ISO 4217

ISO 4217 is a standard published by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines alpha codes and numeric codes for the representation of currencies and provides information about the relationships between individual currencies and their minor units. This data is published in three tables:

  • Table A.1 – Current currency & funds code list[1]
  • Table A.2 – Current funds codes[2]
  • Table A.3 – List of codes for historic denominations of currencies & funds[3]

An airline ticket showing the price in the ISO 4217 code "EUR" (bottom left) and not the currency sign

The first edition of ISO 4217 was published in 1978. The tables, history and ongoing discussion are maintained by SIX Interbank Clearing on behalf of ISO and the Swiss Association for Standardization.[4]

The ISO 4217 code list is used in banking and business globally. In many countries the ISO 4217 alpha codes for the more common currencies are so well known publicly that exchange rates published in newspapers or posted in banks use only these to delineate the currencies, instead of translated currency names or ambiguous currency symbols. ISO 4217 alpha codes are used on airline tickets and international train tickets to remove any ambiguity about the price.

Alpha codes

A list of exchange rates for various base currencies given by a money changer in Thailand, with the Thailand Baht as the counter (or quote) currency. Note the Korean currency code should be KRW.

National currencies

In the case of national currencies, the first two letters of the alpha code are the two letters of the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code and the third is usually the initial of the currency itself. So Japan's currency code is JPY—JP for Japan and Y for yen. This eliminates the problem caused by the names dollar, franc, peso and pound being used in dozens of countries, each having significantly differing values.

In some cases, the third letter of the alpha code is not the initial letter of the currency name. There are two possible reasons for this to happen:

  • It is considered important that the code of a completely new currency be highly mnemonic. An example is the assignment of the code EUR to the euro. ISO 4217 amendment 94,[5] which created this code, states “The code element 'EU' has been reserved by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency for use within ISO 4217 where 'R' has been appended to make an acceptable mnemonic code.”. Here the R comes from the third letter in the word “euro”.
  • The currency in question is replacing another currency of the same name, due to devaluation. So that the two currencies have different codes, a different third letter must be chosen for the code of the new currency. In some cases, the third letter is the initial for "new" in that country's language, to distinguish it from an older currency that was revalued; the code sometimes outlasts the usage of the term "new" itself (for example, the code for the Mexican peso is MXN). Another solution to a devalued currency having the same name as its predecessor is to choose a third letter which results in a 3-letter code with mnemonic significance. For example, the Russian ruble changed from RUR to RUB following a devaluation, where the B comes from the third letter in the word "ruble".

X currencies

In addition to codes for most active national currencies ISO 4217 provides codes for "supranational" currencies, procedural purposes, and several things which are "similar to" currencies:

  • Codes for the precious metals gold (XAU), silver (XAG), palladium (XPD), and platinum (XPT) are formed by prefixing the element's chemical symbol with the letter "X". These "currency units" are denominated as one troy ounce of the specified metal as opposed to "USD 1" or "EUR 1".
  • The code XTS is reserved for use in testing.
  • The code XXX is used to denote a "transaction" involving no currency.
  • There are also codes specifying certain monetary instruments used in international finance, e.g. XDR is the symbol for special drawing right issued by the International Monetary Fund.
  • The codes for most supranational currencies, such as the East Caribbean dollar, the CFP franc, the CFA franc BEAC and the CFA franc BCEAO. The predecessor to the euro, the European Currency Unit (ECU), had the code XEU.

The use of an initial letter "X" for these purposes is facilitated by the ISO 3166 rule that no official country code beginning with X will ever be assigned.

The inclusion of EU (denoting the European Union) in the ISO 3166-1 reserved codes list allows the euro to be coded as EUR rather than assigned a code beginning with X, even though it is a supranational currency.

Numeric codes

ISO 4217 also assigns a three-digit numeric code to each currency, much like the three-digit numeric code assigned to each country by ISO 3166. The numeric code assigned to a currency by ISO 4217 is usually the same as the numeric code assigned to the corresponding country by ISO 3166-1. For example, USD (United States dollar) has numeric code 840 which is also the numeric code for the US (United States).

Minor units of currency

The 2008 (7th) edition of ISO 4217 says the following about minor units of currency:

Requirements sometimes arise for values to be expressed in terms of minor units of currency. When this occurs, it is necessary to know the decimal relationship that exists between the currency concerned and its minor unit. This information has therefore been included in this International Standard and is shown in the column headed “Minor unit” in Tables A.1 and A.2; “0” means that there is no minor unit for that currency, whereas “1”, “2” and “3” signify a ratio of 10:1, 100:1 and 1 000:1 respectively. The names of the minor units are not given.

Examples for the ratios of 100:1 and 1 000:1 include the United States dollar and the Bahraini dinar, for which the column headed “Minor unit” shows “2” and “3”, respectively. As of 2021, two currencies have non-decimal ratios, the Mauritanian ouguiya and the Malagasy ariary; in both cases the ratio is 5:1. For these, the “Minor unit” column shows the number “2”. Some currencies do not have any minor currency unit at all. These show the number “0”, as with currencies whose minor units are unused due to negligible value.

Position of ISO 4217 code in amounts

The ISO standard does not regulate either the spacing, prefixing or suffixing in usage of currency codes. According however to the European Union's Publication Office,[6] in English, Irish, Latvian and Maltese texts, the ISO 4217 code is to be followed by a hard space[7] and the amount:

a sum of EUR 30

In Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish and Swedish the order is reversed; the amount is followed by a hard space and the ISO 4217 code:

une somme de 30 EUR

Note that, as illustrated, the order is determined not by the currency, but by the native language of the document context.

History

In 1973, the ISO Technical Committee 68 decided to develop codes for the representation of currencies and funds for use in any application of trade, commerce or banking. At the 17th session (February 1978), the related UN/ECE Group of Experts agreed that the three-letter alphabetic codes for International Standard ISO 4217, "Codes for the representation of currencies and funds", would be suitable for use in international trade.

Over time, new currencies are created and old currencies are discontinued. Such changes usually originate from the formation of new countries, treaties between countries on shared currencies or monetary unions, or redenomination from an existing currency due to excessive inflation. As a result, the list of codes must be updated from time to time. The ISO 4217 maintenance agency (MA), SIX Interbank Clearing, is responsible for maintaining the list of codes.

Active codes

The following is a list of active codes of official ISO 4217 currency names as of 29 August 2018. In the standard the values are called "alphabetic code", "numeric code", "minor unit", and "entity".

Active ISO 4217 currency codes[1]
CodeNumD[lower-alpha 1]CurrencyLocations listed for this currency[lower-alpha 2]
AED7842United Arab Emirates dirham United Arab Emirates
AFN9712Afghan afghani Afghanistan
ALL0082Albanian lek Albania
AMD0512Armenian dram Armenia
ANG5322Netherlands Antillean guilder Curaçao (CW),  Sint Maarten (SX)
AOA9732Angolan kwanza Angola
ARS0322Argentine peso Argentina
AUD0362Australian dollar Australia,  Christmas Island (CX),  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (CC),  Heard Island and McDonald Islands (HM),  Kiribati (KI),  Nauru (NR),  Norfolk Island (NF),  Tuvalu (TV)
AWG5332Aruban florin Aruba
AZN9442Azerbaijani manat Azerbaijan
BAM9772Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Bosnia and Herzegovina
BBD0522Barbados dollar Barbados
BDT0502Bangladeshi taka Bangladesh
BGN9752Bulgarian lev Bulgaria
BHD0483Bahraini dinar Bahrain
BIF1080Burundian franc Burundi
BMD0602Bermudian dollar Bermuda
BND0962Brunei dollar Brunei
BOB0682Boliviano Bolivia
BOV9842Bolivian Mvdol (funds code) Bolivia
BRL9862Brazilian real Brazil
BSD0442Bahamian dollar Bahamas
BTN0642Bhutanese ngultrum Bhutan
BWP0722Botswana pula Botswana
BYN9332Belarusian ruble Belarus
BZD0842Belize dollar Belize
CAD1242Canadian dollar Canada
CDF9762Congolese franc Democratic Republic of the Congo
CHE9472WIR euro (complementary currency)  Switzerland
CHF7562Swiss franc  Switzerland,  Liechtenstein (LI)
CHW9482WIR franc (complementary currency)  Switzerland
CLF9904Unidad de Fomento (funds code) Chile
CLP1520Chilean peso Chile
CNY1562Chinese yuan[8] China
COP1702Colombian peso Colombia
COU9702[9]Unidad de Valor Real (UVR) (funds code)[9] Colombia
CRC1882Costa Rican colon Costa Rica
CUC9312Cuban convertible peso Cuba
CUP1922Cuban peso Cuba
CVE1322Cape Verdean escudo Cabo Verde
CZK2032Czech koruna Czechia [10]
DJF2620Djiboutian franc Djibouti
DKK2082Danish krone Denmark,  Faroe Islands (FO),  Greenland (GL)
DOP2142Dominican peso Dominican Republic
DZD0122Algerian dinar Algeria
EGP8182Egyptian pound Egypt
ERN2322Eritrean nakfa Eritrea
ETB2302Ethiopian birr Ethiopia
EUR9782Euro Åland Islands (AX),  European Union (EU),  Andorra (AD),  Austria (AT),  Belgium (BE),  Cyprus (CY),  Estonia (EE),  Finland (FI),  France (FR),  French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TF),  Germany (DE),  Greece (GR),  Guadeloupe (GP),  Ireland (IE),  Italy (IT),  Latvia (LV),  Lithuania (LT),  Luxembourg (LU),  Malta (MT),  French Guiana (GF),  Martinique (MQ),  Mayotte (YT),  Monaco (MC),  Montenegro (ME),  Netherlands (NL),  Portugal (PT),  Réunion (RE),  Saint Barthélemy (BL),  Saint Martin (MF),  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (PM),  San Marino (SM),  Slovakia (SK),  Slovenia (SI),  Spain (ES),   Vatican City (VA)
FJD2422Fiji dollar Fiji
FKP2382Falkland Islands pound Falkland Islands (pegged to GBP 1:1)
GBP8262Pound sterling United Kingdom,  Isle of Man (IM, see Manx pound),  Jersey (JE, see Jersey pound),  Guernsey (GG, see Guernsey pound),  Tristan da Cunha (SH-TA)
GEL9812Georgian lari Georgia
GHS9362Ghanaian cedi Ghana
GIP2922Gibraltar pound Gibraltar (pegged to GBP 1:1)
GMD2702Gambian dalasi Gambia
GNF3240Guinean franc Guinea
GTQ3202Guatemalan quetzal Guatemala
GYD3282Guyanese dollar Guyana
HKD3442Hong Kong dollar Hong Kong
HNL3402Honduran lempira Honduras
HRK1912Croatian kuna Croatia
HTG3322Haitian gourde Haiti
HUF3482Hungarian forint Hungary
IDR3602Indonesian rupiah Indonesia
ILS3762Israeli new shekel Israel
INR3562Indian rupee India,  Bhutan
IQD3683Iraqi dinar Iraq
IRR3642Iranian rial Iran
ISK3520Icelandic króna Iceland
JMD3882Jamaican dollar Jamaica
JOD4003Jordanian dinar Jordan
JPY3920Japanese yen Japan
KES4042Kenyan shilling Kenya
KGS4172Kyrgyzstani som Kyrgyzstan
KHR1162Cambodian riel Cambodia
KMF1740Comoro franc Comoros
KPW4082North Korean won North Korea
KRW4100South Korean won South Korea
KWD4143Kuwaiti dinar Kuwait
KYD1362Cayman Islands dollar Cayman Islands
KZT3982Kazakhstani tenge Kazakhstan
LAK4182Lao kip Laos
LBP4222Lebanese pound Lebanon
LKR1442Sri Lankan rupee Sri Lanka
LRD4302Liberian dollar Liberia
LSL4262Lesotho loti Lesotho
LYD4343Libyan dinar Libya
MAD5042Moroccan dirham Morocco,  Western Sahara
MDL4982Moldovan leu Moldova
MGA9692[lower-alpha 3]Malagasy ariary Madagascar
MKD8072Macedonian denar North Macedonia
MMK1042Myanmar kyat Myanmar
MNT4962Mongolian tögrög Mongolia
MOP4462Macanese pataca Macau
MRU[11]9292[lower-alpha 3]Mauritanian ouguiya Mauritania
MUR4802Mauritian rupee Mauritius
MVR4622Maldivian rufiyaa Maldives
MWK4542Malawian kwacha Malawi
MXN4842Mexican peso Mexico
MXV9792Mexican Unidad de Inversion (UDI) (funds code) Mexico
MYR4582Malaysian ringgit Malaysia
MZN9432Mozambican metical Mozambique
NAD5162Namibian dollar Namibia
NGN5662Nigerian naira Nigeria
NIO5582Nicaraguan córdoba Nicaragua
NOK5782Norwegian krone Norway,  Svalbard and  Jan Mayen (SJ),  Bouvet Island (BV)
NPR5242Nepalese rupee   Nepal
NZD5542New Zealand dollar New Zealand,  Cook Islands (CK),  Niue (NU),  Pitcairn Islands (PN; see also Pitcairn Islands dollar),  Tokelau (TK)
OMR5123Omani rial Oman
PAB5902Panamanian balboa Panama
PEN6042Peruvian sol Peru
PGK5982Papua New Guinean kina Papua New Guinea
PHP6082Philippine peso[12] Philippines
PKR5862Pakistani rupee Pakistan
PLN9852Polish złoty Poland
PYG6000Paraguayan guaraní Paraguay
QAR6342Qatari riyal Qatar
RON9462Romanian leu Romania
RSD9412Serbian dinar Serbia
RUB6432Russian ruble Russia
RWF6460Rwandan franc Rwanda
SAR6822Saudi riyal Saudi Arabia
SBD0902Solomon Islands dollar Solomon Islands
SCR6902Seychelles rupee Seychelles
SDG9382Sudanese pound Sudan
SEK7522Swedish krona/kronor Sweden
SGD7022Singapore dollar Singapore
SHP6542Saint Helena pound Saint Helena (SH-SH),  Ascension Island (SH-AC)
SLL6942Sierra Leonean leone Sierra Leone
SOS7062Somali shilling Somalia
SRD9682Surinamese dollar Suriname
SSP7282South Sudanese pound South Sudan
STN[13]9302São Tomé and Príncipe dobra São Tomé and Príncipe
SVC2222Salvadoran colón El Salvador
SYP7602Syrian pound Syria
SZL7482Swazi lilangeni Eswatini[12]
THB7642Thai baht Thailand
TJS9722Tajikistani somoni Tajikistan
TMT9342Turkmenistan manat Turkmenistan
TND7883Tunisian dinar Tunisia
TOP7762Tongan paʻanga Tonga
TRY9492Turkish lira Turkey
TTD7802Trinidad and Tobago dollar Trinidad and Tobago
TWD9012New Taiwan dollar Taiwan
TZS8342Tanzanian shilling Tanzania
UAH9802Ukrainian hryvnia Ukraine
UGX8000Ugandan shilling Uganda
USD8402United States dollar United States,  American Samoa (AS),  British Indian Ocean Territory (IO) (also uses GBP),  British Virgin Islands (VG),  Caribbean Netherlands (BQ – Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba),  Ecuador (EC),  El Salvador (SV),  Guam (GU),  Marshall Islands (MH),  Federated States of Micronesia (FM),  Northern Mariana Islands (MP),  Palau (PW),  Panama (PA) (as well as Panamanian Balboa),  Puerto Rico (PR),  Timor-Leste (TL),  Turks and Caicos Islands (TC),  U.S. Virgin Islands (VI),  United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM)
USN9972United States dollar (next day) (funds code) United States
UYI9400Uruguay Peso en Unidades Indexadas (URUIURUI) (funds code) Uruguay
UYU8582Uruguayan peso Uruguay
UYW9274Unidad previsional[14] Uruguay
UZS8602Uzbekistan som Uzbekistan
VES9282Venezuelan bolívar soberano[12] Venezuela
VND7040Vietnamese đồng Vietnam
VUV5480Vanuatu vatu Vanuatu
WST8822Samoan tala Samoa
XAF9500CFA franc BEAC Cameroon (CM),  Central African Republic (CF),  Republic of the Congo (CG),  Chad (TD),  Equatorial Guinea (GQ),  Gabon (GA)
XAG961.Silver (one troy ounce)
XAU959.Gold (one troy ounce)
XBA955.European Composite Unit (EURCO) (bond market unit)
XBB956.European Monetary Unit (E.M.U.-6) (bond market unit)
XBC957.European Unit of Account 9 (E.U.A.-9) (bond market unit)
XBD958.European Unit of Account 17 (E.U.A.-17) (bond market unit)
XCD9512East Caribbean dollar Anguilla (AI),  Antigua and Barbuda (AG),  Dominica (DM),  Grenada (GD),  Montserrat (MS),  Saint Kitts and Nevis (KN),  Saint Lucia (LC),  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VC)
XDR960.Special drawing rightsInternational Monetary Fund
XOF9520CFA franc BCEAO Benin (BJ),  Burkina Faso (BF),  Côte d'Ivoire (CI),  Guinea-Bissau (GW),  Mali (ML),  Niger (NE),  Senegal (SN),  Togo (TG)
XPD964.Palladium (one troy ounce)
XPF9530CFP franc (franc Pacifique)French territories of the Pacific Ocean:  French Polynesia (PF),  New Caledonia (NC),  Wallis and Futuna (WF)
XPT962.Platinum (one troy ounce)
XSU994.SUCREUnified System for Regional Compensation (SUCRE)[15]
XTS963.Code reserved for testing
XUA965.ADB Unit of AccountAfrican Development Bank[16]
XXX999.No currency
YER8862Yemeni rial Yemen
ZAR7102South African rand Eswatini,  Lesotho,  Namibia,  South Africa
ZMW9672Zambian kwacha Zambia
ZWL9322Zimbabwean dollar Zimbabwe

USD/USS/USN, three currency codes belonging to the US

The US dollar has two codes assigned: USD and USN (next day). The USS (same day) code is not in use any longer, and was removed from the list of active ISO 4217 codes in March 2014.

According to UN/CEFACT recommendation 9, paragraphs 8–9 ECE/TRADE/203, 1996, available online:

8. In applications where monetary resources associated with a currency (i.e. funds) need not be specified and where a field identifier indicating currency is used, the first two (leftmost) characters are sufficient to identify a currency—example: US for United States dollars for general, unspecified purposes where a field identifier indicating currency is present. (A field identifier can be a preprinted field heading in an aligned document or a similarly-agreed application in electronic transmission of data.)
9. In applications where there is a need to distinguish between types of currencies, or where funds are required as in the banking environment, or where there is no field identifier, the third (rightmost) character of the alphabetic code is an indicator, preferably mnemonic, derived from the name of the major currency unit or fund—example: USD for general, unspecified purposes; USN for United States dollar next-day funds, and USS for funds which are immediately available for Federal Reserve transfer, withdrawal in cash or transfer in like funds (same-day funds). Since there is no need for such a distinction in international trade applications, the funds codes have not been included in the Annex to the present Recommendation.

Future codes

As of August 2018, there are no new codes planned to be added to the standard.

Non ISO 4217 currencies

Currencies without ISO 4217 currency codes

A number of active currencies do not have an ISO 4217 code, because they may be: (1) a minor currency pegged at par (1:1) to a larger currency, even if independently regulated, (2) a currency only used for commemorative banknotes or coins, or (3) a currency of an unrecognized or partially recognized state. These currencies include:

  • Abkhazian apsar
  • Alderney pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  • Artsakh dram
  • Cook Islands dollar (1:1 pegged to the New Zealand dollar)
  • Faroese króna (1:1 pegged to the Danish krone)
  • Guernsey pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  • Isle of Man pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  • Jersey pound (1:1 pegged to the pound sterling)
  • Kiribati dollar (1:1 pegged to the Australian dollar)
  • Maltese scudo (1:0.24 pegged to the euro[17])
  • Sahrawi peseta (pegged to the euro), sometimes given the code "EHP" but this has not been assigned by the ISO
  • Somaliland shilling (state of issue is viewed as de jure part of Somalia, exchange rate not fixed)
  • Transnistrian ruble (state of issue is viewed as de jure part of Moldova)
  • Tuvaluan dollar (1:1 pegged to the Australian dollar)
  • Zimbabwean bonds
  • RTGS dollar (ZWL occasionally used)

See Category:Fixed exchange rate for a list of all currently pegged currencies.

Unofficial currency codes

Despite having no official recognition in ISO 4217, the following non-ISO codes are sometimes used locally or commercially.

Active non-ISO 4217 currency codes
Unofficial
code
ISO 4217
code
D[lower-alpha 1]CurrencyLocations using this currencyNotes
CNH[18]n/a2Chinese yuan (offshore)Hong KongThe code CNH is used to represent the Chinese yuan (aka Renminbi) in offshore trading, especially offshore trading involving Hong Kong. See Offshore Renminbi (CNH). The USD/CNY rate and the USD/CNH rate are, usually, different.[19]
CNT[20]n/a2Chinese yuan (offshore)TaiwanThe code CNT is used to represent the Chinese yuan (aka Renminbi) in offshore trading, especially offshore trading involving Taiwan. See Other markets.
GGP[21]n/a2Guernsey poundGuernsey
IMP[21]n/a2Isle of Man poundIsle of ManAlso known as the Manx pound.
JEP[21]n/a2Jersey poundJersey
KID[22]n/a2Kiribati dollarKiribati
NIS[23]ILS2Israeli new shekelIsraelNIS stands for New Israeli Shekel: NIS conflicts with ISO 4217, because NI stands for Nicaragua.
NTDTWD2New Taiwan dollarTaiwan
PRBn/a2Transnistrian rubleTransnistriaPRB conflicts with ISO 4217, because PR stands for Puerto Rico.
SLSn/a2Somaliland shillingSomalilandSLS conflicts with ISO 4217, because SL stands for Sierra Leone.
RMBCNY2Chinese yuanMainland ChinaRMB is an abbreviation of RenMinBi, which is another name for the Chinese yuan.
TVD[21]n/a2Tuvalu dollarTuvalu
ZWB[24]n/a2Zimbabwean bondsZimbabweAlso known as the RTGS Dollar.

The following non-ISO codes were used in the past.

Historical non-ISO 4217 currency codes
Unofficial
code
ISO 4217
code
D[lower-alpha 1]CurrencyLocations that used this currencyNotes
ADFn/a2Andorran francAndorraDe facto currency used until January 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (EUR).[25]
ARLn/a2Argentine peso leyArgentinaUsed from January 1970 to May 1983, when it was replaced by the Argentine peso argentino (ARP).[25]
MAFn/a2Moroccan francMoroccoUsed in French Morocco from 1921 and all of Morocco from 1957 to 1974 until it was replaced by the Moroccan dirham (MAD)
MCFn/a2Monégasque francMonacoUsed until January 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (EUR).[25]
MKNn/aOld Macedonian denarNorth MacedoniaUsed from January 1990 through 1993, when it was replaced by the second denar (MKD).[25]
SMLn/a0San Marinese liraSan MarinoUsed until January 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (EUR).[25]
VALn/a0Vatican liraVatican CityUsed until January 1999, when it was replaced by the euro (EUR).[25]
YUGn/a2Yugoslav dinarYugoslaviaRe-denomination used in January 1994[25] until it was replaced by the novi dinar (YUM).
YUOn/a2Yugoslav dinarYugoslaviaRe-denomination used from October–December 1993,[25] when it was again re-denominated (YUG).
YURn/a2Reformed Yugoslav dinarYugoslavia[lower-alpha 4]Revaluation used from July 1992 to September 1993[25] until re-denomination (YUO).

Unofficial codes for minor units of currency

Minor units of currency (also known as currency subdivisions or currency subunits) are often used for pricing and trading stocks and other assets, such as energy,[26] but are not assigned codes by ISO 4217. Two conventions for representing minor units are in widespread use:

  • Replacing the third letter of the ISO 4217 Code of the parent currency with an upper-case "X". Examples are GBX[27][26][28] for Penny Sterling, USX[27] for the US Cent, EUX[27][26] for the Euro Cent.
  • Replacing the third letter of the ISO 4217 Code of the parent currency with the first letter of the name of the minor unit, using lower-case. Examples are GBp[29][28] for Penny Sterling, USc[29] for the US Cent, EUc[29] for the Euro Cent.

A third convention is similar to the second one but uses an upper-case letter, e.g. ZAC[30] for the South African Cent. This convention is not in widespread use as it would result in clashes, e.g. between GBP for Pound Sterling and GBP for Penny Sterling.

Unofficial codes for cryptocurrencies

Recently, cryptocurrencies have unofficially used ISO-like codes on various cryptocurrency exchanges, for instance LTC for Litecoin, NMC for Namecoin and XRP for the XRP Ledger. SIX Interbank Clearing (a Maintenance Agency of ISO) is currently studying the impact and role of cryptocurrencies and other independent currencies on ISO 4217.[31][32]

Non-ISO 4217 cryptocurrency codes
Unofficial
code
D[lower-alpha 1]CurrencyNotes
ADA 6 AdaCurrency on the Cardano platform conflicts with ISO 4217, because AD stands for Andorra.
BCH 8 Bitcoin Cash
BNB 8 Binance BNB conflicts with ISO 4217, because BN stands for Brunei Darussalam.
BSV 8 Bitcoin SV BSV (Bitcoin Satoshi Vision) conflicts with ISO 4217, because BS stands for Bahamas.
BTC, XBT 8 Bitcoin BTC conflicts with ISO 4217, because BT stands for Bhutan.
DASH 8 Dash DASH is of non-standard length.
DOGE 4 Dogecoin
EOS 4 EOS
ETH 18 Ethereum ETH conflicts with ISO 4217, because ET stands for Ethiopia.
LTC 8 Litecoin LTC conflicts with ISO 4217, because LT stands for Lithuania.
VTC 8 Vertcoin
XLM 8 Stellar Lumen
XMR 12 Monero
XRP 6 Ripple
XTZ 6 Tez
ZEC 8 Zcash

Historical currency codes

A number of currencies had official ISO 4217 currency codes and currency names until their replacement by another currency. The table below shows the ISO currency codes of former currencies and their common names (which do not always match the ISO 4217 names).

Historical ISO 4217 currency codes[3]
CodeNumD[lower-alpha 1]CurrencyFromUntilReplaced by
ADP0200Andorran peseta18691999-01-01EUR
AFA0042Afghan afghani19252003AFN
ALK008.Old Albanian lek19461965
AOK0240Angolan kwanza1977-01-081990-09-24AON (AOA)
AON0240Angolan novo kwanza1990-09-251995-06-30AOR (AOA)
AOR9820Angolan kwanza reajustado1995-07-011999-11-30AOA
ARA0322Argentine austral1985-06-151991-12-31ARS
ARP0322Argentine peso argentino1983-06-061985-06-14ARA (ARS)
ARY032.Argentine peso
ATS0402Austrian schilling19451999-01-01EUR
AYM9450Azerbaijan manat
AZM0312Azerbaijani manat1992-08-152006-01-01AZN
BAD0702Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar1992-07-011998-02-04BAM
BEC993.Belgian convertible franc (funds code)1990-05-01[33]
BEF0562Belgian franc18321999-01-01EUR
BEL992.Belgian financial franc (funds code)
BGJ100.Bulgarian lev (first)18811952BGK
BGK100.Bulgarian lev (second)19521962BGL
BGL1002Bulgarian lev (third)19621999-08-31BGN
BOP0682Bolivian peso1963-01-011987-01-01BOB
BRB0762Brazilian cruzeiro19701986-02-28BRC (BRL)
BRC0762Brazilian cruzado1986-02-281989-01-15BRN (BRL)
BRE0762Brazilian cruzeiro1990-03-151993-08-01BRR (BRL)
BRN0762Brazilian cruzado novo1989-01-161990-03-15BRE (BRL)
BRR9872Brazilian cruzeiro real1993-08-011994-06-30BRL
BUK104.Burmese kyatMMK
BYB1122Belarusian ruble19921999-12-31BYR (BYN)
BYR9740Belarusian ruble2000-01-012016-06-30BYN
CHC9482WIR franc (for electronic currency)2004-12CHW[34]
CSD8912Serbian dinar2003-07-032006-10-25[35]RSD
CSJ203.Czechoslovak koruna (second)1953CSK
CSK200Czechoslovak koruna19531993-02-08CZK/SKK (CZK/EUR)
CYP1962Cypriot pound18792006-01-01EUR
DDM278East German mark1948-06-211990-07-01DEM (EUR)
DEM276[lower-alpha 5]2German mark19481999-01-01EUR
ECS2180Ecuadorian sucre18842000-02-29USD
ECV9832Ecuador Unidad de Valor Constante (funds code)19932000-02-29
EEK2332Estonian kroon19922010-01-01EUR
ESA996Spanish peseta (account A)19781981ESP (EUR)
ESB995Spanish peseta (account B) ?1994-12ESP (EUR)
ESP7240Spanish peseta18691999-01-01EUR
FIM2462Finnish markka18601999-01-01EUR
FRF2502French franc19601999-01-01EUR
GEK2680Georgian kuponi1993-04-051995-10-02GEL
GHC2882Ghanaian cedi19672007-07-01GHS
GHP9392Ghanaian cedi2007-06-18[37]GHS
GNE324Guinean syli19711985-12-31GNF
GNS324.Guinean syli19711985GNF
GQE226Equatorial Guinean ekwele19751985-12-31XAF
GRD3000, 2Greek drachma1954-05-01[38]2001-01-01[38]EUR
GWE624.Guinean escudoGWP
GWP6242Guinea-Bissau peso19751997-05-31XOF
HRD1912Croatian dinar1991-12-231994-05-30HRK
IEP3722Irish pound19381999-01-01EUR
ILP3763, 2Israeli lira19481980-02-20ILR (ILS)
ILR3762Israeli shekel1980-02-241985-12-31ILS
ISJ3522Icelandic króna19221981-06-30ISK
ITL3800Italian lira18611999-01-01EUR
LAJ418Lao kip19651979-12-31LAK
LSM426.Lesotho loti
LTL4402Lithuanian litas19932015-01-01EUR
LTT4402Lithuanian talonas[39]LTL
LUC989.Luxembourg convertible franc (funds code)
LUF4422Luxembourg franc19441999-01-01EUR
LUL988.Luxembourg financial franc (funds code)
LVL4282Latvian lats19922013-01-01EUR
LVR4282Latvian ruble[40]
MGF4500Malagasy franc1963-07-012005-01-01MGA
MLF466Malian franc19621984-01-01XOF
MRO4782Mauritanian ouguiya1973-06-292018-01-01MRU
MTL4702Maltese lira1972-05-26[41]2006-01-01EUR
MTP470.Maltese poundMTL
MVQ462Maldivian rupee ?1981-12-31MVR
MXP484Mexican peso ?1993-03-31MXN
MZE5082Mozambican escudo19141980MZN
MZM5082Mozambican metical19802006-06-30MZN
NIC5582Nicaraguan córdoba19881990-10-31NIO
NLG5282Dutch guilder1810s1999-01-01EUR
PEH604Peruvian old sol18631985-02-01PEI (PEN)
PEI604Peruvian inti1985-02-011991-10-01PEN
PES6042Peruvian sol18631985PEI[42]
PLZ6162Polish zloty1950-10-301994-12-31PLN
PTE6200Portuguese escudo1911-05-221999-01-01EUR
RHD7162Rhodesian dollar19701980ZWC
ROK642.Romanian leu (second)19471952ROL
ROL6420Romanian leu (third)1952-01-282005RON
RUR8102Russian ruble19921997-12-31RUB
SDD7362Sudanese dinar1992-06-082007-01-10SDG
SDP736Sudanese old pound19561992-06-08SDD (SDG)
SIT7052Slovenian tolar1991-10-082005-01-01EUR
SKK7032Slovak koruna1993-02-082007-01-01EUR
SRG7402Surinamese guilder19422004SRD
STD6782São Tomé and Príncipe dobra19772018-04-01STN
SUR810Soviet Union ruble19611991-12-26RUR (RUB/AMD/AZN/BYN/EUR/GEL/KZT/KGS/MDL/TJS/TMT/UAH/UZS)
TJR7620Tajikistani ruble1995-05-102000-10-30TJS
TMM7952Turkmenistani manat1993-11-12008-12-31TMT
TPE6260Portuguese Timorese escudo19591976USD
TRL7920Turkish lira19232005-12-31TRY
UAK8042Ukrainian karbovanets1992-10-11996-09-01UAH
UGS800Ugandan shilling19661987-12-31UGX
USS9982United States dollar (same day) (funds code)[43] ?2014-03-28[44]
UYN858Uruguay new peso1975-07-01[45]1993-03-01UYU
UYP8582Uruguay peso18961975-07-01UYN
VEB8622Venezuelan bolívar1879-03-312008-01-01VEF (VES)
VEF9372Venezuelan bolívar fuerte2008-01-012018-08-20[12]VES
VNC704.Old Vietnamese dong
XEU9540European Currency Unit1979-03-131998-12-31EUR
XFO...Gold franc (special settlement currency)18032003XDR
XFU....UIC franc (special settlement currency) ?2013-11-07[46]EUR
XRE....RINET funds code[47]
YDD720South Yemeni dinar19651996-06-11YER
YUD8902Yugoslav dinar1966-01-011989-12-31YUN (MKD/RSD/EUR/HRK/BAM)
YUM8912Yugoslav dinar1994-01-242003-07-02CSD (RSD/EUR)
YUN8902Yugoslav dinar1990-01-011992-06-30YUR (MKD/RSD/EUR/HRK/BAM)
ZAL9912South African financial rand (funds code)1985-09-011995-03-13
ZMK8942Zambian kwacha1968-01-16[48]2013-01-01ZMW
ZRN1802Zairean new zaire19931997CDF
ZRZ1802Zairean zaire19671993ZRN (CDF)
ZWC7162Rhodesian dollar1970-02-171980ZWD (USD/RTGS Dollar)
ZWD7162Zimbabwean dollar1980-04-182006-07-31ZWN (USD/RTGS Dollar)
ZWN9422Zimbabwean dollar2006-08-012008-07-31ZWR (USD/RTGS Dollar)
ZWR9352Zimbabwean dollar2008-08-012009-02-02ZWL (USD/RTGS Dollar)

See also

Notes

  1. The number of digits after the decimal separator.
  2. Entities listed in the ISO 4217 standard. See the list of circulating currencies for de facto currency use.
  3. The Malagasy ariary and the Mauritanian ouguiya are technically divided into five subunits (the iraimbilanja and khoum respectively) the coins display "1/5" on their face and are referred to as a "fifth" (Khoum/cinquième); These are not used in practice, but when written out, a single significant digit is used. E.g. 1.2 UM.
  4. Croatia and Macedonia issued their own currencies before the 1992 dinar entered circulation. Bosnia and Herzegovina issued their own currency when the 1992 dinar entered circulation.
  5. The numeric code for the German Mark was originally 280: it was changed to 276 on 16 April 1999.[36]

References

  1. "Current currency & funds code list – ISO Currency". SIX.
  2. "Current funds codes list – ISO Currency". SIX.
  3. "List of codes for historic denominations of currencies & funds – ISO Currency". SIX.
  4. "Currency Code Services – ISO 4217 Maintenance Agency". Retrieved 2013-03-25.
  5. "ISO 4217 AMENDMENT NUMBER 94" (PDF). ISO 4217 Maintenance Agency.
  6. OP/B.3/CRI, Publications Office -. "Publications Office — Interinstitutional style guide — 7.3.3. Rules for expressing monetary units". publications.europa.eu.
  7. The original document uses “hard space” NOT “fixed space” that is confusable. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-breaking_space#cite_note-1
  8. "Renminbi Services". The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
  9. "Unidad de valor real (UVR) – Banco de la República de Colombia" [Unit of Real Value (UVR)]. Banco de la República (in Spanish). Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  10. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 163" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2017-06-09.
  11. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 165" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2017-12-14.
  12. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 168" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2018-08-02. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  13. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 164" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2017-09-22.
  14. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 169" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  15. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 148" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2010-08-17.
  16. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 151" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  17. "The Order of Malta, A little history". Retrieved 2011-03-30.
  18. "China's currency: the RMB, CNY, CNH..." Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  19. "CNH vs CNY: Differences Between the Two Yuan". Nasdaq.
  20. "Taiwan launches offshore RMB". Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  21. "Currency Table: Euro (EUR)". XE.com. Newmarket, Ontario: XE.com Inc. 2019-08-10. Archived from the original on 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  22. Hammett, Mike (2001). Dictionary of International Trade Finance Terms. Canterbury: Financial World Publishing. p. 176. ISBN 978-085297-576-3. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  23. "Bank of Israel - Currency". www.boi.org.il.
  24. Efron, Arnoldo, ed. (2018). "Zimbabwe". MRI Bankers' Guide to Foreign Currency (90 ed.). Houston, Texas: Monetary Research Institute. p. 253. ISBN 978-0962933974.
  25. "EU Vocabularies, Currency". Publications Office of the European Union. 2020-06-24.
  26. "The Transaction Reporting User Manual (TRUM), Section 7.3 (Data fields for quantity and price reporting), Field 17 (Currency)". Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER).
  27. "TRADEcho PreTrade SI Quote FIX Specification" (PDF). London Stock Exchange.
  28. "GBP". Investopedia.
  29. "Currency Struct Reference, Member Enumeration Documentation". OnixS.
  30. "What are Currency Options" (PDF). Johannesburg Stock Exchange.
  31. "SIX Interbank ISO 4217: A controversial standard" (PDF).
  32. Reiff, Nathan. "The 10 Most Important Cryptocurrencies Other Than Bitcoin". Investopedia. Retrieved 2020-05-30.
  33. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 31" (PDF). 1990-03-26.
  34. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 125" (PDF). London: BSI Group. 2004-12-01.
  35. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 134" (PDF). London: BSI Group. 2006-10-25.
  36. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 102" (PDF). London: BSI Group. 1999-04-16. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  37. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 139" (PDF). London: BSI Group. 2007-06-18.
  38. "Greek drachma". BPstat. Lisbon: Banco de Portugal. 2010-10-15. Archived from the original on 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  39. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 50" (PDF). 1992-12-10.
  40. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 48" (PDF). 1992-10-29.
  41. Sammut, Joseph (March 2004). "Malta coins along the years". Coins of Malta. Archived from the original on 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  42. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 10" (PDF). BSI Group. 1985-01-23.
  43. "Current currency & funds code list". Swiss Association for Standardization. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
  44. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 158" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  45. "Banco Central del Uruguay – Cambios de Unidad Monetaria – 1° de julio de 1975". Archived from the original on 2018-07-16.
  46. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 157" (PDF). Zurich: SIX Interbank Clearing. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  47. "ISO 4217 Amendment Number 105" (PDF). London: BSI Group. 1999-11-12.
  48. "Bank of Zambia – Zambian Currency History". Archived from the original on 5 September 2006.
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