Claude Makélélé Sinda (French pronunciation: [klod makelele]; born 18 February 1973) is a French football manager and former professional player who played as a defensive midfielder. He is currently a youth coach and technical mentor at Chelsea, having formerly been the head coach of Belgian First Division A club Eupen.
Makélélé in 2012
|Full name||Claude Makélélé Sinda|
|Date of birth||18 February 1973|
|Place of birth||Kinshasa, Zaire|
|Height||1.74 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Chelsea (technical mentor)|
|2011–2013||Paris Saint-Germain (assistant)|
|2017||Swansea City (assistant)|
|2019–||Chelsea (technical mentor)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
In his playing career, which ended at Paris Saint-Germain, Makélélé also played for Nantes, Marseille, Celta Vigo, Real Madrid and Chelsea. He won league titles in France, Spain and England, as well as the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League during his time with Real Madrid.
Makélélé was a French international for 13 years, and was part of the France national team which reached the final of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. He also represented his nation at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, two UEFA European Championships and the 1996 Summer Olympics.
Regarded as one of the greatest players in his position, Makélélé has been credited with redefining the defensive midfield role in English football, especially during the 2004–05 FA Premier League season, where he played a key role in helping Chelsea win the title with 95 points. In homage, the defensive midfield position is sometimes colloquially known as the "Makelele Role".
Makélélé was born in Kinshasa, Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo). "Makélélé" means "noises" in Lingala, one of the languages spoken in the country. He moved to Savigny-le-Temple, a suburb of Paris in Seine-et-Marne, in 1977, when he was four years old. His father, André-Joseph Makélélé, was also a football player. He represented DR Congo, and ended his career in the third division of Belgium with Union Royale Namur.
At age 15, Makélélé signed for Sporting Melun-Dammarie 77. He played one year there, and left at the age of 16, when he joined the training centre of Brest-Armorique in Brittany. According to him, it was not easy to adapt to the new life in Brest. The training academy life was tough, especially as it was the first time he was far from his family.
He worked very hard in Brest, but it was in the city of Nantes where he discovered the real pleasure of playing. Makélélé was recruited by FC Nantes in December 1991, when he was still 18 years old. Robert Budzynski, Nantes' sporting director, confessed that once he had discovered Makélélé in Brest, he was sure he would become the new Emmanuel Petit.
At the beginning of the 1992–93 season, Makélélé was already in the Nantes first-team, then playing in the French first division. He played at Nantes for five seasons, winning the French championship in 1995 and helped the club to the semi-final of the UEFA Champions League the following season. This earned him a move to Marseille for whom he played for one season.
Makélélé was transferred to Celta Vigo where he spent two successful seasons at the Galician club. While playing alongside Aleksandr Mostovoi, Valeri Karpin, Haim Revivo and Míchel Salgado, Celta achieved historic victories such as 4–1 against Liverpool and 4–0 against Juventus in the UEFA Cup.
Arrigo Sacchi describes Real Madrid's need for a holding midfielder.
In 2000, he was recruited by Real Madrid. His transfer was controversial because Celta did not want to sell Makélélé unless a substantial improvement on their offer was made. Makélélé refused to train until there was resolution of his contract. Finally, Celta were reluctantly forced to sell him for €14 million, far less than their valuation of the player and only after a falsified police report was made by his agent, Marc Roger.
At Real, Makélélé substantially added to his medal tally, winning two Spanish La Liga championships, the Champions League, the Supercopa de España, the UEFA Super Cup and the Intercontinental Cup. As an ever-present in Vicente del Bosque's Real Madrid side, Makélélé also established himself as one of the best defensive midfielders in the world.
Despite his value to the team, however, Makélélé was one of its most (relatively) under-paid members, earning a fraction of that paid to teammates like Zinedine Zidane, Luís Figo, Raúl, Ronaldo, Roberto Carlos, Steve McManaman, and Guti. In the summer of 2003, feeling that his position at the club was insecure after the shock sacking of Del Bosque and the arrival of David Beckham, and encouraged by teammates Zidane, Raúl, McManaman and Fernando Morientes, Makélélé decided to ask for an improved contract. The Real management flatly refused to consider his request. Upset, Makélélé handed in a transfer request, whereupon he was signed by Chelsea. Club president Florentino Pérez infamously poured scorn on Makélélé's footballing abilities and proclaimed that Makélélé would not be missed:
In his autobiography, published in 2006, McManaman described Makélélé as the most important and yet least appreciated midfielder at Real. Retired former Real Madrid player and captain Fernando Hierro also criticised Pérez for both Makélélé's departure and the manner of his departure, saying:
I think Claude has this kind of gift – he's been the best player in the team for years but people just don't notice him, don't notice what he does. But you ask anyone at Real Madrid during the years we were talking about and they will tell you he was the best player at Real. We all knew, the players all knew he was the most important. The loss of Makélélé was the beginning of the end for Los Galacticos. You can see that it was also the beginning of a new dawn for Chelsea. He was the base, the key and I think he is the same to Chelsea now.
Chelsea finished second in the 2003–04 FA Premier League and were eliminated by Monaco in the semi-finals of the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League.
Following the sacking of Ranieri and his succession by José Mourinho, Makélélé was a key player in Chelsea's successful 2004–05 season, winning both the FA Premier League and the League Cup. His defensive qualities allowed the likes of Frank Lampard, Joe Cole, Arjen Robben, Damien Duff, Eiður Guðjohnsen and Didier Drogba to parade their attacking skills. Makélélé's importance was recognised by Mourinho, who declared him Chelsea's "Player of the Year".
To cap off the 2004–05 season for the Frenchman, he was allowed to take a penalty awarded to Chelsea in the game against Charlton Athletic on the day the Premier League trophy was due to be presented. Charlton goalkeeper Stephan Andersen saved it, but Makélélé scored on the rebound. In September 2005, he was selected as a member of the World XI at the FIFPro awards. The team was chosen by a vote of professional footballers in 40 countries. He added to his sizeable medal haul the following season, winning both the FA Community Shield and the Premier League.
In March 2006, Fulham defeated Chelsea 1–0 in a Premier League game in which Fulham manager Chris Coleman's tactics centered on bypassing Makélélé on the wings when Fulham had possession and putting midfielders on Makélélé when Chelsea were in possession. With Makélélé struggling to function effectively, Chelsea lost the game. Coleman later explained that Makélélé was more than a mere defensive midfielder; that he was actually Chelsea's deep-lying playmaker, and that Chelsea's attacks were channelled through him. Thus, denying him possession was instrumental in unravelling Chelsea. Mourinho was subsequently forced to counter this tactic by withdrawing Lampard and Michael Essien further back in midfield to relieve the pressure on Makélélé.
On 5 November 2006, in a league encounter with Tottenham Hotspur, Makélélé scored his second goal for the club, a difficult curling volley from the edge of the 18-yard box which sped past goalkeeper Paul Robinson into the left-hand side of the goal to cue a bench-clearing celebration. Although Tottenham sprang a comeback to beat Chelsea 2–1, this goal got him the best shot to goals percentage that year with one shot and one goal – 100%.
On 5 December 2006, in a League Cup game against Newcastle United, Makélélé wore the captain's armband in John Terry's absence and with Frank Lampard rested. He was substituted at half-time for Lampard. Makélélé also wore the captain's armband the following season, when Terry, Lampard, and Michael Ballack were all unavailable. Makélélé was captain even when Terry and Lampard returned for a crucial Champions League tie against Olympiacos, but Terry returned as captain the following weekend for the League Cup defeat against Tottenham.
The 2007–08 season was a period of renaissance for the 35-year-old Makélélé, as he played in the majority of Chelsea's fixtures. Despite an ear infection that made him miss an early part of the season, he regained his place and forced Michael Essien into the right-back position, effectively pushing Juliano Belletti out of the team. Makélélé was instrumental in Chelsea's run to the 2008 UEFA Champions League Final under the guidance of manager Avram Grant; the team were defeated by Manchester United in a penalty-shootout, after a 1–1 deadlock following both regulation and extra time.
On 18 July 2008, it was reported that Makélélé was about to take a medical the following day in Paris ahead of a proposed move back to French football. On 21 July, Chelsea announced they had released Makélélé on a free transfer, while Paris Saint-Germain confirmed that the player would join them and would be unveiled at a press conference that afternoon.
On 25 February 2010, he announced that he would retire at the end of the season, but in June, he retracted his statement and re-signed with PSG for an additional season. He won the Coupe de France with PSG at the end of the 2009–10 season. He later retired at the end of the campaign. The next season, he was appointed the assistant manager to Carlo Ancelotti, who had just joined PSG from Makélélé's previous club, Chelsea.
Makélélé was not selected for France's 1998 World Cup and Euro 2000 successes, making his tournament debut at the 2002 World Cup, where he started the team's final Group A match against Denmark. At Euro 2000, Makélélé was a first-choice player in midfield, starting in three of France's four matches.
Makélélé decided to retire from international football in September 2004 in order to focus on club football with Chelsea, but 11 months later, in August 2005, he and compatriots Zinedine Zidane and Lilian Thuram were persuaded out of retirement to help France qualify for the 2006 World Cup in Germany.
As a member of the France squad competing at the 2006 World Cup, Makélélé's performances as a tireless midfield spoiler were invaluable to France's progress to the final as they defeated Spain, the defending champions Brazil and Euro 2004 finalists Portugal in the knock-out rounds. His partnership with Patrick Vieira in the defensive midfield proved effective as the team conceded only three goals in seven games and took four clean-sheets, a tally only bested by world champions Italy.
After a defeat to Italy on penalties in the World Cup Final, Makélélé initially commented that he was again going to retire from international football. However, he was called up to the squad by French national team manager Raymond Domenech for qualification matches for Euro 2008 against Georgia and Italy. On being asked about Makélélé being called up to his national squad despite being retired during an interview on Sky Sports, Chelsea manager José Mourinho accused France national coach Domenech of treating Makélélé like a slave and refusing to honour his retirement. Mourinho said Domenech "has been very objective – very objective – and said you have to play Georgia and you have to play Italy. Makélélé wants to retire but the national coach won't allow him to retire." FIFA confirmed that any club that refuses to release a player for national team duty is barred from using the player for two matches, a rule which is intended to discourage clubs from pretending that the player is injured. On the same evening as the Mourinho interview, Makélélé told French TV station TPS Star, "Even if my club doesn't agree, I will humbly honor the call."
Makélélé went on to continue playing with the French national team through the qualifications and then the finals for the Euro 2008 tournament, where France exited in the group stage after finishing bottom of their group. He and Thuram announced their retirement from international football on 17 June 2008, after France's 2–0 defeat to Italy.
Style of play
Regarded as one of the best players ever in his position, Makélélé revolutionised the role of the defensive midfielder in the Premier League. A combative and hard-working player, although he was capable of getting forward and playing in more advanced positions, he usually played in front of his team's back-line, where he mainly served as a defensive foil for his more offensive teammates, due to his aggressive tackling, as well as his ability to read the game, break down plays, mark and anticipate opponents, and time his challenges. In this role, he was known in particular for his acceleration, positional sense, tactical discipline, intelligence, energy, and ball-winning ability; although he was not the fastest, most talented, technically skilled player on the ball, or particularly good in the air, he was also highly regarded throughout his career for being capable of functioning as a deep-lying playmaker for his team, due to his ability to dictate the tempo of his team's play in midfield with his short, efficient passing game, which allowed him to link up the defence with the attack effectively after winning back possession. His physical strength in spite of his small stature, combined with his low centre of gravity, also gave him excellent balance on the ball in limited spaces, which allowed him to retain possession against more physical opponents. In addition to his defensive skills, Makélélé was also known for his tenacity, awareness, consistency, and strong mentality. Jonathan Wilson, when writing for The Guardian in 2013, labelled Makélélé as a type of holding midfielder he described as a "destroyer," a player who is primarily tasked with running, winning back possession, and distributing the ball to other players.
Makélélé became head coach of Bastia on 24 May 2014. After less than six months in charge, however, he was sacked on 3 November 2014 following a 1–0 defeat to Guingamp on 1 November, due to his inability to make an impact on the club as coach. Prior to Bastia, Makélélé was an assistant coach at Paris Saint-Germain alongside Paul Clement. In January 2016, Monaco appointed Makélélé as technical director. Makélélé joined Clement as his assistant coach at Premier League club Swansea City in January 2017.
Makélélé then joined Belgian side Eupen as their head coach in November 2017. He left Eupen in August 2019 after almost 2 full seasons as head coach to return to his former club Chelsea as a youth coach and technical mentor.
In the spring of 2004, Makélélé began dating French model Noémie Lenoir. Lenoir gave birth to a boy, Kelyan (born 24 January 2005). The couple split in early 2009. Despite widespread reports that Lenoir was married to Makélélé, she wrote a blog in 2009 clarifying their former relationship, saying, "I'm not and have never been married. I do have a son. I have a wonderful baby's father and have a great relationship with him, however I've been single for some time now." In May 2010, Lenoir attempted to commit suicide outside Makélélé's Paris home by ingesting a lethal amount of drugs and alcohol. Reports after the suicide attempt implied that it was related to Makélélé finally calling it quits with Lenoir and moving on with his then pregnant fiancee, which he vehemently denies. Lenoir has had a long battle with substance abuse and later checked into rehab.
|Club||Season||League||Cup||League Cup||Supercup||Europe||UEFA Super Cup||Intercontinental Cup||Total|
|France national team|
- Division 1: 1994–95
- La Liga: 2000–01, 2002–03
- Supercopa de España: 2001, 2003
- UEFA Champions League: 2001–02
- UEFA Super Cup: 2002
- Intercontinental Cup: 2002
- Premier League: 2004–05, 2005–06
- FA Cup: 2006–07
- Football League Cup: 2004–05, 2006–07
- FA Community Shield: 2005
- FIFPro World XI: 2005
- Chelsea Players' Player of the Year: 2006
- ESPN World Team of the Decade: 2009
- UNFP Trophée d'honneur: 2010
- "UCL Booking list 2006/2007" (PDF). UEFA. 26 April 2007. p. 1. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Claude Makelele: Overview". ESPN. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
- "Claude Makelele: Overview". Premier League. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
- "Claude Makelele". Barry Hugman's Footballers. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
- "Claude Makelele returns to Chelsea in a new coaching role". Chelsea F.C. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "15 years on from Zidane's final wonder goal". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- Wallace, Sam (24 February 2007). "Doing a Makelele – so good they named it after him". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010.
- "What does a central midfielder do in 2010?". ZonalMarking.net. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Mtembezi, Chumvi (2002). "Swahili Stars". Archived from the original on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.
- "À la gloire du père, la saga Makélélé" (in French). Sport Magazine. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "From Ligue 1 to Superstardom: Claude Makelele - Real Galactico". Goal. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- Wilson, Jonathan (2013). Inverting the Pyramid. Nation Books. ISBN 9781568589633.
- "Former Agent Reveals the Shocking Events That Led to Claude Makelele Joining Real Madrid From Celta". 90 Min. 8 October 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Unhappy Makelele continues pay rise rebellion". China Daily. Beijing. 15 August 2003. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Stevens, Richard (11 September 2003). "Perez has parting shot at Makelele". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Hierro's hunger drives Bolton to brink of history". Fernando Hierro.com. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 30 March 2007.
- Edworthy, Sarah (13 September 2003). "Makelele the battery in Chelsea Rolex". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Chelsea 2-2 Monaco". 5 May 2004. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Chelsea 1–0 Charlton". BBC Sport. 7 May 2005. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
- "Trophy Cabinet | Official Site | Chelsea Football Club". ChelseaFC. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- Barlow, Matt. "Stop Makelele, Stop Chelsea – Coleman". Sporting Life. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Tottenham 2–1 Chelsea". ESPN Soccernet. 5 November 2006. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- "Man Utd earn dramatic Euro glory". 22 May 2008. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Makelele leaves Chelsea for PSG". BBC Sport. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Makélélé leaves Chelsea to link up with PSG". FourFourTwo. Future. Archived from the original on 12 March 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
- "Makelele to hang up boots". Sky Sports. 25 February 2010. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013.
- "Former France international Claude Makelele to become Carlo Ancelotti's assistant at Paris Saint-Germain - report". goal.com. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 May 2021.
- "Finally Makelele". The Daily Star. Dhaka. 2 September 2003. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Zidane strikes stun England as France fight back". UEFA.com. 14 June 2004. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Henry makes the difference for France". UEFA.com. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Slick Greece shock EURO holders France". UEFA.com. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Zidane and Makelele return to Les Bleus". The Guardian. 3 August 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "World Cup 2006 statistics". BBC Sport. 9 July 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Hughes, Rob (29 August 2006). "Makelele is free to make his choice". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Conciliatory Makelele says he is ready to turn out for France". The Guardian. 29 August 2006.
- "France duo call it quits". Sky Sports. 18 June 2008. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2007.
- "Claude reigns". The Guardian. London. 23 January 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Snap shot: Chelsea's 2005 title winners a decade on". UEFA. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- Berlin, Peter (8 July 2006). "France and Italy – Settled and Similar". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Rainbow, Jamie (14 January 2012). "The hidden depths of the defensive midfielder". World Soccer. TI Media. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- Cox, Michael (23 August 2016). "Disappointing lack of deep-lying playmakers in the Premier League". ESPN. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Wilson, Jonathan (18 December 2013). "The Question: what does the changing role of holding midfielders tell us?". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- "Claude Makelele leaves Paris St-Germain post to coach Bastia". BBC Sport. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Claude Makelele appointed Technical Director". AS Monaco FC. 10 January 2016. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017.
- "Swansea City appoint Claude Makelele as their assistant manager". BBC Sport. 11 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Makelele leaves Swans". Swansea City A.F.C. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Hodge, Katie; Clarke, Josie (13 May 2010). "M&S model Noemie Lenoir recovers after 'suicide bid'". The Independent. London.
- "Claude Makelele plans to retire at end of season". The Guardian. 25 February 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Claude Makelele". Real Madrid. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Monaco 0-1 Paris Saint-Germain" (in French). FFF. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Remembering Zinedine Zidane's Headbutt and the 2006 World Cup Final". Bleacher Report. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "FIFPRO WORLD XI 2004/2005". Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "CHELSEA PLAYERS' PLAYER OF THE YEAR". Chelsea. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- Brewin, John (25 December 2009). "World Team of the Decade". ESPN FC. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- Palmarès Trophées UNFP - Oscars du football - Trophée d’honneur UNFP
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