B-segment

The B-segment is the 2nd category of the European segments for passenger cars, which is described as "small cars".[1][2] It is equivalent to the subcompact category in the United States and the supermini category in Great Britain.[3][4] The Euro NCAP vehicle class called “Supermini” also includes smaller A-segment cars.[5]

2020 Best-Selling
Renault Clio 5th generation (2019-present)
Peugeot 208 2nd generation (2019-present)
Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 6th generation (2019-present)
Toyota Yaris 4th generation (2020-present)

Definition

The European segments are not based on size or weight criteria.[1] In practice, B-segment cars have been described as having a length of approximately 4 metres (13 ft).[6][3]

As of 2021 B-segment category size span from approx. 3.7m to 4.1m (photo comparison of new compact cars of all brands sorted by length):

New small cars comparison with dimensions and boot capacity [7]

B-segment category are smaller cars than the compact category, but with more space than the city category keeping tight dimensions for easy parking.

The term B-Segment is also used in India, however the definition of the segment differs from that used in Europe.[8]

Characteristics

Body styles for B-segment cars in Europe are predominantly hatchbacks, and much less sedans and wagons/estates.

History

Current models

In 2020 the fifteen highest selling B-segment cars in Europe were the Renault Clio, Peugeot 208, Opel/Vauxhall Corsa, Toyota Yaris, Volkswagen Polo, Dacia Sandero, Ford Fiesta, Citroën C3, Mini, Renault Zoe, Skoda Fabia, Hyundai i20, Seat Ibiza, Audi A1 and Suzuki Swift. [9]


200.000 - 300.000 sales (Best-Selling)


100.000 - 200.000 sales


50.000 - 100.000 sales

Sales figures in Europe

2020
rank
BrandModel20132014201520162017 2018 2019 2020 % change

(2019-2020)

1 Renault Clio 283,749 299,623 303,240 310,944 321,472 328,860 317,645 248,602 -22%
2 Peugeot 208 237,266 214,547 228,088 247,379 242,589 230,107 224,848 199,316 -11%
3 Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 240,005 250,342 268,846 262,939 231,434 216,267 221,630 198,887 -10%
4 Toyota Yaris 163,326 169,016 182,407 192,005 198,578 215,968 211,216 179,867 -15%
5 Volkswagen Polo 264,763 279,463 301,462 307,462 271,369 295,403 257,804 169,467 -34%
6 Dacia Sandero 121,169 138,709 147,497 167,766 194,996 211,680 223,186 167,032 -25%
7 Ford Fiesta 292,715 308,345 313,610 298,999 255,602 270,931 228,959 156,067 -32%
8 Citroën C3 113,625 129,612 123,443 133,566 205,272 208,941 210,465 149,284 -29%
9 Mini Mini Hatch x x x x x x 134,594 110,664 -18%
10 Renault Zoe 8,774 11,090 18,469 21,240 30,134 37,782 45,129 99,432 +120%
11 Škoda Fabia 125,687 116,337 159,927 175,264 177,116 166,522 155,136 97,906 -37%
12 Hyundai i20 82,139 83,903 91,758 98,956 100,571 91,272 84,218 63,301 -25%
13 SEAT Ibiza 110,413 112,928 118,055 120,465 117,780 102,695 99,647 62,832 -37%
14 Audi A1 x x x x x x 77,868 58,224 -25%
15 Suzuki Swift 51,878 49,854 54,442 44,378 38,576 55,654 59,875 51,134 -15%
16 Lancia Ypsilon x x x x x x 58,820 43,076 -27%
17 Nissan Micra 48,088 60,318 66,147 60,212 86,489 77,815 65,240 39,721 -39%
18 Dacia Logan 27,656 54,549 56,144 51,055 54,029 62,511 61,304 38,408 -37%
19 Kia Rio 58,041 58,425 63,930 67,622 70,309 45,654 39,721 33,052 -17%
20 Honda Jazz 42,548 37,645 30,510 37,005 34,898 37,894 30,730 25,182 -18%
21 Fiat 500L - - - - - 50,224 36,495 21,883 -40%
22 Mazda Mazda2 23,604 24,289 35,478 36,463 31,703 32,426 37,346 16,402 -56%
23 Honda Honda e - - - - - - 0 4,028 New
24 MG MG 3 209 1,628 2,603 3,243 3,093 2,692 3,820 2,547 -33%
25 Suzuki Baleno - - - 14,521 18,518 15,530 14,429 2,296 -84%
26 Hyundai ix20 - - - - - 16,893 726 -96%
27 Kia Venga - - - - - 9,602 98 -99%
28 Ford Ka+ - - - 10,588 51,277 51,057 51,482 66 -100%
29 Fiat Punto 104,000 86,955 79,202 62,654 49,688 29,442 480 27 -94%
30 DS Automobiles DS 3 65,454 53,074 x x x x 6,492 12 -100%
31 Alfa Romeo MiTo x x x x x x 669 0 -100%
32 Lada Kalina - - - 1,048 653 341 120 0 -100%
33 Lada Granta - - - 616 998 380 39 0 -100%
34 Nissan Note - - - - - - 9 0 -100%
35 Ford B-Max - - - - - - 3 0 -100%
Peugeot 207 49,865 16,110 1,401 21 2 10 - -
Chevrolet Aveo 22,686 3,774 140 37 3 0 - -
Mitsubishi Colt 7,825 222 19 1 1 3 - -
Peugeot 206 2,462 43 - - - - - -
Toyota Urban Cruiser 1,257 355 24 - - - - -
Renault Symbol/Thalia 1,056 5 - - - - - -
Mainstream 2,498,729 2,563,363 2,646,842 2,724,785 2,787,150 2,787,837
Premium 208,659 207,599 287,754 284,475 320,699 283,695
Segment

total

2,985,782 2,239,539 -25%
Source [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Notes:

Jump in total sales after 2019 year is because premium cars are included.

From 2013-2018 premium cars are not included in total sales (sales are marked by "x").

Premium brands and models are marked italic.

Electric cars are included in B-segment.

Market share in Europe

2019 - Sales of subcompact cars, Europe’s largest segment by volume, are down 6% in 2019 to drop below 3 million, which means the segment now makes up 19.1% of the European car market, down from 20.4% in 2018. [18]

2020 - European sales of subcompact cars, Europe’s largest segment by volume, were down 25% in 2020 to 2.24 million units, which means the segment now makes up 18.7% of the European car market, down from 19.7% in 2019. [19]

Market share in other countries

In the United States, Subcompact segment cars represented 1.5% of the market share. Subcompact car sales in the US are down 38% in 2020, in an overall market down 14%, making it the worst performing class, equal to large sedans. At just under 215,800 sales, this is the lowest sales in this segment since 2005.


See also

References

  1. "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). www.europa.eu. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. "Impact on the Competitiveness of the European Automotive Industry of Potential FTA with India and ASEAN" (PDF). www.europa.eu. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2013.
  3. Jacobs, Andrew James (2016). The new domestic automakers in the United States and Canada: history, impacts, and prospects. Lexington Books. p. 33. ISBN 9780739188262. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. Maxton, Graeme P.; Wormald, John (2004). Time for a Model Change: Re-engineering the Global Automotive Industry. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780521837156. Retrieved 19 July 2017. B-segment cars.
  5. "Latest Safety Ratings". www.euroncap.com. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  6. Meadows, Jordan (2017). Vehicle Design: aesthetic principles in transportation design. Routledge. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9781138685604. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  7. "New small cars comparison with dimensions and boot capacity". www.automobiledimension.com. April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  8. "Get your car segments right". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  9. "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  10. "European sales 2013 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  11. "European sales 2014 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  12. "European sales 2015 Subcompact segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  13. "European sales 2016 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  14. "European sales 2017 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  15. "European sales 2018 Subcompact car segment". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  16. "European sales 2019 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  17. "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  18. "European sales 2019 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  19. "European sales 2020 Subcompact cars". www.carsalesbase.com. February 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
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