Jordan Peterson

Jordan Bernt Peterson (born 12 June 1962) is a Canadian professor of psychology, clinical psychologist, YouTube personality, and author. He began to receive widespread attention in the late 2010s for his views on cultural and political issues, often described as conservative.[5][6][7]

Jordan Peterson
Peterson in Dallas, Texas, in June 2018
Born
Jordan Bernt Peterson

(1962-06-12) 12 June 1962
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
NationalityCanadian
EducationUniversity of Alberta (BA)
McGill University (MA, PhD)
Spouse(s)
Tammy Roberts
(m. 1989)
Children2
Scientific career
FieldsPsychology
Institutions
ThesisPotential psychological markers for the predisposition to alcoholism (1991)
Doctoral advisorRobert O. Pihl
Influences
Websitejordanbpeterson.com
Signature

Born and raised in Alberta, Peterson obtained bachelor's degrees in political science and psychology from the University of Alberta and a PhD in clinical psychology from McGill University. After teaching and research at Harvard University, he returned to Canada in 1998 to join the faculty of psychology at the University of Toronto. In 1999, he published his first book, Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief, which became the basis for many of his subsequent lectures. The book combined information from psychology, mythology, religion, literature, philosophy, and neuroscience to analyze systems of belief and meaning.

In 2016, Peterson released a series of YouTube videos criticizing the Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (Bill C-16), passed by the Parliament of Canada to introduce "gender identity and expression" as a prohibited grounds of discrimination.[lower-alpha 1] He argued that the bill would make the use of certain gender pronouns into compelled speech, and related this argument to a general critique of political correctness and identity politics. He subsequently received significant media coverage, attracting both support and criticism.

Afterwards, Peterson's lectures and conversations—propagated especially through podcasts and YouTube—gradually gathered millions of views. He put his clinical practice and teaching duties on hold by 2018, when he published his second book, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos. Promoted with a world tour, it became a bestseller in several countries. Throughout 2019 and 2020, Peterson's work was obstructed by health problems in the aftermath of a severe benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. In 2021, he published his third book, Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life, and returned to active podcasting.

Early life

Peterson was born on 12 June 1962, in Edmonton, Alberta,[8] and grew up in Fairview, a small town in the northwest of the province.[9] He was the eldest of three children born to Walter and Beverley Peterson. Beverley was a librarian at the Fairview campus of Grande Prairie Regional College, and Walter was a school teacher.[10][11] His middle name is Bernt (/ˈbɛərənt/, BAIR-ənt),[12] after his Norwegian great-grandfather.[13]

In junior high school, Peterson became friends with Rachel Notley and her family. Notley became leader of the Alberta New Democratic Party and 17th premier of Alberta.[14] Peterson joined the New Democratic Party (NDP) from ages 13 to 18.[15][16]

Education

After graduating from Fairview High School in 1979, Peterson entered the Grande Prairie Regional College to study political science and English literature,[17] studying to be a corporate lawyer.[3] During this time he read The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell which significantly affected his educational focus and worldview.[17][3] He later transferred to the University of Alberta, where he completed his B.A. in political science in 1982.[15] Afterwards, he took a year off to visit Europe, where he began studying the psychological origins of the Cold War; 20th-century European totalitarianism;[17][18] and the works of Carl Jung, Friedrich Nietzsche, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn,[10] and Fyodor Dostoevsky.[18] He then returned to the University of Alberta and received a B.A. in psychology in 1984.[19] In 1985, he moved to Montreal to attend McGill University. He earned his Ph.D. in clinical psychology under the supervision of Robert O. Pihl in 1991, and remained as a post-doctoral fellow at McGill's Douglas Hospital until June 1993, working with Pihl and Maurice Dongier.[17][20] While at McGill University and the Douglas Hospital, he conducted research into familial alcoholism and its associated psychopathologies, such as childhood and adolescent aggression and hyperactive behavior.[21][22][23]

Career

From July 1993 to June 1998,[1] Peterson lived in Arlington, Massachusetts, while teaching and conducting research at Harvard University, where he was hired as an assistant professor in the psychology department, later becoming an associate professor. During his time at Harvard, he studied aggression arising from drug and alcohol abuse[21] and showed great readiness to take on research projects, even unconventional ones.[15] Still while there, he switched his primary area of research from familial alcoholism to personality. After the change of focus, he has published extensively.[24][25][26][27][28][29] Author Gregg Hurwitz, a former student of Peterson's at Harvard, has cited Peterson as an inspiration of his, and psychologist Shelley Carson, former PhD student and now-professor at Harvard, recalled that Peterson's lectures had “something akin to a cult following," stating, “I remember students crying on the last day of class because they wouldn’t get to hear him anymore.”[30] Following his associate position at Harvard, Peterson returned to Canada in July 1998 and eventually became a full professor at the University of Toronto.[1][19][31]

Peterson's areas of study and research within the fields of psychology are psychopharmacology,[32][33] abnormal,[34] neuro,[35] clinical, personality,[36][37] social,[37] industrial and organizational,[1] religious, ideological,[17] political, and creativity.[38] Peterson has authored or co-authored more than a hundred academic papers[39] and was cited almost 8,000 times as of mid-2017; at end of 2020 almost 15,000 times.[40][41]

Beginning in 2003,[42] Peterson appeared in various TV productions, speaking on a range of subjects from a psychological perspective. On TVOntario, he appeared on Big Ideas in 2003 and 2006,[43][44] and in a 13-part lecture series based on Maps of Meaning, aired in 2004.[19][44] In the 2007 BBC Horizon documentary, Mad but Glad, Peterson commented on the connection between pianist Nick van Bloss' Tourette syndrome diagnosis and his musical talent.[45][46] From 2011, TVOntario's The Agenda featured Peterson as an essayist and panelist on psychologically-relevant cultural issues.[47]

For most of his career, Peterson maintained a clinical practice, seeing about 20 people a week. He has been active on social media, and in September 2016 he released a series of videos in which he criticized Bill C-16.[14][48][49] As a result of new projects, he decided to put the clinical practice on hold in 2017[50] and temporarily stopped teaching as of 2018.[11][51] In February 2018, Peterson entered into a promise with the College of Psychologists of Ontario after a professional misconduct complaint about his communication and the boundaries he sets with his patients. The college did not consider a full disciplinary hearing necessary and accepted Peterson entering into a three-month undertaking to work on prioritizing his practice and improving his patient communications. Peterson had no prior disciplinary punishments or restrictions on his clinical practice.[52][53]

Regarding the topic of religion and God, Bret Weinstein moderated a debate between Peterson and Sam Harris at the Orpheum Theatre in Vancouver in June 2018. In July, the two debated the subject again, this time moderated by Douglas Murray, at the 3Arena in Dublin and The O2 Arena in London.[54][55] In April 2019, Peterson debated Slavoj Žižek at the Sony Centre in Toronto over happiness under capitalism versus Marxism.[56][57]

Works

Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief (1999)

In 1999, Routledge published Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief, in which Peterson describes a comprehensive theory about how people construct meaning, form beliefs, and make narratives. The book, which took Peterson 13 years to complete, draws concepts from various fields including mythology, religion, literature, philosophy, and psychology, in accordance to the modern scientific understanding of how the brain functions.[15][58][59][60][61][62]

Peterson at the University of Toronto in March 2017

According to Peterson, his main goal was to examine why individuals and groups alike participate in social conflict, exploring the reasoning and motivation individuals take to support their belief systems (i.e. ideological identification)[15] that eventually result in killing and pathological atrocities such as the Gulag, the Auschwitz concentration camp, and the Rwandan genocide.[15][61][62] Influenced by Jung's archetypal view of the collective unconscious in the book,[30] Peterson says that an "analysis of the world's religious ideas might allow us to describe our essential morality and eventually develop a universal system of morality."[62]

In 2004, a 13-part TV miniseries based on Peterson's book aired on TVOntario.[10][19][44]

12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos (2018)

In January 2018, Penguin Random House published Peterson's second book, 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos, in which abstract ethical principles about life are provided in a more accessible style than his previous Maps of Meaning.[30][50][63] The book topped best-selling lists in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the US, and the United Kingdom.[64][65][66]

To promote the book, Peterson embarked on a world tour.[67]

Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life (2021)

Peterson's third book, Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life, was released on 2 March 2021.[68] On 23 November 2020, his publisher Penguin Random House Canada (PRH Canada) held an internal town hall where many employees criticized the decision to publish the book.[69]

YouTube channel and podcasts

Jordan B Peterson
YouTube information
Years active8
Genrepsychology & religion lectures, interviews on science, personal growth, culture
Subscribers3.84M
Total views245,644,707
Associated actsJoe Rogan, Bret Weinstein, Dave Rubin, Rebel Wisdom, Akira the Don, Russell Brand, Jocko Willink, Holding Space Films
1,000,000 subscribers 2018

Updated: 8 July 2021

In 2013, Peterson registered a YouTube channel named JordanPetersonVideos,[70] and immediately began uploading recordings of lectures and interviews. The earliest dated recordings are from Harvard lectures in 1996. By the end of 2013, content on the channel included the lectures from Harvard, some interviews, and additional special lectures on two defining topics: "Tragedy vs Evil" and "Psychology as a career".

From 2014, uploads include recordings from two of his classes at University of Toronto ("Personality and Its Transformations" and "Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief"),[71] special lectures ("Potential" for TEDx, "Death of the Oceans"), interviews, experiments in Q&A format, and video essays.

In March 2016, after three years of basic uploading of course videos, Peterson announced an interest to clean existing content and improve future content,[72] including a new experiment in crowdfunding through Patreon.[72]

The channel gathered more than 1.8 million subscribers and his videos received more than 65 million views as of August 2018.[49][73] By January 2021, subscribers on JordanPetersonVideos numbered at 3.4 million and total views reached over 200 million.[70]

From early 2017, funding for projects dramatically increased through his use of Patreon. Peterson hired a production team to film his 2017 psychology lectures at the University of Toronto. Donations received, range from $1,000 per month in August 2016 to $14,000 by January 2017; more than $50,000 by July 2017; and over $80,000 by May 2018.[14][49][74][75] With this funding, a number of projects and lecture series were proposed: more interviews, regular live Q&A sessions, public lecture series on the Bible (Genesis through Revelation), conversations with Muslims in Canada and US, and an online university. From May through December 2017, a lecture series on biblical stories was recorded and released on YouTube. A series of live Q&A events, appearing approximately monthly, were released beginning April 2017, through January 2018, then shifting to an irregular schedule through 2019. Regular donations for the YouTube channel were interrupted in January 2019, when Peterson deleted his Patreon account in public protest to the platform's controversial banning of another content creator.[76][77] Following this, Peterson and Dave Rubin announced the creation of a new, free speech-oriented social networking and crowdfunding platform.[78] This alternative had a limited release under the name Thinkspot later in 2019, and remained in beta testing as of December 2019.[79]

Peterson has appeared on many podcasts, conversational series, as well other online shows.[73][80] In December 2016, Peterson started The Jordan B. Peterson Podcast.[81] In March 2019, the podcast joined the Westwood One network with Peterson's daughter as a co-host on some episodes.[82] Peterson defended engineer James Damore after he was fired from Google for writing Google's Ideological Echo Chamber.[63]

Biblical lectures

Jordan Peterson speaking in front of St. Stephen's Basilica, Budapest, Hungary, in May 2019.

In May 2017, Peterson began The Psychological Significance of the Biblical Stories,[83] a series of live theatre lectures, also published as podcasts, in which he analyzes archetypal narratives in Book of Genesis as patterns of behavior ostensibly vital for personal, social and cultural stability.[63] In October 2020, Peterson announced plans for a lecture series on the Book of Exodus and the Book of Proverbs.[84]

In March 2019, Peterson had his invitation of a visiting fellowship at Cambridge University rescinded. He had previously said the fellowship would give him "the opportunity to talk to religious experts of all types for a couple of months", and that the new lectures would have been on Book of Exodus.[85] A spokesperson for the university said there was "no place" for anyone who could not uphold the "inclusive environment" of the university.[86] After a week, Vice-Chancellor Stephen Toope explained that it was due to a photograph with a man wearing an Islamophobic shirt.[87] The Cambridge University Students' Union released a statement of relief, considering the invitation "a political act to…legitimise figures such as Peterson" and that his work and views are not "representative of the student body".[88] Peterson called the decision a "deeply unfortunate...error of judgement" and expressed regret that the Divinity Faculty had submitted to an "ill-informed, ignorant and ideologically-addled mob".[89][90]

Self-Authoring Suite

In 2005, Peterson, with colleagues Daniel M. Higgins and Robert O. Pihl, established a website and company to deliver an evolving writing therapy system called The Self-Authoring Suite.[91] It consists of a series of online writing programs: the Past Authoring Program (a guided autobiography); two Present Authoring Programs, which aids analysis of personality faults and virtues; and the Future Authoring Program, which aids in developing a vision and planning desired futures.

To understand the statistical benefits of the suite academic trials have been conducted, and several studies published. Peterson states that more than 10,000 students have used the program, with drop-out rates decreasing by 25% and GPAs rising by 20%.[10]

The Future Authoring program has been used with McGill University undergraduates on academic probation to improve grades, and since 2011 by the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University.[92][93]

A 2015 study published by Palgrave Communications[lower-alpha 2] showed a significant reduction in ethnic and gender-group differences in performance, especially among ethnic minority male students.[93][94] In 2020, the Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario (HEQCO) published a study[95] within its Access and Retention Consortium.[96] As HEQCO (with ARC) is an agency of Ontario government, this study represents published research for broader public awareness and application. To support this, several institutions were represented in the research: Mohawk College, University of Ottawa, University of Toronto, Queens University.[97] The program was tested at Mohawk College, and found similar results as with other studies.[lower-alpha 3]

Political views

Peterson has characterized himself politically as a "classic British liberal",[18][98][99] and as a "traditionalist".[100] He has stated that he is commonly mistaken to be right-wing.[73] The New York Times described Peterson as "conservative-leaning",[6] while The Washington Post described him as an "aspiring conservative thought leader".[101] Yoram Hazony wrote in The Wall Street Journal that "[t]he startling success of his elevated arguments for the importance of order has made him the most significant conservative thinker to appear in the English-speaking world in a generation."[5] Wall Street Journal editorial page writer Barton Swaim wrote, "I wouldn't describe [Peterson] as a conservative—his interest lies in individual rather than societal order, and he says little about public policy. But it's true that he not infrequently winds up holding conservative viewpoints on cultural matters."[102] The American Conservative wrote that, while Peterson has "abjured any connection to modern liberalism or conservatism ... the biggest tell that Peterson is a conservative is simply that his general disposition toward life and society is conservative."[103] In the Los Angeles Times, libertarian journalist Cathy Young commented that "Peterson's ideas are a mixed bag. [...] But you wouldn't know this from reading Peterson's critics, who generally cast him as a far-right boogeyman riding the wave of a misogynistic backlash."[104] Nathan J. Robinson of the left-wing magazine Current Affairs opines that Peterson has been seen "as everything from a fascist apologist to an Enlightenment liberal, because his vacuous words are a kind of Rorschach test onto which countless interpretations can be projected."[105]

Academia and political correctness

Peterson suggests that universities are largely responsible for a wave of political correctness that has appeared in North America and Europe,[49] saying that he had watched the rise of political correctness on campuses since the early 1990s. Peterson believes the humanities have become corrupt and less reliant on science, in particular sociology. He contends that "proper culture" has been undermined by "post-modernism and neo-Marxism."[18]

Peterson's critiques of political correctness range over issues such as postmodernism, postmodern feminism, white privilege, cultural appropriation, and environmentalism.[80] His social media presence has magnified the impact of these views; Simona Chiose of The Globe and Mail wrote that "few University of Toronto professors in the humanities and social sciences have enjoyed the global name recognition Prof. Peterson has won."[49] Writing in the National Post, Chris Selley said that Peterson's opponents had "underestimated the fury being inspired by modern preoccupations like white privilege and cultural appropriation, and by the marginalization, shouting down or outright cancellation of other viewpoints in polite society's institutions",[106] while Tim Lott stated, in The Spectator, that Peterson became "an outspoken critic of mainstream academia".[18]

According to his study—conducted with one of his students, Christine Brophy—of the relationship between political belief and personality, political correctness exists in two types: "PC-egalitarianism" and "PC-authoritarianism", which is a manifestation of "offense sensitivity".[107] Jason McBride claims that Peterson places classical liberals in the former, and so-called social justice warriors, who he says "weaponize compassion", in the latter.[10][17] The study also found an overlap between PC-authoritarians and right-wing authoritarians.[107]

Psychologist Daniel Burston has critiqued Peterson's views on academia. On Marxism, postmodernism, feminism, Burston faults Peterson's thought as oversimplified.[108] On the general state of academia, Burston generally agrees[109] with Peterson's criticisms of identity politics in academia,[112] as well as Peterson's charge that academia is "riddled with Left-wing bias and political correctness".[109] On summarizing the decline of the university, Burston disagrees with Peterson's critique against the Left, arguing that Peterson overlooks the degree to which the current decline of the humanities and social sciences are due to university administration focus.[109]

Postmodernism and identity politics

Peterson says that "disciplines like women's studies should be defunded", advising freshman students to avoid subjects like sociology, anthropology, English literature, ethnic studies, and racial studies, as well as other fields of study that he believes are corrupted by "post-modern neo-Marxists".[113][114][115] He believes these fields to propagate cult-like behaviour and safe-spaces, under the pretense of academic inquiry.[114][113] Peterson had proposed a website using artificial intelligence to identify ideologization in specific courses, but postponed the project in November 2017 as "it might add excessively to current polarization".[116][117]

He has repeatedly stated his opposition to identity politics, stating that it is practiced on both sides of the political divide: "[t]he left plays them on behalf of the oppressed, let's say, and the right tends to play them on behalf of nationalism and ethnic pride". He considers both "equally dangerous", saying that what should be emphasized, instead, is individual focus and personal responsibility.[118] He has also been prominent in the debate about cultural appropriation, stating that the concept promotes self-censorship in society and journalism.[119]

Peterson's perspectives on the influence of postmodernism on North American humanities departments have been compared to the Cultural Marxism conspiracy theory, including his use of "Cultural Marxism" and "postmodernism" as interchangeable terms and his take of postmodern philosophy as an offshoot or expression of neo-Marxism.[64][120][121][122][123]

Several writers have associated Peterson with the so-called "intellectual dark web", including journalist Bari Weiss, who included Peterson in the 2018 New York Times article that first popularized the term.[124][125][126][127][128]

An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code

On 27 September 2016, Peterson released the first installment of a three-part lecture video series, entitled "Professor against political correctness: Part I: Fear and the Law".[14][129][48] In the video, he stated that he would not use the preferred gender pronouns of students and faculty, saying it fell under compelled speech, and announced his objection to the Canadian government's Bill C-16, which proposed to add "gender identity or expression" as a prohibited ground of discrimination under the Canadian Human Rights Act, and to similarly expand the definitions of promoting genocide and publicly inciting hatred in the hate speech laws in Canada.[lower-alpha 1][130][129][131]

Peterson speaking at a Free Speech Rally in October 2016

Peterson stated that his objection to the bill was based on potential free-speech implications if the Criminal Code were amended, claiming he could then be prosecuted under provincial human-rights laws if he refuses to call a transgender student or faculty member by the individual's preferred pronoun.[131][132] Furthermore, he argued that the new amendments, paired with section 46.3 of the Ontario Human Rights Code, would make it possible for employers and organizations to be subject to punishment under the code if any employee or associate says anything that can be construed "directly or indirectly" as offensive, "whether intentionally or unintentionally".[133] According to law professor Brenda Cossman and others, this interpretation of C-16 is mistaken, and the law does not criminalize misuse of pronouns,[132][134][135][136] though commercial litigator Jared Brown has described a scenario (albeit one he thinks unlikely) in which a person could end up in prison for contempt of court for persistently refusing to comply with a court order to refer to another person by their preferred gender pronouns.[137]

The series of videos drew criticism from transgender activists, faculty, and labour unions; critics accused Peterson of "helping to foster a climate for hate to thrive" and of "fundamentally mischaracterising" the law.[138][14] Protests erupted on campus, some including violence, and the controversy attracted international media attention.[134][139][140] When asked in September 2016 if he would comply with the request of a student to use a preferred pronoun, Peterson said "it would depend on how they asked me.… If I could detect that there was a chip on their shoulder, or that they were [asking me] with political motives, then I would probably say no.… If I could have a conversation like the one we're having now, I could probably meet them on an equal level."[140] Two months later, the National Post published an op-ed by Peterson in which he elaborated on his opposition to the bill, saying that gender-neutral singular pronouns were "at the vanguard of a post-modern, radical leftist ideology that I detest, and which is, in my professional opinion, frighteningly similar to the Marxist doctrines that killed at least 100 million people in the 20th century."[141]

In response to the controversy, academic administrators at the University of Toronto sent Peterson two letters of warning, one noting that free speech had to be made in accordance with human rights legislation, and the other adding that his refusal to use the preferred personal pronouns of students and faculty upon request could constitute discrimination. Peterson speculated that these warning letters were leading up to formal disciplinary action against him, but in December the university assured him he would retain his professorship, and in January 2017 he returned to teach his psychology class at the University of Toronto.[14][142]

In February 2017, Maxime Bernier, candidate for leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, stated that he had shifted his position on Bill C-16, from support to opposition, after meeting with Peterson and discussing it.[143] Peterson's analysis of the bill was also frequently cited by senators who were opposed to its passage.[144] In April 2017, Peterson was denied a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) grant for the first time in his career, which he interpreted as retaliation for his statements regarding Bill C-16.[40] However, a media-relations adviser for SSHRC said, "Committees assess only the information contained in the application."[145] In response, Rebel News launched an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign on Peterson's behalf,[146] raising C$195,000 by its end on 6 May, equivalent to over two years of research funding.[147] In May 2017, as one of 24 witnesses who were invited to speak about the bill, Peterson spoke against Bill C-16 at a Canadian Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs hearing.[144]

In November 2017, Lindsay Shepherd, the teaching assistant of a Wilfrid Laurier University first-year communications course, was censured by her professors for showing, during a classroom discussion about pronouns, a segment of The Agenda in which Peterson debates Bill C-16 with another professor.[148][149][150] The reasons given for the censure included the clip creating a "toxic climate", being compared to a "speech by Hitler",[16] and being itself in violation of Bill C-16.[151] The censure was later withdrawn and both the professors and the university formally apologized.[152][153][154] The events were cited by Peterson, as well as several newspaper editorial boards[155][156][157] and national newspaper columnists,[158][159][160][161] as illustrative of the suppression of free speech on university campuses. In June 2018, Peterson filed a $1.5-million lawsuit against Wilfrid Laurier University, arguing that three staff members of the university had maliciously defamed him by making negative comments about him behind closed doors.[162] As of September 2018, Wilfrid Laurier had asked the court to dismiss the lawsuit, saying it was ironic for a purported advocate of free speech to attempt to curtail free speech.[163]

Gender relations and masculinity

Peterson has argued that there is an ongoing "crisis of masculinity" and "backlash against masculinity" in which the "masculine spirit is under assault."[9][164][165][166] He has argued that the left characterises the existing societal hierarchy as an "oppressive patriarchy" but "don't want to admit that the current hierarchy might be predicated on competence."[9] He has said men without partners are likely to become violent, and has noted that male violence is reduced in societies in which monogamy is a social norm.[9][164] He has attributed the rise of Donald Trump and far-right European politicians to what he says is a negative reaction to a push to "feminize" men, saying "If men are pushed too hard to feminize they will become more and more interested in harsh, fascist political ideology."[167] He attracted considerable attention over a 2018 Channel 4 interview in which he clashed with interviewer Cathy Newman on the topic of the gender pay gap.[168][169] He disputed the contention that the disparity was solely due to sexual discrimination.[169][170][171]

Peterson's holds the view that the concept of cosmic "order" is masculine, while "chaos" is characterised as feminine. He believes that these traits exist inherently and beyond any temporal constraints, not as results of societal or cultural structures. To Peterson, "culture" is "symbolically, archetypally, mythically male," while "chaos — the unknown — is symbolically associated with the feminine." He has expressed that while it may be considered "unfortunate" that this is the case, any attempt to change or subvert these traits would result in a loss of humanity, saying, "You know you can say, 'Well isn't it unfortunate that chaos is represented by the feminine' — well, it might be unfortunate, but it doesn't matter because that is how it's represented. [...] And there are reasons for it. You can't change it. It's not possible. This is underneath everything. If you change those basic categories, people wouldn't be human anymore. [...] We wouldn't be able to talk to these new creatures."[172][173]

Religious views

Peterson has favourable views on the teachings of the Orthodox Church.[174][175] However, Eastern Orthodox artist Jonathan Pageau who has worked with Peterson in several dialogues about art, beauty and faith (including the "Logos" forum in Toronto) claims that Peterson is not a Christian ("He has flirted with that, but pulled back").[176]

In a 2017 interview, Peterson was asked if he was a Christian; he responded, "I suppose the most straight-forward answer to that is yes."[177] When asked if he believes in God, Peterson responded: "I think the proper response to that is No, but I'm afraid He might exist."[50] Writing for The Spectator, Tim Lott said Peterson draws inspiration from Jung's philosophy of religion and holds views similar to the Christian existentialism of Søren Kierkegaard and Paul Tillich. Lott also said that Peterson has respect for Taoism, as it views nature as a struggle between order and chaos and posits life would be meaningless without this duality.[18]

Writing in Psychoanalysis, Politics and the Postmodern University, Daniel Burston argues that Peterson's views on religion reflect a preoccupation with what Tillich calls the vertical or transcendent dimension of religious experience but demonstrate little or no familiarity with (or sympathy for) what Tillich termed the horizontal dimension of faith, which demands social justice in the tradition of the Biblical Prophets.[178]

In his video posted in October 2020, Peterson mentioned, "...with God's grace and mercy I'll be able to start generating original material once again and pick up where I left off."[179]

Influence

In 2018, Kelefa Sanneh wrote in the New Yorker that Peterson "is now one of the most influential — and polarizing — public intellectuals in the English-speaking world."[167][180][181]

Personal life

Peterson married Tammy Roberts in 1989;[14] the couple have a daughter, Mikhaila, and a son, Julian.[10][14]

Following Peterson's rise to fame, his daughter Mikhaila has built an online following herself and offers dietary advice of only eating meat.[182][183]

Starting around 2000, Peterson began collecting Soviet-era paintings.[16] The paintings are displayed in his house as a reminder of the relationship between totalitarian propaganda and art, and as examples of how idealistic visions can become totalitarian oppression and horror.[30][51] In 2016, Peterson became an honorary member of the extended family of Charles Joseph, a Kwakwakaʼwakw artist, and was given the name Alestalagie ("Great Seeker").[16][184]

Health problems

In 2016, Peterson had a severe autoimmune reaction to food and was prescribed clonazepam.[185] In late 2016, he went on a strict diet consisting only of meat and some vegetables, in an attempt to control his severe depression and the effects of an autoimmune disorder including psoriasis and uveitis.[11][100] In mid-2018, he stopped eating vegetables, and continued eating only beef (carnivore diet).[186]

In April 2019, his prescribed dosage of clonazepam was increased to deal with the anxiety he was experiencing as a result of his wife's cancer diagnosis.[187][188][189] Starting several months later, he made various attempts to lessen his intake, or stop taking the drug altogether, but experienced "horrific" benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, including akathisia,[190] described by his daughter as "incredible, endless, irresistible restlessness, bordering on panic".[191][187] According to his daughter, Peterson and his family were unable to find doctors in North America who were willing to accommodate their treatment desires, so in January 2020, Peterson, his daughter and her husband flew to Moscow, Russia for treatment.[192] Doctors there diagnosed Peterson with pneumonia in both lungs upon arrival, and he was put into a medically induced coma for eight days. Peterson spent four weeks in the intensive care unit, during which time he allegedly exhibited a temporary loss of motor skills.[187][193]

Several months after his treatment in Russia, Peterson and his family moved to Belgrade, Serbia for further treatment.[185] In June 2020, Peterson made his first public appearance in over a year, when he appeared on his daughter's podcast, recorded in Belgrade.[185] He said that he was "back to my regular self", other than feeling fatigue, and was cautiously optimistic about his prospects.[185] He also said that he wanted to warn people about the dangers of long-term use of benzodiazepines (the class of drugs that includes clonazepam).[185] In August 2020, his daughter announced that her father had contracted COVID-19 during his hospital stay in Serbia.[194] Two months later, Peterson posted a YouTube video to inform that he had returned home and aimed to resume work in the near future.[84]

Bibliography

Books

  • Peterson, Jordan B. (1999). Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-92222-7.
  • Peterson, Jordan B. (2018). 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos. Penguin Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-81602-3.
  • Peterson, Jordan B. (2021). Beyond Order: 12 More Rules for Life. Penguin Random House. ISBN 978-0-735-27833-2.

Select publications

Films

  • The Rise of Jordan Peterson (2019)[195]
  • No Safe Spaces (2019)[196]

Notes

  1. The phrase "a prohibited ground of discrimination" means it is illegal to discriminate against an individual or groups of people on the grounds of (based on) race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, etc.
  2. In 2020, the journal Palgrave Communications changed its name to Humanities and Social Sciences Communications.
  3. Examining some statistics from Using Future Authoring to Improve Student Outcomes, the study found the Future Authoring component of Self Authoring "had a decreasing effect on the overall leaving rate (14.8% for control group) of participants by 3.3 to 4.3 percentage points", "the estimated effects tend to be larger in magnitude for students who typically have higher leaving rates (e.g. males vs. females, certificate vs. advanced diploma...) For example, males in the treatment group had leaving rates 5.9 to 8.0 percentage points lower than those in the control group (17.1% leaving rate), while the difference in leaving rates between the experimental groups for females is small and statistically insignificant".

References

  1. "Jordan B Peterson". ResearchGate. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  2. Jordan Peterson (1999). "Preface: Descensus ad Infernos". Maps of Meaning. Routledge. p. xvii. ISBN 978-0415922227. I read something by Carl Jung, at about this time, that helped me understand what I was experiencing. It was Jung who formulated the concept of persona: the mask that "feigned individuality." Adoption of such a mask, according to Jung, allowed each of us- and those around us - to believe that we were authentic. Jung said...
  3. Jordan Peterson (1999). "Preface: Descensus ad Infernos". Maps of Meaning. Routledge. pp. xiii, xiv. ISBN 978-0415922227.
  4. Rowson, Jonathan (1 March 2019). "Cultural Indigestion: What we learned and failed to learn from Jordan Peterson's rise to fame". Medium. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  5. Hazony, Yoram (15 June 2018). "Jordan Peterson and Conservatism's Rebirth: The psychologist and YouTube star has brought the concepts of order and tradition back to our intellectual discourse". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 1 September 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  6. Bowles, Nellie (24 December 2018). "Patreon Bars Anti-Feminist for Racist Speech, Inciting Revolt". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  7. Beauchamp, Zack (26 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson, the obscure Canadian psychologist turned right-wing celebrity, explained". Vox. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  8. "About Archived 17 March 2020 at the Wayback Machine." Dr Jordan Peterson on Facebook (official page).
  9. Bowles, Nellie. 18 May 2018. "Jordan Peterson, Custodian of the Patriarchy Archived 31 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine." The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  10. McBride, Jason (25 January 2017). "The Pronoun Warrior". Toronto Life. Archived from the original on 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  11. Menon, Vinay (16 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson is trying to make sense of the world — including his own strange journey". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  12. Brown, Louise (17 April 2007). "Schools a soft target for revenge-seekers". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 3 November 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2017. Jordan Bernt Peterson of the University of Toronto
  13. Peterson, Jordan B. (23 March 2017). "I am Dr Jordan B Peterson, U of T Professor, clinical psychologist, author of Maps of Meaning and creator of The SelfAuthoring Suite. Ask me anything!". Reddit. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2017. Bernt. Pronounced Bear-ent. It's Norwegian, after my great grandfather.
  14. Winsa, Patty (15 January 2017). "He says freedom, they say hate. The pronoun fight is back". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 7 March 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  15. Krendl, Anne C. (26 April 1995). "Jordan Peterson: Linking Mythology to Psychology". The Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  16. Brown, Mick (31 March 2018). "How did controversial psychologist Jordan Peterson become an international phenomenon?". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 November 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  17. Tucker, Jason; VandenBeukel, Jason (1 December 2016). "'We're teaching university students lies' – An interview with Dr Jordan Peterson". C2C Journal. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  18. Lott, Tim (20 September 2017). "Jordan Peterson and the transgender wars". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 21 April 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  19. "Former Fairviewite gets TV miniseries". Fairview Post. 27 January 2004. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  20. "Biography: Jordan Peterson". University of Toronto. 14 August 2016. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  21. Pihl, RO; Peterson, JB (1993). "A biosocial model of the alcohol-aggression relationship". Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Supplement. 11 (11): 128–139. doi:10.15288/jsas.1993.s11.128. PMID 8410954.
  22. Peterson, JB; Finn, PR (1992). "Cognitive dysfunction and the inherited predisposition to alcoholism". Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 53 (2): 154–160. doi:10.15288/jsas.1993.s11.128. PMID 8410954.
  23. Pihl, Robert O.; Peterson, Jordan B. (1991). "Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, childhood conduct disorder, and alcoholism". Alcohol Health & Research World. 15 (1): 25+.
  24. Stewart, Sherry H; Peterson, Jordan B (1995). "Anxiety sensitivity and self-reported alcohol consumption rates in university women". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 9 (4): 283–292. doi:10.1016/0887-6185(95)00009-D.
  25. Vickers, Kristin E; Peterson, Jordan B (1996). "Fighting as a function of personality and neuropsychological measures". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 794 (1): 411–412. Bibcode:1996NYASA.794..411V. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1996.tb32558.x. S2CID 84133222.
  26. Mejia, JM; Peterson, J (1997). Exploratory analysis of the relation between aggressive behavior and functional neurotransmitter polymorphisms in a sample of Quebec boys studied longitudinally. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 74. pp. 655–656.
  27. Peterson, Jordan B (1999). "Neuropsychology and mythology of motivation for group aggression". Encyclopedia of violence, peace and conflict. pp. 529–545.
  28. Peterson, Jordan B (1999). Maps of meaning: The architecture of belief.
  29. Peterson, Jordan B (2000). "Latent inhibition and openness to experience in a high-achieving student population". Personality and Individual Differences. 28 (2): 323–332. doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00101-4.
  30. Bartlett, Tom (17 January 2018). "What's So Dangerous About Jordan Peterson?". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 6 August 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  31. Zack Beauchamp (21 May 2018). "Jordan Peterson, the obscure Canadian psychologist turned right-wing celebrity, explained - Who Peterson is, and the important truths he reveals about our current political moment". Vox. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  32. Peterson, Jordan B; Shane, M (2004). "The functional neuroanatomy and psychopharmacology of predatory and defensive aggression". Beyond Empiricism: Institutions and Intentions in the Study of Crime: 107–146.
  33. Assaad, J-M; Peterson, Jordan B (2004). "Combined effects of alcohol and nicotine on memory". Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. 3 (57): 609.
  34. DeYoung, Colin G; Peterson, Jordan B; Séguin, Jean R; Tremblay, Richard E (2008). "Externalizing behavior and the higher order factors of the Big Five". Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 117 (4): 947–53. doi:10.1037/a0013742. PMID 19025240.
  35. DeYoung, Colin G; Peterson, Jordan B; Higgins, Daniel M (2005). "Sources of openness/intellect: Cognitive and neuropsychological correlates of the fifth factor of personality". Journal of Personality. 73 (4): 825–858. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00330.x. PMID 15958136.
  36. Djikic, Maja; Oatley, Keith; Peterson, Jordan B (2012). "Serene arts: The effect of personal unsettledness and of paintings' narrative structure on personality". Empirical Studies of the Arts. 30 (2): 183–193. doi:10.2190/EM.30.2.e. S2CID 143129103.
  37. Hirsh, Jacob B; DeYoung, Colin G; Xu, Xiaowen; Peterson, Jordan B (2010). "Compassionate liberals and polite conservatives: Associations of agreeableness with political ideology and moral values". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 36 (5): 655–664. doi:10.1177/0146167210366854. PMID 20371797. S2CID 15424276.
  38. "Meaning Conference". International Network on Personal Meaning. July 2016. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017.
  39. McCamon, Brent (28 March 2017). "Wherefore Art Thou Peterson?". Convivium. Archived from the original on 3 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  40. Blatchford, Christie (3 April 2017). "'An opportunity to make their displeasure known': Pronoun professor denied government grant". National Post. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  41. See: Jordan Peterson publications indexed by Google Scholar.
  42. Beauchamp, Zack (26 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson, the obscure Canadian psychologist turned right-wing celebrity, explained". Vox. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  43. "Jordan Peterson on Slaying the Dragon Within Us". 2003.
  44. "Archive: Maps of Meaning". TVO.org. TVOntario. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  45. "Mad but Glad". BBC. 3 April 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  46. "Mad but Glad - Psych Documentary Films". Psych: Documentary Films. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. There are also contributions from scientists who explore and reveal the biological basis for the connection: the manic writer, herself a Harvard scientist, the eminent neurologist Oliver Sacks, and the psychologist Jordan Peterson.
  47. "Your Agenda Insight: Visceral Politics". YouTube. 7 April 2011.
  48. "Part 1: Fear and the Law". YouTube. 27 September 2016. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  49. Chiose, Simona (3 June 2017). "Jordan Peterson and the trolls in the ivory tower". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  50. Blatchford, Christie (19 January 2018). "Christie Blatchford sits down with 'warrior for common sense' Jordan Peterson". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  51. Bowles, Nellie (18 May 2018). "Jordan Peterson, Custodian of the Patriarchy". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  52. Brean, Joseph (23 March 2018). "After misconduct complaint, Jordan Peterson agrees to plan for clinical improvement". National Post. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  53. Denton, Jack O. (23 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson addressing professional misconduct allegation with psychologists' governing body". The Varsity. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  54. Ruffolo, Michael (26 June 2018). "Sam Harris and Jordan Peterson waste a lot of time, then talk about God for 20 minutes". National Observer. Archived from the original on 23 April 2019. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  55. Murray, Douglas (16 September 2018). "Arena talks in Dublin and London with Jordan Peterson, Sam Harris and Douglas Murray". The Spectator USA. Archived from the original on 23 April 2019. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  56. Mudhar, Raju; Kennedy, Brendan (19 April 2019). "Jordan Peterson, Slavoj Zizek each draw fans at sold-out debate". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  57. Marche, Stephen (20 April 2019). "The 'debate of the century': What happened when Jordan Peterson debated Slavoj Žižek". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  58. McCord, Joan (2004). Beyond Empiricism: Institutions and Intentions in the Study of Crime. Transaction Publishers. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-4128-1806-3. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  59. Ellens, J. Harold (2004). The Destructive Power of Religion: Models and Cases of Violence in Religion. Praeger. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-275-97974-4. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  60. Gregory, Erik M.; Rutledge, Pamela B. (2016). Exploring Positive Psychology: The Science of Happiness and Well-being. ABC-CLIO. p. 154. ISBN 978-1-61069-940-2. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  61. Lambert, Craig (September 1998). "Chaos, Culture, Curiosity". Harvard Magazine. Archived from the original on 8 March 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  62. JR. August 2015. "Summary and Guide to Maps of Meaning: The Architecture of Belief by Jordan Peterson Archived 1 March 2018 at the Wayback Machine." Scribd. Retrieved 14 June 2020. pp. 2–3.
  63. Lott, Tim (21 January 2018). "Jordan Peterson: 'The pursuit of happiness is a pointless goal'". The Observer. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  64. Lynskey, Dorian (7 February 2018). "How dangerous is Jordan B Peterson, the rightwing professor who 'hit a hornets' nest'?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  65. Dundas, Deborah (9 February 2018). "Jordan Peterson's book is a bestseller – except where it matters most". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  66. Reyna, Xavier Austin (23 February 2018). "Why Jordan Peterson Is Such a Crucial Figure for the Community". EStudy Breaks. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  67. Murray, Douglas (20 January 2018). "The curious star appeal of Jordan Peterson". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 20 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  68. "Beyond Order by Jordan B. Peterson". Penguin Random House Canada. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  69. Flood, Alison (25 November 2020). "Staff at Jordan Peterson's publisher protest new book plans". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  70. "JordanPetersonVideos About page". YouTube.
  71. Psychology Students' Association. June 2010. "Psychology Archived 28 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine." Pp. 188–97 in Arts & Science Student Union Anti-calendar. pp. 189, 193. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  72. "2 Minute Message about this channel". Introductory Videos: 1-5 minutes. 19 March 2016. JordanPetersonVideos. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  73. Callagahan, Greg (19 April 2018). "Right-winger? Not me, says alt-right darling Jordan Peterson". The Sunday Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  74. McKeen, Alex (4 July 2017). "Controversial U of T professor making nearly $50,000 a month through crowdfunding". The Star. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  75. Hern, Alex (14 May 2018). "The rise of Patreon – the website that makes Jordan Peterson $80k a month". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 27 September 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  76. Flood, Brian (4 January 2019). "Jordan B. Peterson, Dave Rubin ditch crowdfunding site Patreon to stand up for free speech". FoxNews.com. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  77. Bowles, Nellie (24 December 2018). "Patreon Bars Anti-Feminist for Racist Speech, Inciting Revolt". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  78. "Jordan Peterson claims he's building an alternative to Patreon". The Daily Dot. 19 December 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  79. McKay, Tom (26 December 2019). "Jordan Peterson, Sir, Mr. Surrogate Dad Sir: Please Return My Ten Dollars". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  80. Ziai, Reza (17 September 2017). "The Curious Case of Jordan Peterson". Areo Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  81. Peterson, Jordan B. (28 June 2018). "The Jordan B Peterson Podcast". JordanBPeterson.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2017. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  82. Mitchell, Michael (25 March 2019). "Intellectual Phenomenon Dr. Jordan B. Peterson Joins Westwood One Podcast Network". Radio Facts. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  83. "The psychological significance of the Biblical stories". Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017 via ResearchGate.
  84. Dawson, Tyler (20 October 2020). "'I'm alive': Jordan Peterson back in Canada after lengthy medical treatment, he says in emotional new video". National Post. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  85. Bennett, Rosemary (21 March 2019). "Cambridge turns away alt-right darling Jordan Peterson". The Times. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  86. "Dr Jordan Peterson: Cambridge University fellowship rescinded". BBC. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  87. "Dr Jordan Peterson: 'Anti-Islam shirt' behind fellowship U-turn". BBC. 25 March 2019. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  88. Marsh, Sarah (20 March 2019). "Cambridge University rescinds Jordan Peterson invitation". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  89. Bennett, Katy (21 March 2019). "Jordan Peterson criticises Cambridge's decision to rescind fellowship offer". Varsity. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  90. Williams, Alex (21 March 2019). "Jordan Peterson accuses Cambridge University of 'serious error' after withdrawing fellowship offer". Premier Christian Radio. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  91. "Self Authoring Business record". Craft.co. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  92. Kamenetz, Anya (December 2013). "Can a Writing Assignment Make You Happier, Healthier and Less Stressed?". O, The Oprah Magazine. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  93. Kamenetz, Anya (10 July 2015). "The Writing Assignment That Changes Lives". NPR. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  94. Schippers, Michaéla C; Scheepers, Ad W. A.; Peterson, Jordan (2015). "A scalable goal-setting intervention closes both the gender and ethnic minority achievement gap". Palgrave Communications. 1. doi:10.1057/palcomms.2015.14.
  95. "A Goal-Oriented Writing Intervention to Improve Student Outcomes". Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. 5 March 2021.
  96. "Consortia". Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. 5 March 2021.
  97. Finnie, R.; Poirier, W.; Bozkurt, E.; Peterson, J.B.; Fricker, T.; Pratt, M. (1 March 2020). Using Future Authoring to Improve Student Outcomes (PDF) (Report). Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. p. 6.
  98. Robertson, Derek (16 June 2018). "Why the 'Classical Liberal' is Making a Comeback". POLITICO Magazine. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  99. Kovach, Steve (12 August 2017). "Silicon Valley's liberal bubble has burst, and the culture war has arrived". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017. classic British liberal Jordan B. Peterson
  100. Mance, Henry (1 June 2018). "Jordan Peterson: 'One thing I'm not is naive'". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  101. "Jordan Peterson is on a crusade to toughen up young men. It's landed him on our cultural divide". The Washington Post. 2 June 2018. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018.
  102. Swaim, Barton (30 April 2021). "The Man They Couldn't Cancel". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  103. Gonzalez, Christian Alejzandro (3 April 2018). "Jordan Peterson Claims He's No Conservative". Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  104. Young, Cathy (1 June 2018). "Op-Ed: Hate on Jordan Peterson all you want, but he's tapping into frustration that feminists shouldn't ignore". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  105. Robinson, Nathan (14 March 2018). "The Intellectual We Deserve". Current Affairs. Archived from the original on 1 September 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  106. Selley, Chris (3 June 2017). "Chris Selley: Jordan Peterson, hero of the anti-PC crowd, just keeps winning". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  107. Kaufman, Scott Barry (20 November 2016). "The Personality of Political Correctness". Scientific American. Archived from the original on 27 September 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  108. Burston, D. "Jordan Peterson and the Postmodern University". Psychoanalysis, Politics and the Postmodern University. Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan. Peterson and the Left.
  109. Burston, D. "Jordan Peterson and the Postmodern University". Psychoanalysis, Politics and the Postmodern University. Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan. Crisis in the Liberal Arts;The Goals of University Education.
  110. Haidt, Jonathan. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. Pantheon.
  111. Sugarman, J.; Martin, J. "Campus Culture Wars, Psychology and the Victimization of Persons". The Humanistic Psychologist. 46 (4): 326–332.
  112. Burston is similarly critical against identity politics,[109] citing Haidt,[110] and Sugarman and Martin[111]
  113. Bishai, Graham W. (11 April 2017). "Drawing Criticism, Jordan Peterson Lectures at 'Free Speech' Initiative". The Harvard Crimson. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  114. Off, Carol; Douglas, Jeff (11 November 2017). "U of T profs alarmed by Jordan Peterson's plan to target classes he calls 'indoctrination cults'". CBC. Archived from the original on 11 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  115. Levy, Sue-Ann (29 June 2017). "Jordan Peterson: Certain university disciplines 'corrupted'". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  116. Doherty, Brennan (14 November 2017). "Jordan Peterson says website plan on hold". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  117. Gould, Jens Erik; Mottishaw, Leah; Mottishaw, Shane (14 November 2017). "Jordan Peterson and the media: How one-sided reporting can limit critical thinking". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 1 October 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  118. Luscombe, Belinda (7 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson Talks Gun Control, Angry Men and Why So Few Women Lead Companies". Time. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  119. Artuso, Antonella (23 May 2017). "Prof. Jordan Peterson responds to CBC cultural appropriation fallout". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  120. Berlatsky, Noah (12 June 2018). "How Anti-Leftism Has Made Jordan Peterson a Mark for Fascist Propaganda". Pacific Standard. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  121. Beauchamp, Zack (21 May 2018). "Jordan Peterson, the obscure Canadian psychologist turned right-wing celebrity, explained". Vox. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  122. Robertson, Derek (8 April 2018). "The Canadian Psychologist Beating American Pundits at Their Own Game". Politico. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  123. Burston, Daniel (2020). "Jordan Peterson and the Postmodern University". Psychoanalysis, Politics and the Postmodern University. Critical Political Theory and Radical Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing. pp. 129–156. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-34921-9_7. ISBN 978-3-030-34921-9 via Springer Link.
  124. Weiss, Bari. "Meet the Renegades of the Intellectual Dark Web". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020. The closest thing to a phone book for the I.D.W. is a sleek website that lists the dramatis personae of the network, including Mr. Harris; Mr. Weinstein and his brother and sister-in-law, the evolutionary biologists Bret Weinstein and Heather Heying; Jordan Peterson.
  125. Farrell, Henry. 2018. "The 'Intellectual Dark Web,' explained: What Jordan Peterson and Ben Shapiro have in common with the alt-right Archived 13 January 2020 at the Wayback Machine." Vox. Retrieved 27 November 2018: "The thinkers profiled included the neuroscientist and prominent atheist writer Sam Harris, the podcaster Dave Rubin, and University of Toronto psychologist and Chaos Dragon maven Jordan Peterson."
  126. Murray, Douglas. 2018. "Spectator Life: Inside the intellectual dark web Archived 27 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine." The Spectator. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  127. Dickinson, Kevin. 2018. "Intellectual Dark Web: New movement or just a rebranding of old ideas? Archived 9 May 2019 at the Wayback Machine." Big Think. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  128. Sommer, Will. 2018. "Intellectual Dark Web Frays After Jordan Peterson Tweets Critically About Brett Kavanaugh Archived 7 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine." The Daily Beast. Retrieved 27 November 2018
  129. DiManno, Rosie (19 November 2016). "New words trigger an abstract clash on campus". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  130. "Bill C-16 (2016), clause 2" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 February 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  131. Craig, Sean (28 September 2016). "U of T professor attacks political correctness, says he refuses to use genderless pronouns". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  132. Chiose, Simona (19 November 2016). "University of Toronto professor defends right to use gender-specific pronouns". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 3 November 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  133. Morabito, Stella (17 October 2016). "Professor Ignites Protests by Refusing to Use Transgender Pronouns". The Federalist. Archived from the original on 3 September 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  134. Murphy, Jessica (4 November 2016). "Toronto professor Jordan Peterson takes on gender-neutral pronouns". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  135. Platt, Brian (16 May 2018). "What the Wilfrid Laurier professors got wrong about Bill C-16 and gender identity discrimination". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  136. Beauchamp, Zack (26 March 2018). "Jordan Peterson, the obscure Canadian psychologist turned right-wing celebrity, explained". Vox. Archived from the original on 14 April 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  137. Dragicevic, Nina. "Canada's gender identity rights Bill C-16 explained". CBC. Retrieved 2 January 2020. It could happen," Brown says. "Is it likely to happen? I don't think so. But, my opinion on whether or not that's likely has a lot to do with the particular case that you're looking at." "The path to prison is not straightforward. It's not easy. But, it's there. It's been used before in breach of tribunal orders.
  138. Cumming, Lisa (19 December 2016). "Are Jordan Peterson's Claims About Bill C-16 Correct?". Torontoist. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  139. Denton, Jack O. (12 October 2016). "Free speech rally devolves into conflict, outbursts of violence". The Varsity. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  140. Kivanc, Jake (29 September 2016). "A Canadian University Professor Is Under Fire For Rant on Political Correctness". Vice. Archived from the original on 22 November 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  141. Peterson, Jordan B. (21 November 2016). "The right to be politically incorrect". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  142. Yang, Wesley; Stangel, Jake (May 2018). "The Passion of Jordan Peterson". Esquire. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  143. Burke, Brendan (14 February 2017). "Conservative leadership candidate Maxime Bernier reverses support for transgender rights bill". CBC News. Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  144. Chiose, Simona (17 May 2017). "U of T professor opposes transgender bill at Senate committee hearing". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  145. "Jordan Peterson's federal funding denied, Rebel News picks up the tab". The Varsity. 1 May 2017. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  146. Savva, Sophia (1 May 2017). "Jordan Peterson's federal funding denied, Rebel News picks up the tab". The Varsity. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  147. Artuso, Antonella (12 May 2017). "Supporters fund U of T professor Jordan Peterson's research". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  148. Blatchford, Christie (10 November 2017). "Christie Blatchford: Thought police strike again as Wilfrid Laurier grad student is chastised for showing Jordan Peterson video". National Post. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  149. D'Amato, Luisa (14 November 2017). "WLU censures grad student for lesson that used TVO clip". Waterloo Region Record. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  150. McQuigge, Michelle (17 November 2017). "Wilfrid Laurier University TA claims censure over video clip on gender pronouns". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  151. Platt, Brian (20 November 2017). "What the Wilfrid Laurier professors got wrong about Bill C-16 and gender identity discrimination". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  152. "Full Text: Apology from Wilfrid Laurier officials over handling of free speech controversy". Global News. 21 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  153. "Breaking: President of Laurier issues apology regarding Lindsey Shepherd". The Cord. 21 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  154. Platt, Brian (21 November 2017). "Wilfrid Laurier University's president apologizes to Lindsay Shepherd for dressing-down over Jordan Peterson clip". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  155. "Globe editorial: Why are we killing critical thinking on campus?". The Globe and Mail. 16 November 2017. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  156. "Editorial: Wilfrid Laurier University insults our liberty". Toronto Sun. Postmedia Network. 15 November 2017. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  157. "NP View: Laurier's apology and a petition won't fix the cancer on campus". National Post. 24 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  158. Wente, Margaret (14 November 2017). "What's so scary about free speech on campus?". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  159. Bonokoski, Mark (15 November 2017). "Bonokoski: Odious censuring of grad student worsened by Hitler reference". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  160. Haskell, David Millard (15 November 2017). "Suppressing TVO video, stifling free speech, is making Wilfrid Laurier unsafe". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  161. Murphy, Rex (17 November 2017). "Rex Murphy: University bullies student who dares to play Peterson clip from The Agenda". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  162. "Jordan Peterson sues Wilfrid Laurier University for defamation". Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  163. "Laurier University asks court to dismiss Jordan Peterson lawsuit". Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  164. "Opinion: Men are experiencing a crisis of masculinity. The solution? More feminism". NBC News. Archived from the original on 8 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  165. "Jordan Peterson, who says men are 'under assault,' is coming to Portland next month". OregonLive.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  166. "Jordan Peterson on the 'backlash against masculinity'". BBC News. 6 August 2018. Archived from the original on 7 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  167. Sanneh, Kelefa. "Jordan Peterson's Gospel of Masculinity". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  168. Heller, Karen (2 May 2018). "Jordan Peterson is on a crusade to toughen up young men. It's landed him on our cultural divide". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  169. Iqbal, Nosheen (19 March 2018). "Cathy Newman: 'The internet is being written by men with an agenda'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  170. Newman, Cathy (21 January 2018). "Jordan Peterson debate on the gender pay gap, campus protests and postmodernism". Channel 4 News. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  171. Gillespie, James (21 January 2018). "Channel 4's Cathy Newman trolled over gender pay gap". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 17 December 2018. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  172. "Jordan Peterson, Custodian of the Patriarchy".
  173. "Jordan Peterson & Fascist Mysticism".
  174. "Jordan Peterson on Orthodox Christianity: Christ is the Logos". Helleniscope. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  175. Sparks, Jacob (10 July 2020). "Jordan Peterson: A Theological Perspective". Engage Orthodoxy. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  176. Mattingly, Terry (17 November 2018). "Jordan Peterson's secular approach to the soul". Arkansas Democrat Gazette. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  177. "Am I Christian? – Timothy Lott and Jordan B Peterson". Jordan B Peterson clips. YouTube. 1 August 2017. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017. Interviewer: Quick question, are you a Christian? Peterson: I suppose the most straight-forward answer to that is yes, although I think it's ... it's ... let's leave it at 'yes'.
  178. Burston, D. 2020. Psychoanalysis, Politics and the Postmodern University, Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 152-153.
  179. "'Return Home', Jordan B Peterson Official Channel (7:38)". YouTube. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  180. Heller, Karen (2 May 2018). "Jordan Peterson is on a crusade to toughen up young men. It's landed him on our cultural divide". The Washington Post. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  181. Brooks, David (26 January 2018). "The Jordan Peterson Moment". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  182. Hamblin, Story by James. "The Jordan Peterson All-Meat Diet" via The Atlantic.
  183. "Jordan Peterson Says Meat Cured His Depression. Now His Daughter Is Charging People To Chat About The "Carnivore Diet."". BuzzFeed News.
  184. Jago, Robert (22 March 2018). "The Story Behind Jordan Peterson's Indigenous Identity". The Walrus. Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  185. Dunham, Jackie (2 July 2020). "Jordan Peterson says 'I'm back to my regular self' after drug dependency". CTVNews.ca. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  186. Hamblin, James (28 August 2018). "The Jordan Peterson All-meat Diet". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 9 November 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  187. Gatehouse, Jonathon (7 February 2020). "Jordan Peterson seeks 'emergency' drug detox treatment in Russia". CBC News. Archived from the original on 4 July 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  188. "Jordan Peterson is in rehab for Klonopin addiction". The Daily Dot. 20 September 2019. Archived from the original on 24 September 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  189. Lucas, Suzanne (23 September 2019). "Jordan Peterson Is in Rehab. Why HR and Managers Should Take Note". Inc.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  190. Why was Jordan Peterson placed in a medically induced coma? What we know about benzodiazepines and treatment Published 11 February 2020 by the National Post
  191. "Jordan Peterson enters rehab after wife's cancer diagnosis". New York Post. 20 September 2019. Archived from the original on 22 September 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  192. Peterson, Mikhaila (7 February 2020). "'The doctors here have the guts to medically detox someone': Mikhaila Peterson on her father's condition". National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc.
  193. Aitkenhead, Decca (30 January 2021). "Jordan Peterson on his depression, drug dependency and Russian rehab hell". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  194. Dawson, Tyler (7 August 2020). "'Things are not good right now': Jordan Peterson battling COVID-19, U.K. paper reports". National Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  195. "'The Rise of Jordan Peterson'—A Review". 14 October 2019. Archived from the original on 8 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  196. "No Safe Spaces exposes the madness of groupthink". Washington Examiner. 4 November 2019. Archived from the original on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.