Amélie Simone Mauresmo (French pronunciation: [ameli simɔn moʁɛsmo]; born 5 July 1979) is a French retired professional tennis player and former world No. 1. Mauresmo won two Grand Slam singles titles, at the Australian Open and at Wimbledon, and also won the silver medal in singles at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
|Born||5 July 1979|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Retired||3 December 2009|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Coach||Loïc Courteau (2002–2008)|
Hugo Lecoq (2008–2009)
|Int. Tennis HoF||2015 (member page)|
|Career record||545–227 (70.65%)|
|Career titles||25 (2 ITF)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (13 September 2004)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (2006)|
|French Open||QF (2003, 2004)|
|US Open||SF (2002, 2006)|
|Grand Slam Cup||QF (1999)|
|Tour Finals||W (2005)|
|Career titles||3 (2 ITF)|
|Highest ranking||No. 29 (26 June 2006)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1999)|
|French Open||2R (1997, 1998)|
|US Open||3R (1999)|
|Fed Cup||W (2003)|
|Coaching career (2013–)|
|Coachee Singles Titles total||8|
|List of notable tournaments|
Mauresmo first attained the top ranking on 13 September 2004, holding it for five weeks on that occasion. She was the fifteenth World No. 1 in women's tennis since the computer rankings began. She is well known for her powerful one-handed backhand and strong net play. She officially announced her retirement from professional tennis on 3 December 2009, ending a career of fifteen years. In 2010 she started her career as a coach for several WTA and ATP players, including Andy Murray.
Mauresmo was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2015.
Mauresmo was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, slightly northwest of Paris. She began playing tennis at the age of four, after being inspired by Yannick Noah's win in the 1983 French Open on television. It was after his win that Mauresmo's parents bought her her first tennis racket. Later on in 1998 Yannick Noah picked her on the French team for the Fed Cup. Her mother Françoise is a housewife and her father Francis, who died in March 2004, was an engineer. She has a brother, Fabien, who is an engineer.
In 1996, Mauresmo captured both the junior French Open and Wimbledon women's singles titles. She was named 1996 Junior World Champion by the International Tennis Federation.
The unseeded Mauresmo reached the Australian Open final in 1999 with wins over three seeded players, including world no. 1 Lindsay Davenport, before falling to world no. 2 Martina Hingis. Mauresmo was only the second Frenchwoman ever to reach the Australian Open final; (Mary Pierce was the first, winning the championship in 1995). She was only the third Frenchwoman to reach any Grand Slam final during the Open Era.
Mauresmo defeated Hingis later in the year, en route to the final of the Paris indoor event.
After the defeat of Davenport at the Australian Open, Mauresmo, 19 at the time, came out as gay to the international press. She "attributed her success on the court to coming to terms with her sexuality and finding love."
2004: Olympic Silver, world No.1
Mauresmo reached the semifinals at Wimbledon, where she lost to Serena Williams in three sets after winning the first set and up a break in the second set. She reached the quarterfinals of the three other Grand Slam tournaments and won three Tier I titles in Rome, Berlin, and Montreal.
Mauresmo won a silver medal in singles at the Olympic Games in Athens, where she was defeated by Belgian Justine Henin in the final.
On 13 September 2004, Mauresmo became the first French tennis player to become world no. 1 since the computer rankings began in the 1970s. She held that ranking for five weeks and was the second woman, after Kim Clijsters, to have attained the top spot without having won a Grand Slam title.
2005: WTA Tour Championship crown
Mauresmo reached the quarter-finals of the Australian Open, but was defeated there by eventual champion Serena Williams.
At the French Open, seeded third, Mauresmo was upset in the third round by the then little-known 17-year-old Ana Ivanovic of Serbia in three sets. Mauresmo had, at the Australian Open earlier in the year, become the first player to defeat the Serb in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament, winning in straight sets also in the third round.
Mauresmo claimed her first singles title at the WTA Tour Championships. She defeated Pierce in the final after losing to Pierce in a round-robin match at that tournament, in three sets.
2006: Two Grand Slam titles, back to No. 1
At the Australian Open, Mauresmo captured her first Grand Slam singles title, defeating Belgian former world No. 1 players Kim Clijsters and Justine Henin en route. Both opponents retired from their respective matches, Clijsters with a right ankle sprain in the third set of their semifinal and Henin from gastroenteritis in the final. Mauresmo was leading in both matches at the time of the retirements, by 6–1, 2–0 against Henin.
Mauresmo then won her next two tournaments, the Open Gaz de France tournament in Paris (defeating Mary Pierce in the final) and the Proximus Diamond Games in Antwerp, Belgium (defeating Clijsters in the final).
At the Qatar Total Open in Doha, Mauresmo defeated Martina Hingis in a semifinal, 6–2, 6–2, but lost to Nadia Petrova in the final. Had she won the final, she would have immediately regained the world no. 1 ranking from Clijsters. Nonetheless, the outcome was sufficient to ensure Mauresmo's return to the world number-one ranking on 20 March 2006.
Mauresmo then reached the semifinals of the Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne, Florida, where she lost to the eventual champion Svetlana Kuznetsova.
Mauresmo lost in the fourth round of the French Open to Czech teenager Nicole Vaidišová, 6–7, 6–1, 6–2. Mauresmo next suffered a first-round loss at the Wimbledon warm-up tournament in Eastbourne. However, Mauresmo and Kuznetsova won the doubles title there, their first as a team and Mauresmo's second overall.
Mauresmo was the top seed at Wimbledon. She defeated Anastasia Myskina in a quarterfinal and Maria Sharapova in a semifinal, and then came back from one set down to defeat Henin in the final 2–6, 6–3, 6–4. The victory was Mauresmo's second Grand Slam singles title and the first on grass. She was also the first Frenchwoman since Suzanne Lenglen to win Wimbledon. She remains the most recent woman to win Wimbledon with a single-handed backhand. The Wimbledon final was notable because it was the first and only time in the decade that neither Williams sister qualified for the final.
She then pulled out of the Fed Cup World Group I playoff tie against the Czech Republic due to a groin injury sustained during Wimbledon. She also withdrew from the Rogers Cup in Montreal.
Mauresmo then reached the final of the China Open, losing to Kuznetsova. During the tournament, Mauresmo won 137 ranking points to help preserve her world no. 1 ranking and ended a nine-match losing streak to Davenport stretching back to January 2000 in Sydney.
To conclude the year, Mauresmo reached the final of the WTA Tour Championships in Madrid, losing to Henin, 4–6, 3–6. Mauresmo finished the year ranked world No. 3, behind Henin and Sharapova.
2007: Out of the top 5
Mauresmo started the year in Australia with a quarterfinal loss to Jelena Janković at the tournament in Sydney. At the Australian Open, Mauresmo lost in the fourth round to Lucie Šafářová, 4–6, 3–6, after winning her first three matches in straight sets.
Mauresmo's next tournament was the Open Gaz de France, where she lost in the semifinals to Nadia Petrova, 7–5, 4–6, 6–7, after Mauresmo led 4–1 in the final set and had a match point in the tiebreak. This was Mauresmo's third loss in the last four matches with Petrova. In her next tournament at the Proximus Diamond Games in Antwerp, Belgium, Mauresmo defeated Kim Clijsters in the final. This was Mauresmo's third consecutive title there, earning her the diamond-encrusted racquet that comes with winning the title at least three times in five years. The trophy cost US$1.3 million. Mauresmo then played the Dubai Duty Free Women's Open, where she lost to Justine Henin in the final.
Mauresmo was scheduled to play the Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne, Florida, but was forced to withdraw because of acute appendicitis. She also withdrew from the Bausch & Lomb Championships in Amelia Island, Florida for the same reason. Although she had resumed training, she was not fit enough to compete at the J & S Cup in Warsaw, Poland.
At the Qatar Telecom German Open in Berlin, Mauresmo lost in the third round to Julia Vakulenko of Ukraine, and at the Internazionali d'Italia in Rome, she lost in the second round to Australian Samantha Stosur, 7–5, 7–6(4), 6–7(7), after Mauresmo led 5–3 in the third set. Going into the French Open, Mauresmo had played only three tournaments since the end of February. Mauresmo lost to Czech Lucie Šafářová in the third round, 3–6, 6–7(4), committing eight double faults and 49 unforced errors.
After losing to Henin in the final of the International Women's Open in Eastbourne, 5–7, 7–6, 6–7, after being up 4–1 in the deciding set, defending champion Mauresmo went into Wimbledon saying that she was ready to win another major title. However, she lost her fourth round match against Czech teen Nicole Vaidišová, 6–7, 6–4, 1–6. The loss dropped her to world No. 6, her first time outside the top five since November 2003.
She made her return to the tour at the China Open in Beijing. However, she lost in the quarterfinals to home-crowd favourite Peng Shuai. She then entered the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix, where she lost to Elena Dementieva in straight sets. At the Kremlin Cup in Moscow, Mauresmo lost in the first round to Vera Zvonareva. In Zürich, Mauresmo lost in the second round to Alona Bondarenko in three sets.
Mauresmo left Dunlop for HEAD racquets. The partnership was to run through 2010.
2008: Shadow of the champion
Her first tournament of the year was the Tier III Mondial Australian Women's Hardcourts in Gold Coast, Australia, where she lost in the quarterfinals to fourth-seeded Patty Schnyder. At the Australian Open in Melbourne, Mauresmo lost in the third round to Australian Casey Dellacqua, 6–3, 4–6, 4–6.
At her next tournament, the Tier II Open Gaz de France in Paris, Mauresmo lost in the quarterfinals to Anna Chakvetadze, 6–3, 3–6, 3–6.
Mauresmo played both tournaments in the Middle East. At the Tier I Qatar Total Open in Doha, she lost in the second round to Tamarine Tanasugarn, 6–7, 5–7. At the Tier II Barclays Dubai Tennis Championships, Mauresmo reached her third quarterfinal of the year, but was unable to hold off second seed and eventual finalist Svetlana Kuznetsova, losing 1–6, 6–7.
Mauresmo then lost in the third round of Tier-I events, the Pacific Life Open in Indian Wells and the Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne.
On clay at the Bausch & Lomb Championships in Amelia Island, Mauresmo lost in the quarterfinals to eventual runner-up Dominika Cibulková.
At the French Open, Mauresmo lost in the second round to a Spanish qualifier, Carla Suárez Navarro, 3–6, 4–6.
At the International Women's Open in Eastbourne, Mauresmo defeated sixth-seeded French woman Alizé Cornet in the first round, 6–1, 4–6, 7–5, but lost in the second round after retiring due to injury from her match with Australian Samantha Stosur while Mauresmo was leading 2–1.
At Wimbledon, Mauresmo lost in the third round to two-time former champion Serena Williams, 6–7, 1–6. Hampered by a thigh injury, Mauresmo trailed 5–0 in the second set before breaking Williams's serve, only to be broken herself in the next game and lose the match. Mauresmo said after the match, "I was not 100% in my movement but overall I thought there were some good moments in the first set. But I really started to feel the injury in the tiebreak, and I'm not going to talk about the second set."
Mauresmo, after a two-month hiatus from tennis due to a thigh injury sustained at Wimbledon, lost in the semifinals of the Western & Southern Financial Group Women's Open in Cincinnati, Ohio to Nathalie Dechy, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6. After the match, Mauresmo, sounding optimistic about her chances at the upcoming US Open, said "I got four matches in this week, which is what I was looking for. It would have been great to play five but I'll go to New Haven (Connecticut) hoping to find a little more rhythm and build up to the US Open." Mauresmo then lost in the semifinals of the Pilot Pen Tennis tournament (in New Haven) to top-seeded Chakvetadze 3–6, 6–3, 1–6. At the US Open, Mauresmo lost in the fourth round to 16th-seeded Flavia Pennetta 3–6, 0–6.
Mauresmo lost in the first round at Tokyo and Beijing, both times in long three-set defeats by Dominika Cibulková. She reached the second round in Moscow, falling to Dinara Safina, 7–6, 4–6, 4–6, and fell in the first round at Zurich to Belarusian teenager Victoria Azarenka.
She ended her year with a quarterfinal result at Luxembourg, losing to eventual champion Elena Dementieva. Mauresmo ended the year ranked world No. 24, with a singles record of 32–19.
2009: Final year and retirement
At the Brisbane International tournament, Mauresmo defeated world no. 177 Jelena Dokić in the first round, 7–6, 7–6, before defeating French compatriot Julie Coin in the second round, 5–7, 6–2, 7–6 in 3 hours, 14 minutes. The fifth-seeded Mauresmo then defeated top-seeded Ana Ivanovic in the quarterfinals, before retiring in her semifinal match against third-seeded Marion Bartoli, while trailing 0–4 in the first set. At the Australian Open, Mauresmo lost in the third round to Victoria Azarenka.
Mauresmo won her first tournament since 2007 by defeating Elena Dementieva in the final of the Open Gaz de France tournament in Paris.
Mauresmo lost in the third round of the BNP Paribas Open in Indian Wells, California, the first Premier Mandatory event of the year, to Li Na, 5–7, 2–6. The next event on the WTA tour was another Premier Mandatory tournament, the Sony Ericsson Open in Key Biscayne, Florida. Mauresmo was seeded 20th there and lost in the fourth round to unseeded Samantha Stosur, 4–6, 4–6, but ended up winning the doubles event with her tennis partner Svetlana Kuznetsova, after ousting the world champions on their way to the cup.
At the Madrid Masters, Mauresmo defeated Zheng Jie in the second round, 6–2, 7–5. She then came from behind to defeat Elena Dementieva, 1–6, 6–4, 6–2, and Ágnes Szávay, 5–7, 6–1, 6–1, in the third round and quarterfinal respectively. She lost against fast-rising teenager star Caroline Wozniacki, 6–7, 3–6, in the semifinals.
Mauresmo lost against Anna-Lena Grönefeld, 4–6, 3–6, in the first round of the French Open.
Mauresmo was the 17th seed at the 2009 Wimbledon Championships. She opened with a 6–1, 4–6, 6–2 win over Melinda Czink. She then defeated Kristína Kučová and Flavia Pennetta. Her fourth round match against the first seed Dinara Safina became a part of tennis history as it was the first competitive match in which the new, multimillion-pound roof closed due to rain. Mauresmo went on to lose the match, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6.
At the 2009 US Open, Mauresmo was the 17th seed, but lost to unseeded Aleksandra Wozniak, 4–6, 0–6, in the second round.
Mauresmo announced at a press conference on 8 October 2009 that she was considering retiring from tennis. On 3 December 2009, she officially announced her retirement at a press conference in Paris. She ended her career ranked World No. 21.
In June and July 2010, Mauresmo temporarily coached fellow French player Michaël Llodra during the grass season. On 7 November, Mauresmo ran her first marathon at the 2010 New York City Marathon, finishing 3hr: 40m: 20s.
At the 2011 French Open, Mauresmo was set to be reunited with Llodra, making her professional return in the mixed doubles competition, but was disqualified before competing, as she had not re-registered for the anti-doping procedures required to compete on the tour.
In 2012, Mauresmo joined forces with 2012 Australian Open Champion and then-World No.1 Victoria Azarenka and her team as a support coach to help the Belarusian in defending her World No. 1 ranking and launching an assault on the remaining three Grand Slams of 2012 and the 2012 Olympics.
In 2013, Mauresmo started coaching French No. 1 Marion Bartoli, joining forces with her shortly before the 2013 Wimbledon Championships. Under her tutelage, Bartoli would win her first Grand Slam title there without dropping a set (or even playing a tiebreak set), and credited her for her career revival (entering these Championships, Bartoli had yet to even reach a semi-final in 2013).
On 8 June 2014, Mauresmo was announced as the new coach of Andy Murray. In December the FFT announced that it was extending Mauresmo's Fed Cup contract for another two years. Under her coaching Murray reached the Australian Open final but he lost to Novak Djokovic in four sets. In May 2015, Mauresmo oversaw Murray's first career titles on clay, including the Madrid Masters, which culminated in a first ever clay court victory over Rafael Nadal. Murray also reached the semi-finals of the French Open and Wimbledon. On 9 May 2016, Mauresmo announced that she had stepped down as Murray's coach.
In June 2018 she was appointed captain of the France Davis Cup team for the following season. Nevertheless, she never came to fulfill this position, since at the end of the year she renounced in order to coach French player Lucas Pouille during the 2019 season.
Mauresmo was an aggressive player with an all-court game, who was noted for her technical mastery. Her strongest groundstroke was her one-handed backhand, which was one of the most effective on the WTA tour. Mauresmo could hit her backhand flat and with depth, with topspin, or with slice; her backhand was responsible for most of the winners she accumulated on court. Her forehand was more erratic, and players acquainted with Mauresmo's game would hit relentlessly to her forehand to try to force an error. Throughout her career, however, Mauresmo made improvements to her forehand, and, by 2005, it became a stroke she utilised more frequently and with more success. Her serve was powerful, with her first serve averaging 107 mph (172 km/h), and being recorded as high as 116 mph (186 km/h), enabling her to serve aces regularly. A reliable second serve, typically delivered at 92 mph (148 km/h), meant that double faults were uncommon. Mauresmo was one of the strongest net players on the WTA tour, and would frequently choose to finish points at the net. An exceptional volleyer, she had deft touch at the net, and had a complete repertoire of shots to perform there. Although not a net-rusher like Martina Navratilova or Billie Jean King, Mauresmo was a proficient serve and volleyer; this tactic was especially effective on grass courts. She was an aggressive returner, standing on the baseline to receive first serves, neutralising them effectively with a backhand down-the-line or an inside-out forehand. She would stand several feet within the baseline to receive second serves, and could hit return winners frequently. Despite her exceptional skill, Mauresmo's greatest weakness was her lack of confidence, nerves, and inconsistency; these were discussed at length by the media throughout her career. Mauresmo's game was effective on all surfaces, and she won tournaments on all four surfaces.
Performance at Grand Slam tournaments
Although Mauresmo had been one of the top singles players for several years, she did not have success in winning Grand Slam tournaments until 2006. Mauresmo was criticized for her mental strength after succumbing to nerves in those events. In consecutive Wimbledon semifinals, she lost to Serena Williams and Lindsay Davenport after leading comfortably. Before her 2006 Australian Open title, Mauresmo was often touted as "the greatest women's player never to win a Grand Slam." After winning the 2006 Wimbledon title, Mauresmo openly joked, "I don't want anyone to talk about my nerves any more."
Mauresmo is one of several tennis players, male or female, to have reached the top ranking without first winning a Grand Slam singles title. Other players who had done so were Kim Clijsters, Ivan Lendl, Marcelo Ríos, Jelena Janković, Dinara Safina, Caroline Wozniacki, Karolina Pliskova and Simona Halep.
Equipment and endorsements
Mauresmo's apparel and footwear on court was manufactured by Nike, and later Reebok. In the early 2000s, she used Dunlop 200G+1.00 racquet.
Grand Slam Singles performance timeline
|Grand Slam Tournaments|
|Australian Open||A||Q2||Q2||3R||F||2R||4R||QF||A||QF1||QF||W||4R||3R||3R||1 / 14||38–9|
|French Open||1R2||2R||2R||1R||2R||4R||1R||4R||QF||QF||3R||4R||3R||2R||1R||0 / 16||25–15|
|Wimbledon||A||A||Q3||2R||A||1R||3R||SF||A||SF||SF||W||4R||3R||4R||1 / 11||35–9|
|US Open||A||A||A||3R||4R||A||QF||SF||QF||QF||QF||SF||A||4R||2R||0 / 11||35–10|
|Win–Loss||3–1||2–2||4–3||5–4||10–3||4–3||9–4||17–4||8–2||17–3||15–4||22–2||8–3||8–4||6–4||2 / 53||127–42|
- 1 Mauresmo withdrew prior to quarterfinal match, which does not count as a loss.
- 2 Mauresmo won three qualifying matches to enter the main draw.
Singles: 3 (2 titles, 1 runner-up)
|Loss||1999||Australian Open||Hard||Martina Hingis||2–6, 3–6|
|Win||2006||Australian Open||Hard||Justine Henin||6–1, 2–0, retired|
|Win||2006||Wimbledon||Grass||Justine Henin||2–6, 6–3, 6–4|
Doubles: 1 (1 runner-up)
|Loss||2005||Wimbledon||Grass||Svetlana Kuznetsova|| Cara Black|
Fed Cup and Olympic teams
- French Fed Cup team: 1998–99, 2001–05.
- French Olympic team: 2000, 2004
- List of Grand Slam Women's Singles champions
- "GaySports – Gay Tennis – Lesbian Tennis – gay and lesbian sports site, for sports enthusiasts and athletes worldwide. (Tennis for the gay & lesbian community)". 3 July 2007. Archived from the original on 3 July 2007.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Serbian starlet shocks Mauresmo". BBC News. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- Mauresmo through after second set tussle, ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
- "Sharapova stops No. 1 Mauresmo, will meet Henin-Hardenne in U.S. Open final". Usatoday.com. 8 September 2006. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- Cheese, Caroline (27 June 2008). "Battling Serena sees off Mauresmo". BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "French stars to miss the Olympics". BBC Sport. BBC. 21 July 2008. Archived from the original on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- "Mauresmo's title hopes ended by Dechy in Cincinnati". Uk.reuters.com. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Amelie Mauresmo splits from coach Loïc Courteau". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney). Agence France-Presse. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
- "Women's singles results". BBC News. 26 June 2007.
- "Mauresmo calls time on her career". BBC News. 3 December 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- Hodgkinson, By Mark. "Amelie Mauresmo retires from tennis".
- Nguyen, Courtney (14 February 2013). "Marion Bartoli splits with father-coach, wants Amelie Mauresmo as replacement". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Marion Bartoli wins Wimbledon title, The Courier-Mail
- Andy Murray appoints Amelie Mauresmo as coach, BBC Sport
- "Amelie Mauresmo combines Andy Murray & Fed Cup roles". 2 December 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Grez, Matias (9 May 2016). "Andy Murray and coach Amelie Mauresmo 'mutually agree' to end partnership". CNN. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Amelie Mauresmo steps down as France's Fed Cup captain". tennis.com. Associated Press. 14 November 2016.
- "Amelie Mauresmo withdraws as France Davis Cup captain to coach Lucas Pouille". BBC. 6 December 2018.
- "Australian Open 2019: Lucas Pouille praises coach Amelie Mauresmo". BBC. 23 January 2019.
- "Tennis: How Amelie Mauresmo overcame the jibes about her sexuality". The Guardian. 26 November 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Amelie Mauresmo: Leaving Tennis Behind?". Bleacher Report. 11 October 2009. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Mauresmo settles the nerves". The Irish Times. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- Robson, Douglas (27 August 2006). "Mauresmo's stock can rise, fall in NYC". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Andy Murray: Scot dedicates win to new Mum Amelie Mauresmo". CNN. 17 August 2015.
- Tennis.com (17 August 2015). "Mauresmo gives birth to first child, a boy".
- "Amelie Mauresmo announces birth of second child". ESPN.com. 26 April 2017.
- "What they're wearing (and hitting with) at Wimbledon". SportsBusiness Journal. 25 June 2001. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amélie Mauresmo.|
- Amélie Mauresmo at the International Tennis Hall of Fame
- Amélie Mauresmo at the Women's Tennis Association
- Amélie Mauresmo at the International Tennis Federation
- Amélie Mauresmo at the Billie Jean King Cup
- Amélie Mauresmo at IMDb
- Amélie Mauresmo at the International Olympic Committee
- Amélie Mauresmo at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com (archived)
| World No. 1
13 September 2004 – 17 October 2004
20 March 2006 – 12 November 2006