffs – Winners and Finalists Since 1893". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  • Coleman, Charles (1964). The Trail of the Stanley Cup vol. 1. Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Ltd., NHL.
  • Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup vol. 2. Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Ltd., NHL.
  • Coleman, Charles (1969). The Trail of the Stanley Cup vol. 3. Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Ltd., NHL.
  • Diamond, Dan; Zweig, Eric; Duplacey, James (2003). The Ultimate Prize: The Stanley Cup. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-3830-5.
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (1992). The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.
  • Holzman, Morey (2002). Deceptions and Doublecross. Dundurn Press. ISBN 1-55002-413-2.
  • McCarthy, Dave, ed. (2008). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book/2009. Dan Diamond Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-14-0.
  • Podnieks, Andre (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Hockey Hall of Fame. Triumph Books. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.


  1. "Stanley Cup Fun Facts". Archived from the original on August 10, 2010. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  2. Podnieks 2004, p. 20.
  3. "Stanley Cup Winners: Quebec Bulldogs 1911–12". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  4. Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 19.
  5. "Champions of the World". Winnipeg Tribune. February 15, 1896. p. 1.
  6. "Winnipeg Men Win". Ottawa Journal. February 15, 1896. p. 7.
  7. "After the puck". The Globe. March 2, 1896. p. 06.
  8. "Victorias Always Win". The Globe and Mail. February 20, 1901. p. 10.
  9. "Championship Goes To Kenora Thistles". Winnipeg Tribune. February 19, 1907. p. 6.
  10. "Vics Lost First Stanley Cup Game to Wanderers". Ottawa Citizen. January 10, 1908. p. 8.
  11. "Edmonton 7–6". The Montreal Gazette. December 31, 1908. p. 2. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  12. "Ottawas Smothered Galt in Stanley Cup Match". The Ottawa Citizen. January 6, 1910. p. 9. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  13. "Sydney Not in Quebec's Class". The Montreal Gazette. March 9, 1913. p. 14. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  14. "Torontos Win Championship of NHA From Canadiens". The Toronto Sunday World. March 12, 1914. p. 8. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  15. "Torontos Beat Victoria 2 to 1–Roughest Game of Year". The Toronto Sunday World. March 20, 1914. p. 8. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  16. Coleman 1964, p. 82. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFColeman1964 (help)
  17. "Stanley Cup Contest May Not Be for the Mug, After All is Said". Saskatoon Phoenix. March 18, 1914. p. 8.
  18. "A Tempest In a Teapot". Montreal Daily Mail. March 19, 1914. p. 9.
  19. "Stanley Cup Muddle Cleared Up". Toronto Globe and Mail. March 19, 1914.
  20. "Three Pro Leagues as to Stanley Cup". Toronto World. March 25, 1914. p. 8.
  21. Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 20.
  22. Diamond 1993, p. 45.
  23. Diamond 1993, p. 46.
  24. "Stanley Cup Winners: Seattle Metropolitans 1916–17". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2006.
  25. Podnieks 2004, p. 51.
  26. Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, pp. 20–21.
  27. Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 21.
  28. "Stanley Cup Winners: Victoria Cougars 1924–25". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 11, 2006.
  29. See Holzman2002. The Toronto NHL franchise (not using any nickname) was operated by the Toronto Arena Company, but only became a legal entity in the fall of 1918 as the Toronto Arena Hockey Club.
  30. Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 40.
  31. "Court:Non-NHL teams could vie for Cup". TSN. February 7, 2006. Archived from the original on December 16, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
  32. "Amateurs taking NHL to court to play for Cup". ESPN. April 13, 2005. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
  33. Holzman 2002.

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