1930 United States census

The United States census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 census.

Fifteenth census
of the United States

April 1, 1930

U.S. Census Bureau seal
Population Schedule
Indian Census Roll
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population123,202,624 ( 13.7%)
Most populous stateNew York
12,588,066
Least populous stateNevada
91,058

Census questions

The 1930 census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • home owned or rented
    • if owned, value of home
    • if rented, monthly rent
  • whether owned a radio set
  • whether on a farm
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, age at first marriage
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • birthplace of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born:
    • language spoken at home before coming to the U. S.
    • year of immigration
    • whether naturalized
    • ability to speak English
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • whether at work previous day (or last regular work day)
  • veteran status
  • if Indian:
    • whether of full or mixed blood
    • tribal affiliation

Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949, after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

Rank State Population as of
1930 census[3]
Population as of
1920 census
Change Percent
change
1  New York 12,588,066 10,385,227 2,202,839 21.2%
2  Pennsylvania 9,631,350 8,720,017 911,333 10.5%
3  Illinois 7,630,654 6,485,280 1,145,374 17.7%
4  Ohio 6,646,697 5,759,394 887,303 15.4%
5  Texas 5,824,715 4,663,228 1,161,487 24.9%
6  California 5,677,251 3,426,861 2,250,390 65.7%
7  Michigan 4,842,325 3,668,412 1,173,913 32.0%
8  Massachusetts 4,249,614 3,852,356 397,258 10.3%
9  New Jersey 4,041,334 3,155,900 885,434 28.1%
10  Missouri 3,629,367 3,404,055 225,312 6.6%
11  Indiana 3,238,503 2,930,390 308,113 10.5%
12  North Carolina 3,170,276 2,559,123 611,153 23.9%
13  Wisconsin 2,939,006 2,632,067 306,939 11.7%
14  Georgia 2,908,506 2,895,832 12,674 0.4%
15  Alabama 2,646,248 2,348,174 298,074 12.7%
16  Tennessee 2,616,556 2,337,885 278,671 11.9%
17  Kentucky 2,614,589 2,416,630 197,959 8.2%
18  Minnesota 2,563,953 2,387,125 176,828 7.4%
19  Iowa 2,470,939 2,404,021 66,918 2.8%
20  Virginia 2,421,851 2,309,187 112,664 4.9%
21  Oklahoma 2,396,040 2,028,283 367,757 18.1%
22  Louisiana 2,101,593 1,798,509 303,084 16.9%
23  Mississippi 2,009,821 1,790,618 219,203 12.2%
24  Kansas 1,880,999 1,769,257 111,742 6.3%
25  Arkansas 1,854,482 1,752,204 102,278 5.8%
26  South Carolina 1,738,765 1,683,724 55,041 3.3%
27  West Virginia 1,729,205 1,463,701 265,504 18.1%
28  Maryland 1,631,526 1,449,661 181,865 12.5%
29  Connecticut 1,606,903 1,380,631 226,272 16.4%
30  Washington 1,563,396 1,356,621 206,775 15.2%
31  Florida 1,468,211 968,470 499,741 51.6%
32  Nebraska 1,377,963 1,296,372 81,591 6.3%
33  Colorado 1,035,791 939,629 96,162 10.2%
34  Oregon 953,786 783,389 170,397 21.8%
35  Maine 797,423 768,014 29,409 3.8%
36  South Dakota 692,849 636,547 56,302 8.8%
37  Rhode Island 687,497 604,397 83,100 13.7%
38  North Dakota 680,845 646,872 33,973 5.3%
39  Montana 537,606 548,889 -11,283 -2.1%
40  Utah 507,847 449,396 58,451 13.0%
 District of Columbia 486,869 437,571 49,298 11.3%
41  New Hampshire 465,293 443,083 22,210 5.0%
42  Idaho 445,032 431,866 13,166 3.0%
43  Arizona 435,573 334,162 101,411 30.3%
44  New Mexico 423,317 360,350 62,967 17.5%
 Hawaii 368,300 255,881 112,419 43.9%
45  Vermont 359,611 352,428 7,183 2.0%
46  Delaware 238,380 223,003 15,377 6.9%
47  Wyoming 225,565 194,402 31,163 16.0%
48  Nevada 91,058 77,407 13,651 17.6%
 Alaska 59,278 55,036 4,242 7.7%

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[4]Region (2016)[5]
01New YorkNew York6,930,446Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois3,376,438Midwest
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,950,961Northeast
04DetroitMichigan1,568,662Midwest
05Los AngelesCalifornia1,238,048West
06ClevelandOhio900,429Midwest
07St. LouisMissouri821,960Midwest
08BaltimoreMaryland804,874South
09BostonMassachusetts781,188Northeast
10PittsburghPennsylvania669,817Northeast
11San FranciscoCalifornia634,394West
12MilwaukeeWisconsin578,249Midwest
13BuffaloNew York573,076Northeast
14WashingtonDistrict of Columbia486,869South
15MinneapolisMinnesota464,356Midwest
16New OrleansLouisiana458,762South
17CincinnatiOhio451,160Midwest
18NewarkNew Jersey442,337Northeast
19Kansas CityMissouri399,746Midwest
20SeattleWashington365,583West
21IndianapolisIndiana364,161Midwest
22RochesterNew York328,132Northeast
23Jersey CityNew Jersey316,715Northeast
24LouisvilleKentucky307,745South
25PortlandOregon301,815West
26HoustonTexas292,352South
27ToledoOhio290,718Midwest
28ColumbusOhio290,564Midwest
29DenverColorado287,861West
30OaklandCalifornia284,063West
31Saint PaulMinnesota271,606Midwest
32AtlantaGeorgia270,366South
33DallasTexas260,475South
34BirminghamAlabama259,678South
35AkronOhio255,040Midwest
36MemphisTennessee253,143South
37ProvidenceRhode Island252,981Northeast
38San AntonioTexas231,542South
39OmahaNebraska214,006Midwest
40SyracuseNew York209,326Northeast
41DaytonOhio200,982Midwest
42WorcesterMassachusetts195,311Northeast
43Oklahoma CityOklahoma185,389South
44RichmondVirginia182,929South
45YoungstownOhio170,002Midwest
46Grand RapidsMichigan168,592Midwest
47HartfordConnecticut164,072Northeast
48Fort WorthTexas163,447South
49New HavenConnecticut162,655Northeast
50FlintMichigan156,492Midwest
51NashvilleTennessee153,866South
52SpringfieldMassachusetts149,900Northeast
53San DiegoCalifornia147,995West
54BridgeportConnecticut146,716Northeast
55ScrantonPennsylvania143,433Northeast
56Des MoinesIowa142,559Midwest
57Long BeachCalifornia142,032West
58TulsaOklahoma141,258South
59Salt Lake CityUtah140,267West
60PatersonNew Jersey138,513Northeast
61YonkersNew York134,646Northeast
62NorfolkVirginia129,710South
63JacksonvilleFlorida129,549South
64AlbanyNew York127,412Northeast
65TrentonNew Jersey123,356Northeast
66Kansas CityKansas121,857Midwest
67ChattanoogaTennessee119,798South
68CamdenNew Jersey118,700Northeast
69EriePennsylvania115,967Northeast
70SpokaneWashington115,514West
71Fall RiverMassachusetts115,274Northeast
72Fort WayneIndiana114,946Midwest
73ElizabethNew Jersey114,589Northeast
74CambridgeMassachusetts113,643Northeast
75New BedfordMassachusetts112,597Northeast
76ReadingPennsylvania111,171Northeast
77WichitaKansas111,110Midwest
78MiamiFlorida110,637South
79TacomaWashington106,817West
80WilmingtonDelaware106,597South
81KnoxvilleTennessee105,802South
82PeoriaIllinois104,969Midwest
83CantonOhio104,906Midwest
84South BendIndiana104,193Midwest
85SomervilleMassachusetts103,908Northeast
86El PasoTexas102,421South
87LynnMassachusetts102,320Northeast
88EvansvilleIndiana102,249Midwest
89UticaNew York101,740Northeast
90DuluthMinnesota101,463Midwest
91TampaFlorida101,161South
92GaryIndiana100,426Midwest
93LowellMassachusetts100,234Northeast
94WaterburyConnecticut99,902Northeast
95SchenectadyNew York95,692Northeast
96SacramentoCalifornia93,750West
97AllentownPennsylvania92,563Northeast
98BayonneNew Jersey88,979Northeast
99Wilkes-BarrePennsylvania86,626Northeast
100RockfordIllinois85,864Midwest

Notes

  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. The United States National Archives and Records Administration. "FAQs about the 1930 Census". National Archives website. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  3. https://www.census.gov/library/publications/1931/dec/1930a-vol-01-population.html
  4. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
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