Erin O'Toole

Erin Michael O'Toole PC CD MP (born January 22, 1973)[2][3] is a Canadian politician serving as Leader of the Official Opposition of Canada and the leader of the Conservative Party of Canada since August 24, 2020.


Erin O'Toole

PC CD MP
O'Toole in March 2021
Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
August 24, 2020
DeputyCandice Bergen
Preceded byAndrew Scheer
Leader of the Conservative Party
Assumed office
August 24, 2020
PresidentScott Lamb
DeputyCandice Bergen
Preceded byAndrew Scheer
Shadow Minister for Middle Class Prosperity
Assumed office
September 7, 2020
LeaderHimself
ShadowingMona Fortier
Preceded byPosition established
Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
August 31, 2017  January 31, 2020
LeaderAndrew Scheer
ShadowingChrystia Freeland
François-Philippe Champagne
Preceded byPeter Kent
Succeeded byLeona Alleslev
Minister of Veterans Affairs
In office
January 5, 2015  November 4, 2015
Prime MinisterStephen Harper
Preceded byJulian Fantino
Succeeded byKent Hehr
Member of Parliament
for Durham
Assumed office
November 26, 2012
Preceded byBev Oda
Personal details
Born
Erin Michael O'Toole

(1973-01-22) January 22, 1973
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Rebecca O'Toole
(m. 2000)
[1]
FatherJohn O'Toole
ResidenceStornoway (official)
Alma mater
Profession
  • Lawyer
  • politician
Websiteerinotoole.ca
Military service
Allegiance Canada
Branch/service Air Command
Years of service
  • 1991–2000 (active)
  • 2000–2003 (reserve)
Rank Captain
Unit423 Maritime Helicopter Squadron
AwardsCanadian Forces' Decoration
Sikorsky Helicopter Rescue Award

O'Toole was born in Montreal and grew up in Port Perry and Bowmanville. O'Toole joined the Canadian Forces in 1991 and studied at the Royal Military College (RMC) until 1995. He was commissioned in Air Command[note 1] serving as an air navigator, eventually attaining the rank of captain. Following his active service, he received a law degree, practicing law for nearly a decade until he was elected as the member of Parliament (MP) for Durham in a 2012 by-election. In 2015, O'Toole briefly served as veterans affairs minister in the Harper government. In 2017, he ran for the party's leadership, finishing third to winner Andrew Scheer.

After Scheer resigned as leader in late 2019, O'Toole ran a successful leadership campaign, defeating former cabinet minister Peter MacKay in the 2020 leadership election. Since he assumed the leadership, O'Toole has marketed his party to working-class Canadians. O'Toole has been described as a moderate member of his party. On domestic policy issues, O'Toole supports gradually eliminating the federal deficit, defunding the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's (CBC) TV and digital English-language operations, simplifying federal taxes, allowing provinces to not have a carbon tax, and pipeline construction. On foreign policy issues, O'Toole supports a CANZUK agreement and getting "tough on China", considering its government to be a "bad actor" on the international stage. O'Toole's voting record on social issues has been characterized as socially progressive, though he voted against euthanasia legalization.

Early life and career

O'Toole was born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of Mollie (Hall) and John O'Toole, who served as the member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) for Durham in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario between 1995 and 2014.[4] His father is of Irish descent, and his mother was born in London, England, and came to Canada after World War II.[5][6] Following his mother's death when he was nine years old, his family moved to Port Perry, Ontario, where he attended elementary school. O'Toole and his family later moved to Bowmanville, Ontario, where he graduated from Bowmanville High School.[7]

In 1991, O'Toole joined the military, enrolling at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history and political science in 1995.[8][9][10]

Military career

Following his graduation, O'Toole was commissioned as an officer in the Canadian Forces Air Command.[8] His first posting with Air Command occurred in Trenton, Ontario, where he was involved in search and rescue operations. O'Toole also spent time at 17 Wing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, where he completed his training as an air navigator.[8]

In 1997, O'Toole was posted to 12 Wing in Shearwater, Nova Scotia. While serving at this post, O'Toole flew as a tactical navigator on a CH-124 (Sea King) helicopter with 423 Squadron, conducted maritime surveillance, and performed search and rescue and naval support operations.[8] While serving at 12 Wing, O'Toole was promoted to the rank of captain. He received the Canadian Forces' Decoration for 12 years of service to Canada,[7] and was awarded the Sikorsky Helicopter Rescue Award for having rescued an injured fisherman at sea.[7]

In 2000, O'Toole completed his active service in the military.[8] He transferred to the reserves, working as a training officer running flight simulators, while he pursued a law degree.[7]

O'Toole graduated from the Schulich School of Law at Dalhousie University with a law degree in 2003;[11] He returned to Ontario where he articled at, and later became a lawyer with, Stikeman Elliott, a business law firm in Toronto.[12] During this time, O'Toole primarily practiced in the areas of product liability, insolvency, competition and general commercial law.[13][14] Between 2006 and 2011, O'Toole served as Canadian in-house counsel for Procter & Gamble.[5] He acted as corporate counsel for Gillette, provided commercial and regulatory law advice, was counsel on issues relating to legislation, and investigated counterfeiting operations.[14][15] In 2011, O'Toole joined the law firm Heenan Blaikie.[16][17]

Political career

Early political career

In May 2012, O'Toole announced his plans to run as the Conservative candidate in the by-election for Durham, following Bev Oda's resignation,[18] winning the seat on November 26, 2012.[19] After spending a few months as a backbencher in the House of Commons, Prime Minister Stephen Harper named O'Toole the parliamentary secretary to the minister of international trade, Ed Fast, in September 2013.[20]

In 2014, O'Toole partnered with then-senator Roméo Dallaire to host the first Samuel Sharpe Memorial Breakfast, in honour of former soldier and MP Samuel Simpson Sharpe. Sharpe committed suicide in 1918 following his return home from World War I. O'Toole and Dallaire started the memorial breakfast to bring issues of veterans' mental health to the forefront and to improve access to treatment and resources for soldiers suffering from operational stress injuries.[21] In May 2018, O'Toole introduced a motion to install a plaque commemorating Sharpe on Parliament Hill, which passed unanimously.[22]

On January 5, 2015, Harper appointed O'Toole as minister of veterans affairs, replacing Julian Fantino.[23][24] O'Toole prioritized repairing relations with veterans and addressing the complaints Canadian veterans had with Fantino.[25] During his time as veterans affairs minister, he convinced veterans who had sued the Canadian government to place a halt on their lawsuit while they entered into settlement negotiations.[26] In the lawsuit, filed before O'Toole was named minister, the Canadian soldiers argued that the 2006 overhaul of veteran benefits was discriminatory.[26]

In the 2015 election, O'Toole was re-elected as MP for Durham receiving 45 per cent of the vote, followed by Liberal candidate Corinna Traill with 36 per cent.[27]

2017 Conservative leadership campaign

Stephen Harper resigned as Conservative party leader after the Liberals defeated it in the 2015 election. O'Toole announced that he would seek the interim leadership of the Conservative Party.[28] Rona Ambrose defeated him but named O'Toole the Official Opposition critic for public safety.[29][30]

O'Toole with Andrew Scheer several months after the Conservative Party leadership election in 2017

On October 14, 2016, O'Toole announced his nomination as a candidate in the 2017 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election.[31] O'Toole ran a positive campaign and avoided personally attacking other candidates during the campaign, arguing that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau does not own optimism.[32][33] He received endorsements from 31 MPs, 12 former MPs, 17 provincial politicians, and CANZUK International.[34][35] O'Toole finished in third place, behind Maxime Bernier and the eventual winner Andrew Scheer.[36]

Foreign affairs critic and second reelection

In 2018, after Patrick Brown resigned over accusations of sexual misconduct, O'Toole considered entering the Ontario Progressive Conservative leadership race.[37] He ultimately passed on the opportunity, instead endorsing and supporting Christine Elliott.[38] On August 31, 2017, Andrew Scheer appointed O'Toole the official opposition critic for foreign affairs.[39]

As Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was re-elected as prime minister in 2019, O'Toole won re-election in his riding, beating the Liberal candidate by about 10 per cent of the vote.[40]

2020 Conservative leadership campaign

2020 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election results by province

In December 2019, Andrew Scheer resigned as Conservative Party leader after it was revealed that he had used party funds for his children's private schooling.[41][42][43][44] Scheer remained as interim leader.[45]

O'Toole announced that he would seek the leadership of the Conservative Party in late January 2020.[46] During his campaign, he framed himself as a "true blue" conservative, implying that rivals like Peter MacKay were not real conservatives.[47] It helped that Pierre Poilievre, who was expected to get support from the right of the party, decided not to run.[48] O'Toole's tone was angrier this time than during his first leadership run, which he stated was due to his increasing worry about the country after five years under a Trudeau government.[49] He believed that his status as an MP would allow him to hold Trudeau accountable as soon as he became leader.[50] During the campaign, O'Toole alleged that MacKay's campaign obtained stolen internal campaign data from him. A former intern at Calgary Centre MP Greg McLean's office later admitted to obtaining the data.[51][52]

O'Toole won the leadership election after three rounds were counted, replacing Andrew Scheer. His victory was attributed partially to his pitch to socially conservative voters including supporters of candidates Derek Sloan and Leslyn Lewis to mark him as their second or third choice.[53][54] He generally performed better in Conservative- and Bloc Québécois-held ridings, in rural areas, and in areas with fewer visible minorities. Despite representing a riding on the eastern edge of the Greater Toronto Area, O'Toole performed poorly there.[55] People's Party leader Maxime Bernier criticized him in remarks dismissed by fellow leadership candidate Sloan, stating that he was not a real conservative.[56]

Leadership of the Conservative Party

Shortly after becoming leader, O'Toole said that triggering a fall election was not his priority, and he preferred to focus on the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and finding jobs for the unemployed instead.[57][58] He reaffirmed his position in December 2020, stating that the pandemic must be over before an election is called.[59] Despite this, he has said the Conservative Party is prepared for another election if one was called.[58] On September 2, 2020, he announced Candice Bergen would serve as his deputy.[60] O'Toole revealed his Shadow Cabinet the following week, with most roles changing from the previous Scheer-led one.[61]

O'Toole receiving the vaccine for COVID-19

During the COVID-19 pandemic, O'Toole criticized the Trudeau government for not approving rapid and at-home testing options, stating that the economy would be unstable if it or a vaccine were unavailable.[62][63][64] O'Toole has praised Alberta's pandemic response for allowing testing at pharmacies and being less restrictive than other provinces.[65] When distribution of a vaccine was near, he criticized the government for being unable to deliver vaccine doses as quickly as other countries like the US and the UK.[62] He called for more transparency regarding the vaccine rollout plan and stated that Canada only focused on preordering vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna after a partnership with a Chinese company failed.[66][67][68]

In response to the WE Charity scandal, O'Toole proposed creating an anti-corruption committee tasked with releasing related details and other possible ethics violations made by the government during the COVID-19 pandemic. Following its failure after Trudeau declared it a confidence vote, O'Toole proposed that these instead be done by the health committee.[69][70][71][72]

During his leadership, O'Toole began trying to attract working class people to the Conservative Party, noting his experience of watching auto workers lose their jobs in his hometown of Bowmanville, and his support for unions. Despite his support for unions, union leaders were skeptical given his previous parliamentary voting record and his pre-2015 free trade-related work.[73][74] O'Toole also softened his rhetoric, presenting himself as moderate to counter accusations from opponents that he was trying to market to the far-right.[75][76]

Due to his shift from the "true blue" rhetoric of his leadership campaign to a more moderate approach, he has received some criticism from within the party and fears that he may drop certain Conservative priorities such as opposition to the carbon tax.[77][78] Despite the skepticism, O'Toole continued said approach, stating the party must have "the courage to change" and attract new voters in order to win against the Liberals.[79]

Political positions

O'Toole has been described as tending to be one of the more moderate members of his party.[80] He supports a more moderate Conservative Party and has denounced the far-right, stating that they do not belong in his party.[81]

Domestic policy

O'Toole speaking at an event in Ottawa, May 2021

He has said that during the COVID-19 pandemic, the government should only spend what is necessary to help Canadians and balance the budget gradually over the next decade.[82] O'Toole has proposed a $12 billion package to double down on the current government's Canada Child Benefit, increasing the benefit each quarter of the year until the end of 2021.[83] O'Toole is against a national childcare program, saying that he prefers giving families more childcare options rather than one federal one. He also opposes a national pharmacare program, saying that the government should not replace billions already spent by insurance companies.[82]

He also wants to reduce and simplify taxes, arguing that a complicated tax system benefits the wealthy, who can afford to find loopholes.[84] He supports modifying Canada's equalization system, which he argues is unfair to Alberta. O'Toole supports a full review of government spending and a program in which all new spending must be accompanied by an equivalent reduction in spending elsewhere.[84] He has called for an incentive to reduce employment insurance premiums that small and medium-sized businesses pay for new employees.[85]

O'Toole supports defunding the CBC's digital operations and immediately halving funding for its English television operations, with the goal of privatizing it by the end of his term. He argues it has gone beyond its public mandate and is doing things that the private sector already does. He also argues it hurts other media companies, which is why he supports ending a $600-million print media bailout package.[86] The promise to defund the CBC was a major part of O'Toole's 2020 Conservative leadership platform and an idea popular with Conservative voters.[86][84] He would maintain funding for the CBC's radio operations and its French language operations, saying they maintain their original public interest mandate.[86][84] Previously, O'Toole had supported keeping the CBC's funding, wanting to modernize it instead.[32]

O'Toole believes the path to reconciliation involves a focus on the economy in Indigenous communities. He opposes the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, stating that the Supreme Court of Canada has set a higher bar than it does.[87] After statues of John A. Macdonald, Canada's first prime minister, were defaced or toppled in protests against systemic racism, O'Toole said that it would be "dooming Canada to forget its history" and that he preferred adding plaques to such monuments describing a "more balanced look" of Canada's history instead of tearing them down. He had spoken out previously against the removal of a statue of Macdonald from Victoria's City Hall.[88][89] Following the surfacing of a speech O'Toole made to the Ryerson Conservatives defending the university's namesake Egerton Ryerson in which he said that residential schools were "created to provide education", he backtracked on his comments and stated that Indigenous reconciliation is a priority for him.[90][91]

A "Canadian values" test, like the one proposed by Kellie Leitch, is not supported by O'Toole. During the COVID-19 pandemic, O'Toole has proposed increased immigration through family reunification to make up for a decreased number of economic immigrants.[92]

During the 2020 leadership election, O'Toole made a platform appealing specifically towards Quebec nationalists.[48] O'Toole supports decentralizing the federal government's power in Quebec, having stated he is open to giving the province increased powers over immigration and opposing federal intervention to stop the Quebec ban on religious symbols, arguing that the independence of Quebec's legislature should be protected.[79][93][94] He believes that large, federally regulated companies should be required to adhere to Quebec's Charter of the French Language.[94]

Economic policy

O'Toole during a press conference on the Conservative Party's post-pandemic recovery plan

During the COVID-19 pandemic, O'Toole released a post-pandemic recovery plan. He promised to launch a royal commission on the issue within 100 days of taking office and said the "big government" strategy failed Canadians. He has proposed converting the existing child care expense deduction to a refundable tax credit.[85] He supported extending Employment Insurance for workers after the Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) ran out in summer 2021. O'Toole believes the CERB should have been used more effectively by the government and focused on sectors hit hardest by the pandemic.[82][83] He proposes expanding the emergency loan program for businesses and temporarily amend bankruptcy laws to make company restructuring easier.[57][95]

O'Toole supports unions, calling them "an essential part of the balance between what was good for business and what was good for employees". He believes a lack of unions gives too much power to corporate elites, who he has said would be "too happy to outsource jobs abroad".[96] After an anti-pipeline movement sparked rail blockades across Canada, O'Toole promised to make it a specific criminal offence to block them, and entrances to businesses and air and seaports.[83] He also plans on introducing a law to ensure free trade between Canada's provinces.[95]

Environmental policy

O'Toole speaking during a press conference on the Conservatives' environmental policy

On carbon pricing, O'Toole would replace the current federal carbon tax with a system for consumers that would put a surcharge on carbon into a "low carbon savings account", a tax-free savings account to be used on purchases to make consumers more environmentally friendly.[97] The surcharge O'Toole proposes is lower than that of the Trudeau government and O'Toole plans to offset that by other measures such as requiring 30 percent of light vehicles to be free of pollutants by 2030.[97] O'Toole's climate plan proposes to continue taxing industry and does plan to raise it as much as Trudeau intends to.[97] He has said climate change is a global problem which requires a global solution.[50] O'Toole has committed to meeting Canada's Paris Agreement targets and has said he will partner with the provinces to do so.[98] He supports net-zero emissions legislation as long as he considers it to "support Canadian industry" and has stated that he would like to partner with and pressure organizations to lower their emissions, including helping oil companies become carbon neutral.[99][100]

O'Toole supports ending Canada's energy imports from outside North America.[83] He supports pipeline construction, arguing they "ignite" Canada's economy, though he has said that the proposed Energy East pipeline will not be constructed. He opposes the Oil Tanker Moratorium Act,[101] the Impact Assessment Act and the Canadian Energy Regulator Act.[102][103] He would introduce a National Strategic Pipelines Act to speed up approvals of pipelines deemed to be in Canada's national interest and repeal the related legislation introduced by the Trudeau government.[104][95]

On March 20, 2021 O'Toole attempted to convince members to support a more serious agenda aimed at curbing climate change, saying that he did not want his candidates to be labelled as climate change deniers.[105] Despite this, the party's base rejected a motion adding "we recognize that climate change is real. The Conservative Party is willing to act", with 54% of delegates voting against it.[106]

Social issues

O'Toole's voting record on social issues has been described by The National Post as socially progressive.[80] He is pro-choice on the matter of abortion, opposing legal restrictions on the practice, though he would hold free votes on bills related to abortion and other social issues.[107][108][109] However, he also supports legislation which would allow health care practitioners to decline to offer treatment inconsistent with their religious or philosophical views such as abortion.[110] O'Toole voted against bill C-14, which made euthanasia legal, saying he continued to have concerns about it and would prefer resources be focused on palliative care.[108]

O'Toole supports same-sex marriage and has pledged to walk in pride parades under the condition that uniformed police officers can as well.[84][107] His 2020 leadership platform included an end to the ban preventing gay men from donating blood.[111] He also supports banning conversion therapy.[112] Before recreational cannabis use was legalized, O'Toole supported its decriminalization and during his 2017 leadership campaign, he said that Trudeau's plan to legalize it would be impossible to reverse.[113] In 2021, O'Toole announced his opposition to harsh punishments for drug offences, but said that it is not the time to further legalize drugs.[114] He has pledged to repeal all gun law changes made by the Trudeau government.[50]

Foreign policy

According to political science professor Peter McKenna, O'Toole's foreign policy, especially that towards dictatorships and the United Nations, is similar to that of former-prime minister Stephen Harper. He has criticized Liberals for being too friendly with dictatorships and paying too much attention to the UN. McKenna has noted that O'Toole wants Canada to advocate for human rights internationally and will remove funding from UN agencies which he believes have failed from a corruption and human rights standpoint.[115]

O'Toole opposes cutting Canada's foreign aid budget though he has said he would look to fund programs leading to measurable outcomes similar to prior Conservative policies.[116] He supports a CANZUK agreement, a political and economic union between Canada, the UK, Australia, and New Zealand.[50] He supports a "Canada First" strategy to promote domestic production of goods and economic self-sufficiency but says he is not as much of a protectionist as the former US president, Donald Trump.[98] He supports meeting Canada's NATO commitments.[117] On Israel, he supports recognition of Jerusalem as the country's capital and plans to move Canada's Israeli embassy there from Tel Aviv.[115]

China

O'Toole has spoken out against the Chinese government multiple times, singling it out as a bad actor on the international stage.[118][119] He says there is a "growing influence of Chinese agents" in Canada meant to push Chinese propaganda and to intimidate Canadians. He supports passing a law similar to the Australian foreign interference law.[120][121] He has proposed tightening up foreign investment groups to deter state-owned companies from non-free countries from buying Canadian resources and companies unless there is a compelling reason to approve.[85] He supports getting "tough on China" and imposing sanctions on Chinese Communist Party officials involved with human rights violations using provisions of the Sergei Magnitsky Law.[122][98] He opposes China's treatment of Uyghurs, saying that the 2022 Winter Olympics should be relocated from Beijing owing to concerns that the Chinese government is committing genocide against Uyghurs.[123][124] He has come out in support of the Trump administration's hard-line approach to China.[122][98]

O'Toole supports banning Huawei from Canada's 5G networks, stating China controls the company and has stolen technology from Nortel, a defunct Canadian company.[125] He would give other providers tax credits to replace their infrastructure and apply pressure to other countries to stop allowing Chinese state-owned companies from accessing their markets and has called on the Trudeau government to expedite entry of political refugees fleeing Hong Kong.[83][95][126]

Because of Canada's issues with the Chinese government, O'Toole seeks to improve relations with Taiwan and put "caveats" on the One-China policy.[127] After Chinese Ambassador Cong Peiwu made remarks against Canada granting political asylum to pro-democracy protestors in Hong Kong, O'Toole said that it was a threat on Canadians and that he should be removed if he does not apologize for them.[126]

Personal life

O'Toole and his family.

O'Toole met his wife Rebecca in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1998, and they married in 2000. He has a daughter, Mollie, and a son, Jack.[128][129] O'Toole is Roman Catholic.[130] He founded True Patriot Love, a nonprofit supporting veterans, members of the military, and their families.[7] In September 2020, O'Toole tested positive for COVID‑19, after a staffer in his office tested positive.[131] His wife also later tested positive for COVID-19, after initially testing negative.[132] They were in self-isolation until September 30, at which point O'Toole returned to Parliament.[133]

Awards and recognition

In 2012, O'Toole was awarded the Christopher J. Coulter Young Alumnus Award by Dalhousie University, for his achievements and dedication to community service.[134]

Also in 2012, O'Toole received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.[135] All serving MPs that year were recipients.[136]

Electoral record

2020 Conservative Party of Canada leadership results by ballot[137]
Candidate 1st ballot 2nd ballot 3rd ballot
Votes cast % Points allocated % Votes cast % Points allocated % Votes cast % Points allocated %
Erin O'Toole 51,258 29.39% 10,681.40 31.60% 56,907 33.20% 11,903.69 35.22% 90,635 58.86% 19,271.74 57.02%
Peter MacKay 52,851 30.30% 11,328.55 33.52% 54,165 31.60% 11,756.01 34.78% 63,356 41.14% 14,528.26 42.98%
Leslyn Lewis 43,017 24.67% 6,925.38 20.49% 60,316 35.20% 10,140.30 30.00% Eliminated
Derek Sloan 27,278 15.64% 4,864.67 14.39% Eliminated
Total 174,404 100% 33,800 100% 171,388 100% 33,800 100% 153,991 100% 33,800 100%
2019 Canadian federal election: Durham
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
ConservativeErin O'Toole30,75242.1-3.03$86,288.22
LiberalJonathan Giancroce23,54732.2-3.55$50,364.45
New DemocraticSarah Whalen-Wright13,32318.2+2.17$3,348.10
GreenEvan Price3,9505.4+2.88none listed
People'sBrenda Virtue1,4422.0$2,377.06
Total valid votes/Expense limit 73,014100.0  
Total rejected ballots 480
Turnout 73,49471.2
Eligible voters 107,367
Conservative hold Swing +0.26
Source: Elections Canada[138][139][140]
2017 Conservative Party of Canada leadership results by ballot[141]
Candidate Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 Round 6 Round 7 Round 8 Round 9 Round 10 Round 11 Round 12 Round 13
Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points %
Andrew Scheer 7,375.79 21.82% 7,383.69 21.85% 7,427.00 21.97% 7,455.34 22.06% 7,492.06 22.17% 7,597.28 22.48% 7,764.64 22.97% 8,061.08 23.85% 8,798.38 26.03% 9,557.67 28.28% 10,235.27 30.28% 12,965.47 38.36% 17,222.20 50.95%
Maxime Bernier 9,763.32 28.89% 9,823.57 29.06% 9,854.61 29.16% 9,922.23 29.36% 10,114.67 29.93% 10,208.33 30.20% 10,313.15 30.51% 10,557.48 31.24% 10,709.58 31.69% 11,570.59 34.23% 12,360.08 36.57% 13,647.14 40.38% 16,577.80 49.05%
Erin O'Toole 3,600.72 10.65% 3,609.15 10.68% 3,634.90 10.75% 3,669.07 10.86% 3,708.41 10.97% 3,769.09 11.15% 3,824.62 11.32% 4,181.26 12.37% 4,324.01 12.79% 4,947.86 14.64% 6,372.85 18.85% 7,187.38 21.26%
Brad Trost 2,820.87 8.35% 2,826.57 8.36% 2,829.77 8.37% 2,834.43 8.39% 2,843.35 8.41% 2,852.31 8.44% 2,862.22 8.47% 2,883.76 8.53% 4,340.70 12.84% 4,633.83 13.71% 4,831.80 14.30%
Michael Chong 2,552.47 7.55% 2,572.68 7.61% 2,583.56 7.64% 2,605.63 7.71% 2,618.63 7.75% 2,666.15 7.89% 2,692.83 7.97% 2,907.60 8.60% 2,939.29 8.70% 3,090.04 9.14%
Kellie Leitch 2,366.09 7.00% 2,375.00 7.03% 2,383.03 7.05% 2,398.07 7.09% 2,430.25 7.19% 2,454.84 7.26% 2,516.67 7.45% 2,615.63 7.74% 2,688.03 7.95%
Pierre Lemieux 2,495.71 7.38% 2,498.29 7.39% 2,503.92 7.41% 2,510.33 7.43% 2,518.29 7.45% 2,538.17 7.51% 2,561.77 7.58% 2,593.18 7.67%
Lisa Raitt 1,127.93 3.34% 1,137.56 3.37% 1,164.85 3.45% 1,188.15 3.52% 1,208.97 3.58% 1,244.56 3.68% 1,264.10 3.74%
Steven Blaney 426.37 1.26% 429.13 1.27% 433.00 1.28% 440.71 1.30% 448.37 1.33% 469.25 1.39%
Chris Alexander 379.10 1.12% 385.01 1.14% 391.05 1.16% 407.47 1.21% 417.00 1.23%
Kevin O'Leary 361.21 1.07% 364.74 1.08% 367.33 1.09% 368.56 1.09%
Rick Peterson 220.58 0.65% 223.09 0.66% 226.96 0.67%
Andrew Saxton 169.94 0.50% 171.50 0.51%
Deepak Obhrai 139.90 0.41%
2015 Canadian federal election: Durham
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
ConservativeErin O'Toole28,96745.13−10.04$117,180.89
LiberalCorinna Traill22,94935.75+20.22$51,458.76
New DemocraticDerek Spence10,28916.03−7.72$21,240.10
GreenStacey Leadbetter1,6162.52−2.04$109.90
Christian HeritageAndrew Moriarity3640.57$4,224.95
Total valid votes/Expense limit 64,185100.00 $236,417.96
Total rejected ballots 2330.36
Turnout 64,41868.93
Eligible voters 93,455
Conservative hold Swing -15.13
Source: Elections Canada[142][143][144]
Canadian federal by-election, November 26, 2012: Durham
Resignation of Bev Oda
Party Candidate Votes%±%Expenditures
ConservativeErin O'Toole17,28050.72−3.83$95,331
New DemocraticLarry O'Connor8,94626.26+5.16$96,257
LiberalGrant Humes5,88717.28−0.57$91,946
GreenVirginia Ervin1,3864.07−1.32$742
Christian HeritageAndrew Moriarity4371.28+0.49$4,379
OnlineMichael Nicula1320.39$1,080
Total valid votes 34,068 100.00
Total rejected ballots 115
Turnout 34,18335.87
Eligible voters 95,296
Conservative hold Swing −8.99
Source: "November 26, 2012 By-elections". Elections Canada. November 27, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2012.

Notes

  1. Air Command became the Royal Canadian Air Force in 2011.

References

  1. Yuen, Jenny (November 27, 2012). "Conservatives hang on to Oda's Durham riding". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
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Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
Bev Oda
Member of Parliament
for Durham

2012–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Julian Fantino
Minister of Veterans Affairs
2015
Succeeded by
Kent Hehr
Preceded by
Andrew Scheer
Leader of the Opposition
2020–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Andrew Scheer
Leader of the Conservative Party
2020–present
Incumbent
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