1976 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from July 17 to August 1, 1976. A total of 6,084 athletes from 92 countries represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in these Games, competing in 198 events in 23 sports.[1]

Montreal's Olympic Stadium (its tower completed after the Games) was the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Twenty-eight African countries boycotted these Games.[2] This decision was taken in response to the participation of New Zealand, because its national rugby union team (the All Blacks) continued to play rugby with South Africa, which had been banned from the Olympic movement since 1964 due to its apartheid policies.[3]

Athletes from 42 countries won at least one medal, leaving 51 countries in blank in the medals table. The Soviet Union won the highest number of gold medals (49) and overall medals (125). The Games were dominated by the Soviet Bloc, with the USSR and its satellites occupying seven out of top ten places in the medal standings. Thailand and Bermuda won the first medals in their Olympic history, with Bermuda being the least populous nation to ever win a Summer Olympic medal until Alessandra Perilli won bronze for San Marino in trap shooting in 2021.[4]. Canada failed to win a single gold medal despite being the host nation. Overall, it was 27th in the medal table, which remains the worst result a host nation has ever scored in the history of the Summer Games.[5]

Nikolai Andrianov of the Soviet Union won seven medals (four gold, two silver and one bronze medals), becoming the most medaled athlete in these Games.[6]

Medal table

Sugar Ray Leonard won the gold medal in boxing's light welterweight category at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

The medal table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables.[7] By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a nation is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically.

A total of 198 events in 23 different sports were contested at the Montreal Games.[8][9] In boxing and judo, two bronze medals were awarded for each weight class. In gymnastics, two bronze medals were awarded for third–place ties in the men's pommel horse and men's horizontal bar events, and a second–place tie in the women's vault resulted in two silver medals and no bronze medal awarded for that event.[10]

  *   Host nation (Canada)

1976 Summer Olympics medal table
RankNOCGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)494135125
2 East Germany (GDR)40252590
3 United States (USA)34352594
4 West Germany (FRG)10121739
5 Japan (JPN)961025
6 Poland (POL)761326
7 Bulgaria (BUL)69722
8 Cuba (CUB)64313
9 Romania (ROU)491427
10 Hungary (HUN)451322
11 Finland (FIN)4206
12 Sweden (SWE)4105
13 Great Britain (GBR)35513
14 Italy (ITA)27413
15 France (FRA)2349
16 Yugoslavia (YUG)2338
17 Czechoslovakia (TCH)2248
18 New Zealand (NZL)2114
19 South Korea (KOR)1146
20 Switzerland (SUI)1124
21 Jamaica (JAM)1102
 North Korea (PRK)1102
 Norway (NOR)1102
24 Denmark (DEN)1023
25 Mexico (MEX)1012
26 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)1001
27 Canada (CAN)*05611
28 Belgium (BEL)0336
29 Netherlands (NED)0235
30 Portugal (POR)0202
 Spain (ESP)0202
32 Australia (AUS)0145
33 Iran (IRI)0112
34 Mongolia (MGL)0101
 Venezuela (VEN)0101
36 Brazil (BRA)0022
37 Austria (AUT)0011
 Bermuda (BER)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 Puerto Rico (PUR)0011
 Thailand (THA)0011
Totals (41 NOCs)198199216613

Change By Doping

Olympics Athlete Country Medal Event Ref
1976 Summer Olympics Valentin Khristov  Bulgaria Weightlifting, Men's 110 kg [11]
Blagoy Blagoev Weightlifting, Men's 82.5 kg [12]
Zbigniew Kaczmarek  Poland Weightlifting, Men's 67.5 kg [13]

References

  1. "Montreal 1976–Games of the XXI Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  2. Berlioux, Monique, ed. (November–December 1976). "Africa and the XXIst Olympiad" (PDF). Olympic Review. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee (109–110): 584–585. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  3. "1976: African countries boycott Olympics". BBC. 1976-07-17. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  4. Mackenzie, Alasdair (29 July 2021). "Shooting-Tears of joy as San Marino becomes smallest Olympic medal-winning nation". Reuters. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  5. "History: 1976 Montreal". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  6. "Nikolay Andrianov–The Only Man to Win 15 Medals". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  7. "Montreal 1976–Medal Table". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  8. "Aquatics" includes swimming, diving, and water polo.
  9. "Montreal 1976–Sports on the program". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-24.
  10. Chantigny, Louis, ed. (1978). Games of the XXI Olympiad Montréal 1976 Official Report, Volume III Results (PDF). Montreal, Quebec, Canada.: COJO 76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  11. "Valentin Khristov Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  12. "Blagoy Blagoev Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  13. "Zbigniew Kaczmarek Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2017.

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