Kristi Noem

Kristi Lynn Noem (/nm/; née Arnold; born November 30, 1971) is an American politician serving as the 33rd governor of South Dakota since January 5, 2019. A member of the Republican Party, she was the U.S. Representative for South Dakota's at-large congressional district from 2011 to 2019 and a member of the South Dakota House of Representatives for the 6th district from 2007 to 2011. Noem was elected governor in 2018 and is South Dakota's first female governor.[1]

Kristi Noem
33rd Governor of South Dakota
Assumed office
January 5, 2019
LieutenantLarry Rhoden
Preceded byDennis Daugaard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large district
In office
January 3, 2011  January 3, 2019
Preceded byStephanie Herseth Sandlin
Succeeded byDusty Johnson
Member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
from the 6th district
In office
January 9, 2007  January 11, 2011
Preceded byArt Fryslie
Succeeded byBurt Tulson
Personal details
Born
Kristi Lynn Arnold

(1971-11-30) November 30, 1971
Watertown, South Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Bryon Noem
(m. 1992)
Children3
ResidenceGovernor's Residence
Alma materSouth Dakota State University (BA)
OccupationFarmer, rancher, politician

Elected as an ally of Donald Trump, Noem consistently backed his agenda.[2][3] She explicitly refused to follow the guidance of medical experts during the COVID-19 pandemic, and did not enact any of the standard public health and safety protections used in other states.[4][5][6] Noem did not implement face mask mandates, she raised doubts about the efficacy of mask-wearing, encouraged large gatherings without social distancing or mask-wearing, and questioned public health experts' advice.[7][8][9]

Early life and education

Kristi Noem was born to Ron and Corinne Arnold in Watertown, South Dakota, and raised with her siblings on their family ranch and farm in rural Hamlin County.[10] She has Norwegian ancestry.[11] Noem graduated from Hamlin High School in 1990, and won the South Dakota Snow Queen title. She credits the experience with helping her polish her public speaking and promotional skills.[12]

After high school, Noem enrolled at Northern State University from 1990 to 1992. After withdrawing from college early, she married Bryon Noem at age 20, in 1992, in Watertown, South Dakota.[13]

Noem's father was killed in a farm machinery accident in March 1994, a month before Noem's daughter, Kassidy, was born.[10][14] Noem added a hunting lodge and restaurant to the family property. Her siblings moved back to help expand the businesses.[10] After her father's death, Noem took classes at the Watertown campus of Mount Marty College and at South Dakota State University, and online classes from the University of South Dakota. She graduated from South Dakota State in 2011 with a major in political science.[10][12][15]

Noem entered politics, joining the Republican Party and starting her political career at the state level.

South Dakota House of Representatives

In 2006, Noem won a seat in the South Dakota House of Representatives representing the 6th District (comprising parts of Beadle, Clark, Codington, Hamlin, and Kingsbury counties, but not including Watertown). In 2006, she won with 39% of the vote.[16] In 2008, she was reelected to a second term with 41%.[17]

Noem served for four years, from 2007 to 2010; she was an Assistant Majority Leader during her last year.[18][19] In 2009 and 2010 she sponsored bills to lower the age of compulsory education in South Dakota to 16, after it had been raised to 18 in 2008, arguing that requiring school attendance until age 18 has not been proven to improve graduation rates.[20]

She was on the State Affairs Committee and Taxation Committee[21]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

2010

In 2010, Noem ran for South Dakota's at-large seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.[22] She won the Republican primary with a plurality of 42% of the vote against South Dakota Secretary of State Chris Nelson and State Representative Blake Curd.[23] Her primary opponents endorsed her in the general election.[18]

Noem's opponent, incumbent Democratic U.S. Congresswoman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, emphasized her own record of independence from the Democratic caucus, including her votes against health care reform, the Wall Street bailouts, and the cap-and-trade energy bill. In response, Noem repeatedly highlighted Herseth Sandlin's vote for Nancy Pelosi as Speaker of the House. During the 2010 election cycle, Noem outraised Herseth Sandlin, $2.3 million to $2.1 million.[24][25] Noem received 84% of her cash from individual donors while Herseth Sandlin received 56% from political action committees.[24][25][26] Noem defeated Herseth Sandlin, 48% to 46%.[27]

2012

Noem was reelected to a second term, defeating Democrat Matthew Varilek, 57%–43%.[28]

2014

Noem was reelected to a third term, defeating Democrat Corinna Robinson, 67%–33%.[29]

2016

Noem was reelected to a fourth term, defeating Democrat Paula Hawks, 64%–36%.[30]

Tenure

Noem during the 112th United States Congress

Noem was the fourth woman to represent South Dakota in Congress.[31] She and freshman Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina were elected by acclamation of the 2011 House Republican 87-member freshman class as liaisons to the House Republican leadership, making Noem the second woman member of House GOP leadership.[32] According to The Hill, her role was to push the leadership to make significant cuts to federal government spending and to help Speaker John Boehner manage the expectations of the freshman class.[33] In March 2011, Republican Representative Pete Sessions of Texas named Noem one of the 12 regional directors for the National Republican Congressional Committee during the 2012 election campaign.[10][34]

After being elected to Congress, Noem continued her education through online courses. The Washington Post dubbed her Capitol Hill's "most powerful intern" for receiving college intern credits from her position as a member of Congress.[35] She earned a B.A. in political science from South Dakota State University in 2012.[36]

Taxes

In 2018, Noem was reported to have "pitched the idea to members of the conservative House Freedom Caucus" to attach her online sales tax bill to the government funding package as part of an omnibus. A court case under consideration in the South Dakota Supreme Court involved requiring "certain out-of-state retailers to collect its sales taxes." Noem said that South Dakota businesses (and by extension businesses nationwide) "could be forced to comply with 1,000 different tax structures nationwide without the tools necessary to do so", adding that her legislation "provides a necessary fix."[37]

Noem has called the budget deficit one of the most important issues facing Congress. She cosponsored H. J. Res. 2, which would require that total spending for any fiscal year not exceed total receipts.[38][39] She cited the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Veterans Affairs, Medicaid, high-speed rail projects, cap-and-trade technical assistance, and subsidies for the Washington Metro rapid transit system as examples of federal programs where she would like to see cuts.[40][38][41][42]

Noem indicated that she would vote to raise the federal spending limit,[32] and wanted to eliminate the estate tax,[43] lower the corporate tax rate, and simplify the tax code.[10] She also said she would not raise taxes to balance the budget.[44] On a floor speech Noem misleadingly claimed her family was burdened by taxes on her father's estate; the government subsidies their farm received while paying them were more than 20 times the taxes due.[6]

Human trafficking

Noem promoted legislation to combat human trafficking and sexual slavery.[45][46]

Health care

Noem opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and has voted to repeal it.[47][48] Having unsuccessfully sought to repeal it, she sought to defund it while retaining measures such as the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, the provision allowing parents to keep their children on their health insurance plan into their 20s, and the high-risk pools.[49] Noem wanted to add such provisions to federal law as limits on medical malpractice lawsuits and allowing patients to buy health insurance plans from other states.[49] She supported cuts to Medicaid funding proposed by Republican Budget Committee chairman Paul Ryan. A study found that this action would reduce benefits for South Dakota Medicaid recipients by 55%.[40]

Social issues

Noem is anti-abortion.[50] She has the support of the anti-abortion group Susan B. Anthony List.[51] She said she intended to maintain her 100% anti-abortion voting record.[43][52] Noem also opposes same-sex marriage. In 2015 she said she disagreed with Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court's ruling that same-sex marriage bans are unconstitutional.[53]

Energy and environment

U.S. Representative Noem 113th Congress portrait

Noem has said that the U.S. must end its dependence on foreign oil. To achieve that goal, she says Congress should encourage conservation of existing resources.[54] She supports continuing ethanol subsidies that benefit her state[55] and opposes ending federal subsidies for oil companies.[40]

Noem supported the Keystone XL Pipeline and promised to continue to work for its construction after the U.S. Senate voted down legislation to advance the pipeline through Congress.[56] She helped the House pass the legislation on November 14, 2014.[56]

Noem opposed a bill introduced by South Dakota Senator Tim Johnson that would designate over 48,000 acres (190 km2) of the Buffalo Gap National Grassland as protected wilderness.[57] She supports the current designation of the land as a national grassland.[58] She pointed out that the land is already managed as roadless areas similar to wilderness[59] and argued that changing the land's designation to wilderness would further limit leaseholder access to the land and imperil grazing rights.[58][59]

Noem supports off-shore oil drilling.[60] She co-sponsored three bills that she argued would reduce American dependence on foreign oil by ending the 2010 United States deepwater drilling moratorium in the Gulf of Mexico and reopening sales on oil leases in the Gulf and off the coast of Virginia.[61] In 2011, she sponsored a measure to block Environmental Protection Agency funding for tighter air pollution standards for coarse particulates.[62]

Foreign affairs

Noem supported the NATO-led military intervention in the 2011 Libyan civil war, but questioned whether the United States intervened to protect civilians, or whether the U.S. military would try to remove then-leader Muammar Gaddafi.[63] In March of that year, she called on President Obama to provide more information about the role of the U.S. in the conflict, characterizing his statements as vague and ambiguous.[63][64]

Fundraising

Since her election, Noem raised 56 percent of donations from individuals and 44 percent from political action committees.[65] On March 8, 2011, she announced the formation of a leadership political action committee, KRISTI PAC[66] and said she would use the PAC to pay expenses and support other Republican candidates. Former South Dakota Lieutenant Governor Steve Kirby is its treasurer.[67][68][69]

Noem was among the top freshman Republicans in PAC fundraising in the first quarter of 2011, raising $169,000 from PACs and hosting at least 10 Washington fundraisers.[70] She said she had no plans to join the House Tea Party Caucus.[71]

Immigrants and refugees

Noem supported President Donald Trump's 2017 Executive Order 13769 that suspended the U.S. refugee program for 120 days and banned all travel to the U.S. by nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries for 90 days.[72] She said she supported a temporary ban on accepting refugees from "terrorist-held" areas,[73] but "did not address whether she supports other aspects of the order, which led to the detention of legal U.S. residents such as green-card holders and people with dual citizenship as they reentered the country" in the aftermath of the order's issuance.[72]

Committee assignments

  • Committee on Ways and Means
    • Subcommittee on Human Resources
    • Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures

Caucus memberships

  • Republican Study Committee[74]
  • Congressional Cement Caucus
  • Congressional Arts Caucus[75]
  • Afterschool Caucuses[76]
  • Congressional Western Caucus[77]

Governor of South Dakota

2018 election

On November 14, 2016, Noem announced that she would run for governor of South Dakota in 2018 rather than seek reelection to Congress.[78] She defeated South Dakota Attorney General Marty Jackley in the June 5 Republican primary, 56% to 44%,[79][80] and Democratic nominee Billie Sutton in the general election, 51.0% to 47.6%.[81]

Tenure

Noem was sworn in as governor of South Dakota on January 5, 2019, the first woman in that office in the state.[82] Since 2019 Noem has worked with former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski on strategy and messaging.[6]

Concealed carry

On January 31, 2019, Noem signed a bill into law abolishing the permit requirement to carry a concealed handgun.[83][84][85]

Marriage

As part of her Family First Initiative, Noem promised to protect religious liberty and traditional marriage. She described marriage as a "God-given union between one man and one woman" and referred to the Supreme Court's decision as an attempt to silence those with traditional beliefs.[86]

Abortion

Noem has signed several bills restricting abortion, saying that the bills would "crack down on abortion providers in South Dakota". She also said, "A strong and growing body of medical research provides evidence that unborn babies can feel, think, and recognize sounds in the womb. These are people, they must be given the same basic dignities as anyone else."[87][88]

Trade

In February 2019, she said that the Trump administration's trade wars with China and the European Union had devastated South Dakota's economy, particularly the agricultural sector, "by far" the state's largest industry.[89]

Anti-protest legislation

In response to protests against the Keystone Pipeline, Noem's office collaborated with the energy company TransCanada Corporation to develop anti-protest legislation, which Noem signed into law in March 2019. The law created a fund to cover the costs of policing pipeline protests. Another law was passed to raise revenue for the fund by creating civil penalties for advising, directing, or encouraging participation in rioting. The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation banned Noem from their grounds as a result. The Indigenous Environmental Network, Sierra Club, and other groups challenged the laws in suits, arguing that the laws violated First Amendment rights by incentivizing the state to sue protesters.[90]

"Meth. We're on It" Campaign

On November 18, 2019, Noem released a new meth awareness campaign named "Meth. We're on It". The campaign was widely mocked and Noem was criticized for spending $449,000 while using a Minnesota firm.[91] She defended the campaign as successful in raising awareness.[92]

Opposition to cannabis legalization

In 2020 Noem opposed two ballot measures to legalize cannabis for medical use and recreational use in South Dakota,[93] saying, "The fact is, I've never met someone who got smarter from smoking pot. It's not good for our kids. And it's not going to improve our communities."[94] After both measures passed, she and two police officers filed a lawsuit seeking a court decision against the measure legalizing recreational use, Amendment A.[95][96] On February 8, 2021, circuit court judge Christina Klinger struck down the amendment as unconstitutional.[97]

Noem has also opposed the cultivation of industrial hemp, vetoing a bill that passed the South Dakota House and Senate in 2019 to legalize hemp cultivation. She said, "There is no question in my mind that normalizing hemp, like legalizing medical marijuana, is part of a larger strategy to undermine enforcement of the drug laws and make legalized marijuana inevitable."[98]

COVID-19 pandemic

Noem speaking at a Turning Point USA event in 2020

During the COVID-19 pandemic in South Dakota, Noem has taken a hands-off approach, even using pandemic relief funds in November 2020 to pay for a major tourism ad during a surge in cases in the state.[4] She did not implement face mask mandates, she raised doubts about the efficacy of mask-wearing, encouraged large gatherings without social distancing or mask-wearing, and questioned the advice of public health experts.[99][8] As of December 2020, she was one of few governors who had not issued statewide stay-at-home orders or face-mask mandates.[100][101] Her response mirrored Trump's rhetoric and handling of COVID-19.[8][9] She was rewarded for her COVID-19 response that avoided best medical advice with a speech at the August 2020 Republican National Convention, which elevated her national profile.[9][102] The Argus Leader described the RNC speech as a "defining moment in her political career."[103]

Early in the pandemic, Noem emphasized South Dakota's role in evaluating hydroxychloroquine, an antimalarial drug that Trump had touted, when he tweeted, "HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE & AZITHROMYCIN, taken together, have a real chance to be one of the biggest game-changers in the history of medicine."[104] It has never been shown to be useful in treating COVID-19 but can produce fatal cardiac arrythmia.[105][106] Azithromycin can also precipitate irregular heart rhythms with potential fatal consequences.[107]

South Dakota had one of the largest outbreaks in the U.S.[108] The Smithfield Foods production plant in Sioux Falls had four deaths, with nearly 1,300 workers and their family members testing positive.[109] Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar misinformed a group of legislators that meatpacking plants employees were not likely to be infected at work, but that their "home and social" habits were spreading the contagion. Noem may have been the first officeholder to publicly express that view. On April 13, 2020, of an outbreak where hundreds of workers had tested positive at a Smithfield pork plant, she told Fox News, "We believe that 99 percent of what's going on today wasn't happening inside the facility". The industry didn't explain the deaths from COVID-19 of USDA food-safety inspectors from three plants. Almost 200 inspectors contracted symptomatic covid.[110] In the pandemic's early days, the Food Safety and Inspection Service did not provide protective equipment to its monitors, forbidding them from wearing masks in the slaughterhouses as it feared that might accentuate the risks. On April 9, 2020, the agency said its inspectors would be allowed to wear masks if the meatpacking plants' owners gave the federal employees permission to do so. Inspectors were expected to supply their own masks.[110] A month later, after publication of the risk for spreading the coronavirus, the USDA at last started giving its inspectors masks.[110] Noem had said that the plant was in full operation as an essential food manufacturing facility.[111] Forty-eight of Smithfield's workers were hospitalized.[112] On April 6, Noem issued an executive order that said people "shall" follow guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;[113] she also ordered everyone over age 65 in Minnehaha and Lincoln counties to stay home for three weeks.[114][115]

Noem did not mandate social distancing or the wearing of face masks at a July 3 event at Mount Rushmore with Trump present. Health experts warned that large gatherings without social distancing or mask-wearing posed a risk to public health.[116] Noem doubted scientific recommendations on the usefulness of masks.[117] In an opinion piece in the Rapid City Journal, she defended her views, citing analysis by the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons, a group known for promoting pseudoscience.[117] The Association of American Physicians and Surgeons had called vaccination the equivalent of "human experimentation."[118] COVID-19 patients hospitalized on October 22 reached a record high of 355, including 75 in Intensive Care Units. South Dakota's two largest hospital systems rescheduled elective procedures to increase available space and personnel to accommodate the surge. In the absence of a statewide mask mandate, hospital systems urged people to wear masks while in the company of those outside their own households. Sioux Falls Mayor Paul TenHaken advised his constituents, "Wear a dang mask."[117]

Sixteen weeks after Trump's executive order that provided enhanced weekly unemployment benefits of $300 as part of the U.S. federal government response to the pandemic, Noem opted out of the program, citing a low state unemployment rate.[119] South Dakota was the only state to refuse the assistance.[120] Its jobless rate in June was 7.2%, up from 3.1% in March, though down from 10.9% in April.[112] Acceptance of the funding required the state to augment the benefit by $100 unless other jobless assistance allowed for the match to be waived.[120]

South Dakota is one of two states in the U.S. to offer no emergency financial assistance to renters during the pandemic.[121]

Noem supported the annual Sturgis Motorcycle Rally in August 2020, despite warnings from experts who argued that it could be a superspreading event.[122][123] Nearly 500,000 bikers attended the event.[124] Public health notices were issued for saloons and other businesses in the Sturgis area. By the end of August, dozens of cases linked to attendance at the event were reported in several states.[125][126][127]

In September, amid a surge of new cases, Noem announced that she would spend $5 million of relief funding on a state tourism campaign.[4] She used $819,000 of those funds to have the state's Department of Tourism run a 30-second Fox News commercial she narrated during the 2020 Republican National Convention.[128] During September, over 550 students became infected at South Dakota universities; 200 more cases were reported in K–12 schools.[112]

In October, as South Dakota reported the country's second-highest number of new covid cases per capita and hospitals began to prioritize treatment of severe covid cases over lesser ones, Noem said the higher case numbers were because of more testing, despite the positive test rate and hospitalization rate also increasing.[129]

In February 2021, Noem signed a bill limiting civil liability for certain exposures to COVID-19. The bill exempts health care providers and other businesses, including those selling personal protective equipment, from lawsuits unless COVID-19 exposure was the result of gross negligence, recklessness, or willful misconduct.[130]

In July 2021, Noem criticized other Republican governors for enacting mandatory measures against COVID-19 and trying to "rewrite history" about it.[131] She argued that South Dakota had effectively combated the pandemic by instead testing and isolating cases; in fact, South Dakota had the 10th-highest death rate and third-highest case rate at that time.[131]

Governor's mansion fence

In May 2019, Noem proposed to build a fence around the governor's mansion, estimated to cost approximately $400,000, but retracted the proposal.[132][133] On August 12, 2020, it was announced the 2019 project would be revived, citing Noem's security team's recommendations.[134]

2020 presidential election

Noem claimed that the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden defeated Donald Trump, was marred by widespread voter fraud; no evidence supports this claim.[135] On December 8, 2020, she tacitly acknowledged that Biden won when she referred to a "Biden administration" during her annual state budget address. But even after Biden's inauguration, Noem still refused to accept that the election was "free and fair."[136][137][138] Noem had been designated as member of the Trump slate of South Dakota's three presidential electors,[139] but later withdrew from that duty and was replaced by South Dakota Republican Party chairman Dan Lederman. (On December 14, 2020, Lederman, Lieutenant Governor Larry Rhoden, and State Attorney General Jason Ravnsborg cast South Dakota's three electoral votes for Republican candidates Trump and Mike Pence, who carried South Dakota, receiving 261,043 votes to 150,471 for the Democratic Biden-Harris ticket).[140][141]

After the U.S. Capitol was attacked by a pro-Trump mob on January 6, 2021, disrupting the counting of the electoral votes and the formalization of Biden's victory, Noem spoke out against the violence, saying, "We are all entitled to peacefully protest. Violence is not a part of that."[142][143] One day after calling for peace and reconciliation in the aftermath of the assault on the Capitol, Noem described two newly elected Democratic senators from Georgia, Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock, as "communists" in an op-ed in The Federalist, a conservative online publication. South Dakota Democrats criticized Noem's claim.[144]

2021 Conservative Political Action Conference

In February 2021, Noem attended the Conservative Political Action Conference in Orlando, Florida, and spoke at the event. She criticized New York governor Andrew Cuomo's nursing home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as Anthony Fauci and Joe Biden's policies.[145] A CPAC straw poll found that 4% of attendees wanted Noem to run for president in 2024, putting her in third place behind Trump and Ron DeSantis. Another poll had 11% of attendees wanting her to launch a White House run if Trump does not run, which put her in second place behind DeSantis.[146]

2021 LGBTQ legislation

On March 10, 2021, Noem signed S.B.124 into law. The religious freedom bill's supporters said its purpose was to protect churches from closure during the COVID-19 pandemic, but it was edited to be more broad, sparking backlash from civil rights groups who said it would enable discrimination against LGBTQ+ people, women, and members of minority faiths.[147][148] This bill was the first religious freedom restoration act signed into law in six years and resembles the 2015 bill signed into law by Indiana Governor Mike Pence.[149]

On March 8, Noem announced on Twitter that she would sign into law H.B. 1217, the Women's Fairness in Sports Bill,[150] which bans transgender athletes from playing on or against women's school and college sports teams. Some critics of the bill say they are worried it might turn away business and cost the state money.[151] On March 19, Noem issued a style and form veto to H.B. 1217 that substantially altered the bill, not just correcting grammar and spelling mistakes.[152] She appeared on "Tucker Carlson Tonight" seeking to defend her position.[153] On March 29, the South Dakota House rejected Noem's style and form veto, 67–2.[154] After the House returned H.B. 1217 to Noem for consideration after the House rejected her veto, she vetoed H.B. 1217.[155] The House then failed to override her veto by a vote of 45-24 (2/3s or 47 votes were needed to override).[156] Numerous conservative commentators criticized Noem for vetoing the bill.[157][158]

2021 fireworks at Mt. Rushmore lawsuit

On April 30, 2021, Noem sued U.S. Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland seeking to have fireworks at Mt. Rushmore for Independence Day.[159][160] Noem hired the private Washington D.C. law firm Consovoy McCarthy to bring the case and South Dakota taxpayers paid for the representation from the Extraordinary Litigation Fund.[161] On June 2, Federal District Judge Roberto Lange ruled against Noem, finding four of the five reasons given by the National Park Service and Secretary Haaland were valid.[162] On July 13, Noem filed an appeal with the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals.[163]

Electoral history

2018 South Dakota gubernatorial election[81]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 172,912 51.0%
Democratic Billie Sutton 161,454 47.6%
Libertarian Kurt Evans 4,848 1.4%
Total votes 339,214 100%
Republican hold
2018 Republican primary election – South Dakota governor[79]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 57,437 56.0
Republican Marty Jackley 45,069 44.0
Total votes 102,506 100
2016 South Dakota's At-large congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 237,163 64.10
Democratic Paula Hawks 132,810 35.90
Total votes 369,973 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2014[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 183,834 67
Democratic Corinna Robinson 92,485 33
Total votes 276,319 100
2012 South Dakota's At-large congressional district election[164]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 207,640 57
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 43
Total votes 361,429 100
Republican hold
2010 General election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (Incumbent) 146,589 46
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 6
Total votes 319,426 100
Republican gain from Democratic
2010 Republican primary election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota[165]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 34,527 42
Republican Chris Nelson 28,380 35
Republican Blake Curd 19,134 23
Total votes 82,041 100

Personal life

Noem's husband is Bryon Noem. They have three children. In 2011, when Noem moved to Washington to take her congressional office, her family remained living on a ranch near Castlewood, South Dakota.[13]

Noem is a Protestant.[166] As of 2018, her family attended a Foursquare Church in Watertown, South Dakota.[167]

See also

References

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  2. [Trump blasts Sutton and media, raves about Noem during South Dakota visit], Argus Leader, Patrick Anderson, September 7, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  3. The Covid Queen of South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem's state has been ravaged by her Trumpian response to the pandemic — but that hasn't paused her national ambitions, Rolling Stone, Stephen Rodrick, March 16, 2021.
  4. "South Dakota governor uses coronavirus relief funds for $5 million tourism ad despite COVID surge". CBS News. September 10, 2020. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  5. Barrabi, Thomas (November 18, 2020). "South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem explains stance on mask mandate, won't enforce 'to make people feel good'". Fox News. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  6. Rodrick, Stephen (March 16, 2021). "The Covid Queen of South Dakota". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  7. Groves, Stephen (July 28, 2020). "Governor pushes schools to remain open, disparages masks". Associated Press. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  8. Pilkington, Ed (November 19, 2020). "Kristi Noem rigidly follows Trump strategy of denial as Covid ravages South Dakota". The Guardian. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  9. Groves, Stephen (August 26, 2020). "South Dakota's Noem speaks at RNC as state virus cases rise". AP News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  10. Miller, Emily (February 14, 2011). "Rep. Kristi Noem: Head of the Class". Human Events. Archived from the original on March 19, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  11. Noem, Kristi [@govkristinoem] (December 9, 2017). "Uff-da!! Thank you Graysen for my awesome sweatshirt. As a proud Norwegian I have so many..." (Tweet). Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020 via Twitter.
  12. Bahr, Jeff (February 3, 2011). "Snow Queen title meant opportunity for Noem". Aberdeen News. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  13. Hayworth, Bret (January 2, 2011). "Kristi Noem a 'fit for the times' as she takes office". Sioux City Journal. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  14. Woster, Kevin (May 9, 2010). "Noem ad: poignant or political?". Rapid City Journal. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020.
  15. Kristi Noem, South Dakota State Magazine, June 9, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
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  20. "Committee stops effort to lower grad age". Associated School Boards of South Dakota. February 25, 2010. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
  21. "Kristi Noem". Ballotpedia. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
  22. "Noem Wins South Dakota's GOP Primary for U.S. House Seat". Fox News. Associated Press. June 8, 2010.
  23. Wood, Issac (June 10, 2010). "House Primary Update". Sabato's Crystal Ball. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  24. Montgomery, David (March 20, 2011). "Money go-round". Rapid City Journal. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
  25. "Total Raised and Spent 2010 Race: South Dakota District 01". OpenSecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. March 24, 2011. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  26. Cillizza, Chris (July 1, 2010). "Independents move toward Republicans, away from Obama". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  27. Young, Steve (November 3, 2010). "Wave carries Kristi Noem". Argus Leader. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
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