Himeji

Himeji (姫路市, Himeji-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. As of May 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 534,881, with 213,950 households and a population density of 1,000.84 persons per km2. The total area is 534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi).

Himeji

姫路市
Core city
Himeji Castle
Nada Fighting Festival, Engyō-ji
View from the castle, Ieshima, Mt. Seppiko
Flag
Emblem
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefecture
Himeji
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureHyōgo Prefecture
First official recordsed3rd century AD
City settledApril 1, 1889
Government
  MayorHideyasu Kiyomoto (from April 2019)
Area
  Total534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi)
Population
 (July 1, 2019)
  Total530,517
  Density992.68/km2 (2,571.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address4-1 Yasuda
670-8501
Websitewww.city.himeji.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdWhite Heron
FlowerPecteilis radiata
TreeEvergreen Oak

The city is surrounded by the mountains and the sea.

History

Himeji has been the center of Harima Province since the Nara period. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Ikeda Terumasa received a fief at Harima Province and established the Himeji Domain. He expanded Himeji Castle and its castle town.

Himeji was the capital of Himeji Prefecture (later Shikama Prefecture) from 1871, but the prefecture was merged into Hyōgo Prefecture in 1876. The city of Himeji was established on April 1, 1889. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the Japanese government reportedly considered moving the nation's capital from Tokyo to Himeji.

On March 27, 2006, the town of Yasutomi (from Shisō District), the town of Kōdera (from Kanzaki District), and the towns of Ieshima and Yumesaki (both from Shikama District) were merged into Himeji.

Air raid

During World War II, Himeji was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because it served as an important rail terminal and contained two large military zones. On July 3, 1945 at 4:23 PM (JST), 107 Aircraft took off to bomb Himeji. During the raid, 767 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Himeji, destroying 63.3% of the built up areas of the city.[1] However, the famous Himeji Castle remained remarkably unscathed, even with one firebomb being dropped on it.[2] This has resulted in many Himeji residents believing that the castle is divinely protected.

Climate

Himeji has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Summers are significantly wetter than winters.

Climate data for Himeji, Hyōgo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.2
(54.0)
18.2
(64.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
27.4
(81.3)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
19.6
(67.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.1
(39.4)
7.0
(44.6)
12.9
(55.2)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.5
(61.7)
10.9
(51.6)
5.7
(42.3)
14.6
(58.2)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.9
(35.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
6.0
(42.8)
1.0
(33.8)
10.0
(50.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.7
(1.52)
51.4
(2.02)
87.2
(3.43)
131.4
(5.17)
140.5
(5.53)
208.9
(8.22)
161.7
(6.37)
100.8
(3.97)
200.2
(7.88)
103.9
(4.09)
61.0
(2.40)
32.3
(1.27)
1,318
(51.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 68 69 71 76 78 75 76 74 74 73 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.4 129.8 160.8 172.6 197.0 148.1 164.5 198.1 144.0 158.1 143.5 146.1 1,908
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Mayors of Himeji City (1889Present)

Points of interest

Originally a castle town, Himeji is home to the Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For over 400 years, Himeji Castle has remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombing of Himeji in World War II and natural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and various typhoons.[4][5][6] Other attractions include the Engyō-ji temple, Mount Seppiko, Himeji Central Park (a safari park), the Himeji City Tegarayama Botanical Garden in Tegarayama Central Park and the Koko-en Garden.

Education

Himeji's education system is similar to other cities in Japan. In the city itself, there are roughly 20-30 foreigners who teach English at the local elementary and junior high schools in the JET program. The schools range from the islands of Boze and Ie all the way north past Yumesaki. A North Korean school, Seiban North Korean Elementary and Middle School (西播朝鮮初中級学校), can also be found in the city.[7]

International relations

Himeji is twinned or has sister city relationships with six international cities and two Japanese cities, as well as a sister castle located in France. Himeji has a particularly strong relationship with Phoenix, as teachers from America are able to teach English abroad for 1–2 years. Additionally, the Youth Ambassador Exchange Program allows for both Japanese and American high school students to experience the cultures and languages of their respective countries for 3 weeks.[8]

International

Japan

  • Matsumoto, in Nagano Prefecture
  • Tottori, capital city in Tottori Prefecture

Sister castle

Notable people from Himeji

  • Kuroda Kanbei (黒田 官兵衛) (1546–1604), famed strategist under Toyotomi Hideyoshi
  • Mikinosuke Kawaishi (川石 酒造之助) (1899–1969), judoka
  • Aya Matsuura (松浦 亜弥) (1986-), entertainer
  • Psycho le Cému (サイコ・ル・シェイム), visual kei rock band
  • Kenzō Takada (高田 賢三) (1939-2020), fashion designer
  • Tetsuro Watsuji (和辻 哲郎) (1889-1960), philosopher and historian
  • Masahisa Takenaka (竹中 正久) (1933-1985), the 4th kumicho of Yamaguchi-gumi, Japan's largest Yakuza syndicate

References

  1. 21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 247, 250, Ocr
  2. "David Millet".
  3. "Himeji Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  4. "A hilltop white heron 400 years old". The Daily Yomiuri. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  5. "Himeji Castle starts its renovation in April". Official Tourism Guide for Japan Travel. Archived from the original on March 24, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  6. "Himeji Castle". Japan Atlas. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  7. "Archived copy" ウリハッキョ一覧. Chongryon. Archived from the original on October 14, 2015. Retrieved October 14, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)().
  8. Sister Cities Archived 2014-07-12 at the Wayback Machine. City of Himeji. Retrieved August 24, 2008. (in Japanese)
  9. "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
  10. <ref> since October 2019

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