Ghana national football team

The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in men's international football and has done so since the 1950s. The team consists of twenty players including the technical team.[5] The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is governed by the Ghana Football Association, the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa (founded in 1920). Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast. The team represents both FIFA and CAF.

Ghana
Nickname(s)Black Stars
AssociationGhana Football Association (GFA)
ConfederationCAF (Africa)
Sub-confederationWAFU (West Africa)
Head coachCharles Akonnor
CaptainAndré Ayew
Most capsAsamoah Gyan (109)
Top scorerAsamoah Gyan (51)
FIFA codeGHA
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 49 (27 May 2021)[1]
Highest14 (February 2008, April–May 2008)
Lowest89 (June 2004)
First international
 Gold Coast and British Togoland
1–0 Nigeria 
(Accra, British Gold Coast; 28 May 1950)
Biggest win
Nyasaland 0–12 Ghana [2]
(Malawi; 12 December 1965)[2][3]
Nyasaland 0–12 Gold Coast 
(Malawi; 15 October 1962)
Biggest defeat
 Brazil 8–2 Ghana 
(São José do Rio Preto, Brazil; 27 March 1996)[4]
World Cup
Appearances3 (first in 2006)
Best resultQuarter-finals (2010)
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances23 (first in 1963)
Best resultChampions (1963, 1965, 1978, 1982)
African Nations Championship
Appearances3 (first in 2009)
Best resultRunners-up (2009, 2014)

Although the team qualified for the senior FIFA World Cup for the first time in 2006, they had qualified for four Olympic Games Football Tournaments when the tournament qualifiers was still a full senior national team competition for African teams; their best achievement was the third position at the 1992 Summer Olympics. The team has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times[6] (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982) and has been runner-up five times (in 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, and 2015). After going through 2005 unbeaten, the Ghana national football team won the FIFA Best Mover of the Year Award and reached the second round of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. At the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, they became only the third African team to reach the World Cup quarter-finals, and in 2014 they competed in their third consecutive World Cup.

History

20th century

Black Stars members in the 1960s pose with some of Ghana's successive international football trophies won.

The Gold Coast Football Association was founded in 1920, succeeded by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) in 1957, which affiliated to Confederation of African Football and FIFA the following year.

On 19 August 1962 at the Accra Sports Stadium, the Black Stars played Spanish giants Real Madrid, who were at the time Spanish champions, former European champions and intercontinental champions, and drew 3–3.[7]

Charles Kumi Gyamfi became coach in 1961, and the Black Stars won successive African Cup of Nations titles, in 1963 and 1965, and achieved their record win, 13–2 away to Kenya, shortly after the second of these. They also reached the final of the tournament in 1968 and 1970, losing 1–0 on each occasion, to DR Congo and Sudan respectively. Their domination of this tournament earned the Black Stars team the nicknames of "the Black Stars of West Africa" and "the Black Stars of Africa" in the 1960s.[8]

The team had no success in FIFA World Cup qualification during this era, and failed to qualify for three successive African Cup of Nations in the 1970s, but qualified for the Olympic Games football tournaments, becoming the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to qualify for the Games,[9] reaching the quarter-finals in 1964 and withdrawing after qualifying in 1976 and 1980, later winning the 1982 African cup of nations. After three failures to reach the tournament final, the 1992 African Cup of Nations saw the Black Stars finish second.

21st century

Black Stars Continuum

Prior to the year 2000, disharmony among the squad which eventually led to parliamentary and executive intervention to settle issues between two squad members, Abedi Pele and Anthony Yeboah in the late 1990s, may have played some part in the failure of the team to build on the successes of the national underage teams in the late 1990s, but a new generation of Black Stars players who went to the 2001 FIFA World Youth Championship final became the core of the team at the 2002 African Cup of Nations, and were undefeated for a year in 2005 and reached the finals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the first time the team had reached the global stage of the tournament. The Black Stars started by succumbing to a 2–0 defeat to eventual champions Italy, but wins over the Czech Republic (2–0) and the United States (2–1) saw them through to the second round, where they lost 3–0 to Brazil.[10]

Black Stars squad line-up prior to match

In 2008, Ghana reached a high ranking of 14 according to the FIFA World Rankings. The Black Stars went on to secure a 100 percent record in their qualification campaign, winning the group and becoming the first African team to qualify for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. In the final tournament, the team competed in Group D with Germany, Serbia and Australia. Ghana reached the round of 16 where they played the United States, winning 2–1 in extra time to become the third African nation to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. The team then lost to Uruguay in a penalty shootout in the quarter-finals, having missed a penalty kick in extra time after a certain goal was prevented by Luis Suárez's deliberate handball, who was then shown a red card for his actions.[11]

In 2013 Ghana became the only team in Africa to reach four consecutive semi-finals of the CAF Africa Cup of Nations twice, from 1963 and 1970 and from 2008 and 2013.[12]

Ghana was sufficiently highly ranked by FIFA to start their qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in the Second round. They won the group, and in the following round qualified for the 2014 World Cup finals in November 2013, beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in a two-legged play-off.[13] Ghana was drawn in Group G for the finals, where they faced Germany, Portugal, and the United States.[14] The World Cup finals ended up in disappointment as Ghana exited in the group stages with issues of poor planning and payment bonuses being blamed for the poor performance, although they did manage a 2–2 draw with Germany, who ended up winning the competition. Ghana was the only team to not lose to Germany in the tournament.

Team image

Kits and crest

Ghana home shirt: 1970s–1980s

The black star is present on the Flag of Ghana and national coat of arms in the centre of the national crest. Adopted following the independence of Ghana in 1957, the black star has always been included in its kits. The

Ghana national football team (Black Stars) badge and national anthem

Black Stars' kits were sponsored by Puma SE from 2005, with the deal ending in 2014.[15]

The Black Star kit is used instead of the original gold, green, and red coloured football kit based on the colours of the Ghana national flag. The Black Stars have used an all-white and partly black football kit which was worn from the years 1957 to 1989 and again from 2006 until December 2014.

Between 1990 and 2006 the Ghana national three team used the kit in the colours of the national flag of Ghana, with gold, green and red used extensively, as in the team's crest and also known as the Pan-African colours. The gold with green and red kit concept and design was also used in the sixties and seventies, and designed with gold and green vertical stripes and red shoulders. An all black second kit was introduced in 2008 and in 2015, Black Stars' gold-red-green coloured kit and all black coloured kit is to be reassigned to the position of 1st and 2nd kits following the induction of a brown with blue and gold coloured Black Stars 3rd kit in 2012.[16][17]

The Ghana national football team's football kit for the 2014 FIFA World Cup was ranked as the best kit of the tournament by BuzzFeed.[18]

Black Stars 2008 Africa Cup of Nations 1st and 2nd kits

Kit suppliers

Kit supplier Period
Erima1991–1992
Adidas1992–2000
Kappa2000–2005
Puma2005–present

Grounds and training grounds

Kumasi Sports Stadium
Lizzy Sports Complex

There is an unknown home stadium for the Black Stars. World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches have been played at the Essipong Stadium and Sekondi-Takoradi Stadium in Sekondi-Takoradi, the Len Clay Stadium, Kumasi Sports Stadium and Abrankese Stadium in Kumasi, the Cape Coast Sports Stadium in Cape Coast, the Accra Sports Stadium in the Accra and the Tamale Stadium in Tamale. Some smaller, regional stadia (stadiums) were also used in the 2002 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying and 2004 African Cup of Nations qualification qualifying campaigns.

The Black Stars' training facilities and training grounds are located at Agyeman Badu Stadium, Berekum Sports Stadium in Brong-Ahafo, the Tema Sports Stadium in Tema and the multi-functional Lizzy Sports Complex in Legon.[19]

Media coverage

83 percent of the Ghanaian people are Akan-speakers, and about 21 percent are English-speakers; match schedules of the Black Stars are broadcast both in English as in the case of inter-continental matches and in Akan nationally by Adom TV, PeaceFM, AdomFM and HappyFM. During the scheduled qualification for the 2014 World Cup national broadcaster GTV, a sub-division of the Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC), broadcast to the Ghanaian public home qualifiers with away qualifiers broadcast by the satellite television broadcasting corporation Viasat 1. The friendly match against Turkey in August 2013 was televised by Viasat 1 and the qualifiers for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2018 Inter-Continental Championships are scheduled for public broadcast by the corporations GFA TV, GBC and Viasat 1.[20]

Organization and finance

The Black Stars as it stands now has no official head because of corrupt practices by the then president, Kwesi Nyantakyi.[21] and vice-president George Afriyie,[22] with Frank Davis as director of football, and Edward Bawa as treasurer.[23] The Ghana Football Association (GFA) signed a CN¥92.2 million (US$15 million) deal with Ghanaian state-run oil and gas exploration corporation, Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC), to sponsor the Black Stars and the renewable contract saw the oil and gas exploration corporation become the global headline sponsor of the Black Stars, with a yearly Black Stars player salary wage bill,[24][25] following the gold mining corporations Ashanti Goldfields Corporation and Goldfields Ghana Limited (GGL), which had been sponsoring the Black Stars since 2005.[26]

On 28 August 2013, Ghana Football Association (GFA) launched a TV channel and named GFA TV, thus becoming the first football association on the African continent to launch its own TV network. The channel has the exclusive rights to broadcast all the Black Stars' matches.[27] In November 2013, the Black Stars signed a 2013–2015 CN¥30.6 million (US$5 million) and an additional classified multi-million private bank sponsorship deal with the Ghanaian state-run private banking institution UniBank.[28]

Supporters

Ghana Supporters Union at an AFCON 2015 match between Ghana and Guinea

The Black Stars maintain an average stadium match attendance of 60,000+ and a match attendance high of 80,000+, such as in the case of the Black Stars' 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final against Uruguay in which was attended by 84,017 spectators.[29] Ghana's

match against England on 29 March 2011 had the largest away following for any association football national team since the re-opening of Wembley Stadium in 2007.[30] The match was watched by 700 million people around the world.[30]

Following the team's appearances at the 2006 and 2010 World Cup tournaments they were greeted by several hundred avid fans dancing and singing at Kotoka International Airport in Accra.[31]

Rivalries

The Black Stars' main footballing rivalry is with the Super Eagles, the national team of Nigeria. The "Battle of Supremacy on the Gulf of Guinea" is between two of the most successful teams on the African

Ghana vs. Nigeria in the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations Quarter-Final

continent.[32] The proximity of the two countries to each other, a dispute between the different association football competitions and wider diplomatic competition for influence across West Africa add to this rivalry.[32][33]

Products including books, documentary films, Azonto dances and songs have been made in the name of the Ghana national football team. These may be intended with commercial motives but are focused on previous and future World Cups or Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

  • Books: Several books have been published on the team's history and participation in major tournaments. These include Ghana, The Rediscovered Soccer Might: Watch Out World!,[34] about the history and performance of the Black Stars and also all the major association football national teams that the Black Stars have ever played against, and The Black Stars of Ghana by Alan Whelan;[35] about Black Stars commencing their progress through the final rounds of the 2010 World Cup and into the quarter-finals.
Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
  • Documentary films: In 2010 Miracle Films Ghana Limited showcased a vintage documentary film picture, Kwame Nkrumah & Ghana's Black Stars, about Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah "Africa's man of the 2nd millennium" and "Pan-African pioneer",[36] who invested a lot of energy into making Ghana's association football national team – the Black Stars – a force in African football.[37]
  • Nickname: The Black Star Line, a shipping industry line incorporated by the founder of the Back-to-Africa movement, civil rights movement leader Marcus Garvey and the organiser of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA) from 1919 to 1922, gives the Ghana national football team their nicknames, the Black Stars of West Africa and the Black Stars of Africa.[37]
  • Dances: Upon the Black Stars scoring against opposition teams, dance forms of the worldwide popular Ghanaian Azonto were performed by Black Stars players in their goal celebrations in match victories at the 2010 World Cup and in 2013, a new elite dance version of the Ghanaian Azonto named; "(Akan: Mmonko)" (shrimp), was established and showcased at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations by the Black Stars players.[38] Black Stars goal celebrations in match victories at the 2014 World Cup and upon scoring against opposition teams, are to establish and showcase Alkayida.[39]
  • Songs: On occasions of past World Cups or African Championships, a number of Ghanaian musicians with music producers created hiplife football songs which were composed in the Akan language – the 2006 World Cup song, "Akan: Tuntum Nsorom Ye Ko Yen Anim", (Black Stars, We are moving forward) musical composed by the Musicians Union of Ghana, is to motivate the Black Stars to perform creditably in their quest for the capturing of the World Cup trophy.[40] Black Stars' captain and top-goalscorer Asamoah Gyan recorded and released a Hiplife song with 'Castro The Destroyer', where he features under the alias 'Baby Jet'. The song is entitled "African Girls" and is sung in the Akan language and was launched onto the Ghanaian screens, continental West Africa screens and onto the Sub-Saharan Africa screens. The music video shows the famous "Asamoah Gyan Dance" goal celebration which he demonstrated at the 2010 World Cup and in the Premier League. The song "African Girls" won an award at the Ghana Music Awards in 2011. The 2010 World Cup song, "Ghana Black Stars (Official Song 2010 World Cup)" composed by Ghanaian hiplife music group "Kings and Queens Entertainment" approved by the Ghana Football Association (GFA) as the GFA has indicated that the Black Stars are a protected brand.[41]

Results and fixtures

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

Black Stars vs. Argentina national football team, at the Estadio Mario Alberto Kempes, in Córdoba, Argentina.
Key
  Win
  Draw
  Loss

2020

9 October 2020 Friendly Mali  3–0  Ghana Side, Turkey
19:00 (UTC+3)
  • H. Traoré  3'
  • Touré  49'
  • Haidara  75'
Report Stadium: Emirhan Sport Center Stadium
12 October 2020 Friendly Ghana  5–1  Qatar Aksu, Turkey
15:30 (UTC+3)
  • Fosu  22'
  • A. Ayew  63', 83'
  • Owusu  65'
  • Ekuban  87'
Report
  • Ali  44'
Stadium: Mardan Sports Complex
12 November 2020 2021 AFCON Q Ghana  2–0  Sudan Cape Coast, Ghana
16:00 UTC±0
  • A. Ayew  19', 81'
Report Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium
Referee: Maguette N'Diaye (Senegal)
17 November 2020 2021 AFCON Q Sudan  1–0  Ghana Omdurman, Sudan
15:00 UTC+2 Abdelrahman  90+2' Stadium: Al-Hilal Stadium

2021

25 March 2021 2021 AFCON Q South Africa  1–1  Ghana Johannesburg, South Africa
18:00 UTC+2
  • Tau  51'
Report
  • Kudus  49'
Stadium: FNB Stadium
Referee: Bamlak Tessema Weyesa (Ethiopia)
26 March 2021 Friendly Uzbekistan  2–1  Ghana Namangan, Uzbekistan
14:00
  • Abdul Fatawu Issahaku  73'
Stadium: Markaziy Stadium
28 March 2021 2021 AFCON Q Ghana  3–1  São Tomé and Príncipe Cape Coast, Ghana
16:00 UTC±0
  • Opoku  12'
  • Ayew  31' (pen.)
  • Rahman  60'
Report
  • Iniesta  83'
Stadium: Cape Coast Sports Stadium
Referee: Souleiman Ahmed Djama (Djibouti)

Coaching staff

see also : Ghana national football team manager

As of 15 December 2020

Current technical staff

Head Coach Charles Kwabla Akonnor
Assistant Coach David Duncan
Technical Director Berhnard Lippert
Dietician Renee Opare-Otoo
Goalkeeper Coach Najawu Issah
Goalkeeper Coach Simon Addo
Equipment Officers Daniel Yankey,
Suleman Zampa
Welfare Officer Henry Martey
Technical Coordinator Stephen Appiah
Technical Coordinator Franklin Appiah
Technical Coordinator Joseph Asamoah
Head Scout Otto Addo
Masseurs Samuel Ankomah,
George Nii Anum Amasa
Physiotherapists Colonel Ofosu Anim
Ralph Frank
Head Psychologist Professor Joseph Mintah
Head Doctor Prof. Dr.Chris Adomako
Video Analysts Michael Okyere,
Edward Acheampong
Business Manager Anthony Baffoe
Head Scout George Boateng
Dentist David Yaw Edu Arthur

Last updated: December 2020
Source: Ghana Football Association official website

Former head coaches

see also : Ghana national football team manager

Since 1957 Ghana has had 32 different head coaches and three caretakers. C. K. Gyamfi is the most successful of these, leading the Black Stars to three Africa Cup of Nations titles – in 1963, 1965 and 1982 – making Gyamfi the joint most successful coach in the competition's history.[42] Fred Osam Duodu led the Black Stars to their 1978 Africa Cup of Nations title;[43] Ratomir Dujković, Milovan Rajevac, and James Kwesi Appiah, have all led the Black Stars to World Cup qualification.[44][45]

Players

Current squad

The following players were selected for the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying matches against South Africa and São Tomé and Príncipe on 25 and 28 March 2021.[46]
Caps and goals updated as 28 March 2021 after the match against São Tomé and Príncipe.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Razak Abalora (1996-09-04) 4 September 1996 3 0 Asante Kotoko
1GK Ibrahim Danlad (2002-12-02) 2 December 2002 0 0 Asante Kotoko
1GK Eric Ofori-Antwi (1994-10-30) 30 October 1994 0 0 Medeama

2DF Baba Rahman (1994-07-02) 2 July 1994 32 1 PAOK
2DF Nicholas Opoku (1997-08-11) 11 August 1997 12 1 Amiens
2DF Benson Anang (2000-05-01) 1 May 2000 3 0 Žilina
2DF Ismail Abdul-Ganiyu (1996-06-12) 12 June 1996 2 0 Asante Kotoko
2DF Ibrahim Imoro (1999-10-02) 2 October 1999 1 0 Asante Kotoko
2DF Joseph Adjei (1995-08-20) 20 August 1995 0 0 Legon Cities

3MF André Ayew (Captain) (1989-12-17) 17 December 1989 92 19 Swansea City
3MF Mubarak Wakaso (1990-07-25) 25 July 1990 61 12 Shenzhen
3MF Thomas Partey (1993-06-13) 13 June 1993 31 10 Arsenal
3MF Mohammed Kudus (2000-08-02) 2 August 2000 4 2 Ajax
3MF Justice Blay (1992-03-05) 5 March 1992 3 0 Asante Kotoko
3MF Joseph Esso (1996-12-10) 10 December 1996 3 0 Dreams
3MF Gladson Awako (1990-12-31) 31 December 1990 2 0 Accra Great Olympics
3MF Osman Bukari (1998-12-13) 13 December 1998 2 0 Gent
3MF Kwame Poku (2001-08-11) 11 August 2001 1 0 Colchester United

4FW Jordan Ayew (1991-09-11) 11 September 1991 66 18 Crystal Palace
4FW Emmanuel Boateng (1996-05-23) 23 May 1996 7 1 Dalian Professional
4FW Kwasi Okyere Wriedt (1994-07-10) 10 July 1994 3 0 Willem II
4FW Emmanuel Gyasi (1994-01-11) 11 January 1994 1 0 Spezia

Recent call-ups

The following players have been called up for Ghana in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Richard Ofori (1993-11-01) 1 November 1993 22 0 Orlando Pirates v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
GK Fatau Dauda (1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 26 0 Legon Cities v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
GK Lawrence Ati-Zigi (1996-11-29) 29 November 1996 3 0 St. Gallen v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020

DF Yussif Mubarik (1995-12-29) 29 December 1995 0 0 Asante Kotoko v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
DF Kasim Nuhu (1995-06-22) 22 June 1995 11 2 1899 Hoffenheim v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
DF Gideon Mensah (1998-07-18) 18 July 1998 4 0 Vitória de Guimarães v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
DF Stephan Ambrosius (1998-12-18) 18 December 1998 0 0 Hamburger SV v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
DF Philomon Baffour (2001-02-06) 6 February 2001 0 0 Dreams v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
DF John Boye (1987-04-23) 23 April 1987 70 6 Metz v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Andy Yiadom (1991-12-02) 2 December 1991 11 0 Reading v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Joseph Aidoo (1995-09-29) 29 September 1995 7 0 Celta Vigo v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Joseph Attamah (1994-05-22) 22 May 1994 6 0 Kayserispor v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Alexander Djiku (1994-08-09) 9 August 1994 4 0 Strasbourg v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Christopher Nettey (1998-07-17) 17 July 1998 2 0 Asante Kotoko v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Kwadwo Amoako (1998-12-21) 21 December 1998 0 0 Ashanti Gold v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
DF Harrison Afful (1986-06-24) 24 June 1986 84 0 Columbus v.  Sudan, 12 November 2020 WD
DF Yakubu Mohammed (1996-06-07) 7 June 1996 2 0 Azam v.  Qatar, 12 October 2020
DF Lumor Agbenyenu (1996-08-15) 15 August 1996 14 0 Sporting CP v.  Mali, 9 October 2020 WD

MF Afriyie Acquah (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 39 1 Yeni Malatyaspor v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
MF Emmanuel Lomotey (1997-12-19) 19 December 1997 4 0 Amiens v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
MF Iddrisu Baba (1996-01-22) 22 January 1996 3 0 Mallorca v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
MF Abdul Fatawu Issahaku (2004-03-08) 8 March 2004 0 0 Steadfast v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
MF Kamal Sowah (2000-01-09) 9 January 2000 0 0 OH Leuven v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021 PRE
MF Jeffrey Schlupp (1992-12-23) 23 December 1992 19 1 Crystal Palace v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
MF Samuel Owusu (1996-03-28) 28 March 1996 13 1 Al-Fayha v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
MF Tariqe Fosu (1995-11-05) 5 November 1995 4 1 Brentford v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
MF Majeed Ashimeru (1997-10-10) 10 October 1997 1 0 Red Bull Salzburg v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
MF Clifford Aboagye (1995-02-11) 11 February 1995 0 0 Puebla v.  Sudan, 17 November 2020
MF Jamie Leweling (2001-02-26) 26 February 2001 0 0 Greuther Fürth v.  Sudan, 12 November 2020 WD
MF Bernard Mensah (1994-10-17) 17 October 1994 5 1 Beşiktaş v.  Qatar, 12 October 2020
MF Joseph Paintsil (1998-02-01) 1 February 1998 4 3 Ankaragücü v.  Qatar, 12 October 2020
MF Kamaldeen Sulemana (2002-02-15) 15 February 2002 2 0 Nordsjælland v.  Qatar, 12 October 2020

FW Caleb Ekuban (1994-03-23) 23 March 1994 9 3 Trabzonspor v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
FW John Antwi (1992-08-06) 6 August 1992 1 0 Pyramids v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
FW Kwame Opoku (1999-05-08) 8 May 1999 1 0 Asante Kotoko v.  South Africa, 25 March 2021
FW Eugene Ansah (1994-12-16) 16 December 1994 1 0 Ironi Kiryat Shmona v.  Qatar, 12 October 2020
Notes
  • CNC Cancelled match.
  • WD Withdrew.
  • INJ Withdrew because of injury.
  • PRE Preliminary squad.
  • RET Player has retired from international football.
  • SUS Suspended from the national team.

Local team

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different levels, including one for the local national football team. The team is restricted to players who only play in the local league, thus the Ghana Premier League. The team is nicknamed the Local Black Stars.[47][48][49]

Youth teams

The football association of Ghana (GFA) administers several national teams at different age levels between 16 and 23 years of age.

Under-23

The under-23 level (or Olympic team) from the 1992 Summer Olympics competes in Olympic football tournaments, Football at the All-Africa Games, CAF U-23 Championship and is restricted to using players aged 23 years and under.[50] The football at the Olympic Games is thus considered as an under-23 World Cup and since the Olympic Games of 1992; the under-23 level has participated in 5 Olympic Games, becoming the first African team to win an Olympic medal when they won bronze in 1992.[50]

Under-20

The under-20 level is considered as the feeder level to the Black Stars senior squad and has competed at the FIFA U-20 World Cup since its inception in the 1970s. The under-20 level captured the FIFA U-20 World Cup in 2009 after defeating Brazil 4–3 on penalties after the match finished 0–0 in extra time, and becoming the first on the Africa continent to do so. The under-20 level has been champions of the African Youth Championship four times: in 1995, 1999, 2009, and 2021 as well as twice runners-up in 2001 and 2013.

Under-17

The under-17 level is the youngest level and players chosen may not be more than 17 years of age. The team represents Ghana in the FIFA U-17 World Cup. The under-17 team have twice been FIFA U-17 World Cup champions, in 1991 and 1995. Additionally they finished as runners up on two occasions, 1993 and 1997. The under-17 level has participated in eight of the 15 tournaments of the FIFA U-17 World Cup, debuting in Scotland 1989 FIFA U-16 World Championship and dominating the FIFA U-17 World Cup competition in the 1990s, where they reached four consecutive finals.[51] They also twice won the African U-17 Championship.

Player records

As of 12 November 2020 [52]
Players in bold are still active with Ghana.

Most capped players

Asamoah Gyan is the most capped player with 109 appearances, and top scorer with 51 goals.
Rank Name Caps Goals Career
1Asamoah Gyan109512003–present
2Richard Kingson9311996–2011
3André Ayew91192007–present
John Paintsil9102001–2013
5Harrison Afful8402008–present
Sulley Muntari84202002–2014
7John Mensah8132001–2012
8Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu79112008–present
9Kwadwo Asamoah7442008–present
10Abedi "Pele" Ayew73191981–1998
Karim Abdul Razak73251975–1988

Most goals scored

Rank Name Goals Caps Ratio Career
1Asamoah Gyan511090.472003–present
2Edward Acquah45411.11956–1964
3Kwasi Owusu36450.81968–1976
4Karim Abdul Razak25620.41975–1988
5Wilberforce Mfum20260.771960–1968
Sulley Muntari20840.242002–2014
7Osei Kofi19250.761964–1973
Abedi "Pele" Ayew19730.261982–1998
Andre Ayew19910.212007–present
10Jordan Ayew18650.282009–present

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup record

Black Stars at the World Cup and Black Stars vs. Uruguay in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final match at Soccer City, Johannesburg on 2 July 2010
Czech Republic- Ghana line-up Group stage match, (First World Cup win) at 2006 World Cup in Germany

The Black Stars have qualified for three FIFA World Cup tournaments; 2006, 2010, and 2014. In 2006, Ghana was the only African side to advance to the second round of the World Cup in Germany, and was the sixth nation in a row from Africa to progress beyond the group stages of the World Cup.[53] The Black Stars had the youngest team in the 2006 edition with an average age of 23 years and 352 days,[53] and were praised for their improving performance.[54][55] FIFA ranked Ghana 13th out of the 32 countries who competed in the tournament.[56]

In the 2010 World Cup, Ghana progressed beyond the group stages of the World Cup in South Africa, and reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated by Uruguay. The Black Stars were defeated on penalty shootout after Luis Suárez hand-balled on the goal line deep into extra time, preventing a certain winning goal.[57] Of the 32 countries that participated in the 2010 edition, FIFA ranked Ghana 7th.[58]

After beating Egypt 7–3 on aggregate in November 2013, Ghana qualified for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.[59] They were drawn in Group G with Germany, the United States and Portugal.[60] For the first time, Ghana fell in the group stage, tying Germany 2–2 and

losing to both the United States and Portugal by 2–1.[61]

Ghana - Uruguay Quarterfinal line-up at 2010 World Cup in South African
FIFA World Cup record
FIFA World Cup record Pld W D L GF GA GD
World Cup Finals124351316−3
World Cup Quals (H)3424827819+59
World Cup Quals (A)3398163742−5
World Cup Total7637182112471+53
FIFA World Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
1930 Did not enter
1934
1938
1950
1954
1958
1962 Did not qualify
1966 Withdrew
1970 Did not qualify
1974
1978
1982 Withdrew
1986 Did not qualify
1990
1994
1998
2002
2006 Round of 16 13th 4 2 0 2 4 6
2010 Quarter-finals 7th 5 2 2 1 5 4
2014 Group stage 25th 3 0 1 2 4 6
2018 Did not qualify
2022 To be determined
2026
Total Quarter-finals 3/21 12 4 3 5 13 16
Black Stars at the CAF Africa Cup of Nations

Africa Cup of Nations record

Ghana has won the Africa Cup of Nations four times – in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982 – bettered by Cameroon and Egypt. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[62] The Black Stars have qualified for the tournament 23 times in total, finishing as runners-up five times, third once, and fourth four times. Thus, Ghana has the most final game appearances at the tournament with nine, essentially making the final in almost half of its appearances in the tournament. Ghana also holds the record of most consecutive semi-final appearances, with six straight between 2008 and 2017.

AFCON 2015 match between Ghana and Guinea
Africa Cup of Nations record
Africa Cup of Nations record Pld W D* L GF GA GD
Africa Cup of Nations Finals9954202513082+48
Africa Cup of Nations record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA
1957Part of United Kingdom
1959Not affiliated to CAF
1962Did not qualify
1963Champions1st321061
1965Champions1st3300125
1968Second place2nd5311118
1970Second place2nd522164
1972Did not qualify
1974
1976
1978Champions1st541092
1980Group stage5th311111
1982Champions1st523075
1984Group stage6th310224
1986Did not qualify
1988
1990
1992Runners-up 2nd541062
1994Quarter-finals5th320132
1996Fourth place4th640275
1998Group stage11th310233
2000Quarter-finals8th411234
2002Quarter-finals7th412122
2004Did not qualify
2006Group stage10th310223
2008Third place3rd6501115
2010Runners-up 2nd530244
2012Fourth place4th631265
2013Fourth place4th6321106
2015Runners-up 2nd6411103
2017Fourth place4th630345
2019Round of 1612th413053
2021Qualified
2023To be determined
2025
Total4 Titles23/339954202513082
*Denotes place was determined via penalty shoot-out.
** Gold background colour indicates that the team won the tournament.
***Red border color indicates the team was a host nation.

African Nations Championship record

Ghana has competed in three African Nations Championship tournaments, twice finishing as runners-up.

Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
2009Runners-up2nd513176
2011 Group stage14th300314
2014Runners-up2nd633041
2016 Did not qualify
2018
2020
2022 To be determined
Total Runners-up3/6144641211

African Games record

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.
African Games record
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
1965-000000
1973-000000
1978-000000
1987-000000
1991–present See Ghana national under-23 football team
Total0/4000000

West African Nations Cup and WAFU Nations Cup record

Olympic Games record

Bernard Aryee, former Black Stars central midfielder and part of the bronze medalist squad at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic football tournament.
Year Round Position GP W D L GF GA
Athens 1896 No association football competition
Paris 1900 At the 1900 and 1904 Olympics, clubs competed.
St. Louis 1904
London 1908 The Gold Coast team did not participate
Stockholm 1912
Antwerp 1920
Paris 1924
Amsterdam 1928
Los Angeles 1932 No association football competition
Berlin 1936 The Gold Coast team did not participate
London 1948
Helsinki 1952 Did not participate [a]
Melbourne 1956
Rome 1960 Did not qualify
Tokyo 1964 Quarter-final 7th4112712
Mexico 1968 Round 1 12th302168
Munich 1972 Round 1 16th3003111
Montreal 1976 Withdrew after qualifying
Moscow 1980
Los Angeles 1984 Did not qualify
Seoul 1988
1992–present See Ghana national under-23 football team
Total 3/1924th101361431
a. Note: The Gold Coast national football team established in 1950; country known as Gold Coast then renamed Ghana in 1957, not competing in international competitions and not being part of neither FIFA nor CAF until 1958, and therefore also recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
n. Note: Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.

Honours

Last updated 8 February 2015

Continental tournaments

Winners (4): 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
Runners-up (5): 1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, 2015
  • African Nations Championship
Runners-up (2): 2009, 2014

Continental Subregion

Winners (3): 1959, 1960, 1963
  • West African Nations Cup
Winners (5): 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
  • CEDEAO Cup
Third place (1): 1991
  • WAFU Nations Cup
Winners (2): 2013, 2017
Third place (1): 2010

Other tournaments and cups

  • Ugandan Independence Tournament[64]
Winners: 1962
  • Pestabola Merdeka[65]
Runners up: 1982
  • Samuel K. Doe Cup 1986[66]
Runners up: 1986
  • Black Stars Tournament 1993 (Libreville, Gabon)[67]
Third: 1993
  • Great Artificial River Championship 1999 (Libya)[68]
Runners up: 1999
Third: 2003

Other awards

  • African National Team of the Year Winners (3): 1983, 2006, 2010
  • FIFA most improved team of the year award Winner: 2005

See also

  • Ghana Player of the year
  • Ghana women's national football team
  • Ghana national under-23 football team
  • Ghana national under-20 football team
  • Ghana national under-17 football team

References

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Titles chronology

Last updated 28 November 2013

Achievements
Preceded by
1962 Ethiopia 
African Champions
1963 (First title)
1965 (Second title)
Succeeded by
1968 DR Congo 
Preceded by
1976 Morocco 
African Champions
1978 (Third title)
Succeeded by
1980 Nigeria 
Preceded by
1980 Nigeria 
African Champions
1982 (Fourth title)
Succeeded by
1984 Cameroon 
Preceded by
Inaugural Champions
West African Champions
1982 (First title)
1983 (Second title)
1984 (Third title)
1986 (Fourth title)
1987 (Fifth title)
Succeeded by
WAFU Nations Cup
Preceded by
2011 Togo 
WAFU Nations Cup Champions
2013 (First title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent
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