List of French Open men's singles champions

The French Open, also known as Roland-Garros, is an annual tennis tournament held over two weeks in May and June. Established in 1891 and played since 1928 on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France,[1] the French Open is (since 1925) one of the four Grand Slam tournaments played each year, the other three being the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. Organised by the Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT), the French Open is the second of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the year to be played.[2] In 1968 it was the first Grand Slam tournament to open to non-amateur players.

French Open Men's Singles Champions
LocationParis[lower-alpha 1]
France
VenueStade Roland Garros
Governing bodyFédération Française de Tennis (FFT)
Created1891 (established)
1925 (Grand Slam event)
Editions124 (2020)
90 Grand Slam events (since 1925)
Open Era: 1968 (50 editions)
SurfaceAlternate between sand and clay (1891–1907)
Clay (red) (1908–present)
TrophyCoupe des Mousquetaires
WebsiteFrench Open champions
Most titles
13: Rafael Nadal
Current champion
Rafael Nadal
(13th title)

The winner of the men's singles event receives the Coupe des Mousquetaires, named after The Four Musketeers of French tennis: Jean Borotra, Jacques Brugnon, Henri Cochet, and René Lacoste.[3] The event was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of the First World War and was held unofficially under German occupation from 1941 to 1944, during the Second World War.[4]

Rafael Nadal has won the most French Open titles, with 13 (which is also a record for any player, male or female, in any one of the four major tournaments) and also holds the record for the most consecutive wins in the Open Era, with five from 2010 to 2014.[5] Max Decugis won eight French Championships prior to the Open Era.[6] Michael Chang became the youngest player in the Open Era to win the French Open when he took the title in 1989 at 17 years, 3 months and 20 days. In contrast, Andrés Gimeno is the oldest champion of the Open Era. He was 34 years and 9 months old when he won in 1972.[7] French players have won the most French Open men's singles titles, with 38 victories, followed by Spanish (19) and Australian players (11). The current champion is Rafael Nadal who beat Novak Djokovic in the 2020 final to win his 13th French Open title.

History

Rafael Nadal, who has won an all-time record thirteen French Open titles. Nadal won four consecutive titles on two separate occasions from 2005–2008 and 2017–2020, and an open era record of five consecutive titles from 2010–2014.

The French Open was established in 1891 and was originally known as the French Championships.[8] The tournament was only open to French players or foreign players who were a member of a French club during the first 34 years of its existence.[9] The first winner of the Championship was the British player H. Briggs, a member of Club Stade Français which entitled him to compete.[10] Records show matches were played as the best-of-three sets format until 1902 or 1903, when best-of-five sets was adopted. French players were dominant in the early stages of the tournament, in particular Max Decugis, who won eight titles before the outbreak of the First World War.[11]

“The Four Musketeers” won a total of eight titles from 1925 to 1932. Since 1981, the French Open's trophy has been named in their honor.

Between 1924 and 1932 the title was won by a member of The Four Musketeers. The championship started to attract the best players after it became an international event in 1925, which was won by René Lacoste. France's victory in the 1927 Davis Cup increased interest in the tournament and required a new stadium to be built. Previously the tournament had alternated between Racing Club and La Faisanderie, before the Stade Roland Garros was built in 1928.[12] Henri Cochet won the first tournament at the new venue.[13]

Jack Crawford's victory in 1933 was the first time a foreign player had won the tournament since 1891. Following his victory, no French players won the title up until 1940, when the tournament was suspended following the outbreak of the Second World War. Don Budge's victory in 1938 was notable, as he won all of the Grand Slam tournaments during the year.[14] Though the event was suspended in 1940, it was held unofficially under the guise of the Tournoi de France. Bernard Destremau won the first two events, while Yvon Petra won three from 1942 to 1945. These results are not recognised by the FFT or other major international organisations and are considered unofficial.[4] Marcel Bernard won the first event after the end of the war in 1946; he was the only Frenchman to win the event before the advent of the Open era in 1968.[11]

No one player dominated the event during this period. Only five players, Frank Parker, Jaroslav Drobný, Tony Trabert, Nicola Pietrangeli and Roy Emerson, won multiple titles.[11] The tournament became an Open in 1968, as professional players were allowed to compete with amateurs, previously only amateurs could compete in the Grand Slam tournaments.[15] The tournament, won by Australian Ken Rosewall, was the first Grand Slam tournament to be played in the Open era.[16]

Swede Björn Borg won the majority of the tournaments in the early years of the Open era. He won consecutive titles in 1974 and 1975, before winning four successive titles from 1978 to 1981.[17] Yannick Noah became the first Frenchman to win the event since 1946, when he won in 1983.[18] Ivan Lendl won his first title in 1984, before losing the following year to Wilander in the final and won two consecutive titles in 1986 and 1987.[17] Michael Chang became the youngest man to win the French Open when he beat Stefan Edberg in 1989.[19]

American Jim Courier won consecutive titles in 1991 and 1992 before Spaniard Sergi Bruguera repeated the feat in 1993 and 1994.[20][21] Gustavo Kuerten won three titles in 1997, 2000 and 2001.[17] 2005 marked Rafael Nadal's first French Open; he won four consecutive titles from 2005 to 2008.[22] Nadal was beaten in the round of 16 of the 2009 tournament by Robin Söderling who lost to Roger Federer in the final.[23] Nadal regained the title in 2010 and defended his crowns in 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014. In the 2015 event, he was knocked out in the quarter-finals by Novak Djokovic, who eventually lost in the final to Stan Wawrinka.[24]

Finals

Regular competition
 Not considered to be a Grand Slam event. A French club members only tournament called the French Championships
††  Disputed champions: Not considered to be a Grand Slam event. Not sanctioned or recognised by the FFT[lower-alpha 2]

French Championships

Year[lower-alpha 3] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[lower-alpha 4]
1891 BRI[lower-alpha 5]H. Briggs  FRAP. Baigneres6–3, 6–4
1892 FRAJean Schopfer  USAFrancis L. Fassitt6–2, 1–6, 6–2
1893 FRALaurent Riboulet  FRAJean Schopfer6–3, 6–3
1894 FRAAndré Vacherot  FRAGérard Brosselin1–6, 6–3, 6–3
1895 FRAAndré Vacherot  FRALaurent Riboulet9–7, 6–2
1896 FRAAndré Vacherot  FRAGérard Brosselin6–1, 7–5
1897 FRAPaul Aymé  BRIFrancky Wardan4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1898 FRAPaul Aymé  FRAPaul Lebreton5–7, 6–1, 6–2
1899 FRAPaul Aymé  FRAPaul Lebreton9–7, 3–6, 6–3
1900 FRAPaul Aymé  FRAAndré Prévost6–3, 6–0
1901 FRAAndré Vacherot  FRAPaul Lebreton
1902 FRAMarcel Vacherot  FRAMax Decugis6–4, 6–2
1903 FRAMax Decugis  FRAAndré Vacherot6–3, 6–2
1904 FRAMax Decugis  FRAAndré Vacherot6–1, 9–7, 6–8, 6–1
1905 FRAMaurice Germot  FRAAndré Vacherot
1906 FRAMaurice Germot  FRAMax Decugis5–7, 6–3, 6–4, 1–6, 6–3
1907 FRAMax Decugis  FRARobert Wallet
1908 FRAMax Decugis  FRAMaurice Germot6–2, 6–1, 3–6, 10–8
1909 FRAMax Decugis  FRAMaurice Germot3–6, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1910 FRAMaurice Germot  FRAFrançois Blanchy6–1, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3
1911 FRAAndré Gobert  FRAMaurice Germot6–1, 8–6, 7–5
1912 FRAMax Decugis  FRAAndré Gobert
1913 FRAMax Decugis  FRAGeorges Gault
1914 FRAMax Decugis  FRAJean Samazeuilh3–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4[28][lower-alpha 4]
1915 No competition (due to World War I)[lower-alpha 6]
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920 FRAAndré Gobert  FRAMax Decugis6–3, 3–6, 1–6, 6–2, 6–3
1921 FRAJean Samazeuilh  FRAAndré Gobert6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 7–5
1922 FRAHenri Cochet  FRAJean Samazeuilh8–6, 6–3, 7–5
1923 FRAFrançois Blanchy  FRAMax Decugis1–6, 6–2, 6–0, 6–2
1924 FRAJean Borotra  FRARené Lacoste7–5, 6–4, 0–6, 5–7, 6–2
1925 FRARené Lacoste FRAJean Borotra7–5, 6–1, 6–4 [28]
1926 FRAHenri Cochet FRARené Lacoste6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1927 FRARené Lacoste USAWilliam Tilden6–4, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9
1928 FRAHenri Cochet FRARené Lacoste5–7, 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
1929 FRARené Lacoste FRAJean Borotra6–3, 2–6, 6–0, 2–6, 8–6
1930 FRAHenri Cochet USAWilliam Tilden3–6, 8–6, 6–3, 6–1
1931 FRAJean Borotra FRAChristian Boussus2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–4
1932 FRAHenri Cochet ITAGiorgio de Stefani6–0, 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
1933 AUSJack Crawford FRAHenri Cochet8–6, 6–1, 6–3
1934 GERGottfried von Cramm AUSJack Crawford6–4, 7–9, 3–6, 7–5, 6–3
1935 GBRFred Perry GERGottfried von Cramm6–3, 3–6, 6–1, 6–3
1936 GERGottfried von Cramm GBRFred Perry6–0, 2–6, 6–2, 2–6, 6–0
1937 GERHenner Henkel GBRBunny Austin6–1, 6–4, 6–3
1938 USADonald Budge TCHRoderich Menzel6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1939 USADonald McNeill USABobby Riggs7–5, 6–0, 6–3
1940 No competition (due to World War II)[lower-alpha 2]
1941 FRABernard Destremau †† FRARobert Ramillon6–4, 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
1942 FRABernard Destremau †† FRAChristian Boussus5–7, 6–4, 6–4, 6–1[29]
1943 FRAYvon Petra †† FRAHenri Cochet6–3, 6–3, 6–8, 2–6, 6–4[30]
1944 FRAYvon Petra †† FRAMarcel Bernard6–1, 4–6, 4–6, 7–5, 6–2[31]
1945 FRAYvon Petra †† FRABernard Destremau7–5, 6–4, 6–2
1946 FRAMarcel Bernard TCHJaroslav Drobný3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
1947 HUNJózsef Asbóth RSAEric Sturgess8–6, 7–5, 6–4
1948 USAFrank Parker TCHJaroslav Drobný6–4, 7–5, 5–7, 8–6
1949 USAFrank Parker USABudge Patty6–3, 1–6, 6–1, 6–4
1950 USABudge Patty EGYJaroslav Drobný6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 5–7, 7–5
1951 EGYJaroslav Drobný RSAEric Sturgess6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1952 EGYJaroslav Drobný AUSFrank Sedgman6–2, 6–0, 3–6, 6–4
1953 AUSKen Rosewall USAVic Seixas6–3, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2
1954 USATony Trabert USAArthur Larsen6–4, 7–5, 6–1
1955 USATony Trabert SWESven Davidson2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
1956 AUSLew Hoad SWESven Davidson6–4, 8–6, 6–3
1957 SWESven Davidson USAHerbert Flam6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1958 AUSMervyn Rose CHILuis Ayala6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1959 ITANicola Pietrangeli RSAIan Vermaak3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–1
1960 ITANicola Pietrangeli CHILuis Ayala3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
1961 ESPManuel Santana ITANicola Pietrangeli4–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–0, 6–2
1962 AUSRod Laver AUSRoy Emerson3–6, 2–6, 6–3, 9–7, 6–2
1963 AUSRoy Emerson FRAPierre Darmon3–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4
1964 ESPManuel Santana ITANicola Pietrangeli6–3, 6–1, 4–6, 7–5
1965 AUSFred Stolle AUSTony Roche3–6, 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
1966 AUSTony Roche HUNIstván Gulyás6–1, 6–4, 7–5
1967 AUSRoy Emerson AUSTony Roche6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 6–2

French Open

Björn Borg won six titles from 1974 to 1981.
Ivan Lendl won three title and made two more finals.
Mats Wilander won three French Open titles in his career.
Gustavo Kuerten won all three of his Grand Slam trophies at the French Open.
Rafael Nadal is the record thirteen-time champion. He holds a 100–2 win-loss record at the event [32]
Year[lower-alpha 3] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final
1968 AUSKen Rosewall AUSRod Laver6–3, 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
1969 AUSRod Laver AUSKen Rosewall6–4, 6–3, 6–4
1970 TCHJan Kodeš YUGŽeljko Franulović6–2, 6–4, 6–0
1971 TCHJan Kodeš ROMIlie Năstase8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
1972 ESPAndrés Gimeno FRAPatrick Proisy4–6, 6–3, 6–1, 6–1
1973 ROMIlie Năstase YUGNikola Pilić6–3, 6–3, 6–0
1974 SWEBjörn Borg ESPManuel Orantes2–6, 6–7(4–7)[lower-alpha 7], 6–0, 6–1, 6–1
1975 SWEBjörn Borg ARGGuillermo Vilas6–2, 6–3, 6–4
1976 ITAAdriano Panatta USAHarold Solomon6–1, 6–4, 4–6, 7–6(7–3)
1977 ARGGuillermo Vilas USABrian Gottfried6–0, 6–3, 6–0
1978 SWEBjörn Borg ARGGuillermo Vilas6–1, 6–1, 6–3
1979 SWEBjörn Borg PARVíctor Pecci6–3, 6–1, 6–7(6–8), 6–4
1980 SWEBjörn Borg USAVitas Gerulaitis6–4, 6–1, 6–2
1981 SWEBjörn Borg TCHIvan Lendl6–1, 4–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–1
1982 SWEMats Wilander ARGGuillermo Vilas1–6, 7–6(8–6), 6–0, 6–4
1983 FRAYannick Noah SWEMats Wilander6–2, 7–5, 7–6(7–3)
1984 TCHIvan Lendl USAJohn McEnroe3–6, 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 7–5
1985 SWEMats Wilander TCHIvan Lendl3–6, 6–4, 6–2, 6–2
1986 TCHIvan Lendl SWEMikael Pernfors6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1987 TCHIvan Lendl SWEMats Wilander7–5, 6–2, 3–6, 7–6(7–3)
1988 SWEMats Wilander FRAHenri Leconte7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1989 USAMichael Chang SWEStefan Edberg6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1990 ECUAndrés Gómez USAAndre Agassi6–3, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4
1991 USAJim Courier USAAndre Agassi3–6, 6–4, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4
1992 USAJim Courier TCHPetr Korda7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1993 ESPSergi Bruguera USAJim Courier6–4, 2–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1994 ESPSergi Bruguera ESPAlberto Berasategui6–3, 7–5, 2–6, 6–1
1995 AUTThomas Muster USAMichael Chang7–5, 6–2, 6–4
1996 RUSYevgeny Kafelnikov GERMichael Stich7–6(7–4), 7–5, 7–6(7–4)
1997 BRAGustavo Kuerten ESPSergi Bruguera6–3, 6–4, 6–2
1998 ESPCarlos Moyá ESPÀlex Corretja6–3, 7–5, 6–3
1999 USAAndre Agassi UKRAndrei Medvedev1–6, 2–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
2000 BRAGustavo Kuerten SWEMagnus Norman6–2, 6–3, 2–6, 7–6(8–6)
2001 BRAGustavo Kuerten ESPÀlex Corretja6–7(3–7), 7–5, 6–2, 6–0
2002 ESPAlbert Costa ESPJuan Carlos Ferrero6–1, 6–0, 4–6, 6–3
2003 ESPJuan Carlos Ferrero NEDMartin Verkerk6–1, 6–3, 6–2
2004 ARGGastón Gaudio ARGGuillermo Coria0–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–1, 8–6
2005 ESPRafael Nadal ARGMariano Puerta6–7(6–8), 6–3, 6–1, 7–5
2006 ESPRafael Nadal  SUIRoger Federer1–6, 6–1, 6–4, 7–6(7–4)
2007 ESPRafael Nadal  SUIRoger Federer6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2008 ESPRafael Nadal  SUIRoger Federer6–1, 6–3, 6–0
2009  SUIRoger Federer SWERobin Söderling6–1, 7–6(7–1), 6–4
2010 ESPRafael Nadal SWERobin Söderling6–4, 6–2, 6–4
2011 ESPRafael Nadal  SUIRoger Federer7–5, 7–6(7–3), 5–7, 6–1
2012 ESPRafael Nadal SRBNovak Djokovic6–4, 6–3, 2–6, 7–5
2013 ESPRafael Nadal ESPDavid Ferrer6–3, 6–2, 6–3
2014 ESPRafael Nadal SRBNovak Djokovic3–6, 7–5, 6–2, 6–4
2015  SUIStan Wawrinka SRBNovak Djokovic4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
2016 SRBNovak Djokovic GBRAndy Murray3–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–4
2017 ESPRafael Nadal  SUIStan Wawrinka6–2, 6–3, 6–1
2018 ESPRafael Nadal AUTDominic Thiem6–4, 6–3, 6–2
2019 ESPRafael Nadal AUTDominic Thiem6–3, 5–7, 6–1, 6–1
2020 ESPRafael Nadal SRBNovak Djokovic6–0, 6–2, 7–5

Statistics

Multiple champions

  • Competitions prior to 1925 opened only to French tennis club members and French nationals (denoted in italics)
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
 Rafael Nadal (ESP)013132005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
 Max Decugis (FRA)8081903, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912, 1913, 1914
 Björn Borg (SWE)0661974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
 Henri Cochet (FRA)5051922, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932
 André Vacherot (FRA)4041894, 1895, 1896, 1901
 Paul Aymé (FRA)4041897, 1898, 1899, 1900
 Maurice Germot (FRA)3031905, 1906, 1910
 René Lacoste (FRA)3031925, 1927, 1929
 Mats Wilander (SWE)0331982, 1985, 1988
 Ivan Lendl (TCH)0331984, 1986, 1987
 Gustavo Kuerten (BRA)0331997, 2000, 2001
 André Gobert (FRA)2021911, 1920
 Jean Borotra (FRA)2021924, 1931
 Gottfried von Cramm (GER)2021934, 1936
 Frank Parker (USA)2021948, 1949
 Jaroslav Drobný (EGY)2021951, 1952
 Ken Rosewall (AUS)1121953, 1968
 Tony Trabert (USA)2021954, 1955
 Nicola Pietrangeli (ITA)2021959, 1960
 Manuel Santana (ESP)2021961, 1964
 Rod Laver (AUS)1121962, 1969
 Roy Emerson (AUS)2021963, 1967
 Jan Kodeš (TCH)0221970, 1971
 Jim Courier (USA)0221991, 1992
 Sergi Bruguera (ESP)0221993, 1994

Champions by country

Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
 France (FRA) 37 1 38 1892 1983
 Spain (ESP) 2 19 21 1961 2020
 Australia (AUS) 9 2 11 1933 1969
 United States (USA) 7 4 11 1938 1999
 Sweden (SWE) 1 9 10 1957 1988
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)[lower-alpha 8] 0 5 5 1970 1987
 Germany (GER) 3 0 3 1934 1937
 Italy (ITA) 2 1 3 1959 1976
 Brazil (BRA) 0 3 3 1997 2001
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 0 2 1891 1935
 Egypt (EGY) 2 0 2 1951 1952
 Argentina (ARG) 0 2 2 1977 2004
  Switzerland (SUI) 0 2 2 2009 2015
 Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 1947 1947
 Romania (ROU) 0 1 1 1973 1973
 Ecuador (ECU) 0 1 1 1990 1990
 Austria (AUT) 0 1 1 1995 1995
 Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 1996 1996
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2016 2016

See also

French Open other competitions

  • List of French Open women's singles champions
  • List of French Open men's doubles champions
  • List of French Open women's doubles champions
  • List of French Open mixed doubles champions

Grand Slam men's singles

Other events

  • French Pro Championship

Notes

  1. In 1909 the tournament was held at the Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux.
  2. Due to World War II, the tournaments held from 1941 to 1945 are not officially recognized by the Fédération Française de Tennis. Consequently, despite being listed by a few sources, the champions from those years are not included in the official statistics. They are listed here as a historical note.[25][8][26][27]
  3. Each year is linked to an article about that particular event's draw with the exception of the pre-1925 years.
  4. The dash means that the result or score is unknown because there are no available sources for this information Pre-1914.[28]
  5. One win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus one win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).
  6. The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I.[8]
  7. Set score in parentheses indicates a tiebreaker score.
  8. Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1993–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1993–present).

Footnotes

General

  • "Past Winners". Roland Garros. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  • "French Open Men's champions". SuperSport. Retrieved 15 July 2015.

Specific

  1. "The Origins of the Tournament". Roland Garros. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  2. "Grand Slam Overview". International Tennis Federation (ITF). Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  3. Bowers, Chris (27 February 2009). "The New Musketeers". Davis Cup. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  4. Fetter, Henry D. (6 June 2011). "The French Open During World War II: A Hidden History". The Atlantic. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  5. Newbery, Piers (8 June 2014). "Rafael Nadal beats Novak Djokovic to win ninth French Open title". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  6. Clarey, Christopher (22 May 2014). "A Century Ago, a French Title Collection to Rival Rafael Nadal". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  7. Lynch, Steven (29 May 2015). "Rafael Nadal the youngest French Open winner?". ESPN. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  8. "Past Winners and Draws". fft.fr. Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  9. "French Open History". Tennis. Tennis Media Company. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  10. Gillmeister 1998, p. 225.
  11. "Roland Garros past single winners". CNN. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  12. Lewis, Gabrielle (23 May 2002). "French Open History". BBC Sport. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  13. "Henri Cochet is dead; French Tennis Leader". The New York Times. 3 April 1987. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  14. Gray, Michael (28 January 2000). "Donald Budge". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  15. Ford, Bonnie D. (12 October 2008). "Reform to an Open status altered the course of tennis history". ESPN. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  16. Henderson, Jon (15 June 2008). "Now I'd choose tennis". The Observer. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  17. "Rafael Nadal, Bjorn Borg, Ivan Lendl and the seven kings of clay". Sky Sports. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  18. Gross, Jane (6 June 1983). "Noah captures French crown". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  19. Gittings, Paul (8 June 2012). "Chang's 'underhand' tactics stunned Lendl and made Tennis history". CNN. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  20. "Topics of The Times – An American in Paris". The New York Times. 10 June 1992. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  21. Roberts, John (6 June 1994). "Bruguera towers above tired Berasategui". The Independent. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  22. Newberry, Piers (8 June 2008). "Nadal storms to fourth French win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  23. Ornstein, David (7 June 2009). "Federer claims historic Paris win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  24. "Novak Djokovic beats Andy Murray to win first French Open title". BBC Sport. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  25. "French Open Singles Champions". USA Today. 2001-06-10. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  26. "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891 – 2011". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  27. The Encyclopedia Of Tennis: 100 Years Of Great Players And Events; by Max Robertson and Jack Kramer. 1974 edition, page 375. Source for finalists and scores
  28. "French Open Men's Singles". Grand Slam History. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  29. "Le Matin : derniers télégrammes de la nuit du 3 août 1942 (Numéro 21244)". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). BnF. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  30. "Le Matin : derniers télégrammes de la nuit du 2 août 1943 (Numéro 21551)". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). BnF. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  31. "Le Matin : derniers télégrammes de la nuit du 7 août 1944 (Numéro 21862)". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). BnF. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  32. "Superb Soderling Sends Nadal Crashing Out". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-08-04.

Sources

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