Big 12 Conference

The Big 12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Irving, Texas. The conference consists of ten full-member universities. It is a member of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for all sports. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. Its ten members, in the states of Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia, include eight public and two private Christian schools. Additionally, the Big 12 has 12 affiliate members—eight for the sport of wrestling. one for women's equestrianism, one for women's gymnastics, and two for women's rowing. The Big 12 Conference is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.[2] [3] The Big 12 Conference commissioner is Bob Bowlsby.

Big 12 Conference
EstablishedFebruary 25, 1994 (1994-02-25)[1]
AssociationNCAA
DivisionDivision I
SubdivisionFBS
Members10 + 12 affiliate members
Sports fielded
  • 23
    • men's: 10
    • women's: 13
Region
  • South Atlantic
  • West North Central
  • West South Central
HeadquartersIrving, Texas
CommissionerBob Bowlsby (since 2012)
Websitewww.big12sports.com
Locations

The Big 12 Conference was founded in February 1994. The eight members of the former Big Eight Conference joined with Southwest Conference schools Texas, Texas A&M, Baylor, and Texas Tech to form the conference, with play beginning in 1996.[4][5]

The conference's current 10-campus makeup resulted from the 2010–2013 Big 12 Conference realignment, in which Nebraska joined the Big Ten Conference, Colorado joined the Pac-12, and Missouri and Texas A&M joined the Southeastern Conference. TCU and West Virginia joined from the Mountain West and Big East Conferences respectively to offset two of the departing schools, bringing the conference to its current strength.

The Big 12 Conference, like others involved in the realignment, has kept its name primarily for marketing purposes; the conference has high name recognition and remains one of the Power Five conferences which are considered the primary contenders to produce a College Football Playoff champion team in any given year.

Member schools

Members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentEndowment
(millions)
NicknameColors
Baylor University Waco, Texas 1845 1996 Private 19,566 $1,710 Bears/Lady Bears          
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa 1858 Public 35,000 $1,102 Cyclones          
University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 1865 28,423 $1,820 Jayhawks          
Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 1863 22,221 $510.3 Wildcats          
University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma 1890 28,564 $1,736 Sooners          
Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma 1890 25,295[6] $756.5 Cowboys/Cowgirls          
Texas Christian University (TCU) Fort Worth, Texas 1873 2012 Private 11,379 $1,710 Horned Frogs          
University of Texas at Austin (Texas) Austin, Texas 1883 1996 Public 51,832[7] $30,100 Longhorns          
Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 1923 40,322[8] $1,320 Red Raiders          
West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia 1867 2012 26,269[9][lower-alpha 1] $589.8 Mountaineers          
Reference:[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  1. Includes only enrollment at the Morgantown campus.

Affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsSportPrimary
Conference
United States Air Force Academy Colorado Springs, Colorado 1954 2015 Military academy 4,000 Falcons           Wrestling Mountain West
University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, Alabama 1831 2014 Public 38,563 Crimson Tide           Women's rowing SEC
University of Denver Denver, Colorado 1864 2015 Private 11,809 Pioneers           Women's gymnastics Summit League
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 1911 2019 Public 24,405 Bulldogs           Equestrian Mountain West
University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 1839 2021[lower-alpha 1] 31,089 Tigers           Wrestling SEC
University of Northern Colorado Greeley, Colorado 1889 2015 12,084 Bears           Big Sky
University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa 1876 2017 13,914 Panthers           Missouri Valley
North Dakota State University Fargo, North Dakota 1890 2015 14,747 Bison           Summit League
South Dakota State University Brookings, South Dakota 1881 2015 12,554 Jackrabbits          
University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 1794 2014 27,523 Volunteers           Women's rowing SEC
Utah Valley University Orem, Utah 1941 2015 31,556 Wolverines           Wrestling WAC
University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming 1886 2015 13,992 Cowboys           Mountain West
  1. Missouri was a full Big 12 member from the conference's formation in 1996 until leaving for the SEC in 2012.
  • On July 29, 2015, the Big 12 announced it would add the six former members of the Western Wrestling Conference—Air Force, Northern Colorado, North Dakota State, South Dakota State, Utah Valley, and Wyoming—as affiliate members for wrestling, plus Denver as an affiliate member for women's gymnastics, all effective with the 2015–16 school year.[16] On July 5, 2017, the Big 12 added Fresno State and Northern Iowa as wrestling affiliates.[17] On May 2, 2019, the Big 12 added Fresno State as an equestrian affiliate.[18] Fresno State would drop wrestling in 2021, but remains an equestrian affilate.[19] Big 12 wrestling added former full member Missouri in 2021.[20]

Future affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoiningTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsSportPrimary
Conference
California Baptist University Riverside, California 1950 2022 Private 11,045 Lancers           Wrestling WAC
  • California Baptist will become a Big 12 wrestling member in 2022, conditional on successful completion of its ongoing transition to Division I.[21]


Former members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeNicknameColorsCurrent
Conference
University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado 1876 1996 2011 Public Buffaloes                Pac-12
University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 1839 2012[lower-alpha 1] Tigers           SEC
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska 1869 2011 Cornhuskers           Big Ten
Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 1876 2012 Aggies           SEC
  1. Missouri returned to the Big 12 as a wrestling-only member in 2021.

Former affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeNicknameColorsBig 12
Sport(s)
Current
Conference[lower-alpha 1]
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 1911 2017 2021[lower-alpha 2] Public Bulldogs           Wrestling N/A (dropped wrestling)
Old Dominion University Norfolk, Virginia 1930 2014 2018 Public Monarchs                Women's rowing The American[22]
  1. Affiliation in former Big 12 sport(s); does not necessarily match primary affiliation.
  2. Fresno State remains an affiliate in equestrian.

Membership timeline

Mid-American ConferenceAmerican Athletic ConferenceConference USAConference USAConference USAMountain West ConferenceConference USAUniversity of Texas at AustinOklahoma State University–StillwaterUniversity of KansasBaylor UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceTexas A&M UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceUniversity of MissouriBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of Colorado Boulder

Full members Assoc. member (Other sports) Other Conference

Sports

The Big 12 Conference sponsors championship competition in ten men's and thirteen women's NCAA sanctioned sports.[23]

Teams in Big 12 Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball9
Basketball1010
Cross Country910
Equestrian4
Football10
Golf109
Gymnastics4
Rowing7
Soccer10
Softball7
Swimming & Diving35
Tennis610
Track and Field (Indoor)910
Track and Field (Outdoor)910
Volleyball9
Wrestling12

Men's sponsored sports by school

Below are the men's sports sponsored by each member institution. The only sports with full participation by the entire conference are basketball, football, and golf. Swimming and diving has the least amount of participation with only three schools fielding a team. The conference fields 12 teams for wrestling, the most of any sport, with only 4 teams being full-time members, as well as 8 affiliate members. California Baptist is currently scheduled to join as a wrestling-only member in 2022–23.

SchoolBaseballBasketballCross
Country
FootballGolfSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack
& Field
Indoor
Track
& Field
Outdoor
WrestlingTotal
Big 12
Sports
BaylorYYYYYNYYYN8
Iowa StateNYYYYNNYYY7
KansasYYYYYNNYYN7
Kansas StateYYYYYNNYYN7
OklahomaYYYYYNYYYY9
Oklahoma StateYYYYYNYYYY9
TCUYYYYYYYYYN9
TexasYYYYYYYYYN9
Texas TechYYYYYNYYYN8
West VirginiaYYNYYYNNNY6
Totals9109101036994*78
Affiliate Members
Air ForceY1
MissouriY1
North Dakota StateY1
Northern ColoradoY1
Northern IowaY1
South Dakota StateY1
Utah ValleyY1
WyomingY1
Future Affiliate Members
California BaptistY1

    Men's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

    SchoolGymnasticsRifle[lower-alpha 1]Soccer
    OklahomaMountain Pacific Sports FederationNoNo
    TCUNoPatriot Rifle ConferenceNo
    West VirginiaNoGreat America Rifle ConferenceMid-American Conference[lower-alpha 2]
    1. Rifle is often categorized as a men's sport because the NCAA bylaws that establish scholarship limits for each sport list rifle as a men's sport.[24] Nonetheless, it is an open coed sport in NCAA college athletics, with men's, women's, and coed teams in all NCAA divisions competing against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams. Through 2017, West Virginia with 19 national titles and TCU with two, together have won over half of the NCAA titles awarded since the inaugural NCAA championship in 1980. West Virginia also won four pre-NCAA national titles.
    2. West Virginia will move men's soccer to Conference USA in 2022.[25]

    Women's sponsored sports by school

    Below are women's sports sponsored by the member institutions. Six sports have full participation from the entire conference, basketball, cross country, soccer, tennis, indoor track, and outdoor track. Equestrian and gymnastics have the lowest participation with 3 full-time members and 1 affiliate participating.

    SchoolBasketballCross
    Country
    EquestrianGolfGymnasticsRowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
    & Diving
    TennisTrack
    & Field
    Indoor
    Track
    & Field
    Outdoor
    VolleyballTotal
    Big 12
    Sports
    BaylorYYYYNNYYNYYYY10
    Iowa StateYYNYYNYYYYYYY11
    KansasYYNYNYYYYYYYY11
    Kansas StateYYNYNYYNNYYYY9
    OklahomaYYNYYYYYNYYYY11
    Oklahoma StateYYYYNNYYNYYYN9
    TCUYYYYNNYNYYYYY10
    TexasYYNYNYYYYYYYY11
    Texas TechYYNYNNYYNYYYY9
    West VirginiaYYNNYYYNYYYYY10
    Totals1010393*5*10751010109
    Affiliate Members
    AlabamaY1
    DenverY1
    Fresno StateY1
    TennesseeY1

    Women's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

    SchoolAcrobatics & Tumbling[lower-alpha 1]Beach VolleyballRifle[lower-alpha 2]
    BaylorNCATANoNo
    TCUNoCoastal Collegiate Sports Association[27]Patriot Rifle Conference
    West VirginiaNoNoGreat America Rifle Conference
    1. Part of the NCAA Emerging Sports for Women program.
    2. Rifle is often categorized as a men's sport because the NCAA bylaws that establish scholarship limits for each sport list rifle as a men's sport.[26] Nonetheless, it is an open coed sport in NCAA college athletics, with men's, women's, and coed teams in all NCAA divisions competing against each other. TCU and West Virginia both field coed teams. Through 2018, West Virginia with 19 national titles and TCU with two, together have won over half of the NCAA titles awarded since the inaugural NCAA championship in 1980. West Virginia also won four pre-NCAA national titles.

    History

    The Big 12 Conference was formed in February 1994 when four prominent colleges from Texas that were members of the Southwest Conference were invited to join the eight members of the Big Eight Conference to form a new 12 member conference. The Big 12 does not claim the Big Eight's history as its own, even though it was essentially the Big Eight plus the four Texas schools.

    The Big 12 began athletic play in the fall of 1996, with the Texas Tech vs. Kansas State football game being the first-ever sports event staged by the conference. From its formation until 2011, its 12 members competed in two divisions in most sports. The Oklahoma and Texas schools formed the South Division, while the other six teams of the former Big Eight formed the North Division.

    Between 2011 and 2012 four charter members left the conference, while two schools joined in 2012.

    Distinctive elements

    Original Big 12 Conference logo from 1996 to 2004
    Big 12 Conference logo from 2004 to 2014

    Football championship game takes hiatus, returns in 2017

    The Big 12 is unique among the current "Power Five" conferences in that it only has 10 members, despite the name, causing some confusion. From 1987 to 2015, 12 or more members were required for an "exempt" conference championship game—that is, one that did not count against NCAA limits for regular-season games (currently 12 in FBS)—although the first such game was not established until the SEC did so in 1992.[28] (Since the 2014 season, the Pac-12 has 12 members, while the ACC, Big Ten, and SEC have 14 football members each.)

    Former Texas Athletic Director DeLoss Dodds and former football coach Mack Brown, along with Oklahoma football coach Bob Stoops, preferred not to have a championship game.[29] Critics argued it was a competitive advantage over other contract conferences. Conferences with a championship game have their division champions typically play one of their toughest games of the year in the last week of the regular season. Unlike the other "Power 5" conferences in which a team only plays a portion of the other teams in the conference each season, each Big 12 team plays the other nine teams during its conference schedule. This theoretically allows for the declaration of a de facto champion without the need for an additional rematch between the top two teams in the conference.

    On June 3, 2016, the conference announced it would reinstate the football championship game in the 2017 season.[30] This followed the passage of a new NCAA rule allowing all FBS conferences to hold "exempt" football championship games regardless of their membership numbers.[31]

    Population base

    The Big 12 schools are located in the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, West Virginia and Iowa. These states have a combined population of 37.8 million.

    As of 2013, out of the 115.6 million TV households nationwide there are 13,427,130 TV households in those states (11.6%),[32][33] although Morgantown, West Virginia where WVU is based is in the Pittsburgh television market, which increases the Big 12's television base well into Pennsylvania, and Lawrence, Kansas, where KU is based, is in the Kansas City television market, increasing the base into western Missouri. The Big 12's share of the nation's TVs is similar to that reached by the rest of the Power Five. The conference negotiated tier 1 and 2 TV contracts with total payouts similar to those of the other Power Five conferences.[34]

    Grant of Rights

    Member schools granted their first and second tier sports media rights to the conference for the length of their current TV deals. The Grant of Rights (GOR) deal with the leagues' TV contracts ensures that "if a Big 12 school leaves for another league in the next 13 years, that school's media rights, including revenue, would remain with the Big 12 and not its new conference."[35]

    GOR is seen by league members as a "foundation of stability" and allowed the Big 12 to be "positioned with one of the best media rights arrangements in collegiate sports, providing the conference and its members unprecedented revenue growth, and sports programming over two networks." All members agreed to the GOR and later agreed to extend the initial 6-year deal to 13 years to correspond to the length of their TV contracts.[36]

    Prior to this agreement, the Big Ten and Pac-12 also had similar GOR agreements.[37] The Big 12 subsequently assisted the ACC in drafting its GOR agreement.[38] Four of the five major conferences now have such agreements, with the SEC the only exception.

    Tier 3 events

    The Big 12 is the only major conference that allows members to monetize TV rights for tier 3 events in football and men's basketball.[39] This allows individual Big 12 member institutions to create tier 3 deals that include TV rights for one home football game and four home men's basketball games per season. Tier 3 rights exist for other sports as well, but these are not unique to the Big 12. The unique arrangement potentially allows Big 12 members to remain some of college sports' highest revenue earners. Other conferences' cable deals are subject to value reductions based on how people acquire cable programming; Big 12 schools' tier 3 deals are exempt.[40] Texas alone will earn more than $150 million of that total from their Longhorn Network.[41]

    Revenue

    Conference revenue comes mostly from television contracts, bowl games, the NCAA, merchandise, licensing and conference-hosted sporting events. The Conference distributes revenue annually to member institutions.[48] From 1996 to 2011, 57 percent of revenue was allotted equally; while 43 percent was based upon the number of football and men's basketball television appearances and other factors.[49][50] In 2011, the distribution was 76 percent equal and 24 percent based on television appearances. Changing the arrangement requires a unanimous vote; as a Big 12 member, Nebraska and Texas A&M had withheld support for more equitable revenue distribution.[49]

    With this model, larger schools can receive more revenue because they appear more often on television. In 2006, for example, Texas received $10.2 million, 44% more than Baylor University's $7.1 million.[51]

    Big 12 revenue was generally less than other BCS conferences; this was due in part to television contracts signed with Fox Sports Net (four years for $48 million) and ABC/ESPN (eight years for $480 million).[52]

    In 2011, the Big 12 announced a new 13-year media rights deal with Fox that would ensure that every Big 12 home football game is televised, as well as greatly increasing coverage of women's basketball, conference championships and other sports.[53] The deal, valued at an estimated $1.1 billion, runs until 2025.[54] In 2012, the conference announced a new ESPN/FOX agreement, replacing the current ABC/ESPN deal, to immediately increase national media broadcasts of football and increase conference revenue;[55] the new deal was estimated to be worth $2.6 billion through the 2025 expiration.[56] The two deals pushed the conference per-school payout to approximately $20 million per year, while separating third-tier media rights into separate deals for each school; such contracts secured an additional $6 million to $20 million per school annually.[57] The per-school payout under the deal is expected to reach $44 million, according to Commissioner Bob Bowlsby.[58]

    Revenue ranking

    Revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Data is from United States Department of Education.[59]

    2014–15 Conference Rank Institution 2014–15 Total Revenue from Athletics[60] 2014–15 Total Expenses on Athletics[60] 2014–15 Average Spending per student-athlete[61]
    1 University of Texas at Austin $179,555,311 $152,853,239 $218,050
    2 University of Oklahoma $135,660,070 $124,732,244 $170,866
    3 Baylor University $106,078,643 $106,078,643 $153,737
    4 University of Kansas $103,326,170 $103,326,170 $177,536
    5 West Virginia University $87,265,473 $87,265,473 $147,159
    6 Oklahoma State University $85,645,208 $80,196,450 $123,189
    7 Texas Christian University $80,608,562 $80,608,562 $145,766
    8 Kansas State University $76,245,188 $66,449,920 $110,016
    9 Texas Tech University $69,858,256 $64,245,380 $123,207
    10 Iowa State University $65,733,110 $65,658,901 $129,396

    Facilities

    School Football stadium Capacity Basketball arena Capacity Baseball stadium Capacity
    Baylor McLane Stadium 45,140 Ferrell Center 10,284 Baylor Ballpark 5,000
    Iowa State Jack Trice Stadium 61,500[62] Hilton Coliseum 14,356 Non-baseball school[lower-alpha 1]
    Kansas David Booth Kansas Memorial Stadium 47,000[65] Allen Fieldhouse 16,300 Hoglund Ballpark 2,500
    Kansas State Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium 50,000[66] Bramlage Coliseum 12,528 Tointon Family Stadium 2,000
    Oklahoma Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium 80,126[67] Lloyd Noble Center 11,562 L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park 3,180
    Oklahoma State Boone Pickens Stadium 55,509[68] Gallagher-Iba Arena 13,611 O'Brate Stadium 3,500[lower-alpha 2]
    Texas Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium 100,119[70] Frank Erwin Center 16,540 UFCU Disch-Falk Field 6,649
    TCU Amon G. Carter Stadium 47,000[71] Schollmaier Arena 6,700[72] Lupton Stadium 4,500
    Texas Tech Jones AT&T Stadium 60,862[73][74][75][76] United Supermarkets Arena 15,098 Dan Law Field at Rip Griffin Park 4,528
    West Virginia Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium 60,000[77] WVU Coliseum 14,000[78] Monongalia County Ballpark 3,500[79]
    1. Iowa State discontinued its participation in baseball as an NCAA-recognized activity following the 2001 season.[63] It participates in club baseball as a member of the National Club Baseball Association. Games are played at Cap Timm Field, capacity 3,000.[64]
    2. Permanent seated capacity; expandable to 8,000.[69]

    Championships

    National championships

    The following is a list of all NCAA, equestrian, and college football championships won by teams that were representing the Big 12 Conference in NCAA-recognized sports at the time of their championship.[80] The most recent Big 12 teams to win national titles were Baylor's men's basketball team, Texas’ women's tennis team, and Texas’ women’s rowing team, and Oklahoma’s softball team in 2021.

    National team titles by institution

    The national championships listed below are as of March 2016. Football, Helms, pre-NCAA competition and overall equestrian titles are included in the total, but excluded from the column listing NCAA and AIAW titles.

    Big 12 National Championships
    SchoolTotal titlesTitles as a member
    of the Big 12
    NCAA titles[81]AIAW titlesNotes
    Texas5924505UT has 4 football titles
    Oklahoma State521052
    Oklahoma382031OU has 7 NCAA football titles
    West Virginia23420WVU has 3 pre-NCAA rifle titles
    Iowa State180135
    Kansas13211KU has 2 Helms basketball titles
    Baylor655Baylor has 1 Equestrian title
    TCU604TCU has 2 football titles
    Texas Tech212
    Kansas State000
    Total2136218310

    Conference champions

    The Conference sponsors 23 sports, 10 men's and 13 women's.[82]

    In football, divisional titles were awarded based on regular-season conference results, with the teams with the best conference records from the North and South playing in the Big 12 Championship Game from 1996 to 2010. Baseball, basketball, softball, tennis and women's soccer titles are awarded in both regular-season and tournament play. Cross country, golf, gymnastics, swimming and diving, track and field, and wrestling titles are awarded during an annual meet of participating teams. The volleyball title is awarded based on regular-season play.

    Conference titles by school

    All-Time Big 12 Championships By School Through May 5, 2021.[83]

    Team Season Regular Season[84] Postseason[84] Total[84]
    Baylor Bears 1997–present 49 39 88
    Iowa State Cyclones 1997–present 4 24 28
    Kansas Jayhawks 1997–present 23 18 41
    Kansas State Wildcats 1997–present 11 7 17
    Oklahoma Sooners 1997–present 33 52 85
    Oklahoma State Cowboys 1997–present 13 69 82
    TCU Horned Frogs 2013–present 8 4 12
    Texas Longhorns 1997–present 58 139 197
    Texas Tech Red Raiders 1997–present 13 14 27
    West Virginia Mountaineers 2013–present 6 5 11

    Note, includes both regular-season, tournament titles, and co-championships. List does not include conference championships won prior to the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996.

    Football

    The first football game in conference play was Texas Tech vs. Kansas State in 1996, won by Kansas State, 21–14.[85]

    From 1996 to 2010, Big 12 Conference teams played eight conference games a season. Each team faced all five opponents within its own division and three teams from the opposite division. Inter-divisional play was a "three-on, three-off" system, where teams would play three teams from the other division on a home-and-home basis for two seasons, and then play the other three foes from the opposite side for a two-year home-and-home.

    This format came under considerable criticism, especially from Nebraska and Oklahoma, who were denied a yearly match between two of college football's most storied programs. The Nebraska-Oklahoma rivalry was one of the most intense in college football history. (Until 2006, the teams had never met in the Big 12 Championship.) Due to the departure of Nebraska and Colorado in 2011, the Big 12 eliminated the divisions (and championship game) and instituted a nine-game round-robin format. With the advent of the College Football Playoff committee looking at teams' strength of schedule for picking the four playoff teams, on December 8, 2015 the Big 12 announced an annual requirement for all Big 12 teams to schedule a non-conference game against a team from the four other Power Five conferences (plus Notre Dame).[86] Per Big 12 commissioner Bob Bowlsby: "Schedule strength is a key component in CFP Selection Committee deliberations. This move will strengthen the resumes for all Big 12 teams. Coupled with the nine-game full round robin Conference schedule our teams play, it will not only benefit the teams at the top of our standings each season, but will impact the overall strength of the Conference."[86]

    Championship game

    The Big 12 Championship Game game was approved by all members except Nebraska.[87] It was held each year, commencing with the first match in the 1996 season at the Trans World Dome in St. Louis. It pitted the division champions against each other after the regular season was completed.

    Following the 2008 game, the event was moved to the new Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, being played there in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, the Sooners defeated the Cornhuskers 23–20.[88]

    After 2010, the game was moved to Arlington for 2011, 2012, and 2013.[89] However, the decision became moot following the 2010 season because the league lacked sufficient members.[90]

    In April 2015, the ACC and the Big 12 developed new rules for the NCAA to deregulate conference championship games. The measure passed on January 14, 2016, allowing a conference with fewer than 12 teams to stage a championship game that does not count against the FBS limit of 12 regular-season games under either of the following circumstances:

    • The game involves the top two teams following a full round-robin conference schedule.
    • The game involves two divisional winners, each having played a full round-robin schedule in its division.

    Under the first criterion, the Big 12 championship game resumed at the conclusion of the 2017 regular season, and is played during the first weekend of December, the time all other FBS conference championship games are played.

    Bowl affiliations

    The following were bowl games for the Big 12 for the 2019 season.

    Pick Name[91] Location Opposing conference
    College Football Playoff
    1 Sugar Bowl† New Orleans, Louisiana SEC
    2 Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Pac-12
    3 Camping World Bowl Orlando, Florida ACC
    4 Texas Bowl Houston, Texas SEC
    5 Liberty Bowl Memphis, Tennessee SEC
    6 Cheez-It Bowl Tempe, Arizona ACC
    7 First Responder Bowl University Park, Texas Conference USA
    †:The Big 12 champion will go to the Sugar Bowl unless selected for the College Football Playoff.
    In the event that the conference champion is selected for the playoff,
    the conference runner up will go to the Sugar Bowl.

    Rivalries

    Rivalries (primarily in football) mostly predate the conference. The Kansas–Missouri rivalry was the longest running, the longest west of the Mississippi and the second longest in college football. It was played 119 times before Missouri left the Big 12. As of October 2012, the University of Kansas' athletic department had not accepted Missouri's invitations to play inter-conference rivalry games, putting the rivalry on hold. Sports clubs sponsored by the two universities continued to play each other.[92]

    The rivalry between TCU and Baylor, known as the Revivalry is also one of the longest running in college football, with the two schools having played each other — largely as Southwest Conference members — 114 times since 1899. As of the 2019 game, TCU leads the series 55–53–7.

    The Oklahoma-Texas rivalry, the Red River Showdown is one year younger and has been played 108 times. This was a major rivalry decades before they were both in the conference, starting the year after the Revivalry in 1900. As of the 2019 game, Texas leads this rivalry 62–48–5.

    Some of the longstanding football rivalries between Big 12 schools include:

    RivalryNameTrophyGames
    played
    Began
    Baylor–TCUThe Revivalry1151899
    Baylor–Texas TechTexas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout781929
    Iowa State–Kansas StateFarmageddon1031917
    Kansas–Kansas StateSunflower ShowdownGovernor's Cup1121902
    Oklahoma–Oklahoma StateBedlamBedlam Bell1141904
    Oklahoma–TexasRed River ShowdownGolden Hat1151900
    Oklahoma State–Texas Tech471935
    TCU–Texas TechThe West Texas ChampionshipThe Saddle Trophy621926
    Texas–Texas TechChancellor's Spurs691928

    Rivalries with former members

    RivalryNameTrophyGames
    played
    BeganLast meeting
    Baylor–Texas A&MBattle of the Brazos10818992011
    Colorado–Nebraska6918982018
    Iowa State–MissouriTelephone Trophy[93]10418962011
    Kansas–MissouriBorder WarIndian War Drum[93]12018912011
    Kansas–Nebraska11718922010
    Missouri–NebraskaVictory Bell10418922010
    Missouri–OklahomaTiger–Sooner Peace Pipe9619022011
    Nebraska–Oklahoma8619122010
    Texas A&M–Texas Tech7019272011
    Texas–Texas A&MLone Star ShowdownLone Star Showdown Trophy11818942011

    Men's basketball

    From 1996 to 2011, standings in conference play were not split among divisions, although the schedule was structured as if they were. Teams played a home-and-home against teams within their "division"s and a single game against teams from the opposite division for a total of 16 conference games. After Nebraska and Colorado left, Big 12 play transitioned to an 18-game, double round robin schedule.[94]

    Conference champions

    Big 12 basketball teams currently play a "home and away" double round robin 18-game schedule, expanded from 16 games after the 2011 realignment. All teams in the conference qualify for the Big 12 tournament. Because of this, the only time a team will not play is if they are ineligible for postseason play due to disciplinary action from the NCAA, which has yet to happen since the Big 12's inception, however, it will happen for the first time for the 2021 tournament. From 1996–97 to 2010–11, teams played in-division members twice and non-division members only once. The conference tournament gave first round byes to the top four teams from 1997 until 2012, and the top six teams from 2013 to present.

    Kansas has the most Big 12 titles, winning or sharing the regular-season title 18 times in the league's 23 seasons, including 14 straight from 2004–05 to 2017–18. The 2002 Jayhawks became the first, and so far only, team to complete an undefeated Big 12 regular season, going 16–0. Though rematches between Big 12 regular season co-champions have happened in that year's Big 12 tournament, none have met in the ensuing NCAA Tournament.

    Season Regular season champion Tournament champion
    1996–97 Kansas Kansas
    1997–98 Kansas (2) Kansas (2)
    1998–99 Texas Kansas (3)
    1999–00 Iowa State Iowa State
    2000–01 Iowa State (2) Oklahoma
    2001–02 Kansas (3) Oklahoma (2)
    2002–03 Kansas (4) Oklahoma (3)
    2003–04 Oklahoma State Oklahoma State
    2004–05 Oklahoma
    Kansas (5)
    Oklahoma State (2)
    2005–06 Texas (2)
    Kansas (6)
    Kansas (4)
    2006–07 Kansas (7) Kansas (5)
    2007–08 Texas (3)
    Kansas (8)
    Kansas (6)
    2008–09 Kansas (9) Missouri
    2009–10 Kansas (10) Kansas (7)
    2010–11 Kansas (11) Kansas (8)
    2011–12 Kansas (12) Missouri (2)
    2012–13 Kansas (13)
    Kansas State
    Kansas (9)
    2013–14 Kansas (14) Iowa State (2)
    2014–15 Kansas (15) Iowa State (3)
    2015–16 Kansas (16) Kansas (10)
    2016–17 Kansas (17) Iowa State (4)
    2017–18 Kansas (18) Kansas (11)
    2018–19 Kansas State (2)
    Texas Tech
    Iowa State (5)
    2019–20 Kansas (19) Canceled*
    2020–21 Baylor Texas

    In 2004–05, Oklahoma won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 71–63 win over the Jayhawks in Norman, OK. The teams did not meet in Kansas City, MO.
    In 2005–06, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 80–55 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 80–68 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Dallas, TX.
    In 2007–08, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 72–69 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 84–74 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Kansas City, MO.
    In 2012–13, Kansas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas State based on winning 59–55 in Manhattan and 83–62 in Lawrence. Kansas beat Kansas State for a third time 70–54 in the championship game in Kansas City, MO.
    *The 2020 Big 12 Tournament was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic

    NCAA tournament performance

    Totals through the end of the 2020–21 season.[95]

    SchoolAppearancesFinal FoursChampionships
    Baylor 13 3 1
    Iowa State 20 1 0
    Kansas 49 15 3
    Kansas State 31 4 0
    Oklahoma 33 6 0
    Oklahoma State 29 6 2
    TCU 8 0 0
    Texas 35 3 0
    Texas Tech 18 1 0
    West Virginia 30 2 0

    *Texas Tech has appeared in 19 tournaments, however, their 1996 Tournament appearance was vacated by the NCAA, officially giving them 18 tournament appearances.

    All-time records

    Totals through the end of the 2018–19 season.[96]

    TeamBig 12 RecordBig 12 Winning %Overall RecordOverall Winning %Big 12 Regular Season ChampionshipsBig 12 Tournament Championships
    Baylor 158–226 .411 1379–1378 .500 1 -
    Colorado 95–145 .396 - - - -
    Iowa State 181–184 .496 1376–1323 .510 2 5
    Kansas 314–70 .805 2274–859 .818 18 11
    Kansas State 180–204 .469 1652–1158 .585 2 -
    Missouri 139–119 .539 - - - 2
    Nebraska 97–143 .404 - - - -
    Oklahoma 220–164 .573 1685–1083 .613 1 3
    Oklahoma State 199–185 .518 1659–1178 .587 1 2
    TCU 30–96 .238 1228–1407 .459 - -
    Texas 233–151 .607 1789–1088 .627 3 -
    Texas A&M 98–160 .380 - - - -
    Texas Tech 150–234 .391 1427–1111 .556 1 -
    West Virginia 66–60 .524 1771–1100 .616 - -

    All Time Series Record

      vs. Baylor vs. Iowa State vs. Kansas vs. Kansas State vs. Oklahoma vs. Oklahoma State vs. TCU vs. Texas vs. Texas Tech vs. West Virginia
    Baylor 22-20 7-34 23-23 20-45 32-55 103-85 94-163 62-80 12-8
    Iowa State 20-22 66-184 80-142 91-117 66-67 12-11 18-24 20-17 7-9
    Kansas 33-6 184-66 198-94 150-68 118-59 19-2 35-9 37-6 14-5
    Kansas State 23-20 142-90 94-198 101-110 80-56 17-8 22-18 24-20 8-12
    Oklahoma 45-20 117-91 68-150 100-101 139-100 25-4 56-41 40-27 8-9
    Oklahoma State 55-32 67-66 59-118 56-80 100-139 25-9 45-52 43-23 8-9
    TCU 85-103 11-12 2-19 8-17 4-25 9-25 68-113 52-84 3-14
    Texas 163-94 24-18 9-35 18-22 41-56 52-45 113-68 86-60 12-9
    Texas Tech 80-62 17-20 6-37 20-24 27-40 23-43 84-52 60-86 6-14
    West Virginia 8-12 7-9 5-14 12-8 9-8 9-8 14-3 12-9 14-6
    Total 375–513 380–593 788–315 511–532 598–543 458–528 242–412 175–111 232–378 77–77 Reference:[96]

    Totals though the end of the 2020–21 season. Includes any regular season or postseason meetings.

    Baseball

    All current Big 12 members sponsor baseball except Iowa State, which dropped the sport after the 2001 season. All former Big 12 members sponsored the sport throughout their tenures in the conference except Colorado, which never sponsored baseball during its time in the Big 12.[97]

    By school

    • As of the completion of the 2018 tournament.
    School Appearances W-L Pct Tourney Titles Title Years
    Baylor 21 35–37 .486 1 2018
    Iowa State 1 1–2 .333 0
    Kansas 9 10–17 .370 1 2006
    Kansas State 10 14–18 .438 0
    Missouri 13 22–19 .536 1 2012
    Nebraska 10 28–10 .737 4 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005
    Oklahoma 21 36–35 .507 2 1997, 2013
    Oklahoma State 19 25–35 .417 2 2004, 2017, 2019
    TCU 5 12–7 .632 2 2014, 2016
    Texas 18 41–29 .586 5 2002, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2015
    Texas A&M 13 24–18 .571 3 2007, 2010, 2011
    Texas Tech 17 18–34 .346 1 1998
    West Virginia 5 8–8 .500 0

    Broadcasting

    The Big 12's media rights are controlled primarily by ESPN and Fox Sports, which reached a 13-year agreement in 2012 valued at $2.6 billion in total. The Big 12's top football rights are split between ESPN and Fox, while the basketball inventory is held exclusively by ESPN. The agreement also included a grant of rights for all current Big 12 teams over the period of the contract.[98]

    In addition to the national agreement, each Big 12 school maintained the right to sell its "third-tier" covering selected events per-season (including one football game, basketball games, and other events outside of those sports). The third-tier rights to the Texas Longhorns are held through a channel dedicated to the team — Longhorn Network — which is operated by ESPN. In 2019, ESPN announced that it would acquire the third-tier rights to all Big 12 teams through 2024-25 (excluding Oklahoma and Texas, which are still under long-term contracts with Fox Sports Oklahoma and Longhorn Network respectively), and place their content on its subscription streaming service ESPN+. ESPN also acquired exclusive rights to all future Big 12 football championship games, replacing the previous alternation between ESPN and Fox.[99][100][101]

    Apparel

    School Provider
    Baylor Nike
    Iowa State Nike
    Kansas Adidas
    Kansas State Nike
    Oklahoma Nike
    Air Jordan
    Oklahoma State Nike
    Texas Nike
    TCU Nike
    Texas Tech Under Armour
    West Virginia Nike

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