Commerce is the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.
The English-language word commerce has been derived from the Latin word commercium, from com ("together") and merx ("merchandise").
Historian Peter Watson and Ramesh Manickam date the history of long-distance commerce from circa 150,000 years ago.
Banking systems developed in medieval Europe, facilitating financial transactions across national boundaries. Markets became a feature of town life, and were regulated by town authorities.
- Bachelor of Commerce
- Commercial law
- Distribution (business)
- Eco commerce
- Electronic commerce
- Financial planning (business)
- Market (economics)
- Mass production
- Master of Commerce
- Roman commerce
- International trade
- Value (economics)
|Look up commerce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- "commerce". English: Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
1 The activity of buying and selling, especially on a large scale.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 766. . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th
- Hans Biedermann, James Hulbert (trans.), Dictionary of Symbolism - Cultural Icons and the Meanings behind Them, p. 54.
- Watson, Peter (2005). Ideas : A History of Thought and Invention from Fire to Freud. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-621064-X. Introduction......./
- Davies, Glyn (2002). Ideas: A history of money from ancient times to the present day. University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1717-0.
- Martha C. Howell (12 April 2010). Commerce Before Capitalism in Europe, 1300-1600. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-76046-1.
Fernand Braudel (1982). Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century: The wheels of commerce. University of California Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-520-08115-4.
Taken over by towns, the markets grew apace with them.