El Clásico

El Clásico or el clásico[1] (Spanish pronunciation: [el ˈklasiko]; Catalan: El Clàssic,[2] pronounced [əl ˈklasik]; "The Classic") is the name given in football to any match between fierce rivals FC Barcelona and Real Madrid. Originally it referred only to those competitions held in the Spanish championship, but nowadays the term has been generalized, and tends to include every single match between the two clubs: UEFA Champions League, Copa del Rey, etc. Other than the UEFA Champions League Final, it is considered one of the biggest club football games in the world, and is among the most viewed annual sporting events.[3][4][5] A fixture known for its intensity, it has featured memorable goal celebrations from both teams, often involving mocking the opposition.[6][7]

El Clásico
Team kits – Real Madrid in white, Barcelona in blue and red
Real Madrid
First meetingFC Barcelona 3–1 Madrid FC
Copa de la Coronación
(13 May 1902)
Latest meetingReal Madrid 2–1 Barcelona
La Liga
(10 April 2021)
StadiumsCamp Nou (Barcelona)
Santiago Bernabéu (Real Madrid)
Meetings totalCompetitive matches: 246
Exhibition matches: 33
Total matches: 279
Most winsCompetitive matches: Real Madrid (98)
Exhibition matches: Barcelona (19)
Total matches: Barcelona (115)
Most player appearancesLionel Messi
Sergio Ramos
(45 each)
Top scorerLionel Messi (26)[note 1]
Largest victoryReal Madrid 11–1 Barcelona
Copa del Rey
(19 June 1943)

The rivalry comes about as Madrid and Barcelona are the two largest cities in Spain, and they are sometimes identified with opposing political positions, with Real Madrid viewed as representing Spanish nationalism and Barcelona viewed as representing Catalan nationalism.[8][9] The rivalry is regarded as one of the biggest in world sport.[10][11][12] The two clubs are among the richest and most successful football clubs in the world; in 2014 Forbes ranked Barcelona and Real Madrid the world's two most valuable sports teams.[4] Both clubs have a global fanbase; they are the world's two most followed sports teams on social media.[13][14]

Real Madrid leads in head-to-head results in competitive matches with 98 wins to Barcelona's 96; Barcelona leads in exhibition matches with 19 victories to Madrid's 4 and in total matches with 115 wins to Madrid's 102 as of the match played on 10 April 2021. Along with Athletic Bilbao, they are the only clubs in La Liga to have never been relegated.



Santiago Bernabéu. The home fans are displaying the white of Real Madrid before El Clásico. Spanish flags are also a common sight at Real Madrid games.
Camp Nou. The home fans of FC Barcelona are creating a mosaic of the Catalan flag before El Clasico. The top right corner of the club's crest also features a Catalan flag.

The conflict between Real Madrid and Barcelona has long surpassed the sporting dimension,[15][16] so that elections to the clubs' presidencies are strongly politicized.[17] Phil Ball, the author of Morbo: The Story of Spanish Football, says about the match; "they hate each other with an intensity that can truly shock the outsider".[18]

As early as the 1930s, Barcelona "had developed a reputation as a symbol of Catalan identity, opposed to the centralising tendencies of Madrid".[19][20] In 1936, when Francisco Franco started the Coup d'état against the democratic Second Spanish Republic, the president of Barcelona, Josep Sunyol, member of the Republican Left of Catalonia and Deputy to The Cortes, was arrested and executed without trial by Franco's troops[17] (Sunyol was exercising his political activities, visiting Republican troops north of Madrid).[19]

Barcelona was on top of the list of organizations to be purged by the National faction, just after communists, anarchists, and independentists.[17][21] During the Franco dictatorship, most citizens of Barcelona were in strong opposition to the fascist-like régime. During the dictatorships of Miguel Primo de Rivera and of Francisco Franco, all regional languages and identities in Spain were frowned upon and restrained. In this period, Barcelona gained their motto Més que un club (English: More than a club) because of its alleged connection to Catalan nationalist as well as to progressive beliefs.[22] During Franco's regime, however, Barcelona was granted profit due to its good relationship with the dictator at management level, even giving two awards to him.[23] The links between senior Real Madrid representatives and the Francoist regime were undeniable;[17] for most of the Catalans, Real Madrid was regarded as "the establishment club", despite the fact that presidents of both clubs like Josep Sunyol and Rafael Sánchez Guerra, suffered at the hands of Franco's supporters in the Spanish Civil War.[19][24][25]

The image for both clubs was further affected by the creation of Ultras groups, some of which became hooligans. In 1980, Ultras Sur was founded as a far-right-leaning Real Madrid ultras group, followed in 1981 by the foundation of the initially left-leaning and later on far-right, Barcelona ultras group Boixos Nois. Both groups became known for their violent acts,[17][26][27] and one of the most conflictive factions of Barcelona supporters, the Casuals, became a full-fledged criminal organisation.[28]

For many people, Barcelona is still considered as "the rebellious club", or the alternative pole to "Real Madrid's conservatism".[29][30] According to polls released by CIS (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas), Real Madrid is the favorite team of most of the Spanish residents, while Barcelona stands in the second position. In Catalonia, forces of all the political spectrum are overwhelmingly in favour of Barcelona. Nevertheless, the support of the blaugrana club goes far beyond from that region, earning its best results among young people, sustainers of a federal structure of Spain and citizens with left-wing ideology, in contrast with Real Madrid fans which politically tend to adopt right-wing views.[31][32]

1943 Copa del Generalísimo semi-finals

On 13 June 1943, Real Madrid beat Barcelona 11–1 at home in the second leg of a semi-final of the Copa del Generalísimo, the Copa del Rey having been renamed in honour of General Franco.[33] The first leg, played at Barcelona's Les Corts stadium in Catalonia, had ended with Barcelona winning 3–0. Madrid complained about all the three goals that referee Fombona Fernández had allowed for Barcelona,[34] with the home supporters also whistling Madrid throughout, whom they accused of employing roughhouse tactics, and Fombona for allowing them to. A campaign began in Madrid. Barcelona player Josep Valle recalled: "The press officer at the DND and ABC newspaper wrote all sorts of scurrilous lies, really terrible things, winding up the Madrid fans like never before". Former Real Madrid goalkeeper Eduardo Teus, who admitted that Madrid had "above all played hard", wrote in a newspaper: "the ground itself made Madrid concede two of the three goals, goals that were totally unfair".[35]

Barcelona fans were banned from traveling to Madrid. Real Madrid released a statement after the match which former club president (1985–1995) Ramón Mendoza explained, "The message got through that those fans who wanted to could go to El Club bar on Calle de la Victoria where Madrid's social center was. There, they were given a whistle. Others had whistles handed to them with their tickets." The day of the second leg, the Barcelona team were insulted and stones were thrown at their bus as soon as they left their hotel. Barcelona's striker Mariano Gonzalvo said of the incident, "Five minutes before the game had started, our penalty area was already full of coins." Barcelona goalkeeper Lluis Miró rarely approached his line—when he did, he was armed with stones. As Francisco Calvet told the story, "They were shouting: Reds! Separatists!... a bottle just missed Sospedra that would have killed him if it had hit him. It was all set up."[36]

Real Madrid went 2–0 up within half an hour. The third goal brought with it a sending off for Barcelona's Benito García after he made what Calvet claimed was a "completely normal tackle". Madrid's José Llopis Corona recalled, "At which point, they got a bit demoralized," while Mur countered, "at which point, we thought: 'go on then, score as many as you want'." Madrid scored in minutes 31', 33', 35', 39', 43' and 44', as well as two goals ruled out for offside, made it 8–0. Basilo de la Morena had been caught out by the speed of the goals. In that atmosphere and with a referee who wanted to avoid any complications, it was humanly impossible to play... If the azulgranas had played badly, really badly, the scoreboard would still not have reached that astronomical figure. The point is that they did not play at all." Both clubs were fined 2,500 pesetas by the Royal Spanish Football Federation and, although Barcelona appealed, it made no difference. Piñeyro resigned in protest, complaining of "a campaign that the press has run against Barcelona for a week and which culminated in the shameful day at Chamartín".[37][38]

The match report in the newspaper La Prensa described Barcelona's only goal as a "reminder that there was a team there who knew how to play football and that if they did not do so that afternoon, it was not exactly their fault".[39] Another newspaper called the scoreline "as absurd as it was abnormal".[34] According to football writer Sid Lowe, "There have been relatively few mentions of the game [since] and it is not a result that has been particularly celebrated in Madrid. Indeed, the 11–1 occupies a far more prominent place in Barcelona's history. This was the game that first formed the identification of Madrid as the team of the dictatorship and Barcelona as its victims."[34] Fernando Argila, Barcelona's reserve goalkeeper from the game, said, "There was no rivalry. Not, at least, until that game."[40]

Di Stéfano transfer

Alfredo Di Stéfano's controversial 1953 transfer to Real Madrid instead of Barcelona intensified the rivalry.

The rivalry was intensified during the 1950s when the clubs disputed the signing of Alfredo Di Stéfano. Di Stéfano had impressed both Barcelona and Real Madrid while playing for Los Millionarios in Bogotá, Colombia, during a players' strike in his native Argentina.[41] Both Real Madrid and Barcelona attempted to sign him and, due to confusion that emerged from Di Stéfano moving to Millonarios from River Plate following the strike, both clubs claimed to own his registration.[41] After intervention from FIFA representative Muñoz Calero, it was decided that both Barcelona and Real Madrid had to share the player in alternate seasons. Barcelona's humiliated president was forced to resign by the Barcelona board, with the interim board cancelling Di Stéfano's contract.[41] This ended the long struggle for Di Stéfano, as he moved definitively to Real Madrid.[41]

Di Stéfano became integral in the subsequent success achieved by Real Madrid, scoring twice in his first game against Barcelona. With him, Madrid won the initial five European Champions Cup competitions.[42] The 1960s saw the rivalry reach the European stage when they met twice at the European Cup, Real Madrid winning in 1960 and Barcelona winning in 1961.

Luís Figo transfer

Luís Figo's transfer from Barcelona to Real Madrid in 2000 resulted in a hate campaign by some of his former club's fans.

In 2000, Real Madrid's then-presidential candidate, Florentino Pérez, offered Barcelona's vice-captain Luís Figo $2.4 million to sign an agreement binding him to Madrid if he won the elections. If the player broke the deal, he would have to pay Pérez $30 million in compensation. When his agent confirmed the deal, Figo denied everything, insisting, "I'll stay at Barcelona whether Pérez wins or loses." He accused the presidential candidate of "lying" and "fantasizing". He told Barcelona teammates Luis Enrique and Pep Guardiola he was not leaving and they conveyed the message to the Barcelona squad.[43]

On 9 July, Sport ran an interview in which he said, "I want to send a message of calm to Barcelona's fans, for whom I always have and always will feel great affection. I want to assure them that Luís Figo will, with absolute certainty, be at the Camp Nou on the 24th to start the new season... I’ve not signed a pre-contract with a presidential candidate at Real Madrid. No. I'm not so mad as to do a thing like that."[43]

The only way Barcelona could prevent Figo's transfer to Real Madrid was to pay the penalty clause, $30 million. That would have effectively meant paying the fifth highest transfer fee in history to sign their own player. Barcelona's new president, Joan Gaspart, called the media and told them, "Today, Figo gave me the impression that he wanted to do two things: get richer and stay at Barça." Only one of them happened. The following day, 24 July, Figo was presented in Madrid and handed his new shirt by Alfredo Di Stéfano. His buyout clause was set at $180 million. Gaspart later admitted, "Figo's move destroyed us."[44]

On his return to Barcelona in a Real Madrid shirt, banners with "Judas", "Scum" and "Mercenary" were hung around the stadium. Thousands of fake 10,000 peseta notes had been printed and emblazoned with his image, were among the missiles of oranges, bottles, cigarette lighters, even a couple of mobile phones were thrown at him.[45] In his third season with Real Madrid, the 2002 Clásico at Camp Nou produced one of the defining images of the rivalry. Figo was mercilessly taunted throughout; missiles of coins, a knife, a whisky bottle, were raining down from the stands, mostly from areas populated by the Boixos Nois where he had been taking a corner. Among the debris was a pig's head.[46][47]

Recent issues

In 2005, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player, after Diego Maradona in 1983, to receive a standing ovation from Real Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabéu.

During the last three decades, the rivalry has been augmented by the modern Spanish tradition of the Pasillo, where one team is given the guard of honor by the other team, once the former clinches the La Liga trophy before El Clásico takes place. This has happened in three occasions. First, during El Clásico that took place on 30 April 1988, where Real Madrid won the championship on the previous round. Then, three years later, when Barcelona won the championship two rounds before El Clásico on 8 June 1991.[48] The last pasillo, and most recent, took place on 7 May 2008, and this time Real Madrid had won the championship.[49] In May 2018, Real Madrid refused to perform Pasillo to Barcelona even though the latter had already wrapped up the championship a round prior to their meeting.[50]

The two teams met again in the UEFA Champions League semi-final in 2002, with Real Madrid winning 2–0 in Barcelona and a 1–1 draw in Madrid, resulting in a 3–1 aggregate win for Madrid. The match was dubbed by Spanish media as the "Match of the Century".[51]

While El Clásico is regarded as one of the fiercest rivalries in world football, there have been rare moments when fans have shown praise for a player on the opposing team. In 1980, Laurie Cunningham was the first Real Madrid player to receive applause from Barcelona fans at Camp Nou; after excelling during the match, and with Madrid winning 2–0, Cunningham left the field to a standing ovation from the locals.[52][53] On 26 June 1983, during the second leg of the Copa de la Liga final at the Santiago Bernabéu in Madrid, having dribbled past the Real Madrid goalkeeper, Barcelona star Diego Maradona ran towards an empty goal before stopping just as the Madrid defender came sliding in an attempt to block the shot and crashed into the post, before Maradona slotted the ball into the net.[52] The manner of Maradona's goal led to many Madrid fans inside the stadium start applauding.[52][54] In November 2005, Ronaldinho became the second Barcelona player to receive a standing ovation from Madrid fans at the Santiago Bernabéu.[52] After dribbling through the Madrid defence twice to score two goals in a 3–0 win, Madrid fans paid homage to his performance with applause.[55][56] On 21 November 2015, Andrés Iniesta became the third Barcelona player to receive applause from Real Madrid fans while he was substituted during a 4–0 away win, with Iniesta scoring Barça's third. He was already a popular figure throughout Spain for scoring the nation's World Cup winning goal in 2010.[57]

Barcelona's Lionel Messi and Real Madrid midfielder Lassana Diarra in a 2011 Clásico

A 2007 survey by the Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas showed that 32% of the Spanish population supported Real Madrid, while 25% supported Barcelona. In third place came Valencia, with 5%.[58] According to an Ikerfel poll in 2011, Barcelona is the most popular team in Spain with 44% of preferences, while Real Madrid is second with 37%. Atlético Madrid, Valencia and Athletic Bilbao complete the top five.[59]

Both clubs have a global fanbase: they are the world's two most followed sports teams on social media—on Facebook, as of April 2021, Real Madrid has 111 million fans, Barcelona has 103 million fans, on Instagram, Real Madrid has 97 million followers, Barcelona has 96 million followers,[13][60] on Twitter, both has 36 million followers.[61]

The rivalry intensified in 2011 where, due to the final of the Copa Del Rey and the meeting of the two in the UEFA Champions League, Barcelona and Real Madrid were scheduled to meet each other four times in 18 days. Several accusations of unsportsmanlike behaviour from both teams and a war of words erupted throughout the fixtures which included four red cards. Spain national team coach Vicente del Bosque stated that he was "concerned" that due to the rising hatred between the two clubs, that this could cause friction in the Spain team.[62]

In recent years, the rivalry has been "encapsulated" by the rivalry between Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi.[63] Following the star signings of Neymar and Luis Suárez to Barcelona, and Gareth Bale and Karim Benzema to Madrid, the rivalry was expanded to a battle of the clubs' attacking trios, BBC (Bale, Benzema, Cristiano) against MSN (Messi, Suárez, Neymar).[64] Ronaldo left Real Madrid for Juventus in 2018, and in the week prior to the first meeting of the teams in the 2018–19 La Liga, Messi sustained an arm injury ruling him out of the match. It would be the first time since 2007 that the Clásico had featured neither player, with some in the media describing it as the 'end of an era'.[65][66][67] Iniesta's long spell at Barcelona had also ended after playing in 38 clashes from November 2004 to May 2018.[68] Barcelona won the match 5–1.[69]

A fixture known for its intensity and indiscipline, it has also featured memorable goal celebrations from both teams, often involving mocking the opposition.[6] In October 1999, Real Madrid forward Raúl silenced 100,000 Barcelona fans at the Camp Nou when he scored before he celebrated by putting a finger to his lips as if telling the crowd to be quiet.[6][70] In 2009 Barcelona captain Carles Puyol kissed his Catalan armband in front of Madrid fans at the Bernabéu.[6] Cristiano Ronaldo twice gestured to the hostile crowd to "calm down" after scoring against Barcelona at the Nou Camp in 2012 and 2016.[6] In April 2017, Messi celebrated his 93rd-minute winner for Barcelona against Real Madrid at the Bernabéu by taking off his Barcelona shirt and holding it up to incensed Real Madrid fans – with his name and number facing them.[6]


Updated 10 April 2021
Matches Wins Draws
La Liga 182757235
Copa del Rey 3512158
Copa de la Liga 6024
Supercopa de España 14842
Copa de la Coronación[lower-alpha 1] 1010
UEFA Champions League 8323
All competitions 246989652
Exhibition games 3341910
All matches 27910211562
  1. Although not recognized by the current Royal Spanish Football Federation as an official match, it is still considered a competitive match between Barcelona and Real Madrid by statistics sources[71] and the media.[72]

Head-to-head ranking in La Liga (1929–2021)

P. 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
7 7 7
8 8
9 9 9 9 9
10 10
11 11
12 12
  • Total: Real Madrid with 46 higher finishes, Barcelona with 44 higher finishes (as of the end of the 2020–21 season).
  • The biggest difference in positions for Real Madrid from Barcelona is 10 places (1941–42 season), The biggest difference in positions for Barcelona from Real Madrid is 10 places (1947–48 season).


As of 28 October 2018, 20 different players have scored a hat-trick in official El Clásico matches. 13 of the 24 hat-tricks came from Real Madrid players.

No. PlayerForScoreDateCompetitionStadium
1. Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid 4–1 (H) 2 April 1916 1916 Copa del Rey Campo de O'Donnell (Atlético Madrid)
2. Luis Belaunde Real Madrid 6–6 (N) 13 April 1916 1916 Copa del Rey Campo de O'Donnell (Atlético Madrid)
3. Paulino Alcántara Barcelona 6–6 (N) 13 April 1916 1916 Copa del Rey Campo de O'Donnell (Atlético Madrid)
4. Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid 6–6 (N) 13 April 1916 1916 Copa del Rey Campo de O'Donnell (Atlético Madrid)
5. Josep Samitier Barcelona 1–5 (A) 18 April 1926 1926 Copa del Rey Estadio Chamartín
6. Jaime Lazcano Real Madrid 5–1 (H) 30 March 1930 1929–30 La Liga Estadio Chamartín
7. Jaime Lazcano Real Madrid 8–2 (H) 3 February 1935 1934–35 La Liga Estadio Chamartín
8. Ildefonso Sañudo4 Real Madrid 8–2 (H) 3 February 1935 1934–35 La Liga Estadio Chamartín
9. Martí Ventolrà4 Barcelona 5–0 (H) 21 April 1935 1934–35 La Liga Camp de Les Corts
10. Pruden Real Madrid 11–1 (H) 13 June 1943 1943 Copa del Generalísimo Estadio Chamartín
11. Sabino Barinaga4 Real Madrid 11–1 (H) 13 June 1943 1943 Copa del Generalísimo Estadio Chamartín
12. Jesús Narro Real Madrid 4–1 (H) 14 January 1951 1950–51 La Liga Estadio Chamartín
13. César Rodríguez Barcelona 4–2 (H) 2 March 1952 1951–52 La Liga Camp de Les Corts
14. Eulogio Martínez4 Barcelona 6–1 (H) 19 May 1957 1957 Copa del Generalísimo Camp de Les Corts
15. Evaristo Barcelona 4–0 (H) 26 October 1958 1958–59 La Liga Camp Nou
16. Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid 1–5 (A) 27 January 1963 1962–63 La Liga Camp Nou
17. Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid 4–0 (H) 30 March 1964 1963–64 La Liga Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
18. Amancio Real Madrid 4–1 (H) 8 November 1964 1964–65 La Liga Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
19. Gary Lineker Barcelona 3–2 (H) 31 January 1987 1986–87 La Liga Camp Nou
20. Romário Barcelona 5–0 (H) 8 January 1994 1993–94 La Liga Camp Nou
21. Iván Zamorano Real Madrid 5–0 (H) 7 January 1995 1994–95 La Liga Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
22. Lionel Messi Barcelona 3–3 (H) 10 March 2007 2006–07 La Liga Camp Nou
23. Lionel Messi Barcelona 3–4 (A) 23 March 2014 2013–14 La Liga Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
24. Luis Suárez Barcelona 5–1 (H) 28 October 2018 2018–19 La Liga Camp Nou


  • 4 = 4 goals scored; (H) = Home, (A) = Away, (N) = Neutral location; Home team score listed first
  • Not included friendly matches.


Since the first match in 1902, the official clasico matches have been held on twelve stadiums, all in Spain, and the following table shows the details of the stadiums that hosted the Clasico.[73] The following table does not include other stadiums that hosted the friendly matches.

As of 10 April 2021
El Clásico stadiums
Stadium Owner Image Results Notes Honours
Hipódromo de la Castellana Community of Madrid 0 0 1 The first match in El Clásico's history was played on May 13, 1902, at the old horse racing track in Madrid. The occasion was the semi-final round of the Copa de la Coronación "Coronation Cup" in honor of Alfonso XIII, the first official tournament ever played in Spain. Copa de la Coronación (1)
Total: 1
Camp del carrer Muntaner Espanyol 0 0 1 Although it was Espanyol's stadium at the time, it was the first leg of the 1916 Copa del Rey semi-final. Copa del Rey (1)
Total: 1
Campo de O'Donnell Atlético Madrid 2 1 0 The official stadium of Atlético Madrid (1913--1923), in which three matches were held to determine the qualification for the Copa del Rey final in 1916, should not be confused with the Real Madrid stadium at that time of the same name. Copa del Rey (3)
Total: 3
Chamartín Real Madrid 12 1 4 Real Madrid official stadium (1924–1946). Copa del Rey/Copa del Generalísimo (2)
La Liga (15)
Total: 17
Camp de Les Corts Barcelona 7 5 18 The official stadium of Barcelona (1922–1957), where the first Clasico match in the La Liga history was held. Copa del Rey/Copa del Generalísimo (4)
La Liga (26)
Total: 30
Mestalla Valencia 3 0 1 The official stadium of Valencia (1923–present), in which four final matches of the Copa del Rey were held; These are 1936, 1990, 2011 and 2014. Copa del Rey/Copa del Presidente de la República (4)
Total: 4
Metropolitano de Madrid Atlético Madrid 1 1 0 The official stadium of Atlético Madrid (1923–1936, 1943–1966), in which two league matches in a season and a half were held on Real Madrid stadium (1946-47 season and half of the 1947-48 season), where Real Madrid requested that the stadium be borrowed from its neighbor during the move to a new stadium Chamartín (now Santiago Bernabeu). La Liga (2)
Total: 2
Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid 50 22 26 The official stadium of Real Madrid (1947–present), and it is considered the most stadium in which El Clasico matches have been played so far. La Liga (73)
Copa del Rey/Copa del Generalísimo (11)
Copa de la Liga (3)
Supercopa de España (7)
European Cup/Champions League (4)
Total: 98
Camp Nou Barcelona 21 22 44 Official stadium of Barcelona (1958–present). La Liga (65)
Copa del Rey/Copa del Generalísimo (8)
Copa de la Liga (3)
Supercopa de España (7)
European Cup/Champions League (4)
Total: 87
Vicente Calderón Atlético Madrid 1 0 0 The official stadium of Atlético Madrid (1966–2017), in which the 1974 Copa del Generalísimo Final was held, in which Real Madrid won 4–0. Copa del Generalísimo (1)
Total: 1
La Romareda Real Zaragoza 0 0 1 The official stadium of Real Zaragoza (1957–present), the 1983 Copa del Rey Final was held, in which Barcelona won 2–1. Copa del Rey (1)
Total: 1
Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid 1 0 0 The temporary stadium of Real Madrid (2020–present), following the COVID-19 pandemic and to facilitate the ongoing renovations of the Santiago Bernabéu. La Liga (1)
Total: 1


The rivalry reflected in El Clásico matches comes about as Barcelona and Real Madrid are the most successful football clubs in Spain. As seen below, Barcelona leads Real Madrid 96–95 in terms of official overall trophies.[74] While the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is recognised as the predecessor to the UEFA Cup, and the Latin Cup is recognised as one of the predecessors of the European Cup, both were not organised by UEFA. Consequently, UEFA does not consider clubs' records in the Fairs Cup nor Latin Cup to be part of their European record.[75] However, FIFA does view the competitions as a major honour.[76][77] Ibero-American Cup was a latter recognised official tournament organised by CONMEBOL and the Royal Spanish Football Federation, thus is considerated as a major trophy.[78]

Barcelona Competition Real Madrid
26La Liga34
31Copa del Rey19
13Supercopa de España11
3Copa Eva Duarte (defunct)1
2Copa de la Liga (defunct)1
European and Worldwide
5UEFA Champions League13
4UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (defunct)
UEFA Europa League2
5UEFA Super Cup4
3Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (defunct)
2Latin Cup (defunct)2
Ibero-American Cup (defunct)1
Intercontinental Cup (defunct)3
3FIFA Club World Cup4
97Total aggregate95


  • Friendly matches are not included in the following records unless otherwise noted.

Biggest wins (5+ goals)

Winning margin Result Date Competition
10 Real Madrid 11–1 Barcelona 19 June 1943 Copa del Rey
6 Real Madrid 8–2 Barcelona 3 February 1935 La Liga
5 Barcelona 7–2 Real Madrid 24 September 1950
Barcelona 6–1 Real Madrid 19 May 1957 Copa del Rey
Real Madrid 6–1 Barcelona 18 September 1949 La Liga
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid 21 April 1935
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid 25 March 1945
Real Madrid 5–0 Barcelona 5 October 1953
Real Madrid 0–5 Barcelona 17 February 1974
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid 8 January 1994
Real Madrid 5–0 Barcelona 7 January 1995
Barcelona 5–0 Real Madrid 29 November 2010
Most consecutive wins
Games Club Period
7Real Madrid22 April 1962 – 28 February 1965
5Barcelona13 December 2008 – 29 November 2010
Most consecutive draws
Games Period
311 September 1991 – 7 March 1992
31 May 2002 – 20 April 2003
Most consecutive matches without a draw
Games Period
1625 January 1948 – 21 November 1954
1523 November 1960 – 19 March 1967
124 December 1977 – 26 March 1983
1119 May 1957 – 27 April 1960
95 March 1933 – 28 January 1940
Longest undefeated runs
Games Club Period
8Real Madrid3 March 2001 – 6 December 2003
7Real Madrid31 January 1932 – 3 February 1935
7Real Madrid22 April 1962 – 18 February 1965
7Barcelona27 April 2011 – 25 January 2012
7Barcelona23 December 2017 – 18 December 2019
Longest undefeated runs in the league
Games Club Period
(5 Wins)
Real Madrid31 January 1932 – 3 February 1935
(5 Wins)
Barcelona13 December 2008 – 10 December 2011
(4 Wins)
Barcelona3 December 2016 – 18 December 2019
(6 Wins)
Real Madrid30 September 1962 – 28 February 1965
(4 Wins)
Barcelona11 May 1997 – 13 October 1999
(3 Wins)
Barcelona28 November 1971 – 17 February 1974
(4 Wins)
Barcelona30 March 1947 – 15 January 1949
(3 Wins)
Barcelona11 May 1975 – 30 January 1977
Most consecutive matches without conceding a goal
Games Club Period
5Barcelona3 April 1972 – 17 February 1974
3Real Madrid29 June 1974 – 11 May 1975
3Barcelona29 November 2009 – 29 November 2010
3Barcelona27 February 2019 – 18 December 2019
Most consecutive games scoring
Games Club Period
24Barcelona27 April 2011 – 13 August 2017
21Barcelona30 November 1980 – 31 January 1987
18Real Madrid3 May 2011 – 22 March 2015
13Real Madrid1 December 1946 – 23 November 1952
13Real Madrid15 February 1959 – 21 January 1962
13Real Madrid22 April 1962 – 9 April 1968
12Real Madrid5 December 1990 – 16 December 1993
10Barcelona11 September 1991 – 7 May 1994
10Barcelona30 January 1997 – 13 October 1999

Other records

  • Most common result: 44 times – (2–1)
  • Least common result: Once – (11–1, 8–2, 7–2, 6–6, 6–2, 5–5 and 5–3)
  • Most common draw result: 25 times – (1–1)


As of 17 june 2021


Lionel Messi is the all-time top scorer in El Clásico history with 26 goals.
Top goalscorers
  • Players in bold are still active for Real or Barcelona.
PlayerClubLa LigaCopaSupercopaLeague CupEuropeTotal
Lionel Messi Barcelona 18 6 2 26[note 1]
Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid 14 2 2 18
Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 9 5 4 18
Raúl Real Madrid 11 3 1 15
César Barcelona 12 2 14
Francisco Gento Real Madrid 10 2 2 14
Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid 9 2 3 14
Santillana Real Madrid 9 2 1 12
Luis Suárez Barcelona 9 2 11
Hugo Sánchez Real Madrid 8 2 10
Juanito Real Madrid 8 2 10
Karim Benzema Real Madrid 7 1 2 10
Josep Samitier Barça / Real 4 6 10
Estanislao Basora Barcelona 8 1 9
Jaime Lazcano Real Madrid 8 8
Iván Zamorano Real Madrid 4 2 2 8
Sabino Barinaga Real Madrid 4 4 8
Eulogio Martínez Barcelona 2 5 1 8
Luis Suárez Barcelona 2 4 2 8
Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid 8 8
Consecutive goalscoring
Player Club Consecutive matches Total goals in the run Start End
Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 6 7 2011–12 Copa del Rey (quarter-finals 1st leg) 2012–13 La Liga (7th round)
Iván Zamorano Real Madrid 5 5 1992–93 La Liga (20th round) 1993 Supercopa de España (2nd leg)
Santiago Bernabéu Real Madrid 4 8 1916 Copa del Rey (semi-finals 1st leg) 1916 Copa del Rey (semi-finals 2nd replay)
Simón Lecue Real Madrid 4 5 1935–36 La Liga (7th round) 1939–40 La Liga (9th round)
Ronaldinho Barcelona 4 5 2004–05 La Liga (12th round) 2005–06 La Liga (31st round)
Giovanni Barcelona 4 4 1997 Supercopa de España (1st leg) 1997–98 La Liga (28th round)

Most appearances

  • Players in bold are still active for Real Madrid or Barcelona.[79]
Apps Player Club
45 Sergio Ramos Real Madrid
Lionel Messi Barcelona
42 Francisco Gento Real Madrid
Manuel Sanchís Real Madrid
Xavi Barcelona
40 Sergio Busquets Barcelona
38 Andrés Iniesta Barcelona
37 Fernando Hierro Real Madrid
Raúl Real Madrid
Iker Casillas Real Madrid
Gerard Piqué[80] Barcelona
36 Karim Benzema Real Madrid
35 Santillana Real Madrid
Most clean sheets
Víctor Valdés Barcelona 2002–2014 7
Andoni Zubizarreta Barcelona 1986–1994 6
Francisco Buyo Real Madrid 1986–1997 6
Iker Casillas Real Madrid 1999–2015 6
Consecutive clean sheets
Player Club Consecutive clean sheets Start End
Miguel Reina Barcelona 3 1971–72 La Liga (28th round) 1972–73 La Liga (22th round)
Víctor Valdés Barcelona 3 2009–10 La Liga (12th round) 2010–11 La Liga (13th round)
Marc-André ter Stegen Barcelona 3 2018–19 Copa del Rey (semi-finals 2nd leg) 2019–20 La Liga (10th round)

Other records

  • Most assists: 14 Lionel Messi[81]
  • Most matches win: 21 Francisco Gento[82]
  • Most matches defeat: 20 Sergio Ramos
  • Most hat-tricks: 2
    • Santiago Bernabéu (both in 1916 Copa del Rey)
    • Jaime Lazcano (1929–30 La Liga & 1934–35 La Liga)
    • Ferenc Puskás (1962–63 La Liga & 1963–64 La Liga)
    • Lionel Messi (2006–07 La Liga & 2013–14 La Liga)
  • Youngest scorer: 17 years, 356 days Alfonso Navarro, 1946–47 La Liga, 30 March 1947
  • Oldest scorer: 37 years, 164 days Alfredo Di Stéfano, 1963–64 La Liga, 15 December 1963
  • Fastet goal: 21 seconds Karim Benzema, 2011–12 La Liga, 10 December 2011[83][84]
  • Fastet penalty scored: 2 minutes Pirri, 1976–77 La Liga, 30 January 1977
  • Most different tournaments score in: 4 Pedro (La liga, UEFA Champions League, Copa del Rey and Supercopa de España)
  • Most seasons score in: 11 Francisco Gento: (1954–55, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69 and 1969–70)
  • Most goals in one season: 8 Santiago Bernabéu (1915–16)


As of 10 April 2021

Top coach appearances

Rank Coach Nation Team Matches Years Competition(s) (matches)
1 Miguel Muñoz Spain Real Madrid 36 1960–1974 La Liga (27)
Copa del Rey (5)
European Cup (4)
2 Johan Cruyff  Netherlands Barcelona 25 1988–1996 La Liga (16)
Copa del Rey (3)
Supercopa de España (6)
3 José Mourinho  Portugal Real Madrid 17 2010–2013 La Liga (6)
Copa del Rey (5)
Supercopa de España (4)
UEFA Champions League (2)
4 Pep Guardiola  Spain Barcelona 15 2008–2012 La Liga (8)
Copa del Rey (3)
Supercopa de España (2)
UEFA Champions League (2)
5 Rinus Michels  Netherlands Barcelona 13 1971–1975
La Liga (12)
Copa del Rey (1)
6 Terry Venables  England Barcelona 12 1984–1987 La Liga (8)
Copa de la Liga (4)
7 Leo Beenhakker  Netherlands Real Madrid 11 1986–1989
La Liga (9)
Supercopa de España (2)
Zinedine Zidane  France Real Madrid 2016–2018
La Liga (9)
Supercopa de España (2)

Most coach wins

1 Miguel Muñoz Real Madrid 1960–1974 16
2 Johan Cruyff Barcelona 1988–1996 9
Pep Guardiola Barcelona 2008–2012
4 Terry Venables Barcelona 1984–1987 6
Zinedine Zidane Real Madrid 2016–2018

Personnel at both clubs


Javier Saviola was the most recent player to transfer between the two rivals, in 2007.
Barcelona then Real Madrid
Real Madrid then Barcelona
From Barcelona to Real Madrid17
From Barcelona to another club before Real Madrid 5
Total 22
From Real Madrid to Barcelona 5
From Real Madrid to another club before Barcelona 10
Total 15
Total Switches 37


Radomir Antić managed both clubs.

Only two coaches have been at the helm of both clubs:

  • Enrique Fernández
    • Barcelona: 1947–1950
    • Real Madrid: 1953–1954
  • Radomir Antić

See also

  • Madrid Derby
  • Derbi barceloní
  • Major football rivalries
  • National and regional identity in Spain
  • Nationalism and sport
  • Sports rivalry


  1. Does not include a goal scored in the friendly 2017 International Champions Cup.
  2. Moved to the capital of Spain for studying purposes and joined Real Madrid.[85]
  3. Only played for Real Madrid between 1906–1908 on loan from Barcelona, as he went to live to the capital of Spain for working purposes but was under the discipline of the Blaugranes.[86]
  4. Only played one game for Real Madrid in 1908 on loan from Barcelona, a common practice at the time in when it was allowed to call up players from other teams. After that match, he continued to play for Barcelona.[87]
  5. Never played any official match for Barcelona or Real Madrid but signed with both teams.[90]
  6. Never played an official match for Barcelona.[91]
  7. Only played one match for Barcelona in the 1909 Copa del Rey on loan from Real Madrid, a common practice at the time in when it was allowed to call up players from other teams. After that match, he continued to play for Real Madrid.[92]


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