Grand Slam (tennis)

The Grand Slam tournaments, also referred to as majors, are the world's four most important annual tennis events. The tournaments offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men, which is 5. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open from late May to early June, Wimbledon in late June to early July, and the US Open in August–September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period.

The Australian and the United States tournaments are played on hard courts,[lower-alpha 1] the French on clay, and Wimbledon on natural grass.

Wimbledon is the oldest tournament, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. The French Championships was initially not considered a major prior to 1924–25, when all four became designated as Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors, particularly the Australian Open because of the travelling distance involved, the inconvenient dates close to Christmas and New Year, and the comparatively low prize money, was not uncommon for some players prior to 1982.[1]

Grand Slam tournaments are not operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) or the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), but by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).[2][3] However, the ATP and WTA do award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major.[4][5]

The term Grand Slam, without qualification, and also originally, refers to the notable achievement of winning all four major championships within a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners.[6][7][8]

Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not within the same calendar year is referred to as a non-calendar year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a career Grand Slam. Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam". Winning the year-end championship (known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines) in the same period is known as a "Super Slam". Together, all four majors in all three disciplines (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. To date, no player, male or female, has ever won all twelve events in one calendar year, though a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.

Tennis
  • Grand Slam tournaments
  • ATP
  • WTA
    • WTA Finals
    • WTA Premier tournaments
    • WTA International tournaments
    • WTA 125s
  • ITF Men's Circuit
  • ITF Women's Circuit
  • Wheelchair Tennis Masters
  • Summer Paralympics
  • Team tournaments
    • Summer Olympics
    • Davis Cup
    • Fed Cup
    • World Team Cup
    • Hopman Cup
Location of the four major tennis championships

Origin of the term "Grand Slam"

The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games (see also whist terms) is attested from early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century.[9] This use was inherited by contract bridge, a modern development of whist defined in 1925 that became very popular in Britain and America by 1930.

Tennis has a long history of adopting golf custom and Grand slam appears to have entered tennis not directly from card sport but via golf as it was used since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments. Although John Kieran of The New York Times is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year,[10] sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran.[11]

History

The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until 1924–25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French (before 1925 only open to members of French tennis clubs), British and American championship tournaments as the four majors. Before that time only three events: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (held in Paris and once in Brussels) and the World Covered Court Championships (held in various locations) were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF.[12] Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those earlier majors in one year: 1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since 1925. It was not possible from 1940 to 1945 because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from 1970 to 1985 when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and 1986 when there was no Australian Open at all.

Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm.[13] Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase (at 35 years old) and Björn Borg came just once. Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.[14] Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe.[15]

In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge, who completed the feat in 1938. To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles. Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines – once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.

The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with 18-year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage. Only Stefan Edberg has completed the Grand Slam in a Junior discipline.

Tournaments

Event Dates Venue Surface Current champion(s)
Men's Singles Women's Singles Men's Doubles Women's Doubles Mixed Doubles
Australian Open mid/late
January
Melbourne Park,
Melbourne
Hard Novak Djokovic Naomi Osaka Ivan Dodig
Filip Polášek
Elise Mertens
Aryna Sabalenka
Barbora Krejčíková
Rajeev Ram
French Open late May/
early June
Stade Roland Garros,
Paris
Clay Rafael Nadal Iga Świątek Kevin Krawietz
Andreas Mies
Tímea Babos
Kristina Mladenovic
Latisha Chan
Ivan Dodig
Wimbledon late June/
early July
All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club,
London
Grass Novak Djokovic Simona Halep Juan Sebastián Cabal
Robert Farah
Hsieh Su-wei
Barbora Strýcová
Latisha Chan
Ivan Dodig
US Open late August/
early September
USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center,
New York City
Hard Dominic Thiem Naomi Osaka Mate Pavić
Bruno Soares
Laura Siegemund
Vera Zvonareva
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Jamie Murray

Grand Slam tournament champions

Finals (Open Era only)
  • List of Open Era Grand Slam men's singles finals
  • List of Open Era Grand Slam women's singles finals

Grand Slam completion

Chronological

# Year Player Discipline Notes
1 1938 Don BudgeMen's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
2 1951 Ken McGregor
Frank Sedgman
Men's doublesPart of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Sedgman with John Bromwich and Ken McGregor
3 1953 Maureen ConnollyWomen's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
4 1960 Maria BuenoWomen's doublesWith Christine Truman and Darlene Hard
5 1962 Rod LaverMen's singles
6 1963 Margaret Court
Ken Fletcher
Mixed doublesPart of 6 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 7 consecutive titles for Court with Fred Stolle and Ken Fletcher
7 1965 Margaret CourtMixed doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with John Newcombe, Ken Fletcher and Fred Stolle
8 1967 Owen DavidsonMixed doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with Donna Floyd, Lesley Turner and Billie Jean King
9 1969 Rod LaverMen's singlesOnly player to complete the singles' Grand Slam twice
10 1970 Margaret CourtWomen's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
11 1983 Stefan EdbergBoys' singlesOnly Junior to complete a Grand Slam
12 1984 Martina Navratilova
Pam Shriver
Women's doublesPart of 8 consecutive titles
13 1988 Steffi GrafWomen's singlesPart of 5 consecutive titles
14 1998 Martina HingisWomen's doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with Mirjana Lučić, Jana Novotná and Anna Kournikova
15 2009 Esther Vergeer
Korie Homan
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 12 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Korie Homan, Jiske Griffioen and Maaike Smit
16 2011 Esther Vergeer
Sharon Walraven
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Sharon Walraven and Marjolein Buis
17 2013 Aniek van Koot
Jiske Griffioen
Women's wheelchair doubles
18 2014 Stéphane HoudetMen's wheelchair doublesWith Joachim Gérard and Shingo Kunieda
19 2014 Yui Kamiji
Jordanne Whiley
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles
20 2019 Diede de Groot
Aniek van Koot
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 7 consecutive titles for de Groot with Aniek van Koot and Yui Kamiji
22 2019 Dylan AlcottQuad wheelchair doublesPart of 6 consecutive titles with Heath Davidson, David Wagner and Andrew Lapthorne

Per player

PlayerGrand Slams
SinglesDoublesMixedTotal
Margaret Court
1
2
3
Rod Laver
2
2
Esther Vergeer (wheelchair tennis)
2
Aniek van Koot (wheelchair tennis)
2
Don Budge
1
1
Ken McGregor
1
Frank Sedgman
1
Maureen Connolly
1
Maria Bueno
1
Ken Fletcher
1
Owen Davidson
1
Stefan Edberg (junior tennis)
1
Martina Navratilova
1
Pam Shriver
1
Steffi Graf
1
Martina Hingis
1
Korie Homan (wheelchair tennis)
1
Sharon Walraven (wheelchair tennis)
1
Jiske Griffioen (wheelchair tennis)
1
Stéphane Houdet (wheelchair tennis)
1
Yui Kamiji (wheelchair tennis)
1
Jordanne Whiley (wheelchair tennis)
1
Diede de Groot (wheelchair tennis)
1
Dylan Alcott (wheelchair tennis)
1

Non-calendar year Grand Slam

Controversy over terminology

In 1982, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) began offering a $1 million bonus to any singles player to win four consecutive major titles, no matter the time of completion. Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council, "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",[16] and "European tennis journalists"[17] had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen. In a 1983 letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:

There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's only initiative in this matter has been the organisation of the offer of a bonus of $1m. to any player who holds all four Grand Slam titles simultaneously [...] In spite of all that we have read on this matter, it has never been my Committee of Management's intention to alter the basis of the classic Grand Slam i.e., the capture of all four titles in a year.

The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.[18]

Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in 1982, Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [...] If the four major tournaments want to offer a $1 million incentive for any player in the future who can sweep their titles—and such talks have been rumored—that bonus would be a welcome addition. But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game."[17] Despite seeming clarity from the ITF, some journalists suggested that the sport's organizing body had turned its back on history and changed the "rules" of tennis by redefining a Grand Slam. Such confusion continued for years. For instance, when Steffi Graf completed the Grand Slam in 1988, George Vecsey wrote, "Even the International Tennis Federation, which should have more respect for history, ruled in 1982 that winning any four straight majors constituted a Grand Slam—and offered a $1 million bonus for it [...] But many tennis people, and most writers, and probably most fans, too, did not accept the new rules, and the I.T.F. has dropped the gimmick."[19] Vecsey was only half right: the ITF dropped the "gimmick" of the cash bonus, but it had never changed any rules.

However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later. For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the 2011 Australian Open, one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'."[20] This was true until later in 2011, when the ITF edited the description to eliminate all confusion. As it now stands, "The Grand Slam titles are the championships of Australia, France, the United States of America and Wimbledon. Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'."[21]

When Martina Navratilova won the 1984 French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement. Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam.[22] Others simply noted the ongoing controversy: "Whether the Slam was Grand or Bland or a commercial sham tainted with an asterisk the size of a tennis ball, Martina Navratilova finally did it."[23] Although the ITF recognizes what is now unofficially known as the "non-calendar year Grand Slam" on its Roll of Honour, no subsequent player to win four or more majors in a row—Steffi Graf, Serena Williams, or Novak Djokovic—has received bonus prize money.

Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat (of being the reigning champion in all four majors) expands to 18.

Achievements and near misses

Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since 1970, with Navratilova taking six in a row in 1983–1984. On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon 2015 and the 2016 French Open. Prior to the Open Era, Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in 1938, but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the 1938 US Championships, giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments. The Bryan brothers (Bob and Mike) were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles.

Several players and teams came up one title short. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde, known collectively as The Woodies, reached the final of the 1997 French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek.

In singles, Pete Sampras lost the 1994 French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier, having won the previous three majors. Roger Federer in 2006 and 2007, and Novak Djokovic in 2012 repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal. In 2019 Novak Djokovic repeated this one more time, but lost in semifinal to Dominic Thiem. Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer, who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the 2011 Australian Open, which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles.

In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the 1992 Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf, having won the previous three majors. Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the 1998, but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal.

In women's doubles, Virginia Ruano Pascual and Paola Suárez had won three majors from US Open 2003 to the 2004 French Open, lost at the semifinals to Cara Black and Rennae Stubbs in the 2004 Wimbledon, and Sania Mirza together with Hingis had won from Wimbledon 2015 to the 2016 Australian Open, but lost in the third round of the 2016 French Open to Barbora Krejčíková and Kateřina Siniaková. In 2017, Bethanie Mattek-Sands and Lucie Šafářová had the chance to win four consecutive titles at Wimbledon, but withdrew from their scheduled second round match following an acute knee injury suffered by Mattek-Sands in the second round of the Ladies' Singles competition.

The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.

Men's singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
4 Novak Djokovic2015–16 2015 Wimbledon 2016 French Open

Women's singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
6 Martina Navratilova1983–84 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open
4 Steffi Graf1993–94 1993 French Open 1994 Australian Open
Serena Williams2002–03 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
2014–15 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
4 Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan
2012–13 2012 US Open 2013 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
6 Gigi Fernández
Natasha Zvereva
1992–93 1992 French Open1993 Wimbledon
5 Martina Navratilova1986–87 1986 French Open1987 French Open 1 with Andrea Temesvári and 4 with Pam Shriver
4 Louise Brough1949–50 1949 French Championships1950 Australian Championships 3 with Margaret Osborne duPont and 1 with Doris Hart
Pam Shriver1986–87 1986 Wimbledon1987 French Open4 with Martina Navratilova
Natasha Zvereva1996–97 1996 US Open1997 Wimbledon 3 with Gigi Fernández and 1 with Martina Hingis
Serena Williams
Venus Williams
2009–10 2009 Wimbledon2010 French Open

Mixed doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
4 Billie Jean King1967–68 1967 French Championships1968 Australian Championships 3 with Owen Davidson and 1 with Dick Crealy

Women's wheelchair singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
4 Diede de Groot2018–19 2018 Wimbledon2019 French Open

Quad wheelchair singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
5 Dylan Alcott2018–19 2018 Australian Open2019 WimbledonIn 2018 there were no Quad singles' draws at both the French Open and Wimbledon

Men's wheelchair doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
5 Stéphane Houdet2009–10 2009 French Open2010 French Open 2 with Michaël Jeremiasz, 2 with Shingo Kunieda and 1 with Stefan Olsson
4 Shingo Kunieda2014–15 2014 Wimbledon2015 French Open 3 with Stéphane Houdet and 1 with Gordon Reid

Career Grand Slam

The career achievement of winning all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format. Dozens of players have accomplished that (column two) and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format (column three). Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table (column three). Their achievements are tabulated below.

Career Grand Slams by displine
Discipline Numbers of players
Completed Career GSCompleted at least 2
Men's singles8 (2 Golden, 1 Super)2
Women's singles10 (2 Golden, 2 Super)5
Men's doubles24 (16 as teams)5 (2 as a team)
Women's doubles21 (12 as teams)8 (6 as teams)
Mixed doubles17 (7 as teams)4 (2 as teams)

Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play (rows one and two); among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles (column three). Since the beginning of the open era, five men (Rod Laver, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic) and six women (Margaret Court, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova) have achieved this.

Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Only six players have completed a Career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles: one male (Roy Emerson) and five female (Margaret Court, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry Irvin, Martina Navratilova, and Serena Williams). Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.

The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam. The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

Men's singles

Eight men have won all four major tournaments. Two among them (Rod Laver and Roy Emerson) also achieved a double career Slam. Originally, the Grand Slam tournaments were held on grass (Australian, Wimbledon, and US Open) and clay (French) and the first four players achieved their Career Grand Slams on two surfaces. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in 1975 and then to hard court in 1978. The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in 1988. The last four players (Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic) achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Fred Perry261934193519341933
2 Don Budge221938193819371937
3 Rod Laver241960196219611962
4 Roy Emerson271961196319641961
5 Andre Agassi291995199919921994
6 Roger Federer272004200920032004
7 Rafael Nadal242009200520082010
8 Novak Djokovic292008201620112011

Women's singles

Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets. Five women (Court, Evert, Navratilova, Graf, Williams) achieved at least two Career Grand Slams, three women (Court, Graf, Williams) have achieved three Career Grand Slams and Steffi Graf is the only player to achieve four Career Grand Slams.

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Maureen Connolly181953195319521951
2 Doris Hart281949195019511954
3 Shirley Fry Irvin291957195119561956
4 Margaret Court201960196219631962
5 Billie Jean King281968197219661967
6 Chris Evert271982197419741975
7 Martina Navratilova261981198219781983
8 Steffi Graf191988198719881988
9 Serena Williams212003200220021999
10 Maria Sharapova252008201220042006
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

In Men's Doubles, 24 players have won the Career Grand Slam, including sixteen who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Eight of the 24 men achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Men's Doubles, led by Roy Emerson and John Newcombe with triple Slams.

Individual

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Adrian Quist261936193519351939
2 Frank Sedgman231951195119481950
3 Ken McGregor221951195119511951
4 Lew Hoad211953195319531956
Ken Rosewall211953195319531956
6 Neale Fraser251957195819591957
7 Roy Emerson251962196019591959
8 Fred Stolle261963196519621965
9 John Newcombe231965196719651967
Tony Roche221965196719651967
11 / Bob Hewitt371963197219621977
12 John Fitzgerald281982198619891984
Anders Järryd271987198319891987
14 Jacco Eltingh271994199519981994
Paul Haarhuis321994199519981994
16 Todd Woodbridge291992200019931995
Mark Woodforde341992200019931989
18 Jonas Björkman321998200520022003
19 Bob Bryan282006200320062005
Mike Bryan282006200320062005
21 Daniel Nestor352002200720082004
22 Leander Paes382012199919992006
23 Pierre-Hugues Herbert272019201820162015
Nicolas Mahut372019201820162015

Team

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Frank Sedgman
Ken McGregor
24
23
1951195119511951
2 Ken Rosewall
Lew Hoad
22
21
1953195319531956
3 Neale Fraser
Roy Emerson
28
25
1962196019591959
4 John Newcombe
Tony Roche
23
24
1965196719651967
5 Jacco Eltingh
Paul Haarhuis
28
32
1994199519981994
6 The Woodies
(Mark Woodforde
Todd Woodbridge)
34
29
1992200019931995
7 Bryan brothers
(Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan)
28
28
2006200320062005
8 Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Nicolas Mahut
27
37
2019201820162015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Women's doubles

At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.

Individual

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Louise Brough Clapp271950194619461942
2 Doris Hart261949195119511951
3 Shirley Fry Irvin301957195019511951
4 Maria Bueno201960196019581960
5 Margaret Court221961196419641963
Lesley Turner Bowrey211964196419641961
7 Judy Tegart Dalton321964196619691970
8 / Martina Navratilova231980197519761977
9 Kathy Jordan211981198019801981
Anne Smith211981198019801981
11 Pam Shriver211982198419811983
12 Helena Suková251990199019871985
13 Gigi Fernández281993199119921988
/ Natasha Zvereva211993198919911991
15 / Jana Novotná251990199019891994
16 Martina Hingis171997199819961998
17 Serena Williams192001199920001999
Venus Williams202001199920001999
19 Lisa Raymond332000200620012001
20 Sara Errani272013201220142012
Roberta Vinci312013201220142012

Team

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Judy Tegart Dalton
Margaret Court
32
27
1969196619691970
2 Anne Smith
Kathy Jordan
21
21
1981198019801981
3 Martina Navratilova
Pam Shriver
28
21
1982198419821983
4 Gigi Fernández
Natasha Zvereva
28
21
1993199219921992
5 Williams sisters
(Serena Williams
Venus Williams)
19
20
2001199920001999
6 Roberta Vinci
Sara Errani
31
27
2013201220142012
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Mixed doubles

At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen. The two other teams which won all four events are Doris Hart with Frank Sedgman, and Martina Hingis with Leander Paes. Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam.

Individual

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Jean Borotra291928192719251926
2 Doris Hart261949195119511951
Frank Sedgman211949195119511951
4 Margaret Court201963196319631961
5 Ken Fletcher231963196319631963
6 Owen Davidson231965196719671966
7 Billie Jean King241968196719671967
8 Marty Riessen331969196919751969
9 Bob Hewitt391961197019771979
10 Todd Woodbridge241993199219941990
11 Mark Woodforde271992199519931992
12 / Martina Navratilova462003197419851985
13 Daniela Hantuchová222002200520012005
14 Mahesh Bhupathi292006199720021999
15 Cara Black302010200220042008
16 Leander Paes422003201619992008
Martina Hingis352006201620152015

Team

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Doris Hart
Frank Sedgman
21
26
1949195119511951
2 Ken Fletcher
Margaret Court
23
21
1963196319631963
3 Margaret Court
Marty Riessen
32
33
1969196919751969
4 Leander Paes
Martina Hingis
42
35
2015201620152015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Boys' singles

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Stefan Edberg171983198319831983

Boys' doubles

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1 Mark Kratzmann171984198319831983

Women's wheelchair singles

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Diede de Groot (NED)222018201920172018

Quad wheelchair singles

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Dylan Alcott (AUS)282015201920192015

Individual

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Shingo Kunieda (JPN)242007200820062007
2  Stéphane Houdet (FRA)402010200720092009
3  Maikel Scheffers (NED)282011200820112010
4  Michaël Jeremiasz (FRA)322013200920092005
5  Nicolas Peifer (FRA)252016201120152011
6  Gordon Reid (GBR)252017201520162015
7  Alfie Hewett (GBR)222020202020162017

Team

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Shingo Kunieda (JPN)
 Stéphane Houdet (FRA)
30
44
2010201020132014
2  Gordon Reid (GBR)
 Alfie Hewett (GBR)
29
22
2020202020162017

Individual

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Esther Vergeer (NED)272004200720092005
 Korie Homan (NED)292009200920092005
3  Sharon Walraven (NED)402011201020102010
4  Jiske Griffioen (NED)272006200820122006
5  Aniek van Koot (NED)232010201320122013
6  Yui Kamiji (JPN)202014201420142014
 Jordanne Whiley (GRB)222014201420142014
7  Diede de Groot (NED)222019201820182017

Team

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Esther Vergeer (NED)
 Korie Homan (NED)
27
22
2009200920092005
2  Esther Vergeer (NED)
 Sharon Walraven (NED)
29
40
2011201120102010
3  Aniek van Koot (NED)
 Jiske Griffioen (NED)
23
28
2013201320122013
4  Jordanne Whiley (GRB)
 Yui Kamiji (JPN)
22
20
2014201420142014
5  Aniek van Koot (NED)
 Diede de Groot (NED)
29
22
2019201820192019

Quad wheelchair doubles

#PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
1  Dylan Alcott (AUS)282018201920192019

Most consecutive Grand Slam tournament titles

Men's singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
6 Don Budge1937 Wimbledon1938 U.S. Championships

Women's singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
6 Maureen Connolly1952 Wimbledon1953 U.S. Championships
Margaret Court1969 US Open1971 Australian Open
Martina Navratilova1983 Wimbledon1984 US Open
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
8 Frank Sedgman1950 U.S. Championships1952 Wimbledon

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
7 Frank Sedgman
Ken McGregor
1951 Australian Championships1952 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
8 Martina Navratilova
Pam Shriver
1983 Wimbledon1985 French Open

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
7 Margaret Court1962 US Championships1964 French Championships

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
6 Margaret Court
Ken Fletcher
1963 Australian Championships1964 French Championships

Men's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
13 Shingo Kunieda2007 Australian Open2011 Australian Open

Women's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
11 Esther Vergeer2005 US Open2009 US Open

Quad wheelchair singles

Until 2019, there were no wheelchair quad draws on both French Open and Wimbledon.

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
5 Peter Norfolk2007 US Open2010 Australian Open
Dylan Alcott2018 Australian Open2019 Wimbledon

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
5 Stéphane Houdet 2009 French Open2010 French Open
2014 Australian Open2015 Australian Open

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
3 Stéphane Houdet
Shingo Kunieda
2014 Wimbledon2015 Australian Open

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
12 Esther Vergeer2005 US Open2009 US Open

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
7 Esther Vergeer
Sharon Walraven
2010 Wimbledon2012 Australian Open

Quad wheelchair doubles

Until 2019, there were no wheelchair quad draws on both French Open and Wimbledon.

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
9 David Wagner2013 Australian Open2017 US Open

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
6 Nick Taylor
David Wagner
2007 US Open2010 US Open

Most consecutive Grand Slam singles finals

Men

Cons.
finals
PlayerFromTo
10 Roger Federer 2005 Wimbledon Championships 2007 US Open
8 2008 French Open 2010 Australian Open
7 Jack Crawford 1933 Australian Championships 1934 Wimbledon Championships
6 Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon Championships 1938 U.S. Championships
Rod Laver 1961 Wimbledon Championships 1962 U.S. Championships
Novak Djokovic 2015 Australian Open 2016 French Open
5 Fred Perry 1934 Wimbledon Championships 1935 Wimbledon Championships
Frank Sedgman 1951 U.S. Championships 1952 U.S. Championships
Fred Stolle 1964 Wimbledon Championships 1965 Wimbledon Championships
Rafael Nadal 2011 French Open 2012 French Open
4 Lew Hoad 1956 Australian Championships 1956 U.S. Championships
Rod Laver 1969 Australian Open 1969 US Open
Andre Agassi 1999 French Open 2000 Australian Open
Novak Djokovic 2011 Wimbledon Championships 2012 French Open

Women

Cons.
finals
PlayerFromTo
13 Steffi Graf 1987 French Open 1990 French Open
11 Martina Navratilova 1985 French Open 1987 US Open
6 Maureen Connolly 1952 Wimbledon Championships 1953 US Championships
Margaret Court 1969 US Open 1971 Australian Open
Martina Navratilova 1983 Wimbledon Championships 1984 US Open
Chris Evert 1984 French Open 1985 Wimbledon Championships
/ Monica Seles 1991 US Open 1993 Australian Open
5 Margaret Court 1963 Wimbledon Championships 1964 Wimbledon Championships
1965 Australian Championships 1966 Australian Championships
Steffi Graf 1993 Australian Open 1994 Australian Open
Martina Hingis 1997 Australian Open 1998 Australian Open
4 Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 1915 U.S. Championships 1918 U.S. Championships
Pauline Betz Addie 1941 U.S. Championships 1944 U.S. Championships
Maria Bueno 1964 French Championships 1965 Australian Championships
Hana Mandlíková 1980 US Open 1981 Wimbledon Championships
Martina Navratilova 1981 US Open 1982 Wimbledon Championships
Chris Evert 1982 Wimbledon Championships 1983 French Open
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 1994 US Open 1995 Wimbledon Championships
Serena Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
Venus Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
Justine Henin 2006 Australian Open 2006 US Open
Serena Williams 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon Championships

Most Grand Slam singles titles without a loss

Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the 1924 U.S. Championships and extending to the 1933 Wimbledon Championships (not counting her defaults in the 1926 French and Wimbledon Championships). During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.S. Championships. She also won the 1924 Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships.

Most Grand Slam mixed doubles titles without a loss

Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the 1951 French Championships and extending to the 1955 U.S. Championships. During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U.S. Championships.

Most Grand Slam titles across all disciplines in a year

In 1965, Margaret Court won a record nine titles out of twelve available to a player in the same year: the singles, doubles and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam tournaments. In 1985, Martina Navratilova reached Finals in all Grand Slam events held that year, equaling the record of eleven final appearances set by Court in 1963 and repeated a year later.

Only twelve unique players (nine women and three men) have won at least six major championships in one calendar year.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.
Titles Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
9 Margaret Court (3) 1965 W W W1 F W W W 3R W W A W
8 Don Budge 1938 W SF QF W F A W W W W W W
Frank Sedgman 1951 SF W A SF W W QF W W W W W
Frank Sedgman (2) 1952 F W A F W W W W W W F W
Margaret Court 1963 W W W QF F W W F W F W W
Margaret Court (4) 1969 W W W1 W F W SF W SF W F W
7 Doris Hart 1951 A A A F W W W W W SF W W
Doris Hart (2) 1952 A A A W W W QF W W F W W
Margaret Court (2) 1964 W F W W W W F W F 4R F W
Billie Jean King 1967 A A A QF QF W W W W W W W
Margaret Court (5) 1970 W W NH W SF SF W SF 2R W W W
Martina Navratilova (2) 1984 SF W NH W W A W W QF W W A
Martina Navratilova (3) 1985 W W NH F W W W F W F F W
6 Suzanne Lenglen 1925 A A A W W W W W W A A A
Alice Marble 1939 A A A A A A W W W W W W
Louise Brough 1950 W W SF SF F A W W W 3R W 3R
Doris Hart (3) 1953 A A A F W W F W W F W W
Lew Hoad 1956 W W A W F 2R W W A F W F
Maria Bueno 1960 QF W SF SF W W W W F F W F
Darlene Hard 1960 A A A W W SF QF W W W W QF
Margaret Court (6) 1973 W W NH W W A SF QF A W W F
Martina Navratilova 1983 W W NH 4R A A W W A W W A
Martina Navratilova (4) 1987 F W SF F W QF W QF A W W W

1 Margaret Court's 1965 and 1969 Australian mixed doubles titles were unplayed finals.

Golden Slam

Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics to the 1924 Games, then was dropped for the next 64 years (except as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984) before returning in 1988. A "Golden (Grand) Slam" consists of winning the four major tournament as well as a gold medal in the Olympics in the same year. As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before 1925, none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between 1896 and 1924 had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam. However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the 1920 Olympics or 1924 Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from 1925 onwards. The term Golden Slam (initially "Golden Grand Slam") was coined in 1988.[24]

Only one player has completed the (calendar year) Golden Slam in a single season:[25][26]

Steffi Graf (1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open, and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Non-calendar year Golden Slam

Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam".[27] Only Bob and Mike Bryan have achieved this by winning the 2012 Olympics, 2012 US Open, 2013 Australian Open, 2013 French Open and 2013 Wimbledon Championships. After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam".[28]

Career Golden Slam

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal (or a Paralympic gold medal) during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam. The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

# Player Discipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics
1 Pam ShriverWomen's doubles19821984198119831988
2 Steffi GrafWomen's singles19881987198819881988
3 Gigi FernándezWomen's doubles19931991199219881992
4 Andre AgassiMen's singles19951999199219941996
5 Todd WoodbridgeMen's doubles19922000199319921996
Mark Woodforde
7 Serena WilliamsWomen's doubles20011999200019992000
Venus Williams
9 Shingo KuniedaMen's wheelchair doubles20072008200620072004
10 Daniel NestorMen's doubles20022007200820042000
11 Korie HomanWomen's wheelchair doubles20092009200920052008
Esther VergeerWomen's wheelchair doubles20042007200920052000
13 Stéphane HoudetMen's wheelchair doubles20102007200920092008
14 Rafael NadalMen's singles20092005200820102008
15 Sharon WalravenWomen's wheelchair doubles20112011201020102008
16 Bob BryanMen's doubles20062003200620052012
Mike Bryan
18 Serena WilliamsWomen's singles20032002200219992012
19 Michaël JeremiaszMen's wheelchair doubles20132009200920052008
20 Aniek van KootWomen's wheelchair doubles20102013201220132016
Jiske GriffioenWomen's wheelchair doubles20062008201220062016
22 Nicolas PeiferMen's wheelchair doubles20162011201520112016
23 Dylan AlcottQuad wheelchair singles20152019201920152016
24 Dylan AlcottQuad wheelchair doubles20182019201920192016

Super Slam

Soon after the Open Era began in 1968, the new professional tours each held a year-end championship (YEC), which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season. The subsequent return of tennis to the Olympics in 1988 gave rise to the notion of a Super Slam as a combination of Golden Slam and YEC title.[29][30][31] Eligible YECs are currently called the ATP Finals for men, WTA Finals for women, and the Wheelchair Tennis Masters.

No player has ever completed the Super Slam in a single season.

Non-calendar year Super Slam

Only one player has completed the Super Slam in a period of twelve months:

Steffi Graf (1987 Virginia Slims Championships (YEC), 1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Career Super Slam

  • The event at which the Career Super Slam was achieved indicated in bold below:
#PlayerDiscipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics Year-end
1 Pam ShriverWomen's doubles198219841981198319881981
2 Steffi GrafWomen's singles198819871988198819881987
3 Gigi FernándezWomen's doubles199319911992198819921993
4 Andre AgassiMen's singles199519991992199419961990
5 Todd WoodbridgeMen's doubles199220001993199219961992
Mark Woodforde
7 Daniel NestorMen's doubles200220072008200420002007
8 Esther VergeerWomen's wheelchair doubles200420072009200520002001
Korie HomanWomen's wheelchair doubles200920092009200520082004
10 Stéphane HoudetMen's wheelchair doubles201020072009200920082006
11 Sharon WalravenWomen's wheelchair doubles201120112010201020082010
12 Bob BryanMen's doubles200620032006200520122003
Mike Bryan
14 Serena WilliamsWomen's singles200320022002199920122001
15 Shingo KuniedaMen's wheelchair doubles200720082006200720042012
16 Michaël JeremiaszMen's wheelchair doubles201320092009200520082008
17 Aniek van KootWomen's wheelchair doubles201020132012201320162012
Jiske GriffioenWomen's wheelchair doubles200620082012200620162004
19 Nicolas PeiferMen's wheelchair doubles201620112015201120162016
20 Dylan AlcottQuad wheelchair singles201520192019201520162018

Three major tournament titles in a year

Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Jack Crawford, Lew Hoad, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams won the first three events, but lost the last grand slam tournament.[lower-alpha 2] Crawford, an asthmatic, won two of the first three sets of the 1933 U.S. Championships final against Fred Perry, then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.[32] Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.[33] Notwithstanding year when the US Open did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.

Note 1: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.[34] Note 3: Notwithstanding year when the US Open wheelchair events did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Four major tournament finals in a year

Players who have played in all four Grand Slam tournament finals in the same year.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.

Triple Crown

The Triple Crown refers to winning the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles titles at one event, in the same week.[35][36][37] This has become an increasingly rare accomplishment in the sport, partly because the final matches in all three disciplines often likely take place concurrently in the same day, and not in separate days. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.

Notes:

  • This list excludes the 1909 Triple Crown of Jeanne Matthey at Roland Garros and the 1920, 1921, 1922 and 1923 Triple Crown wins of Suzanne Lenglen at Roland Garros. The French Championship tennis tournament at the time was a domestic competition not recognized as an international major. At the time the major clay court event (actual precursor of the French Open in its current international format) was the World Hard Court Championships, where Suzanne Lenglen also attained a Triple Crown in 1921 and 1922.
  • Also the 1941 triple championship of Alice Weiwers isn't listed due to its disputed official status: French major championships held in Vichy France from 1941 to 1945 aren't currently recognized by the Fédération Française de Tennis.

Boxed Set

Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles – which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year. This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years.

Career Boxed Set

The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title (singles, doubles, mixed) over the course of an entire career. No male player has completed this, although Frank Sedgman only missed out on the French Open singles title, having reached the final in 1952. Men who participate in top/elite level singles have played comparatively few doubles, and very few mixed doubles. So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:

  • The event at which the boxed set was achieved indicated in bold below
Boxed SetsPlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
SinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixed
2
Margaret Court22196019611963196219641963196319641963196219631961
26196119621964196419651964196519691965196519681962
1
Doris Hart29194919501949195019481951195119471951195419511951
Martina Navratilova46198119802003198219751974197819761985198319771985

Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era, and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:

PlayerAgeAustralian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
SinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixed
Margaret Court31196919691969196919731969197019691968196919681969

Martina Hingis was the most recent player to be one title away from joining this elite group. She only needed the French Open singles, having reached the final in 1997 and 1999.[38] Prior to Hingis, it was Billie Jean King who came close at completing a career boxed set. She only needed the Australian Open women's doubles title, having reached the final in 1965 and 1969.

Multiple Career Grand Slams

Of the many players who have managed to win a full set of four majors, there is a small number who have gone on to win all four majors a second or more times. The completion of "Multiple Career Grand Slams" or sometimes called "Multiple Slam Sets" (MSS) has been achieved by only 22 unique players up to the end of the 2015 Wimbledon. MSS players can be found in each of the five tennis disciplines: men's or women's singles, men's or women's doubles, mixed doubles. It can also be found in women's wheelchair doubles. Of these, five players have completed MSS in more than one discipline: Roy Emerson, Martina Navratilova, Frank Sedgman and Serena Williams have MSS in two disciplines, Margaret Court has MSS in three disciplines.

By discipline (numbers of players and table entries)

  • Men's Singles (2 people; 2 entries)
  • Women's Singles (5 people; 9 entries)
  • Men's Doubles (8 people; 10 entries)
  • Women's Doubles (9 people; 17 entries)
  • Mixed Doubles (4 people, 6 entries)
  • Men's Wheelchair Doubles (3 people; 4 entries)
  • Women's Wheelchair Doubles (4 people; 6 entries)

Men's singles

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
2 Roy Emerson11961196319641961
21963196719651964
2 Rod Laver11960196219611962
21962196919621969

Women's singles

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
4/ Steffi Graf11988198719881988
21989198819891989
31990199319911993
41994199519921995
3 Margaret Court11960196219631962
21961196419651965
31962196919701969
3 Serena Williams12003200220021999
22005201320032002
32007201520092008
2 Martina Navratilova11981198219781983
21983198419791984
2 Chris Evert11982197419741975
21984197519761976

Individual

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
3 Roy Emerson11962196019591959
21966196119611960
31969196219711965
3 John Newcombe11965196719651967
21967196919661971
31971197319681973
2 Frank Sedgman11951195119481950
21952195219511951
2 Neale Fraser11957195819591957
21958196019611960
2 Fred Stolle11963196519621965
21964196819641966
2 Ken Rosewall11953195319531956
21956196819561969
2 Bob Bryan12006200320062005
22007201320112008
2 Mike Bryan12006200320062005
22007201320112008

Teams

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
2 Bryan brothers
(Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan)
12006200320062005
22007201320112008

Individual

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
7/ Martina Navratilova11980197519761977
21982198219791978
31983198419811980
41984198519821983
51985198619831984
61987198719841986
71988198819861987
4 Pam Shriver11982198419811983
21983198519821984
31984198719831986
41985198819841987
3/ Natasha Zvereva11993198919911991
21994199219921992
31997199319931995
2 Margaret Court11961196419641963
21962196519691968
2 Gigi Fernández11993199119921988
21994199219931990
2/ Jana Novotná11990199019891994
21995199119901997
2 Serena Williams12001199920001999
22003201020022009
2 Venus Williams12001199920001999
22003201020022009
2 Martina Hingis11997199819961998
21998200019982015

Teams

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
4/ Martina Navratilova
Pam Shriver
11982198419811983
21983198519821984
31984198719831986
41985198819841987
2 Gigi Fernández
/ Natasha Zvereva
11993199219921992
21994199319931995
2 Williams sisters
(Serena Williams
Venus Williams)
12001199920001999
22003201020022009

Individual

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
4 Margaret Court11963196319631961
21964196419651962
31965196519661963
41969196919681964
2 Doris Hart11949195119511951
21950195219521952
2 Frank Sedgman11949195119511951
21950195219521952
2 Mahesh Bhupathi12006199720021999
22009201220052005

Teams

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
2 Doris Hart
Frank Sedgman
11949195119511951
21950195219521952

Men's wheelchair doubles

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
3 Stéphane Houdet (FRA)12010200720092009
22014200920132011
32015201020142014
3 Gordon Reid (GBR)12017201520162015
22020201620172017
32021202020182018
2 Shingo Kunieda (JPN)12007200820062007
22008201020132014

Individual

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
3 Esther Vergeer (NED)12004200720092005
22006200820102006
32007200920112007
3 Aniek van Koot (NED)12010201020122013
22013201320132015
32017201520192019
3 Yui Kamiji (JPN)12014201420142014
22015201620152018
32016201720162020
2 Jiske Griffioen (NED)12006200820122006
22007201320132007
2 Jordanne Whiley (GBR)12014201420142014
22015201620152020
2 Diede de Groot (NED)12019201820182017
22021201920192018

Teams

Nº of Slam setsNameSlam set #Australian OpenFrench OpenWimbledonUS Open
2 Aniek van Koot (NED)
 Jiske Griffioen (NED)
12013201320122013
22017201520132015
2 Jordanne Whiley (GBR)
 Yui Kamiji (JPN)
12014201420142014
22015201620152020

Pro Slam

Before the Open Era began in 1968, only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four majors. Many male top players "went pro" in order to win prize money legally, competing on a professional world tour comprising completely different events.[39] From 1927 to 1967, the three oldest pro events were considered "majors" of the pro tour: the U.S. Pro Tennis Championships, French Pro Championship and Wembley Championships.[40][41] A player who won all three in a calendar year was considered to achieve a "Professional Grand Slam", or "Pro Slam".[40][41] The feat was accomplished twice:

Ken Rosewall in 1963;[42]
Rod Laver in 1967.[43]

Three other players won those three major trophies during their pro careers: Ellsworth Vines, Hans Nüsslein and Don Budge. The pro slams did not have a women's draw.[44]

See also

  • List of Grand Slam related tennis records
  • Lists of tennis records and statistics

Notes

  1. The Australian Open is played on Plexicushion while the US Open is played on DecoTurf.
  2. In 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was the last event held, rather than the first.

References

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  2. "About The ITF". fedcup.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. Ginsburg, Yeshayahu (5 March 2014). "Why Indian Wells Is Almost (But Not Quite) a Fifth Slam". tennisviewmag.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
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  5. Clarey, Christopher (2 November 2012). "At Year's End, a Final Tennis Showdown for Top Men". nytimes.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
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  7. Grandslamhistory.com "STATS". Grand Slam History Reference Book (grandslamhistory.com). Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  8. Crowe, Jerry (22 May 1994). LA Times "Return to Grand Slam Glory: Rod Laver Was the Last Man to Sweep Four Major Titles and Thinks It Can Be Done Again". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
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  10. Martin, John (12 September 2017). "Writings Offer Encyclopedic Insight on Winners of Grand Slams." The New York Times p. SP8. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  11. Gould, Alan (18 July 1933). "Sports Slants: {subsection} Tennis 'Grand Slam' ". The Reading Eagle (Reading, Pennsylvania). p. 10. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
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