John Cornyn III (// CORN-in; born February 2, 1952) is an American politician and attorney serving as the senior United States Senator for Texas, a seat he has held since 2002. He was the Republican Senate Majority Whip for the 114th and 115th Congresses. Cornyn also previously served as Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee from 2007 to 2011.
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
December 2, 2002
Serving with Ted Cruz
|Preceded by||Phil Gramm|
|Chair of the Senate Narcotics Caucus|
January 3, 2019 – January 20, 2021
|Preceded by||Chuck Grassley|
|Succeeded by||Dianne Feinstein|
|Senate Majority Whip|
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Dick Durbin|
|Succeeded by||John Thune|
|Senate Minority Whip|
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Jon Kyl|
|Succeeded by||Dick Durbin|
|49th Attorney General of Texas|
January 13, 1999 – December 1, 2002
|Governor||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Dan Morales|
|Succeeded by||Greg Abbott|
|Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court|
January 2, 1991 – October 18, 1997
|Preceded by||Franklin Spears|
|Succeeded by||Deborah Hankinson|
|Judge of the Texas 37th Judicial District Court|
January 1, 1985 – January 1, 1991
|Preceded by||Richard Woods|
|Succeeded by||Ann-Marie Aaron|
John Cornyn III
February 2, 1952
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Trinity University (BA)|
St. Mary's University, Texas (JD)
University of Virginia (LLM)
Born in Houston, Cornyn is a graduate of Trinity University and St. Mary's University School of Law, and received an LL.M. degree from the University of Virginia School of Law. He was a judge on Texas's 37th District Court from 1985 to 1991. He was elected an associate justice of the Texas Supreme Court, where he served from 1991 to 1997. In 1998, Cornyn was elected Attorney General of Texas, serving one term until winning a seat in the U.S. Senate in 2002. He was reelected in 2008, 2014, and 2020.
Early life, education and legal career
Cornyn was born in Houston, the son of Atholene Gale Cornyn (née Danley) and John Cornyn II, a colonel in the U.S. Air Force. He attended the American School in Japan after his family moved to Tokyo in 1968, and graduated from it in 1969. In 1973, he graduated from Trinity University, where he majored in journalism and was a member of Chi Delta Tau. Cornyn earned a Juris Doctor from St. Mary's University School of Law in 1977 and an LL.M. from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1995. He was named the St. Mary's Distinguished Law School Graduate in 1994 and a Trinity University Distinguished Alumnus in 2001.
In 1988, Cornyn attended a two-week seminar at Oxford University jointly hosted by the National Judicial College at the University of Nevada, Reno and Florida State University Law School. The seminar, held on the Oxford campus, was not academically affiliated with the university.
Cornyn served as a district judge in San Antonio for six years before being elected as a Republican in 1990 to the Texas Supreme Court, on which he served for seven years.
Texas attorney general
In 1998, Cornyn ran for Texas attorney general. In the March Republican primary, Railroad Commissioner Barry Williamson received 38% of the vote and Cornyn, a former Texas Supreme Court justice, 32%. In the April runoff election, Cornyn defeated Williamson, 58% to 42%. Cornyn won the general election with 54% of the vote; he defeated Jim Mattox, a former Texas attorney general (1983–1991) and U.S. Representative. Cornyn was the first Republican-elected attorney general of Texas since Reconstruction, and was sworn in by Governor George W. Bush.
Cornyn was criticized by civil rights groups for failing to investigate in a timely manner the false drug convictions of numerous African Americans in Tulia, Texas. On September 6, 2002, The Austin Chronicle reported that Cornyn had announced that his office would investigate the 1999 drug bust, where the testimony of one narcotics agent led to the arrests of 46 people, 43 of whom were Black.
United States Senate
In the 2002 Republican primary, Cornyn faced five opponents. Cornyn defeated his closest Republican challenger, self-financed Dallas-based international physician Bruce Rusty Lang, in the election by a ten-to-one margin. In the general election, Cornyn defeated Democratic nominee Ron Kirk in a campaign that cost each candidate over $9 million.
Texas has not elected a Democrat in a statewide election since 1994, and according to Rasmussen Reports polling, Cornyn had an approval rating of 50% in October 2008. Christian activist Larry Kilgore of Mansfield challenged Cornyn in the Republican primary, but Cornyn easily defeated him. Texas Representative Rick Noriega won the March 4 Democratic primary against Gene Kelly, Ray McMurrey, and Rhett Smith. Yvonne Adams Schick was the Libertarian Party's nominee, and the Green Party of Texas sought ballot access for its candidate, David B. Collins. The same Rasmussen poll showed Cornyn leading Noriega 47% to 43%, suggesting that the race might prove unexpectedly competitive, but most polls showed a much wider margin, and Cornyn was reelected.
Cornyn was reelected in 2014, and according to the Dallas Morning News, "never broke a sweat". He won the March Republican primary with 59% of the vote against Houston-area congressman Steve Stockman. In the general election, he raised $14 million, outspending Democratic nominee David Alameel by nearly 3-1. Cornyn won again by over 20 points.
Cornyn was reelected to a fourth term in 2020 in the closest of his Senate campaigns. He won the primary with 76% of the vote and then defeated Democrat MJ Hegar in a race that Cook Political rated "Lean Republican". Cornyn received more votes, 5,962,983, than any Republican Senate candidate had ever received before, breaking the record set by Pete Wilson of California in 1988. Hegar also set a record, getting more votes than any losing Democrat since Leo T. McCarthy in the 1988 California Senate race.
In 2004, Cornyn co-founded and became the co-chairman of the U.S. Senate India Caucus. In December 2006, he was selected by his colleagues to join the five-person Republican Senate leadership team as Vice Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference.
In 2005, Cornyn gained notice by connecting the Supreme Court's reluctance to hear arguments for sustaining Terri Schiavo's life with the recent murders of Judge Joan Lefkow's husband and mother as well as the courtroom murder of Judge Rowland Barnes. Cornyn said: "I don't know if there is a cause-and-effect connection, but we have seen some recent episodes of courthouse violence in this country. I wonder whether there may be some connection between the perception in some quarters on some occasions where judges are making political decisions yet are unaccountable to the public, that it builds up and builds up and building up to the point where some people engage in violence." His statement and a similar one by House Majority Leader Tom DeLay were widely denounced, including by The New York Times. Cornyn later said that the statement was taken out of context and for that reason he regretted the statement.
On May 18, 2007, Cornyn was involved in an altercation with the late Senator John McCain. During a meeting on immigration, McCain and Cornyn had a shouting match when Cornyn started questioning the number of judicial appeals that illegal immigrants could receive. McCain yelled an insult at Cornyn and said "I know more about this than anyone else in the room." Previously, Cornyn told McCain, "Wait a second here. I've been sitting in here for all of these negotiations and you just parachute in here on the last day. You're out of line."
As chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, Cornyn was a strong supporter of Norm Coleman's various court challenges to the 2008 election certification of the Minnesota U.S. Senate race. Cornyn advocated for Coleman to bring the case before the federal court, and said the trial and appeals could take years to complete. Cornyn threatened that Republicans would wage a "World War III" if Senate Democrats had attempted to seat Democratic candidate Al Franken before the appeals were complete. Coleman conceded after the Minnesota Supreme Court unanimously ruled that Franken had won the election.
Cornyn voted to confirm Samuel Alito as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and John Roberts for Chief Justice of the United States. In September 2005, during Roberts's Supreme Court hearings, Cornyn's staff passed out bingo cards to reporters. He asked them to stamp their card every time a Democrat on the Judiciary Committee used terms such as "far right" or "extremist". On July 24, 2009, Cornyn announced his intention to vote against President Obama's Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor, saying that she might rule "from a liberal, activist perspective".
On the day of Obama's inauguration, it was reported that Cornyn would prevent Hillary Clinton from being confirmed as secretary of state by unanimous floor vote that day. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid's spokesman reported to the Associated Press that a roll call vote for the Clinton confirmation would be held instead on the following day, January 21, 2009, and that it was expected Clinton would "receive overwhelming bipartisan support". The vote was 94–2 in her favor, with only Senators Jim DeMint (R-SC) and David Vitter (R-LA) voting in opposition.
On March 18, 2020, Cornyn blamed the COVID-19 pandemic on cultural practices in China and mistakenly blamed China for the MERS and swine flu epidemics. His comments were criticized by some Democrats and the National Council of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. At the time, the consensus among researchers was that coronavirus had originated at a wet market in Wuhan, China.
Senate Majority Whip
On November 14, 2012, Cornyn was elected Senate Minority Whip by his peers.
Cornyn was named Senate Majority Whip after the 2014 election, in which Republicans gained a Senate majority.
After the death of Associate Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia in February 2016, Cornyn said that anyone Obama nominated to replace him would have a difficult confirmation process and feel like a piñata. He also said that no serious candidate would accept a nomination knowing that they would not be confirmed. When Obama nominated Merrick Garland to replace Scalia, Cornyn said that even if the president has the constitutional authority to nominate someone, the Senate has full authority on how to proceed. Cornyn also said that the voice of the people should play a role, and that the "only way to empower the American people" was having the vacancy be filled by the winner of the upcoming presidential election, so no hearings on Garland should be held. The Senate did not vote on Garland's nomination, which expired after the November election of President Donald Trump. Trump nominated Neil Gorsuch to the seat, and Gorsuch was confirmed. In September 2020, Cornyn supported a vote on Trump's nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy caused by the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. In March 2016, he took the position that the Senate should not consider Obama's Supreme Court nominee.
On June 8, 2017, during a committee hearing whose announced topic was the Russian interference in the 2016 election and Comey's dismissal as FBI director, Cornyn opted instead to spend his time questioning James Comey on Hillary Clinton's email controversy.
In September 2018, during the Supreme Court nomination hearings for Brett Kavanaugh, Cornyn accused the Democrats on the Judiciary Committee of devolving into mob rule by breaking the rules of decorum when asking for postponement or adjournment of the hearing to obtain or review documents from Kavanaugh's time working for the George W. Bush administration. Cornyn said that it was hard to believe the Democrats' claim that they could not properly assess Kavanaugh without the documents because it seemed that their minds were already made up.
- United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
- Committee on Finance
- Subcommittee on Health Care
- Subcommittee on Taxation, IRS Oversight, and Long-Term Growth
- Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure
- Committee on the Judiciary
- Subcommittee on Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights
- Subcommittee on the Constitution
- Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees and Border Security (chairman)
- Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Homeland Security
Political scientists John Sides and Daniel J. Hopkins characterized Cornyn as "very conservative" in 2015. In 2013, National Journal ranked Cornyn the 14th-most conservative United States Senator. The Dallas Morning News considered him a reliable ally of President George W. Bush on most issues.
In 2007, Cornyn voted against expanding federal funding for stem cell research that utilized human embryonic stem cells. Cornyn instead pushed for "several alternatives that would use adult and cord blood stem cells for research [as those] methods have proven to be more productive, and they do not harm or destroy human embryos." As an alternative, Cornyn supported the "Alternative Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapies Enhancement Act to aid research into techniques of deriving pluripotent stem cells without harming or destroying human embryos".
Civil rights and law enforcement
In the 2004 debate surrounding the Federal Marriage Amendment, Cornyn released an advance copy of a speech he was to give at The Heritage Foundation. In the speech, he wrote, "It does not affect your daily life very much if your neighbor marries a box turtle. But that does not mean it is right ... Now you must raise your children up in a world where that union of man and box turtle is on the same legal footing as man and wife." According to his office, he removed the reference to the box turtle in the actual speech, but The Washington Post ran the quote, as did The Daily Show.
Cornyn sponsored a bill to allow law enforcement to force anyone arrested or detained by federal authorities to provide samples of their DNA, which would be recorded in a central database. He voted to recommend a constitutional ban on flag desecration and for a constitutional amendment defining marriage as between one man and one woman. He also voted for the reauthorization of the PATRIOT Act and extending its wiretap provision.
In a February 24, 2019 tweet, Cornyn mocked dictatorship, centralized power and democratic socialism by quoting Italian fascist leader Benito Mussolini as saying "We were the first to assert that the more complicated the forms assumed by civilization, the more restricted the freedom of the individual must become."
Cornyn has been described as an "immutable Trump ally". He frequently praised Trump during most of his presidential term. But in the weeks before his reelection campaign, amid a tightening race with Democratic nominee MJ Hegar, Cornyn began to distance himself from Trump. He said that he praised Trump in public but expressed disagreement with him in private.
Cornyn repeatedly defended Trump's decision to siphon resources from the Pentagon in order to build a wall on the Mexico border. In March and September 2019, he voted to ratify the maneuver, opposing congressional attempts to block Trump's action. But in late October 2020, as Cornyn was trying to distance himself from Trump, he claimed that he had never supported Trump's maneuver and that he opposed it.
Cornyn warned Trump about anticipated negative effects of restructuring tariffs on Mexican exports, saying, "We're holding a gun to our own heads by doing this." In January 2018, he was one of 36 Republican senators to sign a letter to Trump requesting that he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the 21st-century economy. Cornyn urged Trump to restart trade talks on the Trans Pacific Partnership, which Trump called "a disaster".
In June 2020, amid reports that Russia had paid the Taliban bounties to kill American soldiers and that Trump had been briefed on the subject months earlier, Cornyn defended an assertion by Trump that he had never been briefed on the subject. Cornyn said, "I think the president can't single-handedly remember everything, I'm sure, that he's briefed on."
In response to reports that Trump would not be attending Joe Biden's inauguration, Cornyn stated to Senator Ted Cruz and other lawmakers "see you there," implying that he planned to attend, which he did.
Foreign policy and national security
In December 2010, Cornyn was one of 26 senators to vote against the ratification of New Start, a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russia obliging both countries to have no more than 1,550 strategic warheads and 700 launchers deployed during the next seven years and providing a continuation of on-site inspections that halted when START I expired the previous year. It was the first arms treaty with Russia in eight years.
In April 2018, Cornyn was one of eight Republican senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of the Treasury Steve Mnuchin and acting Secretary of State John Sullivan expressing "deep concern" over a United Nations report exposing "North Korean sanctions evasion involving Russia and China" and asserting that the findings "demonstrate an elaborate and alarming military-venture between rogue, tyrannical states to avoid United States and international sanctions and inflict terror and death upon thousands of innocent people" while calling it "imperative that the United States provides a swift and appropriate response to the continued use of chemical weapons used by President Assad and his forces, and works to address the shortcomings in sanctions enforcement".
Cornyn supported U.S. involvement in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. In December 2018 he said that the U.S. should stand with Saudi Arabia despite the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi, saying: "Saudi Arabia is fighting a proxy war against Iran in Yemen, and an overreaction, in my view, would mean that we cancel arms sales and simply abandon our ally."
In a Washington Post opinion editorial, Cornyn said that widespread adoption of Huawei technology could increase vulnerability to cyberattacks and endanger NATO troops engaged on 5G-equipped battlefields.
As Majority Whip, Cornyn filed a resolution welcoming Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who was to address a joint meeting of Congress in March 2015, a resolution co-sponsored only by Republicans. Vice President Joe Biden and numerous Senate and House Democrats said they would not attend the address. Cornyn supported the Senate resolution, expressing objection to the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which called Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories a flagrant violation of international law.
In August 2018, Cornyn urged the Trump administration to impose sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Act against Chinese officials responsible for human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in western China's Xinjiang region.
Cornyn voted to permanently repeal the estate tax and raise the estate tax exemption to $5 million. He voted in favor of $350 billion in tax cuts over 11 years and supported making the George W. Bush tax cuts permanent. He opposed extending the 2011 payroll tax holiday. He voted for the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 but against the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in 2009.
Cornyn voted against a measure recognizing that climate change is manmade. He was one of 22 senators to sign a letter to Trump urging him to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. In May 2019, Cornyn said it was important that the United States take measures to combat climate change, but condemned the Green New Deal as proposed by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. In April 2020, he incorrectly stated that climate scientists' models of the effects of climate change do not use the "scientific method".
In 2005, Cornyn voted against including oil and gas smokestacks in mercury regulations. He voted against factoring global warming into federal project planning, and against banning drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. He also voted against removing oil and gas exploration subsidies. During his tenure in the Senate, Cornyn has scored 0% on the League of Conservation Voters' environmental scorecard, a system of ranking politicians according to their voting record on environmental legislation.
Cornyn opposes the Affordable Care Act. He voted against it in 2009, and played a leading role in the attempts to repeal the Affordable Care Act in 2017. He voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. Cornyn said that Senator Ted Cruz's 2013 efforts to defund the Affordable Care Act by threatening to default on the U.S. government's debt obligations were "unachievable", adding, "the shutdown did not help our cause. What did help our cause was the president's implementation of the Affordable Care Act, which has overwhelmed everything else. I don't hear anyone thinking that another government shutdown is the way to achieve our goals." Cornyn joined other Republican leaders to block Cruz's procedural move to reject an increase in the debt ceiling.
In January 2014, Cornyn introduced the "Constitutional Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act". The bill would provide interstate reciprocity for persons with concealed weapons permits. Cornyn described the bill as "It's like a driver's license. It doesn't trump state laws. Say you have a carry permit in Texas; then you use it in another state that has a concealed-carry law." He was rated "A" by the National Rifle Association (NRA) as of 2003 and 2014; as of 2018 his NRA rating was "A+". Cornyn has continued to support Concealed Carry Reciprocity as of 2018, with the Republican-held House of Representatives passing a bill in late 2017 with this language attached to gun control measures from the Senate's Fix NICS bill.
While serving on the Texas Supreme Court in the 1990s, Cornyn ruled with the majority to overturn a lower court ruling, State v. Morales, that had found Texas's anti-sodomy laws to be unconstitutional. During oral arguments, he questioned the merits of the case, asking how gay individuals were harmed by the anti-sodomy laws if those laws were not enforced. According to Yale Law School professor William Eskridge, Cornyn "engineered the Morales majority" that saved the sodomy law. When running for the Senate in 2002, Cornyn defended the law. In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Texas's sodomy law in Lawrence v. Texas.
After Lawrence v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court decision finding anti-sodomy unconstitutional, Cornyn condemned the "startling display of judicial activism that so threatens our fundamental institutions and our values". He said he worried that the Supreme Court would next overturn the Defense of Marriage Act, which prohibited recognition of same-sex marriage at the federal level, and subsequently played a leading role in trying to introduce a constitutional amendment to prohibit same-sex marriage. Cornyn argued that recognition of same-sex marriage harmed those who were in heterosexual marriages. He claimed that children raised by gay couples are "at higher risk of a host of social ills", such as crime, drug use and dropping out of school, arguing that same-sex would put "more and more children at risk through a radical social experiment". Cornyn opposed adoption of children by gay couples.
In 2012, when President Obama announced his support for same-sex marriage, Cornyn criticized Obama and accused him of trying to "divide the country". In 2021, when President Joe Biden reversed Trump's ban on transgender troops serving in the military, Cornyn accused Biden of dividing the country.
Removal of Confederate statues
Cornyn opposes the removal of statues relating to the Confederate States of America, which have been accused of misrepresenting and romanticizing the Confederacy. He has said, "I don't think we can go back and erase our history by removing statues."
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||1,470,669||76.04%|
|Republican||John Anthony Castro||86,916||4.49%|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||5,962,983||53.51%|
|People Over Politics Party||Cedric Jefferson|
|Human Rights Party||James Brumley|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||781,259||59.43%|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||2,843,995||61.60%|
|Green||Emily Marie Sanchez||54,075||1.17%|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||997,216||81.48%|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||4,337,469||54.8%|
|Libertarian||Yvonne Adams Schick||185,241||2.3%|
|Republican||Bruce Rusty Lang||46,907||8%|
|Republican||John Cornyn (incumbent)||2,686,518||52%|
- John Wagner; Mike DeBonis (November 14, 2018). "Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Cornyn Elected To NRSC Chairmanship" (Press release). National Republican Senatorial Committee. November 18, 2008. Archived from the original on November 20, 2008.
- "New Judges" (PDF). In Chambers. Vol. 11 no. 3. December 1984. p. 16.
- In Chambers (PDF). Vol. 19 no. 1. January 1992 http://www.yourhonor.com/web/images/pdfs/IC/1990s/January1992.pdf. Missing or empty
- "Rootsweb Senatorial Genealogies". Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "Prominent Alumni". asij.ac.jp. American School in Japan. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012.
- "U.S. Senator to Address Trinity University Undergraduates". trinity.edu (press release). Trinity University. April 22, 2004. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Chi Delta Tau – Alumni Association Foundation". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "U.S. Senator John Cornyn to Speak at Opening of Center for Terrorism Law as St. Mary's University School of Law". stmarytx.edu. St. Mary's University. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "Alumni in the News, 2002". law.virginia.edu. University of Virginia School of Law. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "About John Cornyn: Biography". cornyn.senate.gov. Office of Senator John Cornyn. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Texas GOP senator didn't "graduate" from Oxford University law program, as claimed in prior campaign". Salon. October 31, 2020. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
- "TX Attorney General – R Primary". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- "TX Attorney General – R Runoff". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- "TX Attorney General". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- "Online NewsHour: The Texas Senate Race – John Cornyn Biography". Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- Apple, Lauri (September 6, 2002). "Tulia, Too Late". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "Possible Nominees to the Supreme Court". The Washington Post. July 1, 2005. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Texas Senate 2002 Race". opensecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Election 2008: Texas Senate". Rasmussen Reports. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- "Noriega avoids runoff in Senate bid; Cornyn wins easily". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- "2008 candidates". tx.lp.org. Libertarian Party of Texas. Archived from the original on January 13, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- "2008 Candidate Campaigns for TX". txgreens.org. Green Party of Texas. Archived from the original on February 3, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- Gilman, Todd J. Texas's John Cornyn rises in power in GOP-led Senate, The Dallas Morning News, November 4, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
- "India Caucus formed in US Senate". Archived from the original on February 10, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "About the SRC". src.senate.gov. Senate Republican Conference. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- Toobin, Jeffrey. The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court, p. 248. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-51640-2
- "The Judges Made Them Do It". The New York Times. April 6, 2005. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "Judge, her family slain, urges home security for jurists". CNN. May 19, 2005. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Kane, Paul (May 18, 2007). "McCain, Cornyn Engage in Heated Exchange". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Raju, Manu (March 17, 2009). "GOP eyes Bush v. Gore for Coleman". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Hasen, Richard (March 18, 2009). "Franken's Monster Will Bush v. Gore bite Democrats in Coleman v. Franken?". Slate. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Raju, Manu (March 30, 2009). "In Minnesota, it's still November". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- "John Cornyn on the Issues". On the Issues. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- Milbank, Dana (September 16, 2005). "Final Day of Nomination Hearings: Yawn". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Elpasotimes.com". El Paso Times.com.
- "AP FACT CHECK: Trump and his oh-so-familiar falsehoods | Xfinity". my.xfinity.com.
- CNN broadcast, The Situation Room, January 21, 2009
- Choi, David (March 19, 2020). "'China is to blame because the culture': Republican senator mistakenly blames China for MERS and swine flu epidemics". Business Insider. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Tilove, Jonathan (March 18, 2020). "Cornyn draws rebuke from Democrats over comments about China, coronavirus origins". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- Samuels, Alex (March 19, 2020). "U.S. Sen. John Cornyn draws rebuke for blaming coronavirus on China". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- Rocha, Alana (November 14, 2012). "Cornyn Elected Senate Minority Whip". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Senate GOP leaders look outside as they run for re-election". CNN. July 11, 2013. Archived from the original on July 15, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- Barrett, Ted (March 7, 2016). "Supreme Court nominee would be a 'piñata,' Cornyn says". CNN. Washington: Cable News Network. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
- Leslie, Katie (March 16, 2016). "Cornyn stands ground, vows fight on Supreme Court nominee". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- Desjardins, Lisa (September 22, 2020). "What every Republican senator has said about filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
- Livingston, Abby; Svitek, Patrick (June 8, 2017). "Fired FBI director faces panel of Senators including Cornyn". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- Rowland, Geoffrey (September 4, 2014). "Cornyn: Kavanaugh hearing dissolving into 'mob rule'". The Hill. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- Hopkins, Daniel J; Sides, John (2015). Political polarization in American politics. Bloomsbury. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-5013-0627-3. OCLC 909308749.
- "The 15 Most Conservative Senators". National Journal.
- "Bush rallies immigration bill's GOP foes", The Dallas Morning News June 13, 2006 Archived February 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- RATCLIFFE, R. G. (June 16, 2007). "Abortion in spotlight in race to replace Cornyn". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "Abortion bill: House passes ban including incest, rape". al. April 30, 2019. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "John Cornyn On Abortion". OnTheIssuee.org. October 22, 2020. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- "S 5 – Stem Cell Research Act of 2007 – National Key Vote". Vote Smart. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- Cornyn, John (March 9, 2009). "Sen. Cornyn Calls President's Decision On Human Stem Cells "Ill-Timed And Wrong Direction"". Senator John Cornyn. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- "S.2754 – Alternative Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapies Enhancement Act". Congress.gov (Proposed Senate Bill). July 18, 2006. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- "Corrections". The Washington Post. July 13, 2004. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
The June [sic] 12 Politics column quoted Sen. John Cornyn (R-Tex.) discussing gay marriage in a recent speech to the Heritage Foundation. The written text released by Cornyn's office contained the quote, but his office says the senator did not include it in his delivered remarks.
- Romano, Lois (July 12, 2004). "In Oklahoma, GOP Race Not a Given". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "The Boys in the Ban". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. July 14, 2004. Event occurs at 4:33. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- Kim, Jonathan (September 23, 2005). "Bill Would Permit DNA Collection From All Those Arrested". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Gilthorpe, Darla (February 25, 2019). "Republican Texas senator John Cornyn quotes Mussolini on Twitter". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
- "John Cornyn Bets Big on Trump". The Texas Observer. February 20, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Pengelly, Martin (October 19, 2020). "Republican senator tries to distance himself from Trump: 'He is who he is'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Zhou, Li (October 18, 2020). "John Cornyn becomes the latest Senate Republican to ramp up criticism of Trump". Vox. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- "Cornyn says he broke with Trump on deficit, border wall, but kept opposition private". Forth Worth Star-Telegram. 2020.
- "Cornyn defended Trump for siphoning Pentagon budget to pay for border wall, but now claims he was against it". Dallas News. October 18, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
- Edmondson, Catie; Haberman, Maggie (June 4, 2019). "Senate Republicans Warn White House Against Mexico Tariffs". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- Needham, Vicki (January 30, 2018). "Senate Republicans call on Trump to preserve NAFTA". The Hill. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Long, Heather (February 20, 2018). "25 GOP senators urge Trump to restart TPP trade talks, a deal he called a 'disaster'". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- Martinez, Luis (July 10, 2020). "Top Pentagon officials say Russian bounty program not corroborated". ABC News.
- Desiderio, Andrew; LeVine, Marianne. "Senate Republicans squeeze Trump over Russian bounties". Politico. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Williams, Jordan (January 15, 2021). "Cruz, Cornyn to attend Biden inauguration". The Hill. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
- Fine, Julie (January 20, 2021). "North Texas Lawmakers on Inauguration and New Administration". NBC-DFW. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- Stevenson, Peter; Blanco, Adrian; Santamariña, Daniela (May 28, 2021). "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post.
- Memmott, Markl (December 22, 2010). "Senate Ratifies START". NPR. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
- Baker, Peter (December 22, 2010). "Senate Passes Arms Control Treaty With Russia, 71-26". The New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Bash, Dana; Barrett, Ted (February 26, 2013). "Top Senate Republican doubts damage from defense cuts". CNN. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Mitchell, Ellen (April 13, 2018). "Key senators warn Trump of North Korea effort on Syria". The Hill. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Bowman, Michael (December 6, 2018). "Saudi Arabia's Critics Push for Swift US Senate Action". VOA News. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Karam, Joyce (March 21, 2018). "Senate blocks Yemen resolution aimed at restricting US military role". The National. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Cotton, Tom; Cornyn, John (April 1, 2019). "Keep the Chinese government away from 5G technology". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- Senator Cornyn on Israeli Prime Minister Visit, C-Span. February 12, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- Cortellessa, Eric (January 5, 2017). "Bipartisan group of senators call for repealing UN resolution on Israel". The Times of Israel. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Chairs Lead Bipartisan Letter Urging Administration to Sanction Chinese Officials Complicit in Xinjiang Abuses". cecc.gov. Congressional-Executive Commission on China. August 29, 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Bodeen, Christopher (August 30, 2018). "China rejects US lawmakers' sanctions call over Muslim camps". Associated Press. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Sullivan, Andy (November 7, 2011). "Top Republican opposes extending U.S. payroll tax cut". Reuters. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Selby, W. Gardner. "UPDATED: Cornyn backed Wall Street bailout and law hiking taxes for many, but he's opposed Obamacare and occasionally spurned increases in debt ceiling". Politifact. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- Natter, Ari (April 11, 2019). "GOP Tiptoes Toward Climate Plans as Ocasio-Cortez Turns Up Heat". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- McCarthy, Tom; Gambino, Lauren (June 1, 2017). "The Republicans who urged Trump to pull out of Paris deal are big oil darlings". The Guardian. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Osborne, James (May 15, 2019). "Cornyn takes on climate change, says 'days of ignoring' emissions are over". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- Waldman, Scott (April 15, 2020). "Climate Science Deniers Turn to Attacking Coronavirus Models". Scientific American. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "LCV_2006_Scorecard_final.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 1, 2006. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- "Roll Call Vote 111th Congress – 1st Session: On Passage of the Bill (H.R. 3590 as Amended)". senate.gov. United States Senate. August 12, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Livingston, Abby (2017). "Despite Texans' support, effort to repeal health care law narrowly defeated in U.S. Senate". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- Parlapiano, Alicia; Andrews, Wilson; Lee, Jasmine C.; Shorey, Rachel (July 28, 2017). "How Each Senator Voted on Obamacare Repeal Proposals". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Kim, Seung Min; Everett, Burgess (July 16, 2017). "Meet Obamacare repeal's top salesman". Politico. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- "Roll Call Vote 111th Congress – 2nd Session: On Passage of the Bill (H.R. 4872 As Amended)". senate.gov. United States Senate. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- Lavender, Paige (December 10, 2013). "John Cornyn: 'The Effort To Defund Obamacare Was Not Achievable'". HuffPost. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Raju, Manu; Everett, Burgess (February 12, 2014). "Behind the scenes of a dramatic debt vote". Politico. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Miller, Emily (January 15, 2014). "MILLER: Texas Shootout – John Cornyn and Steve Stockman Senate race is all about gun rights". The Washington Times. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- Smith, Sonia (February 22, 2018). "The NRA Spends a Lot of Money on the Texas Congressional Delegation". Texas Monthly. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- Connolly, Griffin; Connolly, Griffin (February 27, 2018). "House Concealed-Carry Reciprocity Measure Still Roadblock to Gun Legislation". Roll Call. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
- Pierceson, Jason (2005). Courts Liberalism And Rights: Gay Law And Politics In The United States and Canada. Temple University Press. pp. 81–82. ISBN 978-1-59213-400-7. JSTOR j.ctt14bs7t1.
- Eskridge, William N. (2008). Dishonorable Passions: Sodomy Laws in America, 1861-2003. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-4406-3110-8.
- Carpenter, Dale (2013). Flagrant conduct : the story of Lawrence v. Texas : how a bedroom arrest decriminalized gay Americans. W.W. Norton. pp. 189–190. ISBN 978-0-393-34512-4. OCLC 1021085990.
- "Senate Begins Work on Anti-Gay Amendment". www.glapn.org. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Curry, Tom (March 3, 2004). "Senators wrangle over marriage". MSNBC. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Reinert, Patty (April 25, 2004). "Pair proud they could get sodomy law thrown out". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Black, Joe (March 4, 2004). "GOP senators rush to ban gay nuptials". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (June 23, 2004). "Amendment's Backers Try Again on Same-Sex Marriages". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
Senator John Cornyn, a Texas Republican who is a chief backer of the amendment ...
- Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (July 15, 2004). "U.S. Senate Blocks Gay Union Ban". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
Sen. John Cornyn, a Texas Republican who was a lead sponsor of the measure ...
- Simon, Richard (2004). "Senate Says No to Marriage Amendment". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
Sen. John Cornyn (R-Texas), one of the amendment’s leading supporters.
- Curtius, Mary (March 24, 2004). "Senate panel debates a 'threat' to marriage". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Liu, Frederick; Macedo, Stephen (2005). "The Federal Marriage Amendment and the Strange Evolution of the Conservative Case against Gay Marriage". PS: Political Science & Politics. 38 (2): 211–215. doi:10.1017/S1049096505056313. ISSN 1049-0965. S2CID 154971901.
- Macedo, Stephen (2015). Just Married. Princeton University Press. p. 65. doi:10.23943/princeton/9780691166483.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-691-16648-3.
- Condon, Stephanie (May 13, 2012). "Cornyn: Obama trying to "divide the country" with same-sex marriage support". CBS News. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- Cooper, Helene; Shear, Michael D. (January 26, 2021). "Biden Ends Military's Transgender Ban, Part of Broad Discrimination Fight". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- "Texas senator's tweet about Biden reversing Trump's transgender military ban gets ratioed into oblivion". The Daily Dot. January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- Solomon, Dan (September 24, 2013). "John Cornyn's Quest To End 'Murderabilia'". Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Gould, Joe (January 10, 2013). "Sale of Hasan letter prompts proposed ban on 'murderabilia'". Military Times. Archived from the original on April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- "Sen. Cornyn seeks to ban 'murderabilia'". Fox 7 Austin. September 20, 2013. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
- Livingston, Abby (June 22, 2021). "Texas Sens. John Cornyn and Ted Cruz join fellow Republicans to block Democrats' federal elections overhaul". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- Scherer, Jasper (June 12, 2020). "Houston's Confederate statues to be removed, Turner announces". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "Live: Texas State Primary Election Results 2020". New York Times. June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- "2014 Republican Party Primary Election". Archived from the original on January 9, 2014.
- "Office of the Secretary of State 2014 General Election Election Night Returns". Texas Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "TX US Senate – R Primary". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Miller, Lorraine C. (July 10, 2009). "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 4, 2008" (PDF). Retrieved June 8, 2020.
- "TX US Senate – R Primary". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Maffucci, Samantha (October 5, 2018). "Who Is John Cornyn's Wife? New Details On Sandy Cornyn". Your Tango. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
- Goldmacher, Shane (June 17, 2013). "Sen. Cornyn Reveals Not One, Not Two, but Three Public Pensions Atop His Salary". National Journal. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: John Cornyn|
- Senator John Cornyn official U.S. Senate website
- John Cornyn for Senate
- John Cornyn at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Collected news and commentary at The Texas Tribune
- "Office of the Secretary of State". Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
| Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
| Attorney General of Texas
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Texas
2002, 2008, 2014, 2020
Kay Bailey Hutchison
| Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
| Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
| Senate Republican Whip
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Texas
Served alongside: Kay Hutchison, Ted Cruz
| Ranking Member of the Senate Ethics Committee
| Senate Minority Whip
| Senate Majority Whip
| Chair of the Senate Narcotics Caucus
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States senators by seniority