List of National Hockey League awards
The National Hockey League presents numerous annual awards and trophies to recognize its teams and players. The oldest, and most recognizable, is the Stanley Cup. First awarded in 1893, the Stanley Cup is awarded to the NHL's playoff champion. The Stanley Cup is the third trophy to be used as the league's championship, as for the first nine years of the NHL's existence, it remained a multi-league challenge cup.
Most of the trophies and all-star selections are presented at an annual awards ceremony held in late June after the conclusion of the Stanley Cup playoffs. The awards for the 2019–20 season were handed out during the last two rounds of the playoffs.
The NHL's first championship trophy was the O'Brien Cup, which was created by the National Hockey Association in 1910 and transferred to the NHL in 1918, after which it was awarded to the playoff champion until 1927. Following the demise of the Western Hockey League after the 1926 season, the Stanley Cup became exclusive to the NHL, and the O'Brien Trophy became the Trophy awarded to the Canadian Division champion. After the 1938 season, the league reverted to one division, and the O'Brien Trophy was awarded to the Stanley Cup runners-up, until it was retired in 1950.
The Prince of Wales Trophy was introduced in 1925 as an award for the NHL's playoff champion (alongside the O'Brien Trophy). It soon became the American Division trophy following the 1927–28 season, until the 1937–38 season, when the league reverted to one division. It then became the award for best regular season record, before becoming the East Division trophy in 1967–68. The Prince of Wales Trophy remains an active award. It is awarded to the playoff champion of the Eastern Conference.
The Clarence S. Campbell Bowl was created in 1967 to serve as the Western Division counterpart to the Prince of Wales Trophy. It is now awarded to the Western Conference champion.
The youngest team trophy is the Presidents' Trophy. It has been awarded to the NHL's regular season champion since 1986.
The first individual trophy was the Hart Trophy, first awarded in 1924 to the league's most valuable player. This trophy was replaced by the current Hart Memorial Trophy in 1960 when the original Hart trophy became too unwieldy. The Lady Byng Trophy followed in 1925, a year later, awarded to the most gentlemanly player in the league. Two years later, the Vezina Trophy was created for the NHL's top goaltender. The Conn Smythe Trophy was first awarded to the NHL's playoff most valuable player in 1965. Presently, the NHL has 18 annual individual trophies and awards, the most recently created being the Jim Gregory General Manager of the Year Award which was inaugurated in 2010.
Out of the original individual NHL trophies that were awarded prior to expansion (which would be followed by the creation of more individual awards), several players are tied with three awards in the same season. Stan Mikita won the Hart, Art Ross, and Lady Byng trophies, doing so consecutively in the 1966–67 and 1967–68 seasons. Guy Lafleur and Wayne Gretzky have each won the Art Ross, Hart, and Conn Smythe trophies, as well as the Cup, in 1976-77 and 1984–85, respectively. Bobby Orr won the Hart, Norris, and Conn Smythe trophies, along with the Stanley Cup, in 1969–70 and 1971-72. In 1970, Orr also won the Art Ross which makes him the only player to capture four original NHL awards in a single season (Orr also earned a NHL First Team selection, and the only honor which he was eligible for but did not win was the Lady Byng due to his physical style of play).
In addition, the First and Second All-Star Teams have been named since the 1930–31 NHL season to honor the best performers over the season at each position, as well as the NHL All-Rookie Team from 1983 onwards.
Some of these individual trophies are automatically awarded to players based on their statistics during the regular season, most notably the Art Ross Trophy, Richard Trophy and Jennings Trophy. Other individual trophies are voted on by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association or the team general managers.
|Stanley Cup||1893||Awarded to the NHL playoff champion. Previously it was a challenge cup (1893–1914) and then an interleague championship trophy (1915–26). Named after Lord Stanley of Preston, the 6th Governor General of Canada, who donated the original cup.||Tampa Bay Lightning|
|Prince of Wales Trophy||1925||Awarded to the Eastern Conference playoff champion. Previously awarded as the NHL playoff championship (1925–27), the American Division Champion (1928–38), the regular season championship (1939–67), East Division championship (1968–74) and Wales Conference championship (1975–93). Named after Edward, Prince of Wales, who donated the trophy to the league in 1924. It was first awarded to the winner of the first game in Madison Square Garden in 1925.||Tampa Bay Lightning|
|Clarence S. Campbell Bowl||1968||Awarded to the Western Conference playoff champion. Previously awarded as the West Division title (1968–74) and Campbell Conference championship (1975–93). Named after Clarence Campbell, the third NHL President.||Montreal Canadiens|
|Presidents' Trophy||1986||Awarded to the club finishing the regular season with the best overall record (based on points).||Colorado Avalanche|
|O'Brien Trophy||1910||Awarded by the National Hockey Association (1910–17) and NHL (1918–27) to the league playoff champion, Canadian Division regular season champion (1928–38), and Stanley Cup runner-up (1939–50). It was originally donated to the NHA by Canadian Senator M. J. O'Brien, in recognition of his son, NHA founder Ambrose O'Brien||Last awarded in 1950|
Individual trophies and awards
|Hart Memorial Trophy||1924||Awarded to the "player judged most valuable to his team". The original trophy was donated to the league by Dr. David A. Hart, father of coach Cecil Hart.||Connor McDavid|
|Lady Byng Memorial Trophy||1925||Awarded to the player who exhibited outstanding sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with a high standard of playing ability. Named after Lady Byng of Vimy, 40th viceregal consort of Canada, who donated the original trophy to the league.||Jaccob Slavin|
|Vezina Trophy||1927||Awarded to the league's top goaltender. Named after goaltender Georges Vezina.||Marc-Andre Fleury|
Vegas Golden Knights
|Calder Memorial Trophy||1937||Awarded to the league's most outstanding rookie player. Named after Frank Calder, the first NHL President.||Kirill Kaprizov|
|Art Ross Trophy||1948||Awarded to the player who leads the league in total points at the end of the regular season. Named after player, coach and team executive Art Ross, who originally donated the trophy.||Connor McDavid|
|James Norris Memorial Trophy||1954||Awarded to the defenseman who demonstrates throughout the season the greatest all-round ability in the position. Named after team owner James E. Norris.||Adam Fox|
New York Rangers
|Conn Smythe Trophy||1965||Awarded to the most valuable player for his team in the playoffs. Named after coach and team owner Conn Smythe.||Victor Hedman|
Tampa Bay Lightning
|Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy||1968||Awarded to the player who best exemplifies the qualities of perseverance, sportsmanship, and dedication to hockey. Named after Bill Masterton, the only player in NHL history to die as the direct result of injuries suffered during a game.||Oskar Lindblom|
|Ted Lindsay Award||1971||Awarded to the NHL's outstanding player as selected by the members of the NHL Players Association (called the Lester B. Pearson Award from 1971 to 2009). Named after forward Ted Lindsay (and previously Lester B. Pearson, noted college athlete who became the 14th Prime Minister of Canada).||Connor McDavid|
|Jack Adams Award||1974||Awarded to the NHL coach adjudged to have contributed the most to his team's success (i.e. Coach of the Year). Named after player, coach and general manager Jack Adams.||Rod Brind'Amour|
|Frank J. Selke Trophy||1978||Awarded to the forward who best excels in the defensive aspects of the game. Named after general manager Frank J. Selke.||Aleksander Barkov|
|William M. Jennings Trophy||1982||Awarded to the goaltender(s) having played a minimum of 25 games for the team with the fewest goals scored against it in the regular season. Named after team executive William M. Jennings.||Marc-Andre Fleury |
and Robin Lehner
Vegas Golden Knights
|NHL Plus-Minus Award||1983||Awarded to the player with the highest plus/minus statistic in the regular season||Last awarded in 2008|
|King Clancy Memorial Trophy||1988||Awarded to the player who best exemplifies leadership qualities on and off the ice and has made a noteworthy humanitarian contribution in his community. Named after player, coach and team executive King Clancy.||Pekka Rinne|
|NHL Foundation Player Award||1998||Awarded to the player who applies the core values of hockey to enrich the lives of people in his community.||Last awarded in 2017|
|Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy||1999||Awarded to the top goal scorer in the regular season. Named after Maurice Richard, the first NHL player to score 50 goals in 50 games.||Auston Matthews|
Toronto Maple Leafs
|Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award||2000||Awarded to the goaltender who has played a minimum of 25 games in the regular season and has the highest save percentage. Named after goaltender Roger Crozier.||Last awarded in 2007|
|Mark Messier Leadership Award||2007||Awarded by former player Mark Messier, himself, to the player who exemplifies great leadership qualities to his team, on and off the ice, during the regular season.||Patrice Bergeron|
|Jim Gregory General Manager of the Year Award||2010||Awarded to the top National Hockey League General Manager. Renamed in November 2019 in memory of former league executive Jim Gregory after his death.||Lou Lamoriello|
New York Islanders
|E.J. McGuire Award of Excellence||2015||Awarded by NHL Central Scouting to the draft prospect who best exemplifies the commitment to excellence through strength of character, competitiveness and athleticism. Named after former NHL Director of Central Scouting E. J. McGuire.||Zayde Wisdom|
The league has also given some ephemeral awards over the years, including:
- NHL/Sheraton Road Performer Award – awarded to the player who accrued the most road points during the regular season. It was awarded to Joe Sakic of the Colorado Avalanche in 2004 and not subsequently.
- Scotiabank/NHL Fan Fav Award – awarded to a National Hockey League player based on fan voting. It was awarded to Roberto Luongo of the Vancouver Canucks in 2010 and not subsequently.
- NHL Lifetime Achievement Award – awarded to a National Hockey League veteran in recognition of their overall contributions to the league and sport. It has been awarded twice, first to Gordie Howe in 2008 and then to Jean Béliveau in 2009.
- Lester Patrick Trophy - presented, in part by the NHL, for contributions to hockey in the United States, but not considered an NHL award
- Best NHL Player ESPY Award - presented by the American sports television network ESPN to NHL players
- Hockey Hall of Fame
- Sports Illustrated NHL All-Decade Team (2009)
- NHL All-Rookie Team
- NHL All-Star Team
- "Stanley Cup history". legendsofhockey.net. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2007-09-03. Retrieved 2007-08-19.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2005), Silverware - Hockey Hall of Fame,p.32 & p.151.Fenn Publishing,Bolton, Ontario.
- "Single Season Magnificence". Greatest Hockey Legends.com. 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Dryden 2000, p. 72. sfn error: no target: CITEREFDryden2000 (help)
- Podnieks 2003, p. 33. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPodnieks2003 (help)
- "How Stanley Cup came to be". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Prince of Wales Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- McCarthy, Dave, ed. (2008). The National Hockey League Official Guide and Record Book 2009. Dan Diamond & Associates. p. 241. ISBN 978-1-894801-14-0.
- "NHL Clarence S. Campbell Bowl Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Presidents' Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "O'Brien Trophy". legendsofhockey.net. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Hart Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Lady Byng Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Vezina Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Calder Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Art Ross Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "James Norris Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Conn Smythe Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Ted Lindsay Award Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Jack Adams Award Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Frank J. Selke Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL William M. Jennings Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Plus/Minus Award". statshockey.homestead.com. Stats Hockey. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL King Clancy Memorial Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Foundation Player Award Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL Maurice Richard Trophy Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "Roger Crozier profile". legendsofhockey.net. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "Niklas Backstrom profile". tsn.ca. TSN. Archived from the original on 2007-08-22. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "Mark Messier NHL Leadership Award Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "NHL General Manager of the Year Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "Jim Gregory General Manager of the Year Winners". nhl.com. National Hockey League. September 12, 2020. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
- "Central Scouting to present E.J. McGuire Award". nhl.com. National Hockey League. 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2015-06-27.