Ivana Marie Trump (née Zelníčková, Czech: [ˈzɛlɲiːtʃkovaː]; born February 20, 1949) is a Czech-American businesswoman, media personality, fashion designer, author, and former model. She lived in Canada in the 1970s before relocating to the United States where she married Donald Trump in 1977. She held key managerial positions in The Trump Organization as vice president of interior design, as CEO and president of Trump's Castle casino resort, and as manager of the Plaza Hotel.
Ivana Marie Zelníčková
February 20, 1949
|Alma mater||Charles University|
|Raising Trump, 2017|
|Television||Ivana Young Man, 2006|
(m. 1971; div. 1973)
(m. 1977; div. 1992)
(m. 1995; div. 1997)
(m. 2008; div. 2009)
|Partner(s)||Roffredo Gaetani (1997–2005; his death)|
Ivana's divorce from Donald Trump, finalized in 1992, was the subject of extensive media coverage in the 1990s. Following the divorce, she developed her own lines of clothing, fashion jewelry, and beauty products which were sold on QVC London and the Home Shopping Network. Ivana wrote an advice column for Globe called "Ask Ivana" from 1995 through 2010 and has published several books including works of fiction, self-help, and an autobiography.
Early life and education
Ivana Zelníčková was born on February 20, 1949, in the Moravian city of Zlín (known between 1949 and 1990 as Gottwaldov), Czechoslovakia, the daughter of Miloš Zelníček (1927–1990) and Marie Zelníčková (née Francová). Her father was an electrical engineer and her mother worked as a telephone operator. Her father encouraged her skiing talent, a practice she began at age four. After developing skills as a skier, she joined the junior national ski team, which offered her opportunities to travel beyond the Soviet-era communist boundaries of what was then the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. She attended Charles University in Prague and earned a master's degree in physical education in 1972.
Accounts differ as to Trump's history of skiing competitively. It was reported that she was selected as an alternate on the Czechoslovak ski team during the 1972 Winter Olympics, specializing in downhill and slalom. However, in 1989, Petr Pomezný, Secretary General of the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, refuted the claim and stated that despite searching extensively, no record could be found of her involvement.
Emigration to Canada
In 1971, Zelníčková married Alfred Winklmayr, an Austrian ski instructor and her platonic friend, in order to obtain Austrian citizenship. The marriage granted her the freedom to leave Communist Czechoslovakia without defection so she could retain the right to return to visit her parents. Ivana Winklmayr received her Austrian passport in March 1972. The following year, she obtained an absentee divorce from Alfred Winklmayr in Los Angeles, California, where he had moved to teach skiing.
Zelníčková was romantically involved with the lyricist and playwright George (Jiři) Staidl who was killed in a car accident in 1973. After Staidl's death, Trump moved to Canada where she lived with George (Jiři) Syrovatka whom she had dated since 1967; Syrovatka had defected to Canada in 1971 and owned a ski boutique in Montreal.
Trump worked as a ski instructor while living in Canada. She lived in Montreal for two years where she continued to improve her English by taking night courses at McGill University and also worked as a model. In 1975, Trump told the Montreal Gazette that she considered modeling to be a job, rather than a career. Her modeling clients included Eaton's department store and the designer Auckie Sanft, along with promotional work for the 1976 Summer Olympics that were being hosted in Montreal.
Marriage to Donald Trump
Ivana was in New York City with a group of models in 1976 when she met Donald Trump. On April 7, 1977, they were married at Marble Collegiate Church in a wedding officiated by Norman Vincent Peale. The couple became tabloid figures in New York society during the 1980s. They worked together on several large projects, including the Trump Tower on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, the renovation of the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York City, and the construction of the Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Ivana and Donald Trump have three children: Donald Trump Jr. (born December 31, 1977), Ivana Marie Trump, better known as Ivanka Trump, (born October 30, 1981), and Eric Trump (born January 6, 1984). Donald Jr. learned to speak fluent Czech (with the help of his maternal grandfather), while Ivanka gained only a basic understanding of her mother's native tongue, and Eric was not exposed to the language since, by the time of his birth, his grandparents were comfortable using English.
A reviewer of the 2018 Netflix documentary miniseries on Donald Trump, Trump: An American Dream, described Ivana as a “charismatic workaholic, a career woman, an equal”, and a life partner deliberately chosen by Trump to “work beside him and challenge him.“
The Trumps' troubled marriage became the subject of public interest over the Christmas holiday in 1989 when—on vacation in Aspen, Colorado— they were observed fighting after Ivana encountered Donald Trump's mistress Marla Maples. The Chicago Tribune reported that by February 1990, Donald Trump had locked Ivana out of her office at the Plaza Hotel, and a legal battle ensued over the legitimacy of the four prenuptial agreements the pair had successively negotiated over the years.
In October 1990, Trump's 63-year-old father, Miloš Zelníček, died suddenly from a heart attack. According to The Guardian, her father was an informer for Czechoslovakia's Státní bezpečnost (StB) intelligence service who relayed information from his daughter, including a prediction that George H. W. Bush would win the 1988 presidential election. Despite their marital troubles and pending divorce, Ivana stood side by side with Donald Trump at her father's funeral in Zlín held in November 1990. The service was also attended by Jaroslav Jansa, secret collaborator to the StB.
The Trumps' divorce proceedings received worldwide publicity. Front-page coverage appeared in New York tabloid newspapers for eleven days in a row, and the story was the subject of Liz Smith's entire news coverage for three months. In a deposition relating to their divorce, Ivana accused Donald Trump of rape and of pulling out handfuls of her hair. In Harry Hurt III's book Lost Tycoon: The Many Lives of Donald J. Trump, she confirmed that she had "felt violated". However, in a statement provided by Donald Trump and his lawyers, she said that she had used the word "rape", but she did not "want [her] words to be interpreted in a literal or criminal sense." The uncontested divorce was granted in December 1990 on the grounds of cruel and inhumane treatment by Donald Trump. Ivana had to sign a non-disclosure agreement as a condition of the divorce settlement, and she was required to seek Donald Trump's permission before publicly discussing their marriage. The New York Times reported in 1991 that Ivana's divorce settlement included $14 million, a 45-room Connecticut mansion, an apartment in the Trump Plaza, and the use of Mar-a-Lago for one month a year. The divorce was finalized in 1992.
During her marriage to Donald Trump, Ivana took on major roles in The Trump Organization, working as a senior executive for seven years, including executive vice president for interior design. She led the interior design of Trump Tower with its signature pink marble. Ivana was appointed CEO and president of the Trump Castle Hotel and Casino in Atlantic City and later became the manager of the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan.
Soon after the divorce, Trump developed lines of clothing, fashion jewelry and beauty products that have been sold through television shopping channels, including the Home Shopping Network and QVC London. In 1995, she presided over the House of Ivana, a fashion and fragrance company with a showroom located on Park Avenue in New York.
In 1998, she pursued business interests in Croatia (a vacation destination her parents frequently visited), which included the purchase of 33% of the nation's second largest daily newspaper.
In 2004, the Ivana-branded Bentley Bay development in Miami, Florida, filed for bankruptcy. In 2005, Trump was involved in several proposed condominium projects, including the never-built Ivana Las Vegas.
Trump has published several books, including For Love Alone (1992), Free to Love (1993) and a self-help book called The Best Is Yet to Come: Coping with Divorce and Enjoying Life Again (1995).
In 2017, she released an autobiography, Raising Trump, that covers her own upbringing and the early years of raising her children with Donald Trump.
Ivana and Donald Trump made several appearances together on TV programs including The Oprah Winfrey Show in April 1988, followed by the BBC's Wogan in May 1988. After her divorce from Donald Trump, Ivana was interviewed by Barbara Walters for ABC's 20/20. In 1991, Donald Trump cut off her alimony payments after the interview and announced his intention to sue Ivana for monetary damages.
She had a cameo role in the Hollywood film The First Wives Club (1996) with the line, "Ladies, you have to be strong and independent. And remember, don't get mad, get everything."
Trump was the host of a reality TV special titled Ivana Young Man, which aired on Oxygen Network in 2006. In the reality dating program, she helped a wealthy, middle-aged woman find a younger partner.
In 2010, Trump appeared in the UK version of Celebrity Big Brother.
Trump has been married four times. Her first marriage to Alfred Winklmayr was for the goal of obtaining an Austrian passport. She was married to Donald Trump from 1977 to 1992 and had three children with him: Donald Jr. in 1977, Ivanka in 1981 and Eric in 1984. She became a U.S. citizen in 1988.
Trump married Italian entrepreneur and international businessman Riccardo Mazzucchelli in November 1995. They divorced in 1997. That same year, she filed a $15 million breach of contract suit against Mazzucchelli for violating the confidentiality clause in their prenuptial agreement, while Mazzucchelli sued Ivana and Donald Trump in a British court for libel. The suit was later settled under undisclosed terms.
Trump dated Italian actor and model Rossano Rubicondi for six years before they married on April 12, 2008. The marriage to Rubicondi, 36, was the fourth union for Ivana, then 59. The couple's $3 million wedding for 400 guests was hosted by ex-husband Donald Trump at Mar-a-Lago with daughter Ivanka as her maid of honor. The wedding was officiated by Maryanne Trump Barry. Although Ivana and Rubicondi divorced less than a year later, their on-again, off-again relationship continued until 2019, when Ivana announced they had once again "called it quits".
As of August 2019, Trump had ten grandchildren. In the late 2010s, she reportedly split her time between New York, Miami, and Saint-Tropez.
- Shnayerson, Michael (January 2, 1988). "Inside Ivana's Role in Donald Trump's Empire". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Hurt III 1993, p. 96.
- "Extchyně amerického prezidenta Marie Zelníčková (92) ze Zlína: Trump mi říká bábrle!". Blesk.cz. October 23, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- "Marie Zelníčková (born Francová)". myheritage.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- Burleigh, Nina (November 27, 2017). "Donald Trump's first ex-wife, Ivana, once wore homemade clothes. Now she spends holidays at Mar-a-Lago". Newsweek. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Bell, Bill (February 11, 1990). "They met, they saw and they conquered: Donald and Ivana Trump seemed to have it all". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- van Meter, Johnathan (May 1989). "That's Why the Lady is a Trump". Spy. Sussex Publishers, LLC. ISSN 0890-1759 – via Google Books.
- Heinlein, Stefan (November 16, 2016). "Ex-Frau von Donald Trump - Ivana Trump plant Diplomatenkarriere in Prag". Deutschlandfunk (in German). Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Dixon, Christine-Marie Liwag (December 27, 2018). "The stunning transformation of Ivana Trump". The List. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- White, Marion M. (September 26, 1988). "Ivana Trump: Hard work, discipline and self-reliance". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- McCauley, Dana (May 1, 2016). "This is the woman who made Donald Trump a household name". People Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- Conconi, Chuck (February 22, 1990). "Personalities". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
- Hurt III 1993, p. 99.
- Lague, Louise (March 19, 1990). "Ivana Alone". People Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- Gross, Michael (October 15, 1990). "Ivana's New Life". New York Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- Burleigh 2018, p. 82.
- Hallemann, Caroline; Dangremond, Sam (June 25, 2019). "Here's What You Need to Know About Ivana Trump, Donald's First Wife". Town & Country. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- "How a move to Canada helped Donald and Ivana Trump meet". CBC. February 20, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
- Barrett 2016, p. 132.
- Blair 2015, p. 300.
- Mahler, Jonathan; Flegenheimer, Matt (June 20, 2016). "What Donald Trump Learned From Joseph McCarthy's Right-Hand Man". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
- Cranley, Ellen. "Trump has been married 3 times — here's what we know about his prenups". Insider. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
- Brenner, Marie (September 1990). "After the Gold Rush". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
- Bender, Marylin (August 7, 1983). "The Empire and Ego of Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Rayner, Polly (May 14, 1989). "Ivana Trump Now Fashions Herself As Plaza's Innkeeper". The Morning Call. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Van Meter, Jonathan (December 3, 2004). "Did Their Father Really Know Best?". New York. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- Placido, Dani Di. "'Trump: An American Dream' Plays Like A Supervillain Origin Story". Forbes. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- Lavin, Cheryl (February 18, 1990). "With 'Dynasty' Dead, Just Tune To The Trumps". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- Harding, Luke (October 29, 2018). "'A very different world' – inside the Czech spying operation on Trump". The Guardian. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- Libiger, Milan; Železník, Tomáš (November 11, 2016). "Trumpa přivedl do Zlína tchánův pohřeb, děti sem jezdily na prázdniny". iDNES.cz (in Czech). Retrieved January 19, 2019.
Father-in-law's funeral brought Trump to Zlín, his children used to spend holidays there
- Barron, James (December 12, 1990). "Trumps Get Divorce; Next, Who Gets What?". The New York Times. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- Leland, John (July 30, 2017). "Life Among the Boldface Names". The New York Times. p. MB1. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
- Ross, Barbara; Brown, Stephen Rex (September 17, 2016). "Court docs reveal Donald Trump's 'cruel' treatment of Ivana". NY Daily News. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Mak, Tim; Zadrozny, Brandy (July 27, 2015). "Ex-Wife: Donald Trump Made Me Feel 'Violated' During Sex". The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
- Hylton, Richard D. (March 21, 1991). "Trumps Settle; She Gets $14 Million Plus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Heil, Emily (October 11, 2017). "Here are some fabulous lines from Ivana Trump's 1995 divorce manual". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
- McCauley, Dana (April 29, 2016). "This is the woman who made Donald Trump a household name". NewsComAu. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- Burleigh, Nina (February 1, 2017). "What Melania, Ivanka, Ivana, Marla tell us about the role of women in Trump's world". Newsweek. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Ellison, Sarah. "IVANKA'S APPRENTICE | Vanity Fair | February 2017". Vanity Fair | The Complete Archive. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Dullea, Georgia (April 5, 1995). "AT WORK WITH: Ivana Trump; Thinner, Blonder, Wiser". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Trump, Ivana (October 9, 2017). "Read an Exclusive Excerpt From Ivana Trump's New Memoir". Time. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- "Successful Beach Polo Premiere in Croatia". POLO+10 The Polo Magazine. May 19, 2016.
- Tribune New Services (January 22, 1998). "And The Town's Name Rang A Bell With Her". Chicago Tribune.
- Robison, Jennifer (August 15, 2005). "High-Rise Development: Ivana buys into project". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on October 29, 2005.
- Clarke, Norm (July 19, 2006). "Pamela, Kid Rock finally to marry". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on July 20, 2006.
- Stempel, Jonathan (September 16, 2010). "Ivana Trump sues Finnish designer over name". Reuters. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
- "Ask Ivana". The Daily Gazette. June 1, 1995. Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- Trump, Ivana (January 25, 2010). "Bye, Bye Ivana!". Globe. p. 18.
Dear Readers: After years of hard work and devoted service as GLOBE's advice columnist, I regretfully have decided to resign from the position. While I have thoroughly enjoyed being a part of the GLOBE family, as well as the many friendships that I have developed over the years, other business pursuits, both nationally and internationally, will not allow me to devote the attention necessary to the column and to my readers.
- White, Diane (February 24, 1999). "Picture This: Ivana Has Her Own Magazine". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on November 29, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
- Zwecker, Bill, "Ivana's trump? Divorce column that shares all she's learned", Chicago Sun-Times, January 24, 2001
- Collins, Gail (October 12, 2017). "The Trumps, the Poodle, the Sex Scandal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 9, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
- Trump, Ivana (October 2017). Raising Trump. Gallery Books. ISBN 978-1-5011-7728-6 – via Google Books.
- "Donald Trump on Marriage: 'Ultimately Ivana Does Exactly As I Tell Her to Do'". Oprah.com. April 25, 1988. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- "Wogan: Donald Trump and Dame Edna". BBC Archive. May 23, 1988. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Winship, Frederick M. (May 14, 1991). "Trump ends Ivana's alimony over TV interview". UPI. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Jones, Isabel (December 5, 2019). "Donald Trump Reportedly Told Then-Wife Ivana Trump to 'Never Look a Day Over 28'". Yahoo! Money. InStyle. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Cettl, Robert (2010). Film Talk. Wider Screenings. p. 54. ISBN 9780987050038.
- Peyser, Andrea (April 30, 2006). "Ivana: Give Me a Stud; Boy-Toy Joy On Her Dating Reality Show". New York Post. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- Domb Sadof, Karly; Rindler, Danielle; Sellers, Frances (January 13, 2017). "An unusual first family". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
- Green, Michelle (July 21, 1997). "Riccardo, We Hardly Knew Ye". People. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Husband sues Ivana and Donald Trump for libel". The Independent. July 29, 1997. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Ivana Trump Former Husband Riccardo Mazzucchelli Dies". RadarOnline. September 24, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Baker, K.C. (July 10, 1997). "Ivana wants to muzzle soon-to-be-ex". New York Daily News. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Wadler, Joyce (March 20, 1998). "PUBLIC LIVES; Ivana's Boy Toy (for the Record, He's a Prince)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- Johnson, Richard (February 26, 2008). "Fugitive Dinner". "Page Six", New York Post. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
- "Ivana Trump and Ex-Husband Rossano Rubicondi Split for Second Time". Us Weekly. June 26, 2019. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Marx, Linda (April 12, 2008). "Ivana Trump Marries for the Fourth Time – Weddings, Ivana Trump". People. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
- "Ivana Trump weds actor Rossano Rubicond: report". Reuters. April 17, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Bryant, Kenzie. "Ivana Trump Reunites With Her One True Love: New York Tabloids". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Yasharoff, Hannah (August 2019). "Eric and Lara Trump welcome second baby, President Trump's 10th grandchild: 'We love you already!'". USA Today. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- "Ivana Trump becomes U.S. citizen". Associated Press. May 27, 1988. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- Hurt III 1993, p. 236.
- Barrett, Wayne (2016) . Trump: The Deals and the Downfall (First Regan Art Paperback ed.). Harper Collins. ISBN 978-1-682450-79-6. Paperback title: The Greatest Show on Earth: The Deals, the Downfall, the Reinvention.
- Blair, Gwenda (2015) . The Trumps: Three Generations That Built an Empire. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-7432-1079-9.
- Burleigh, Nina (2018) . Golden Handcuffs: The Secret History of Trump's Women. Gallery Books. ISBN 978-1-5011-8020-0.
- Hurt III, Harry (1993). The Lost Tycoon: The Rise and Demise of Donald J. Trump. W. W. Norton Company. ISBN 0-393-03029-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ivana Trump.|